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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052588

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the level and influence factors of inflammatory factors among electrical workers in Hainan Province. Methods: A total of 509 electrical workers were selected as the research subjects with random cluster sampling in September 2020. Basic information was collected by questionnaire, the serum IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α levels of the subjects were detected by Luminex.Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-wallis H test were used for univariate analysis. Ordinal logistic regression analysis was used for potential influencing factors of the level of inflammatory factors. Results: The median concentrations of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α in serum were 2.78, 9.77 and 8.18 pg/ml. Compared with women, male was a risk factor for the increase of IL-6 levels (OR=1.80, 95%CI: 1.08~3.00, P=0.024) . Compared with 51-60 years old, 21-31 years old (OR=0.27, 95%CI: 0.18~0.42, P<0.001) , 31-41 years old (OR=0.27, 95%CI: 0.17~0.43, P<0.001) and 41-51 years old (OR=0.64, 95%CI: 0.41~0.99, P=0.043) were protective factors for the increase of IL-8 level. Compared with day shift workers, shift work was a risk factor for the increase of IL-8 level (OR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.21~2.48, P=0.003) . Compared with women, male was a risk factor for the increase of TNF-α levels (OR=2.87, 95%CI: 1.70~4.86, P<0.001) . Compared with workers who exposed to 7 or more occupational hazard factors, exposed to 1~3 (OR=0.53, 95%CI: 0.30~0.92, P=0.024) occupational hazard factors were protective factors for the increase of TNF-α levels. Conclusion: The level of inflammatory factors was related to sex, age, work system and occupational environment, which can provide basic data for follow-up research on occupational population.


Assuntos
Interleucina-6 , Interleucina-8 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-8/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição Ocupacional , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Adulto Jovem
2.
Cytokine ; 158: 156006, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36044827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a global health challenge associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Detrimental sepsis effects are attributed to excessive inflammation or a "cytokine storm." However, anti-inflammation therapies have failed to lower sepsis mortality. We aim to characterize levels of key inflammatory cytokines in patients with sepsis and compare levels with those in healthy individuals and relate tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α levels to patient characteristics and outcomes. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science Core Collection databases were searched between 1985 and May 2020. Analysis was restricted to studies in English. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), controlled trials, cohort studies, case series, and cross-sectional studies that reported mean levels of cytokines in the circulation thought to be relevant for sepsis pathogenesis. We also evaluated concentrations of these cytokines in healthy individuals. The Quality in Prognosis Studies tool was used to assess the methodological quality of included studies. We extracted summary data from published reports. Data analyses were performed using a random-effects model to estimate pooled odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals for cytokine levels and mortality. This systematic review is registered in PROSPERO (CRD42020179800). FINDINGS: We identified 3654 records, and 104 studies were included with a total of 3250 participants. The pooled estimated mean TNFα concentration in sepsis patients was 58.4 pg/ml (95% Confidence Interval or CI 39.8-85.8 pg/ml), and in healthy individuals was 5.5 pg/ml (95% CI 3.8-8.0 pg/ml). Pooled estimate means for IL-1ß and IFN-γ in sepsis patients were 21.8 pg/ml and 63.3 pg/ml, respectively. Elevated TNFα concentrations associated with increased 28-day sepsis mortality (p = 0.001). In subgroup analyses, we did not detect an association between TNFα levels and sepsis source, sepsis severity, or sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score. A TNF-α cutoff level ≥14.7 pg/ml separated sepsis patients from healthy individuals with a sensitivity of 82.6%, a specificity of 91.7%, and a likelihood ratio of 9.9. INTERPRETATION: Sepsis mean TNFα concentration is increased approximately 10-fold compared to mean concentration in healthy individuals, and TNFα associated with sepsis mortality but not sepsis severity. The concept that elevated cytokines cause sepsis should be revisited in the context of these data. FUNDING: None.


