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1.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 247-253, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of treatment time on the outcome of patients with ischemic stroke undergoing reperfusion therapy. METHODS: The clinical data of 3229 ischemic stroke patients who received intravenous thrombolysis with or without arterial thrombolysis from 71 hospitals in Zhejiang province from June 2017 to September 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. The good outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ≤ 2. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association of door to needle time (DNT), or door to reperfusion time (DRT) with the outcomes in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis or bridging arterial thrombolysis, respectively. RESULTS: Binary logistic regression showed that DNT (OR=0.994, 95%CI:0.991-0.997, P<0.01) or DRT (OR=0.989, 95%CI:0.983-0.995, P<0.01) were independently associated with good outcomes, respectively. Every hour decreases in DNT resulted in a 4.7%increased probability of functional independence (mRS 0-2) in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis; Every hour decreases in DRT was associated with a 11.4%increased probability of functional independence in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis with arterial thrombolysis. CONCLUSIONS: Good outcomes are associated with lower DNT in ischemic stroke patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis or lower DRT in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis bridging arterial thrombolysis.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Terapia Trombolítica , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Reperfusão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 260-266, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the time delay between in-hospital stroke and out-of-hospital stroke patients, and to explore the influence factors for the prognosis of in-hospital stroke patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis. METHODS: Clinical data of 3050 patients with ischemic stroke who received intravenous thrombolysis in 71 hospitals in Zhejiang province from June 2017 to September 2018 were analyzed. Differences of time delay including door to imaging time (DIT), imaging to needle time (INT) and door to needle time (DNT) between in-hospital stroke (n=101) and out-of-hospital stroke (n=2949) were observed. The influencing factors for the outcome at 3 month after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with in-hospital stroke were analyzed using binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Patients with in-hospital stroke had longer DIT[53.5 (32.0-79.8) min vs. 20.0 (14.0-28.0) min, P<0.01], longer IDT[47.5(27.3-64.0)min vs. 36.0(24.0-53.0)min, P<0.01], and longer DNT[99.0 (70.5-140.5) min vs. 55.0 (41.0-74.0) min, P<0.01], compared with patients with out-of-hospital stroke; patients in comprehensive stroke center had longer DIT[59.5(44.5-83.3) min vs. 37.5(16.5-63.5) min, P<0.01], longer DNT[110.0(77.0-145.0) min vs. 88.0 (53.8-124.3) min, P<0.05], but shorter INT[36.5(23.8-60.3)min vs. 53.5 (34.3-64.8) min, P<0.05], compared with patients in primary stroke center. Age (OR=0.934, 95%CI: 0.882-0.989, P<0.05) and baseline National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score (OR=0.912, 95%CI: 0.855-0.973, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for prognosis of in-hospital stroke patients. CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital stroke had longer DIT and DNT than out-of-hospital stroke, which suggests that a more smooth thrombolysis process of in-hospital stroke should be established.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Administração Intravenosa , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Prognóstico , Terapia Trombolítica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 267-274, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of working time on the prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke undergoing intravenous thrombolysis. METHODS: Clinical data of 3050 patients with ischemic stroke received intravenous thrombolysis from 71 hospitals in Zhejiang Province during June 2017 and September 2018 were retrospective analyzed. Whole day of Saturday and Sunday were defined as weekend; whole day of Monday to Friday were defined as weekdays; Monday to Friday 8:00-17:00 were defined as daytime of weekdays; Monday to Friday 17:01-07:59 on next day were defined as nights of weekdays; unconventional working time were defined as weekend and nights of weekdays. Good outcome was defined as mRS 0-2 at 3 months. Univariate analyses of baseline and prognostic variables in group of weekend and weekdays, nights of weekdays and daytime of weekdays, unconventional working time and daytime of weekdays were performed. Binary logistic regression was used to investigate whether weekend, nights of weekdays and unconventional working time were independent predicting factors of outcome after intravenous thrombolysis, respectively. RESULTS: There was no difference in 7-day mortality, 3-month mortality and good outcome at 3-month between weekend group and weekdays group, nights of weekdays group and daytime of weekdays group, unconventional working time group and daytime of weekdays group (all P>0.05). Binary logistic regression results showed that weekends, nights of weekdays and unconventional working time were not independent predicting factors for outcome after intravenous thrombolysis (all P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The working time has not affected the outcomes of patients with ischemic stroke undergoing intravenous thrombolysis in studied hospitals of Zhejiang province.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Terapia Trombolítica , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(4): eAO4905, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare analgesia and opioid consumption for patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty with preoperative posterior quadratus lumborum block with patients who did not receive quadratus lumborum block. METHODS: The medical records of patients undergoing unilateral total hip arthroplasty between January 1st, 2017 and March 31, 2018 were reviewed, and 238 patients were included in the study. The primary outcome was postoperative opioid consumption in the first 24 postoperative hours. Secondary outcomes were intraoperative, post anesthesia care unit, and 48-hour opioid consumption, postoperative pain Visual Analog Scale scores, and post-anesthesia care unit length of stay. Primary and secondary endpoint data were compared between patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty with preoperative posterior quadratus lumborum block with patients who did not receive quadratus lumborum block. RESULTS: For the patients who received quadratus lumborum block, the 24-hour total oral morphine equivalent (milligram) requirements were lower (53.82mg±37.41), compared to the patients who did not receive quadratus lumborum block (77.59mL±58.42), with p=0.0011. Opioid requirements were consistently lower for the patients who received quadratus lumborum block at each additional assessment time point up to 48 hours. Pain Visual Analog Scale scores were lower up to 12 hours after surgery for the patients who received a posterior quadratus lumborum block, and the post-anesthesia care unit length of stay was shorter for the patients who received quadratus lumborum block. CONCLUSION: Preoperative posterior quadratus lumborum block for primary total hip arthroplasty is associated with decreased opioid requirements up to 48 hours, decreased Visual Analog Scale pain scores up to 12 hours, and shorter post-anesthesia care unit length of stay. Level of evidence: III.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia de Quadril , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Músculos Abdominais/inervação , Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Período de Recuperação da Anestesia , Anestesia Geral , Raquianestesia , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Período Perioperatório/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(8): 463-468, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479600

