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1.
Rev Infirm ; 70(274): 49-50, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565540

RESUMO

Catherine is an advanced nurse practitioner working alongside her medical colleagues in a large general practice in the North of England. She receives and treats patients with undifferentiated complaints. She welcomes her patient Louise and her husband Tom.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia , Medicina Geral , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos
2.
Front Public Health ; 9: 693159, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568254

RESUMO

Background: In the face of the contemporary COVID-19 pandemic, health service providers have emerged as the most at-risk individuals who are likely to contract the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Aim: To measure the prevalence of fibromyalgia (FM) during COVID outbreak among health workers in Saudi Arabia using FiRST and LFESSQ tool. Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional methodology to explore the prevalence of Fibromyalgia among health workers at different health care settings in Saudi Arabia. The assessment of the prevalence of fibromyalgia among health worker was determined by using the Fibromyalgia Rapid Screening Tool (FiRST) and London Fibromyalgia Epidemiological Study Screening Questionnaire (LFESSQ) questionnaires. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data. Results: The sample size included 992 participants. The prevalence of fibromyalgia using FiRST and LFESSQ was 12.6 and 19.8%, respectively. In this study, the prevalence of fibromyalgia was higher in females when compared to males. Most of the respondents have Vitamin D deficiency. The relationship of fibromyalgia was significantly associated with the participants who worked during an outbreak, who covered COVID-19 inpatient, covered in-hospital on call and in area quarantine. Conclusion: The study's findings demonstrate that the prevalence of Fibromyalgia among health service providers during the current COVID-19 pandemic is considerably higher and that there are potential interventions that may be employed to mitigate the prevalence of the infection during the COVID-19 crisis.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Fibromialgia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
3.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 60(9): 4121-4129, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with FM development and recovery in patients with axial SpA (axSpA). METHODS: The British Society of Rheumatology Biologics Register for Ankylosing Spondylitis (BSRBR-AS) recruited patients with axSpA from 83 centres in a prospective study. FM was diagnosed using the self-reported Fibromyalgia Survey Diagnostic Criteria from 2015. Measures of axSpA disease activity and clinical findings were recorded at regular intervals. We identified predictors for FM development and recovery between yearly visits using uni- and multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS: A total of 801 participants, 247 (30.8%) female, had two or more visits and were eligible for inclusion. A total of 686 participants did not have FM at baseline, of whom 45 had developed FM at follow-up, while 115 participants had FM at baseline, of whom 77 had recovered at follow-up. A high baseline BASDAI score [odds ratio (OR) 1.27 (95% CI 1.08, 1.49)] and Widespread Pain Index (WPI) [OR 1.14 (95% CI 1.02, 1.28)] were significantly associated with FM development in the final multivariable model. A low baseline BASFI score [OR 0.68 (95% CI 0.53, 0.86)] and WPI [OR 0.84 (95% CI 0.720, 0.97)] and starting a TNF inhibitor [OR 3.86 (95% CI 1.54, 9.71)] were significantly associated with FM recovery. CONCLUSION: High levels of disease activity and the presence of widespread pain is associated with the development of FM in patients with axSpA, while low levels of the same variables and starting a TNF inhibitor are associated with recovery from FM. The presence of comorbid FM should be considered in patients with persistent high axSpA disease activity and widespread pain.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia/complicações , Espondilartrite/complicações , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Autorrelato , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico
4.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(9): 576-579, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is characterized by diffuse musculoskeletal pain at the time of diagnosis, but many patients report their initial symptoms as being focal or local. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate, prospectively, the initial location of body pain in recently diagnosed patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Non-selected patients from the rheumatology clinic who were recently diagnosed with fibromyalgia (≤ 2 years) with symptoms of ≤ 4 years participated in our study. Demographic and clinical parameters were documented, as was the initial location of pain they had experienced. Sub-analysis of data according to gender and ethnicity was conducted using chi-squire test. RESULTS: The study comprised 155 patients. Mean age was 39.8 ± 11.7 years; 85% were female. Mean duration of symptoms was 2.11 years and of diagnosis was 0.78 years. Six patients (3.9%) reported initial symptoms of pain as being diffuse from the start, 10 (6.5%) could not remember the location of their initial symptoms, and 139 (90%) reported initial focal pain. Hands were reported as the initial area of pain for 25.2% of the patients, 19.4% reported the back, and 11% reported both trapezial areas as the initial area of pain. In 90% of the patients (excluding patients with back, abdominal, or chest pain) the initial symptoms were bilateral and symmetrical. No significant difference in initial presentation was found among different gender or ethnic groups. CONCLUSIONS: Pain in fibromyalgia patients usually presents as focal and symmetrical. Bilateral hand pain, followed by back pain, was the most common reported area of initial pain among fibromyalgia patients.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Dor Musculoesquelética/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Dor nas Costas/diagnóstico , Dor nas Costas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Fibromialgia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Musculoesquelética/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 103(8): e249-e251, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464574