Assuntos
Citocinas , Sepse , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Citocinas/sangue , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Inflamação , Prognóstico , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
3.
J Med Life ; 15(6): 845-849, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928364

RESUMO

This study investigated the alteration of tumour necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin-19 (IL-19) at different clinical disease stages, lymph node metastasis, and ductal carcinoma in women with breast cancer. Serum samples were collected from 90 individuals with an age range of 25-61 years. These individuals were divided into a control group (healthy people), consisting of 31 individuals, and a breast cancer patients (BCP) group, consisting of 59 individuals. The pathological data (tumour stage, lymph node metastasis, and ductal carcinoma) was obtained from the medical record of patients and confirmed by experienced histopathology. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISAs) technology was used to measure the serum concentrations of IL-19 and TNF-α. The results showed significant differences (P≤0.002) in the mean of BMI, interleukin-19, and TNF-α in BCP compared to controls, while the age factor did not play an important role. The stages of breast cancer caused clear differences in the levels of TNF-α and IL-19. According to the findings, BCPs had a greater level of TNF-α in lymph node metastases than healthy persons. The concentration of serum IL-19 in BCP with lymph node metastasis was significantly different in non-lymph node metastasis patients and healthy people. Additionally, BCP with ductal carcinoma showed significant differences in the mean levels of IL-19 and TNF-α in comparison with healthy people.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama , Interleucinas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/sangue , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucinas/sangue , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35886575

RESUMO

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease in which the disturbed dependencies between lymphocytes, dendritic cells, keratinocytes and neutrophils play the most important role. One of them is the overproduction of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). The release of NETs can be induced by pathogens, as well as antibodies and immune complexes, cytokines and chemokines, including TNFα. The first step of the NET creation is the activation of peptidyl arginine deiminase 4 (PAD-4). PAD-4 seems to be responsible for citrullination of histones and chromatin decondensation, but the data on PAD-4 in NETs is inconclusive. Thus, the current study aimed to determine PAD-4 and TNFα levels in the serum of psoriatic patients by ELISA and observe the response of these factors to systemic (anti-17a, anti-TNFα and methotrexate) therapies. Increased levels of both PAD-4 and its main stimulus factor TNFα in pre-treatment patients have been reported along with the concentrations of proteins correlated with disease severity (PASI, BSA). Before treatment, the irregularities in the case of anti-nuclear antibodies level (ANA) were also observed. All of the applied therapies led to a decrease in PAD-4 and TNFα levels after 12 weeks. The most significant changes, both in protein concentrations as well as in scale scores, were noted with anti-TNFα therapy (adalimumab and infliximab). This phenomenon may be associated with the inhibition of TNFα production at different stages of psoriasis development, including NET creation. The obtained data suggest the participation of PAD-4 in the activation of neutrophils to produce NETs in psoriasis, which may create opportunities for modern therapies with PAD inhibitors. However, further exploration of gene and protein expression in psoriatic skin is needed.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares , Proteína-Arginina Desiminase do Tipo 4 , Psoríase , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrolases/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Proteína-Arginina Desiminase do Tipo 4/sangue , Proteína-Arginina Desiminase do Tipo 4/metabolismo , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
5.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 34(10): 993-999, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis is a chronic and progressive inflammatory disorder. The regulator of the G-protein signaling (RGS) is involved in the pathogenesis of several immune system disorders. RGS16, a member of the RGS protein superfamily, has been shown to play critical roles in several immune system-related diseases. However, the roles of RGS16 in ulcerative colitis remain to be elucidated. METHODS: We analyzed the expression of RGS16 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and inflamed mucosa of ulcerative colitis patients using quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. We performed Spearman's correlation to analyze the correlation between RGS16 expression and the ulcerative colitis endoscopic index of severity (UCEIS), Mayo index, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) and IL-17A levels. Further, PBMCs were stimulated with inflammatory cytokines in vitro . RESULTS: RGS16 expression significantly increased in the colonic mucosa and PBMCs from patients with ulcerative colitis and significantly correlated with the Mayo index, UCEIS, ESR and serum TNF-α and IL-17A levels. TNF-α upregulated RGS16 expression in PBMCs in a dose- and time-dependent manner via the nuclear factor kappa beta (NF-kB) signaling pathway. Moreover, anti-TNF treatment with infliximab significantly decreased RGS16 expression in PBMCs and intestinal mucosa of patients with ulcerative colitis. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed a novel mechanism by which RGS16 expression in ulcerative colitis is positively correlated with disease activity. Thus, RGS16 might serve as a potential therapeutic marker for the treatment of ulcerative colitis.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Proteínas RGS , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-17/sangue , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Proteínas RGS/metabolismo , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
6.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(7): 605-610, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35786454

