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1.
J Cell Sci ; 135(5)2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414166

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a regulated, non-apoptotic form of cell death, characterized by hydroxy-peroxidation of discrete phospholipid hydroperoxides, particularly hydroperoxyl (Hp) forms of arachidonoyl- and adrenoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine, with a downstream cascade of oxidative damage to membrane lipids, proteins and DNA, culminating in cell death. We recently showed that human trophoblasts are particularly sensitive to ferroptosis caused by depletion or inhibition of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) or the lipase PLA2G6. Here, we show that trophoblastic ferroptosis is accompanied by a dramatic change in the trophoblast plasma membrane, with macro-blebbing and vesiculation. Immunofluorescence revealed that ferroptotic cell-derived blebs stained positive for F-actin, but negative for cytoplasmic organelle markers. Transfer of conditioned medium that contained detached macrovesicles or co-culture of wild-type target cells with blebbing cells did not stimulate ferroptosis in target cells. Molecular modeling showed that the presence of Hp-phosphatidylethanolamine in the cell membrane promoted its cell ability to be stretched. Together, our data establish that membrane macro-blebbing is characteristic of trophoblast ferroptosis and can serve as a useful marker of this process. Whether or not these blebs are physiologically functional remains to be established.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Feminino , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase , Placenta , Gravidez , Trofoblastos
2.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1380-1386, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627414

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of autophagy to the ferroptosis in acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) cells and its mechanism. METHODS: ALL cell lines (including Reh, Jurkat and CCRF-CEM) were selected. The cell viability was detected by MTS assay and trypan blue staining was used to evaluate the death of the cell. The expression of autophagy related protein (including p62, LC3I/II) and Ferritin in ALL cells were detected by Western blot. The alteration of labile iron pool (LIP) in ALL cells was evaluated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Reh cells showed sensitivity to ferroptosis activator Erastin, while Jurkat and CCRF-CEM cells showed resistant. Autophagy activator rapamycin could promote the sensitivity of Jurkat and CCRF-CEM cells to Erastin, and the ferroptosis of the cells (P<0.001). Autophagy inhibitor chloroquine could reduce the sensitivity of Reh cells to Erastin and resist the ferroptosis of the cells (P<0.001). The expression of Ferritin could be down-regulated after autophagy was activated in Jurkat and CCRF-CEM cells (P<0.05), while the level of LIP was significantly increased (P<0.05). Inhibiting the autophgy in Reh cells could up-regulate the expression of Ferritin (P<0.01),while decrease the level of LIP (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The iron homeostasis in cells could be regulated by autophagy through affecting Ferritin expression and LIP level. Autophagy can alter sensitivity of ALL cells to ferroptosis activator Erastin, which suggestes that combining autophagy regulator with ferroptosis activator may be a new strategy for the treatment of chemotherapy-resistant ALL.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Autofagia , Homeostase , Humanos , Ferro , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5733, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593794

RESUMO

In addition to increasing the expression of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), tumor cells can also secrete exosomal PD-L1 to suppress T cell activity. Emerging evidence has revealed that exosomal PD-L1 resists immune checkpoint blockade, and may contribute to resistance to therapy. In this scenario, suppressing the secretion of tumor-derived exosomes may aid therapy. Here, we develop an assembly of exosome inhibitor (GW4869) and ferroptosis inducer (Fe3+) via amphiphilic hyaluronic acid. Cooperation between the two active components in the constructed nanounit induces an anti-tumor immunoresponse to B16F10 melanoma cells and stimulates cytotoxic T lymphocytes and immunological memory. The nanounit enhances the response to PD-L1 checkpoint blockade and may represent a therapeutic strategy for enhancing the response to this therapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Exossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Melanoma Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Anilina/farmacologia , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Compostos de Benzilideno/farmacologia , Compostos de Benzilideno/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/transplante , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/imunologia , Exossomos/imunologia , Exossomos/metabolismo , Feminino , Ferroptose/imunologia , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Memória Imunológica , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Melanoma Experimental/imunologia , Melanoma Experimental/patologia , Camundongos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/imunologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Evasão Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
4.
Life Sci ; 284: 119935, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508760

