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1.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4784, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553356

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of three types of muscular resistance training on adiposity, inflammation levels and insulin activity in Swiss mice with fat-rich diet-induced obesity. METHODS: Lean and obese male Swiss mice were selected and allocated to one of eight groups comprising eight mice each, as follows: standard diet + no training; standard diet + muscular resistance training; standard diet + hypertrophy training; standard diet + strength training; high-fat diet + no training; high-fat diet + muscular resistance training; high-fat diet + hypertrophy training; high-fat diet + strength training. The training protocol consisted of stair climbing for a 10-week period. Blood samples were collected for lactate analysis, glucose level measurement and insulin tolerance test. After euthanasia, adipose tissues were removed and weighed for adiposity index determination. Fragments of epididymal adipose tissue were then embedded for histological analysis or homogenized for tumor necrosis factor alpha level determination using the ELISA method. RESULTS: Ausency of differences in total training volume and blood lactate levels overall emphasize the similarity between the different resistance training protocols. Body weight loss, reduced adipocyte area and lower adiposity index were observed in trained obese mice, regardless of training modality. Different training protocols also improved insulin sensitivity and reduced inflammation levels. CONCLUSION: Resistance training protocols were equally effective in reducing body fat, inflammation levels and insulin resistance in obese mice.


Assuntos
Adiposidade/fisiologia , Hipertrofia/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Exercícios de Alongamento Muscular/métodos , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia , Tecido Adiposo Branco/fisiopatologia , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
2.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1724-1725, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438312

RESUMO

This paper explains a methodology to improve patient safety through early detecting of HF complications and analyzing HF biomarkers in saliva obtained using a biosensor developed in HEARTEN project. A pilot study was performed in two hospitals in Spain and Italy respectively. A direct correlation was identified between TNF-alpha levels in saliva and weight. The weight gain in HF patients could predict a HF decompensation, consequently TNF-alpha could be a new biomarker of these decompensations.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Saliva , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Biomarcadores , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Itália , Projetos Piloto , Saliva/química , Espanha
3.
Exp Parasitol ; 205: 107747, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442454

RESUMO

Development of new chemotherapeutic agents is an essential issue in the treatment and control of a disease. This study aimed to evaluate the anti-leishmanial activity of amiodarone, an antiarrhythmic class III drug, against Leishmania major, the most prevalent etiological agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the old world. The proliferation of promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes in the absence or presence of amiodarone was estimated, in an in vitro study. For in vivo study, five weeks after infection of BALB/c mice with L. major, when the lesions appeared at the injection site, the mice were divided into four groups (n = 6 each); treatment was conducted for 28 consecutive days with vehicle, amiodarone at 40 mg/kg orally and glucantime at 60 mg/kg intraperitoneally. Therapy with amiodarone reduced the size of lesions compared to the untreated group after 12 days. Amiodarone decreased the parasite load and inflammatory responses, particularly the macrophages containing amastigotes, and enhanced granulation tissue formation in the dermis and subcutaneous area. The Tumor necrosis factor-α and Interleukin-6 levels were significantly lower in the cell culture supernatants of the inguinal lymph node in the amiodarone treated group compared to the vehicle and untreated groups. Amiodarone significantly increased the activity of glutathione peroxidase in comparison to the vehicle and untreated groups but did not affect the plasma levels of superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde, adiponectin, and ferric reducing ability of plasma. Therefore, the anti- L. major activity and immunomodulatory effects of amiodarone reduced the parasitic load and enhanced wound healing in cutaneous leishmaniasis in BALB/c mice. Amiodarone reduced the lesion surface area, but it did not cure it completely.