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) LOC102640791 in sepsis inflammatory response. Methods The mice model of sepsis was established by intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The cell model of sepsis was established by treating of RAW264.7 macrophages with LPS. Mice or cells were randomly divided into the control group and the LPS group. The levels of lncRNA and miRNA in serum were detected by microarrays. The levels of LOC102640791 and miR-320-3p were tested by the real time quantitative PCR. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, IL-4 and IL-10 in serum and cell culture supernatant of RAW264.7 were detected by the ELISA. Luciferase reporter gene technology was used to verify the relationship between LOC102640791 and miR-320-3p. Results Compared with the control group, the LPS group had lower expression of LOC102640791 and higher expression of miR-320-3p. Compared with the LPS group, the LPS group with high expression of LOC102640791 and the LPS group with low expression of miR-320-3p had higher expression of pro-inflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8) and lower expression of anti-inflammatory factors (IL-4 and IL-10). Wild type LOC102640791 can inhibit the luciferase activity of miR-320-3p. Conclusion LOC102640791 alleviates sepsis inflammatory response by sponging miR-320-5p.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Sepse , Animais , Inflamação/genética , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-4/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-8/sangue , Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Sepse/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
7.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 18(9): 2179-2187, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686375

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between sleep midpoint and inflammation in a population with a large proportion of individuals diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), a group that is already prone to increased inflammation. METHODS: Subjects from the Cleveland Family Study underwent overnight polysomnography and completed surveys on sleep habits. Morning and evening blood samples were collected and assayed for proinflammatory biomarkers interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). Linear regression models were used, adjusting for potential confounders and sleep duration. RESULTS: The study population included 587 adults (52.3% with OSAS). Mean ± standard deviation weekday sleep midpoint was 3.52 ± 2.09 (3:31 am) and weekend sleep midpoint was 4.46 ± 1.69 (4:28 am). The Mean difference between weekday and weekend sleep midpoint (social jetlag) was 0.94 ± 2.08 hours. After adjusting for OSA severity, greater social jetlag was associated with higher levels of the inflammatory cytokine IL-1 (beta: 0.435 pg/mL, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.091 to 0.779). Additionally, later timing of sleep during both the weekdays and the weekends was associated with increased levels of IL-6 (weekday beta: 0.182 pg/mL; 95% CI: 0.013 to 0.350; and weekend beta: 0.188 pg/mL; 95% CI: 0.004 to 0.373). No trends were observed with TNF-α and any sleep exposure. CONCLUSIONS: Later sleep timing was associated with elevated levels of IL-6 while increased social jetlag was associated with elevated levels of IL-1. Our results indicate that later sleep schedules and increased social jetlag may lead to higher inflammation, even after controlling for OSA severity. CITATION: Girtman KL, Baylin A, O'Brien LM, Jansen EC. Later sleep timing and social jetlag are related to increased inflammation in a population with a high proportion of OSA: findings from the Cleveland Family Study. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(9):2179-2187.


Assuntos
Inflamação , Interleucina-1 , Interleucina-6 , Síndrome do Jet Lag , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Adulto , Ritmo Circadiano , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Interleucina-1/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Síndrome do Jet Lag/sangue , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/sangue , Fatores de Tempo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
8.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 32(8): 1917-1923, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Growth arrest-specific 6 protein (Gas6) has been established to play important roles in various biological processes, but little is currently known on the role of Gas6 signaling in humans. This research explored the association between Gas6 expression and carotid atherosclerosis (AS) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS AND RESULTS: As many as 126 T2DM patients were recruited in this study and classified into two groups based on their carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). Meanwhile, 50 healthy individuals were recruited for the normal control group (NC). The subgroups were compared in terms of clinical data and Gas6 expression levels. Gas6 levels were decreased in T2DM patients with or without AS compared to NC subjects (9.64 ± 1.41 ng/ml, 11.38 ± 2.08 ng/ml, and 13.64 ± 2.61 ng/ml, respectively) (p < 0.001). The interaction between Gas6 and AS in T2DM was analyzed by logistic regression model and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Decreased Gas6 expression was an independent risk factor relevant to AS in T2DM (p = 0.027). The area under the ROC curve to estimate the diagnostic value of low Gas6 expression for AS in T2DM was 0.750. The correlation between Gas6 and other parameters was evaluated by Pearson correlation analysis and linear regression model. Body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were independently correlated with Gas6. CONCLUSION: Low Gas6 expression is an independent risk factor for AS in T2DM. Gas6 expression is affected by BMI, HbA1c and TNF-α levels.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/sangue , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
9.
Support Care Cancer ; 30(9): 7281-7292, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35596774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Paclitaxel and doxorubicin are associated with neurotoxicity and cardiotoxicity respectively. This study aimed at investigating the role of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) in counteracting paclitaxel-induced neuropathy and doxorubicin-associated cardiotoxicity in women with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled prospective study included 64 patients with breast cancer who were randomized into control group (n = 32) which received 4 cycles of doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide (every 21 days) followed by weekly doses of paclitaxel for 12 weeks plus placebo tablets once daily and ALA group (n = 32) which received the same chemotherapeutic regimen plus ALA 600 once daily for 6 months. Patients were assessed by National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE version 4.0) for grading of neuropathy and by 12-item neurotoxicity questionnaire (Ntx-12). The assessment included also echocardiography and evaluation of serum levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), malondialdehyde (MDA), and neurotensin (NT). Data were analyzed by paired and unpaired t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and chi-square test. RESULTS: As compared to placebo, ALA provoked significant improvement in NCI-CTCAE neuropathy grading and Ntx-12 score after the end of 9th and 12th weeks of paclitaxel intake (p = 0.039, p = 0.039, p = 0.03, p = 0.004, respectively). At the end of the chemotherapy cycles, ALA resulted in significant decline in serum levels of BNP, TNF-α, MDA, and neurotensin (p < 0.05) as compared to baseline data and placebo. CONCLUSION: Alpha-lipoic acid may represent a promising adjuvant therapy to attenuate paclitaxel-associated neuropathy and doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in women with breast cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03908528.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Síndromes Neurotóxicas , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico , Ácido Tióctico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/prevenção & controle , Doxorrubicina , Feminino , Humanos , Neurotensina/sangue , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/etiologia , Paclitaxel , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Estudos Prospectivos , Ácido Tióctico/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
10.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 8619092, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35602350

