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1.
Food Chem ; 398: 133903, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998485

RESUMO

To investigate the potential mechanisms by which cold storage affects the water-holding capacity (WHC) of beef through analysis of exudates using an untargeted metabolomics strategy. A total of 877 metabolites were detected in four groups of beef exudates that have been frozen for 1, 2, 4, and 6 days, of which, 278 were identified as differential metabolites (DMs). The metabolic pathways of the DMs analysed by KEGG pathway enrichment included ABC transporters, purine metabolism, biosynthesis of cofactors, protein digestion and absorption, and ferroptosis. Ferroptosis was identified during storage of beef, and the reduction in WHC of beef was accompanied by a ferroptosis process. In addition, six DMs were identified in the KEGG pathway of ferroptosis, and the process of cellular ferroptosis was dependent on the inhibition of glutathione metabolic processes. Overall, the ferroptosis of cells during beef storage had a negative impact on WHC, and the finding of ferroptosis complemented the post-slaughter apoptosis.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Água , Animais , Bovinos , Congelamento , Glutationa , Metabolômica , Água/análise
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 855: 158715, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113792

RESUMO

Many nanomaterials containing different valences of iron have been designed for applications in biomedicine, energy, catalyzers, nanoenzymes, and so on. However, the toxic effects of the valence state of iron in iron-based nanomaterials are still unclear. Here, three different-valence iron-based nanomaterials (nFe@Fe3O4, nFe3O4 and nFe2O3) were synthesized and exposed to zebrafish embryos and mammalian cardiomyocytes. All of them induced ferroptosis along with an increase in valence through iron overload and the Fenton reaction. Specifically, we exposed Tg (cmlc2:EGFP) zebrafish to the three iron-based nanomaterials and found that nFe@Fe3O4 treatments led to enlarged ventricles, while nFe3O4 and nFe2O3 increased atrial size, which was consistent with the results from hematoxylin-eosin staining and in situ hybridization. Moreover, we used ferroptosis inhibitors (ferrostatin-1 or deferoxamine) to treat zebrafish along with nanoparticles exposure and found that the cardiac developmental defects caused by nFe3O4 and nFe2O3, but not nFe@Fe3O4, could be completely rescued by ferroptosis inhibitors. We further found that nFe@Fe3O4, rather than nFe3O4 and nFe2O3, reduced the dissolved oxygen in the medium, which resulted in hypoxia and acceleration of heart tube formation and ventricular enlargement, and both were fully rescued by oxygen donors combined with ferroptosis inhibitors. Consistently, these findings were also observed in mammalian cardiomyocytes. In summary, our study demonstrates that the valence state of iron-based nanomaterials determines the ferroptosis potential. Our study also clarifies that high-valence iron-based nanomaterials induce an enlarged atrium via ferroptosis, while low-valence ones increase the ventricular size through both hypoxia and ferroptosis, which is helpful to understand the potential adverse effects of different valences of iron-based nanomaterials on environmental health and assure the responsible and sustainable development of nanotechnology.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Nanoestruturas , Animais , Ferro/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade , Hipóxia , Oxigênio , Mamíferos
3.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1869(1): 166586, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374802

RESUMO

Lenvatinib, a multitarget tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), increases the incidence of severe hypertension and thus the incidence of cardiovascular complications. Inhibition of ferroptosis, a newly recognized type of cell death, alleviates endothelial dysfunction. Here, we report that lenvatinib-induced hypertension is associated with ferroptosis of endothelial cells. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) showed that lenvatinib led to ferroptosis of endothelial cells and that administration of mouse with ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1), a specific ferroptosis inhibitor, dramatically ameliorated lenvatinib-induced hypertension and reversed lenvatinib-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR). Furthermore, lenvatinib significantly reduced glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) expressions in the mouse aorta and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and increased lipid peroxidation, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in HUVECs. Immunofluorescence and Western blotting showed that lenvatinib significantly reduced Yes-associated protein (YAP) nuclear translocation but not cytoplasmic YAP expression in HUVECs. The data, generated from both in vivo and in vitro, showed that lenvatinib reduced total YAP (t-YAP) expression and increased the phosphorylation of YAP at both Ser127 and Ser397, without affecting YAP mRNA levels in HUVECs. XMU-MP-1 mediated YAP activation or YAP overexpression effectively attenuated the lenvatinib-induced decrease in GPX4 expression and increases in LDH release and MDA levels. In addition, overexpression of YAP in HUVECs ameliorated lenvatinib-induced decrease in the mRNA and protein levels of spermidine/spermine N (1)-acetyltransferase-1 (SAT1), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1). Taken together, our data suggest that lenvatinib-induced inhibition of YAP led to ferroptosis of endothelial cells and subsequently resulted in vascular dysfunction and hypertension.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Hipertensão , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , RNA Mensageiro
4.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 111(1): 127-139, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066321

