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1.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 782-785, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594178

RESUMO

To explore the therapeutic effect of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for severe psoriasis. A patient, male, 36 years old, diagnosed as severe plaque psoriasis for 10 years and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) for 15 years, was administrated twice FMT via both upper endoscopy and colonoscopy with a 5-week interval. The following items were used to evaluate responses: body surface area (BSA), psoriasis area and severity index (PASI), dermatology life quality index (DLQI), histological examination, intestinal symptoms, adverse reactions and serum level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. After second FMT treatment for 5 weeks, aforementioned items were improved greatly compared with those before treatment. Moreover, IBS was completely relieved and no adverse reactions were observed during the treatment and follow-up. In conclusion, FMT could be a novel therapy for psoriasis. Further clinical trials are needed to provide solid evidences.


Assuntos
Transplante de Microbiota Fecal , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia , Psoríase/terapia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Adulto , Endoscopia , Transplante de Microbiota Fecal/tendências , Fezes/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Intestinos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/complicações , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/microbiologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/psicologia , Masculino , Psoríase/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(8): e201900805, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618405

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of sevoflurane preconditioning on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced pulmonary/hepatic injury. METHODS: Fifty-one Wistar rats were randomly grouped into sham, I/R, and sevoflurane groups. After reperfusion, the structural change of the lung was measured by Smith score, the wet and dry weights (W/D) were determined, malondialdehyde (MDA) myeloperoxidase (MPO) content was determined colorimetrically and by fluorescence, respectively, and matrix metalloprotein-9 (MMP-9) mRNA was quantified by RT-PCR. Biopsy and morphological analyses were performed on liver tissue, activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were determined, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) level was determined. RESULTS: The sham group showed no changes in tissue structure. Structural lesions in the sevoflurane and I/R groups were mild and severe, respectively. Smith score, W/D, MDA, MPO, and MMP mRNA showed the same trend, and were increased in the I/R group and recovered in the sevoflurane group, compared with the sham group (both P<0.05). AST and ALT were significantly increased compared to the sham group (AST: 655±52.06 vs . 29±9.30 U/L; ALT: 693±75.56 vs . 37±6.71 U/L; P<0.05). In the sevoflurane group, AST and ALT levels were significantly decreased (464±47.71 and 516±78.84 U/L; P<0.001). TNF-α presented similar results. CONCLUSION: The protection of lung and liver by sevoflurane may be mediated by inhibited leukocyte recruitment and MMP-9 secretion.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Inalatórios/uso terapêutico , Precondicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Sevoflurano/uso terapêutico , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Isquemia/prevenção & controle , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/análise , Peroxidase/análise , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17315, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568018

RESUMO

Early differential diagnosis of bloodstream infections (BSIs) caused by different sources and species of bacteria in hospitalized patients is crucial for the timely targeted interventions including appropriate use of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to identify 9 biomarkers for the early differentiation of gram-negative-bloodstream infection (GN-BSI), gram-positive (GP)-BSI, and fungal-BSI.A prospective study was conducted for a total of 390 inpatients who underwent blood culture in the Chinese PLA General Hospital from September 2015 to March 2018. Patients with positive culture of a single pathogen were divided into GN-BSI, GP-BSI, and Fungal-BSI groups, and a culture-negative disease control group was also established. The serum levels of macrophage inflammatory protein 1ß (MIP-1ß), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-3, interferon (IFN)-γ, IL-17A, IL-4, IL-12p70, and P-selectin were detected and the NLR was calculated from routine blood test. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis was used to determine the efficacy of various indicators in the differential diagnosis of BSIs. Prediction and validation experiments on clinical patient samples (263 cases) were also performed.The level of IL-3 in the GP-BSI group was significantly higher than those in the other 3 groups. The level of IFN-γ in the fungal-BSI group was significantly higher than those in the other 3 groups. NLR, MIP-1ß, TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL3 exhibited some efficacy when distinguishing between GN-BSI and GP-BSI and NLR had the largest area under curve (AUC) (0.728), followed by MIP-1ß with an AUC of 0.679. IFN-γ and IL-3 exhibited some value in differential diagnosis between GN-BSI and Fungal-BSI. IL-3, MIP-1ß, TNF-α, IFN-γ, NLR, IL-17A, and IL-4 exhibited some value in distinguishing fungal-BSI and GP-BSI, with IL-3 had the largest AUC (0.722), followed by MIP-1ß with an AUC of 0.703.NLR and MIP-1ß may be valuable in differentiating GN-BSI from GP-BSI in hospitalized patients. IFN-γ and IL-3 may be helpful in differential diagnosis GN-BSI and fungal-BSI. IL-3 and MIP-1ß exhibited some diagnostic efficacy in distinguishing fungal-BSI and GP-BSI. Additionally, IL-3 with high serum level may be a marker for GP-BSI and IFN-γ with high serum level may be a valuable marker for the prediction of Fungal-BSI. The utility of these biomarkers to predict BSIs owing to different pathogens in hospitalized patients needs to be assessed in further studies.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Quimiocina CCL4/sangue , Infecção Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/diagnóstico , Interferon gama/sangue , Interleucina-12/sangue , Interleucina-17/sangue , Interleucina-3/sangue , Interleucina-4/sangue , Micoses/diagnóstico , Proteínas NLR/sangue , Selectina-P/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Bacteriemia/sangue , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecção Hospitalar/sangue , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/sangue , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/microbiologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/sangue , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/sangue , Micoses/microbiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17416, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626097