RESUMO

Pulmonary hypertension (PAH) is a proliferative disease of pulmonary blood vessels, but the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension is still unclear. This article explores the role of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), tissue factor (TF), and coagulation function (CF) in the pathogenesis of PAH. PAH is often accompanied by vascular intima injury and muscular arterial media thickening. Coupled with the wide application of nanotargeted drugs in recent years, a targeted nanocarrier encapsulating sildenafil was prepared in this study. The particle size, PDI, zeta potential, drug loading, and encapsulation efficiency were 194.32 ± 17.31 nm, 0.28 ± 0.02, -6.34 ± 0.33, 24.61%, and 70.52%. The monocrotaline PAH rat model was constructed, and it was found that the levels of TNF-α, TF, and CF in the peripheral blood of PAH rats were abnormally increased. 30 PAH rats were randomly divided into 5 groups and injected with saline (NS group), sildenafil (sildenafil group), target the nanoempty carrier (TNC-E group), ordinary nanocarrier encapsulated sildenafil (CNC-sildenafil group), and targeted nanocarrier encapsulate sildenafil (TNC-sildenafil group). Compared with the NS group, the mean pulmonary artery pressure in the TNC-sildenafil group was lower (P < 0.05). Compared with the normal rat group, the pulmonary small blood vessel media thickness, TNF-α level, TF level, and the area of myocardial cells were increased in the NS group, sildenafil group, TNC-E group, and CNC-sildenafil group (P < 0.05). Compared with the NS group, the pulmonary small blood vessel media thickness, myocardial cell area, and the levels of TNF-α and TF in the TNC-sildenafil group were reduced (P < 0.05). Targeting nanocarrier encapsulation of sildenafil can obviously reduce the average pulmonary artery pressure in rats with pulmonary hypertension, improve pulmonary vascular media proliferation and myocardial hypertrophy, and restore the levels of TNF-α, TF, and CF to a normal state.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Citrato de Sildenafila , Tromboplastina , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Animais , Coagulação Sanguínea , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Portadores de Fármacos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/patologia , Monocrotalina , Nanopartículas , Artéria Pulmonar , Ratos , Citrato de Sildenafila/farmacologia , Tromboplastina/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 403, 2022 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maintenance of physical performance is essential for achievement of healthy aging. A few studies have explored the association between inflammatory markers and physical performance in older adults with inconclusive results. Our aim was to analyze the association of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), Interleukin-10 (IL-10), and C-reactive protein (CRP) with physical performance in a sample of older adults in rural settings of Mexico. METHODS: Our study comprised 307 community-dwelling older men and women who participated in the third wave of the Rural Frailty Study. We assessed the physical performance with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and classified older adults as low performance if SPPB scored ≤8. Inflammatory markers were ascertained using serum by immunodetection methods. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the associations between inflammatory markers and physical performance. RESULTS: In comparison with the normal physical performance group, low physical performance individuals mainly were female (P <  0.01), older (P <  0.01), more illiterate (P = 0.02), more hypertensive (P < 0.01), fewer smokers (P = 0.02), and had higher CRP levels (P < 0.01). The logistic model results showed a significant association between the 3rd tertile of CRP and low physical performance (OR = 2.23; P = 0.03). IL-10 and TNF-α levels did not show a significant association. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study were mixed, with a significant association of physical performance with higher CRP levels but nonsignificant with IL-10 and TNF-α. Further studies with improved designs are needed by incorporating a broader set of inflammatory markers.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa , Interleucina-10 , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Interleucina-10/sangue , Masculino , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
12.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 22(1): 152, 2022 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35585483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Local anesthesia has been recommended for percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) in recent years; however, the efficacy, including oxidative stress, inflammatory reactions and ventilation effects, when intravenous dexmedetomidine (DEX) is administered during PELD has not been described. METHODS: Sixty adult patients undergoing PELD were randomly allocated to either an intravenous DEX sedation group (Group A) or a normal saline group (Group B). Respiratory data, including minute ventilation (MV), tidal volume (TV), and respiratory rate (RR), were recorded using a respiratory volume monitor (RVM), and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) was monitored by pulse oximetry. The visual analog score (VAS) was used to assess the level of pain. The serum levels of inflammatory biomarkers including interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were to assess inflammatory reactions. The serum levels of oxidative stress biomarkers including malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) were also recorded to evaluate oxidative stress. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in RR, MV, TV and SpO2 between the two groups at any time point (P > 0.05). Group B exhibited lower serum levels of GSH-PX (P < 0.0001) and higher serum levels of MDA (p < 0.0001) than Group A at the end of surgery. Twenty-four hours after surgery, Group B exhibited higher serum levels of IL-6 (P = 0.0033), TNF-α (P = 0.0002), and MDA (P < 0.0001) and lower serum levels of GSH-PX (P < 0.0001) than Group A. In addition, Group A exhibited lower VAS (P < 0.0001) than Group B during surgery. CONCLUSIONS: DEX administration using RVM not only provides analgesia without ventilatory depression but also alleviates oxidative stress and inflammatory reactions in patients undergoing PELD.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina , Discotomia Percutânea , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Adulto , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Discotomia , Endoscopia , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/etiologia , Interleucina-6/sangue , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/etiologia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Dor/etiologia , Respiração , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
13.
J Surg Res ; 277: 181-188, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500513

