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1.
Br J Nurs ; 30(17): 998-1006, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605259

RESUMO

AIMS: To identify the incidence and type of sharps injuries within a UK nursing student population. BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that nursing students sustain sharps injuries across the world, but there is a lack of data from the UK. Design: Questionnaire survey. METHODS: A survey was administered to a volunteer sample of nursing students (n=1015) in a university, following which the survey was distributed to nursing students nationwide using snowball sampling via social media. Datasets from 1015 nursing students were available for analysis. RESULTS: Sharps injuries were most likely to occur with glass ampoules, when preparing injections and to occur in the second year of the programme. Contributing factors to sharps injury were identified, with inexperience being the primary cause. Some nursing students reported psychological impacts after sustaining the sharps injury. CONCLUSION: Sharps injuries are common among nursing students, and can have many psychological consequences for an individual.


Assuntos
Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Incidência , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1074, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our study sought to determine the frequency of Needlestick injuries (NSIs) among Healthcare Workers (HCWs) working at governmental hospital and to study the factors that associated with occurrence of NSIs, and to develop recommendations for a comprehensive program for prevention. METHODS: Retrospective study of all reported cases of NSIs in the period from April 2016 to May 2018 among healthcare workers at a governmental hospital. RESULTS: Incidence of NSIs over 26 months was 8.4% among all participants. Nurses were the most affected staff (52.5%) resulted commonly from disposing syringes (58.9%). In contrast, the incidence of NSIs among physicians was 24.9% where surgical devices were the primary source of NSIs among them (40%). Failure to complete all required hepatitis B vaccination was common among expatriates of the participants of this study. CONCLUSIONS: NSIs was common among HCWs participated in this study. Preventive measures should be implemented including adequate hepatitis B immunization.


Assuntos
Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Médicos , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Incidência , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 55: e20200422, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the occupational injuries and psychological support received by nurses and to investigate the relationship between the two. METHOD: This was a nation-wide cross-sectional study of nurses working across 1858 hospitals in China. Data were collected using an online structured, self-administered questionnaire between 2016 and 2017. RESULTS: Nearly half of respondents had experienced aggressive behavior from patients or their attendants; 13.4% respondents had experienced aggressive behavior on more than three occasions. 78.96% respondents had experienced needle-stick injuries and 51.22% had experienced psychological trauma. 20.5% respondents believed that hospitals do not pay any attention to occupational safety. 86.1% respondents expressed the need for little or moderate psychological support. Nurses who had experienced aggressive behavior expressed a greater need for psychological support. Nurses working at hospitals that adequately addressed the occupational safety issues expressed the lowest need for psychological support. CONCLUSION: We found a high prevalence of psychological stress and occupational injuries among nurses. Nursing managers need to address this issue and implement interventions to prevent and reduce injuries.


Assuntos
Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Traumatismos Ocupacionais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(7): 7525-7533, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to analyze the prevalence of needlestick injuries (NSI) of trainee nursing students and to understand the cause of injury and psychological reactions following injury, and take corresponding countermeasures to prevent adverse consequences. METHODS: Multiple databases were used to search for articles related to NSI among nursing interns. The selected literature was retrospectively evaluated by using Review Manager version 5.2. RESULTS: According to the analysis of 8 published studies, the lowest overall prevalence of NSI occupational exposure was 6% [95% confidence interval (CI): 3-9%], the highest was 51% (95% CI: 42-60%), and the total combined prevalence was 27% (95% CI: 18-37%). The overall prevalence rate of interns under 25 years old was 31% (95% CI: 7-69%), and that of interns over 25 years old was 26% (95% CI: 15-38%). The overall prevalence of interns was 38% (95% CI: 16-61%) in developing countries and 21% (95% CI: 11-31%) in developed countries. The overall prevalence of interns was 38% (95% CI: 16-61%) in Asian countries, 9% (95% CI: 3-15%) in the United States, and 30% (95% CI: 3-57%) in European countries. DISCUSSION: The results showed that interns over 25 years of age were more likely to have NSI, and interns in developing countries were more likely to have NSI than those in developed countries. Interns in Asia were more likely to have NSI than interns in Europe, and the lowest incidence of NSI was among interns in the USA.


