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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(9): e24899, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655950

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Many studies have evaluated the effect of maternal fever on the development risk of congenital heart diseases (CHDs) in offspring, but the findings were inconsistent. Furthermore, a complete overview of the existing data was also missing. Therefore, we intend to provide updated epidemiologic evidence to estimate the association between maternal fever and the risk of overall CHDs and specific CHD phenotypes in offspring. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched through March 2020 to identify eligible studies that assessed the association between maternal fever and CHDs risk in offspring. The summary risk estimates were calculated using random-effects models. Potential heterogeneity source was explored by subgroup analyses and potential publication bias was assessed by Begg funnel plots and Begg rank correlation test. RESULTS: Sixteen studies involving 31,922 CHDs cases among 183,563 participants were included in this meta-analysis. Overall, mothers who had a fever experience during preconception and conception periods had a significantly higher risk of overall CHDs in offspring (odds ratio [OR] = 1.45, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.21-1.73) when compared with those who did not have a fever experience. For specific CHD phenotypes in offspring, a statistically significant association was found between maternal fever and risk of conotruncal defects (CTD) (OR = 1.38, 95%CI: 1.01-1.89), atrial septal defects (ASD) (OR = 1.48, 95% CI: 1.01-2.17), transposition of the great vessels (TGA) (OR = 1.81, 95% CI: 1.14-2.88), and right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) (OR = 1.66, 95% CI: 1.04-2.65). Relevant heterogeneity moderators have been identified by subgroup analyses, and sensitivity analyses yielded consistent results. CONCLUSIONS: Although the role of potential bias and evidence of heterogeneity should be carefully evaluated, our review indicates that maternal fever is significantly associated with the risk of CHDs in offspring, which highlights that preventing maternal fever during the preconception and conception periods play an important role in decreasing the risk of CHDs in offspring. However, given the limited number of current case-control studies, larger-sample prospective studies are required to further confirm our results. Besides, due to the underlying mechanisms between maternal fever and the risk of specific CHD phenotypes in offspring are still unreported, more research is needed to explore the possible mechanisms.


Assuntos
Fertilização , Febre/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/etiologia , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Complicações na Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Mães , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
2.
J Neurovirol ; 27(1): 154-159, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528827