RESUMO

Ferroalloy has shown potential as implant materials, but little attention has been paid to their effects on synovial tissue ferroptosis. This study aimed to examine the mechanical properties, degradability and biocompatibility of Fe-30Mn-0.6N alloy and effects of it on synovial tissue ferroptosis. Tensile testing showed that Fe-30Mn-0.6N alloys exhibited tensile strength of 487 ± 18 MPa, yield strength of 221 ± 10 MPa, elongation of 16.9 ± 0.3% and Young's modulus of 37.7 ± 1.3 GPa. In vivo experiments, the cross-sectional area of the Fe-30Mn-0.6N alloys decreased by 73.32 ± 12.73% after 8 weeks of implantation. The results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and surface elemental analysis (EDS) showed that the Fe-30Mn-0.6N alloys had more Ca, O, C and P element deposition (p < .05). After 2, 4 and 8 weeks of implantation, no inflammatory response was observed in peri-implant synovial tissue of Fe-30Mn-0.6N and Ti-6Al-4V alloys, and Fe-30Mn-0.6N alloys did not affect the expression of the ferroptosis inhibitory gene Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4). Compared with the control group, 30% Fe-30Mn-0.6N alloy extracts did not affect the cell viability (p > .05) in vitro, and intracellular Fe2+ and the reactive oxygen species (ROS) was significantly reduced (p < .05). WB and PCR results showed that the 30% extracts increased the protein activity and mRNA expression of GPX4, FTH1 and SLC7A11 in synoviocytes, but had no effect on PTGS2 and p53. It is concluded that Fe-30Mn-0.6N had degradability and biocompatibility in peri-implant synovial tissue, and did not induce significantly ferroptosis in synoviocytes.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Sinoviócitos , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Ligas/farmacologia , Titânio/farmacologia , Resistência à Tração , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia
5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115836, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252877

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xingnaojing(XNJ)injection is a traditional Chinese medicine injection with neuroprotective effect, which has been widely used in the treatment of stroke for many years. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to explore the potential mechanism of XNJ in cerebral ischemia mediated by ferroptosis using proteomics and in vivo and in vitro experiments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After the rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was successfully established, they were randomly divided into model, XNJ, and deferoxamine (DFO) group. Triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), and Nissl staining were used to observe the infarct area, pathological changes and the degree of neuronal apoptosis of rat brain. Proteins extracted from rat brain tissues were analyzed by quantitative proteomics using tandem mass tags (TMT). Western blotting and immunohistochemical assessment were used to measure the expression of ferroptosis-related proteins. In vitro, the SH-SY5Y cells were subjected to hypoxia (37°C/5% CO2/1% O2) for 24 h to observe the survival rate, and detect the reactive oxygen species (ROS) content and ferroptosis-related proteins. RESULTS: In TTC and H&E experiments, we found that XNJ drug treatment reduced the infarct volume and brain tissue damage in MCAO rats. Nissl staining also showed that compared with MCAO group rats, the Nissl bodies of brain tissue after XNJ drug intervention were clear with a 3.54-fold increased times, suggesting that XNJ improved cerebral infraction, and neurological deficits in MCAO rats. Proteomics identified 101 intersected differentially expressed proteins (DEPs). According to the bioinformatics analysis, these DEPs were closely related to ferroptosis. Further research indicated that MCAO-induced cerebral ischemia was alleviated by upregulating recombinant glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), ferroportin (FPN) expression, Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression, and downregulating cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), transferring receptor (TFR) and divalent metal transporter-1 (DMT1) expression after XNJ treatment. In addition, in vitro experiment indicated that XNJ improved the survival rate of hypoxia-damaged SH-SY5Y cells. XNJ increased the level of GPX4 and inhibited the protein expression of COX-2 and TFR after cell hypoxia. Moreover, different concentrations of XNJ (0.25%, 0.5%, 1%) reduced the ROS content of hypoxic cells, suggesting that XNJ could inhibit hypoxia-induced cell damage by regulating the expression of ferroptosis-related proteins and decreasing the production of ROS. CONCLUSIONS: XNJ could promote the recovery of neurological function in MCAO rats and hypoxia SH-SY5Y cells by regulating ferroptosis.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Isquemia Encefálica , Ferroptose , Neuroblastoma , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Ratos , Lesões Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Hipóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Neuroblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1869(1): 166566, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36216021

