Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 9.354
Filtrar
1.
Gut ; 69(1): 122-132, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076405

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated how pancreatic cancer developed resistance to focal adhesion kinase (FAK) inhibition over time. DESIGN: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tumours from KPC mice (p48-CRE; LSL-KRasG12D/wt; p53flox/wt) treated with FAK inhibitor were analysed for the activation of a compensatory survival pathway in resistant tumours. We identified pathways involved in the regulation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signalling on FAK inhibition by gene set enrichment analysis and verified these outcomes by RNA interference studies. We also tested combinatorial approaches targeting FAK and STAT3 in syngeneic transplantable mouse models of PDAC and KPC mice. RESULTS: In KPC mice, the expression levels of phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3) were increased in PDAC cells as they progressed on FAK inhibitor therapy. This progression corresponded to decreased collagen density, lowered numbers of SMA+ fibroblasts and downregulation of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß)/SMAD signalling pathway in FAK inhibitor-treated PDAC tumours. Furthermore, TGF-ß production by fibroblasts in vitro drives repression of STAT3 signalling and enhanced responsiveness to FAK inhibitor therapy. Knockdown of SMAD3 in pancreatic cancer cells abolished the inhibitory effects of TGF-ß on pSTAT3. We further found that tumour-intrinsic STAT3 regulates the durability of the antiproliferative activity of FAK inhibitor, and combinatorial targeting of FAK and Janus kinase/STAT3 act synergistically to suppress pancreatic cancer progression in mouse models. CONCLUSION: Stromal depletion by FAK inhibitor therapy leads to eventual treatment resistance through the activation of STAT3 signalling. These data suggest that, similar to tumour-targeted therapies, resistance mechanisms to therapies targeting stromal desmoplasia may be critical to treatment durability.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína-Tirosina Quinases de Adesão Focal/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/enzimologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/fisiologia , Feminino , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína-Tirosina Quinases de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Smad3/metabolismo , Células Estromais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estromais/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
2.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(9): 769-775, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750816

RESUMO

Objective To explore the functions and mechanisms of macrophages derived from PGRN gene knockout (PGRN-/- ) C57BL/6 mice in the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. Methods Breast cancer cells were cultured in conditioned medium of macrophages derived from WT and PGRN-/- mice. TranswellTM assay and scratch assay were used to detect the invasion and migration ability of cancer cells. Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of E-cadherin and N-cadherin in cancer cells. Cytokine array, real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA were performed to investigate the differences of cytokines secreted by macrophages derived from WT and PGRN-/- mice. Breast cancer cells were treated by the differentially expressed cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6), and then the above methods were used to investigate its effect on cancer cells. Western blot analysis was used to verify the roles of NF-κB and JAK/STAT3 signaling pathways. Results The macrophages derived from PGRN-/- mice blocked NF-κB signaling pathway, reduced IL-6 secretion, and inhibited the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. IL-6 activated JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway to promote the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. Conclusion The macrophages derived from PGRN-/- mice can block the NF-κB and JAK/STAT3 signaling pathways, down-regulate IL-6 expression, and inhibit the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Caderinas , Movimento Celular , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Granulinas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
3.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 66(11): 819-826, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the changes in the IL-6 and STAT3 expression levels in cachectic and non-cachectic patients with gastric, lung and breast cancer and evaluated the association between IL-6 and STAT3 levels and cancer types in terms of cachexia condition. BACKGROUND: Cancer-associated cachexia, observed in nearly 50‒80 % of cancer patients, has drawn attention in advanced patients. IL-6/JAK/STAT pathway plays an essential role in the progression of cancer cachexia through the regulation of the inflammatory response. METHODS: This study consisted of 48 gastric, breast and lung cancer patients (18 cachectic and 30 non-cachectic) and healthy individuals. Total RNA isolation and cDNA synthesis was performed after the collection of blood samples. IL-6 and STAT3 expression levels were analyzed by RT- PCR analysis. RESULTS: Our findings demonstrated that IL-6 mRNA levels considerably increased 19.89±8.25, 5.18±2.81 and 15.33±9.54-fold in gastric, lung and breast cancer patients with cachexia, respectively. Additionally, a 16.67±7.13, 14.21±11.72 and 8.85±3.89-fold increase in the STAT3 expression level was detected in cachectic gastric, lung and breast cancer patients, respectively (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: STAT3 may be considered as a therapeutic target for cachectic patients with gastric, lung and breast cancer. Furthermore, IL-6 mediates STAT3 activation in cachectic gastric and breast cancer patients (Tab. 5, Fig. 2, Ref. 62).