RESUMO

As the SARS-COV-2 becomes a global pandemic, many researchers have a concern about the long COVID-19 complications. Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is a persistent, debilitating, and unexplained fatigue disorder. We investigated psychological morbidities such as CFS and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among survivors of COVID-19 over 6 months. All COVID-19 survivors from the university-affiliated hospital of Tehran, Iran, were assessed 6 months after infection onset by a previously validated questionnaire based on the Fukuda guidelines for CFS/EM and DSM-5 Checklist for PTSD (The Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for DSM-5 or PCL-5) to determine the presence of stress disorder and chronic fatigue problems. A total of 120 patients were enrolled. The prevalence rate of fatigue symptoms was 17.5%. Twelve (10%) screened positive for chronic idiopathic fatigue (CIF), 6 (5%) for CFS-like with insufficient fatigue syndrome (CFSWIFS), and 3 (2.5%) for CFS. The mean total scores in PCL-5 were 9.27 ± 10.76 (range:0-44), and the prevalence rate of PTSD was 5.8%. There was no significant association after adjusting between CFS and PTSD, gender, comorbidities, and chloroquine phosphate administration. The obtained data revealed the prevalence of CFS among patients with COVID-19, which is almost similar to CFS prevalence in the general population. Moreover, PTSD in patients with COVID-19 is not associated with the increased risk of CFS. Our study suggested that medical institutions should pay attention to the psychological consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Tosse/psicologia , Demência/psicologia , Dispneia/psicologia , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/psicologia , Febre/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , /tratamento farmacológico , Tosse/complicações , Tosse/tratamento farmacológico , Tosse/virologia , Demência/complicações , Demência/tratamento farmacológico , Demência/virologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Dispneia/complicações , Dispneia/tratamento farmacológico , Dispneia/virologia , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/complicações , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/virologia , Feminino , Febre/complicações , Febre/tratamento farmacológico , Febre/virologia , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oseltamivir/uso terapêutico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , /patogenicidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/virologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sobreviventes/psicologia
3.
BMC Nephrol ; 22(1): 73, 2021 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33639881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients with COVID-19 have been reported to be at higher risk for death than the general population. Several prognostic factors have been identified in the studies from Asian, European or American countries. This is the first national Lebanese study assessing the factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 mortality in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This is an observational study that included all chronic hemodialysis patients in Lebanon who were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 from 31st March to 1st November 2020. Data on demographics, comorbidities, admission to hospital and outcome were collected retrospectively from the patients' medical records. A binary logistic regression analysis was performed to assess risk factors for mortality. RESULTS: A total of 231 patients were included. Mean age was 61.46 ± 13.99 years with a sex ratio of 128 males to 103 females. Around half of the patients were diabetics, 79.2% presented with fever. A total of 115 patients were admitted to the hospital, 59% of them within the first day of diagnosis. Hypoxia was the major reason for hospitalization. Death rate was 23.8% after a median duration of 6 (IQR, 2 to 10) days. Adjusted regression analysis showed a higher risk for death among older patients (odds ratio = 1.038; 95% confidence interval: 1.013, 1.065), patients with heart failure (odds ratio = 4.42; 95% confidence interval: 2.06, 9.49), coronary artery disease (odds ratio = 3.27; 95% confidence interval: 1.69, 6.30), multimorbidities (odds ratio = 1.593; 95% confidence interval: 1.247, 2.036), fever (odds ratio = 6.66; 95% confidence interval: 1.94, 27.81), CRP above 100 mg/L (odds ratio = 4.76; 95% confidence interval: 1.48, 15.30), and pneumonia (odds ratio = 19.18; 95% confidence interval: 6.47, 56.83). CONCLUSIONS: This national study identified older age, coronary artery disease, heart failure, multimorbidities, fever and pneumonia as risk factors for death in patients with COVID-19 on chronic hemodialysis. The death rate was comparable to other countries and estimated at 23.8%.


Assuntos
/mortalidade , Multimorbidade , Diálise Renal , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Cuidados Críticos , Demência/complicações , Feminino , Febre/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Hospitalização , Humanos , Líbano/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
4.
J Neurovirol ; 27(1): 86-93, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417193

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has infected more than 22 million people worldwide. Although much has been learned about COVID-19, we do not know much about its neurological features and their outcome. This observational study was conducted on the patients of Imam Hossein Hospital, and 361 adult patients (214 males) with confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 from March 5, 2020 to April 3, 2020, were enrolled. Data was gathered on age, sex, comorbidities, initial symptoms, symptoms during the disease course, neurological symptoms, and outcome. The mean age of the patients was 61.90 ± 16.76 years. The most common initial symptoms were cough, fever, and dyspnea. In 21 patients (5.8%), the initial symptom was neurological. History of dementia was associated with severe COVID-19 disease (odds ratio = 1.28). During the course of the disease, 186 patients (51.52%) had at least one neurological symptom, the most common being headache (109 [30.2%]), followed by anosmia/ageusia (69, [19.1%]), and dizziness (54, [15%]). Also, 31 patients had neurological complications (8.58%). Anosmia, ageusia, dizziness, and headache were associated with favorable outcome (P < 0.001), while altered mental status and hemiparesis were associated with poor outcome. The mortality rate of patients who had neurological complications was more than twice than that of patients without neurological complication (P = 0.008). Almost half of the patients experienced at least one neurological symptom, which may be the initial presentation of COVID-19. Dementia appears to be associated with severe COVID-19. Mortality was higher in patients with neurological complications, and these patients needed more intensive care.