RESUMO

Acute rejection of the transplanted heart is mediated by oxidative programmed cell death through the synergistic effects of the innate and adaptive immune systems. However, the role of ferroptosis, a newly discovered form of oxidative cell death, has not been widely evaluated. Tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein-8 like 2 (TNFAIP8L2), also known as TIPE2, is required for maintaining immune homeostasis. To characterize the role of TIPE2 in mediating heart allografts, BALB/c hearts were transplanted into C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) and TIPE2-/- recipient mice. In TIPE2-/- recipient mice, allograft injury in BALB/c allograft hearts was significantly reduced through the inhibition of allograft ferroptosis. On day 3 and day 6 post-transplantation, the numbers of CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ cells among splenocytes and draining lymph node cells were significantly decreased, and the activation of CD4+ and CD8+ cells in grafts was decreased in TIPE2-/- recipient mice compared with WT mice. Moreover, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in TIPE2-/- recipient mice were characterized by deficient capacities for interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production through the TBK1 signaling axis and increased glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4). In cell experiments, treatment with IFN-γ enhanced ferroptosis-specific lipid peroxidation in myocardial cells and correlated inversely with GPX4 expression. Mechanistically, IFN-γ administration decreased the expression of GPX4 by inhibiting MEK/ERK phosphorylation. In summary, our findings demonstrated that TIPE2 deficiency inhibits T-cell production of IFN-γ to reduce ferroptosis in allografts by restraining lipid peroxidation.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Rejeição de Enxerto , Transplante de Coração , Interferon gama , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Animais , Camundongos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Rejeição de Enxerto/genética , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Peroxidação de Lipídeos
7.
Life Sci Alliance ; 6(1)2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319062

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is triggered by the breakdown of cellular iron-dependent redox homeostasis and the abnormal accumulation of lipid ROS. Cells have evolved defense mechanisms to prevent lipid ROS accumulation and ferroptosis. Using a library of more than 4,000 bioactive compounds, we show that tanshinone from Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen) has very potent inhibitory activity against ferroptosis. Mechanistically, we found that tanshinone functions as a coenzyme for NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), which detoxifies lipid peroxyl radicals and inhibits ferroptosis both in vitro and in vivo. Although NQO1 is recognized as an oxidative stress response gene, it does not appear to have a direct role in ferroptosis inhibition in the absence of tanshinone. Here, we demonstrate a gain of function of NQO1 induced by tanshinone, which is a novel mechanism for ferroptosis inhibition. Using mouse models of acute liver injury and ischemia/reperfusion heart injury, we observed that tanshinone displays protective effects in both the liver and the heart in a manner dependent on NQO1. Our results link the clinical use of tanshinone to its activity in ferroptosis inhibition.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Animais , Camundongos , Coenzimas/metabolismo , Mutação com Ganho de Função , Lipídeos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Salvia miltiorrhiza/metabolismo
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115852, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36272494