Assuntos
Caquexia , Interleucina-6 , Fator de Transcrição STAT3 , Caquexia/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
4.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(2): 119-131, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: LncRNAs are significant regulators in multiple cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, lncRNA ANRIL has been reported to be elevated during multiple cancer types, exhibiting oncogenic roles. However, the exact biological mechanism of ANRIL is still poorly understood in HCC. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays were utilized to detect expressions of ANRIL, miR-384, and STAT3. CCK8 and EDU assays were employed to evaluate HCC cell proliferation. A flow cytometry assay was used to detect the HCC cell cycle and cell apoptosis. The scratch migration and Transwell invasion assays were performed to test cell migration and invasion, respectively. RIP and RNA pull-down assays were carried out to confirm the correlation between ANRIL and miR-384. The dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to prove the association between miR-384 and STAT3. Western blotting analysis was performed to examine protein levels of STAT3. IHC and HE staining were employed to detect Ki-67 and histopathology. RESULTS: ANRIL expression was upregulated in HCC cells, including SMCC7721, HepG2, MHCC-97H, SNU449 and HUH-7 cells, in comparison to the normal human liver cells LO2. Knockdown of ANRIL suppressed HCC cell proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. HCC cell migration and invasion capacity were inhibited by inhibition of ANRIL. Bioinformatics analyses revealed that ANRIL could interact with miR-384. miR-384 was significantly decreased in HCC cells, and overexpression of miR-384 repressed HCC progression. STAT3 was predicted as a target of miR-384, and miR-384 can modulate STAT3 levels negatively in vitro. ANRIL can suppress HCC development through regulating miR-384 and STAT3 in vivo. CONCLUSION: ANRIL is involved in HCC progression by direct targeting of miR-384 and STAT3. Also, ANRIL could act as a potential candidate for HCC diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/fisiopatologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Progressão da Doença , Células HEK293 , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/fisiopatologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
5.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(4): 701-712, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cholinergic signalling mediated by the activation of muscarinic and nicotinic receptors has been described in the literature as a classic and important signalling pathway in the regulation of the inflammatory response. Recent research has investigated the role of acetylcholine, the physiological agonist of these receptors, in the control of energy homeostasis at the central level. Studies have shown that mice that do not express acetylcholine in brain regions regulating energy homeostasis present with excessive weight gain and hyperphagia. However, it has not yet been well-described in the literature which cholinergic receptor subunits are involved in this response; moreover, the signalling pathways responsible for the observed effects are not fully delineated. The hypothalamus is the regulating centre of energy homeostasis, and the α7 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) is highly expressed in this region. When active, α7nAChR recruits proteins such as JAK2/STAT3 to mediate its signalling; the same intracellular components are required by leptin, an anorexigenic hormone. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of the hypothalamic α7nAChR in the control of energy homeostasis. METHODS: The work was performed on Swiss male mice. Initially, using immunofluorescent staining on brain sections, the presence of α7nAChR in hypothalamic cells regulating energy homeostasis was evaluated. Animals were submitted to stereotaxis in the lateral ventricle and intracerebroventricular stimulation (ICV) was used for the administration of an agonist (PNU) or antagonist (α-bungarotoxin) of α7nAChR. Metabolic parameters were evaluated and the expression of neuropeptides was evaluated in the hypothalamus by real-time PCR and western blot. The expression of hypothalamic neuropeptides was evaluated in mice treated with siRNA or inhibitors of JAK2/STAT3 (AG490 and STATTIC) proteins. We also evaluated food intake in α7nAChR knockout animals (α7KO). Additionally, in mouse hypothalamic cell culture (the mypHoA-POMC/GFP lineage), we evaluated the expression of neuropeptides and pSTAT3 after stimulation with PNU. RESULTS: Our results indicate co-localisation of α7nAChR with α-MSH, AgRP and NPY in hypothalamic cells. Pharmacological activation of α7nAChR reduced food intake and increased hypothalamic POMC expression and decreased NPY and AgRP mRNA levels and the protein content of pAMPK. Inhibition of α7nAChR with an antagonist increased the mRNA content of NPY and AgRP. Inhibition of α7nAChR with siRNA led to the suppression of POMC expression and an increase in AgRP mRNA levels. α7KO mice showed no changes in food intake. Inhibition of proteins involved in the JAK2/STAT3 signalling pathway reversed the effects observed after PNU stimulation. POMC-GFP cells, when treated with PNU, showed increased POMC expression and nuclear translocation of pSTAT3. CONCLUSION: Thus, selective activation of α7nAChR is able to modulate important markers of the response to food intake, suggesting that α7nAChR activation can suppress the expression of orexigenic markers and favour the expression of anorexics using the intracellular JAK2/STAT3 machinery.