Assuntos
Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Adulto , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Incidência , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Front Public Health ; 9: 669179, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222175

RESUMO

Background: Occupational health hazard pertaining to health care providers is one of the neglected areas that need serious attention. Any compromise in their safety would result in reduction in workforce, which may affect patient care, keeping in mind the wide gap between the required number and actual health care workers (HCWs) available in the world over. Aim: This study was undertaken to evaluate the change in knowledge through a sensitization training program on occupational health hazards and vaccination for HCWs. Materials and Methods: Participants of the study included nursing and allied HCWs of a tertiary care health institute in Uttarakhand, India. Multiple training sessions, each of around 180 min, were held periodically in small groups with 20-40 participants over 2 years. Participants were assessed with pretest and posttest questionnaires, and feedback was taken. Questionnaires comprised three categories: general safety and ergonomics, biological hazards, and chemical and radiation hazards. Data of incident reporting for needlestick injury from 2017 to 2019 were retrieved. All data were compiled in Excel sheet and analyzed. Results: A total of 352 participants were included in the study. Mean ± SD for pretest and posttest scores were 5.3 ± 2.13 and 11.22 ± 2.15, respectively. There was considerable improvement in knowledge, which was found to be statistically significant with p-value of 0.001 for all categories. Participants in their feedback suggested for inclusion of psychosocial aspect in further training programs. Conclusion: Low baseline knowledge prior to attending the course highlights a need for an intervention through such structured sensitization program to create awareness and educate HCWs on common occupational health hazards and vaccination. Statistically significant improvement in posttest knowledge highlights effectiveness of the training program. A drastic rise in incident reporting for needlestick injury reflects fairly good impact of training program. Regular and appropriate form of training can reduce injuries resulting from occupational hazards and ensure healthy workforce contributing toward a positive impact on national economy.