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Qing-Xin-Jie-Yu Granule (QXJYG) is an integrated traditional Chinese medicine formula used to treat atherosclerotic (AS) cardiovascular diseases. A randomized controlled trial found that QXJYG reduced cardiovascular events and experiments also verified that QXJYG attenuated AS by remodeling the intestinal flora. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine whether QXJYG would attenuate AS and plaque vulnerability by regulating ferroptosis in high-fat diet-induced atherosclerotic ApoE-/- mice and to investigate the effects of QXJYG on macrophage ferroptosis in RAS-selective lethal 3 (RSL3)-induced J744A.1 cells. METHODS: AS models in ApoE-/- mice and RSL3-induced ferroptosis in J744A.1 cells were established to measure the protective and anti-ferroptotic effects of QXJYG in vivo and in vitro. The glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4)/cystine glutamate reverse transporter (xCT) signal pathway was examined by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. RESULTS: QXJYG attenuated AS progression and plaque vulnerability. Characteristic morphological changes of ferroptosis in the QXJYG-treated animals were rare. Total iron was significantly lower in the QXJYG group than in the model group (P < 0.05); QXJYG suppressed the lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels (malondialdehyde), enhanced the antioxidant capacity (superoxide dismutase and glutathione), and reduced inflammatory factors (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-1ß, tumor necrosis factor-α) associated with ferroptosis. Expression of GPX4/xCT in aorta tissues was remarkably increased in the QXJYG group. QXJYG inhibited ferroptosis in J744A.1 macrophages disturbed using RSL3. The Fe2+, LPO, and reactive oxygen species levels were lower in the QXJYG group than in the RSL3 group (P < 0.05). The QXJYG group showed higher expression of the GPX4/xCT signal pathway. CONCLUSION: QXJYG inhibits ferroptosis in vulnerable AS plaques partially via the GPX4/xCT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Placa Aterosclerótica , Animais , Camundongos , Apolipoproteínas E , Placa Aterosclerótica/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais , Sistemas de Transporte de Aminoácidos Acídicos/metabolismo
9.
Cytokine ; 161: 156078, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401983

RESUMO

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a serious and common complication of sepsis. To study the ferroptosis in the pathogenesis of SAE and demonstrate the protection effect of ferroptosis resistance, cognitive function, neurological deficits, blood-brain barrier integrity and neuroinflammation were detected. SAE model was established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in mice and an in vitro model was created by introducing LPS to HT22 cells. Ferroptosis inducer Fe-citrate (Fe) and ferroptosis inhibitor ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) was post-treated in the models, respectively. SAE caused ferroptosis, as evidenced by an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS), iron content and malondialdehyde (MDA) and a decrease in glutathione (GSH) level, as well as changes in the expression of ferroptosis-related proteins as acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4), glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), and cystine-glutamate antiporter (SLC7A11), and harmed mitochondrial function. In contrast, inhibiting ferroptosis with Fer-1 attenuated ferroptosis. Meanwhile, Fer-1 attenuated neurologic severity score, learning and memory impairment, Fluoro-Jade C (FJC) staining, and decreased Evans Blue (EB) extravasation, microglia activation and TNF-α and IL-1ß production following SAE. The benefit of Fer-1 was diminished by ferroptosis inducer Fe. In addition, Fer-1 up-regulated the nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/ heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) signaling axis both in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, our study revealed that Fer-1 might inhibit feroptosis in neurons by triggering the Nrf2/OH-1 pathway, thereby providing a therapeutic solution for SAE.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Encefalopatia Associada a Sepse , Animais , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Cicloexilaminas/farmacologia
10.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 3873420, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35320979