Assuntos
Proteína Relacionada com Agouti/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Pró-Opiomelanocortina/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/metabolismo , Proteína Relacionada com Agouti/genética , Animais , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Bungarotoxinas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Ingestão de Alimentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Neurônios/metabolismo , Pró-Opiomelanocortina/genética , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/agonistas , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/genética
6.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 27(9): 681-686, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594092

RESUMO

Objective: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumor worldwide. Metastasis is a marker of cancer deterioration in patients with liver cancer and a major cause of death. In order to develop effective therapeutic strategies, it is urgent to study the molecular basis of liver cancer metastasis. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of fatty acid synthase (FASN) in HCC. Wound healing and transwell cell invasion assays was used to confirm the role of FASN in liver cancer migration and invasion. Proteins that interacted with FASN were identified using iTRAQ (isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification). Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and cellular immunofluorescence analysis were used to assess the interaction between FASN and signal transduction and transcription activator 3 (STAT3). The expression of STAT3, p-STAT3, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 was detected after FASN knockdown using Western blot method. Statistical analysis was performed using the t-test. Results: Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of FASN in HCC tissue was higher than that in adjacent tissues. iTRAQ, Co-IP and immunofluorescence analysis revealed that FASN interacted with STAT3. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of p-STAT3, MMP-2 and MMP-9 decreased after FASN knockdown. Conclusion: FASN may promote the metastasis of liver cancer by interacting with STAT3 and affecting the expression of MMP-2/MMP-9.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Ácido Graxo Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Ácido Graxo Sintases , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo
7.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7237-7247, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564876

RESUMO

Background: The health hazards of silica nanoparticle (SiNP) are raising worldwide concern as SiNPs has become the second largest manufactured nanomaterial in global markets. However, insufficient data for the adverse health effects and safety evaluation of SiNPs are remaining a big question. Purpose: We evaluated the effects and related mechanism of SiNPs on pulmonary inflammation and collagen production through repeated intravenous administration in mice in a 45-day observation period. Methods: Morphological and ultrastructural change, ultradistribution of SiNPs in lungs were observed in ICR mice through intravenous administration. Oxidative damage, pro-inflammatory cytokines, hydroxyproline content, the marker of fibroblasts and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and JAK2/STAT3 and TGF-ß1/Smad3 signaling pathways were detected to explore the lung injuries and related mechanism. Results: The results showed repeated intravenous exposure of SiNPs increased the weight of lung tissues and destroyed pulmonary histomorphological structure. The increased MDA content, depletion of SOD and GSH-Px in lungs were observed in SiNP-treated mice. The protein expressions of JAK2/STAT3 pathway were upregulated in lungs, and the levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 in serum and lungs were also elevated in SiNPs treated group. The increased hydroxyproline content indicated collagen accumulation in lungs of SiNP-treated mice. Meanwhile, the protein expressions of the marker of myofibroblast (a-SMA), the regulators in connective tissue remodeling (CTGF), TGF-ß, and p-Smad3 were all upregulated in lungs. In addition, we found intravenous administration of SiNPs-induced ultrastructural changes in type II alveolar epithelial cells but without downregulation of the protein expression of the key markers of epithelial cells (E-Cadherin). Conclusion: Our results revealed that oxidative stress and inflammation contributed to the collagen accumulation through activation of JAK2/STAT3 and TGF-ß/Smad3 pathways. It suggests that pulmonary aberrant inflammation and collagen accumulation induced by nanoparticles should be seriously considered for the safety application in diagnostics or therapeutics.