Assuntos
Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Índia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Atenção Terciária à Saúde
7.
J Infect Public Health ; 14(10): 1334-1339, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accidental exposure to percutaneous needle stick and sharp injuries (NSSIs) and blood and other body fluids is the unintended contact with risky medical instruments or patient secretions during a medical intervention. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the significance of occupational injuries in healthcare professionals was revealed once again. To assess the occupational injuries, we compared rates, distribution and type of exposure to blood and body fluids and NSSIs of health care workers for 2019 (pre-pandemic era) and 2020 (pandemic era) years, respectively. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study included data collected by the 'Hospital Infection Control Committee' for the years 2019-2020. Data collected using the active surveillance method were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: During 2019 (pre-pandemic period) and 2020 (pandemic period), 112 (27.65%0) and 82 (21.4%0) NSSIs reported, respectively. Of the exposed HCWs in 2019 (pre-pandemic period), 16.8%0 (14) were doctor, 53.6%0 (60) were nurse and 47.4%0 (14) were intern doctors. In the 2020 (pandemic period), NSSIs were observed most frequently in nurses and cleaning staff, 50.24%0 and 33.64%0, respectively. Concerning the total percentage of exposure to blood and other body fluids, a slight increase was revealed from 1.48%0 to 2.62%0 in 2019 and 2020, respectively. A significant decrease in exposure rate was reported among the doctors between the pre-pandemic and pandemic era; 3.6%0 and 1.19%0 at 2019 and 2020, respectively. A significant increase in exposure rate was reported among the nurses between pre-pandemic and pandemic era; 0.8%0 and 6.89%0, respectively. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the exposure to NSSIs during the pandemic period decreased; however, there was no severe difference at pre-pandemic and pandemic periods concerning exposure to blood and body fluids. Well-designed training and awareness programs can be effective in preventing exposure to NSSIs and blood and other body fluids and exposure to respiratory acquired viruses.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Exposição Ocupacional , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 399, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a blood-borne pathogen, hepatitis C virus (HCV) has long been a major threat associated with needle-stick injuries (NSIs) mainly because no vaccine is available for HCV. Following an NSI, we usually test the source patient for HCV antibody (HCV-Ab). Since HCV-Ab positivity does not necessarily indicate current infection, HCV RNA is further examined in patients positive for HCV-Ab. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) have enabled us to treat most HCV-infected patients; therefore, we speculate that the rate of HCV RNA positivity among HCV-Ab-positive patients decreased after the emergence of DAAs. This cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the change in the actual HCV RNA positivity rate in source patients before and after the interferon (IFN)-free DAA era. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of NSI source patients at a tertiary academic hospital in Japan from 2009 to 2019. IFN-free DAA regimens were first introduced in Japan in 2014. Accordingly, we compared HCV status of NSI source patients that occurred between 2009 and 2014 (the era before IFN-free DAAs) with those that occurred between 2015 and 2019 (the era of IFN-free DAAs) in a tertiary care hospital in Japan. RESULTS: In total, 1435 NSIs occurred, and 150 HCV-Ab-positive patients were analyzed. The proportion of HCV RNA-positive patients significantly changed from 2009 through 2019 (p = 0.005, Cochran-Armitage test). Between 2009 and 2014, 102 source patients were HCV-Ab-positive, 78 of whom were also positive for HCV RNA (76.5%; 95%CI, 67.4-83.6%). Between 2015 and 2019, 48 patients were HCV-Ab-positive, 23 of whom were also positive for HCV RNA (47.9%; 95%CI, 34.5-61.7%; p = 0.0007 compared with 2009-2014). In the era of IFN-free DAAs, 9 of 23 HCV RNA-negative patients (39.1%) and 2 of 22 HCV RNA-positive patients (9.1%) were treated with an IFN-free combination of DAAs (p = 0.0351). Regarding the departments where NSIs occurred, HCV RNA-negative patients were predominant in departments not related to liver diseases in the era of IFN-free DAAs (p = 0.0078, compared with 2009-2014). CONCLUSIONS: Actual HCV RNA positivity in source patients of NSIs decreased after the emergence of IFN-free DAAs. IFN-free DAAs might have contributed to this reduction, and HCV RNA-negative patients were predominant in departments not related to liver diseases in the era of IFN-free DAAs.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/etiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite C/sangue , Humanos , Incidência , Interferons/uso terapêutico , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/etiologia , RNA Viral/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
9.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 26(1): 43, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occupational contact with blood and body fluids poses a significant risk to healthcare workers. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the epidemiology and risk factors affecting needlestick injuries (NSI) in healthcare personnel in Iran. METHODS: In March 2020, researchers studied six international databases such as Medline/PubMed, ProQuest, ISI/WOS, Scopus, Embase, and Google Scholar for English papers and two Iranian databases (MagIran and SID) for Persian papers. Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Critical Appraisal Checklist was used to assess quality of studies. The method of reporting was based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement. RESULTS: A total of 43 articles were included in the analysis. Results showed that females (OR = 1.30, 95 % CI 1.06-1.58, P value = 0.009), younger age (OR = 2.75, 95 % CI 2.27-3.33, P value < 0.001, rotated shift workers (OR = 2.16, 95 % CI 1.47-3.15, P value < 0.001), not attending training courses (OR = 1.30, 95 % CI 1.07-1.56, P value = 0.006), working in the surgery ward (OR = 1.83, 95 % CI 1.33-2.50, P value < 0.001), less work experience (OR = 1.43, 95 % CI 1.04-1.95, P value = 0.025) apposed a greater risk factors for NSI among healthcare workers. CONCLUSION: Based on the results of this review, factors such as young age, less work experience, work shift, and female gender are considered as strong risk factors for NSI injury in Iran. Preventive measures including education programs can reduce the burden of NSI among healthcare personnel.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924104