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal failure results in death in critically ill patients. This study aimed to explore the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on intestinal barrier function and its mechanism in critically ill patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery were randomized into the DEX group (n = 21) or midazolam (MID) group (n = 21). Sufentanil was used for analgesia in both groups. In the DEX group, DEX was loaded (1 µg/kg) before sedation and infused (0.7 µg/kg/h) during sedation. In the MID group, MID was loaded (0.05 mg/kg) before sedation and infused (0.1 mg/kg/h) during sedation. The mean arterial pressure , heart rate , borborygmus resumption time , first defecation time, length of intensive care unit stay, and length of hospital stay were observed. The diamine oxidase (DAO), D-lactate , TNF-α, IL-6, and α7nAChR levels in plasma or hemocytes were detected before the start of sedation (0 h) and after sedation (24 h). RESULTS: No significant differences in age, sex, body mass index, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores were noted (P > 0.05). The mean arterial pressure between 0 h and 24 h showed no significant difference between the groups (P > 0.05), but the heart rate was significantly lower in the DEX group (P = 0.042). The borborygmus resumption time was significantly earlier in the DEX group (P = 0.034). The lengths of intensive care unit stay (P = 0.016) and hospital stay (P = 0.031) were significantly shorter in the DEX group. The TNF-α level in the DEX group was lower at 24 h than 0 h. The D-lactate level was significantly lower in the DEX group than the MID group at 24 h (P = 0.016). The expression of α7nAChR in the DEX group was significantly higher at 24 h than 0 h (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: DEX maintained intestinal barrier integrity in patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery through the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Estado Terminal/terapia , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lactatos/sangue , Midazolam/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/sangue
14.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 3374655, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35463689