Assuntos
Colágeno/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Pneumonia/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Dióxido de Silício/administração & dosagem , Proteína Smad3/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Administração Intravenosa , Animais , Caderinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/ultraestrutura , Lesão Pulmonar/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Modelos Biológicos , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Estresse Oxidativo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
8.
Life Sci ; 237: 116929, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610210

RESUMO

LncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 3 (Snhg3) has been involved in cell proliferation and migration in malignant cells. However, its role in regulating functions of non-malignant cells has been hardly reported. Here, we found Snhg3 expression was sharply induced in primary brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMVECs) treated with oxygen-and-glucose-deprivation (OGD) plus hemin, an in vitro model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Downregulation of Snhg3 by siRNA transfection improved cell proliferation and migration abilities and reduced cell apoptosis and monolayer permeability in BMVECs under treatment with OGD plus hemin. Snhg3 overexpression suppressed cell proliferation and migration and increased cell apoptosis and monolayer permeability under normal condition. In ICH rats, downregulation of Snhg3 by siRNA injection improved behavioral and histological manifestations, including number of right turns, limb placement score, integrity of blood-brain barrier (BBB), brain water content and cell apoptosis in vivo. In the mechanism exploration, we found that, TWEAK and Snhg3 displayed a positive correlation with each other. Snhg3 overexpression increased expression of TWEAK protein and its receptor Fn14, that were also induced by OGD plus hemin, activating the downstream neuroinflammatory pathway STAT3 and enhancing the secretion of MMP-2/9. Finally, the TWEAK-siRNA, the Fn14 inhibitor ATA and the STAT3 blocker AG490 were respectively used to treat BMVECs under treatment with OGD plus hemin. Our results showed either TWEAK downregulation, Fn14 inhibition, or STAT3 blockade, could rescue Snhg3-induced impairment of BMVEC functions. In conclusion, the lncRNA Snhg3 contributes to dysfunction of cerebral microvascular cells in ICH rats by activating the TWEAK/Fn14/STAT3 pathway.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/patologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/patologia , Citocina TWEAK/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Receptor de TWEAK/metabolismo , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Hemorragia Cerebral/genética , Hemorragia Cerebral/metabolismo , Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia , Citocina TWEAK/genética , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Masculino , Microvasos/metabolismo , Microvasos/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Receptor de TWEAK/genética , Cicatrização
9.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1164: 63-71, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576540

RESUMO

Gankyrin (also called PSMD10, p28, or p28GANK) is a crucial oncoprotein that is upregulated in various cancers and assumed to play pivotal roles in the initiation and progression of tumors. Although the in vitro function of gankyrin is relatively well characterized, its role in vivo remains to be elucidated. We have investigated the function of gankyrin in vivo by producing mice with liver parenchymal cell-specific gankyrin ablation (Alb-Cre;gankyrinf/f) and gankyrin deletion both in liver parenchymal and in non-parenchymal cells (Mx1-Cre;gankyrinf/f). Gankyrin deficiency both in non-parenchymal cells and parenchymal cells, but not in parenchymal cells alone, reduced STAT3 activity, interleukin-6 production, and cancer stem cell marker expression, leading to attenuated tumorigenic potential in the diethylnitrosamine hepatocarcinogenesis model. Essentially similar results were obtained by analyzing mice with intestinal epithelial cell-specific gankyrin ablation (Villin-Cre;Gankyrinf/f) and gankyrin deletion both in myeloid and epithelial cells (Mx1-Cre;Gankyrinf/f) in the colitis-associated cancer model. Clinically, gankyrin expression in the tumor microenvironment was negatively correlated with progression-free survival in patients undergoing treatment with Sorafenib for hepatocellular carcinomas. These findings indicate important roles played by gankyrin in non-parenchymal cells as well as parenchymal cells in the pathogenesis of liver cancers and colorectal cancers, and suggest that by acting both on cancer cells and on the tumor microenvironment, anti-gankyrin agents would be promising as therapeutic and preventive strategies against various cancers, and that an in vitro cell culture models that incorporate the effects of non-parenchymal cells and gankyrin would be useful for the study of human cell transformation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/fisiopatologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Deleção de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Camundongos , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/genética , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
10.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1469-1475, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607300