RESUMO

Few studies have focused on the combined effects of devices and work organization on needlestick injuries trends. The aim of the study was to estimate trends of percutaneous injury rates (IR) in nurses (N) and nurse assistants (NA) over a 10 year period, in which passive safety devices were progressively adopted. Percutaneous and mucocutaneous injuries registered in a University Hospital in Northern Italy in Ns and NAs in 2007-2016 were analyzed. Organizational data were also available on shift schedules, turnover, downsizing and age- and skill-mix. We estimated IRs per 100 full-time equivalent workers from Poisson models and their average annual percent changes (APC) from joinpoint regression model. In the entire period, monotonic decreases in percutaneous IRs occurred among day-shift Ns (APC = -20.9%; 95% CI: -29.8%, -12%) and NAs (APC = -15.4%; -32.9%, 2.2%). Joinpoint modeling revealed a turning point in 2012 for night-shift Ns, with a steady decline in 2007-2012 (APC = -19.4%; -27.9%, -10.9%), and an increase thereafter (APC = +13.5%; 1.5%, 25.5%). In comparison to 2008 and 2012, in 2016 night-shift Ns were 5.9 and 2.5 times more likely to be younger and less qualified or experienced than day-shift Ns. The observed declines in percutaneous injury rates occurred in a time period when safety devices were progressively implemented. The causal nature of multiple exposures and organizational procedures in affecting injury time trends should be further addressed by quasi-experimental studies.


Assuntos
Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Traumatismos Ocupacionais , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Equipamentos de Proteção
11.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 4: CD012060, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33871067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In healthcare settings, health care workers (HCWs) are at risk of acquiring infectious diseases through sharps injuries and splash exposures to blood or bodily fluids. Education and training interventions are widely used to protect workers' health and safety and to prevent sharps injuries. In certain countries, they are part of obligatory professional development for HCWs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of education and training interventions compared to no intervention or alternative interventions for preventing sharps injuries and splash exposures in HCWs. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, NHSEED, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL and OSH-update (from all time until February 2016). In addition, we searched the databases of Global Health, AustHealth and Web of Science (from all time until February 2016). The original search strategy was re-run in November 2019, and again in February 2020. In April 2020, the search strategy was updated and run in CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus and Web of Science (from 2016 to current). SELECTION CRITERIA: We considered randomized controlled trials (RCTs), cluster-randomized trials (cluster-RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs), interrupted time series (ITS) study designs, and controlled before-and-after studies (CBA), that evaluated the effect of education and training interventions on the incidence of sharps injuries and splash exposures compared to no-intervention. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two authors (SC, HL) independently selected studies, and extracted data for the included studies. Studies were analyzed, risk of bias assessed (HL, JL) , and pooled using random-effect meta-analysis, where applicable, according to their design types. As primary outcome we looked for sharps injuries and splash exposures and calculated them as incidence of injuries per 1000 health care workers per year. For the quality of evidence we applied GRADE for the main outcomes. MAIN RESULTS: Seven studies met our inclusion criteria: one cluster-RCT, three CCTs, and three ITS studies. The baseline rates of sharps injuries varied from 43 to 203 injuries per 1000 HCWs per year in studies with hospital registry systems. In questionnaire-based studies, the rates of sharps injuries were higher, from 1800 to 7000 injuries per 1000 HCWs per year.  The majority of studies utilised a combination of education and training interventions, including interactive demonstrations, educational presentations, web-based information systems, and marketing tools which we found similar enough to be combined. In the only cluster-RCT (n=796) from a high-income country, the single session educational workshop decreased sharps injuries at 12 months follow-up, but this was not statistically significant either measured as registry-based reporting of injuries (RR 0.46, 95% CI 0.16 to 1.30, low-quality evidence) or as self-reported injuries (RR 0.41, 95% CI 0.14 to 1.21, very low-quality evidence) In three CCTs educational interventions decreased sharps injuries at two months follow-up (RR 0.68, 95% CI 0.48 to 0.95, 330 participants, very low-quality evidence). In the meta-analysis of two ITS studies with a similar injury rate, (N=2104), the injury rate decreased immediately post-intervention by 9.3 injuries per 1000 HCWs per year (95% CI -14.9 to -3.8). There was a small non-significant decrease in trend over time post-intervention of 2.3 injuries per 1000 HCWs per year (95% CI -12.4 to 7.8, low-quality evidence). One ITS study (n=255) had a seven-fold higher injury rate compared to the other two ITS studies and only three data points before and after the intervention. The study reported a change in injury rate of 77 injuries per 1000 HCWs (95% CI -117.2 to -37.1, very low-quality evidence) immediately after the intervention, and a decrease in trend post-intervention of 32.5 injuries per 1000 HCWs per year (95% CI -49.6 to -15.4, very low quality evidence). None of the studies allowed analyses of splash exposures separately from sharps injuries. None of the studies reported rates of blood-borne infections in patients or staff. There was very low-quality evidence of short-term positive changes in process outcomes such as knowledge in sharps injuries and behaviors related to injury prevention.  AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We found low- to very low-quality evidence that education and training interventions may cause small decreases in the incidence of sharps injuries two to twelve months after the intervention. There was very low-quality evidence that educational interventions may improve knowledge and behaviors related to sharps injuries in the short term but we are uncertain of this effect. Future studies should focus on developing valid measures of sharps injuries for reliable monitoring. Developing educational interventions in high-risk settings is another priority.


