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4.
J Surg Res ; 245: 593-599, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After traumatic arrest, resuscitative thoracotomy is lifesaving in appropriately selected patients, yet data are limited regarding hospital course after intensive care unit (ICU) admission. The objective of this study was to describe the natural history of resuscitative thoracotomy survivors admitted to the ICU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review (January 1, 2012-June 30, 2017) of all adult trauma patients who underwent resuscitative thoracotomy after traumatic arrest at two adult level 1 trauma centers. Data evaluated include demographics, injury characteristics, hospital course, and outcome. RESULTS: Over 66 mo, there were 52,624 trauma activations. Two hundred ninety-eight patients underwent resuscitative thoracotomy and 96 (32%) survived to ICU admission. At ICU admission, mean age was 35.8 ± 14.5 y, 79 (82%) were male, 36 (38%) sustained blunt trauma, and the mean injury severity score was 32.3 ± 13.7. Eight blunt and 20 penetrating patients (22% and 34% of ICU admissions, respectively) survived to discharge. 67% of deaths in the ICU occurred within the first 24 h, whereas 90% of those alive at day 21 survived to discharge. For the 28 survivors, mean ICU length of stay was 24.1 ± 17.9 d and mean hospital length of stay was 43.9 ± 32.1 d. Survivors averaged 1.9 ± 1.5 complications. Twenty-four patients (86% of hospital survivors) went home or to a rehabilitation center. CONCLUSIONS: After resuscitative thoracotomy and subsequent ICU admission, 29% of patients survived to hospital discharge. Complications and a long hospital stay should be expected, but the functional outcome for survivors is not as bleak as previously reported.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Ressuscitação/efeitos adversos , Toracotomia/efeitos adversos , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Adulto , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Transferência de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Centros de Reabilitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 256, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692849

RESUMO

A rare case series of traumatic right diaphragmatic rupture with hepatothorax in Ghana is reported. The first case involved a middle-aged man who sustained a penetrating chest injury following an unprovoked attack by a wild bull. The second case was a young woman who sustained a blunt chest injury after being knocked down by a moving vehicle whiles crossing the road. Both presented with ruptured right diaphgramatic rupture and had to undergo repair through thoracotomy after stabilization and the two had been well one year after surgery without any complications or sequelae.


Assuntos
Diafragma/lesões , Fígado/patologia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Adulto , Diafragma/cirurgia , Feminino , Gana , Hérnia Diafragmática Traumática/etiologia , Hérnia Diafragmática Traumática/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ruptura , Traumatismos Torácicos/complicações , Traumatismos Torácicos/cirurgia , Toracotomia/métodos , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia
6.
Georgian Med News ; (294): 10-16, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687941

RESUMO

Aim - to evaluate pathogens and their susceptibility to antibiotic therapy (ABT) in combat-related penetrating craniocerebral gunshot wound (PCGW) patients and develop recommendations for treatment of post-traumatic meningoencephalitis. We conducted a prospective analysis of examination and treatment results of 121 patients who were admitted to the Public Institution, Mechnikov Dnipropetrovsk Regional Clinical Hospital, Dnipro, Ukraine, from 25 May 2014, to 31 December 2017, and were successively enrolled in the study. Intracranial purulent-septic complications were diagnosed in 14 (11.6%) patients including eight cases of isolated meningoencephalitis, three cases of meningoencephalitis combined with ventriculitis, two cases of meningoencephalitis combined with ventriculitis and subdural empyema and one case of multiple brain abscesses. In most cases of combat-related craniocerebral wounds, infections are considered nosocomial and typically related to medical procedures and devices. In most cases, the effectiveness of first-line antibiotics was low, and it was often necessary to prescribe broad-spectrum ABT, including those related to second-line antibiotics and reserve drugs, according to the World Health Organisation classification. The use of initial de-escalation of empiric ABT with the broadest-spectrum drugs, mainly as a part of combination therapy for expected gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic infection pathogens, is recommended.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Abscesso Encefálico/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/complicações , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/complicações , Infecção dos Ferimentos/tratamento farmacológico , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Adulto , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Abscesso Encefálico/epidemiologia , Abscesso Encefálico/microbiologia , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/microbiologia , Ucrânia/epidemiologia , Infecção dos Ferimentos/diagnóstico , Infecção dos Ferimentos/epidemiologia , Infecção dos Ferimentos/microbiologia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18159, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770260