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of LNK gene silencing and overexpression on the expression of STAT3 gene in human monocytic leukemia cells (THP-1). METHODS: THP-1 cells were cultured, and the lentivirus was used as a vector to silence and overexpres the LNK gene stably. After transfection for 72 hours, the GFP expression levels were observed by inverted fluorescence microscopy. The lentiviral transfection efficiencies were detected by flow cytometry. The effects of LNK silencing and overexpression were confirmed, and the expression of STAT3 mRNA was detected by RT-PCR. The protein levels of LNK and STAT3 were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: The GFP expression level of THP-1 cells reached more than 85% after transfection with lentivirus for 72 hours, and the transfection efficiency of cells was above 99%. mRNA expressions levels of LNK and STAT3 in LNK silencing group were signifycantly lower than those in control group, while LNK and STAT3 mRNA levels in the LNK overexpression group was significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The protein expression levels of LNK and STAT3 in LNK silencing group were significantly lower than those in control group, while that in LNK overexpression group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The THP-1 cell line with LNK gene silencing and overexpression has been successfully established. The LNK gene silencing resulted in decrease of STAT3 expression; LNK gene overexpression and leads to inereases of STAT3 expression indicating that LNK participates in the regulation of STAT3.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inativação Gênica , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Lentivirus , Proteínas , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Células THP-1 , Transfecção
11.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(5): 698-704, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646323

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the effects of different doses of X-rays on DNA damage and JAK/STAT signaling pathway activation in A549 cells. The A549 cells were radiated with X-rays at doses of 2, 4, and 8 Gy. The proliferation of A549 cells was detected by CCK8 method. The content of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in culture medium at different time points after irradiation was detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay, and the expression levels of IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) and p53 binding protein 1 (53BP1) were detected by immunofluorescent staining. The expression levels of JAK2, p-JAK2, STAT3 and p-STAT3 were detected by Western blot. The results showed that, compared with the control group, X-ray irradiation reduced the cellular proliferation, up-regulated the expression of 53BP1, increased the IL-6 content in the medium supernatant, and up-regulated the protein expression levels of IL-6R, JAK2, p-JAK2, STAT3, and p-STAT3. The above effects of X-ray irradiation were dose-dependent. These results suggest that the mechanism by which X-rays cause DNA damage in A549 cells may involve activation of the JAK/STAT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA/efeitos da radiação , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Células A549 , Humanos , Receptores de Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Proteína 1 de Ligação à Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Raios X
12.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 28(10): 1285-1292, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interleukin 9 (IL-9) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several tumor types, but the role of anti-IL-9 in pancreatic cancer remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the mechanism and effects of blockading IL-9 in a pancreatic cancer mouse model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Panc02 cells were injected subcutaneously into mice to establish a mouse model. The mice were randomly categorized into 3 groups - the control group, the immunoglobulin G (IgG) group and the anti-IL-9 group - corresponding to intravenous tail injection of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), IgG isotype antibody and anti-IL-9 antibody, respectively. Then, the expression of IL-9, interleukin-9 receptor (IL-9r), Janus kinase 1 (Jak1), Jak3, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) mRNA was tested with quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Interleukin 9 in the tumor tissue was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blotting and immunocytochemistry were performed to detect STAT3 and phosphorylation signal transducers and activators of transcription-3 (pSTAT3). Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), MMP9 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels were assessed using immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: Tumor weight in the anti-IL-9 group was significantly lower than in the other groups (p < 0.05). There was a remarkable survival benefit in the anti-IL-9 group compared to the other groups (p < 0.05). The concentration of IL-9 in tumor tissue was significantly downregulated in the anti-IL-9-treated mice (p < 0.05). The expression of Jak1 and Jak3 mRNA and pSTAT3, MMP2 and MMP9 proteins in the anti-IL-9 group was lower than that of the PBS or IgG groups (p < 0.05), but the STAT3 and VEGF protein levels showed no significant difference (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Anti-IL-9 antibody could effectively restrain the growth of pancreatic cancer in mice, and this effect may partly occur by blocking the STAT3 pathway.