Assuntos
Amiodarona/uso terapêutico , Antiprotozoários/uso terapêutico , Leishmania major/efeitos dos fármacos , Leishmaniose Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico , Adiponectina/sangue , Amiodarona/farmacologia , Animais , Antiarrítmicos/farmacologia , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Antiprotozoários/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Feminino , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Interleucina-6/análise , Leishmania major/ultraestrutura , Leishmaniose Cutânea/parasitologia , Linfonodos/química , Linfonodos/imunologia , Macrófagos/parasitologia , Malondialdeído/sangue , Antimoniato de Meglumina/farmacologia , Antimoniato de Meglumina/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Carga Parasitária , Distribuição Aleatória , Pele/parasitologia , Pele/patologia , Pele/ultraestrutura , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
4.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180365, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Visfatin is an adipokine that plays an important role in immune functions as a growth factor, enzyme, and pro-inflammatory mediator. We aimed to determine the levels of visfatin, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in both obese/non-obese patients, with/without generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP). METHODOLOGY: Patients were categorized as obese (O) (n=31) or non-obese (nO) (n=19). Groups were divided into four subgroups according to periodontal conditions: (1) periodontally healthy without obesity (nO-Ctrl); (2) GCP without obesity (nO-CP); (3) periodontally healthy with obesity (O-Ctrl); and (4) GCP with obesity (O-CP). Demographic variables, anthropometric and laboratory data were recorded. Periodontal parameters were measured at baseline and 3rd months after either non-surgical periodontal treatment or calorie -restricted diet therapy. At the same time, GCF samples were taken from patients to analyze TNF-alpha, IL-6,and visfatin levels. RESULTS: Periodontal parameters were significantly higher in the O group than in the nO group (P<0.05). IL-6 levels were higher in the O group than in the nO group (P<0.001). The visfatin levels of the obese patients were reduceddecreased following the treatments (P<0.05). Cholesterol levels were higher in the O group than in the nO groups (P<0.05). IL-6 levels were higher in O-CP and O-Ctrl groups than in the nO-Ctrl group (P<0.05). Compared to the other groups, visfatin levels were significantly higher in the O-CP group but decreased following treatment (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that visfatin and IL-6 levels in GCF are associated with the pathogenesis of obesity and periodontitis. Within the limits of this study, we considered that there might be an association between the lipid profile and periodontitis on systemically healthy individuals.


Assuntos
Citocinas/análise , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Interleucina-6/análise , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/análise , Obesidade/metabolismo , Periodontite/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocinas/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/fisiologia , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Panorâmica , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/fisiologia
5.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327203

RESUMO

Objective:TThe aim of this study is to investigate the effect of in vitro cultured Calculus Bovis on the inflammation of oropharynx and body in patients with OSA during the perioperative period of H-UPPP.Method:Eighty patients with OSA and H-UPPP indications were enrolled. The patients were divided into experimental group and control group by random number table, 40 cases in each group. The experimental group was given in vitro cultured Calculus Bovis, while the control group was not given bovine bezoar in vitro. The postoperative oropharyngeal pain, time to resume normal diet, local edema, concentration of IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α in saliva, and concentration of IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α in blood were compared between the two groups. Result:The pain of oropharynx in the experimental group was lighter than that in the control group on the 3rd, 5th and 7th day after operation (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the pain of oropharynx between the two groups on the 1st day after operation(P>0.05); the time of restoring normal diet in the experimental group was shorter than that in the control group (P<0.05); the edema of oropharynx in the experimental group was lighter than that in the control group on the 5th and 7th day after operation (P<0.05).The levels of IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α in saliva were lower than those in control group on the 3rd, 5th and 7th day after operation (P<0.05), and the levels of IL-1ß, IL-8 and TNF-α in blood on the 5th and 7th day after operation were lower than those in control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:In vitro perioperative period of H-UPPP can improve the postoperative sore throat and local edema of oropharynx, shorten the time of normal diet and reduce the expression of related inflammatory factors in oropharynx and blood.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cólicos/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Materia Medica/uso terapêutico , Orofaringe/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/cirurgia , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-8/análise , Período Pós-Operatório , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
6.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e033, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269113