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the clinical value of haptoglobin (Hp) and sCD163 testing for the differential diagnosis of pleural effusion, and investigate the correlation of Hp and sCD163 with the inflammatory response of the body.Pleural effusion samples were collected from 78 patients (38 tuberculous pleural effusions [TPE] and 40 malignant pleural effusions [MPE]). The concentrations of Hp and sCD163 in the pleural effusion were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).The concentrations of Hp and sCD163 were significantly higher in the TPE group than in the MPE group (P < .05). The sensitivity and specificity of the Hp test for the differential diagnosis of TPE and MPE was 82.4% and 86.1%, respectively (P < .01), while the cut off value was 779.05 ug/mL. Furthermore, the sensitivity and specificity of the sCD163 test for the differential diagnosis of TPE and MPE was 76.3% and 85.0%, respectively (P < .01), while the cut off value was 16,401.11 ng/mL. Moreover, the sensitivity and specificity of the combination of Hp and sCD163 tests for diagnosing TPE was 90.0% and 87.5%, respectively. Hp and IL-1ß, TNF-α, CRP and ESR were positively correlated in both the TPE group and MPE group (P < .05). Hp and sCD163 were positively correlated in the TPE group (r = 0.3735, P = .0209), but not in the MPE group (r = 0.22, P = .1684). However, there was no correlation between sCD163 and TNF-α, CRP and ESR in either the TPE group, or the MPE group (P > .05). Furthermore, sCD163 and IL-1ß were weakly correlated in the TPE group (r = 0.49, P = .0018), but these had no correlation in the MPE group (r = 0.068, P = .6767).Hp and sCD163 can be used as biological markers for the differential diagnosis of pleural effusion in clinic, and the level of Hp in pleural effusion may reflect the intensity of inflammation in the body to some extent.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/sangue , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/sangue , Haptoglobinas/análise , Derrame Pleural Maligno/diagnóstico , Receptores de Superfície Celular/sangue , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural Maligno/sangue , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
5.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(8): 1061-1066, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531602

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the potential association of foot pain and plasmatic adipocytes as physiological biomarkers of childhood obesity with the incidence of flatfoot in a cohort of Egyptian school children aged 6 -12 years. METHODS: A total of 550 Egyptian schoolchildren (220 boys and 330 girls) aged 6-12 years were randomly invited to participate in this descriptive survey analysis. For all children, we assessed the diagnosis and severity of flatfoot as well as plasma adipocytes, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, and TNF-α, using the Dennis method and immunoassay techniques respectively. Foot pain was assessed by using a standard VAS of 100 mm and Faces Pain Scale, respectively. RESULTS: Flat foot was predicted in 30.4% of school-age children, most of them showed a higher frequency of overweight (33.3%) and obesity (62.5%). Boys showed higher ranges of flat foot than girls. Foot pain significantly correlated with flat foot and obesity among the studied populations. In overweight-obese children, plasmatic adipocyte variables, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, TNF-α showed significant correlations with foot stance, especially in boys. Also, the studied adipocyte variables along with BMI, age, gender explained about~65% of the variance of flatfoot with pain among our school-age students. CONCLUSION: Foot pain showed an association with flat foot and childhood obesity in 30.4% of school-age students (6-12 years). Foot pain was shown to correlate positively with the incidence of flat foot and changes in adiposity markers, as well as adiponectin, leptin, resistin, Il-6, TNF-α.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/química , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pé Chato/sangue , Obesidade/sangue , Dor/sangue , Adiponectina/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Pé Chato/complicações , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Dor/etiologia , Medição da Dor , Resistina/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495108