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Toothpick puncture (TPP) is a penetrating injury that can result in bringing pathogens to the deep space. Such penetrating wounds are typically of pinpoint size with initial symptoms appearing subtle. Consequently, the injury itself is often neglected by patients, or is not detected during physical examinations by medical doctors. Reported complications from such injuries include osteomyelitis and septic arthritis, mostly due to delayed treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A diabetic patient aged 83-year-old presented a 2-day history of skin redness, swelling, and tenderness over his forearm following a TPP a week earlier. Laboratory investigations showed leukocytosis with neutrophilic predominance and a high level of C-reactive protein. Before his operation, cultures of aspirated fluid from the injured site revealed the presence of Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococci viridans, Prevotella intermedia, and Pavimonas (Peptostreptococcus) micra. DIAGNOSIS: Intramuscular abscess associated with toothpick injury. INTERVENTIONS: Surgical irrigation with debridement and adjunctive antibiotics of ceftriaxone and clindamycin were given with a satisfactory response. Cultures of debrided tissue showed the presence of P intermedia and P (Peptostreptococcus) micra. OUTCOMES: A split-thickness skin graft was done. Patient was discharged on the 30th postoperative day. LESSONS: Toothpick injury, initial symptoms of which are subtle, can in some cases, lead to serious complications especially when managements are delayed. In such situations (including the present case), surgical irrigation and debridement are administrated for the eradication of infections, removal of potentially retained toothpick, and tissue cultures analyzed. Adjunctive antibiotics is recommended to combat both the aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms of the gastrointestinal tract, skin surface, and oral cavity.


Assuntos
Abscesso , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Desbridamento/métodos , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar/efeitos adversos , Traumatismos do Antebraço , Ferimentos Penetrantes , Abscesso/etiologia , Abscesso/terapia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Traumatismos do Antebraço/diagnóstico , Traumatismos do Antebraço/etiologia , Traumatismos do Antebraço/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Peptostreptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Prevotella intermedia/isolamento & purificação , Streptococcus anginosus/isolamento & purificação , Resultado do Tratamento , Estreptococos Viridans/isolamento & purificação , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/microbiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/terapia
8.
Am Surg ; 85(10): 1134-1138, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657309

RESUMO

Traumatic esophageal injury is a highly lethal but rare injury with minimal data in the trauma population. We sought to provide a descriptive analysis of esophageal trauma (ET) to identify the incidence, associated injuries, interventions, and outcomes. We hypothesized that blunt trauma is associated with higher risk of death than penetrating trauma. The Trauma Quality Improvement Program (2010-2016) was queried for patients with ET. Patients with blunt and penetrating trauma were compared using chi-square and Mann-Whitney U tests. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to determine risk of mortality. Of 1,403,466 adult patients, 651 (<0.01%) presented with ET. The most common associated thoracic injuries were rib fractures (38.7%) and pneumothorax (26.7%). More patients with a penetrating mechanism underwent open repair of the esophagus than those with blunt mechanism (46.2% vs 11.7%, P < 0.001). After controlling for covariates, there was no difference in risk of mortality between blunt and penetrating trauma (P = 0.65). The mortality rate for patients with esophageal injury surviving greater than 24 hours was 7.5 per cent. In this large national database analysis, ET was rare and most commonly associated with rib fractures and pneumothorax. Contrary to our hypothesis, the risk of mortality was equivalent between blunt and penetrating ET.


