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1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 3905353, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33521127

RESUMO

Background: The objective of this study was to explore the role of preoperative fibrinogen-to-prealbumin ratio (FPR) in evaluating the prognosis of patients with stage I-III colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 584 stage I-III CRC patients undergoing surgical resection. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the correlation between FPR and postoperative complications. The Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox proportional hazards model were used to identify the prognostic factors. The nomograms were constructed based on the prognostic factors. The concordance index and calibration curve were used to determine the accuracy of the nomograms. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic was used to compare the predictive prognostic efficacy of nomograms and TNM stage. Results: FPR was determined to be an independent factor affecting postoperative complications. Patients with a low-FPR had a significantly better prognosis than those with a high-FPR (disease-free survival, p = 0.028; overall survival, p = 0.027), especially patients with stage I CRC (disease-free survival, p = 0.015; overall survival, p = 0.017). The Cox proportional hazards model identified FPR as an independent poor prognostic factor of disease-free survival (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.459, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.074-1.954, p = 0.011) and overall survival (HR = 1.405, 95% CI = 1.034-1.909, p = 0.030). The prognostic nomograms had good accuracy and were superior to the traditional TNM stage. Conclusions: FPR is a potential indicator for predicting short- and long-term prognosis of stage I-III CRC patients undergoing surgical resection.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Fibrinogênio/análise , Pré-Albumina/análise , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e23926, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545964

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection may induce a systemic hypercoagulable abnormality, like organ embolism and infarction. Indexes of blood coagulation and C-reactive protein (CRP) have been reported different between healthy people and mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) patients, but this difference in MPP patients with different chest imaging findings has rarely been reported.We performed a retrospective study of 101 children with MPP and 119 controls, combined with radiological examination and blood tests, to compare the blood coagulation and CRP level among MPP children with different chest imaging findings.For the MPP children with different chest imaging findings, there were significant differences in CRP, fibrinogen (FIB) and D-dimer (D-D) levels among subgroups (P = .004, P = .008 and P < .001 respectively). The CRP level in group of interstitial pneumonia was significantly higher than that in groups of bronchopneumonia and hilar shadow thickening (P = .003 and P = .001 respectively). And the FIB and D-D values in group of lung consolidation were significantly higher than that in the other 3 groups (all P < .05). When compared with controls, the white blood cell, CRP, FIB, and D-D levels in MPP children were significantly higher, and the activated partial thromboplastin time and thrombin time levels were significantly lower (all P < .05).Our results showed that CRP level changed most significantly in group of interstitial pneumonia, whereas FIB, D-D levels changed most significantly in the lung consolidation group.


Assuntos
Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico por imagem , Tórax/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/patogenicidade , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/sangue
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23150, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181687