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the protective effect of oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs) in paraquat-exposed mice. Methods: An acute lung injury model was established by a single intraperitoneal injection of paraquat (PQ) in BALB/c mice. The mice were randomized into control group, paraquat-exposed group (PQ group) , oligomeric proanthocyanidins group (OPCs group) , and paraquat and oligomeric proanthocyanidins-exposed group (PQ+OPCs group) , with 10 mice in each group. Only normal saline was intraperitoneally injected into the mice in the control group. The mice in the PQ group were divided into 8 subgroups according to the dose of poison administered, i.e., 0, 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, and 300 mg/kg; the mice in each subgroup were given a single intraperitoneal injection of PQ and were observed and recorded for death at 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 84, and 96 hours after PQ injection. Origin 8.0 was used to calculate the median lethal dose (LD(50)) of the mice at 24, 36, 48, and 60 hours after PQ injection, and the PQ dose (100 mg/kg, ip) was chosen based on the accumulated mortality rate. An OPCs-treated experimental model was established by an intraperitoneal injection of OPCs followed by a single PQ injection (100 mg/kg, ip) 1 hour later to observe the effects of OPCs on the apparent poisoning effect and fatality rate in PQ-induced mice. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the effect of OPCs on PQ-induced lung tissue lesions. The peripheral blood samples of the mice were collected to determine the effects of OPCs on PQ-induced inflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) , interleukine-1ß (IL-1ß) , and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: The mortality rate was significantly correlated with the dose and exposure time in PQ-exposed mice; the mortality rate gradually increased with increasing dose and exposure time of the poison (P<0.05) . The LD(50) values for the mice were 216.67, 124.11, and 71.24 mg/kg at 24, 48, and 72 hours after PQ exposure, respectively. PQ could induce animal death at 12 hours after injection, and the mortality rate of the animals was 40% (4/10) at 48 hours after PQ exposure. The PQ-induced mortality rate of the mice in the PQ+OPCs group was reduced, and the mortality rate of the animals was 10% (1/10) at 48 hours after PQ exposure. Compared with treatment in the control group, OPCs exposure alone had no significant effect on the expression of TNF-α and TGF-ß1 in the peripheral blood (P>0.05) , but it significantly inhibited the expression of IL-1ß (P<0.05) . After 48 hours, the expression of TNF-α, TGF-ß1, and IL-1ß in peripheral blood significantly increased by 39%, 45%, and 38%, respectively, in the PQ group (P<0.05) , but they significantly decreased by 31%, 13%, and 22%, respectively, in the OPCs+PQ group as compared with the PQ group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: OPCs pretreatment can significantly alleviate PQ-induced poisoning effect.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Paraquat/toxicidade , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Animais , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Distribuição Aleatória , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
7.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(8): 989-993, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537225

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of reinfusion of the remaining blood filtered by leukocyte depletion filter on postoperative cellular immune function after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Forty patients who underwent selective cardiac valve replacement surgery with CPB in department of anesthesiology of Haikou Municipal Hospital from January to June in 2018 were enrolled. All the patients were divided into the control group and experimental group according to the random number table method, with 20 patients in each group. In the experimental group, patients received residual pump blood transfusion which had been filtered by leukocyte depletion filter and stored in sterile blood collection bags. In the control group, patients received residual pump blood transfusion which was stored in sterile blood collection bags without being filtered. The remaining blood was reinfused after CPB in two groups. Blood samples were taken before CPB (T1), 2 hours following CPB (T2), and 1, 3, 5 days after reinfusion of the remaining blood (T3, T4, T5), the levels of T lymphocyte subsets CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and natural killer cells (NK cells) were detected by flow cytometer, and CD4+/CD8+ ratio was calculated. The levels of plasma tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukins (IL-2, IL-6, IL-8) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent essay (ELISA). The duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, the length of hospital stay, and incidence of wound and pulmonary infection after surgery were compared between two groups. RESULTS: Among 40 patients, there were 22 males and 18 females; with an age of (47.88±12.29) years old; and with 25 cases of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status II, and 15 cases of ASA III. There was no statistical difference in the volume of the remaining blood between the two groups (mL: 959.00±116.84 vs. 971.50±115.68, P > 0.05). Compared with T1, the levels of T lymphocyte subsets CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, NK cells and plasma levels of IL-2 were significantly decreased from T2, the CD4+/CD8+ ratio was significantly decreased from T3 in two groups, but there was no statistical difference in CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, NK cells, CD4+/CD8+ ratio or plasma level of IL-2 at each time between the two groups. Compared with T1, the plasma levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 were significantly increased at T2 in two groups and then decreased gradually. The plasma levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 from T3 in experimental group were lower than those in control group [TNF-α (ng/L): 28.49±4.66 vs. 33.82±4.30, IL-6 (ng/L): 25.98±4.51 vs. 31.38±5.42, IL-8 (ng/L): 38.98±4.67 vs. 45.76±5.33, all P < 0.05], they restored to the level of T1 at T5. In addition, compared with control group, the duration of mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay in experimental group were significantly decreased (hours: 8.07±1.30 vs. 9.16±1.52, 28.22±2.78 vs. 31.25±3.18, both P < 0.05), and there was no statistical difference in the length of hospital stay (days: 20.65±2.76 vs. 22.45±3.22), incidence of wound and pulmonary infection (25.0% vs. 15.0%, 5.0% vs. 15.0%) between the two groups (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Reinfusion of the remaining blood filtered by leukocyte depletion filtercan inhibit inflammatory responses and don't affect the function of cellular immunity, and don't increase the incidence of infection.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
8.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(8): 994-997, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537226