RESUMO

This case report discusses an unusual presentation of a voluntarily produced neck mass, caused by the rare case of lung herniation. Lung herniation is associated with increased intrathoracic pressure that can be caused by chronic chough, straining and continuous positive airway pressure ventilation. An association with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome 1 also exists. We present a case of lung herniation that was multifactorial in nature and was identified at a head and neck clinic. The female patient presented with a voluntarily expandable anterior neck mass on Valsalva manoeuvre. Computed tomography imaging with and without Valsalva manoeuvre demonstrated bilateral anterior lung herniation and findings of spinal spondylosis.


Assuntos
Hérnia/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fibromialgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimialgia Reumática , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
6.
Nat Rev Rheumatol ; 17(9): 507, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354268
7.
Ann Saudi Med ; 41(4): 246-252, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) is a systemic disease of unknown etiology, which can cause widespread musculoskeletal pain. In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), FM can cause an additional symptom burden, which can affect some variables on the RA disease activity score 28 (DAS28), a tool that evaluates 28 joints in RA patients. OBJECTIVE: Compare the results of four different versions of the DAS28 and the parameters used to determine disease activity scores in RA patients with and without FM, and determine whether there are treatment differences between RA patients with and without FM. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional. SETTING: Tertiary hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified patients diagnosed with RA between 1 September 2016 and 1 February 2020 and identified patients with and without FM. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Differences between variables in the DAS28 calculations (tender joint count [TJC], patient global assessment [PGA], and others), between patients with and without FM, and differences between patients with and without FM who were using or not using biological agents. SAMPLE SIZE: 381, including 322 females (84.5%). RESULTS: The frequency of FM in RA patients was 25.7% (89 females, 24.6%). In RA patients with FM, the TJC and PGA median values were significantly higher than in patients without FM (P<.05). The use of corticosteroids and biological therapy in patients with FM was more frequent than in patients without FM (P<.05). Compared to patients without FM, patients with FM switched treatment more often because of non-response to treatment (P=.01) Median values of the DAS28 scores (calculated by four different versions of the instrument) in RA patients with FM were higher than in patients without FM (P<.05). CONCLUSION: The presence of FM in RA patients may affect the subjective variables in different versions of DAS28 scores, causing the disease activity to score higher on the instrument, erroneously indicating worse disease than is actually present. LIMITATIONS: A single center, retrospective study. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST: None.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Fibromialgia , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Fibromialgia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(31): e26511, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397794

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Pain sensitization leading to polyalgia can be observed during infectious diseases. The blood pressure cuff-evoked pain threshold (BPCEPT) has been used in previous studies as a screening tool for fibromyalgia.We aimed to use the BPCEPT as a screening test for detecting pain sensitization in patients suffering from infectious diseases. We also investigated whether specific factors were associated with pain sensitization.We performed a prospective comparative study including all patients of our infectious diseases center in a 1-year period. We created a positive control group of patients suffering from fibromyalgia and a negative control group of "apparently healthy" patients consulting for vaccination.The blood pressure (BP) cuff was inflated until the patient signaled that they experienced pain, and this pressure value was noted.A total of 2355 patients were included. The positive control group had significantly lower values of the BPCEPT than all other groups. Among hospitalized patients with infectious diseases, a low BPCEPT was significantly associated with high temperature (P < .0001), older age (P = .002), being a woman (P = .004), high serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (P = .007), and high C reactive protein levels (P = .02). Moreover, in multivariate analysis, respiratory infection, meningitis, urinary tract infection, febrile neutropenia, and Q fever were independently associated with a low BPCEPT. A significant negative dynamic correlation between the BPCEPT and temperature was also observed (P < .001).We demonstrated for the first time in a large sample of patients that the BPCEPT method can be used to detect pain susceptibility. We observed a significant dynamic correlation between pain sensitization and temperature. Additionally, pain sensitization was associated with some diseases, suggesting that they trigger pain sensitivity.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Temperatura Corporal , Infecções/complicações , Dor/etiologia , Fatores Etários , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/efeitos adversos , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/diagnóstico , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/microbiologia , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Fibromialgia/complicações , Humanos , Infecções/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/fisiopatologia , Limiar da Dor , Pressão/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
10.
Georgian Med News ; (315): 108-113, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365435