Assuntos
Interleucina-9/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Distribuição Aleatória , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(36): 2811-2815, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550807

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the methylation level of SHP-1 promoter region and the effects on the phosphorylation of the Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription 3 (STAT3) protein in bone marrow specimen of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and to explore the relationship of SHP-1 methylation and prognosis of the patients. Method: Bone marrow specimens of 93 patients with MDS were collected from the General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from September 2010 to June 2014. The enrolled subjects included 54 males and 39 females and they were divided into the low-risk group (IPSS score:0-1.0, median: 0.5) and the high-risk group (IPSS score: 1.5-3.0, median: 2.5) according to the International Prognostic Score System (IPSS). The methylation level of SHP-1 was detected by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction, and the level of p-STAT3 was detected using Western blot. Results: In the high-risk group, 64.44% (29/45) of the patients had methylation in the SHP-1 promoter region, which was significantly higher than the low-risk group 22.92% (11/48). Therefore, SHP-1 methylation was frequently presented in the patients of the high-risk group. Similarly, 66.67% (30/45) of the patients in the high-risk group had positive STAT3 phosphorylation status, whereas only 20.83% (10/48) were tested positive in the low-risk group. In addition, correlation analysis also revealed that the SHP-1 methylation rate was positively correlated with the positive rate of STAT3 phosphorylation (r=0.57,P<0.001). Conclusions: SHP-1 methylation is significantly correlated with the risk of MDS patients. It may be used as an independent predictor of shorter survival in patients of the high-risk group. The increased level of SHP-1 methylation will lead to the uncontrolled activation of the downstream JAK/STAT3 pathway, which in turn can cause further positive feedback to amplify the carcinogenic signal.


Assuntos
Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 6/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fosforilação , Prognóstico
14.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 50, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ureteral obstruction causes injury of the renal tissues and can irreversibly progress to renal fibrosis, with atrophy and apoptosis of tubular cells. The goal of the current study was to examine the effects of rhein on the apoptosis o renal tubular cells as well as renal fibrosis using a rodent model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). METHODS: UUO was induced through ureteral ligation, then animals received treatments with rhein or vehicle. The control rats only received sham operation. The renal tissue was harvested 1 week after surgery for assessment of kidney fibrosis. RESULTS: The expressions of collagen I and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), as well as the severity of renal tubular apoptosis and fibrosis were time-dependently increased following UUO. Treatments with rhein partially inhibited such responses. Renal interstitial fibrosis was associated with STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) phosphorylation as well as altered expressions of Bax and Bcl2, both apoptosis-related proteins. Treatment with rhein also partly blocked these responses. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrated that rhein mitigated apoptosis of renal tubular cell as well as renal fibrosis in a UUO rodent model. This curative effect is likely mediated via suppression of STAT3 phosphorylation.


Assuntos
Antraquinonas/administração & dosagem , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/patologia , Obstrução Ureteral/prevenção & controle , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Fibrose/metabolismo , Fibrose/patologia , Fibrose/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Fosforilação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Obstrução Ureteral/metabolismo , Obstrução Ureteral/patologia
16.
Chem Biol Interact ; 312: 108816, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505164