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish septic myocardial inhibition rat model by echocardiography. METHODS: Twenty adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into control group and model group according to the random number table method, with 10 rats in each group. The rat model of septic myocardial inhibition was reproduced by intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide, while the control group was given the same volume of saline. The left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDd), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVDs), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), right ventricular end-diastolic diameter (RVDd), right ventricular end-systolic diameter (RVDs), heart rate (HR), positive pulmonary artery flow rate and aortic flow rate were measured at 8 hours after model establishment by echocardiography. Then the rats were sacrificed to harvest serum and myocardial tissue. The levels of serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), nuclear factor-ΚB (NF-ΚB), interleukin-1 (IL-1), cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and B-type brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-1 and NF-ΚB in myocardium were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR). The pathological changes of myocardium were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining under light microscope. RESULTS: Compared with control group, myocardial inhibition was obviously observed in model group, manifesting as enlargement of overall shape of heart, and prominent increase of HR (bpm: 449.0±21.1 vs. 356.7±23.3, P < 0.01); left ventricular and right ventricular functions were affected, LVDd, LVDs, LVEDV, LVESV were enlarged [LVDd (mm): 10.03±0.95 vs. 7.04±0.71, LVDs (mm): 5.95±0.71 vs. 3.07±0.05, LVEDV (mL): 2.11±0.53 vs. 0.81±0.21, LVESV (mL): 0.51±0.16 vs. 0.07±0.01, all P < 0.05], LVEF was significantly decreased (0.760±0.046 vs. 0.901±0.025, P < 0.01), RVDd was significantly increased (mm: 4.48±0.58 vs. 3.22±0.20, P < 0.05), and positive pulmonary artery velocity was significantly decreased (cm/s: 64.2±9.3 vs. 89.0±0.8, P < 0.05). Compared with control group, the levels of serum NF-ΚB, TNF-α, IL-1, BNP and cTnI in model group were significantly increased [NF-ΚB (ng/L): 103.84±6.55 vs. 57.29±41.34, TNF-α (ng/L): 1 198.32±164.07 vs. 835.45±24.01, IL-1 (ng/L): 1 089.90±221.96 vs. 746.19±165.83, BNP (ng/L): 1 097.36±293.84 vs. 454.71±197.79, cTnI (ng/L): 6 938.59±1 400.21 vs. 3 731.90±1 349.31, all P < 0.01], the mRNA expressions of TNF-α, NF-ΚB and IL-1 in myocardial tissue were significantly increased (2-ΔΔCT: 1.50±0.42 vs. 0.71±0.40, 1.10±0.17 vs. 0.63±0.06, 1.77±0.67 vs. 0.10±0.03, all P < 0.05). It was shown by HE staining that the structure of myocardial tissue in control group was distinct, the arrangement of myocardial fibers was neat, and transverse was clear; the structure of myocardial tissue in model group was loose, blurred, and the cells were swollen, with obvious pathological changes. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography, expression of inflammatory factors, myocardial markers and pathological changes. It was verified that intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg endotoxin could successfully prepare a rat model of septic myocardial inhibition.


Assuntos
Endotoxinas/toxicidade , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Modelos Animais , Miocárdio , Animais , Masculino , NF-kappa B , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
9.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(7): 435-442, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408597

RESUMO

In response to inflammation there appear «reactants of acute phase¼ which are nonspecific but they can show the disease gravity and prognosis. The markers of the acute phase are: C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), neopterin (NP), presepsin (PSP), necrosis tumor factor α (NTF-α), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), the total amount of leucocytes, neutrophils, protein fractions (α, ß2, γ-globulins), IgM. CRP concentrations rise in the presence of bacterial infections and they are significanly higher in the positive blood cultures than in the contamination or negative ones. PCT levels grow in case of gram-negative bacteremia, but the levels are normal in case of coagulase-negative staphylococci bacteremia. PCT levels are more helpful here than CRP levels with suspected bacteremia. NP levels rise in patients with bacteremia. In the presence of infection, PSP becomes more active than CRP and PCT, and PSP sensitivity is 91,4% in patients with sepsis. Patients with infectious endocarditis have high levels of NTF-α in case of staphylococci infection in blood but the levels of NTF-α are low with enterococci and corynebacterium bloodstream infection. In case of inflammation the acute phase protein level changes are infection markers including bloodstream infection but they are not specific for determining any bacteremia aetiology.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Receptores de Lipopolissacarídeos/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
10.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(9): e8392, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411315

