Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 976.209
Filtrar
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249104, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339389

RESUMO

Abstract The present study was designed to evaluate the strength of association of raised plasma homocysteine concentration as a risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of conventional risk factor. It was a case control study conducted at Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore. A total of 210 subjects aged 25 to 60 years comprising of 105 newly admitted patients of CHD as cases and 105 age and sex matched healthy individuals with no history of CHD as control were recruited for the study. Fasting blood samples were obtained from cases and controls. Plasma homocysteine was analyzed by fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) method on automated immunoassay analyzer (Abbott IMX). Total cholesterol, triglyceride and HDL cholesterol were analyzed using calorimetric kit methods. The concentration of LDL cholesterol was calculated using Friedewald formula. The patients were also assessed for traditional risk factors such as age, sex, family history of CVD, hypertension, smoking and physical activity, and were compared with control subjects. The collected data was entered in SPSS version 24 for analysis and interpretation.The mean age in controls and experimental groups were 43.00± 8.42 years and 44.72± 8.59 years with statistically same distribution (p- value= 0.144). The mean plasma homocysteine for cases was 22.33± 9.22 µmol/L where as it was 12.59±3.73 µmol/L in control group. Highly significant difference was seen between the mean plasma level of homocysteine in cases and controls (p˂0.001).Simple logistic regression indicates a strong association of coronary heart disease with hyperhomocysteinemia (OR 7.45), which remained significantly associated with coronary heart disease by multivariate logistic regression (OR 7.10, 95%C1 3.12-12.83, p=0.000). The present study concludes that elevated levels of Plasma homocysteine is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of conventional risk factors and can be used as an indicator for predicting the future possibility for the onset of CVD.


Resumo O presente estudo foi desenhado para avaliar a força da associação da concentração elevada de homocisteína no plasma como um fator de risco para doença cardíaca coronária independente do fator de risco convencional. Foi um estudo de caso-controle realizado no Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore. Um total de 210 indivíduos com idade entre 25 e 60 anos, compreendendo 105 pacientes recém-admitidos de CHD como casos e 105 indivíduos saudáveis ​​pareados por idade e sexo sem histórico de CHD como controle, foi recrutado para o estudo. Amostras de sangue em jejum foram obtidas de casos e controles. A homocisteína plasmática foi analisada pelo método de imunoensaio de polarização de fluorescência (FPIA) em analisador de imunoensaio automatizado (Abbott IMX). Colesterol total, triglicerídeos e colesterol HDL foram analisados ​​usando métodos de kit calorimétrico. A concentração de colesterol LDL foi calculada pela fórmula de Friedewald. Os pacientes também foram avaliados para fatores de risco tradicionais, como idade, sexo, história familiar de DCV, hipertensão, tabagismo e atividade física, e foram comparados com indivíduos de controle. Os dados coletados foram inseridos no SPSS versão 24 para análise e interpretação. A média de idade nos grupos controles e experimentais foi de 43,00 ± 8,42 anos e 44,72 ± 8,59 anos com distribuição estatisticamente igual (p-valor = 0,144). A homocisteína plasmática média para os casos foi de 22,33 ± 9,22 µmol / L, enquanto no grupo controle foi de 12,59 ± 3,73 µmol / L. Diferença altamente significativa foi observada entre o nível plasmático médio de homocisteína em casos e controles (p ˂ 0,001). A regressão logística simples indica uma forte associação de doença cardíaca coronária com hiper-homocisteinemia (OR 7,45), que permaneceu significativamente associada com doença cardíaca coronária por multivariada regressão logística (OR 7,10, 95% C1 3,12-12,83, p = 0,000). O presente estudo conclui que níveis elevados de homocisteína plasmática são fator de risco independente para doença cardíaca coronária, independentemente dos fatores de risco convencionais, e pode ser usado como um indicador para prever a possibilidade futura de aparecimento de DCV.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença das Coronárias/embriologia , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/diagnóstico , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fatores de Risco , Jejum
2.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 6687626, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340212