Assuntos
/complicações , Demência/complicações , Dispneia/complicações , Cefaleia/complicações , Paresia/complicações , /patogenicidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ageusia/complicações , Ageusia/diagnóstico , Ageusia/mortalidade , Ageusia/virologia , /diagnóstico , /virologia , /mortalidade , Tosse/complicações , Tosse/diagnóstico , Tosse/mortalidade , Tosse/virologia , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/mortalidade , Demência/virologia , Dispneia/diagnóstico , Dispneia/mortalidade , Dispneia/virologia , Feminino , Febre/complicações , Febre/diagnóstico , Febre/mortalidade , Febre/virologia , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/mortalidade , Cefaleia/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paresia/diagnóstico , Paresia/mortalidade , Paresia/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida
6.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(6): 377-385, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197667

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Identificar las medidas de precisión de las características definitorias del diagnóstico de enfermería termorregulación ineficaz en los recién nacidos. MÉTODO: Estudio de precisión diagnóstica de diseño transversal realizado en unidades de maternidad de medio y alto riesgo, localizada en la ciudad de Fortaleza-CE. Se evaluaron 216 recién nacidos para la identificación de las características definitorias del diagnóstico en estudio. Las medidas de precisión de las características definitorias se obtuvieron a partir de un modelo de 2 clases latentes con efectos aleatorios para el cálculo de los valores de sensibilidad y especificidad. RESULTADOS: Las características de frecuencia respiratoria aumentada y piel caliente al tacto presentaron valores de sensibilidad más altos (99,9%) y de especificidades menores (79 y 75%) y las características fluctuaciones de la temperatura corporal por encima y por debajo de los parámetros normales e hipertensión fueron las de mayor especificidad (80,4%) y sensibilidad (100%), respectivamente. CONCLUSIÓN: La característica fluctuación de la temperatura corporal por encima y por debajo de los parámetros normales puede ser más adecuadas para confirmar la presencia del diagnóstico, por haber presentado un mayor valor de especificidad


OBJECTIVE: To identify the measures of accuracy for defining characteristics of the nursing diagnosis: Ineffective thermoregulation in newborns. METHOD: Diagnostic accuracy study with cross-sectional design performed in medium and high-risk maternity units, located in Fortaleza city/Brazil. A total of 216 newborns were evaluated to identify the defining characteristics of the diagnosis under study. The measures of accuracy for defining characteristics were obtained from a latent class model with random effects for the calculation of sensitivity and specificity values. RESULTS: The characteristics of increased respiratory rate and warm skin to the touch had higher sensitivity values (99.9%) and lower specificity (79 and 75%) and the characteristics of body temperature fluctuations above and below the normal parameters and hypertension had the highest specificity (80.4 and 100%, respectively). CONCLUSION: The characteristic fluctuation of the body temperature above and below the normal parameters may be better to confirm the diagnosis, having presented a higher specificity value


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem/métodos , Regulação da Temperatura Corporal/fisiologia , Taxa Respiratória , Febre/complicações , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem/normas , Estudos Transversais , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Encefalopatias/prevenção & controle , Razão de Chances , Febre/diagnóstico , Febre/enfermagem
7.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(5): 295-301, sept.-oct. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196771

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Analizar la incidencia de complicaciones relacionadas con el catéter central de inserción periférica y la viabilidad de la infusión de las células madre hematopoyéticas mediante bombas de perfusión volumétrica. MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo que incluye a todos los pacientes que recibieron un trasplante hematopoyético en el Servicio de Hematología del Hospital Clínico de Valencia entre enero y diciembre de 2016 (n=73). A todos se les colocó un catéter central de inserción periférica. Se utilizó el programa informático SPSS® V.22 para realizar el análisis descriptivo de las principales variables utilizando un intervalo de confianza del 95%. Se realizó el análisis de la t de Student para comparar las medias de 2 muestras independientes suponiendo varianzas desiguales. RESULTADO: El 63% (n=73) de los catéteres se mantuvieron sin problemas durante todo el procedimiento. La principal causa de retirada del catéter fue la fiebre de origen desconocido (28,8%). La mediana de días para la recuperación hematológica en el trasplante autólogo fue de 12,5 días y en el alogénico de 15 días. CONCLUSIONES: El catéter central de inserción periférica presenta pocas complicaciones relacionadas con la inserción. La administración de las células hematopoyéticas a través de este tipo de catéteres y con bombas de perfusión volumétrica no supone un retraso en la recuperación hematológica. Se constata una buena aceptación por parte del paciente