RESUMO

The term inflammaging is now widely used to designate the inflammatory process of natural aging. During this process, cytokine balance is altered, presumably due to the loss of homeostasis, thus contributing to a greater predisposition to disease and exacerbation of chronic diseases. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between pro-inflammatory markers and age in the natural aging process of healthy individuals. One hundred and ten subjects were divided into 5 groups according to age (22 subjects/group). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were quantified using the ELISA method. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) was analyzed by turbidimetry according to laboratory procedures. The main findings of this study were: a positive correlation between hsCRP and IL-6 as a function of age (110 subjects); women showed stronger correlations; the 51-60 age group had the highest values for hsCRP and IL-6; women presented higher values for hsCRP in the 51-60 age group and higher values for IL-6 in the 61-70 age group; and men showed higher values in the 51-60 age group for hsCRP and IL-6. In conclusion, the natural aging process increased IL-6 and hsCRP levels, which is consistent with the inflammaging theory; however, women presented stronger correlations compared to men (IL-6 and hsCRP) and the 51-60 age range seems to be a key point for these increases. These findings are important because they indicate that early preventive measures may minimize the increase in these inflammatory markers in natural human aging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Imunossenescência/fisiologia , Inflamação/sangue , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Adulto Jovem
11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 698, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogen, but since it also belongs to the normal fungal flora, positive sputum culture as the solely basis for the diagnosis of invasive Candida albicans pneumonia can easily lead to excessive antifungal therapy. Therefore, identification of a pneumonia biomarker might improve diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: A rabbit model was established by inoculating 5 × 107 cfu/mL C. albicans into the trachea of 20 rabbits with 20 rabbits as control group. Infection was monitored by chest thin-layer computed tomography (CT). 2 mL blood samples were collected daily during each infection and serum levels of potential biomarkers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Seven-day post-inoculation the rabbits were sacrificed by CO2 asphyxiation and lung tissue was histopathologically examined and blood was brought to culture. Data were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Infection became evident as early as day 3 post-inoculation. The levels of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1), soluble hemoglobin-haptoglobin scavenger receptor (sCD163), procalcitonin (PCT) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were elevated in the experimental group compared to the control (P < 0.01), whereas the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8 and IL-10 showed no significant differences (P > 0.05). The dynamic curves of the levels of CRP, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, SCD163 and TNF-α in both groups demonstrated a similar trend during infection but differences between the groups was observed only in the sTREM-1 levels. Receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis showed that the sensitivity and specificity were 85 and 80% for sTREM-1 (cut-off value: 45.88 pg/mL) and 80 and 75% for SCD163 (cut-off value: 16.44 U/mL), respectively. The values of the area under the ROC curve (AUCROC) of sTREM-1 and SCD163 were 0.882 (95% CI: 0.922-0.976) and 0.814 (95% CI: 0.678-0.950), respectively. Other markers did not exhibit significant differences. CONCLUSION: sTREM-1 and SCD163 might be suitable biomarkers for pneumonia.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/sangue , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pneumonia/sangue , Receptores de Superfície Celular/sangue , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides/sangue , Animais , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Candida albicans/patogenicidade , Candidíase/sangue , Candidíase/microbiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Pneumonia/microbiologia , Curva ROC , Coelhos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
12.
J Immunoassay Immunochem ; 40(5): 540-554, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366272

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune and progressive disease. Evidence indicates that inflammatory mediators may contribute to the genesis and/or evolution of this clinical condition. Thus, the objective was to evaluate and compare the plasma levels of Interleukin-17 (IL-17), Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNF-α) and Complement 3 (C3) in women with RA and healthy controls (HC), as well as to evaluate the association them with the disease activity. 25 women with RA and 15 HC were recruited. Plasma levels of biomarkers were measured by ELISA. All statistical analyzes were performed with a significance level set at α = 0.05. In the women with RA, the median age was 55 and, in the HC, was 50 years. The median value of DAS-28 was 3.79. The plasma levels of IL-17 (p = .03), TNF-α (p ≤ 0.01) and C3 (p ≤ 0.01) were higher in women with RA. The ROC curve showed that TNF- α has a higher discriminating ability than IL-17 and C3. DAS-28 score correlated significantly with C3 levels in women with RA (r = 0.91; p < .01). These findings reaffirm the participation of the immune system in pathophysiology of RA, suggest that TNF-α levels may be a good biomarker and that elevated C3 levels contribute to the worsening of the disease.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Complemento C3/análise , Inflamação/sangue , Interleucina-17/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16744, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415369