Assuntos
Infecções Transmitidas por Sangue/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Ferimentos Perfurantes/prevenção & controle , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados como Assunto , Humanos , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ferimentos Perfurantes/epidemiologia
12.
New Solut ; 31(1): 16-19, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33722093

RESUMO

As mass COVID-19 vaccination programs roll out across the country, we are potentially faced with compromising workers' health for the sake of the broader public health, as it relates to occupational exposure to contaminated needles and syringes. We have the opportunity to provide recommendations that advance protection of workers through the industrial hygiene hierarchy of controls, especially in light of the twentieth anniversary of the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act. Specifically, greater focus on institutional controls that can dictate the safety culture and climate of institutions that roll out COVID-19 vaccination programs, while maintaining careful focus on preventing sharps injuries and blood exposure. In addition, we provide suggestions for the role that engineering controls, such as devices with sharps injury prevention features play in protecting workers from exposure to bloodborne pathogens, as well as the importance of ongoing injury incident surveillance.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/prevenção & controle , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Cultura Organizacional , SARS-CoV-2 , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Estados Unidos
13.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0247267, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a highly contagious pathogen that has become a severe public health problem and a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. Medical students are at high occupational risk during their training. However, no facility-based studies were found among medical students in eastern Ethiopia. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus and associated factors among medical students in eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 407 randomly selected medical students from March to June 2018. A pretested and structured questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic characteristics and other risk factors. A 5ml blood was collected, and the serum was analyzed for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) using the Instant Hepatitis B surface antigen kit. Data were entered using Epidata version 3.1 and analyzed using SPSS statistical packages version 22. Outcome and explanatory variables were described using descriptive summary measures. Binary and multivariable logistic regression was conducted at 95% CI and an association at P-value < 0.05 was declared statistically significant. RESULTS: The seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus surface antigen was 11.5% (95%CI = 8.6, 14.7). Poor knowledge of universal precaution guideline (AOR = 2.58; 95% CI = [1.35-4.93]), history of needle stick injury (AOR = 2.11; 95% CI = [1.07-4.18]) and never been vaccinated for HBV (AOR = 2.34; 95% CI = [1.17-4.69]) were found statistically significantly associated with HBsAg positivity after multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Hepatitis B virus infection rate is high among health care trainees in eastern Ethiopia. Improvement at health care practice centers safety through training on universal precaution guidelines, and scaling up HBV vaccination is mandatory.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/virologia , Doenças Profissionais/virologia , Estudantes de Medicina , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Hepatite B/imunologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/imunologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/imunologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 259: 67-74, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601315