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with an increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, whether this association is causal is undetermined. Methods: Each participant from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort study based on 27,009 retirees was interviewed face-to-face following a clinical examination. Covariance, logistic regression analysis, and instrumental variables were used to assess associations between SUA and (severity of) NAFLD and the causal link. Results: Among 8,429 subjects free of NAFLD at baseline, 2,007 participants developed NAFLD after 5 years of follow-up. The multivariable-adjusted odds ratio (OR) for NAFLD for individuals in the fourth quartile of SUA level versus those in the first was 1.71 (95% CI: 1.45-2.01, P for trend <0.001) and was more dramatic in women or normal-weight persons. Furthermore, SUA was materially associated with greater mean markers of hepatic necroinflammation and greater probabilities of fibrosis. In genetic analyses, both single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs11722228 to SLC2A9 and rs2231142 to ABCG2) were pronouncedly associated with increased SUA concentrations, ranging from 0.19 to 0.22 mg/dl. No significant associations were observed between SNPs and potential confounders. No association was observed between the SUA-increasing allele and NAFLD, with an OR of 0.98 (95% CI: 0.90-1.08) per genetic score. This was not significantly different (P = 0.25) from what was expected (1.03, 95% CI: 1.03-1.03). Conclusions: SUA was positively associated with NAFLD incidence especially in female and normal-weight individuals and the suspected progression risk of newly developed NAFLD. However, the Mendelian randomization analyses lend no causal evidence, suggesting high SUA as a marker and not a cause of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Ácido Úrico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Proteínas Facilitadoras de Transporte de Glucose , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
3.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 210(4): 257-263, 2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35212665

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: We aimed to explore the prevalence and determinants of severe COVID-19 disease and mortality in patients with schizophrenia in this study. We conducted a retrospective observational study of 1620 patients with schizophrenia. Of the 1620 patients, 52 (3.2%) tested positive for SARS-CoV-19. Among SARS-CoV-2-positive patients, 40 patients were hospitalized, and 17 patients required intensive care unit admission due to COVID-19 (76.9% and 32.7%, respectively). Severe COVID-19 disease was noted in 17 patients (32.7%) requiring intubation. In the logistic regression analysis, antipsychotic dose, and comorbidity score were independently associated with a greater risk of severe COVID-19 disease in patients with schizophrenia. Our study suggests that factors such as age, sex, comorbidities, and a daily antipsychotic dose may have effects on the poor outcome of SARS-CoV-2 disease in schizophrenia patients. In addition, the current findings propose that mortality may be associated with an older age, comorbidity score, and a longer duration of psychiatric disease among the SARS-CoV-2-positive patients with schizophrenia. However, the findings of our study should be verified in prospective and larger sample studies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Esquizofrenia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Demografia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2 , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia
5.
Artif Organs ; 46(4): 597-605, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: M101 is an extracellular hemoglobin isolated from a marine lugworm and is present in the medical device HEMO2 life®. The clinical investigation OXYOP was a paired kidney analysis (n = 60) designed to evaluate the safety and performance of HEMO2 life® used as an additive to preservation solution in renal transplantation. The secondary efficacy endpoints showed less delayed graft function (DGF) and better renal function in the HEMO2 life® group but due to the study design cold ischemia time (CIT) was longer in the contralateral kidneys. METHODS: An additional analysis was conducted including OXYOP patients and patients from the ASTRE database (n = 6584) to verify that the decrease in DGF rates observed in the HEMO2 life® group may not be due solely to the shorter CIT but also to HEMO2 life® performance. Kaplan-Meier estimate curves of cumulative probability of achieving a creatinine level below 250 µmol/L were generated and compared in both groups. A Cox model was used to test the effect of the explanatory variables (use of HEMO2 life® and CIT). Finally, a bootstrap strategy was used to randomly select smaller samples of patients and test them for statistical comparison in the ASTRE database. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier estimate curves confirmed the existence of a relation between DGF and CIT and Cox analysis showed a benefit in the HEMO2 life® group regardless of the associated CIT. Boostrap analysis confirmed these results. CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggested that the better recovery of renal function observed among kidneys preserved with HEMO2 life® in the OXYOP study is a therapeutic benefit of this breakthrough innovative medical device.