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of periodontal treatment on the salivary cytokine levels and clinical parameters of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) with gingivitis. A non-randomized, clinical trial was conducted in individuals diagnosed with spastic CP. Thirty-eight individuals were enrolled in the study and were categorized according to gingival index scores between 0-1 or 2-3, assigned to groups G2 or G1, respectively. Periodontal treatment comprised oral hygiene instructions, conventional mechanical treatment and 0.12% chlorhexidine applied as an adjunct. Clinical parameters and saliva samples were collected at baseline and at the 15-day follow-up visit. Bleeding on probing and periodontal screening and recording were determined. Non-stimulated saliva samples were obtained, and the salivary flow rate, the osmolality and the levels of cytokines IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α and IL-12p70 were evaluated by a cytometric bead array. The Wilcoxon test, the Mann-Whitney test, Spearman correlation analysis, Poisson regression analysis and an adjusted analysis were performed (α = 0.05). The groups differed significantly in periodontal clinical parameters at baseline and at follow-up. Salivary flow rate and osmolality were similar in both groups at both timepoints. However, TNF-α and IL-1ß levels were higher in G1 than in G2 at baseline. Mechanical treatment resulted in improved clinical parameters for both groups. Furthermore, mechanical treatment resulted in a significant reduction in salivary IL-1ß and IL-8 levels for both groups after treatment. Periodontal treatment performed in individuals with CP and gingivitis reduces the levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-8.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Gengivite/complicações , Gengivite/reabilitação , Periodontite/terapia , Saliva/química , Adolescente , Criança , Citocinas/análise , Profilaxia Dentária/métodos , Feminino , Gengivite/microbiologia , Humanos , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Masculino , Concentração Osmolar , Índice Periodontal , Distribuição de Poisson , Saliva/imunologia , Saliva/microbiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
7.
Acta Vet Scand ; 61(1): 24, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory and degenerative activity inside the joint can be studied in vivo by analysis of synovial fluid biomarkers. In addition to pro-inflammatory mediators, several anabolic and anti-inflammatory substances are produced during the disease process. They counteract the catabolic effects of the pro-inflammatory cytokines and thus diminish the cartilage damage. The response of synovial fluid biomarkers after intra-articular hyaluronan injection, alone or in combination with other substances, has been examined only in a few equine studies. The effects of hyaluronan on some pro-inflammatory mediators, such as prostaglandin E2, have been documented but especially the effects on synovial fluid anti-inflammatory mediators are less studied. In animal models hyaluronan has been demonstrated to reduce pain via protecting nociceptive nerve endings and by blocking pain receptor channels. However, the results obtained for pain-relief of human osteoarthritis are contradictory. The aim of the study was to measure the synovial fluid IL-1ra, PDGF-BB, TGF-ß1 and TNF-α concentrations before and after surgically induced cartilage defect, and following intra-articular hyaluronan injection in horses. Eight Standardbred horses underwent bilateral arthroscopic surgeries of their intercarpal joints under general anaesthesia, and cartilage defect was created on the dorsal edge of the third carpal bone of one randomly selected intercarpal joint of each horse. Five days post-surgery, one randomly selected intercarpal joint was injected intra-articular with 3 mL HA (20 mg/mL). RESULTS: Operation type had no significant effect on the synovial fluid IL-1ra, PDGF-BB, TGF-ß1 and TNF-α concentrations but compared with baseline, synovial fluid IL-1ra and TNF-α concentrations increased. Intra-articular hyaluronan had no significant effect on the biomarker concentrations but a trend of mild improvement in the clinical signs of intra-articular inflammation was seen. CONCLUSIONS: Creation of the cartilage defect and sham-operation lead to an increase of synovial fluid IL-1ra and TNF-α concentrations but changes in concentrations of anabolic growth factors TGF-ß1 and PDGF-BB could not be documented 5 days after the arthroscopy. Intra-articular hyaluronan was well tolerated. Further research is needed to document possible treatment effects of intra-articular hyaluronan on the synovial fluid biomarkers of inflammation and cartilage metabolism.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Articulações do Carpo/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças das Cartilagens/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacologia , Líquido Sinovial/química , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Articulações do Carpo/patologia , Articulações do Carpo/cirurgia , Doenças das Cartilagens/patologia , Doenças dos Cavalos/patologia , Cavalos , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 438-447, June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002240