RESUMO

In order to investigate the expression levels of serum IFN-γ, IL-4, and tumor necrosis TNF-α in patients with cervicitis complicated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and clinical significance, a retrospective study was conducted on 90 patients with chronic cervicitis complicated by HP V infection who visited our hospital from June 2020 to June 2021, and they are included in the research group. According to the degree of HPV infection, the patients are divided into low-risk HPV type group (n = 65 cases) and high-risk HPV type group (n = 25 cases); 50 patients with cervicitis (without HPV infection) who received treatment in our hospital are selected as control group 1. Fifty healthy women who underwent physical examination are selected as the control group 2. The general data of the two groups of patients during hospitalization are collected, and HPV-DNA, IFN-γ, IL-4, and TNF-α are detected in all patients. For patients with cervicitis complicated by HPV infection, the IFN-indexes in the body are significantly decreased, IL-4 and TNF-αare significantly increased, and with the degree of HPV infection, IFN-γ, IL-4, and TNF-α have high diagnostic performance with HPV infection, and there is a significant correlation between the three, which can be used in cervicitis complicated with HPV infection. It is widely used in the early diagnosis and screening of infected patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus , Cervicite Uterina , Feminino , Humanos , Interferon gama/sangue , Interleucina-4/sangue , Infecções por Papillomavirus/sangue , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Cervicite Uterina/sangue , Cervicite Uterina/complicações , Cervicite Uterina/diagnóstico
15.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(4): e0010308, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421083

RESUMO

Malaria, blood-borne filarial worms and intestinal parasites are all endemic in Gabon. This geographical co-distribution leads to polyparasitism and, consequently, the possibility of immune-mediated interactions among different parasite species. Intestinal protozoa and helminths could modulate antimalarial immunity, for example, thereby potentially increasing or reducing susceptibility to malaria. The aim of the study was to compare the cytokine levels and cytokine ratios according to parasitic profiles of the population to determine the potential role of co-endemic parasites in the malaria susceptibility of populations. Blood and stool samples were collected during cross-sectional surveys in five provinces of Gabon. Parasitological diagnosis was performed to detect plasmodial parasites, Loa loa, Mansonella perstans, intestinal helminths (STHs) and protozoan parasites. Nested PCR was used to detect submicroscopic plasmodial infection in individuals with negative blood smears. A cytometric bead array was used to quantify interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the plasma of subjects with different parasitological profiles. Median IL-6 and IL-10 levels and the median IL-10/TNF-α ratio were all significantly higher among individuals with Plasmodium (P.) falciparum infection than among other participants (p<0.0001). The median TNF-α level and IL-10/IL-6 ratio were higher in subjects with STHs (p = 0.09) and P. falciparum-intestinal protozoa co-infection (p = 0.04), respectively. IL-6 (r = -0.37; P<0.01) and IL-10 (r = -0.37; P<0.01) levels and the IL-10/TNF-α ratio (r = -0.36; P<0.01) correlated negatively with age. Among children under five years old, the IL-10/TNF-α and IL-10/IL-6 ratios were higher in those with intestinal protozoan infections than in uninfected children. The IL-10/TNF-α ratio was also higher in children aged 5-15 years and in adults harbouring blood-borne filariae than in their control counterparts, whereas the IL-10/IL-6 ratio was lower in those aged 5-15 years with filariae and intestinal parasites but higher in adults with intestinal parasitic infections. Asymptomatic malaria is associated with a strong polarization towards a regulatory immune response, presenting high circulating levels of IL-10. P. falciparum/intestinal protozoa co-infections were associated with an enhanced IL-10 response. Immunity against malaria could differ according to age and carriage of other parasites. Helminths and intestinal protozoa can play a role in the high susceptibility to malaria currently observed in some areas of Gabon, but further investigations are necessary.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Interleucinas , Malária Falciparum , Malária , Animais , Pré-Escolar , Cidades/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/parasitologia , Estudos Transversais , Citocinas/sangue , Gabão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Interleucinas/sangue , Malária/sangue , Malária/epidemiologia , Malária Falciparum/sangue , Malária Falciparum/epidemiologia , Plasmodium falciparum/isolamento & purificação , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
16.
Clin Rheumatol ; 41(8): 2341-2349, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35467309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to examine the effects of cDMARD and bDMARD therapy on both gene expressions and protein levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10 and fatty acid levels in patients with RA. METHOD: Plasma TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 levels were examined by the ELISA method, while TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 gene expression levels were examined by RT-qPCR, and fatty acid levels were examined by GC/MS. RESULTS: IL-10 gene expression levels significantly increased in RA patients receiving cDMARD treatment compared to those of the control group. Also, eicosadienoic acid, myristoleic acid and capric acid levels were significantly lower in the patient groups compared to those in the control group. CONCLUSION: The drugs used in the treatment of RA had no effect on the fatty acid levels whereas had effects on the mRNA and protein levels of the target cytokines.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Humanos , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
17.
Spinal Cord ; 60(9): 779-783, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35292776