RESUMO

To study the relationship between the blood concentration of superoxide dismutase in at the end of the hospital period of acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation (nonST-ACS) and the development of adverse events in the long-term follow-up period. 415 patients with nonST-ACS are included in the local register study. The follow-up period was 60 months. The blood concentration of superoxide dismutase (SOD) determined in 200 patients on the 10-13th day of hospitalization in addition to clinical procedures. Within five years after discharge in 178 (47 %) patients reported the development of adverse events. Patients with poor outcome were older, had a history of myocardial infarction (PICS), stenoses of extracranial arteries more than 30% and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). There were significant differences in the concentration of SOD10-13 day, which was lower in the patients with development of adverse cardiovascular events (p = 0.0003). Multivariate analysis identified the factors that are most strongly associated with the development of the adverse events during a 5-year follow-up period in patients with nonST-ACS: SOD blood concentration ≤ 175,4 ng / ml (OR-3,85; р=0,0008), myocardial infarction in anamnesis (OR-3,26; р=0,006), LVEF ≤ 52% (OR-2,8; р=0,035). The incidence of adverse cardiovascular events during five years follow-up in patients with nonST-ACS was 47 % of cases. Adverse factors associated with the development of an unfavorable outcome in the long-term period follow are: SOD blood concentration ≤ 175,4 ng / ml, myocardial infarction in anamnesis, LVEF ≤ 52%.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Superóxido Dismutase/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda
6.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e060, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365705