RESUMO

Obesity is a modifiable risk factor for the development and progression of kidney disease. Obesity may harm kidneys in individuals without hypertension, diabetes, or pre-existing renal disease. Ginger, Zingiber officinale, has many beneficial pharmaceutical benefits. This study aimed to evaluate the Zingiber officinale protective effect against obesity complications which induced by high fat diet and caused renal dysfunctions. The study period was two months, and the experimental animals' groups were four, 80 Wistar rats were appropriated similarly 20 animals/group: control group; ginger extract group (GE); high-fat diet (HFD); and GE+HFD group. Body and fat weight, creatinine, leptin, TNF-α, total antioxidants, renal histopathological and ultrastructure were investigated. Rats in group of HFD showed a significant increase (P<0.05) in the body and fat weights, creatinine, leptin and TNF-α, and significant decrease (P<0.05) in total antioxidants (TAS). Ginger administration significantly showed the protective restoring the altered parameters. Furthermore, rats co-treated with ginger extract improved the histopathological and ultrastructural renal injury induced by obesity. The study concluded that the ginger extract used could suppress and decrease the renal damage induced by high-fat diet as it possesses potential medicinal values.


La obesidad es un factor de riesgo modificable para el desarrollo y la progresión de la enfermedad renal. La obesidad puede dañar los riñones en personas sin hipertensión, diabetes o enfermedad renal preexistente. El jengibre, Zingiber officinale, tiene muchos beneficios farmacéuticos. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el efecto protector de Zingiber officinale en las complicaciones de la obesidad inducida por una dieta alta en grasas y las enfermedad renal. El período de estudio fue de dos meses, y los grupos de animales experimentales fueron cuatro, se asignaron 80 ratas Wistar de manera similar, 20 animales por grupo: grupo de control; grupo de extracto de jengibre (GE); dieta alta en grasas (DAG); y el grupo GE + DAG. Se evaluó el peso corporal y la grasa, creatinina, leptina, TNF-α, antioxidantes totales, histopatología renal y ultraestructura. Las ratas en el grupo de DAG mostraron un aumento significativo (P<0,05) en el peso corporal y de grasa, creatinina, leptina y TNF-a, y una disminución significativa (P<0,05) en los antioxidantes totales. La administración de jengibre mostró una protección significativa restaurando los parámetros alterados. Además, las ratas tratadas conjuntamente con extracto de jengibre mejoraron la lesión renal histopatológica y ultraestructural inducida por la obesidad. El estudio concluyó que el extracto de jengibre podría suprimir y disminuir el daño renal inducido por la dieta alta en grasas, ya que posee potenciales valores medicinales.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Gengibre/química , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/complicações , Peso Corporal , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Creatinina/análise , Leptina/análise , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Rim/patologia , Nefropatias/patologia
9.
Chem Biol Interact ; 308: 137-146, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103702

RESUMO

Cisplatin, a platinum chemotherapeutic agent, is used in a diversity of malignancies; nevertheless, the excessive nephrotoxicity following cisplatin treatment is the dose-limiting devastating reaction. This study was designed to explore the possible nephroprotective impact of wogonin, a forceful anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor agent, in a rat model of cisplatin-induced renal injury. The potential nephroprotective mechanisms were additionally investigated. Wogonin was given at a dose of 40 mg/kg. Acute nephrotoxicity was indicated by a significant rise in BUN, and serum creatinine levels in cisplatin-injected rats. Also, cisplatin enhanced the lipid peroxidation, diminished GSH, catalase, and PPAR-γ levels. Additionally, cisplatin-injected rats showed a significant rise in tissue levels of IL-1ß, TNF-α, NF-kB, and caspase-3 enzymatic activity. Notably, the pre-treatment with wogonin ameliorated the nephrotoxicity indices, oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis induced by cisplatin. Also, wogonin up-regulated PPAR-γ expression. The involvement of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway was debatable; however, our findings showed that it was significantly induced by cisplatin. Wogonin pre-treatment markedly attenuated Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Collectively, these findings imply that wogonin is a promising nephroprotective agent that improves the therapeutic index of cisplatin via reducing oxidative stress, inflammation as well as inducing PPAR-γ. Also, Wnt/ß-catenin pathway is partially involved in the pathogenesis of cisplatin nephrotoxicity.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/toxicidade , Flavanonas/farmacologia , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia , Animais , Flavanonas/uso terapêutico , Glutationa/metabolismo , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 49(2): 149-160, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064968