Assuntos
Isquemia Fria , Transplante de Rim , Isquemia Fria/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Fria/métodos , Função Retardada do Enxerto , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Hemoglobinas , Humanos , Rim/fisiologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
6.
Horm Metab Res ; 54(2): 84-93, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130569

RESUMO

Long-term glycemic fluctuation has been associated with cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the findings are inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to summarize the association between parameters of long-term glycemic variability and risk of cardiovascular events in T2DM patients. Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched for longitudinal follow-up studies comparing the incidence of cardiovascular events in T2DM patients with higher or lower long-term glycemic variability. A random-effect model incorporating the potential heterogeneity among the included studies was used to pool the results. Twelve follow-up studies with 146 653 T2DM patients were included. The mean follow-up duration was 4.9 years. Pooled results showed that compared to those with the lowest glycemic variability, patients with the highest glycemic variability had significantly increased risk of cardiovascular events, as evidenced by the standard deviation of glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c-SD: relative risk (RR)=1.44, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.23 to 1.69, p<0.001; I2=70%], HbA1c coefficient of variation (HbA1c-CV: RR=1.46, 95% CI: 1.19 to 1.79. p<0.001; I2=83%), standard deviation of fasting plasma glucose (FPG-SD: RR=1.33, 95% CI: 1.07 to 1.65, p=0.009; I2=0%), and FPG coefficient of variation (FPG-CV: RR=1.29, 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.64, p=0.04; I2=47%). In conclusion, increased long-term glycemic variability may be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events in T2DM patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Glicemia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Jejum , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
7.
Horm Metab Res ; 54(2): 104-112, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130571

RESUMO

Some studies have suggested that diabetes may be a risk factor for osteoarthritis. However, whether prediabetes is also associated with osteoarthritis has not been comprehensively examined. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between prediabetes and osteoarthritis. This meta-analysis included relevant observational studies from Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases. A random-effect model after incorporation of the intra-study heterogeneity was selected to pool the results. Ten datasets from six observational studies were included, which involved 41 226 general adults and 10 785 (26.2%) of them were prediabetic. Pooled results showed that prediabetes was not independently associated with osteoarthritis [risk ratio (RR): 1.07, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.00 to 1.14, p=0.06, I2=0%]. Sensitivity limited to studies with adjustment of age and body mass index showed consistent result (RR: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.14, p=0.09, I2=0%). Results of subgroup analyses showed that prediabetes was not associated with osteoarthritis in cross-sectional or cohort studies, in studies including Asian or non-Asian population, or in studies with different quality scores (p for subgroup difference>0.10). Besides, prediabetes was not associated with osteoarthritis in men or in women, in studies with prediabetes defined as impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or HbA1c (approximately 39-46 mmol/mol). Moreover, prediabetes was not associated with overall osteoarthritis, and knee or hip osteoarthritis. Current evidence does not support that prediabetes is independently associated with osteoarthritis in adult population.


Assuntos
Intolerância à Glucose , Osteoartrite , Estado Pré-Diabético , Adulto , Glicemia/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
8.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 26(1): 22-28, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a herpes virus that causes latent infections, and its reactivation due to immunosuppression can cause fatal complications. CMV reactivation is a complication frequently occurring in patients with kidney disease who require immunosuppressive therapy, and, therefore, this study retrospectively examined its risk factors. METHODS: Patients who received immunosuppressive therapy and underwent the CMV antigenemia test (CMV antigenemia: C7-HRP) for the treatment of primary nephritis (minimal change disease, membranous nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, focal glomerulosclerosis, and IgA nephropathy) and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated nephritis diagnosed at Saiseikai Kurihashi Hospital from January 2014 to December 2019 were recruited as study participants. Risk factors of CMV reactivation were examined using univariable and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: Among the 64 patients (36 men and 28 women; median age, 72 years) included, 34 had primary nephritis (20 minimal disease changes, 10 membranous nephropathy, 1 membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, 1 focal glomerulosclerosis, and 2 IgA nephropathy) and 30 had ANCA-associated nephritis. Regarding glucocorticoid (GC), 43 patients received oral GC therapy, whereas 21 received GC pulse therapy. CMV reactivation participants showed significant differences in age, ANCA-associated nephritis, hemoglobin level, lymphocyte count, maximum GC dosage, and hemodialysis in univariable analysis. Multivariate analysis showed significantly lower lymphocyte counts in CMV-reactivated patients, but no significant difference in other factors. CONCLUSION: In patients with kidney disease, who require immunosuppressive therapy, CMV reactivation risk is high in patients with low lymphocyte count, and monitoring CMV during the treatment course could lead to early diagnosis and treatment of CMV disease.