RESUMO

Indirubins E804 (indirubin-3'-(2,3 dihydroxypropyl)-oximether) and 7BIO (7-Bromoindirubin-3'-oxime) are synthetic derivatives of natural indirubin, the active compound in Danggui Longhui Wan, a traditional Chinese remedy for cancer and inflammation. Herein, we explore E804 and 7BIO for their potential to modulate key pro-inflammatory genes and cytokines in LN-18 and T98G glioblastoma cells. High grade gliomas typically secrete large amounts of inflammatory cytokines and growth factors that promote tumor growth in an autocrine fashion. Inflammation is emerging as a key concern in the success of new treatment modalities for glioblastomas. Studies indicate that select indirubin derivatives bind and activate signaling of the AHR pathway, as well as inhibit cyclin-dependent kinases and STAT3 signaling. AHR signaling is involved in hematopoiesis, immune function, cell cycling, and inflammation, and thus may be a possible target for glioma treatment. To determine the significance of the AHR pathway in LN-18 and T98G glioma inflammatory profiles, and on the effects of E804 and 7BIO on these profiles, we used 6,2',4'-trimethoxyflavone (TMF), a putative selective AHR antagonist. It was confirmed that E804 and 7BIO activates the AHR leading to cyp1b1 expression, and that TMF antagonizes expression. We then employed a commercial cancer inflammation and immunity crosstalk qRT-PCR array to screen for anti-inflammatory related properties. TMF alone inhibited expression of ifng, ptsg2, il12b, tnfa, il10, il13, the balance between pd1 and pdl1, and even expression of mhc1a/b. E804 was very potent in suppressing many pro-inflammatory genes, including il1a, il1b, il12a, ptgs2, tlr4, and others. E804 also affected expression of il6, vegfa, and stat3. Conversely, 7BIO induced cox2, but suppressed a different selection of pro-inflammatory genes including nos2, tnfa, and igf1. Secretion of IL-6 protein, an iconic inflammatory cytokine, was decreased by E804. VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) protein secretion was upregulated by 7BIO, yet downregulated by E804 and E804 plus TMF. Thus, E804 is both an AHR ligand and regulator of important pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and oncogene STAT3, among others. Our results point to the use of E804 and TMF in combination as a promising new treatment for glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Indóis/farmacologia , Oximas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Citocromo P-450 CYP1B1/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP1B1/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Indóis/química , Oximas/química , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
17.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(11): 2649-2661, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529191

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The incidence of Urothelial carcinoma of bladder (UBC) is gradually increasing by changing lifestyle and environment. The development of a tumor has been noted to be accompanied by modifications in the extracellular matrix (ECM) consisting of CD44, hyaluronic acid (HA) and its family members. The importance of CD44 splice variants and HA family members has been studied in UBC. METHODS: The cohort of study included 50 UBC patients undergoing radical cystectomy and 50 healthy subjects. The molecular expression of CD44 and HA family members was determined. Effect of CD44 variant-specific silencing on downstream signaling in HT1376 cells was investigated. Combinatorial treatment of 4-MU (4-methylumbelliferone) with cisplatin or doxorubicin on chemosensitivity was also explored. RESULTS: Higher expression of HA, HAS2, and CD44 was observed in Indian UBC patients which also showed the trend with severity of disease. Splice variant assessment of CD44 demonstrated the distinct role of CD44v3 and CD44v6 in bladder cancer progression. shRNA-mediated downregulation of CD44v3 showed an increase effect on cell cycle, apoptosis and multiple downstream signaling cascade including pAkt, pERK and pSTAT3. Furthermore, 4-MU, an HA synthesis inhibitor, observed to complement the effect of Cisplatin or Doxorubicin by enhancing the chemosensitivity of bladder cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings exhibit involvement of CD44 splice variants and HA family members in UBC and significance of 4-MU in enhancing chemosensitivity suggesting their novel therapeutic importance in disease therapeutics.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Receptores de Hialuronatos/genética , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética
18.
Life Sci ; 235: 116799, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472144

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies in the world. Emerging evidence has shown that dysregulation of tripartite motif (TRIM) family proteins is strongly correlated with the tumorigenesis of CRC. Here, we evaluated the biological roles of TRIM66, a member of TRIM family, in the progression of CRC. The results demonstrated that TRIM66 was markedly up-regulated in both CRC tissues and cell lines. To further investigate the functions of TRIM66 in CRC, CRC cells were infected with lentivirus expressing anti-TRIM66 shRNA (sh-TRIM66) or control lentivirus (sh-con). We found that knockdown of TRIM66 significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration, invasion of CRC cells. TRIM66 knockdown also suppressed epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), as proved by the increased E-cadherin expression and decreased expressions of N-cadherin and vimentin. Furthermore, TRIM66 knockdown markedly inhibited tumor growth in a mouse xenograft model. Knockdown of TRIM66 reduced the activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in CRC cells. Treatment with AG490, an inhibitor of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway, enhanced the inhibitory effects of TRIM66 knockdown on cell proliferation, migration and invasion. These findings suggested that knockdown of TRIM66 exhibited anti-tumor activity through inhibiting the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in CRC cells.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/antagonistas & inibidores , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Invasividade Neoplásica , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Yonsei Med J ; 60(10): 924-934, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538427