RESUMO

The main pathological hallmark of diabetes is the loss of functional ß-cells. Among several types of ß-cell death in diabetes, the involvement of ferroptosis remains elusive. Therefore, we investigated the potential of diabetes-mimicking factors: high glucose (HG), proinflammatory cytokines, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), or diabetogenic agent streptozotocin (STZ) to induce ferroptosis of ß-cells in vitro. Furthermore, we tested the contribution of ferroptosis to injury of pancreatic islets in an STZ-induced in vivo diabetic model. All in vitro treatments increased loss of Rin-5F cells along with the accumulation of reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxides and iron, inactivation of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and decrease in glutathione peroxidase 4 expression and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Ferrostatin 1 (Fer-1), ferroptosis inhibitor, diminished the above-stated effects and rescued cells from death in case of HG, STZ, and H2O2 treatments, while failed to increase MMP and to attenuate cell death after the cytokines' treatment. Moreover, Fer-1 protected pancreatic islets from STZ-induced injury in diabetic in vivo model, since it decreased infiltration of macrophages and accumulation of lipid peroxides and increased the population of insulin-positive cells. Such results revealed differences between diabetogenic stimuli in determining the destiny of ß-cells, emerging HG, H2O2, and STZ, but not cytokines, as contributing factors to ferroptosis and shed new light on an antidiabetic strategy based on Nrf2 activation. Thus, targeting ferroptosis in diabetes might be a promising new approach for preservation of the ß-cell population. Our results obtained from in vivo study strongly justify this approach.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Ferroptose , Células Secretoras de Insulina , Morte Celular , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
11.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 9872243, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36340581

RESUMO

Purpose: Osteoporosis is a complication of type 2 diabetes, and it is characterized by reduced bone mass, augmented bone fragility, and increased risk of fracture, thus reducing patient quality of life, especially in the elderly. Ferroptosis has been implicated in the pathological process of type 2 diabetic osteoporosis (T2DOP), but the specific underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. This study clarified the role of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) in T2DOP and explored its specific regulatory mechanism, providing a new treatment target for T2DOP. Methods: We cultured hFob1.19 cells in high glucose (HG, 35 mM) and knocked down ATF3 using short hairpin RNA (shRNA). We then measured cell viability, assessed morphology, quantified the expression of ATF3 and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), detected the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxides, and determined the osteogenic function of osteoblasts. Cystine/glutamate antiporter (system Xc-) activity was evaluated by determining the expression of SLC7A11 and the levels of glutathione (GSH) and extracellular glutamate. We constructed a T2DOP rat model and observed the effect of ATF3 on ferroptosis and T2DOP by knocking down ATF3 using small interfering RNA (siRNA). Then, we evaluated the levels of iron metabolism, lipid peroxidation, and bone turnover in serum, detected the expression of ATF3, SLC7A11, and GPX4 in bone tissues, and assessed bone microstructure using microcomputed tomography. Results: ATF3 expression was increased in osteoblasts under HG condition and in T2DOP rats. Inhibiting the function of ATF3 increased GPX4 levels and reduced the accumulation of ROS and lipid peroxides. These changes inhibited the ferroptosis of osteoblasts and improved osteogenic function. In addition, HG induced ATF3 upregulation, resulting in decreased SLC7A11 expression and lower levels of intracellular GSH and extracellular glutamate. Conclusion: Osteoblast ferroptosis under HG conditions is induced by ATF3-mediated inhibition of system Xc- activity, and these events contribute to T2DOP pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Ferroptose , Osteoporose , Ratos , Animais , Fator 3 Ativador da Transcrição/genética , Fator 3 Ativador da Transcrição/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Peróxidos Lipídicos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Qualidade de Vida , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoporose/genética , Glutamatos
12.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 8966368, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329803