AIMS: To analyze the incidence of complications related to the central peripheral insertion catheter and the viability of the infusion of haematopoietic stem cells through volumetric perfusion pumps. METHOD: Prospective descriptive study that includes all patients who received a haematopoietic transplant in the Haematology Service of the Hospital Clínico de Valencia between January and December 2016 (n=73). All of them received a central peripheral insertion catheter. SPSS™ v22 was used to perform the descriptive analysis of the main variables using a confidence interval of 95%. The student's t-test was used to compare the means of two independent samples assuming unequal variances. RESULTS: The 63% (n=73) of the catheters remained without problems throughout the procedure. Fever of unknown origin (28.8%) was the main cause of catheter removal. The median number of days for haematological recovery was 12.5 for the autologous transplants and 15 for the allogeneic transplants. CONCLUSIONS: The central peripheral insertion catheter presents few complications related to insertion. The administration of haematopoietic cells through these catheters with volumetric perfusion pumps does not imply a delay in haematological recovery. Good acceptance by the patient is confirmed


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/instrumentação , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/etiologia , Cateterismo Venoso Central/enfermagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Febre/complicações , Bombas de Infusão , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/enfermagem , Satisfação do Paciente , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Bacteriemia/diagnóstico
9.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 716, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A healthy 25-year-old woman developed COVID-19 disease with clinical characteristics resembling Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C), a rare form of COVID-19 described primarily in children under 21 years of age. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient presented with 1 week of weakness, dyspnea, and low-grade fevers, followed by mild cough, sore throat, vomiting, diarrhea, and lymph node swelling. She was otherwise healthy, with no prior medical history. Her hospital course was notable for profound acute kidney injury, leukocytosis, hypotension, and cardiac dysfunction requiring ICU admission and vasopressor support. MIS-C-like illness secondary to COVID-19 was suspected due to physical exam findings of conjunctivitis, mucositis, and shock. She improved following IVIG, aspirin, and supportive care, and was discharged on hospital day 5. CONCLUSION: MIS-C-like illness should be considered in adults presenting with atypical clinical findings and concern for COVID-19. Further research is needed to support the role of IVIG and aspirin in this patient population.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/complicações , Adulto , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Tosse/complicações , Diarreia/complicações , Dispneia/complicações , Feminino , Febre/complicações , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Faringite/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/virologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Vômito/complicações
10.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 662, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) that was firstly reported in Wuhan, China, with cases now confirmed in more than 100 countries. However, COVID-19 pneumonia with spontaneous pneumothorax is unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: We reported a case of 66-year-old man infected with COVID-19, presenting with fever, cough and myalgia; The patient received supportive and empirical treatment including antiviral treatment, anti-inflammatory treatment, oxygen supply and inhalation therapy; The symptoms, CT images, laboratory results got improved after the treatments, and a throat swab was negative for COVID-19 PCR test; However, on the hospital day 30, the patient presented with a sudden chest pain and dyspnea. CT showed a 30-40% left-sided pneumothorax. Immediate thoracic closed drainage was performed and his dyspnea was rapidly improved. With five more times negative PCR tests for SARS-CoV-2 virus, the patient was discharged and home quarantine. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the importance for clinicians to pay attention to the appearance of spontaneous pneumothorax, especially patients with severe pulmonary damage for a long course, as well as the need for early image diagnose CT and effective treatment once pneumothorax occurs.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumotórax/complicações , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Dor no Peito/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Tosse/complicações , Drenagem , Dispneia/complicações , Febre/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Alta do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Pneumotórax/terapia
11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 696, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dengue fever usually presents as a self-limiting acute febrile illness with worsening thrombocytopenia, with a small minority of patients developing hemorrhagic or life-threatening complications. Organ specific manifestations like myocarditis, acalculous cholecystitis, encephalitis has been described but are uncommon presentations. Even more rarely, such manifestations are the presenting complaint of Dengue fever. In this case report, we highlight a case of Dengue fever where unrelated neuropathies were the presenting complaint. CASE PRESENTATION: An elderly man presents with 1 day of diplopia and left foot drop, associated with 2 days history of fever. A decreasing white cell count (WBC) and platelet on the 2nd day of admission prompted Dengue virus to be tested and a positive NS-1 antigen was detected, confirming the diagnosis of Dengue fever. He was treated with supportive treatment with a short duration of intravenous fluids recovered uneventfully and was discharged 6 days after admission with almost full resolution of diplopia and partial resolution of left foot drop. Left foot drop recovered completely 2 weeks later. CONCLUSION: Neurological manifestations can be the presenting symptoms in Dengue fever, a diagnosis which should be borne in mind when such symptoms present in patients from endemic areas or in returning travellers from these areas.


Assuntos
Dengue/complicações , Mononeuropatias/etiologia , Administração Intravenosa , Idoso , Dengue/tratamento farmacológico , Dengue/etiologia , Diplopia/etiologia , Febre/complicações , Hidratação/métodos , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/etiologia , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Mononeuropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Mononeuropatias/virologia , Fatores de Tempo , Viagem
12.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 155(5): 202-204, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-188495

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES Y OBJETIVO: La pandemia por Covid-19 afecta especialmente a pacientes con cáncer con mayor incidencia y mortalidad según series publicadas de focos originales de pandemia. El estudio pretende conocer la mortalidad en nuestro centro por covid-19 en pacientes con cáncer durante las primeras3 semanas de epidemia. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se han revisado los pacientes con cáncer fallecidos por covid-19 durante el periodo de análisis describiendo las características oncológicas, de la infección por covid-19 y de los tratamientos instaurados. RESULTADOS: Casos confirmados covid-19: 1069 con 132 fallecimientos (12,3%). Con cáncer 36 pacientes (3.4%), 15 fallecidos (41,6%). De los fallecidos solo6 pacientes (40%) se encontraban en tratamiento activo. El tumor más frecuente asociado fue pulmón (8/15 pacientes, 53,3%), 11 con enfermedad metastásica (11/15, 73,3%). El 40% (6/15) no recibió tratamiento específico contra covid-19, el resto fue tratado con los protocolos activos. CONCLUSIÓN: La mortalidad por covid-19 en pacientes con cáncer casi cuadriplica la de la población general. Hasta disponer de tratamientos eficaces o una vacuna efectiva la única posibilidad de proteger a nuestros pacientes es impedir el contagio con las medidas adecuadas


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Covid-19 pandemic especially affects cancer patients with higher incidence and mortality according to published series of original pandemic foci. The study aims to determine the mortality in our center due to covid-19 in cancer patients during the first 3 weeks of the epidemic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cancer patients who died of covid-19 during the analysis period have been reviewed describing the oncological and the covid-19 infection characteristics and the treatments established. RESULTS: Confirmed cases covid-19: 1069 with 132 deaths (12.3%). With cancer 36 patients (3.4%), 15 deceased (41.6%). Of the deceased, only 6 patients (40%) were in active treatment. The most frequent associated tumor was lung (8/15 patients, 53.3%), 11 with metastatic disease (11/15, 73.3%). No specific treatment wasestablished in 40 % (6/15) of the patients. The rest of them received treatments with the active protocols. CONCLUSION: Covid-19 mortality in cancer patients is almost four times higher than that of the general population. Until we have effective treatments or an effective vaccine, the only possibility to protect our patients is to prevent the infection with the appropriate measures