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis, but the association of miRNAs single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and sepsis risk is not clear. We analyzed plasma levels of miR-187, miR-21, and miR-145 in 180 patients with sepsis and 180 healthy controls were analyzed, and the SNPs: rs12605436, rs13137, and rs353291 were detected by sequencing. Plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 were measured in all subjects by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results showed that the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma of patients with sepsis were significantly higher than those in patients of the control group (P < .0001). Plasma levels of miR-187 in patients with sepsis were significantly lower than those in the control group, while those of miR-21 and miR-145 were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < .0001). Plasma levels of miR-187 in sepsis patients were inversely correlated with those of TNF-α and IL-6 (r = -0.2841, -0.2163), and plasma levels of miR-21 and miR-145 were positively correlated with those of TNF-α and IL-6 (r = 0.615, 0.3057, 0.4465, 0.2734). The T allele of the miR-187 SNP rs12605436 was found to be a risk factor for sepsis (OR = 1.403, 95% CI = 1.205-1.612, P < .001). The T allele of the miR-21 SNP rs13137 and the T allele of the miR-145 SNP rs353291 (OR = 0.685, 95% CI = 0.566-0.820, P < .001) were found to be a protective factor for sepsis (OR = 0.755, 95% CI = 0.632-0.896, P < .001). From our results, we can see that the plasma levels of miRNAs containing the SNPs rs12605436, rs13137, and rs353291 are associated with the occurrence of sepsis.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , MicroRNAs/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Sepse/genética , APACHE , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
14.
BMC Neurol ; 19(1): 148, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Almost 40% of stroke patients have a poor outcome at 3 months after the index event. Predictors for stroke outcome in the early acute phase may help to tailor stroke treatment. Infection and inflammation are considered to influence stroke outcome. METHODS: In a prospective multicenter study in Germany and Spain, including 486 patients with acute ischemic stroke, we used multivariable regression analysis to investigate the association of poor outcome with monocytic HLA-DR (mHLA-DR) expression, interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) as markers for immunodepression, inflammation and infection. Outcome was assessed at 3 months after stroke via a structured telephone interview using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Poor outcome was defined as a mRS score of 3 or higher which included death. Furthermore, a time-to-event analysis for death within 3 months was performed. RESULTS: Three-month outcome data was available for 391 patients. Female sex, older age, diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation, stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) and higher National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score as well as lower mHLA-DR levels, higher IL-6 and LBP-levels at day 1 were associated with poor outcome at 3 months in bivariate analysis. Furthermore, multivariable analysis revealed that lower mHLA-DR expression was associated with poor outcome. Female sex, older age, atrial fibrillation, SAP, higher NIHSS score, lower mHLA-DR expression and higher IL-6 levels were associated with shorter survival time in bivariate analysis. In multivariable analysis, SAP and higher IL-6 levels on day 1 were associated with shorter survival time. CONCLUSIONS: SAP, lower mHLA-DR-expression and higher IL-6 levels on day one are associated with poor outcome and shorter survival time at 3 months after stroke onset. TRIAL REGISTRATION: www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01079728 , March 3, 2010.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/imunologia , Antígenos HLA-DR/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Pneumonia/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/imunologia , Proteínas da Fase Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Biomarcadores/sangue , Isquemia Encefálica/sangue , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Proteínas de Transporte/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Tolerância Imunológica , Inflamação/complicações , Interleucina-10/sangue , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Espanha , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
15.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(3): 193-198, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the vascular damage effects and possible mechanism of acute exposure to ozone (O3) in male Wistar rats. METHODS: One hundred and twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups, 20 in each group. The experimental animals were placed in a gas poisoning cabinet, the control group was exposed to filtered air, and the treatment group was exposed to ozone at concentrations of 0.12 ppm, 0.5 ppm, 1.0 ppm, 2.0 ppm, and 4.0 ppm, respectively, for 4 hours. Arterial blood pressure data were obtained by PC-lab medical physiological signal acquisition system. Blood rheology indicators and blood biochemical indicators were detected by Tianjin Dean Diagnostic Laboratory. Serum endothelin-1 (ET-1), homocysteine (HCY), von Willebrand factor (vWF), 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OhdG), interleukin (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) microplate assay. Oxidative stress indicators superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) were determined by xanthine oxidase method, thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method, reduced glutathione (GSH) and nitric oxide (NO) were tested by using microplate colorimetry. Paraffin sections were prepared from thoracic aorta tissue, and vascular structure was observed by HE staining. RESULTS: Acute exposure to 0.12 ppm ozone could cause a significant increase in arterial systolic blood pressure (SBP). Exposure to different concentrations of ozone could cause a significant increase in plasma viscosity, and the K value of the ESR equation was significantly increased in the 1.0 ppm ozone exposure group. Both the relative and reduced viscosities were significantly reduced at ozone concentrations of 0.5 ppm and 4.0 ppm, while the red blood cell deformation index was increased significantly at ozone concentrations of 0.12 ppm, 0.5 ppm, 1.0 ppm, and 2.0 ppm. Acute ozone exposure resulted in the decrease of total cholesterol content. The content of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was significantly reduced in the 0.12 ppm ozone exposure group. When the ozone concentration was higher than 1.0 ppm, the body may also had an inflammatory reaction (increased TNF-α) and oxidative stress (increased MDA, decreased GSH). Acute exposure to ozone could lead to elevated levels of ET-1 in the blood, with significant differences in the 4.0 ppm concentration group, while HCY levels were decreased firstly and then increased, reaching the highest in the 1.0 ppm concentration group. No obvious pathological changes were observed in the thoracic aorta. CONCLUSION: Acute ozone exposure can affect arterial blood pressure, blood rheology and cholesterol metabolism in rats. The possible mechanism is that ozone exposure leads to inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress reaction, causing vascular endothelial function damage, and vascular endothelial cells increase with ozone exposure concentration.