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerotic vascular disease remains the principal cause of death and disability among patients with type 2 diabetes. Unfortunately, the problem is not adequately resolved by therapeutic strategies with currently available drugs or approaches that solely focus on optimal glycemic control. To identify the key contributors and better understand the mechanism of diabetic atherosclerotic vascular disease, we aimed to elucidate the key genetic characteristics and pathological pathways in atherosclerotic vascular disease through nonbiased bioinformatics analysis and subsequent experimental demonstration and exploration in diabetic atherosclerotic vascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-eight upregulated and 23 downregulated genes were identified from the analysis of gene expression profiles (GSE30169 and GSE6584). A comprehensive bioinformatic assay further identified that ferroptosis, a new type of programmed cell death and HMOX1 (a gene that encodes heme oxygenase), were vital factors in atherosclerotic vascular disease. We further demonstrated that diabetes significantly increased ferroptosis and HMOX1 levels compared to normal controls. Importantly, the ferroptosis inhibitor ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) effectively attenuated diabetic atherosclerosis, suggesting the causative role of ferroptosis in diabetic atherosclerosis development. At the cellular level, Fer-1 ameliorated high glucose high lipid-induced lipid peroxidation and downregulated ROS production. More importantly, HMOX1 knockdown attenuated Fe2+ overload, reduced iron content and ROS, and alleviated lipid peroxidation, which led to a reduction in ferroptosis in diabetic human endothelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that HMOX1 upregulation is responsible for the increased ferroptosis in diabetic atherosclerosis development, suggesting that HMOX1 may serve as a potential therapeutic or drug development target for diabetic atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/enzimologia , Aterosclerose/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/enzimologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/genética , Ferroptose , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Regulação para Cima , Animais , Apolipoproteínas E/deficiência , Apolipoproteínas E/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/complicações , Aterosclerose/patologia , Cicloexilaminas/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Progressão da Doença , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Glutationa/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/antagonistas & inibidores , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Sobrecarga de Ferro/complicações , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos Knockout , NADP/metabolismo , Fenilenodiaminas/farmacologia , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/genética
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9916328, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541001

RESUMO

Ferroptosis and inflammation induced by cerebral hemorrhage result in an excessive inflammatory response and irreversible neuronal injury. Alleviating ferroptosis might be an effective way to prevent neuroinflammatory injury and promote neural functional recovery. Pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazine (PIH), a lipophilic iron-chelating agent, has been reported to reduce excess iron-induced cytotoxicity. However, whether PIH could ameliorate the effects of hemorrhagic stroke is not completely understood. In the present study, the preventive effects of PIH in an intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) mouse model were investigated. Neurological score, rotarod test, and immunofluorescence around the hematoma were assessed to evaluate the effects of PIH on hemorrhagic injury. The involvement of ferroptosis and inflammation was also examined in vitro to explore the underlying mechanism. Results showed that administration of PIH prevented neuronal cell death and reduced lipid peroxidation in Erastin-treated PC-12 cells. In vivo, mice treated with PIH after ICH attenuated neurological deficit scores. Additionally, we found PIH reduced ROS production, iron accumulation, and lipid peroxidation around the hematoma peripheral tissue. Meanwhile, ICH mice treated with PIH showed an upregulation of the key ferroptosis enzyme, glutathione peroxidase 4, and downregulation of cyclooxygenase-2. Moreover, PIH administration inhibited proinflammatory polarization and reduced interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha in ICH mice. Collectively, these results demonstrated that PIH protects mice against hemorrhage stroke, which was associated with mitigation of inflammation and ferroptosis.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoniazida/análogos & derivados , Piridoxal/análogos & derivados , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemorragia Cerebral/metabolismo , Compostos Férricos/farmacologia , Ferroptose/fisiologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Ferro/metabolismo , Quelantes de Ferro/farmacologia , Isoniazida/metabolismo , Isoniazida/farmacologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurônios/metabolismo , Piridoxal/metabolismo , Piridoxal/farmacologia
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576065

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a newly recognized type of cell death that is different from traditional forms of cell death, such as apoptosis, autophagy, and necrosis. It is caused by the accumulation of intracellular iron, promoting lipid peroxidation and leading to cell death. Iron is essential as a redox metal in several physiological functions. The brain is one of the organs known to be affected by iron homeostatic balance disruption. An increased concentration of iron in the central nervous system has been associated with oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation of proteins, and cell death. The hippocampus is an important brain region for learning, memory, and emotional responses, and is also a sensitive part of the brain to the dysfunctional homeostasis of transition metals. Damage of hippocampal structure and function are intimately involved in the pathogenic mechanisms underlying neurodegenerative diseases. Currently, ferroptosis is playing an increasingly important role in treatment areas of central nervous system diseases. Thus, we provide an overview of ferroptosis regulatory mechanisms, such as lipid metabolism, glutathione metabolism, and iron metabolism in this review. We also highlight the role of ferroptosis in hippocampal-related diseases and investigate a theoretical basis for further research on the role of ferroptosis in nervous system disease treatment.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/patologia , Ferroptose , Hipocampo/patologia , Animais , Humanos , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Modelos Biológicos
7.
Oncoimmunology ; 10(1): 1959977, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527427

RESUMO

Recently, several molecular subtypes with different prognosis have been found in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). However, the characteristics of the ferroptosis molecular subtypes and the associated tumor microenvironment (TME) cell infiltration have not been fully studied in LUAD. Using 1160 lung adenocarcinoma samples, we explored the molecular subtypes mediated by ferroptosis-related genes, along with the associated TME cell infiltration. The ferroptosis score was constructed using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression (LASSO) method to quantify the ferroptosis characteristics of a single tumor. Three different molecular subtypes related to ferroptosis, with different prognoses, were identified in LUAD. Analysis of TME cell infiltration revealed immune heterogeneity among the three subtypes. Cluster A was characterized by immunosuppression and was associated with stromal activation. Cluster C was characterized by a large number of immune cells infiltrating the TME, promoting tumor immune response, and it was significantly enriched in immune activation-related signaling pathways. Relatively less infiltration of immune cells was a feature of cluster B. The ferroptosis score can predict tumor subtype, immunity and prognosis. A low ferroptosis score was characterized by immune activation and good prognosis, as seen in the cluster C subtype. Relative immunosuppression and poor prognosis were the characteristics of a high ferroptosis score, as seen in cluster A and B subtypes. At the same time, the anti-PD-1/L1 immunotherapy cohort demonstrated that a low ferroptosis score was associated with higher efficacy of immunotherapy. The ferroptosis score is a promising biomarker that could be of great significance to determine the prognosis, molecular subtypes, TME cell infiltration characteristics and immunotherapy effects in patients with LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Ferroptose , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
8.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5311, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493724

RESUMO

Although some effective therapies have been available for cancer, it still poses a great threat to human health and life due to its drug resistance and low response in patients. Here, we develop a ferroptosis-based therapy by combining iron nanoparticles and cancer-specific gene interference. The expression of two iron metabolic genes (FPN and LCN2) was selectively knocked down in cancer cells by Cas13a or microRNA controlled by a NF-κB-specific promoter. Cells were simultaneously treated by iron nanoparticles. As a result, a significant ferroptosis was induced in a wide variety of cancer cells. However, the same treatment had little effect on normal cells. By transferring genes with adeno-associated virus and iron nanoparticles, the significant tumor growth inhibition and durable cure were obtained in mice with the therapy. In this work, we thus show a cancer therapy based on gene interference-enhanced ferroptosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/antagonistas & inibidores , Ferroptose/genética , Ferro/metabolismo , Lipocalina-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias/terapia , Interferência de RNA , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/agonistas , Animais , Proteínas Associadas a CRISPR/genética , Proteínas Associadas a CRISPR/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dependovirus/genética , Dependovirus/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Lipocalina-2/genética , Lipocalina-2/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neoplasias/patologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Baço/metabolismo , Baço/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Carga Tumoral , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
9.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 175: 236-248, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520822

RESUMO

Acute cadmium (Cd) exposure is a significant risk factor for renal injury and lacks effective treatment strategies. Ferroptosis is a recently identified iron-dependent form of nonapoptotic cell death mediated by membrane damage resulting from lipid peroxidation, and it is implicated in many diseases. However, whether ferroptosis is involved in Cd-induced renal injury and, if so, how it operates. Here, we show that Cd can induce ferroptosis in kidney and renal tubular epithelial cells, as demonstrated by elevation of intracellular iron levels and lipid peroxidation, as well as impaired antioxidant production. Treatment with a ferroptosis inhibitor alleviated Cd-induced cell death. Intriguingly, we established that Cd-induced ferroptosis depended on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, by demonstrating that Cd activated the PERK-eIF2α-ATF4-CHOP pathway and that inhibition of ER stress reduced ferroptosis caused by Cd. We further found that autophagy was required for Cd-induced ferroptosis because the inhibition of autophagy by chloroquine mitigated Cd-induced ferroptosis. Furthermore, we showed that iron dysregulation by ferritinophagy contributed to Cd-induced ferroptosis, by showing that the iron chelator desferrioxamine alleviated Cd-induced cell death and lipid peroxidation. In addition, ER stress is likely activated by MitoROS which trigger autophagy and ferroptosis. Collectively, our results indicate that ferroptosis is involved in Cd-induced renal toxicity and regulated by the MitoROS-ER stress-ferritinophagy axis.


Assuntos
Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Ferroptose , Apoptose , Autofagia , Cádmio/toxicidade , Células Epiteliais
10.
J Int Med Res ; 49(9): 3000605211042975, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510961

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and validate ferroptosis-related markers in ulcerative colitis (UC) to explore new directions for UC diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: We screened UC chips and ferroptosis-related genes from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), FerrDb, and GeneCards databases. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and ferroptosis-related DEGs between the UC group and normal controls were analyzed using bioinformatics methods. Enrichment analysis, protein-protein interaction analysis, and hub genes were screened. Peripheral blood chip and animal experiments were used to validate the ferroptosis-related hub genes. Finally, hub gene-transcription factor, hub gene-microRNA (miRNA), and hub gene-drug interaction networks were constructed. RESULTS: Overall, 26 ferroptosis-related DEGs were identified that were significantly enriched in energy pathways and metabolism. We identified ten ferroptosis-related hub genes from the protein-protein interaction network: IL6, PTGS2, HIF1A, CD44, MUC1, CAV1, NOS2, CXCL2, SCD, and ACSL4. In the peripheral blood chip GSE94648, CD44 and MUC1 were upregulated, which was consistent with the expression trend in GSE75214. Animal experiments showed that CD44 expression was significantly increased in the colon. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that CD44 and MUC1 may be ferroptosis-related markers in UC.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Ferroptose , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445601

RESUMO

Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent form of programmed cell death, has excellent potential as an anti-cancer therapeutic strategy in different types of tumors, especially in RAS-mutated ones. However, the function of ferroptosis for inhibiting neuroblastoma, a common child malignant tumor with minimal treatment, is unclear. This study investigated the anti-cancer function of ferroptosis inducer Erastin or RSL3 in neuroblastoma N2A cells. Our results show that Erastin or RSL3 induces ROS level and cell death and, therefore, reduces the viability of RAS-proficient N2A cells. Importantly, inhibitors to ferroptosis, but not apoptosis, ameliorate the high ROS level and viability defect in Erastin- or RSL3-treated cells. In addition, our data also show that N2A cells are much more sensitive to ferroptosis inducers than primary mouse cortical neural stem cells (NSCs) or neurons. Moreover, a higher level of ROS and PARylation is evidenced in N2A, but not NSCs. Mechanically, ferritin heavy chain 1 (Fth), the ferroxidase function to oxidate redox-active Fe2+ to redox-inactive Fe3+, is likely responsible for the hypersensitivity of N2A to ferroptosis induction since its expression is lower in N2A compared to NSCs; ectopic expression of Fth reduces ROS levels and cell death, and induces expression of GPX4 and cell viability in N2A cells. Most importantly, neuroblastoma cell lines express a significantly low level of Fth than almost all other types of cancer cell lines. All these data suggest that Erastin or RSL3 induce ferroptosis cell death in neuroblastoma N2A cells, but not normal neural cells, regardless of RAS mutations, due to inadequate FTH. This study, therefore, provides new evidence that ferroptosis could be a promising therapeutic target for neuroblastoma.


Assuntos
Ferritinas/metabolismo , Ferroptose , Células-Tronco Neurais/patologia , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteínas ras/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Feminino , Ferritinas/genética , Ferro/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Neuroblastoma/genética , Neuroblastoma/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Oxirredutases/genética , Piperazinas/metabolismo , Proteínas ras/genética
12.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 174: 225-235, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407426

RESUMO

Oxidative stress has been implicated in the aging process and the progression of many neurodegenerative disorders. We previously reported that a novel oxindole compound, GIF-0726-r, effectively prevents endogenous oxidative stress, such as oxytosis/ferroptosis, an iron-dependent form of non-apoptotic cell death, in mouse hippocampal cells. In this study, using two hundred compounds that were developed based on the structure-activity relationship of GIF-0726-r, we screened for the most potent compounds that prevent glutamate- and erastin-induced oxytosis and ferroptosis. Using submicromolar concentrations, we identified nine neuroprotective compounds that have N,N-dimethylaniline as a common structure but no longer contain an oxindole ring. The most potent derivatives, GIF-2114 and GIF-2197-r (the racemate of GIF-2115 and GIF-2196), did not affect glutathione levels, had no antioxidant activity in vitro, or ability to activate the Nrf2 pathway, but prevented oxytosis/ferroptosis via reducing reactive oxygen production and decreasing ferrous ions. Furthermore, we developed fluorescent probes of GIF-2114 and GIF-2197-r to image their distribution in live cells and found that they preferentially accumulated in late endosomes/lysosomes, which play a central role in iron metabolism. These results suggest that GIF-2114 and GIF-2197-r protect hippocampal cells from oxytosis/ferroptosis by targeting late endosomes and lysosomes, as well as decreasing ferrous ions.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Compostos de Anilina , Animais , Endossomos , Lisossomos , Camundongos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia
13.
Nat Immunol ; 22(9): 1107-1117, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385713

RESUMO

The linkage between neutrophil death and the development of autoimmunity has not been thoroughly explored. Here, we show that neutrophils from either lupus-prone mice or patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) undergo ferroptosis. Mechanistically, autoantibodies and interferon-α present in the serum induce neutrophil ferroptosis through enhanced binding of the transcriptional repressor CREMα to the glutathione peroxidase 4 (Gpx4, the key ferroptosis regulator) promoter, which leads to suppressed expression of Gpx4 and subsequent elevation of lipid-reactive oxygen species. Moreover, the findings that mice with neutrophil-specific Gpx4 haploinsufficiency recapitulate key clinical features of human SLE, including autoantibodies, neutropenia, skin lesions and proteinuria, and that the treatment with a specific ferroptosis inhibitor significantly ameliorates disease severity in lupus-prone mice reveal the role of neutrophil ferroptosis in lupus pathogenesis. Together, our data demonstrate that neutrophil ferroptosis is an important driver of neutropenia in SLE and heavily contributes to disease manifestations.


Assuntos
Ferroptose/fisiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Neutropenia/patologia , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Animais , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Autoimunidade/imunologia , Modulador de Elemento de Resposta do AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/imunologia , Camundongos , Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
14.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361674

RESUMO

(1) Background: the current research was conducted to investigate the potential non-antioxidant roles of vitamin E in the protection of hepatocysts from oxidative damage. (2) Methods: primary sheep hepatocytes were cultured and exposed to 200, 400, 600, or 800 µmol/L hydrogen peroxide, while their viability was assessed using a CCK-8 kit. Then, cells were treated with 400 µmol/L hydrogen peroxide following a pretreatment with 50, 100, 200, 400, and 800 µmol/L vitamin E and their intracellular ROS levels were determined by means of the DCF-DA assay. RNA-seq, verified by qRT-PCR, was conducted thereafter: non-treated control (C1); cells treated with 400 µmol/L hydrogen peroxide (C2); and C2 plus a pretreatment with 100 µmol/L vitamin E (T1). (3) Results: the 200-800 µmol/L hydrogen peroxide caused significant cell death, while 50, 100, and 200 µmol/L vitamin E pretreatment significantly improved the survival rate of hepatocytes. ROS content in the cells pretreated with vitamin E was significantly lower than that in the control group and hydrogen-peroxide-treated group, especially in those pretreated with 100 µmol/L vitamin E. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) concerning cell death involved in apoptosis (RIPK1, TLR7, CASP8, and CASP8AP2), pyroptosis (NLRP3, IL-1ß, and IRAK2), and ferroptosis (TFRC and PTGS2). The abundances of IL-1ß, IRAK2, NLRP3, CASP8, CASP8AP2, RIPK1, and TLR7 were significantly increased in the C1 group and decreased in T1 group, while TFRC and PTGS2 were increased in T1 group. (4) Conclusions: oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide caused cellular damage and death in sheep hepatocytes. Pretreatment with vitamin E effectively reduced intracellular ROS levels and protected the hepatocytes from cell death by regulating gene expression associated with apoptosis (RIPK1, TLR7, CASP8, and CASP8AP2) and pyroptosis (NLRP3, IL-1ß, and IRAK2), but not ferroptosis (TFRC and PTGS2).