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Acute leukemia (AL) is classified as acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). This study aimed to investigate the effect of miR-146a on childhood AL and its underlying molecular mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bone marrow samples were obtained from 39 AL children and 10 non-cancer controls. The expressions of miR-146a and ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor (CNTFR) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in ALL and AML pediatric patients, as well as ALL (Jurkat) and AML (HL-60) cells. Correlations between miR-146a and clinical indicators were explored. A targeting relationship between miR-146a and CNTFR was detected by dual luciferase reporter gene assay. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of Jurkat and HL-60 cells were measured by MTT assay, flow cytometry, and transwell assay, respectively. LIF expression was detected by qRT-PCR in Jurkat and HL-60 cells. The expression of p-JAK2, JAK2, p-STAT3, and STAT3 in HL-60 cells was measured by Western blot. RESULTS: miR-146a was increased in ALL and AML pediatric patients, while CNTFR was decreased. miR-146a expression was associated with immunophenotype, karyotype, fusion gene, and SIL-TAL1. CNTFR was a target gene of miR-146a. miR-146a could promote cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, as well as inhibit cell apoptosis in Jurkat and HL-60 cells by downregulating CNTFR. Meanwhile, miR-146a inhibited the expression of LIF and activated JAK2/STAT3 pathway by downregulating CNTFR. CONCLUSION: miR-146a could promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion and inhibit the apoptosis of AL Jurkat and HL-60 cells by downregulating CNTFR and activating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo/genética , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptor do Fator Neutrófico Ciliar/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Apoptose/genética , Sequência de Bases , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Lactente , Células Jurkat , Fator Inibidor de Leucemia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Receptor do Fator Neutrófico Ciliar/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima/genética
20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(40): 11137-11147, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532202

RESUMO

MicroRNA-mediated gene regulation is important for the development of the mammary gland and the lactating process. A previous study has shown that the expression of microRNA-21 (miR-21) is different in the dry and early lactation period of the dairy cow mammary gland, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the lactation cycle are not fully understood. Here, the function of miR-21-3p on bovine mammary gland epithelial cells (BMECs) was detected by MTT assay and flow cytometry analysis, which showed that miR-21-3p significantly promoted the cell viability and proliferation. Then, the regulating mechanism of miR-21-3p on cell viability and proliferation was elucidated. Dual luciferase assay, RT-qPCR, and Western blot results revealed that IGFBP5 was a target gene of miR-21-3p. It was known that lncRNA could act as a competing endogenous RNA to sequester miRNAs and reduce the regulatory effect of miRNA-targeted genes. Based on our previous lncRNA-seq data and bioinformatics analysis, lncRNA NONBTAT017009.2 was potentially associated with miR-21-3p, and its expression was specifically inhibited with the transfection of miR-21-3p mimic into BMECs. Inversely, the overexpression of NONBTAT017009.2 significantly decreased the expression level of miR-21-3p in BMECs, while the expression of IGFBP5, the target gene of miR-21-3p, was significantly upregulated. In addition, the promoter region of miR-21 contained two STAT3 binding sites, and the dual luciferase reporter assays revealed that the overexpression of STAT3 significantly reduced the promoter activity of miR-21, implying that the transcription factor STAT3 may act as an upstream regulator affecting the regulation process of miR-21-3p. The overexpression of STAT3 significantly inhibited the expression of miR-21-3p, while the mRNA expression of IGFBP5 was significantly increased compared with the control group. Besides, there are no STAT3 binding sites in the promoter region of IGFBP5 as we predicted by gene-regulation and JASPAR software. Therefore, it could infer that STAT3 might regulate the expression of IGFBP5 by miR-21-3p. Taken together, these results established a regulatory network of miR-21-3p to illustrate the regulating mechanism on promoting cow mammary epithelial cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Bovinos/genética , Proliferação de Células , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/citologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Animais , Bovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bovinos/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA