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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(6): e19027, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028413

RESUMO

To evaluate disparities in the National Institute of Health (NIH) trauma research funding.Traumatic injury has increased in both prevalence and cost over the last decade. In the event of a traumatic injury, patients in the United States (US) rely on the trauma system to provide high-quality care. The current trauma research funding is not commensurate with the extent of the burden of trauma on the US population.In this qualitative study, the National Institutes of Health's Estimates of Funding for Various Research, Condition, and Disease Categories (RCDC) data were reviewed. The burden of traumatic injury on the US and the NIH trauma research funding was examined and compared with other diseases.In 2018, the NIH funded an estimated $639 million to traumatic injury research projects, <2% of the NIH budget. Comparatively, the NIH funded an estimated $6.3 billion towards cancer research in 2018. Cancer research receives extensively more funding than trauma research despite that trauma accounts for 24.1% of all years of potential life lost (YPLL) before age 75 compared with 21.3% for cancer.In the event of traumatic injury, trauma systems in the US should be able to provide high-quality care to patients yet cannot do so without adequate research funding. The federal funding contributed towards trauma research deserves a re-evaluation.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , National Institutes of Health (U.S.) , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , National Institutes of Health (U.S.)/economia , National Institutes of Health (U.S.)/estatística & dados numéricos , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/economia , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
2.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(4): 109-113, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999683

RESUMO

On April 25, 2019, a farm tractor towing two 2-ton ammonia tanks on a county road in Lake County, Illinois, experienced a mechanical failure that resulted in the release of anhydrous ammonia, a colorless, pungent, irritating gas that can cause severe respiratory and ocular damage (1). Approximately 80% of anhydrous ammonia produced in the United States is used as a fertilizer in agriculture (1). Eighty-three persons, including first responders, motorists, and neighborhood residents, were evaluated at area hospitals because of exposure to the gas. Two weeks after the release, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) and CDC's National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) collaborated with the Lake County Health Department and the Illinois Department of Public Health on an investigation using ATSDR's Assessment of Chemical Exposures program to describe the release, review the emergency response, and determine health effects associated with the exposure. First responders, community residents, and hospital personnel reported communication challenges related to the nature of the gas release and effective protective measures. Among the 83 persons evaluated at six area hospitals for effects of the chemical release, 14 (17%) were hospitalized, including eight (10%) who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), seven (8%) of whom required endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation; no deaths occurred. In addition, ICU health care providers experienced symptoms of secondary exposure. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's Emergency Responder Health Monitoring and Surveillance Program has specific recommendations and tools to protect responders during all phases of a response (2). Hospitals also need to review institutional policies and procedures for chemical mass casualty events, including decontamination (3). Prompt and correct identification of hazardous material (hazmat) events, and clear communication among responding entities, including on-scene and hospital responders, is important to ensure effective response after a chemical release.


Assuntos
Amônia/toxicidade , Vazamento de Resíduos Químicos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Ferimentos e Lesões/induzido quimicamente , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Illinois/epidemiologia , Lactente , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol ; 41(1): 5-10, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000222

RESUMO

Use of excessive force (UOEF) is an important and controversial topic but little is known about how injury severity is related to allegations of UOEF. We hypothesized that such complaints would be associated with more significant traumatic injuries. Emergency department records were searched for all individuals making UOEF complaints against an urban police department from 2010 to 2012. Demographic, diagnosis, and other medical data, including Injury Severity Score, were obtained. From police records, force used, suspect resistance and threat, and other call data were obtained. The same data were collected for a control group randomly chosen from all use-of-force events identified during the study period. Of the 235 complaints filed, 42 (18%) subjects had medical evaluation. The control group was significantly younger and more likely to be male; there was no significant difference in race or income. Major injuries were infrequent. No significant difference was found in Injury Severity Score or other medical variables between the 2 groups. Among the law enforcement variables, the only significant difference was a higher likelihood of psychiatric-related calls in the control group. The majority of patients alleging UOEF did not require immediate medical attention, and we found no relationship between injury severity and UOEF complaints.


Assuntos
Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Polícia , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Washington/epidemiologia
4.
J Surg Res ; 245: 373-376, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been an increase in the usage of dirt bikes and all-terrain vehicles in urban environments. Previously, it has been shown that crashes involving these urban off-road vehicles (UORVs) resulted in different injury patterns from crashes that occurred in rural environments. The aim of this study was to compare injury patterns of patients involved in crashes while riding UORVs versus motorcycles (MCs). METHODS: A retrospective review (2005-2016) of patients who presented to our urban level I trauma center as a result of any MC or UORV crash was performed. Patients who presented after 48 h from the time of accident were excluded. A P < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: We identified 1556 patients who were involved in an MC or UORV crash resulting in injury (MC: n = 1324 [85%]; UORVs: n = 232 [15%]). Patients in UORV crashes were younger (26.2 y versus 39.6 y), less likely to be helmeted (39.6% versus 90.2%), required fewer emergent trauma bay procedures (28.4% versus 36.7%), and needed fewer operative interventions (45.9% versus 54.2%) (all P < 0.05). Both groups had a similar Injury Severity Score (12.2 versus 12.6; P = 0.54) and Glasgow Coma Score (13.8 versus 13.5; P = 0.46). UORV patients had a lower mortality (0.9% versus 4.7%; P < 0.05) compared to MC crash patients despite similar injury patterns. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that patients sustaining UORV injuries were younger and less likely to be helmeted but have a lower mortality rate after a crash, despite sustaining similar injuries as motorcyclists. This study provides an overview of how crashes involving UORV usage is a unique phenomenon and not entirely comparable to MC crashes.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Motocicletas/estatística & dados numéricos , Veículos Off-Road/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , New Jersey/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Surg Res ; 245: 13-21, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Geriatric trauma patients who require an unplanned ICU admission (UIA) may experience worse outcomes. As such, the American College of Surgeons initiated the Trauma Quality Improvement Program which tracks UIA as a quality benchmark. We sought to determine the overall rate and impact of UIA in our geriatric trauma population and to identify predictive risk factors. METHODS: All geriatric trauma patients (≥65) admitted to an urban, level I trauma center from January 2012 to June 2018 were identified. A retrospectively collected administrative database was queried for demographics, comorbidities, injury characteristics, and outcomes. UIA were identified and medical records were queried. Univariate analysis followed by binary logistic regression analysis were performed (P < 0.05 = significant). RESULTS: Of the 2923 geriatric patients identified, 95 (3.3%) patients experienced UIA, most commonly secondary to respiratory (34.7%) and cardiac (22.1%) events. Patients with UIA were older (81 versus 78, P = 0.04), and had higher injury severity score (10 versus 9, P < 0.01) and Charlson comorbidity indices (5 versus 4, P = 0.02). On logistic regression, age (OR 1.027, P = 0.04) and injury severity score (OR 1.032, P < 0.01) were predictive of unplanned ICU admission. Of the UIA, 69.4% were readmissions, or "bounce backs". Patients initially admitted to the ICU had 2.5 increased odds of requiring UIA. Patients with UIA experienced longer hospital stays (15 versus 5, P < 0.01), more days in the ICU (6 versus 1, P < 0.01), and higher rates of mortality (11.6% versus 5.0%, P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Despite relatively low injury severity, geriatric trauma patients requiring UIA have a significant increase in morbidity and mortality. Those initially admitted to the ICU are at especially high risk for UIA, suggesting the benefit of strategies to provide an extra layer of care post-ICU.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 1369-1375, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838806

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the injuries among 16 459 left-behind children from 27 poor rural areas in 12 provinces of China, 2016. Methods: Data were collected from the survey of 'Health Service Needs Assessment' (HSNA) program on left-behind children, from poor rural areas in the middle and western parts of China. Factors including causes, types, locations, related activities, ways of treatment and outcomes among left-behind children with injuries in 2016, were described and analyzed by gender and age groups. Results: In 2016, per-person and person-time incidence rates of injuries were 8.88% and 11.21%, among the 16 459 left-behind children from 27 poor rural areas in 12 provinces of China, both higher in boys, than in girls. Most injuries were unintentional with its proportion higher in older children. The main types of injuries were seen as falls, blunt and sharp injuries, with burns and animal injuries more common in younger children. Injuries among left-behind children mainly took place at home, kindergarten/school, and on the highways/streets/roads, during playing. Most common ways of treatment would include at the emergency settings, self-treated, with older children more likely to treat by themselves. Most injuries were cured. Conclusions: In programs on prevention and control of injuries targeting the left-behind children in poor rural areas, special attention should be given to older boys, on falls and blunt/sharp injuries, at home or kindergarten/school. Education programs should pinpoint on self-rescue skills and guidance on kids by the parents, with behavioral norms and social support included. Related comprehensive prevention and control mechanism should be developed in families, schools and communities, with medical resources and insurance mechanism explored to serve these population and districts, including those left-behind children.


Assuntos
População Rural , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas
7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(11): 1381-1385, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838808

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the current situation of road traffic injuries among primary and secondary school students in Mengzi city. Methods: Using the cluster random sampling method, more than 9 000 primary and secondary school students from 20 primary and secondary schools in Mengzi city, were randomly sampled. A questionnaire survey was conducted on the occurrence of road traffic injuries in school students. Results: A total of 9 197 students were surveyed, including 150 from road traffic injuries. The incidence rates of road traffic injuries was 1.63% among students in Mengzi city and 2.85% among junior high school students, with the high incidence in May. The leading places of injuries were village roads (38.00%), city roads (33.33%) and district roads (12.67%), respectively. 26.67% of the traffic injuries occurred on the way to or from schools, with riding on electric bicycle (52.00%) as the major cause and contusion/abrasion (75.33%) appeared as the major signs. Both lower and upper limbs plus multiple parts were accounting for 45.51%, 22.16% and 16.17%, respectively of all the injuries. 70.67% of all the cases with road traffic injuries in children, recovered after treatment. Children with road traffic injuries would stay in the hospital for up to 90 days but spent less than 30 000 Yuan. Conclusion: The incidence of road traffic injuries among students in Mengzi city seemed relatively high, with junior high school students reached the highest. Riding electric bicycle appeared as the leading cause for traffic injuries in children in Mengzi city of Yunnan province.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Ciclismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Pública , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Caminhada/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transportes , Ferimentos e Lesões/prevenção & controle
8.
Am Surg ; 85(11): 1281-1287, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775972

RESUMO

ACS-verified trauma centers show higher survival and improved mortality rates in states with ACS-verified Level I pediatric trauma centers. However, few significant changes are appreciated in the first two years after verification. Minimal research exists examining verification of ACS Level II pediatric trauma centers. We analyzed ACS Level II pediatric trauma verification at our institution. In 2014, Sanford Medical Center Fargo became the only Level II pediatric trauma center in North Dakota, as well as the only center between Spokane and Minneapolis. A retrospective review of the institution's pre-existing trauma database one year pre- and postverification was performed. Patients aged <18 years were included in the study (P < 0.05). Patient number increased by 23 per cent, from 167 to 205 patients. A statistically significant increase occured in the three to six year old age group (P = 0.0002); motorized recreational vehicle (P = 0.028), violent (P = 0.009), and other (P = 0.0374) mechanism of injury categories; ambulance (P = 0.0124), fixed wing (P = 0.0028), and personal-owned vehicle (P = 0.0112) modes of transportation. Decreased public injuries (P = 0.0071) and advanced life support ambulance transportation (P = 0.0397). The study showed a nonstatistically significant increase in mean Injury Severity Score (from 6.3 to 7) and Native American trauma (from 14 to 20 per cent). Whereas prolonged ACS Level I pediatric trauma center verification was found to benefit patients, minimal data exist on ACS Level II verification. Our findings are consistent with current Level I ACS pediatric trauma center data. Future benefits will require continued analysis because our Level II pediatric trauma center continues to mature and affect our rural and large Native American community.


Assuntos
Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Centros de Cuidados de Saúde Secundários/normas , Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Distribuição por Idade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Índios Norte-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , North Dakota/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Cuidados de Saúde Secundários/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores de Tempo , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia
10.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1449, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) have been one of the most critical public health problems in Thailand for decades. The objective of this study was to examine to what extent provincial economy was associated with RTIs, road traffic deaths and case fatality rate in Thailand. METHODS: A secondary data analysis on time-series data was applied. The unit of analysis was a panel of 77 provinces during 2012-2016. Data were obtained from relevant public authorities, including the Ministry of Public Health. Descriptive statistics and econometric models, using negative binomial (NB) regression, negative binomial regression with random-effects (RE) model, and spatial Durbin model (SDM) were employed. The main predictor variable was gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and the outcome variables were incidence proportion of RTIs, traffic deaths and case fatality rate. The analysis was adjusted for key covariates. RESULTS: The incidence proportion of RTIs rose from 449.0 to 524.9 cases per 100,000 population from 2012 till 2016, whereas the incidence of traffic fatalities fluctuated between 29.7 and 33.2 deaths per 100,000 population. Case fatality rate steadily stood at 0.06-0.07 deaths per victim. RTIs and traffic deaths appeared to be positively correlated with provincial economy in the NB regression and the RE model. In the SDM, a log-Baht increase in GDP per capita (equivalent to a growth of GDP per capita by about 2.7 times) enlarged the incidence proportion of injuries and deaths by about a quarter (23.8-30.7%) with statistical significance. No statistical significance was found in case fatality rate by the SDM. The SDM also presented the best model fitness relative to other models. CONCLUSION: The incidence proportion of traffic injuries and deaths appeared to rise alongside provincial prosperity. This means that RTIs-preventive measures should be more intensified in economically well-off areas. Furthermore, entrepreneurs and business sectors that gain economic benefit in a particular province should share responsibility in RTIs prevention in the area where their businesses are running. Further studies that explore others determinants of road safety, such as patterns of vehicles used, attitudes and knowledge of motorists, investment in safety measures, and compliance with traffic laws, are recommended.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Desenvolvimento Econômico/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Dados , Feminino , Produto Interno Bruto/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Modelos Econométricos , Análise Espacial , Tailândia/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
13.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 215, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692769

RESUMO

Introduction: Pediatric traumatic injury is a major public health concern that is poorly documented in lower and middle-income countries. This study analyzed data on pediatric injuries from a unique hospital trauma registry in Abuja, Nigeria. Methods: Data were analyzed on 220 traumatically injured patients aged 21 years/less to describe injury characteristics and to determine the association between mechanism of injury and pediatric head injuries in Abuja, Nigeria, between 2014 and 2015. Bivariate analysis using Pearson's chi-square and adjusted logistic regression were conducted to characterize the population and identify risk factors for head injury. P-values<0.05 were considered statistically significant. All statistical analyses were performed using STATA v.15.1. Results: The majority of patients were male (60.9%) with a mean age (SD) of 12.5±6.9 years. Head injuries were most common (49.6%), followed by chest (14.1%), abdomen (12.3%) and back (7.7%). The mechanism of injury was statistically significantly associated with head injury (p=0.027) with 63% of children in a motor vehicle accident sustaining a head injury. After adjusting for covariates, the odds of head injury were 3.8 times higher for children injured in a motor vehicle accidents (MVA) compared to those with falls (95%CI 1.40-10.40). Conclusion: This analysis reveals that motor vehicle accident is a risk factor for traumatic head injury among children in Nigeria. Therefore, efforts should be made to address motor vehicle accidents involving children. These data will help to inform age-related prevention and treatment strategies. The results of this study highlight the importance of collecting pediatric trauma data in developing countries.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Lakartidningen ; 1162019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742653

RESUMO

In Sweden equestrian sport activities are the sixth most popular sport and predominantly women and girls are engaged. Horses are prey animals and humans are predators, and the two species therefore act in completely different ways. It is well known that accidents can occur when horses and humans interact. Literature from different countries in the world reveals that most accidents happen to females and also children are at risk. The most common accident is when a rider falls from a horse, but also unmounted humans are at risk for injuries. Most of the injuries are uncomplicated, but there are several reports of serious injuries and death. Prevention of injuries is very important. Education about how horses behave and react in different situations and how to communicate with horses according to Natural Horsemanship strategies make the horses less inclined to escape. The effectiveness of helmets in preventing serious head injury has been well established.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Cavalos , Ferimentos e Lesões , Prevenção de Acidentes , Acidentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle , Criança , Humanos , Equipamentos de Proteção , Suécia/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17671, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702619

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Injuries among children and adolescents remain a major public health problem in China. In the present study, we undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature of epidemiological studies investigating injuries among children and adolescents in China and aimed to describe the status of injury among children and adolescents (aged 0-19 years) in China nationwide. A random-effects meta-analysis model was used to calculate the pooled prevalence of injury with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) across studies. The potential heterogeneity moderators were identified by subgroup and sensitivity analysis. A total of 775,615 children and adolescents were included in this study. Overall, the pooled injury prevalence among children and adolescents aged 0 to 19 years was 23.0% (95% CI 20.0%-27.0%) in studies using 1996 version of injury definition, and 13.0% (95% CI 10.0%-17.0%) in studies using 2004 version of injury definition. Relevant heterogeneity moderators have been identified by subgroup analysis. Sensitivity analysis yielded consistent results. CONCLUSION: Our study shows a moderately high injury prevalence among children and adolescents aged 0 to 19 years in China, more prevention policies and programs should be urgently developed to decrease the occurrence of child and adolescent injury.


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prevalência , Saúde Pública
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17330, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574869

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the experiences of medical transportation of Korean travelers who suffered accidents abroad and then transferred home by our aeromedical team.We collected demographic and clinical data on patients injured while traveling abroad from January 2013 to July 2017. Descriptive analyses based on 4 different transportation methods and transport time since hospitalization were performed.A total of 33 patients were repatriated during the study period. Of these, 28 (84.8%) were trauma cases with pedestrian injuries being the most common (11 cases; 39.3%). Twenty patients were repatriated by flight-stretchers, 6 by flight-prestige, 2 by ship, and 5 by air ambulance. The air ambulance was the most expensive (average 61,124 US Dollars) mode of transportation (P = .001) and the ship took the longest time (14 hours) to transport patients back to Korea from regions with similar distance (P = .0023).We experienced medical repatriation of 33 seriously injured Korean travelers back to South Korea. Transfer time should be an important considering factor and directly contacting and communicating with the specialized staff of foreign hospitals could also be very important to reduce unnecessary overseas hospital stay and cost incidence.


Assuntos
Transporte de Pacientes , Viagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões , Acidentes/economia , Acidentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Resgate Aéreo , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Seguro Saúde , Internacionalidade , Masculino , República da Coreia , Macas (Leitos) , Transporte de Pacientes/economia , Transporte de Pacientes/métodos , Transporte de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/economia , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
17.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 83, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Assess the magnitude and trend of hospitalization rates due to traumatic injuries in intensive care units (ICU) in Brazil from 1998 to 2015. METHODS: This is an ecological time-series study that analyzed data from the Hospital Information System. A trend analysis of hospitalization rates was performed according to diagnosis, sex and age using generalized linear regression models and Prais-Winsten estimation. RESULTS: Rates were higher among male patients, but increased hospitalization due to trauma among female patients influenced the ratio between both sexes. Falls and transport accidents were the most frequent causes of trauma. The average annual growth was 3.6% in ICU trauma hospitalization rates in Brazil, the highest growth was reported in the North region (8%; 95%CI 6.4-9.6), among women (5.4%; 95%CI 4.5-6.3), and among people aged 60 years and older (5.5%; 95%CI, 4.7-6.3). The most frequent causes of trauma are falls (4.5%; 95%CI 3.5-5.5) and care complications (5.4%; 95%CI 4.5-6.3). On the other hand, the annual hospital mortality rate due to trauma in ICU is 1.7% lower, on average (95%CI 2.1-1.3). CONCLUSION: An increase in ICU hospitalization rate due to trauma in Brazil may be the result of some factors, such as an increasing number of accidents and cases of violence, the implementation of pre-hospital care, and improved access to care, with more beds in ICU. In addition, population aging is another factor, as a greater increase in hospitalization was observed among people aged 60 years and older.


Assuntos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/tendências , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/tendências , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
18.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(5): 327-334, oct. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184122

RESUMO

Objetivo. Determinar la incidencia de lesiones torácicas óseas graves (LTOG) y de lesiones viscerales graves (LVG) secundarias a reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP) y estudiar las variables asociadas a ellas. Método. Se analizaron los datos del proyecto ReCaPTa, estudio prospectivo de la muerte súbita, con varias fuentes de información. Se incluyeron los pacientes no supervivientes a un intento de RCP manual, entre abril de 2014 y mayo de 2016, en los que se aplicó un protocolo autópsico específico para el estudio de las lesiones secundarias a la RCP. Resultados. Se analizaron 109 sujetos, con una mediana de edad de 63 años y un 32,1% de mujeres. El 63,3% presentaron LTOG y el 14,7%, LVG. El grupo con LTOG fue de mayor edad (63 vs 59 años, p = 0,031) y se asoció a una mayor proporción de pacientes con un perímetro torácico > 101 cm (56,5 vs 30%, p = 0,016) y con un perímetro abdominal > 100 cm (62,3 vs 37,5%, p = 0,017). En un análisis multivariado el perímetro torácico > 101 cm fue el único factor de riesgo para LTOG (OR 2,45; IC 95% 1,03-5,84) y el sexo femenino fue el único factor de riesgo para LVG (OR 5,02; IC 95% 1,18-21,25). Conclusión. Los pacientes con un perímetro torácico mayor de 101 cm y las mujeres presentan un riesgo superior de lesiones graves debidas a la RCP