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Neoplasias/complicações , Febre/complicações , Tosse/complicações , Dispneia/complicações , Hidroxicloroquina/administração & dosagem , Lopinavir/administração & dosagem , Azitromicina/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 575, 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with the high case-fatality rate, and lack of vaccines. We aimed to systematically analysed the epidemiological characteristics, clinical signs, routine laboratory diagnosis, risk factors, and outcomes. METHODS: Documents on SFTS were collected by searching the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang Data, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases from 2011 to 2018. Meta-analysis was performed by using Review Manager and Stata software. RESULTS: Twenty-five articles involving 4143 cases were included. Diarrhea (odds ratio (OR) =1.60, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06 to 2.42, P = 0.02), and vomiting (OR = 1.56, 95% CI: 1.01 to 2.39, P = 0.04) on admission were associated with the fatal outcomes of SFTS. Compared to patients with mild symptoms, patients with severe symptoms had significantly elevated levels of lactic acid dehydrogenase (standard mean difference (SMD) =1.27, 95% CI: 0.59 to 1.94), alanine aminotransferase (SMD = 0.55, 95% CI: 0.24 to 0.85), aspirate aminotransferase (SMD = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.69 to 1.32), and creatine kinase (SMD = 1.04, 95% CI: 0.74 to 1.33) but had reduced platelet counts (SMD = -0.87, 95% CI: - 1.16 to - 0.58) and albumin levels (SMD = -1.00, 95% CI: - 1.32 to - 0.68). The risk factors for poor prognosis included age (mean difference (MD) =6.88, 95% CI: 5.41 to 8.35) and farming (OR = 2.01, 95% CI: 1.06 to 3.80). For the risk factors of contracting SFTS, the incidence of SFTS related to tick bites was 24% [95% CI: 0.18 to 0.31]. The pooled case-fatality rate of SFTS patients was 18% [95% CI: 0.16 to 0.21]. CONCLUSIONS: China is the country with the highest incidence of SFTS. May to July was the peak of the epidemic, and farmers were a high-risk group. The risk factor for SFTS included age (poor prognosis) and tick bites (contracting SFTS). Patients with severe diarrhea and vomiting symptoms on admission should be noted. Clinicians could use routine laboratory parameters and clinical symptoms as references for clinically suspected cases, classification of SFTS, and timely treatment, especially in basic hospitals.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Epidemias , Febre por Flebótomos/complicações , Febre por Flebótomos/epidemiologia , Phlebovirus/imunologia , Trombocitopenia/complicações , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/sangue , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/virologia , Fazendeiros , Feminino , Febre/complicações , Humanos , Incidência , Leucopenia/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Febre por Flebótomos/sangue , Febre por Flebótomos/virologia , Phlebovirus/isolamento & purificação , RNA Viral/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome , Trombocitopenia/virologia
16.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 31(8): 1815-1823, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic, many countries have instituted population-wide measures for social distancing. The requirement of patients on dialysis for regular treatment in settings typically not conducive to social distancing may increase their vulnerability to COVID-19. METHODS: Over a 6-week period, we recorded new COVID-19 infections and outcomes for all adult patients receiving dialysis in a large dialysis center. Rapidly introduced control measures included a two-stage routine screening process at dialysis entry (temperature and symptom check, with possible cases segregated within the unit and tested for SARS-CoV-2), isolated dialysis in a separate unit for patients with infection, and universal precautions that included masks for dialysis nursing staff. RESULTS: Of 1530 patients (median age 66 years; 58.2% men) receiving dialysis, 300 (19.6%) developed COVID-19 infection, creating a large demand for isolated outpatient dialysis and inpatient beds. An analysis that included 1219 patients attending satellite dialysis clinics found that older age was a risk factor for infection. COVID-19 infection was substantially more likely to occur among patients on in-center dialysis compared with those dialyzing at home. We observed clustering in specific units and on specific shifts, with possible implications for aspects of service design, and high rates of nursing staff illness. A predictive epidemic model estimated a reproduction number of 2.2; cumulative cases deviated favorably from the model from the fourth week, suggesting that the implemented measures controlled transmission. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 epidemic affected a large proportion of patients at this dialysis center, creating service pressures exacerbated by nursing staff illness. Details of the control strategy and characteristics of this epidemic may be useful for dialysis providers and other institutions providing patient care.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Febre/complicações , Humanos , Londres , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Isolamento de Pacientes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Quarentena , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Serviços Urbanos de Saúde/organização & administração
17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 388, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurogenic pulmonary edema is a rare but serious complication of febrile status epilepticus in children. Comprehensive screening for viral pathogens is seldomly performed in the work-up of febrile children. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-month-old girl presented with her first episode of febrile status epilepticus, after which she developed acute pulmonary edema and respiratory failure. After the termination of seizure activity, the patient was intubated and managed on mechanical ventilation in the emergency room. The resolution of respiratory failure, as well as the neurological recovery, was achieved 9 h after admission, and the patient was discharged 6 days after admission without any complications. Molecular biological diagnostic methods identified the presence of human coronavirus HKU1, influenza C virus, and human parainfluenza virus 2 from the patient's nasopharyngeal specimens. CONCLUSIONS: Neurogenic pulmonary edema following febrile status epilepticus was suspected to be the etiology of our patient's acute pulmonary edema and respiratory failure. Timely seizure termination and rapid airway and respiratory intervention resulted in favorable outcomes of the patient. Molecular biological diagnostic methods identified three respiratory viruses; however, their relevance and association with clinical symptoms remain speculative.