Assuntos
Vasos Sanguíneos/lesões , Estresse Oxidativo , Ozônio/toxicidade , Animais , Desoxiguanosina/análogos & derivados , Desoxiguanosina/sangue , Endotelina-1/sangue , Homocisteína/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Malondialdeído/análise , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Superóxido Dismutase/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Fator de von Willebrand/análise
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16029, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To study the occurrence and prognosis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TNF-α rs1800629, IL-6 rs1800796, and MyD88 rs7744 loci in the TLR4/NF-κB pathway. METHODS: Genotypes were analyzed for TNF-α rs1800629, IL-6 rs1800796, and MyD88 rs7744 loci. Plasma TNF-α and IL-6 levels and MyD88 mRNA expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 300 ARDS patients and 300 non-ARDS patients (control group) were examined. The patients were followed up for 60 days, and the prognosis outcome was recorded. RESULTS: The TNF-α rs1800629 locus A allele and the IL-6 rs1800796 locus G allele were found to be risk factors for ARDS (adjusted OR = 1.452, 95% CI: 1.211-1.689, P < .001 and adjusted OR = 1.205, 95% CI: 1.058-1.358, P = .005, respectively). The G allele at MyD88 rs7744 locus was a protective factor against ARDS (adjusted OR = 0.748, 95% CI: 0.631-0.876, P < .001). Compared with the other groups, homozygotes for TNF-α rs1800629, IL-6 rs1800796, and MyD88 rs7744 loci had higher expression levels, of which homozygotes for TNF-α rs1800629 and IL-6 rs1800796 loci had lower 60-day survival rates, while MyD88 rs7744 locus homozygotes had a higher 60-day survival rate. CONCLUSION: The effect of TNF-α rs1800629, IL-6 rs1800796, and MyD88 rs7744 SNPs on gene expression level is a likely cause of ARDS occurrence and poor prognosis.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-6/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/sangue , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , NF-kappa B/sangue , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/sangue , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/sangue , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/mortalidade , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
17.
Acta Gastroenterol Belg ; 82(2): 285-290, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Intestinal barrier dysfunction has been implicated in the development of infectious complications of acute pancreatitis. Nucleotide-Binding Oligomerization DomainContaining Protein 2 (NOD2) plays an important role in the proper functioning of intestinal defense mechanisms. Here, we investigated the frequency of NOD2 variants in patients with mild and severe acute pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Groups 1, 2 and 3 comprised healthy participants and patients with mild and severe pancreatitis, respectively. Four NOD2 variants and serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), Tumor Necrosis Factor-a (TNF-a) and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) levels were analyzed. RESULTS: Three patients (3/32, 9.4%) in the severe pancreatitis group were positive for the p.R702W variant. This variant was negative in other groups. One, three and three patients in the healthy (1/27, 3.7%), mild (3/36, 8.3%) and severe pancreatitis (3/32, 9.4%) groups tested positive for the 1007fs variant, respectively. No significant differences in the frequencies of NOD2 variants were evident among the groups. Serum IL-6, TNF-a and LBP levels were markedly higher in the severe pancreatitis than the healthy and mild pancreatitis groups (all p<0.001). We observed no significant correlation between cytokine levels and NOD2 variants. CONCLUSION: Our results support an association between the presence of the p.R702W variant and severe pancreatitis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/sangue , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/metabolismo , Pancreatite/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Doença Aguda , Proteínas da Fase Aguda/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Intestinos , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Nucleotídeos , Pancreatite/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
18.
Egypt J Immunol ; 26(1): 101-112, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333000