Objective. To determine the incidence of serious rib cage damage (SRD) and serious visceral damage (SVD) secondary to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and to explore associated factors. Methods. We analyzed data from the prospective registry of cases of sudden death in Tarragona, Spain (the ReCaPTa study). Cases were collected from multiple surveillance sources. In this study we included the cases of autopsied nonsurvivors after attempted manual CPR between April 2014 and May 2016. A specific protocol to detect injuries secondary to CPR was used during the autopsies. Results. We analyzed 109 cases. The mean age at death was 63 years and 32.1% were women. SRD were found in 63.3% and SVD in 14.7%. The group with SRD were significantly older (63 vs 59 years, P=.031) and included higher percentages of persons with a chest circumference over 101 cm (56.5 vs 30%, P=.016) and a waist circumference over 100 cm (62.3 vs 37.5%, P=.017). A multivariable analysis confirmed chest circumference over 101 cm as the only risk factor for SRD (odds ratio [OR], 2.45; 95% CI, 1.03-5.84) and female sex as the only risk factor for SVD (OR, 5.02; 95% CI, 1.18-21.25). Conclusion. Women and any patient with a chest circumference greater than 101 cm are at greater risk for serious injuries related to CPR


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Caixa Torácica/lesões , Fraturas das Costelas/complicações , Fraturas das Costelas/epidemiologia , Curva ROC
19.
J Spec Oper Med ; 19(3): 110-115, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539444

RESUMO

This article traces the early history of military airborne operations and examines studies that have provided overall incidences of parachute-related injuries over time. The first US combat parachute assault was proposed during World War I, but the war ended before the operation could be conducted. Experimental jumps were conducted near San Antonio, Texas, in 1928 and 1929, but it was not until 1939, spurred by the developments in Germany, that the US Army Chief of Infantry proposed the development of an "air infantry." An Airborne Test Platoon was instituted with 48 men at Fort Benning, Georgia, and mass training of paratroopers began in 1940. The US entered World War II in December 1941 with the attack on Pearl Harbor and declaration of war by Germany. In January 1942, US War Department directed that four parachute regiments be formed. The 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion made the first US Army combat jumps into Morocco and Algeria in November 1942. At the US Army Airborne School in the 1940-1941 period, the parachute-related injury incidence was 27 injuries/1000 jumps; by 1993 it was 10 injuries/1000 jumps and in 2005-2006, 6 injuries/1000 jumps. Analysis of time-loss injuries in operational units showed a decline in injuries from 6 injuries/1000 jumps to 3 injuries/1000 jumps to 1 injury/1000 jumps in the periods 1946-1949, 1956-1962, and 1962-1963, respectively. When all injuries (not just time-loss) experienced in operational units are considered, the overall injury incidence was about 8 injuries/1000 jumps in the 1993- 2013 period. In jump operations involving a larger number of risk factors (e.g., high winds, combat loads, rough drop zones) injury incidences was considerably higher. The few studies that have reported on parachute-related injuries in combat operations suggest injury incidence ranged from 19 to 401 injuries/ 1000 jumps, likely because of the number of known injury risk factors present during these jumps. Despite the limitations of this analysis stemming from different injury definitions and variable risk factors, the data strongly suggest that military parachute injuries have sharply declined over time. Part 2 of this series will discuss techniques and equipment that have likely improved the safety of parachute operations.


Assuntos
Aviação/história , Militares/história , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Militares/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos , II Guerra Mundial
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547240

RESUMO

Around 90% of all fatal and non-fatal unintentional injuries occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The magnitude of unintentional injuries is unclear due to limited research and data. This paper describes the burden of lesser-known injuries (LKIs-cut injuries, unintentional poisoning, machine injuries, electrocution, injury by blunt objects, and suffocation) in rural Bangladesh, using data from the Saving of Lives from Drowning (SoLiD) project in Bangladesh. Descriptive statistics were used to report counts and rates of injuries by socio-demographic factors, injury characteristics, and circumstantial details. The annual morbidity rate of LKIs was 6878 injuries per 100,000 persons, involving 3.4% (40,520) of the population. Cut injury (44,131.2/100,000 per year) and injury by blunt objects (19768.6/100,000 per year) attributed in large numbers to the overall burden of LKIs. Males (66.1%) suffered more injuries than females. More than half (52.9%) occurred among people aged 25 to 64 years. Those involved in agriculture suffered the most injuries, mainly cut injuries (9234.1/100,000 per year) and machine-related injuries (582.9/100,000 per year). Most injuries occurred in the home setting. Increased awareness about packaging, storage, and the proper handling of appliances can help lower the frequency of LKIs. Safe architecture and awareness about home injuries is required to reduce injuries occurring in the home environment.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância da População , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
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