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of oral cryotherapy on oral mucositis, reactive oxygen series, inflammatory cytokines, and oral comfort in patients undergoing chemotherapy for gynecologic cancers. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n=25, receiving oral cryotherapy during chemotherapy) and the control group (n=25, receiving the usual care consisting of 0.9% normal saline gargles three times before meals). Oral mucositis was assessed using the oral assessment guide, while oral comfort was assessed using the oral perception guide. Reactive oxygen series was measured as total oxidant stress, and the level of two inflammatory markers, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), were examined. The data were analyzed using t-test, chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney U-test, and repeated measures analysis of variance. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in the oral mucositis score, reactive oxygen series score, TNF-α level, and oral comfort score between the two groups, and there were significant changes over time and in the group-by-time interactions. There was a significant difference in the IL-6 score between the two groups, but there were no significant changes over time or in the group-by-time interactions. CONCLUSION: The study results revealed that oral cryotherapy was more effective than the usual care regime of normal saline gargles for reducing oral mucositis, reactive oxygen series, and inflammatory cytokines and for improving oral comfort in gynecologic cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Crioterapia , Interleucina-6/análise , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Estomatite/terapia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Oxidativo , Estomatite/etiologia
11.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(4): e201900402, 2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038582

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of amniotic fluid in liver preservation in organ transplantation, and compare it with standard preservation solutions. METHODS: The groups consisted of Group 1: Ringer Lactate (RL) group, Group 2: HTK group, Group 3: UW group, Group 4: AF group. The livers of rats from Group 1, 2, 3, and 4 were perfused and placed into falcon tubes containing RL, HTK, UW, and AF solutions at +4 °C, respectively. The tubes were stored for 12 hours in the refrigerator at +4°C. Tissue samples were taken at the 6th and 12th hours for histopathological examinations of the perfused livers, and storage solutions for biochemical analyzes at 6th and 12th hours. RESULTS: AF was shown to maintain organ viability by reducing the number of cells undergoing apoptosis. Histopathological changes such as sinusoidal dilatation, hydropic degeneration, and focal necrosis were found to be similar to the groups in which the standard organ preservation solutions were used. Additionally, the results of INOS, IL-10, and TNF-α,which were evaluated immunohistochemically, have been shown to be similar to the UW and HTK groups. CONCLUSIONS: AF provided conservation similar to UW and HTK in the 12-hour liver SCS process. The fact that apoptosis values are comparable to standard preservation solutions supports the success of AF in the cold storage of the liver.


Assuntos
Líquido Amniótico , Criopreservação/métodos , Fígado , Soluções para Preservação de Órgãos/farmacologia , Animais , Glucose/farmacologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Interleucina-10/análise , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Manitol/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/análise , Preservação de Órgãos/métodos , Cloreto de Potássio/farmacologia , Procaína/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Valores de Referência , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Solução de Ringer/farmacologia , Fatores de Tempo , Sobrevivência de Tecidos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
12.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e047, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141038

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate macrophage M1 and M2 subpopulations in radicular cysts (RCs) and periapical granulomas (PGs) and relate them to clinical and morphological aspects. M1 macrophages were evaluated by the percentage of CD68 immunostaining associated with the inflammatory cytokine TNF-α, and M2 macrophages, by its specific CD163 antibody. The CD68+/CD163+ ratio was adopted to distinguish between the two macrophage subpopulations. Clinical, radiographic, symptomatology, treatment, and morphological parameters of lesions were collected and a significance level of p = 0.05 was adopted for statistical analysis. The results showed that the CD68+/CD163+ ratio was higher in the RCs (median = 1.22, p = 0.002), and the highest TNF-α immunostaining scores were found in RCs (p = 0.018); in PGs, the CD68+/CD163+ ratio was lower and associated with a greater CD163+ immunostaining (median = 1.02, p <0.001). The TNF-α in cyst epithelium had a score of 3 in 10 cases and predominance of M1 macrophages by CD68+/CD163+ (median = 2.23). In addition, CD68+ cells had higher percentage of immunostaining in smaller RCs (p = 0.034). Our findings suggest that increased CD68 immunostaining associated with TNF-α cytokine in RCs results in a greater differentiation of the M1 phenotype. The higher CD163 immunostaining in PGs results in greater differentiation of the M2 phenotype. Therefore, the inflammatory state promoted by M1 macrophages is related to growth and progression of RCs; on the other hand, the immunomodulatory state of M2 macrophages is related to maintenance of PGs.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/patologia , Granuloma Periapical/patologia , Cisto Radicular/patologia , Adulto , Antígenos CD/análise , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/análise , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Superfície Celular/análise , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
13.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(2): e20180699, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038541