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of hypertension on tissue response and biomineralization capacity of white Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA), High-plasticity MTA (MTA HP), and Biodentine® (BDT) in rats. Polyethylene tubes filled with MTA, MTA HP, BDT, and the control group (empty tubes) were placed into the dorsal subcutaneous tissue of 32 male rats (16 normotensive (NT) and 16 hypertensive rats - 8 per group). After 7 and 30 days, the polyethylene tubes surrounded by connective tissue were removed, fixed, and embedded in histological resin. The mean number of inflammatory cells was estimated in HE-stained sections, biomineralization was quantified as area (µm2) by Kossa (VK) staining, and examination by polarized light (LP) microscopy was performed. The differences amongst the groups were analyzed statistically by the Mann-Whitney or Student's t test, according to Shapiro-Wilk test of normality (p < 0.05). The inflammatory responses to all materials were greater in hypertensive rats than in NT rats (p < 0.05). Positive VK staining in MTA and BDT were more pronounced in NT rats at 7 and 30 days (p < 0.05). Birefringent structures in LP for MTA, MTA HP, and BDT were more pronounced in NT rats at 7 days (p<0.05). In rats, hypertension was able to increase inflammatory infiltrate and decrease biomineralization of the tested materials.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Biomineralização/fisiologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Óxidos/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Tela Subcutânea/efeitos dos fármacos , Tela Subcutânea/fisiopatologia , Animais , Combinação de Medicamentos , Hipertensão/complicações , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia de Polarização , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tela Subcutânea/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
7.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180550, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365709

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the inflammatory cells, vascular density and IL-6 immunolabeled cells present in the pulp after pulpotomy with white MTA versus 15.5% ferric sulfate (FS). METHODOLOGY: Forty-eight mandibular first molars from 24 Wistar rats were divided into MTA or FS groups and subdivided according to the period after pulpotomy procedure (24, 48 and 72 hours). Four teeth (sound and untreated) were used as controls. Histological sections were obtained and assessed through the descriptive analysis of morphological aspects of pulp tissue and the quantification of inflammatory cells, vascular density and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression. Data were statistically analyzed (p<0.05). RESULTS: The number of inflammatory cells was similar in both groups, being predominantly localized at the cervical radicular third. In the MTA group, increased inflammation was observed at 48 hours. Vascular density was similar in both groups and over time, being predominant in the medium radicular third. No correlation was found between the number of inflammatory cells and the vascular density. Pulp tissue was more organized in MTA-treated teeth. In both groups, a weak to moderate IL-6 expression was detected in odontoblasts and inflammatory cells. Comparing both groups, there was a greater IL-6 expression in the cervical radicular third of teeth treated with MTA at 24 hours and in the medium and apical thirds at 72 hours, while in the FS group a greater IL-6 expression was found in the apical third at 24 hours. CONCLUSION: The MTA group presented better histological features and greater IL-6 expression than the FS group. However, no difference was observed between the groups regarding the inflammatory status and vascularization, suggesting the usefulness of FS as a low-cost alternative to MTA.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Compostos Férricos/farmacologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Interleucina-6/análise , Óxidos/farmacologia , Pulpotomia/efeitos adversos , Silicatos/farmacologia , Animais , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Masculino , Ratos Wistar , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
8.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180564, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365710

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies on the oral health of individuals with intellectual disability (ID) have identified problems that include a high prevalence of periodontal disease. The use of probiotics to treat periodontal disease has been the focus of considerable research, and bovine milk fermented with Lactobacillus rhamnosus L8020 (L8020 yogurt) has been shown to reduce the oral prevalence of four periodontal pathogens. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was to compare the effects of L8020 yogurt (test group) with those of placebo yogurt (placebo group) on the papillary-marginal-attached (PMA) index, gingival index (GI), and probing depth (PD) in 23 individuals with ID. METHODOLOGY: All patients were required to consume the allocated yogurt after breakfast for 90 days. PMA index and GI scores as well as PDs were assessed before the start of yogurt consumption (baseline), after 45 and 90 days of consumption, and 30 days after the cessation of consumption. Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U test or Fisher's exact test was used for inter-group comparisons, and the mixed effect model of repeated measurements was used for data analysis. RESULTS: The decrease in PMA index score was significantly greater in the test group than in the placebo group (p<0.001). The GI score also decreased during the study, with a tendency for greater decrease in the test group. Furthermore, decreases in PD between baseline, 45 and 90 days tended to be greater in the test group than in the placebo group. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that regular consumption of bovine milk fermented with L. rhamnosus L8020 can lower the risk of periodontal disease in individuals with ID.