Assuntos
Esôfago/lesões , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/mortalidade , Ferimentos Penetrantes/mortalidade , Adulto , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Esôfago/cirurgia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Tempo de Internação , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Morbidade , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumotórax/complicações , Pneumotórax/epidemiologia , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas das Costelas/complicações , Fraturas das Costelas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Stents/estatística & dados numéricos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia
9.
J Spec Oper Med ; 19(3): 31-44, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539432

RESUMO

The 2012 study Death on the battlefield (2001-2011) by Eastridge et al.1 demonstrated that 7.5% of the prehospital deaths caused by potentially survivable injuries were due to external hemorrhage from the cervical region. The increasing use of Tactical Combat-Casualty Care (TCCC) and other medical interventions have dramatically reduced the overall rate of combat-related mortality in US forces; however, uncontrolled hemorrhage remains the number one cause of potentially survivable combat trauma. Additionally, the use of personal protective equipment and adaptations in the weapons used against US forces has caused changes in the wound distribution patterns seen in combat trauma. There has been a significant proportional increase in head and neck wounds, which may result in difficult to control hemorrhage. More than 50% of combat wounded personnel will receive a head or neck wound. The iTClamp (Innovative Trauma Care Inc., Edmonton, Alberta, Canada) is the first and only hemorrhage control device that uses the hydrostatic pressure of a hematoma to tamponade bleeding from an injured vessel within a wound. The iTClamp is US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for use on multiple sites and works in all compressible areas, including on large and irregular lacerations. The iTClamp's unique design makes it ideal for controlling external hemorrhage in the head and neck region. The iTClamp has been demonstrated effective in over 245 field applications. The device is small and lightweight, easy to apply, can be used by any level of first responder with minimal training, and facilitates excellent skills retention. The iTClamp reapproximates wound edges with four pairs of opposing needles. This mechanism of action has demonstrated safe application for both the patient and the provider, causes minimal pain, and does not result in tissue necrosis, even if the device is left in place for extended periods. The Committee on TCCC recommends the use of the iTClamp as a primary treatment modality, along with a CoTCCC-recommended hemostatic dressing and direct manual pressure (DMP), for hemorrhage control in craniomaxillofacial injuries and penetrating neck injuries with external hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Hemorragia/terapia , Traumatismos Maxilofaciais/complicações , Medicina Militar , Lesões do Pescoço/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Lesões Relacionadas à Guerra/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemostáticos , Humanos
11.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 27(1): 77, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426850

RESUMO

Traumatic spinal cord injury is a relatively rare injury in Denmark but may result in serious neurological consequences. For decades, prehospital spinal stabilisation with a rigid cervical collar and a hard backboard has been considered to be the most appropriate procedure to prevent secondary spinal cord injuries during patient transportation. However, the procedure has been questioned in recent years, due to the lack of high-quality studies supporting its efficacy. A national interdisciplinary task force was therefore established to provide updated clinical guidelines on prehospital procedures for spinal stabilisation of adult trauma patients in Denmark. The guidelines are based on a systematic review of the literature and grading of the evidence, in addition to a standardised consensus process.This process yielded five main recommendations:A strong recommendation against spinal stabilisation of patients with isolated penetrating trauma; a weak recommendation against the prehospital use of a rigid cervical collar and a hard backboard for ABCDE-stable patients; and a weak recommendation for the use of a vacuum mattress for patient transportation. Finally, our group recommends the use of our clinical algorithm to ensure good clinical practice.


Assuntos
Medicina de Emergência Baseada em Evidências , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Adulto , Algoritmos , Dinamarca , Humanos , Imobilização , Movimentação e Reposicionamento de Pacientes , Aparelhos Ortopédicos , Macas (Leitos) , Triagem , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações
12.
Cardiol Young ; 29(9): 1217-1218, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378212

RESUMO

A 14-year-old girl suddenly developed ventricular tachycardia and severe chest pain during hospitalisation for trauma surgery. CT revealed a needle in the pericardium. Careful interview elicited that she had inserted the needle by herself, and Munchausen syndrome was diagnosed. This is the first report of ventricular tachycardia caused by a foreign body in a patient with Munchausen syndrome.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/etiologia , Corpos Estranhos/complicações , Traumatismos Cardíacos/complicações , Pericárdio/lesões , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/complicações , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Adolescente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Traumatismos Cardíacos/diagnóstico , Traumatismos Cardíacos/cirurgia , Humanos , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Pericárdio/cirurgia , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia
13.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 25(4): 350-354, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chest injuries, accounting for 25% of all trauma-related deaths, are one of the main causes of death in young adults. Our priority is the early identification of life-threatening injuries both immediate and delayed. The role of various biomarkers, such as Clara cell protein 16, von Willebrand factor, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor, and angiopoietin, has been studied in trauma-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) levels have been studied in non-trauma-related ARDS. The aim of this prospective observational study was to evaluate the role of ACE levels as a prognostic marker in thoracic trauma. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted to evaluate serum ACE levels in thoracic trauma patients and to explore its prognostic potential with regard to clinical outcome. A total of 48 thoracic trauma patients were included in the study. RESULTS: The mean ACE level in the study population was 66.54+-11.18. A strong positive correlation was found among serum ACE levels and Thoracic Trauma Severity Score (TTSS). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that serum ACE levels are increased in thoracic trauma patients with higher levels, indicating the severe nature of trauma in concordance with increased TTSS scores.