RESUMO

Besides stimulating vasoconstriction, Angiotensin II is also well known in inducing reactive oxygen species and promoting inflammatory phenotype switch via its type 1 receptor. In clinic, Angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blocker like candesartan has been widely applied as an antihypertensive medication. We previous have demonstrated that a higher dose of candesartan plays a protective role after kidney injury. However, whether candesartan could exhibit anti-inflammatory effects remains unclear. Here, by stimulating isolated human embryonic kidney epithelial cells with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), we observed the anti-inflammation capacity of candesartan ex vivo. It was found that pre-treat with candesartan significantly suppressed transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression after incubation with TNF-α. Surprisingly, silence of angiotensin II type 1 receptor has little effects on reducing TGF-ß or IL-6 products. Furthermore, candesartan inhibited TNF-α-induced oxidative stress in the primary cultured tubular epithelial cells. Overall, our data indicates that candesartan suppresses TNF-α-induced inflammatory cytokine production by inhibiting oxidative stress, rather than block AT1 receptor activity.


Assuntos
Bloqueadores do Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/citologia , Tetrazóis/farmacologia , Análise de Variância , Western Blotting , Células Cultivadas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Interleucina-6/análise , Rim/embriologia , Linfotoxina-alfa/análise , Linfotoxina-alfa/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/análise , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(8)2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995806

RESUMO

The intestinal epithelium constitutes an indispensable single-layered barrier to protect the body from invading pathogens, antigens or toxins. At the same time, beneficial nutrients and water have to be absorbed by the epithelium. To prevent development of intestinal inflammation or tumour formation, intestinal homeostasis has to be tightly controlled and therefore a strict balance between cell death and proliferation has to be maintained. The proinflammatory cytokine tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) was shown to play a striking role for the regulation of this balance in the gut. Depending on the cellular conditions, on the one hand TNFα is able to mediate cell survival by activating NFκB signalling. On the other hand, TNFα might trigger cell death, in particular caspase-dependent apoptosis but also caspase-independent programmed necrosis. By regulating these cell death and survival mechanisms, TNFα exerts a variety of beneficial functions in the intestine. However, TNFα signalling is also supposed to play a critical role for the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), infectious diseases, intestinal wound healing and tumour formation. Here we review the literature about the physiological and pathophysiological role of TNFα signalling for the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis and the benefits and difficulties of anti-TNFα treatment during IBD.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias/imunologia , Homeostase , Intestinos/imunologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos/uso terapêutico , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Bacterianas/imunologia , Infecções Bacterianas/patologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Gastroenteropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Gastroenteropatias/patologia , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestinos/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Viroses/tratamento farmacológico , Viroses/imunologia , Viroses/patologia
15.
Food Chem ; 290: 239-245, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31000042

RESUMO

Portulaca oleracea L. (Purslane) has great potential as food and traditional drugs in several countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of purslane extract on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Purslane extracts significantly reduced LPS-induced synthesis of NO in a dose-dependent manner, as well as the expression levels of iNOS and COX-2. The productions of TNF-α and IL-6 were also significantly reduced at the higher dose of 400 µg/ml. Meanwhile, the expression levels of P65, p-P65, p-MEK and p-IκB-α were inhibited dose-dependently. The nuclear translocation of P65 was partially prevented by the extract, which explained the inhibition of NF-κB pathway. In addition, three reported flavonoids, named luteolin, kaempferol and quercitrin, were identified in the extract, which might be responsible for its anti-inflammatory effects. Above all, our research has partially proved that purslane could be considered as a natural anti-inflammatory agent in further applications.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Portulaca/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/análise , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Portulaca/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
16.
Mil Med ; 184(Suppl 1): 265-272, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mild blast traumatic brain injury is commonly prevalent in modern combat casualty care and has been associated with the development of neurodegenerative conditions. However, whether primary lower level blast overpressure (LBOP) causes neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation remains largely unknown. The aim of our present study was to determine whether LBOP can cause neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. METHODS: Anesthetized rats were randomly assigned to LBOP group (70 kPa, n = 5) or sham group (without blast, n = 5). Histopathological and cytokine changes in brain tissue at 5 days post-injury were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining and Bioplex assay, respectively. RESULTS: Histopathological assessment revealed neuronal degeneration and increased density of inflammatory cells in frontal and parietal cortex, hippocampus and thalamus in rats exposed to LBOP. LBOP exposure significantly elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (EPO, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-12, IL-18, and TNF-α) and chemokines (GRO and RANTES) as well as of an anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-13) in the frontal cortex. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals a role of neuroinflammation in neurodegeneration after mild blast traumatic brain injury. Therapies that target this process might in warfighters might function either by attenuating the development of post-traumatic stress disorder, chronic traumatic encephalopathy and Alzheimer's disease, or by slowing their progression.