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKIs) have become the preferred therapy as first-line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring sensitizing EGFR mutations. However, the prognostic indicators are limited. The present study aimed to assess the prognostic value of immune-inflammation factors, fibrinogen-albumin ratio index (FARI), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in EGFR-Mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients receiving first-generation EGFR-TKIs treatment.194 patients were included in this retrospective analysis. FARI was calculated as fibrinogen / albumin. Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the optimal cut-off value for FARI, NLR, and PLR to progression free survival (PFS). Univariate and multivariate survival analysis were performed to identify factors correlated with PFS and overall survival (OS).Applying cut-offs of ≥0.08 (FARI), ≥3.28 (NLR), and ≥273.85 (PLR), higher FARI or NLR was associated with worse Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) (P = .018, .002, respectively), and there were more males in high NLR group (P = .043). In univariate analysis, ECOG PS status, NLR, PLR, and FARI were significantly associated with PFS (P = .017, .004, <.001, .001, respectively) as well as OS (P < .001, = .001, .002, .023, respectively). In multivariate analysis, PLR (hazard ratios [HR] 1.692; 95% CI 1.054-2.715; P = .029) and FARI (HR 1.496; 95% CI 1.031-2.172; P = .034) were independent prognostic factors for PFS. While only ECOG PS status (HR 2.052; 95% CI 1.272-3.310; P = .003) was independently correlated with OS.FARI is independently associated with PFS in EGFR-Mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients receiving first-line EGFR-TKIs treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Receptores ErbB/genética , Fibrinogênio/análise , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/sangue , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/métodos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 747, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sudden exacerbations and respiratory failure are major causes of death in patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) pneumonia, but indicators for the prediction and treatment of severe patients are still lacking. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 67 collected cases was conducted and included approximately 67 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia who were admitted to the Suzhou Fifth People's Hospital from January 1, 2020 to February 8, 2020. The epidemiological, clinical and imaging characteristics as well as laboratory data of the 67 patients were analyzed. RESULTS: The study found that fibrinogen (FIB) was increased in 45 (65.2%) patients, and when FIB reached a critical value of 4.805 g/L, the sensitivity and specificity、DA, helping to distinguish general and severe cases, were 100 and 14%、92.9%, respectively, which were significantly better than those for lymphocyte count and myoglobin. Chest CT images indicated that the cumulative number of lung lobes with lesions in severe patients was significantly higher than that in general patients (P < 0.05), and the cumulative number of lung lobes with lesions was negatively correlated with lymphocyte count and positively correlated with myoglobin and FIB. Our study also found that there was no obvious effect of hormone therapy in patients with severe COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the retrospective analysis, FIB was found to be increased in severe patients and was better than lymphocyte count and myoglobin in distinguishing general and severe patients. The study also suggested that hormone treatment has no significant effect on COVID-19.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Fibrinogênio/análise , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Virus Res ; 289: 198147, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical significance, viral shedding duration and viral load dynamics of positive fecal SARS-CoV-2 signals in COVID-19. METHODS: COVID-19 patients were included. SARS-CoV-2 RNA was tested in stool and respiratory specimens until two sequential negative results were obtained. Clinical, laboratory and imaging data were recorded. RESULTS: Of the 69 COVID-19 patients, 20 (28.99 %) had positive fecal viral tests who were younger, had lower C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen (FIB) levels on admission (all P < 0.05), and showed more improvement and less progression on chest CT during recovery. The median duration of positive viral signals was significantly longer in stool samples than in respiratory samples (P < 0.05). In spite of the negative oropharyngeal swabs, eleven patients were tested positive for viral RNA in stool specimens, with their fecal SARS-CoV-2 RNA Ct (cycle threshold) values reaching 25-27. 6 of these 11 patients' Ct values rebounded. CONCLUSION: SARS-CoV-2 RNA in stool specimens was associated with a milder condition and better recovery of chest CT results while the median duration of SARS-CoV-2 RNA persistence was significantly longer in fecal samples than in oropharyngeal swabs. The fecal viral load easily reached a high level and rebounded even though respiratory signals became negative.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Fezes/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Viral/análise , Eliminação de Partículas Virais , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Diarreia/etiologia , Diarreia/virologia , Reações Falso-Negativas , Feminino , Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Orofaringe/virologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Prognóstico , Estabilidade de RNA , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Avaliação de Sintomas , Carga Viral
7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(17): 9161-9168, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) predisposes patients to thrombosis which underlying mechanisms are still incompletely understood. We sought to investigate the balance between procoagulant factors and natural coagulation inhibitors in the critically ill COVID-19 patient and to evaluate the usefulness of hemostasis parameters to identify patients at risk of venous thromboembolic event (VTE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational study recording VTEs defined as deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism using lower limb ultrasound (92% of the patients), computed tomography pulmonary angiography (6%) and both tests (2%). We developed a comprehensive analysis of hemostasis. RESULTS: Ninety-two consecutive mechanically ventilated COVID-19 patients (age, 62 years [53-69] (median [25th-75th percentiles]); M/F sex ratio, 2.5; body-mass index, 28 kg/m2 [25-32]; past hypertension (52%) and diabetes mellitus (30%)) admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) from 03/11/2020 to 5/05/2020, were included. When tested, patients were receiving prophylactic (74%) or therapeutic (26%) anticoagulation. Forty patients (43%) were diagnosed with VTE. Patients displayed inflammatory and prothrombotic profile including markedly elevated plasma fibrinogen (7.7 g/L [6.1-8.6]), D-dimer (3,360 ng/mL [1668-7575]), factor V (166 IU/dL [136-195]) and factor VIII activities (294 IU/dL [223-362]). We evidenced significant discrepant protein C anticoagulant and chromogenic activities, combined with slightly decreased protein S activity. Plasma D-dimer >3,300 ng/mL predicted VTE presence with 78% (95%-confidence interval (95% CI), 62-89) sensitivity, 69% (95% CI, 55-81) specificity, 66% (95% CI, 51-79) positive predictive value and 80% (95% CI, 65-90) negative predictive value [area under the ROC curve, 0.779 (95%CI, 0.681-0.859), p=0.0001]. CONCLUSIONS: Mechanically ventilated COVID-19 patients present with an imbalance between markedly increased factor V/VIII activity and overwhelmed protein C/S pathway. Plasma D-dimer may be a useful biomarker at the bedside for suspicion of VTE.