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ferroptose/genética , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Piroptose/genética , Vitamina E/farmacologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/citologia , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA-Seq/métodos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ovinos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 943, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effective treatment and prognosis prediction of bladder cancer (BLCA) remains a medical problem. Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent form of programmed cell death. Ferroptosis is closely related to tumour occurrence and progression, but the prognostic value of ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs) in BLCA remains to be further clarified. In this study, we identified an FRG signature with potential prognostic value for patients with BLCA. METHODS: The corresponding clinical data and mRNA expression profiles of BLCA patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Univariate Cox regression was used to extract FRGs related to survival time, and a Cox regression model was used to construct a multigene signature. Both principal component analysis (PCA) and single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA) were performed for functional annotation. RESULTS: Clinical traits were combined with FRGs, and 15 prognosis-related FRGs were identified by Cox regression. High expression of CISD1, GCLM, CRYAB, SLC7A11, TFRC, ACACA, ZEB1, SQLE, FADS2, ABCC1, G6PD and PGD was related to poor survival in BLCA patients. Multivariate Cox regression was used to construct a prognostic model with 7 FRGs that divided patients into two risk groups. Compared with that in the low-risk group, the overall survival (OS) of patients in the high-risk group was significantly lower (P < 0.001). In multivariate regression analysis, the risk score was shown to be an independent predictor of OS (HR = 1.772, P < 0.01). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis verified the predictive ability of the model. In addition, the two risk groups displayed different immune statuses in ssGSEA and different distributed patterns in PCA. CONCLUSION: Our research suggests that a new gene model related to ferroptosis can be applied for the prognosis prediction of BLCA. Targeting FRGs may be a treatment option for BLCA.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Ferroptose , Nomogramas , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Seguimentos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
16.
Nat Immunol ; 22(9): 1127-1139, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413521

RESUMO

Follicular helper T (TFH) cells are a specialized subset of CD4+ T cells that essentially support germinal center responses where high-affinity and long-lived humoral immunity is generated. The regulation of TFH cell survival remains unclear. Here we report that TFH cells show intensified lipid peroxidation and altered mitochondrial morphology, resembling the features of ferroptosis, a form of programmed cell death that is driven by iron-dependent accumulation of lipid peroxidation. Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) is the major lipid peroxidation scavenger and is necessary for TFH cell survival. The deletion of GPX4 in T cells selectively abrogated TFH cells and germinal center responses in immunized mice. Selenium supplementation enhanced GPX4 expression in T cells, increased TFH cell numbers and promoted antibody responses in immunized mice and young adults after influenza vaccination. Our findings reveal the central role of the selenium-GPX4-ferroptosis axis in regulating TFH homeostasis, which can be targeted to enhance TFH cell function in infection and following vaccination.


Assuntos
Ferroptose/fisiologia , Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Selênio/farmacologia , Células T Auxiliares Foliculares/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/imunologia , Criança , Feminino , Centro Germinativo/citologia , Centro Germinativo/imunologia , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Homeostase/genética , Humanos , Imunidade Humoral/imunologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/imunologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/fisiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Mitocôndrias/fisiologia , Ovalbumina , Células T Auxiliares Foliculares/imunologia , Vacinação , Adulto Jovem
17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5103, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429409

RESUMO

Hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemia are associated with an increased risk for many cancer types and with poor outcomes in patients with established disease. Whereas the mechanisms by which this occurs are multifactorial we determine that chronic exposure of cells to 27-hydroxycholesterol (27HC), an abundant circulating cholesterol metabolite, selects for cells that exhibit increased cellular uptake and/or lipid biosynthesis. These cells exhibit substantially increased tumorigenic and metastatic capacity. Notably, the metabolic stress imposed upon cells by the accumulated lipids requires sustained expression of GPX4, a negative regulator of ferroptotic cell death. We show that resistance to ferroptosis is a feature of metastatic cells and further demonstrate that GPX4 knockdown attenuates the enhanced tumorigenic and metastatic activity of 27HC resistant cells. These findings highlight the general importance of ferroptosis in tumor growth and metastasis and suggest that dyslipidemia/hypercholesterolemia impacts cancer pathogenesis by selecting for cells that are resistant to ferroptotic cell death.