RESUMO

Globally, osteosarcoma (OS) is the most prevalent form of primary bone cancer in children and adolescents. Traditional neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens have reached a bottleneck; thus, OS survivors have unsatisfactory outcomes. Theaflavin-3,3'-digallate (TF3) exhibits potent anticancer properties against many human cancers. Nevertheless, the biological effects and the underlying molecular mechanism of TF3 in human OS remain unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of TF3 on human OS cell lines and mouse xenograft models. The results showed that TF3 reduced cell viability, suppressed cell proliferation, and caused G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in both MG63 and HOS cell lines in a concentration-dependent manner. TF3 also altered the homeostatic mechanisms for iron storage in the examined cell lines, resulting in an excess of labile iron. Unsurprisingly, TF3 caused oxidative stress through reduced glutathione (GSH) exhaustion, reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, and the Fenton reaction, which triggered ferroptosis and apoptosis in the cells. TF3 also induced MAPK signalling pathways, including the ERK, JNK, and p38 MAPK pathways. Furthermore, oxidative stress was shown to be the primary reason for TF3-induced proliferation inhibition, programmed cell death, and MAPK pathway activation in vitro. Moreover, TF3 exhibited markedly strong antitumour efficacy in vivo in mouse models. In summary, this study demonstrates that TF3 concomitantly plays dual roles in apoptotic and ferroptotic cell death by triggering the ROS and MAPK signalling pathways in both in vitro and in vivo models.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Ferroptose , Osteossarcoma , Camundongos , Animais , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Xenoenxertos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Apoptose , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Proliferação de Células , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Ferro/farmacologia
13.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 6138941, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330204

RESUMO

Methods and Results: The levels of MCF2L were detected by PCR and western blotting assay. The effect of MCF2L on ferroptosis was confirmed by MTT, colony formation assay, Brdu, in vivo animal experiment, and the content of Iron, GSH, ROS, and MDA. The underlying mechanisms were explored by PCR, western blotting, and affinity precipitation assay. Our findings demonstrated that MCF2L is remarkedly upregulated in HCC tissues, and sorafenib can induce the levels of MCF2L, suggesting that MCF2L might function in sorafenib resistance of HCC. Further analysis showed that downregulation of MCF2L enhances HCC cell death induced by sorafenib, and ferroptosis inhibitor can reverse this process. Subsequent experiments showed that downregulation of MCF2L elevates the content of Iron, ROS, and MDA, which are all indicators of ferroptosis. Finally, mechanism analysis showed that MCF2L regulates the PI3K/AKT pathway in a RhoA/Rac1 dependent manner. Conclusions: Our study showed that targeting MCF2L may be a hopeful method to overcome sorafenib-resistance through inducing ferroptosis in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Ferroptose , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
14.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 467, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329436

RESUMO

In 2020, nearly 20 million peoples got cancer and nearly 10 million peoples died of cancer, indicating the cancer remains a great threat to human health and life. New therapies are still in urgent demand. We here develop a novel cancer therapy named Ferroptosis ASsassinates Tumor (FAST) by combining iron oxide nanoparticles with cancer-selective knockdown of seven key ferroptosis-resistant genes (FPN, LCN2, FTH1, FSP1, GPX4, SLC7A11, NRF2). We found that FAST had notable anti-tumor activity in a variety of cancer cells but little effect on normal cells. Especially, FAST eradicated three different types of tumors (leukemia, colon cancer, and lung metastatic melanoma) from over 50% of cancer mice, making the mice survive up to 250 days without tumor relapse. FAST also significantly inhibited and prevented the growth of spontaneous breast cancer and improved survival in mice. FAST showed high pan anti-tumor efficacy, high cancer specificity, and in vivo safety. FAST defines a new form of advanced nanomaterials, advanced combinatorial nanomaterials, by combining two kinds of nanomaterials, a chemical nanomaterial (iron oxide nanoparticles) and a biochemical nanomaterial (adeno-associated virus), which successfully turns a general iron nanomaterial into an unprecedented assassin to cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ferroptose , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Feminino , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ferro
15.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(11): 925, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335094

RESUMO

The term ferroptosis was put forward in 2012 and has been researched exponentially over the past few years. Ferroptosis is an unconventional pattern of iron-dependent programmed cell death, which belongs to a type of necrosis and is distinguished from apoptosis and autophagy. Actuated by iron-dependent phospholipid peroxidation, ferroptosis is modulated by various cellular metabolic and signaling pathways, including amino acid, lipid, iron, and mitochondrial metabolism. Notably, ferroptosis is associated with numerous diseases and plays a double-edged sword role. Particularly, metastasis-prone or highly-mutated tumor cells are sensitive to ferroptosis. Hence, inducing or prohibiting ferroptosis in tumor cells has vastly promising potential in treating drug-resistant cancers. Immunotolerant cancer cells are not sensitive to the traditional cell death pathway such as apoptosis and necroptosis, while ferroptosis plays a crucial role in mediating tumor and immune cells to antagonize immune tolerance, which has broad prospects in the clinical setting. Herein, we summarized the mechanisms and delineated the regulatory network of ferroptosis, emphasized its dual role in mediating immune tolerance, proposed its significant clinical benefits in the tumor immune microenvironment, and ultimately presented some provocative doubts. This review aims to provide practical guidelines and research directions for the clinical practice of ferroptosis in treating immune-resistant tumors.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Neoplasias , Humanos , Necrose , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Tolerância Imunológica , Microambiente Tumoral
16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18826, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335193

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most severe and more common organ manifestations of the autoimmune disease, systemic lupus erythematosus. Ferroptosis, a novel type of programmed cell death, so far its role in LN remains uncertain. In the present study, we explored the role of ferroptosis in LN and its relationship with the immune response. The GSE112943 LN dataset was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Ferroptosis-Related Genes (FRGs) that drive, suppress or mark ferroptosis were retrieved from the public FerrDb database. The gene expression matrix of the GSE112943 dataset was analyzed with the "limma" package in R to obtain differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between LN and healthy samples. Subsequently, the crossover genes between DEGs and FRGs were identified as differentially expressed ferroptosis-related genes (DE-FRGs). Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis, visualization, and identification of hub lupus nephritis ferroptosis-related genes (LN-FRGs) were performed with STRING and Cytoscape, while their Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways were determined with the clusterProfiler package. Immune cell infiltration was calculated with CIBERSORT. The relationship between hub LN-FRGs and immune-infiltrated cells in LN was determined by Pearson correlation. A total of 96 DE-FRGs and 8 hub LN-FRGs (KRAS, PIK3CA, EGFR, MAPK14, SRC, MAPK3, VEGFA, and ATM) were identified. GO and KEGG functional classification indicated these genes enrichment in apoptotic process, programmed cell death, autophagy-animal, FoxO signaling pathway, relaxin signaling pathway, and VEGF signaling pathway. Infiltration matrix analysis of immune cells showed abundant Monocytes and M0/M1/M2 macrophages in LN kidney tissues. Correlation analysis revealed 8 hub LN-FRGs associated with immune-infiltrated cells in LN. In summary, overproduction of ROS and abnormal infiltration of immune cells would be implicated in the LN caused by ferroptosis. 8 hub lupus nephritis ferroptosis-related genes (LN-FRGs) which might be good biomarkers of ferroptosis in LN were identified in this study. These findings point to the immune response playing an important role in LN caused by ferroptosis via mutual regulation between hub LN-FRGs and immune-infiltrated cells.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Nefrite Lúpica , Humanos , Biologia Computacional , Nefrite Lúpica/genética , Ferroptose/genética , Ontologia Genética , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética
17.
Nutrients ; 14(21)2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364768

RESUMO

Endothelial cells (ECs) line the inner surface of blood vessels and play a substantial role in vascular biology. Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is strongly correlated with the initiation and progression of many vascular diseases. Regulated cell death, such as ferroptosis, is one of the multiple mechanisms that lead to ED. Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent programmed cell death associated with various vascular diseases, such as cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and pulmonary vascular diseases. This review summarized ferroptosis of ECs in vascular diseases and discussed potential therapeutic strategies for treating ferroptosis of ECs. In addition to lipid peroxidation inhibitors and iron chelators, a growing body of evidence showed that clinical drugs, natural products, and intervention of noncoding RNAs may also inhibit ferroptosis of ECs.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Doenças Vasculares , Humanos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Ferro/metabolismo , Doenças Vasculares/metabolismo
18.
Nutrients ; 14(21)2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364817