Assuntos
Encefalite/patologia , Explosões/estatística & dados numéricos , Degeneração Neural/patologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/análise , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/etiologia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/patologia , Quimiocina CCL5/análise , Quimiocina CXCL1/análise , Quimiocinas/análise , Citocinas/análise , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Encefalite/enzimologia , Encefalite/etiologia , Interleucina-12/análise , Interleucina-18/análise , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Degeneração Neural/enzimologia , Degeneração Neural/etiologia , Ratos/lesões , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
17.
J Strength Cond Res ; 33(4): 1130-1145, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30913204

RESUMO

Hajizadeh Maleki, B, Tartibian, B, and Chehrazi, M. Effects of aerobic, resistance, and combined exercise on markers of male reproduction in healthy human subjects: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res 33(4): 1130-1145, 2019-The effects of moderate intensity treadmill exercise training (MI), resistance training (RT), and combined treadmill + resistance training (CT) on markers of male reproductive function including seminal markers of oxidative stress and inflammation, and semen quality and sperm DNA integrity were evaluated in healthy human subjects. A total of 376 healthy sedentary male volunteers (aged 25-40) were screened and 282 were randomized into 4 treatment groups: MI (n = 71), RT (n = 71), CT (n = 71), and nonexercise (NON-EX, n = 70) groups for an experimental period of 24 weeks. After the intervention, compared with the NON-EX group, all 3 MI, RT, and CT exercise modalities showed significantly reduced body mass, fat percent, waist circumference, reactive oxygen species, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor-α and improved maximal oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max), progressive motility, sperm morphology, sperm concentration and sperm DNA integrity, as indicated by a decrease of percentage of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated fluorescein-dUTP nick end labeling-positive sperm cells (p ≤ 0.05). Body mass index, semen volume, number of spermatozoa, superoxide dismutase, catalase, total antioxidant capacity, malondialdehyde, and 8-isoprostane improved significantly in the MI and CT groups (p ≤ 0.05) but not significantly in the RT group (p > 0.05). In summary, all 3 MI, RT, and CT interventions attenuate seminal markers of inflammation and oxidative stress and improve body composition, semen quality parameters, and sperm DNA integrity in the studied population. In respect to all the aspects studied, those men who took part in MI intervention had the best results. Considering the seminological parameters, however, CT had a synergistic effect and was superior over the other interventions used.


Assuntos
Exercício , Treinamento de Resistência , Análise do Sêmen , Adulto , Antioxidantes/análise , Biomarcadores/análise , Composição Corporal , Catalase/análise , Dinoprosta/análogos & derivados , Dinoprosta/análise , Humanos , Inflamação , Masculino , Malondialdeído/análise , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Sêmen/fisiologia , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Superóxido Dismutase/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
18.
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol ; 104: 128-132, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30878575