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess characteristics, incidence, risk factors, and reporting rate of needlestick injuries (NSIs) among Obstetrics and Gynecology trainees. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a nationwide cross-sectional survey study. The 40-items survey Obstetrics Needlestick Injury Questionnaire (ONSI-Q) was used to investigate the prevalence of NSIs, participant attitudes, associated factors, and the NSI reporting rate among trainees in Obstetrics and Gynecology. The target responders were all trainees of Obstetrics and Gynecology training programs in Italy. The trainees were invited between September 2018 and December 2018 via a web-based platform. RESULTS: Among 1049 trainees, 1041 (99.2%) completed the survey. Out of 1041 trainees, 639 (61.4%) had at least one NSI, and 90.9% (581/639) experienced at least one during obstetric surgery. The number of NSIs increased with the year of training, with 2.48 NSIs per trainee in the fifth year. 90.6% (579/639) reported details about the most recent NSI, which was during obstetric surgery in 95.3% (552/579) of cases. 57.1% (315/552) experienced the most recent NSI during cesarean section, which was mainly inflicted by someone else (72.4%; 228/315). 42.9% (237/552) of NSIs were during perineal suture, and 84% (199/237) of them were self-inflicted. 77.9% (417/535) of trainees did not report the NSI. Associated factors were non-high-risk patients, self-inflicted NSI, and the first NSI. CONCLUSIONS: NSIs are frequent among Obstetrics and Gynecology trainees but not reported, and obstetric surgery is the primary source. These data support the European efforts to improve working practices' safety. The education about protective strategies and reporting should be a priority.


Assuntos
Ginecologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Obstetrícia , Cesárea , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Int J Qual Health Care ; 33(1)2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449085

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) are known occupational risks among health-care workers. Reporting these injuries is important for early prevention and management of blood-borne infections. We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of NSIs and underreporting among hospital workers (HWs) from different sectors. METHODS: A single-center cross-sectional study, involving an anonymous survey delivered to 2205 HWs. The survey included demographic information about the worker and information about training, injuries and reporting. RESULTS: Of the 844 HWs respondents (40%), NSIs occurred in 443 of them (53%); the majority were from needles (68%) and at bedside (51%). Significantly higher prevalences of injuries (P < 0.001) were noted among physicians (75%) and workers in their 40s (61%) and in the emergency and surgical departments (66% and 55%, respectively). NSIs were reported among 28% of workers who did not directly use needles. Underreporting was found in 46%, with a significant decrease in the report rate as the number of injuries increased (P < 0.001). Underreporting was significantly more common (P < 0.001) among physicians (59%), especially seniors (72%), workers without training about NSIs (59%), older age groups (56% in workers above 51 years, P = 0.003) and males (54%, P = 0.01). The highest underreporting rate was in injuries occurring in the operating room and the lowest in witnessed injuries occurring while passing a needle (82% vs. 31%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: NSIs and underreporting are common among HWs from all sectors, including those who do not use needles. Improving preventive measures and reporting should be encouraged. We recommend reducing bedside procedures as possible and assigning two workers to procedures at risk for injuries, to increase the report rate.


Assuntos
Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos em Hospital , Prevalência
16.
Laryngoscope ; 131(4): E1076-E1080, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141429

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Up to 800,000 percutaneous injuries involving healthcare workers occur each year. The morbidity of needlestick injuries (NSIs) ranges from nothing to death. The incidence of NSI in otolaryngology residency is deemed to be high based on prior studies. This study aimed at defining the trends in otolaryngology residents regarding sharps exposure. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using survey/questionnaire. METHODS: Otolaryngology accredited residency programs in North America were surveyed in 2013 and 2017 regarding their experience with NSI and perceived risk of acquiring a blood-borne infection. RESULTS: Surveys were received from 314 residents (31 programs). There was a total of 509 needlesticks, primarily occurring during junior years (post-graduate year 1-3, 81%). Sixty-eight percent of residents had experienced an NSI. Of the residents that had an injury, the mean number of sticks was 2.37 sticks/resident. Junior residents were less likely to report their injury compared to senior residents (50% vs. 30%). The primary reason for not reporting was the time commitment. Residents underestimated their risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (51% of residents) and overestimated their risk of acquiring hepatitis C virus (90% of residents). CONCLUSIONS: Occupational exposure is high in healthcare and particularly high in surgical trainees. The majority of otolaryngology trainees undergo a needlestick injury in their junior years. There continues to be underreporting of these injuries by residents, who report that the process is too time-consuming. Most residents do not have an accurate understanding of their actual risk of acquiring a blood-borne disease. These findings emphasize the need for education regarding risks and development of strategies to encourage reporting of injuries. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: VI Laryngoscope, 131:E1076-E1080, 2021.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Otolaringologia/educação , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , América do Norte/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1122-1128, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1255049