Assuntos
Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Traumatismos Torácicos/enzimologia , Acidentes por Quedas , Acidentes de Trânsito , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/sangue , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/enzimologia , Traumatismos Torácicos/diagnóstico , Traumatismos Torácicos/etiologia , Traumatismos Torácicos/mortalidade , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Adulto Jovem
14.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 25(4): 417-423, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297784

RESUMO

Steel rod impalements, mostly experienced by construction workers due to falls from heights, are known entities, but only some individuals unfortunately suffer spinal cord injury. The management of the spine involved injuries is challenging due to the lack of guidelines, various clinical presentations resulting from different trajectories, and high risk of infection. We report a case of steel rod impalement involving the spinal canal and review the literature to enhance the management strategies and to identify the risk factors for possible complications, particularly infection. A 37-year-old male construction worker presented to our emergency department due to falling onto a concrete reinforcing steel rod that penetrated through his perineum to the L4 vertebra. Examination revealed paralysis and sensory loss of the left foot. The rod was removed in the operating room (closed removal) under general anesthesia, followed by laparotomy. Rectal laceration was primarily repaired, and colostomy was performed. In a separate session, laminectomy was performed. At 3 months post-discharge, the patient was ambulatory with armrest based on the same motor examination performed on presentation This case is a good example of careful preoperative planning, multidisciplinary involvement, and appropriately sequenced interventions resulting in an acceptable outcome for an injury with high morbidity and mortality and demonstrates the feasibility and potential benefits of closed removal of the rod in an operating room just before laparotomy. The presence of an intestinal perforation increases the infection risk, but infections can still be prevented in this setting. Shorter time intervals between the incidence and surgery may reduce the infection rate.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/etiologia , Adulto , Colonografia Tomográfica Computadorizada , Colostomia , Humanos , Lacerações , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Períneo/lesões , Fatores de Risco , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Aço , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia
15.
World Neurosurg ; 130: e672-e679, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical spine trauma (CST) may result in vertebral artery injury (VAI), increasing the risk of developing stroke. Stroke risk following CST is poorly reported. METHODS: In total, 729 patients with CST were retrospectively analyzed, including rates of VAI, age at injury, cause of injury, cardiovascular history, smoking history, substance abuse history, embolization therapy, and antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy prior or after injury. VAIs were identified and graded following the Modified Denver Criteria for Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury using magnetic resonance angiography and computed tomography angiography. Brain scans were reviewed for stroke rates and statistically significant variations. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients suffered penetrating trauma, whereas 696 patients experienced blunt trauma. In total, 81 patients met the criteria for analysis with confirmed VAI. VAI was more common in penetrating injury group compared with blunt injury group (64% vs. 9%, P < 0.0005). However, low-grade VAI (less than grade III) was more common in blunt injury group versus penetrating group (37% vs. 14%, P < 0.05). The frequency of posterior circulation strokes did not vary significantly between groups (26.3% vs. 13.8%, P = 0.21). Cardiovascular comorbidities were significantly more common in the blunt group (50%, P = 0.0001) compared with the penetrating group (0%). CONCLUSIONS: VAI occurs with a high incidence in penetrating CST. Although stroke risk following penetrating and blunt CST did not vary significantly, they resulted in serious complications in a group of patients. Further study of this patient population is required to provide high-level, evidence-based preventions for VAI complications.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Artéria Vertebral/lesões , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações
16.
J Surg Res ; 243: 440-446, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between psychiatric illness and outcomes in trauma patients in general has only recently been investigated. The aim of this study was to describe the unique characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes of patients with comorbid psychiatric illness and penetrating abdominal and pelvic injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of trauma patients with open injuries to the abdomen and pelvis identified in the 2010-2015 the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program database. Baseline variables extracted included demographics, comorbidities, including a discrete "psychiatric illness" variable that preexisted in the database, and injury information. Outcome variables collected included in-hospital mortality, length of stay and intensive care unit stay, and complications. Categorical variables were analyzed using chi-square and Fisher's exact test. Logistic regression was used to assess independent predictors for mortality with odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) constructed about group differences. RESULTS: There were 22,053 patients identified, 6.1% of whom were diagnosed with a psychiatric comorbidity. Patients with psychiatric illnesses were more likely to be aged ≥65 y (5.4% versus 3.2%, P < 0.0001), female (25.4% versus 12.4%, P < 0.0001), and have other comorbidities. Their injuries were more likely to be self-inflicted (34.9% versus 4.9%) and of a cut or piercing mechanism (33.7% versus 24.1%). Psychiatric comorbidity was an independent predictor of intensive care unit admission (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.14-1.53) and was independently associated with decreased odds of mortality (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.32-0.55) despite increased complication rates. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a psychiatric comorbidity may be independently associated with trauma patients' complications and outcomes. Patients with psychiatric comorbidities have a unique set of risk factors and health needs that must be recognized and addressed by multidisciplinary care teams.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/complicações , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Pelve/lesões , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Traumatismos Abdominais/mortalidade , Idoso , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/epidemiologia
17.
Radiol Med ; 124(12): 1270-1280, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302847