Assuntos
Deficiência Intelectual/fisiopatologia , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Leite , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Iogurte , Adulto , Animais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Periodontais/patologia , Índice Periodontal , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 31, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384346

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) is endemic in the Central African Republic (CAR) with an incidence rate of 391 per 100,000 population in 2015. This study aims to analyze current epidemiological and clinical features of TB at the Hôpital de l'Amitié in the Central African Republic. We conducted an analytic retrospective study of patients hospitalized in the Department of Medicine at the Hôpital de l'Amitié from 15 April 2010 to 14 October 2011. Data were collected using a questionnaire and then analyzed with Epi info software 3.5.3. Chi-square test was used to compare proportions, using a threshold significance level of 5%. The study included 220 patients, of whom 128 were women (58.18%). The average age of patients was 35.69± 10.65 years. In 42.70% of cases, patients had no professional activity. Prevalence of tuberculosis in hospital was 10.99%. On average, 12 cases of TB were recorded each month. Most common clinical signs included: chronic cough (71.81%), fever (96.82%), alteration of the general state (91.36%) and pulmonary condensation syndrome (63.64%). The diseases most commonly associated with tuberculosis were HIV/AIDS (73.36%), malaria (48.63%) and anemia (31.81%). The mean time between symptom onset and diagnosis was 37.65 days. Mortality rate was 18.63%. TB/HIV co-infection and neuromeningeal TB were associated with a high mortality rate (p < 0.05). Tuberculosis is a common disease in Bangui and it is often associated with HIV infection. Prognosis is poor in the case of neuromeningeal involvement. Prevention and routine monitoring in HIV infected patients may contribute to reduce the extent and severity of TB.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Tuberculose Meníngea/epidemiologia , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anemia/epidemiologia , República Centro-Africana/epidemiologia , Coinfecção , Feminino , Humanos , Malária/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/mortalidade , Tuberculose Meníngea/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
10.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190079, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411309