Assuntos
Inibidores dos Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/metabolismo , Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Índice de Massa Corporal , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estado Terminal , Fator V/análise , Fator VIII/análise , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Proteína C/análise , Proteína S/análise , Curva ROC , Tromboembolia Venosa/complicações , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico
8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 896-903, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927515

RESUMO

Objective: At present, the modified NIH classification commonly used in clinical practice is still insufficient for assessing the risk of postoperative recurrence in some patients with intermediate-high risk gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). Through exploring risk factors for recurrence of intermediate-high risk GIST, this study establishes a predictive model for recurrence with more convenience and more precision in order to guide adjuvant therapy for intermediate-high risk GIST patients. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was carried out. Clinical and pathological data of 432 GIST patients who did not receive preoperative targeted treatment, underwent complete resection in the Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2005 to June 2018, and were diagnosed as intermediate- or high-risk based on modified NIH classification by postopertive pathology, were retrospectively analyzed. Cox regression model was used to idenitify independent risk factors of recurrence, and a recurrence risk scoring model was established. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve), consistency index (C-index) and calibration curve were used to evaluate the accuracy of the scoring model in predicting the recurrence of moderate-risk and high-risk GIST patients. Results: Among 432 GIST patients, 332 were diagnosed as high-risk and 100 as moderate-risk; 237 were males and 195 females with average age of (57.4±12.4) years. Of 432 patients, 211 cases (48.8%) had fibrinogen (FIB) >3.5 g/L; 85 cases (19.7%) had platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR)>272.5; 122 cases (28.2%) had neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) > 4.2; 102 cases (23.6%) had systemic inflammatory reaction index (SIRI)> 2.7; 198 cases (45.8%) had tumor long diameter >8 cm and 108 cases (25.0%) had mitotic counts > 8/50 HPF. Cox multivariable analysis showed that FIB (HR=1.789, 95% CI: 1.058-3.027, P=0.030), PLR (HR=1.862, 95% CI: 1.067-3.249, P=0.029), SIRI (HR=1.790, 95% CI: 1.039-3.084, P=0.036), tumor long diameter (HR=1.970, 95% CI: 1.105-2.925, P=0.017) and mitotic counts (HR=2.187, 95% CI:1.211-3.950, P=0.009) were independent risk factors for recurrence in patients with middle-risk and high-risk GIST. These 5 factors were included in the risk scoring model, which was given a weight score of 58 points, 62 points, 58 points, 63 points, and 78 points, respectively. Patients with a total score of ≤ 78 points were classified as moderate-risk recurrence (group I), those of 78 to 136 points as high-risk recurrence (group II) and those of >136 points as very high-risk recurrence (group III). ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the scoring model was 0.730 and the C-index was 0.724 (95% CI:0.687-0.787). The calibration curves and the Kaplan-Meier curves of patients in the three groups revealed that this model had a good predictive accuracy. Conclusions: For intermediate-risk and high-risk GIST patients, the preoperative FIB >3.5 g/L, PLR > 272.5 and SIRI > 2.7 are independent risk factors of recurrence after surgery. The recurrence risk scoring model established by combining tumor long diameter, mitotic counts, FIB, PLR and SIRI can effectively predict the risk of postoperative recurrence and metastasis in moderate-risk and high-risk GIST patients.