RESUMO

Radiation induced colitis is one the most common clinical issue for patients receiving radiotherapy. For this reason, we aimed to investigate the effect of antioxidant-effective flavonoids hesperidin and quercetin on the intestinal damage induced by radiation in this study. TNF-alpha, interleukin-10 (IL-10), heat shock protein 70 (HSP 70) and caspase 3, 8, 9 markers of apoptotic pathways were measured in the colon tissues of irradiated acute intestinal damage by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Irradiation of rats caused a significance increase of TNF-alpha, caspase 3/8/9 and decrease of IL-10 concentrations. Hesperidin and quercetin treatment resulted in decreased levels of TNF-alpha and increased levels of IL-10. Quercetin significantly decreased caspase 3/8/9 levels. Hesperidin produced a decreased of caspase 3/8/9 levels compared with irradiation group but this was statistically not significant. Only significant alteration of HSP 70 were seen in hesperidin treated rats. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanism by which flavonoids induced signaling provides protection against apoptosis and inflammation.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Colite/etiologia , Colite/prevenção & controle , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hesperidina/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Quercetina/farmacologia , Raios X/efeitos adversos , Animais , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Caspase 3/análise , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 9/análise , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Colite/metabolismo , Colo/metabolismo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Hesperidina/administração & dosagem , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Interleucina-10/análise , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Masculino , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Quercetina/administração & dosagem , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
19.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 1656-1662, 2019 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Bulleyaconitine A (BLA) has been widely used as analgesic against chronic inflammatory pain in China. However, its potential therapeutic role in asthma remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of BLA on airway inflammation in mice with allergic asthma. MATERIAL AND METHODS Specific-pathogen-free (SPF) female Balb/c mice were randomly divided into the following 6 groups: (1) Control group (NC), (2) Asthma group (AS), (3) BLA-L group, (4) BLA-M group, (5) BLA-H group, and (6) Dexamethasone group. An asthma mouse model was established by administration of ovalbumin (OVA) and mice were sacrificed within 24 h after the last challenge. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to determine the relative expression levels of IgE and IgG in mouse serum. In addition, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and IL-4, TNF-α, and MCP-1 levels were determined by ELISA. Furthermore, eosinophils, lymphocytes, and macrophages in BALF were classified and analyzed, and inflammatory cell infiltration in the airways of mice was determined by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The expression of NF-κB1 and PKC-δ in mouse lung tissue was determined by Western blot analysis. RESULTS The levels of serum IgE and IgG in BLA- or Dex- treated mice were significantly reduced compared to those in the asthma (AS) group (P<0.01), whereas the levels of cytokines IL-4, TNF-α, and MCP-1 were significantly decreased (P<0.01). HE-staining showed that BLA significantly reduced inflammatory cell infiltration and mucus secretion in lung tissue. Moreover, BLA inhibited the expression of NF-κB1 and PKC-d via the NF-κB signaling pathway in the lung. CONCLUSIONS Our data show that BLA activates PKC-δ/NF-κB to reduce airway inflammation in allergic asthma mice.


Assuntos
Aconitina/análogos & derivados , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Aconitina/farmacologia , Animais , Antiasmáticos/farmacologia , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Quimiocina CCL2/análise , China , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eosinófilos/metabolismo , Feminino , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-4/análise , Pulmão/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/análise , Ovalbumina/farmacologia , Proteína Quinase C-delta/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
20.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(2): 183-190, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ankaferd Blood Stopper (ABS) is a medicinal plant extract used topically as a hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant agent. Its cytoprotective effect mainly depends on its pleiotropic properties by modulating inflammatory mediators such as IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α. This study aims to test the possible therapeutic effect of ABS in the treatment of erosive and inflammatory conditions occurring in the uterine cervix. METHODS: Twenty-four female Wistar Albino rats were used in the present study. Trichloracetic acid was applied intravaginally to establish an experimental rat model of cervicitis. The rats were randomly divided into three groups: group I (injury), group II (injury+isotoinc saline), and group III (injury+ABS). After 3 estrous cycles of ABS and isotonic saline treatment, the amount of inflammation, vascular congestion and erosion were evaluated in the cervical tissues by using a modified semi-quantitative scale of 0-3. Immunohistochemical staining with monoclonal antibodies against IL-1ß was also performed. RESULTS: Compared with group I and II, the ABS group showed the least inflammatory cell infiltration, vascular congestion and cervical erosion, compared with the ABS group prominent IL-1ß staining observed in group I and group II. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that ABS is a highly effective alternative to induce normal cervical epithelium and can be used safely in the treatment of cervical inflammation with or without cervical erosion.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Cervicite Uterina/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Interleucina-6/análise , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise , Cervicite Uterina/patologia
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