RESUMO

A total of 124 Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates recovered during a 12-year period (2003-2015) from outpatients assisted at Centro de Referência e Treinamento DST/AIDS-CRT of São Paulo city, Brazil, were analysed. The following resistance rates were observed: penicillin-59.6%, ciprofloxacin-15.3%, and azithromycin-6.7%. Although reduced susceptibility to these drugs was observed since 2003, no ceftriaxone-resistant isolates were detected. Ciprofloxacin- and azithromycin non-susceptible isolates were grouped in 11 clusters. Mutations were detected in GyrA and ParC of isolates 124 and 260, and a C2611T substitution on 23S rRNA alleles was also observed in isolate 260. Both isolates belonged to ST1901/ST6210 (MSLT/NG-MAST schemes).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/efeitos dos fármacos , Neisseria gonorrhoeae/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Mutação , Fatores de Tempo , População Urbana
11.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 46, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the most extreme environments on our planet is the Maritime Antarctic territory, due to its low-water availability, which restricts the development of plants. Sanionia uncinata Hedw. (Amblystegiaceae), the main colonizer of the Maritime Antarctic, has effective mechanisms to tolerate this environment. It has been described that the tolerance to desiccation is mediated by the hormone abscisic acid (ABA), antioxidants systems, accumulation of compatible solutes and proteins of the late embryogenesis abundant (LEA). However, to date, these mechanisms have not been described in S. uncinata. Therefore, in this work, we postulate that the tolerance to desiccation in the Antarctic moss S. uncinata is mediated by the accumulation of ABA, the osmolytes proline and glycine betaine, and dehydrins (an LEA class 11 proteins). To demonstrate our hypothesis, S. uncinata was subjected to desiccation for 24 h (loss in 95% of water content), and the effects on its physiological, photosynthetic, antioxidant and biochemical parameters were determined. RESULTS: Our results showed an accumulation of ABA in response to water loss, and the activation of protective responses that involves an increment in levels of proline and glycine betaine, an increment in the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as SOD, CAT, APX and POD, and the accumulation of dehydrins proteins. CONCLUSION: The results showed, suggest that S. uncinata is a  desiccation-tolerant moss, property mediated by high cellular plasticity regulated by ABA.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/análise , Bryopsida/fisiologia , Dessecação , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Adaptação Fisiológica , Regiões Antárticas , Bryopsida/química , Bryopsida/classificação , Fatores de Tempo
12.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 19(1): 182, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare and correlate anterior segment measurements of myopic eyes implanted with Implantable Collamer lens (ICL V4c) by using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), Pentacam and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). METHODS: Anterior chamber depth (ACD), distance between corneal endothelium and anterior surface of ICL(C-ICL) and central vault were measured in 82 phakic myopic eyes of 82 patients who underwent ICL surgery, by using AS-OCT, Pentacam and UBM consecutively at 3 months follow up. The correlation and agreement of instruments were accessed by using Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and the Bland-Altman plot. RESULTS: AS-OCT showed higher ACD, C -ICL and central vault measurements than both of Pentacam and UBM (P < 0.001), while Pentacam showed lower measurements than UBM (P < 0.05). The Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was 0.91 to 0.96, and ICC was 0.95 to 0.98 for all measurements between difference devices (all P < 0.001). The 95% limits of agreement of ACD, C-ICL, vault measurements were 0.13 to 0.38 mm, - 0.07 to 0.27 mm, 0.08 to 0.34 mm between AS-OCT and Pentacam, - 0.03 to 0.33 mm, - 0.16 to 0.31 mm, - 0.10 to 0.26 mm between AS-OCT and UBM, and - 0.29 to 0.07 mm, - 0.25 to 0.20 mm, - 0.31 to 0.05 mm between Pentacam and UBM, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: AS-OCT demonstrated significantly higher value, while Pentacam demonstrated significantly lower value than UBM for ACD, C-ICL and central vault measurements in myopic eyes after ICL surgery. Measurements with these instruments were highly correlated, but could not replace each other especially for vault. This study provided valuable information about how to judge the results of anterior segment parameters of eyes implanted with ICL V4c from different devices. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-16008987 . Retrospectively registered: 08 August 2016.


Assuntos
Segmento Anterior do Olho/diagnóstico por imagem , Microscopia Acústica/métodos , Miopia/diagnóstico , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Acuidade Visual , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Miopia/fisiopatologia , Miopia/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
13.
BMJ ; 366: l4693, 2019 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412996

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between pregnancy duration and risk of endometrial cancer. DESIGN: Nationwide register based cohort study. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: All Danish women born from 1935 to 2002. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Relative risk (incidence rate ratio) of endometrial cancer by pregnancy number, type, and duration, estimated using log-linear Poisson regression. RESULTS: Among 2 311 332 Danish women with 3 947 650 pregnancies, 6743 women developed endometrial cancer during 57 347 622 person years of follow-up. After adjustment for age, period, and socioeconomic factors, a first pregnancy was associated with a noticeably reduced risk of endometrial cancer, whether it ended in induced abortion (adjusted relative risk 0.53 (95% confidence interval 0.45 to 0.64) or childbirth (0.66, 0.61 to 0.72). Each subsequent pregnancy was associated with an additional reduction in risk, whether it ended in induced abortion (0.81, 0.77 to 0.86) or childbirth (0.86, 0.84 to 0.89). Duration of pregnancy, age at pregnancy, spontaneous abortions, obesity, maternal birth cohort, fecundity, and socioeconomic factors did not modify the results. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of endometrial cancer is reduced regardless of whether a pregnancy ends shortly after conception or at 40 weeks of gestation. This reduction in risk could be explained by a biological process occurring within the first weeks of pregnancy, as pregnancies ending in induced abortions were associated with similar reductions in risk as pregnancies ending in childbirth.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Gravidez/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , História Reprodutiva , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
14.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 19(1): 185, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Horizontal eye movements have been proposed to induce biomechanical stress and strain on optic nerve head. Since strabismus may lead to sustained adduction or abduction, we investigate the effects of long lasting unilateral horizontal strabismus on the morphology of optic disc. METHODS: The observational cross-sectional study included patients with unilateral constant horizontal strabismus lasting for more than two years. The patients underwent an ophthalmological examination including refraction and morphometry of the optic nerve head. A prism cover test using right angle glass prism was performed to measure the magnitude of the ocular deviation. RESULTS: The study included 70 patients with a unilateral constant strabismus (35 esotropic patients, 35 exotropic patients) with a mean age of 26 ± 19 years, mean refractive error of - 0.72 ± 3.3 diopters, mean axial length of 23.8 ± 1.7 mm, and a mean angle of deviation of 87 ± 36 prism diopters (Chinese right-angle glass method) in the esotropic group and - 97 ± 29 prism diopters in the exotropic group. In the whole study population and taken separately in the esotropic group and exotropic group, the disc ovality index (defined as ratio of minimal-to-maximal optic disc diameter) did not differ significantly between the deviating eyes and the contralateral fixating eyes (all P > 0.05). As a corollary, the disc ovality index and the prevalence of parapapillary beta/gamma zone did not differ significantly between the esotropic group and the exotropic group (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Optic disc ovality did not differ markedly among long-lasting esotropic eyes, exotropic eyes, and non-strabismic eyes. It suggests that optic disc shape may not be markedly influenced in non-highly myopic eyes by a potential backward pull of the optic nerve on the optic disc structures in adduction or abduction.