RESUMO

L-citrulline (L-cit) is a key intermediate in the urea cycle and is known to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammation characteristics. However, the role of L-cit in ameliorating oxidative damage and immune dysfunction against iron overload in the thymus remains unclear. This study explored the underlying mechanism of the antioxidant and anti-inflammation qualities of L-cit on iron overload induced in the thymus. We reported that L-cit administration could robustly alleviate thymus histological damage and reduce iron deposition, as evidenced by the elevation of the CD8+ T lymphocyte number and antioxidative capacity. Moreover, the NF-κB pathway, NCOA4-mediated ferritinophagy, and ferroptosis were attenuated. We further demonstrated that L-cit supplementation significantly elevated the mTEC1 cells' viability and reversed LDH activity, iron levels, and lipid peroxidation caused by FAC. Importantly, NCOA4 knockdown could reduce the intracellular cytoplasmic ROS, which probably relied on the Nfr2 activation. The results subsequently indicated that NCOA4-mediated ferritinophagy was required for ferroptosis by showing that NCOA4 knockdown reduced ferroptosis and lipid ROS, accompanied with mitochondrial membrane potential elevation. Intriguingly, L-cit treatment significantly inhibited the NF-κB pathway, which might depend on restraining ferritinophagy-mediated ferroptosis. Overall, this study indicated that L-cit might target ferritinophagy-mediated ferroptosis to exert antioxidant and anti-inflammation capacities, which could be a therapeutic strategy against iron overload-induced thymus oxidative damage and immune dysfunction.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Sobrecarga de Ferro , Humanos , Citrulina/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Sobrecarga de Ferro/tratamento farmacológico , Sobrecarga de Ferro/complicações , Estresse Oxidativo , Suplementos Nutricionais , Autofagia
19.
Nutrients ; 14(21)2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364859

RESUMO

CNS inflammation is known to be an important pathogenetic mechanism of perioperative neurocognitive disorder (PND), and iron overload was reported to participate in this process accompanied by oxidative stress. Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent form of cell death, and occurs in multiple neurodegenerative diseases with cognitive disorder. However, the effect of ferroptosis in inflammation-related PND is unknown. In this study, we found that the ferroptosis inhibitor liproxstatin-1 ameliorated memory deficits in the mouse model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cognitive impairment. Moreover, liproxstatin-1 decreased the activation of microglia and the release of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-α, attenuated oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation, and further weakened mitochondrial injury and neuronal damage after LPS exposure. Additionally, the protective effect of liproxstatin-1 was related to the alleviation of iron deposition and the regulation of the ferroptosis-related protein family TF, xCT, Fth, Gpx4, and FtMt. These findings enhance our understanding of inflammation-involved cognitive dysfunction and shed light on future preclinical studies.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Ferroptose , Camundongos , Animais , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Disfunção Cognitiva/induzido quimicamente , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19396, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371529

RESUMO

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) demonstrates significantly reduced patient survival with metastatic progression. Tumor progression can be influenced by metabolism, including antioxidant glutathione (GSH). Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) is a selenoenzyme that uses GSH as a co-factor to regulate lipid peroxidation of cell membranes during increased oxidative stress. GPX4 suppression in tumor cells can induce ferroptosis. This study aims to examine ferroptosis as a potentially critical pathway in effective targeting of thyroid cancer (TC) cells. We treated human TC cells (K1, MDA-T68, MDA-T32, TPC1) with (1S,3R)-RSL3 (RSL3), a small-molecule inhibitor of GPX4 and examined the effects on ferroptosis, tumor cell survival and migration, spheroid formation, oxidative stress, DNA damage repair response, and mTOR signaling pathway in vitro. GPX4 inhibition activated ferroptosis, inducing TC cell death, rapid rise in reactive oxygen species and effectively arrested cell migration in vitro. Suppression of mTOR signaling pathway triggered autophagy. GPX4 genetic knockdown mirrored RSL3 effect on mTOR pathway suppression. RSL3 subdued DNA damage repair response by suppressing phosphorylation of nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1). Thus, observed potent induction of ferroptosis, GPX4-dependent novel suppression of mTOR pathway and DNA damage repair response in preclinical in vitro model of TC supports GPX4 targeting for therapeutic benefit in advanced therapy-resistant thyroid cancers.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Fosfolipídeo Hidroperóxido Glutationa Peroxidase , Morte Celular , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
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