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease affecting all organ systems due to alterations of both innate and adaptive immune systems. Given the importance of several factors that may be incriminated in deregulation of immune system in SLE, we aimed to study MTNR1ß gene polymorphisms rs10830963 C/G, serum levels of melatonin and pro-inflammatory cytokines; TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß in SLE patients and the correlation of these parameters to SLE disease activity and damage index at time of study. Subjects were subdivided into 2 groups: group I: 40 SLE patients attending Alexandria main university hospital and outpatient clinic, and group II: 40 control cases of apparently healthy individuals matched for age and sex. For all cases, MTNR1ß gene polymorphism rs10830963 was analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR, serum levels of melatonin, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß were detected by ELISA. Activity index (SLEDAI) and damage index (SLEDDI) were assessed in SLE patients. MTNR1ß gene polymorphism rs10830963 genotype in SLE patients showed that 50% had GG, 35% CG and 15% CC. The control group had significantly lower ratios, 5% had GG, 15% CG and 80% CC (P < 0.001). Serum melatonin level was decreased in SLE patients (P < 0.001). Serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß were increased in SLE patients compared to controls (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001 respectively). There was no correlation between serum melatonin level, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß with SLEDAI or SLEDDI. In conclusion, MTNR1ß gene polymorphism rs10830963 G allele may contribute in SLE pathogenesis. Inflammatory cytokines; TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß may have role in SLE disease manifestations. Targeting immunoregulators as melatonin and proinflammatory cytokines in SLE treatment strategy can be a promising way to SLE cure.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Melatonina/sangue , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptor MT2 de Melatonina/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Egito , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
19.
Life Sci ; 231: 116570, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207307

RESUMO

AIMS: Systemic inflammation is a main hallmark of chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the underlying mechanisms of pathogenesis of CKD-associated systemic inflammation is unclear. Current study was designed to investigate the relationship between indoxyl sulphate (IS) and CKD-associated systemic inflammation along with the protective effects of Klotho in CKD. METHODS: IS serum levels from patients were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and Serum Klotho, IL-6 and TNF-α were measured separately by ELISA and Real-Time PCR analysis. Monocytes were incubated with or without Klotho, while the expressions of retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) and NF-κB were analyzed through Western blot assay. Heterozygous kl/kl (kl/+) mice or WT mice were treated with 5/6 renal damage. Thereafter, the CKD mice were intraperitoneally injected with recombinant Klotho protein or PBS. KEY FINDINGS: It shows that in 286 CKD patients, the serum levels of inflammatory factors were positively related with IS, but negatively related with Klotho. Klotho significantly inhibited IS-induced RIG-I/NF-κB activation and productions of both IL-6 and TNF-α in cultured monocytes. In vivo, along with the increase of IS and decrease of Klotho in the serum, the activation of RIG-I/NF-κB signaling was observed in peripheral blood monocytes in both CKD mice and patients. Notably, higher levels of IL-6 and TNF-α were detected in kl+/- mice given CKD. Klotho administration has evidently attenuated RIG-I/NF-κB activation in monocytes and systemic inflammation in CKD mice. SIGNIFICANCE: The findings suggest that Klotho can suppress CKD-associated systemic inflammation through inhibiting IS-induced RIG-1/NF-κB activation and monocyte inflammatory factor release.


Assuntos
Proteína DEAD-box 58/sangue , Glucuronidase/farmacologia , Indicã/sangue , Monócitos/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Uremia/sangue , Adulto , Animais , Western Blotting , Feminino , Glucuronidase/sangue , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-6/sangue , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/patologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Células THP-1 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Uremia/patologia
20.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(3): 745-752, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184101

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the effect of Sca-1+ bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) on lung ischemia reperfusion injury in mice. Five healthy Sprague-Dawley rats were selected to isolate and purify their Sca-1+ BMSCs using a Sca-1+ magnetic sorting kit in conjunction with whole bone marrow culture. In addition, 21 male C57BL/6J mice were divided into 3 groups (7 mice in each group), namely sham group (group A), I/R group (group B) and BMSCs group (group C). A pulmonary ischemia reperfusion injury model was established by ligating the left pulmonary portal vessel for 60 min and reperfusion for 240 min, after which the right pulmonary portal vessel was blocked to measure arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2). Subsequently, the mice were sacrificed to determine their superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in the lung tissue. The histological changes were observed by light microscopy, while an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the changes in plasma expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the mice. In addition, plasma expressions of TNF-α and B-cell lymphoma-2 (bcl-2) in the mice were detected by immunohistochemistry, while the apoptosis of transplanted lung cells was detected by a TdT-mediated dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL) method. Compared with group A, group B showed a decreased level of PaO2 and SOD activity but an increased level of MDA content and MPO activity (P less than 0.01), indicating that group B had significant ischemia reperfusion injury compared to group A. In conclusion, BMSCs significantly reduced lung ischemia-reperfusion injury and improved lung function through their anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptosis properties.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/terapia , Animais , Apoptose , Interleucina-10/sangue , Pulmão , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/sangue , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
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