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil dos acidentes com exposição a material biológico ocorridos em Minas Gerais. Métodos: estudo epidemiológico, descritivo e transversal realizado por meio da consulta do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação dos municípios do norte de Minas Gerais, no período de 2008-2012. Resultados: dentre os 56 municípios investigados 28 notificaram 1025 acidentes, 46,1% ocorreram entre técnicos e auxiliares de enfermagem, 14,7% por estudantes e pelos médicos com 11,6% das ocorrências. Houve predomínio dos acidentes com profissionais de 30 a 39 anos, em procedimentos cirúrgicos, descarte inadequado de materiais perfuro cortantes e administração de medicamentos. Verificou-se que a exposição percutânea, o sangue como material orgânico e agulhas como agente. Conclusão: as causas dos acidentes mais comumente estão diretamente relacionadas com a maneira em executar as atividades no decorrer do trabalho, desencadeadas por ineficiência dos equipamentos de proteção individuais ou coletivos, percebe-se a fragilidade no cumprimento da norma regulamentadora


Objective:To describe the profile of accidents with exposure to biological material that occurred in Minas Gerais. Methods: an epidemiological, descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out by consulting the Notification Disease Information System of the municipalities of northern Minas Gerais, from 2008-2012. Results: among the 56 municipalities investigated 28 reported 1025 accidents, 46.1% occurred among technicians and nursing assistants, 14.7% by students and doctors with 11.6% of occurrences. There was a predominance of accidents with professionals aged 30 to 39 years, in surgical procedures, improper disposal of sharps and administration of medication. Percutaneous exposure, blood as organic material and needles as agent were found. Conclusion: the causes of accidents most commonly are directly related to the way to perform activities during work, triggered by inefficiency of individual or collective protective equipment, it is perceived the weakness in compliance with the regulatory standard


Objetivo: Describir el perfil de accidentes con exposición a material biológico ocurridos en Minas Gerais. Métodos: un estudio epidemiológico, descriptivo y transversal realizado mediante la consulta del Sistema de Información de Enfermedades de Notificación de los municipios del norte de Minas Gerais, de 2008 a 2012. Resultados: entre los 56 municipios investigados, 28 reportaron 1025 accidentes, 46.1% ocurrieron entre técnicos y auxiliares de enfermería, 14.7% por estudiantes y médicos con 11.6% de incidentes. Predominaron los accidentes con profesionales de 30 a 39 años, en procedimientos quirúrgicos, eliminación inadecuada de objetos punzantes y administración de medicamentos. Se encontraron exposición percutánea, sangre como material orgánico y agujas como agente. Conclusión: las causas de accidentes más comúnmente están directamente relacionadas con la forma de realizar actividades durante el trabajo, desencadenadas por la ineficiencia de los equipos de protección individuales o colectivos, se percibe la debilidad en el cumplimiento de la norma reguladora


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes e Eventos Biológicos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Saúde do Trabalhador , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255337