Assuntos
Fibrinogênio/análise , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/sangue , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/terapia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/terapia , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
12.
Nat Rev Rheumatol ; 16(10): 581-589, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32733003

RESUMO

Reports of widespread thromboses and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in patients with coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) have been rapidly increasing in number. Key features of this disorder include a lack of bleeding risk, only mildly low platelet counts, elevated plasma fibrinogen levels, and detection of both severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and complement components in regions of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). This disorder is not typical DIC. Rather, it might be more similar to complement-mediated TMA syndromes, which are well known to rheumatologists who care for patients with severe systemic lupus erythematosus or catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome. This perspective has critical implications for treatment. Anticoagulation and antiviral agents are standard treatments for DIC but are gravely insufficient for any of the TMA disorders that involve disorders of complement. Mediators of TMA syndromes overlap with those released in cytokine storm, suggesting close connections between ineffective immune responses to SARS-CoV-2, severe pneumonia and life-threatening microangiopathy.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Trombose/imunologia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/tratamento farmacológico , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/imunologia , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/patologia , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/virologia , Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Troca Plasmática/métodos , Contagem de Plaquetas/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/patologia , Trombose/virologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/tratamento farmacológico , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/imunologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/patologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/virologia
13.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(6): 842-848, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696883

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a newly described virus responsible for the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), named by the World Health Organization (WHO) in February/2020. Patients with Covid-19 have an incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) of 15.9-29% and sepsis is observed in all deceased patients. Moreover, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is one of the major underlying causes of death among these patients. In patients with DIC, there is a decrease in fibrinogen and an increase in D-dimer levels. Some studies have shown that fibrinogen and one of its end products, D-dimer, might have a predictive value for mortality in patients with non-Covid sepsis secondary to complications of DIC. Therefore, anticoagulation, considering its mortality benefits in cases of non-Covid sepsis, may also have an important role in the treatment of Covid-19. METHODS We reviewed the literature of all studies published by April 2020 on patients infected with Covid-19. Our review was limited to D-dimer and fibrinogen changes and anticoagulation recommendations. RESULTS Anticoagulation therapy can be started following the DIC diagnosis in Covid-19 patients despite the bleeding risks. In addition, the current evidence suggests a routine use of anticoagulation, particularly in patients with higher D-dimer levels (> 3.0 µg/mL). CONCLUSION Covid-19 is a systemic, hypercoagulable disease requiring more studies concerning treatment. Aanticoagulation is still an issue to be studied, but D-dimer rise and disease severity are the indicative factors to start treatment as soon as possible.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea , Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Fibrinogênio , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Biomarcadores/análise , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/terapia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(26): e20681, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590741

RESUMO

Plasma albumin to fibrinogen ratio is involved in human cancer, but its prognostic significance in breast cancer is controversy. In the context of breast invasive ductal carcinoma, this research aims to retrospectively evaluate by preoperative plasma albumin to fibrinogen ratio (AFR) and forecast oncological outcome and recurrence.This retrospective study comprised 230 patients with non-metastatic breast invasive ductal carcinoma who underwent surgery between January 2009 and April 2012 in Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University. Patients were categorized base on an optimal value of preoperative plasma fibrinogen (Fib) and albumin. Progression-free and cancer-specific survival were assessed using Kaplan-Meier method. The associations between albumin to fibrinogen ratio and clinical outcomes were assessed with univariate and multivariate analysis. A number of risk factors were used to form nomograms to evaluate survival, and Harrell concordance index (C-index) was used to evaluate the predictive accuracy.Plasma AFR was significantly associated with diminished disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis revealed that plasma AFR was an independent prognostic indicator for DFS (HR = 1.346; 95% CI: 1.107-1.636; P = .03) and overall survival (OS) (HR = 1.485; 95% CI: 1.106-1.993; P = .008). Two prediction model of 3-, 5-years OS and DFS based on the AFR was developed.Elevated preoperative plasma AFR is an independent prognostic factor for oncological outcomes in patients with breast invasive ductal carcinoma. The formulated nomogram showed superior predictive accuracy for DFS and OS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/mortalidade , Fibrinogênio/análise , Nomogramas , Albumina Sérica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/sangue , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
J Thromb Haemost ; 18(8): 1849-1852, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588535