Assuntos
Citomegalovirus , Nefropatias , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ativação Viral
9.
Anticancer Res ; 42(5): 2657-2663, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Many head-and-neck cancer patients receive radiotherapy, which may be associated with significant toxicities. Xerostomia is considered one of the most debilitating late adverse events. This study was performed to identify risk factors for xerostomia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Several characteristics were investigated for associations with late xerostomia in 159 patients irradiated for head-and-neck cancer including age, sex, tumor site and size, underlying pathology, histologic grading, upfront resection, systemic treatment, and type and dose of radiotherapy. RESULTS: Ninety (57%) and 35 (22%) patients experienced grade ≥2 and ≥3 xerostomia, respectively. Grade ≥2 xerostomia was significantly associated with tumor site (nasopharynx/oropharynx/oral cavity/floor of mouth, p=0.049). Grade ≥3 xerostomia was significantly associated with age ≥61 years (p=0.035); trends were found for tumor site (p=0.088), bilateral nodal involvement (p=0.093), definitive treatment (p=0.082), and systemic treatment (p=0.055). CONCLUSION: Risk factors for xerostomia following radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancers were identified including older age, unfavorable tumor site, bilateral involvement of lymph nodes, definitive treatment, and addition of systemic therapies. For patients with risk factors, sparing of the salivary glands is particularly important.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Xerostomia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Glândulas Salivares , Xerostomia/epidemiologia , Xerostomia/etiologia
10.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-6, 01/jan./2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366907

RESUMO

Objetivos: estabelecer diagnóstico diferencial das demências em ambulatório de geriatria no Distrito Federal, calculando-se sua prevalência por meio de exame clínico e avaliação multifuncional. Método: estudo longitudinal, retrospectivo, com amostra de pessoas com 60 anos ou mais residentes no Distrito Federal-Brasil, com déficit cognitivo caracterizado por Transtorno Neurocognitivo (TNC) Maior (demência), cadastradas durante os anos de 2010 a 2018. A coleta de dados foi realizada em prontuários para selecionar e avaliar o perfil do idoso com diagnóstico de TNC seguida de avaliação geriátrica ampla e avaliação multifuncional. A análise de dados foi realizada com o cálculo da prevalência, estatística descritiva e índice V de Cramer. Resultados: 158 indivíduos conseguiram concluir todas as avalições. 52,5% possuem de 80 a 89 anos, 62,5% são mulheres e 62,7% caucasianos, 50,6% viúvos e 47,5% analfabetos. A prevalência inicial de Doença de Alzheimer (DA) foi de 45,6%, reduzindo-se para 35,4% após um período de acompanhamento e a demência vascular (DV) foi de 34,2%, inicialmente, e 45,6% ao final. Utilizou-se o Coeficiente V de Cramer, em que se encontrou uma relação fraca de fatores de risco com os diagnósticos das demências apresentados. Conclusão: DV foi a mais prevalente na área estudada. Entende-se ser a maior frequência de DA esteja relacionada à avaliação superficial uma vez que esse tipo de demência é mundialmente mais frequente


Objetivos: estabelecer diagnóstico diferencial das demências em ambulatório de geriatria no Distrito Federal, calculando-se sua prevalência por meio de exame clínico e avaliação multifuncional. Método: estudo longitudinal, retrospectivo, com amostra de pessoas com 60 anos ou mais residentes no Distrito Federal-Brasil, com déficit cognitivo caracterizado por Transtorno Neurocognitivo (TNC) Maior (demência), cadastradas durante os anos de 2010 a 2018. A coleta de dados foi realizada em prontuários para selecionar e avaliar o perfil do idoso com diagnóstico de TNC seguida de avaliação geriátrica ampla e avaliação multifuncional. A análise de dados foi realizada com o cálculo da prevalência, estatística descritiva e índice V de Cramer. Resultados: 158 indivíduos conseguiram concluir todas as avalições. 52,5% possuem de 80 a 89 anos, 62,5% são mulheres e 62,7% caucasianos, 50,6% viúvos e 47,5% analfabetos. A prevalência inicial de Doença de Alzheimer (DA) foi de 45,6%, reduzindo-se para 35,4% após um período de acompanhamento e a demência vascular (DV) foi de 34,2%, inicialmente, e 45,6% ao final. Utilizou-se o Coeficiente V de Cramer, em que se encontrou uma relação fraca de fatores de risco com os diagnósticos das demências apresentados. Conclusão: DV foi a mais prevalente na área estudada. Entende-se ser a maior frequência de DA esteja relacionada à avaliação superficial uma vez que esse tipo de demência é mundialmente mais frequente