Assuntos
Edema Pulmonar/etiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Coronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Feminino , Febre/complicações , Humanos , Lactente , Influenza Humana , Influenzavirus C/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Nasofaringe/virologia , Vírus da Parainfluenza 2 Humana/isolamento & purificação , Edema Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema Pulmonar/terapia , Infecções Respiratórias/complicações , Estado Epiléptico
18.
Neurol Sci ; 41(6): 1329-1337, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424503

RESUMO

Coronaviruses (CoV) are viruses widely known to cause severe respiratory distress due to the prominent clinical symptoms presented. These symptoms, which include fever and dry cough, are frequently found in individuals with CoV infection. Neurological manifestations of CoV have often been neglected; however, recent studies have reported neurological consequences of CoV infection. Here, we review these literatures and discuss the neurologic impact of CoV while highlighting potential implications of the novel SARS-CoV-2 in the nervous system. We also discuss the possible routes by which these viruses invade the nervous system and the mechanism by which they may induce neurological damage.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Febre/complicações , Febre/metabolismo , Febre/virologia , Sistema Glinfático/metabolismo , Sistema Glinfático/virologia , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/virologia , Pandemias
19.
Pediatrics ; 146(1)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404431

RESUMO

We describe 3 febrile infants <2 months of age admitted to a large tertiary care children's hospital in New York and subsequently found to be infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. All 3 patients presented with fever, feeding difficulty, lymphopenia, and thrombocytosis on laboratory evaluation. Two of the 3 patients were found to have neutropenia, and 2 had known exposures to sick contacts. In this case series, we describe 3 of the youngest patients to be reported with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in the United States.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Febre/complicações , Febre/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Feminino , Febre/metabolismo , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , New York , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Centros de Atenção Terciária
20.
Nature ; 585(7824): 268-272, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396922

RESUMO

An outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by a novel coronavirus (named SARS-CoV-2) and has a case fatality rate of approximately 2%, started in Wuhan (China) in December 20191,2. Following an unprecedented global spread3, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Although data on COVID-19 in humans are emerging at a steady pace, some aspects of the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 can be studied in detail only in animal models, in which repeated sampling and tissue collection is possible. Here we show that SARS-CoV-2 causes a respiratory disease in rhesus macaques that lasts between 8 and 16 days. Pulmonary infiltrates, which are a hallmark of COVID-19 in humans, were visible in lung radiographs. We detected high viral loads in swabs from the nose and throat of all of the macaques, as well as in bronchoalveolar lavages; in one macaque, we observed prolonged rectal shedding. Together, the rhesus macaque recapitulates the moderate disease that has been observed in the majority of human cases of COVID-19. The establishment of the rhesus macaque as a model of COVID-19 will increase our understanding of the pathogenesis of this disease, and aid in the development and testing of medical countermeasures.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Respiratórios/patologia , Transtornos Respiratórios/virologia , Animais , Líquidos Corporais/virologia , Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Tosse/complicações , Feminino , Febre/complicações , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/virologia , Macaca mulatta , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Radiografia , Transtornos Respiratórios/complicações , Transtornos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Carga Viral
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