RESUMO

Hypercoagulability has been recognized as a common complication of COVID-19. Exact mechanisms for this extreme coagulation activation have not yet been elucidated. However, one of the consistent laboratory finding is the increase in fibrinogen, in some cases, marked elevation. High circulating levels of fibrinogen have been linked to thrombosis for years and for this reason, hyperfibrinogenemia is considered one of the mechanisms for COVID-19 coagulopathy. In this forum article, instead of the prothrombotic role, a protective function for fibrinogen is discussed. Fibrinogen, like the other well-known acute phase reactants, is increased in COVID-19 possibly to protect the host.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Fibrinogênio/fisiologia , Inflamação/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Trombofilia/sangue , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Doença Aguda , Proteínas da Fase Aguda/fisiologia , Biomarcadores , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/fisiologia , Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Risco , Trombofilia/etiologia , Fator de von Willebrand/análise , Fator de von Willebrand/fisiologia
18.
Infez Med ; 28(suppl 1): 89-95, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32532944

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Since December 2019, an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome - Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in China and has become a global threat. Comparison of hematological parameters between mild and severe cases of SARS-CoV 2 is so far limited, but significant differences in parameters such as interleukin-6, d-dimers, glucose, fibrinogen and C-reactive protein have been already reported. PURPOSE: In this study we analyzed the changes observed in easily measured blood biomarkers in the patients and provided evidence of how these markers can be used as prognostic factors of the disease. METHODS: Demographic characteristics, detailed medical history, and laboratory findings of all enrolled SARS-CoV 2 infection positive patients who were referred to Patras University Hospital from the period of March 4th 2020 (when first confirmed case in Greece appeared in our hospital) until April 4th 2020 were extracted from electronic medical records and analyzed. RESULTS: We provided evidence that some very common laboratory values can be used as independent predictive factors in SARS-CoV 2 infection. Despite the retrospective nature of this study and the small number of subjects analyzed, we showed that NLR, LDH, d-dimers, CRP, fibrinogen and ferritin can be used early at the patient's first visit for SARS-CoV 2 infection symptoms and can predict the severity of infection. CONCLUSION: More studies are warranted to further objectively confirm the clinical value of prognostic factors related to SARS-CoV 2 and establish an easy-to-get panel of laboratory findings for evaluating the disease severity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Fibrinogênio/análise , Grécia/epidemiologia , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Talassemia beta/epidemiologia
19.
Clin Exp Hypertens ; 42(8): 692-699, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The exaggerated morning blood pressure surge (MS) is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Inflammation is associated with the pathogenesis of hypertension. We aimed to investigate the association between fibrinogen, albumin, fibrinogen to albumin ratio (FAR), and exaggerated MS, and which of those variables is a better predictor for identifying an exaggerated MS in newly diagnosed treatment-naive hypertensive patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 249 treatment-naive patients who were newly diagnosed with hypertension in both clinical and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring measurements. Morning BP was defined as the mean of BPs measured during the first 2 hours after wake-up. The lowest BP was defined as the mean of 3 BP measurements focused on the lowest nighttime computations. The MS was calculated as the morning systolic BP minus the lowest systolic BP. Fibrinogen and albumin levels were measured from venous blood. FAR was obtained by dividing the fibrinogen to the albumin. RESULTS: Patients with higher-value MS had a higher fibrinogen, FAR, and a lower albumin than those with low-value MS. MS was positively correlated with fibrinogen and FAR, and negatively correlated with albumin (for all, p < .001). Fibrinogen, albumin, and FAR were independent predictors of exaggerated MS. FAR was a more powerful predictor than fibrinogen (p < .001) and albumin (p = .02) in determining exaggerated MS. CONCLUSION: Patients with exaggerated MS had a higher fibrinogen and FAR, and a lower albumin level than those without exaggerated MS. FAR may be a better predictor than fibrinogen and albumin for determining exaggerated MS.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Fibrinogênio/análise , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Albumina Sérica/análise , Idoso , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
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