Assuntos
Esotropia/diagnóstico , Exotropia/diagnóstico , Oftalmoscopia/métodos , Disco Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem , Acuidade Visual , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Nurs Adm ; 49(9): 430-435, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436741

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to examine the effects that nurse residency programs (NRPs) have on the retention of new graduates. BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine recommends implementing NRPs and evaluating their effectiveness. Nursing leaders need to understand if an investment in a residency program is beneficial to their organization. METHODS: A database search was performed for research from 2010 to 2016 reporting outcomes of new graduate NRPs relating to retention. RESULTS: In the articles reviewed, the 1-year retention was higher than the national average for new graduate nurses ranging from 74% to 100%. Higher rates were associated with national programs such as the University Hospital Consortium/American Association of Colleges of Nursing or Versant compared with organization-based programs. CONCLUSIONS: NRPs can increase 1-year retention of new graduate nurses. More controlled and comparative studies are needed to evaluate program differences. Nurse leaders need evidence to ascertain which programs are the most effective in supporting retention and return on investment.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Preceptoria/organização & administração , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(7): 549-553, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365996

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of active transfer of plaque (ATP) versus provisional stenting (PS) with drug-eluting stents (DES) for the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions. Methods: A total of 1 136 patients with bifurcation lesions hospitalized in 6 selected hospitals between January 2010 and January 2014 were included in this prospective observational trial, patients were divided into either ATP (n=560) or PS group (n=576) accordingly. The primary endpoint was target lesion revascularization within 1 year, and the second endpoints were all-cause death, cardiogenic death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, stroke, recurrent angina within 1 year. Results: There were no significant differences in age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and smoking history between the two groups (P>0.05). The incidence of TIMI blood flow <3 grade in the side branch (1.6%(9/560) vs. 7.5% (43/576), P<0.01), acute occlusion of the side branch (1.3%(7/560) vs. 7.1%(41/576), P<0.01) and implanted stents of side branch (1.8%(10/560) vs. 7.8% (45/576), P<0.01) were significantly lower in the ATP group than those in the PS group. During the one year follow up, the rate of target lesion revascularization was similar between ATP group and PS group (4.6%(26/560) vs. 4.0%(23/576), P=0.66). Conclusions: The effectiveness and safetyof ATP techniquein the patients with coronary bifurcation lesions is comparable to the PS technique. However, ATP technique is superior to PS technique on effectively reducing the incidence of implanted stents in the side branch.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Laryngol Otol ; 133(8): 704-712, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence referral guidelines prompting urgent two-week referrals were updated in 2015. Additional symptoms with a lower threshold of 3 per cent positive predictive values were integrated. This study aimed to examine whether current pan-London urgent referral guidelines for suspected head and neck cancer lead to efficient and accurate referrals by assessing frequency of presenting symptoms and risk factors, and examining their correlation with positive cancer diagnoses. METHODS: The risk factors and symptoms of 984 consecutive patients (over a six-month period in 2016) were collected retrospectively from urgent referral letters to University College London Hospital for suspected head and neck cancer. RESULTS: Only 37 referrals (3.76 per cent) resulted in a head and neck cancer diagnosis. Four of the 23 recommended symptoms demonstrated statistically significant results. Nine of the 23 symptoms had a positive predictive value of over 3 per cent. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that the current referral guidelines are not effective at detecting patients with cancer. Detection rates have decreased from 10-15 per cent to 3.76 per cent. A review of the current head and neck cancer referral guidelines is recommended, along with further data collection for comparison.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Masculino , Auditoria Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Vasc Access ; 20(5): 545-552, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379248