RESUMO

In an emergency department, penile traumas are uncommon and a prompt diagnosis is necessary. Penile injury may result from penetrating and non-penetrating trauma. Non-penetrating injuries can produce cavernosal hematomas or fractures: if not treated promptly, these lesions can result in fibrosis or erectile dysfunction. Penile traumatic lesions need a clinical approach first, but a radiological study is often required: ultrasonography with color and spectral Doppler study is usually the first approach. In some cases, magnetic resonance imaging may be performed to better recognize even small discontinuity of the tunica albuginea. Radiologists have to be aware of the various radiological patterns of penile traumatic lesions, in order to establish a prompt and correct diagnosis.


Assuntos
Pênis/lesões , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Cicatriz/etiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Fibrose/etiologia , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Ereção Peniana , Pênis/anatomia & histologia , Priapismo/etiologia , Ruptura/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura/etiologia , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Uretra/diagnóstico por imagem , Uretra/lesões , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações
18.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 276(9): 2541-2547, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218447

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Vascular injury in penetrating neck trauma predicts a poorer outcome and usually requires surgical neck exploration. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography is a readily available non-invasive diagnostic tool that can identify direct and indirect signs of vascular injury in stable patients. This study aims to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of radiological signs of vascular injury on MDCT, and their implications on patient management in the setting of penetrating neck trauma. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of penetrating neck injuries (PNI) between 2012 and 2018 in a UK major trauma centre was performed. Clinical data and operative findings were compared with radiological findings on MDCT performed at the time of admission. RESULTS: 157 patients were identified with PNI in the study period, with 67 meeting inclusion criteria. The predictive value of indirect radiological signs of vascular injury alone was low, with only 12.1% of these patients having significant vascular injury found at neck exploration. However, the combined use of direct radiological signs with clinical signs resulted in a specificity of 97.7% for vascular injury. CONCLUSIONS: The use of direct and indirect radiological signs of vascular injury can increase the accuracy of diagnosis when used in conjunction with clinical signs. Combining clinical assessment and radiological investigation, specifically contrast-enhanced MDCT, improves the specificity in pre-operative assessment of potential vascular injury in PNI. MDCT is recommended in stable patients with clinical signs of vascular injury to reduce the rate of negative neck exploration.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Lesões do Pescoço , Lesões do Sistema Vascular , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Pescoço/complicações , Lesões do Pescoço/diagnóstico , Lesões do Pescoço/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico
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