Assuntos
Demência , Doença de Alzheimer , Mulheres , Demência Vascular , Avaliação Geriátrica , Saúde Pública , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos Neurocognitivos , Geriatria , Pessoas
11.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-9727

RESUMO

O vídeo explica como os fatores de risco podem contribuir para o adoecimento ou aumentar o agravamento de uma doença. O aplicativo FioLibras é um projeto do Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Icict/Fiocruz), em parceria com o Núcleo de Estudos em Diversidade e Inclusão de Surdos da Universidade Federal Fluminense (Nuedis/UFF), e conta com financiamento do Fundo de Inovação da Fiocruz e do Ministério da Saúde, por meio do Programa Fiocruz de Fomento à Inovação (Inova Fiocruz).


Assuntos
Fatores de Risco , Infecções por Coronavirus , Disseminação de Informação , Línguas de Sinais , e-Acessibilidade
12.
Ars pharm ; 63(2)abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202810

RESUMO

Introducción: La alfabetización en salud es una medida de la capacidad de los pacientes de leer, comprender y tomar decisiones en base a instrucciones médicas. La inadecuada alfabetización se asocia a un peor estado de salud en pacientes con enfermedades crónicas. El momento de la dispensación podría ser una oportunidad para evaluar esta condición por el farmacéutico de atención primariaEl objeto de este estudio fue evaluar la relación de alfabetización en salud y los valores de colesterol total y comorbilidades en personas con prescripción de hipolipemiantes atendidos en un centro de jubilados.Método:Se diseñó un estudio prospectivo donde se evaluó la relación de la alfabetización utilizando Short Assessment of Health Literacy for Spanish-speaking Adults y el valor de colesterol , medicamentos , factores de riesgo y comorbilidades. Todas estas variables se analizaron en forma integrada en un análisis multivariado. Resultados: Participaron 178 pacientes, 63% mujeres. El puntaje promedio de SAHLSA fue 43,4 ± 5,5. Se encontró una inadecuada alfabetización en 24%. pacientes El valor promedio de colesterol en estre grupo de pacientes fue 235,17mg/dl vs 193,53mg/dl quienes tenian adecuada alfabetización en salud.Se realizó un análisis multivariado que mostró asociación entre inadecuada alfabetización en salud, bajo nivel de educación y conocimiento del paciente . El número de internaciones y la aparición de eventos coronarios fueron significativamente mayor en los pacientes con alfabetización en salud insuficiente. Conclusiones: Se encontró relación directa entre el grado de alfabetización en salud y los valores de colesterol total en pacientes en tratamiento por hipercolesterolemia (AU)


Introduction: Health literacy is a measure of the ability of patients to read, understand and make decisions based on medical instructions. Inadequate health literacy is associated with poorer health in patients with chronic diseases. Time of dispensing could be an opportunity for the primary care pharmacist to evaluate this condition by the. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of Health literacy and the values of total cholesterol and comorbidities in people with a prescription of lipid-lowering drugs treated in a retirement center. Method: A prospective study was designed where the relationship of Health literacy was evaluated using Short Assessment of Health Literacy for Spanish-speaking Adults and the value of cholesterol, medications, risk factors and comorbidities. All these variables were analyzed in an integrated manner in a multivariate analysis.Results:178 patients participated, 63% women. The mean SAHLSA score was 43.4 ± 5.5. Inadequate HL was found in 24%. patients.The mean cholesterol value in patients with inadequate Health literacy was 235.17mg / dl vs 193.53mg / dl among those with adequate Health literacy.A multivariate analysis was performed that showed an association between inadequate Health literacy, the level of education and the patient’s knowledge of normal values of total cholesterol. The number of hospitalizations and the occurrence of coronary events were significantly higher in patients with insufficient Health literacy. Conclusions: A direct relationship was found between the degree of Health literacy and total cholesterol values in patients undergoing treatment for hypercholesterolemia (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Letramento em Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Colesterol/sangue , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Assistência Farmacêutica , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise Multivariada , Comorbidade , Escolaridade , Estudos Transversais
13.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 606, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35655253