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the long-term patency duration and rate of thrombosis of autologous arteriovenous fistulas and synthetic grafts treated with endovascular methods in a large patient population. METHODS: A total of 144 arteriovenous accesses (37 radiocephalic, 51 brachiobasilic, 41 brachiocephalic, and 15 femorofemoral) from 143 patients were included in the study. A total of 304 endovascular thrombolytic treatment procedures were performed for 94 (65%) arteriovenous fistula and 50 (35%) arteriovenous graft accesses. RESULTS: The procedural technical success rate was 98.7%. The mean follow-up duration was 32.5 (range, 3-132) months. The primary patency rates for arteriovenous fistulas and arteriovenous grafts were 78% and 78% at 6 months, 66% and 63% at 1 year, and 45% and 0% at 36 months, respectively. The assisted primary patency rates for arteriovenous fistulas and arteriovenous grafts were 82% and 84% at 6 months, 71% and 69% at 1 year, 51% and 29% at 36 months, and 30% and 1% at 60 months, respectively. The secondary patency rates for arteriovenous fistulas and arteriovenous grafts were 94% and 93% at 6 months, 85% and 85% at 1 year, 58% and 59% at 36 months, and 47% and 48% at 60 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: Although the primary patency durations for arteriovenous fistulas were better after endovascular thrombolytic treatment than those for arteriovenous grafts, the long-term outcomes of assisted primary and secondary patency durations after repeated procedures were similar for both types of arteriovenous accesses.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Turquia , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Adulto Jovem
20.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(4): eAO4786, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential of magnetic hyperthermia using aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in glioblastoma tumor model. METHODS: The aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were analyzed as to their stability in aqueous medium and their heating potential through specific absorption rate, when submitted to magnetic hyperthermia with different frequencies and intensities of alternating magnetic field. In magnetic hyperthermia in vitro assays, the C6 cells cultured and transduced with luciferase were analyzed by bioluminescence in the absence/presence of alternating magnetic field, and also with and without aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. In the in vivo study, the measurement of bioluminescence was performed 21 days after glioblastoma induction with C6 cells in rats. After 24 hours, the aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were implanted in animals, and magnetic hyperthermia was performed for 40 minutes, using the best conditions of frequency and intensity of alternating magnetic field tested in the in vitro study (the highest specific absorption rate value) and verified the difference of bioluminescence before and after magnetic hyperthermia. RESULTS: The aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were stable, and their heating capacity increased along with higher frequency and intensity of alternating magnetic field. The magnetic hyperthermia application with 874kHz and 200 Gauss of alternating magnetic field determined the best value of specific absorption rate (194.917W/g). When these magnetic hyperthermia parameters were used in in vitro and in vivo analysis, resulted in cell death of 52.0% and 32.8%, respectively, detected by bioluminescence. CONCLUSION: The magnetic hyperthermia was promissing for the therapeutical process of glioblastoma tumors in animal model, using aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, which presented high specific absorption rate.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Compostos Férricos/uso terapêutico , Glioblastoma/terapia , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Terapia de Campo Magnético/métodos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/uso terapêutico , Análise de Variância , Animais , Temperatura Corporal , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Compostos Férricos/química , Medições Luminescentes , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Masculino , Ratos Wistar , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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