RESUMO

Safety-engineered devices (SEDs) have been developed to protect healthcare personnel (HCP) from needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs). The aim of this study was to analyze NSIs associated with SEDs and non-SEDs among HCP in hospitals, medical offices and care facilities. Records from online questionnaires on NSIs were used. Causes of NSIs were compared for SED use and healthcare setting. A sample of 835 files was included. Injuries with SEDs accounted for 35.0% of all NSIs, whereas the proportions were higher in medical offices and lower in care facilities. NSIs in nurses were more often associated with SEDs than NSIs in physicians. NSIs from intravenous needles were associated with SEDs in more than 60% of cases in hospitals and medical offices and in about 30.0% of cases in care facilities. In contrast, suturing was associated with every fourth NSI in hospitals, of which fewer than 10.0% were associated with SEDs. In care facilities, SEDs were involved in 36.1% of NSIs during subcutaneous injections. NSIs during disposal accounted for 29.2% of total NSIs, of which 36.1% were associated with SEDs. Frequent reasons for SED-associated NSIs were technical problems, unexpected patient movement and problems during disposal. Our analysis shows that many NSIs are associated with SEDs. Continuous training is necessary in the handling and disposal of SEDs.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Equipamentos de Proteção , Feminino , Instalações de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/prevenção & controle , Equipamentos de Proteção/normas , Equipamentos de Proteção/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e041494, 2020 12 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Needlestick and sharps injuries among healthcare workers (HCWs) pose significant occupational health problems. We aim to provide incidence and other epidemiological aspects of needlestick and sharp injuries (NSSIs) among HCWs in a tertiary teaching hospital in Indonesia, to inform the evaluation of NSSIs prevention programme. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in Jakarta. We analysed data of the sharps injury programme at the hospital between January 2014 and December 2017. Incidence of NSSIs was calculated per 1000 person-years (1000-PY). RESULTS: Over the 4-year period, a total of 286 NSSIs were reported. The mean NSSIs incidence rate for 4 years was 13.3/1000-PY, peaking in 2015 (15.5/1000-PY) then decreasing afterward. Most NSSIs were experienced by nurses (42.7%), but the highest incidence was among midwives (18.9/1000-PY), followed by nurses, medical students and medical doctors (15.2/1000-PY, 12.6/1000-PY and 11.8/1000-PY, respectively). The devices causing the highest proportion of NSSIs were hollow-bore needles (66.8%), followed by suture needles (14.3%) and solid needles (10.8%). 9.4% of NSSIs were related to insulin pen injection. Of all the incidents, 31.3% occurred during surgical procedures, 25.9% during blood collections, 14.3% during administering injection of drugs and 13.3% during waste cleaning. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, this study showed varied incidences of NSSI among different occupations, with the highest among midwives and nurses. Many unsafe work practices still continue, which is of utmost concern. We suggest opportunities for prevention including training and cultivating safer workplace practices.


Assuntos
Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Occup Health ; 62(1): e12179, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers are at high risk of infection from blood-borne pathogens, such as Hepatitis B and C Virus, and Human Immunodeficiency. Occupational exposure to needle-stick injuries (NSIs) continue to have a major health problem in the healthcare systems of developing countries. Thus, this review article aimed to provide the evidence on the prevalence of NSI and associated factors among healthcare workers of developing countries. METHODS: The studies published from 2012 to 2019 were identified through systematic searches of electronic databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus, Med Nar, and Science Direct. The MeSH terms and/or keywords was used in conjunction with "AND" or "OR" (Boolean logic operators). All identified keywords and an index terms were checked across the included databases. Assessment and evaluation were taken to confirm the quality and relevance of the included articles, followed by extraction and analysis of data. RESULT: Overall, 2021 articles were identified using specified search terms from the initial searches of the literature (2012-2019). A total of 13 articles met eligibility criteria were included in the review. Among 6513 participants, 1009 and 2201 participants involved to determine 1-year and throughout career prevalence, respectively. The prevalence of NSI ranged from 19.9% to 54.0% with an overall prevalence of 35.7% and 38.5 to 100% with an overall prevalence of 64.1% in the previous 1 year and throughout career, respectively. Sex, workload, needle recapping, overuse of injection, and practice of universal precautions, training, occupation, working experience, and personal protective equipment were among the factors associated with the prevalence of NSIs in developing countries. CONCLUSION: The review indicated that NSIs have been identified as one of the most serious issues that affect the health and well-being of healthcare workers in the majority of healthcare systems of developing countries. There is a need to apply safety practices or other measures to reduce the risk of NSIs.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
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