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. OBJECTIVES: Acute spinal cord injury (ASCI) is caused by direct or indirect strikes from external forces on the spinal cord. Here, we investigated the correlation between the miR-124, miR-544a, and TNF-α levels in patients with ASCI, aiming to evaluate the potential usage of miR-124 and miR-544a in ASCI diagnosis. SETTING: University/hospital. METHODS: A total of 90 (58 male/32 female) ASIA patients and 15 (9 male/6 female) control patients (with acute limb trauma) were involved in the presented study. The ASIA patients were further subclustered based on the International Standards for the Neurological Classification of SCI (ISNCSCI) exam. 30 (18 male/12 female)cases were determined to have complete spinal cord injury (CSCI) and classified as ASIA grade A (Complete); 30 (20 male/10 female) cases were determined to have incomplete spinal cord injury (ISCI) and classified as ASIA grade B (sensory incomplete), C (motor incomplete), or D (motor incomplete); 30 (20 male/10 female) cases were determined to have normal neurological function (NNF) and classified as ASIA grade E (Normal). Plasma miR-124, miRNA-544a, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels were measured from the blood samples collected 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h after trauma. RESULTS: The levels of miR-124 and miR-544a in the CSCI and ISCI groups were significantly higher than those of the NNF and the control group 24 h after injury (P < 0.05). The increased levels gradually declined from 24 h to 72 h after injury. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) of miR-124, miR-544a and TNF-α 24 h after trauma in patients with acute spinal cord injury were 0.948 [95% CI (0.890, 1.000)], 0.815 [95% CI (0.638, 0.994)] and 0.770 [95% CI (0.641, 0.879)], respectively. CONCLUSION: The miRNA-124 and miRNA-544a levels increased significantly in ASCI patients compared with control patients 24 h after injury. These increased levels gradually reduced from 24 h to 72 h after injury. There is a strong positive correlation between miRNA-124, miRNA-544a, and acute spinal cord injury. SPONSORSHIP: The present study was supported by a University-level project of Ningxia Medical University (Project Number: XY2017147).


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico
18.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 34(1): 28-34, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35307057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of intestinal microecology in the early stage of sepsis rat model by 16S rDNA sequencing. METHODS: Sixty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) group and sham operation group (Sham group), with 30 rats in each group. In the CLP group, sepsis rat model was reproduced by CLP method; the rats in the Sham group only underwent laparotomy without CLP. At 24 hours after the operation, the intestinal feces and serum samples of 8 rats in each group were collected. The survival rate of the rest rats was observed until the 7th day. The level of serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Intestinal feces were sequenced by 16S rDNA sequencing technology. The operational taxonomic unit (OTU) data obtained after sequence comparison and clustering was used for α diversity and ß diversity analysis, principal coordinate analysis and linear discriminant analysis effect size analysis (LEfSe) to observe the changes of intestinal microecology in early sepsis rats and excavate the marker flora. RESULTS: At 24 hours after the reproduction of the model, the rats in the CLP group showed shortness of breath, scattered hair and other manifestations, and the level of serum TNF-α increased significantly as compared with that in the Sham group (ng/L: 43.95±9.05 vs. 11.08±3.27, P < 0.01). On the 7th day after modeling, the cumulative survival rate of the Sham group was 100%, while that of the CLP group was 31.82%. Diversity analysis showed that there was no significant difference in α diversity parameter between the Sham group and the CLP group (number of species: 520.00±52.15 vs. 492.25±86.61, Chao1 richness estimator: 707.25±65.69 vs. 668.93±96.50, Shannon index: 5.74±0.42 vs. 5.79±0.91, Simpson index: 0.93±0.03 vs. 0.94±0.05, all P > 0.05). However, the ß diversity analysis showed that the difference between groups was greater than that within groups whether weighted according to OTU or not (abundance weighted matrix: R = 0.23, P = 0.04; abundance unweighted matrix: R = 0.32, P = 0.01). At the phylum level, the abundance of Proteobacteria and Candidatus_sacchari in the CLP group increased significantly as compared with the Sham group [18.100% (15.271%, 26.665%) vs. 6.974% (2.854%, 9.764%), 0.125% (0.027%, 0.159%)% vs. 0.018% (0.008%, 0.021%), both P < 0.05]. At the genus level, the abundance of opportunistic pathogen including Helicobacter, Ruthenium, Streptococcus, Clostridium XVIII in the CLP group was significantly higher than that in the Sham group [5.090% (1.812%, 6.598%) vs. 0.083% (0.034%, 0.198%), 0.244% (0.116%, 0.330%) vs. 0.016% (0.008%, 0.029%), 0.006% (0.003%, 0.010%) vs. 0.001% (0%, 0.003%), 0.094% (0.035%, 0.430%) vs. 0.007% (0.003%, 0.030%), all P < 0.05], and the abundance of probiotics such as Alloprevotella and Romboustia was significantly lower than that in the Sham group [7.345% (3.662%, 11.546%) vs. 22.504% (14.403%, 26.928%), 0.113% (0.047%, 0.196%) vs. 1.229% (0.809%, 2.29%), both P < 0.01]. LEfSe analysis showed that the probiotics belonging to Firmicutes were significantly enriched in the Sham group, and Romboustia was the most significantly enriched species. Opportunistic pathogens such as Helicobacter, Streptococcus and Clostridium XVIII were significantly enriched in the CLP group, Helicobacter_NGSU_ 2015 was the most significantly enriched species. CONCLUSIONS: In the early stage of sepsis, the intestinal microbiota structure of rats is significantly changed, which mainly shows that the abundance of Alloprevotella and other probiotics is significantly reduced, while that of Helicobacter and other opportunistic pathogens is significantly increased.


Assuntos
Intestinos/microbiologia , Sepse/microbiologia , Animais , Ceco , DNA Ribossômico , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35272600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Xylopic acid (XA) is the principal constituent obtained from the biofractionation of the dried fruits of Xylopia aethiopica. Our initial reports have established the acute anti-inflammatory activity of this kaurene diterpene. OBJECTIVE: Currently, we investigate the chronic anti-inflammatory activity of xylopic acid. METHODS: The adjuvant-induced arthritis model in rats was employed in carrying out the study. RESULTS: It was observed from the study that XA significantly (P < 0.05) suppressed the oedema associated with adjuvant arthritis while preventing associated joint deformation as identified from the radiographs. Histopathological analysis of joints of treated animals revealed signs of bone reformation and re-calcification following XA administration. From the haematological analysis, xylopic acid significantly decreased eosinophil sedimentation rate (ESR) while also decreasing white blood cells (WBC), which were increased after arthritis induction. Serum analysis showed the inhibitory effect of XA on serum expression of IL-6 and TNF-alpha in arthritic rats. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates the anti-arthritic activity of orally administered XA while pointing to a possible mechanism of its anti-inflammatory action.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Artrite Experimental , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/sangue , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
20.
Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 19(4): 839-852, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35199306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the aftermath of bone injuries, such as cranium and sternum, bone wax (BW) is used to control bleeding from the bone surfaces during surgery. Made up of artificial substances, however, it is associated with many complications such as inflammation, increased risk for infection, and bone repair delay. We, therefore, in this study set out to design and evaluate a novel BW without the above-mentioned side-effects reported for other therapies. METHODS: The pastes (new BW(s)) were prepared in the laboratory and examined by MTT, MIC, MBC, and degradability tests. Then, 60 adult male Wistar rats, divided into six equal groups including chitosan (CT), CT-octacalcium phosphate (OCP), CT-periostin (Post), CT-OCP-Post, Control (Ctrl), and BW, underwent sternotomy surgery. Once the surgeries were completed, the bone repair was assessed radiologically and thereafter clinically in vivo and in vitro using CT-scan, H&E, ELISA, and qRT-PCR. RESULTS: All pastes displayed antibacterial properties and the CT-Post group had the highest cell viability compared to the control group. In contrast to the BW, CT-Post group demonstrated weight changes in the degradability test. In the CT-Post group, more number of osteocyte cells, high trabeculae percentage, and the least fibrous connective tissue were observed compared to other groups. Additionally, in comparison to the CT and Ctrl groups, higher alkaline phosphatase activity, as well as decreased level of serum tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and OCN in the CT-Post group was evident. Finally, Runx2, OPG, and RANKL genes' expression was significantly higher in the CT-Post group than in other groups. CONCLUSION: Our results provide insights into the desirability of pastes in terms of cellular viability, degradability, antibacterial properties, and surgical site restoration compared to the BW group. Besides, Periostin could enhance the osteogenic properties of bone tissue defect site.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Moléculas de Adesão Celular , Quitosana , Esterno , Animais , Antibacterianos , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/administração & dosagem , Quitosana/farmacologia , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Esternotomia , Esterno/cirurgia , Tecidos Suporte , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
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