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Central lymph node status in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) plays an important role in treatment decision-making clinically, however, it is not easy to predict central lymph node metastasis (CLNM). The present work focused on finding the more rational alternative for evaluating central lymph node status while identifying influencing factors to construct a model to predict CLNM incidence. METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the typical sonographic and clinicopathologic features of 546 PTMC patients who underwent surgery, among which, the data of 382 patients were recruited in the training cohort and that of 164 patients in the validation cohort. Based on the outcome of the training cohort, significant influencing factors were further identified through univariate analysis and were considered as independent variables in multivariable logistic regression analysis and incorporated in and presented with a nomogram. RESULTS: In total, six independent predictors, including the age, sex, tumor size, multifocality, capsular invasion, Hashimotos thyroiditis were entered into the nomogram. Both internal validation and external validation revealed the favorable discrimination of our as-constructed nomogram. Calibration curves exhibited high consistency. As suggested by decision-curve analyses, the as-constructed nomogram might be applied in clinic. Besides, the model also distinguished patients according to risk stratification. CONCLUSIONS: The novel nomogram containing remarkable influencing factors for CLNM cases was established in the present work. The nomogram can assist clinicians in clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Linfonodos , Carcinoma Papilar , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide
14.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 208, 2022 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35659226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk prediction is an essential part of preventative medicine and in recent years genomic information has become an interesting factor in risk models. Polygenic risk scores (PRS) combine the effect of many genetic variations into a single score which has been shown to have predictive value for many diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between PRS for endometriosis and the clinical presentation of the disease. METHODS: Women with endometriosis (N = 172) were identified at the Department of Gynecology. All participants answered questionnaires regarding sociodemographic factors, lifestyle habits and medical history, registered bowel symptoms on the Visual Analog Scale for Irritable Bowel Syndrome and passed blood samples. DNA was extracted and samples were genotyped, and a PRS was calculated based on previous genome-wide association studies of endometriosis. Inflammatory proteins and TSH receptor antibodies (TRAb) in serum were analyzed. RESULTS: Inverse associations were identified between PRS and spread of endometriosis, involvement of the gastrointestinal tract and hormone treatment. However, significance was lost when calculated as p for trend and the specificity and sensitivity were low. There were no correlations between PRS and TRAb or inflammatory proteins. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that specific PRS should be developed to predict clinical presentations in patient with endometriosis.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Endometriose/diagnóstico , Endometriose/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
15.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 100(7): 973-983, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35670836