Assuntos
Colesterol/metabolismo , Ferroptose/fisiologia , Homeostase , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidroxicolesteróis , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 175: 28-41, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461261

RESUMO

Iron, through its participation in oxidation/reduction processes, is essential for the physiological function of biological systems. In the brain, iron is involved in the development of normal cognitive functions, and its lack during development causes irreversible cognitive damage. Yet, deregulation of iron homeostasis provokes neuronal damage and death. Ferroptosis, a newly described iron-dependent cell death pathway, differs at the morphological, biochemical, and genetic levels from other cell death types. Ferroptosis is characterized by iron-mediated lipid peroxidation, depletion of the endogenous antioxidant glutathione and altered mitochondrial morphology. Although iron promotes the emergence of Ca2+ signals via activation of redox-sensitive Ca2+ channels, the role of Ca2+ signaling in ferroptosis has not been established. The early dysregulation of the cellular redox state observed in ferroptosis is likely to disturb Ca2+ homeostasis and signaling, facilitating ferroptotic neuronal death. This review presents an overview of the role of iron and ferroptosis in neuronal function, emphasizing the possible involvement of Ca2+ signaling in these processes. We propose, accordingly, that the iron-ferroptosis-Ca2+ association orchestrates the progression of cognitive dysfunctions and memory loss that occurs in neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, to prevent iron dyshomeostasis and ferroptosis, we suggest the use of drugs that target the abnormal Ca2+ signaling caused by excessive iron levels as therapy for neurological disorders.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Cálcio , Morte Celular , Ferro , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
19.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5078, 2021 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426578

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified loci for kidney disease, but the causal variants, genes, and pathways remain unknown. Here we identify two kidney disease genes Dipeptidase 1 (DPEP1) and Charged Multivesicular Body Protein 1 A (CHMP1A) via the triangulation of kidney function GWAS, human kidney expression, and methylation quantitative trait loci. Using single-cell chromatin accessibility and genome editing, we fine map the region that controls the expression of both genes. Mouse genetic models demonstrate the causal roles of both genes in kidney disease. Cellular studies indicate that both Dpep1 and Chmp1a are important regulators of a single pathway, ferroptosis and lead to kidney disease development via altering cellular iron trafficking.


Assuntos
Dipeptidases/genética , Ferroptose/genética , Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Nefropatias/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Animais , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Cromatina/metabolismo , Cisplatino , Metilação de DNA/genética , Dipeptidases/deficiência , Dipeptidases/metabolismo , Ácido Fólico , Edição de Genes , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Haploinsuficiência/genética , Humanos , Ferro/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Camundongos , Necroptose/genética , Especificidade de Órgãos , Mapeamento Físico do Cromossomo , Piroptose/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/deficiência , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo
20.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1109-1118, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362489

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect and involved mechanism of RSL3 on ferroptosis action in acute leukemia cells MOLM13 and its drug-resistant cells. METHODS: After MOLM13 treated with RSL3, CCK-8 assay was performed to detect cell viability, flow cytometry was used to detect the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level of the cells, RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4). After MOLM13/IDA and MOLM13/Ara-C, the drug-resistant cell lines were constructed, the ferroptosis induced by RSL3 was observed. Bone marrow samples were collected from patients with acute monocytic leukemia. RT-qPCR and Western blot were performed to detect the expression of related genes and proteins involved in ferroptosis pathway. RESULTS: RSL3 significantly inhibited the cell viability of MOLM13 and increased the intracellular ROS level, which were partially reversed by ferrostatin-1. The mRNA and protein expression of GPX4 decreased in MOLM13 treated with RSL3. RSL3 inhibited the viability of MOLM13/IDA and MOLM13/Ara-C cells more strongly than that of non-drug resistant cells, also increased the intracellular ROS level . The cytotoxic effects were partially reversed by ferrostatin-1. The mRNA and protein expressions of GPX4 in MOLM13/IDA and MOLM13/Ara-C cells were higher than those in non-drug resistant cells. The mRNA and protein levels of GPX4 in bone marrow of relapsed/refractory acute mononuclear leukemia patients were higher than those of ordinary acute mononuclear leukemia patients. CONCLUSION: RSL3 can induce non-drug resistant cells MOLM13 ferroptosis by inhibiting GPX4 activity. MOLM13/IDA and MOLM13/Ara-C are more sensitive to RSL3 compared with non-drug resistant cells MOLM13, which may be caused by the differences in GPX4 expression. The expressions of GPX4 mRNA and protein in relapsed/refractory acute mononuclear leukemia are higher than those in ordinary acute mononuclear leukemia.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Carbolinas , Linhagem Celular , Criança , Humanos
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