RESUMO

Coregulator proteins interact with signal-dependent transcription factors to modify their transcriptional activity. ZMIZ1 and ZMIZ2 (zinc finger MIZ-type containing 1 and 2) are coregulators with nonredundant functions that share unique structural characteristics. Among other interacting domains, they possess a MIZ (Msx-interacting zinc finger) that relates them to members of the protein inhibitor of activated STAT (PIAS) family and provides them the capacity to function as SUMO E3 ligases. The ZMIZ proteins stimulate the activity of various signaling pathways, including the androgen receptor (AR), P53, SMAD3/4, WNT/ß-catenin, and NOTCH1 pathways, and interact with the BAF chromatin remodeling complex. Due to their molecular versatility, ZMIZ proteins have pleiotropic effects and thus are important for embryonic development and for human diseases. Both have been widely associated with cancer, and ZMIZ1 has been very frequently identified as a risk allele for several autoimmune conditions and other disorders. Moreover, mutations in the coding region of the ZMIZ1 gene are responsible for a severe syndromic neurodevelopmental disability. Because the actions of coregulators are highly gene-specific, a better knowledge of the associations that exist between the function of the ZMIZ coregulators and human pathologies is expected to potentiate the use of ZMIZ1 and ZMIZ2 as new drug targets for diseases such as hormone-dependent cancers.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Inibidoras de STAT Ativados , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Inibidoras de STAT Ativados/genética , Proteínas Inibidoras de STAT Ativados/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
16.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 210, 2022 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner violence (IPV) among pregnant women is a significant problem of public health importance. Nevertheless, there are relatively few studies which have examined the phenomenon in sub-Saharan settings. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the prevalence, perpetrators, and associated factors of IPV during pregnancy in Kenya. METHODS: We were making use of the 2014 Kenyan Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) data and included women and girls of reproductive age (15-49 years) who have ever been pregnant ([Formula: see text]). A weighted sample of respondents who have experienced violence during pregnancy ([Formula: see text]) were selected for further bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses in order to examine the association between IPV and socio-demographic factors. RESULTS: The prevalence of violence among pregnant women in Kenya was 9.2%, perpetrated mostly by the current husband or partner (47.6%), followed by the former husband or partner (31.5%). Physical violence was the most common (78.6%), followed by emotional (67.8%) and sexual (34.8%). Having one or two children ([Formula: see text]; [Formula: see text]), having secondary or higher education ([Formula: see text]; [Formula: see text]) and being 18 years and above at first cohabitation ([Formula: see text]; [Formula: see text]) and at sexual debut ([Formula: see text]; [Formula: see text]) were significantly associated with fewer reports of violence during pregnancy. Pregnant women who were divorced, separated or widowed ([Formula: see text]; [Formula: see text]), who were employed ([Formula: see text]; [Formula: see text]), who had witnessed their fathers beat their mothers ([Formula: see text]; [Formula: see text]) and who had primary education ([Formula: see text]; [Formula: see text]) were significantly more likely to experience violence. CONCLUSIONS: To prevent violence among pregnant women in Kenya, training health care providers should go hand in hand with interventions sensitising and mobilising community members, both addressing the socio-demographic drivers of IPV during pregnancy and directing a particular attention to the most vulnerable ones.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Gestantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Quênia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Gestantes/psicologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682468

RESUMO

Eating disorders are multifaceted psychopathologies and the transdiagnostic approach is currently considered a useful framework to understand their complexity. This preliminary study aimed to investigate both broad (i.e., intolerance of uncertainty and emotion dysregulation) and narrow (i.e., extreme body dissatisfaction) transdiagnostic risk factors underlying eating disorders. 50 Italian female patients seeking treatment for an eating disorder were involved (Mage = 31.6 years ± 12.8, 18-65). They completed self-report measures assessing emotion regulation difficulties, intolerance of uncertainty, extreme body dissatisfaction, general psychological distress, and eating disorder symptomatology. To explore whether the abovementioned transdiagnostic factors predicted patients' psychological distress and eating disorder symptoms, two linear regressions were performed. Emotion dysregulation emerged as the only significant predictor of distress, while extreme body dissatisfaction was the only significant predictor of overall eating disorder symptomatology. Then, to analyze the differences between patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in intolerance of uncertainty and emotion regulation problems, t-tests were conducted. The two groups differed significantly in intolerance of uncertainty levels only, with higher scores obtained by patients with anorexia nervosa. Overall, our findings suggest that emotion dysregulation and extreme body dissatisfaction may be relevant constructs in eating disorders in general, while intolerance of uncertainty may be more involved in restrictive eating disorders. The clinical implications of such results are discussed.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa , Insatisfação Corporal , Bulimia Nervosa , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Adulto , Anorexia Nervosa/epidemiologia , Bulimia Nervosa/psicologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with workplace bullying, sexual harassment and racial harassment among Italian health workers. METHODS: We recruited 3129 participants using an online Italian translation of the 'Workplace Violence in the Health Sector Country Case Studies Research Instruments Survey' (WVHS) questionnaire. Data were analyzed with univariate (chi-square) and multivariate (multiple logistic regression) analysis. RESULTS: Univariate analysis shows that females are significantly more affected by bullying (16.4% vs. 12.3%) and sexual harassment (2.4% vs. 1.3%). On the other hand, males are significantly more affected by racial harassment (3.1% vs. 2.0%). Multivariate analysis shows higher odds of being affected by bullying (OR = 1.30; 95% CI (1.03, 1.64)) and sexual harassment (OR = 2.08; 95% CI (1.04, 4.00)) for females, and higher odds of undergoing racial harassment (OR = 1.55; 95% CI (0.95, 2.53)) for males. CONCLUSION: This analysis of work situations looks to identify those risk factors, existing or potential, that increase the probability of episodes of violence. A group of work or other subjects identified by direction will have to evaluate the vulnerability of workplaces and establish more effective preventive actions to be adopted.


Assuntos
Bullying , Assédio Sexual , Violência no Trabalho , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
19.
J Am Coll Surg ; 234(6): 1137-1146, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging literature suggests that measures of social vulnerability should be incorporated into surgical risk calculators. The Social Vulnerability Index (SVI) is a measure designed by the CDC that encompasses 15 socioeconomic and demographic variables at the census tract level. We examined whether adding the SVI into a parsimonious surgical risk calculator would improve model performance. STUDY DESIGN: The eight-variable Surgical Risk Preoperative Assessment System (SURPAS), developed using the entire American College of Surgeons (ACS) NSQIP database, was applied to local ACS-NSQIP data from 2012 to 2018 to predict 12 postoperative outcomes. Patient addresses were geocoded and used to estimate the SVI, which was then added to the model as a ninth predictor variable. Brier scores and c-indices were compared for the models with and without the SVI. RESULTS: The analysis included 31,222 patients from five hospitals. Brier scores were identical for eight outcomes and improved by only one to two points in the fourth decimal place for four outcomes with addition of the SVI. Similarly, c-indices were not significantly different (p values ranged from 0.15 to 0.96). Of note, the SVI was associated with most of the eight SURPAS predictor variables, suggesting that SURPAS may already indirectly capture this important risk factor. CONCLUSION: The eight-variable SURPAS prediction model was not significantly improved by adding the SVI, showing that this parsimonious tool functions well without including a measure of social vulnerability.


Assuntos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Vulnerabilidade Social , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
20.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 238, 2022 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35715767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem and a violation of women's human rights. Almost one third of women aged 15-49 years who have been in a relationship have experienced to some form of physical and/or sexual violence by their intimate partner worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of intimate partner violence within the last 12 months and associated factors among reproductive aged women in Liberia. METHOD: This study was based on a large community-based cross-sectional survey, Liberia Demographic Health Survey (LDHS), conducted From October 16, 2019, to February 12, 2020, in Liberia. The 2019-20 LDHS used a stratified two-stage cluster design. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent intimate partner violence among reproductive age women in Liberia and to control confounders. Adjusted odds ratio and confidence interval (CI) were used to declare statistical significance in the final model. Those variables with p value < 0.05 were considered as statistically significant. RESULT: The overall prevalence of IPV within the last 12 months was 44.74% (42.73-46.77). age of the women 41% (AOR = 0.59, 95%CI 0.37-0.93), 42% (AOR = 0.58, 95%CI 0.35-0.94), and 59% (AOR = 0.41, 95%CI 0.25-0.68) among women with in the age group of 35-39, 40-44 and 45-49 respectively, south central region (AOR = 0.71, 95%CI 0.52-0.96), women's primary education (AOR = 1.28, 95%CI 1.01-1.63), female household head (AOR = 0.77, 95%CI 0.61-0.97), husbands higher education (AOR = 0.62, 95%CI 0.39-0.99), positive wife beating attitude (AOR = 1.57, 95%CI 1.29-1.90), husband drinks (AOR = 2.59, 95%CI 2.14-3.15) and Women's decision making autonomy (AOR = 0.75, 95%CI 0.61-0.93) were significantly associated with IPV. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of IPV in Liberia was high. Socio-demographic characteristics of women, husbands education, sex of household head, having a positive attitude towards wife-beating, partner's alcohol drinking habit and women empowerment was significantly associated with IPV in Liberia. Policymakers and program designers have to take into account those factors when they design interventions to reduce IPV in Liberia.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Libéria/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Parceiros Sexuais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...