RESUMO

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease with undefined aetiology which commonly results in muscle sensitivity, pain, and sensitivity at certain anatomical points. The pathogenesis and aetiology of fibromyalgia are not yet fully understood. The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and lymphocyte/ monocyte ratio (LMR) as simple systemic inflammatory response biomarker sin patients with fibromyalgia. A total of 489 patients with fibromyalgia (group1) and 227 healthy controls (group2) were included in the study. Demographic data, Body Mass Index (BMI) neutrophil, lymphocyte and platelet counts, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were recorded. Baseline NLR, PLR, and LMR were calculated by dividing the absolute neutrophil, platelet and lymphocyte counts by the respective divisor absolute values. The NLR, PLR, and LMR levels of the two groups were then compared. There were no significant differences in gender and age between the two groups (p>0,05). BMI levels (29.6 vs 24.8 kg/m2), mean NLR (3.63 vs. 2.11) and PLR (222.55 vs. 114.28) values were found to be statistically higher (p <0.001), and mean LMR (2.73 vs. 3.85) values were found to be statistically lower, in the patient group (p <0.001). The present study showed that NLR, PLR, AND LMR levels can be used in the diagnosis of fibromyalgia and systemic inflammation may play a role in fibromyalgia.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Contagem de Plaquetas , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
AMA J Ethics ; 23(7): E519-523, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351260

RESUMO

Some illnesses and diseases are not apparent to onlookers. Conditions like chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, postconcussive syndrome, endometriosis, and many psychiatric illnesses, for example, have symptoms that are not easily or at all measurable. Both clinicians and health care systems, however, tend to focus exclusively on measurability, which can result in evidentiary overreliance and undervaluation of experience narratives and can have clinically, ethically, and socially important consequences for patients with these conditions.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Fibromialgia , Feminino , Humanos , Assistência ao Paciente
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(29): e26447, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398002

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study was set to investigate whether fibromyalgia increased cataract risk.Fibromyalgia patients were the case group and controls were people who never had a history of fibromyalgia. We estimated the hazard ratio of cataract by Cox proportional-hazards model. The adjusted hazard ratios were obtained by controlling variables of age, sex, and comorbidities. Stratification analysis was also performed to ensure the association of fibromyalgia and cataract.We included 6949 participants in each groups. The incidence rate of cataract in patients with fibromyalgia (108.9 per 1000 person-years) was higher than that of control group (58.9 per 1000 person-years). The risk of cataract in fibromyalgia patients was 2.48 (95% confidence interval = 2.34-2.63) times higher than subjects without fibromyalgia.Fibromyalgia is associated with higher risk of cataract.


Assuntos
Catarata/diagnóstico , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Catarata/epidemiologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos de Coortes , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Fibromialgia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
13.
Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) ; 96(8): 446-448, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340785

RESUMO

The case concerns a 54-year-old woman, with a history of fibromyalgia and normal preoperative ocular and systemic study, who presented with a long-lasting disabling photophobia, after sequential bilateral cataract surgery without complications. Photophobia was accompanied by good uncorrected VA, with no pain or subjective eye discomfort, without migraine or indicators of psychic conflict. It was refractory to any prescribed treatment of the ocular surface, finally responding to oral anticonvulsants (carbamazepine) that are frequently used in neuropathic pain. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported case of a long-lasting disabling photophobia without pain and good VA after cataract surgery.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Catarata , Neuralgia , Fotofobia , Extração de Catarata/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fibromialgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fotofobia/etiologia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360099

RESUMO

This review elaborates on the aetiology, diagnosis, and treatment of temporomandibular (TMD) myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) regulated by psychosocial factors. MPS impairs functioning in society due to the accompanying pain. Directed and self-directed biopsychosocial profile modulation may be beneficial in the treatment of MPS. Moreover, nutrition is also a considerable part of musculoskeletal system health. A fruit and vegetable diet contributes to a reduction in chronic pain intensity because of its anti-inflammatory influence. Cannabidiol (CBD) oils may also be used in the treatment as they reduce stress and anxiety. A promising alternative treatment may be craniosacral therapy which uses gentle fascia palpation techniques to decrease sympathetic arousal by regulating body rhythms and release fascial restrictions between the cranium and sacrum. MPS is affected by the combined action of the limbic, autonomic, endocrine, somatic, nociceptive, and immune systems. Therefore, the treatment of MPS should be deliberated holistically as it is a complex disorder.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Fibromialgia , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Ansiedade , Humanos , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/diagnóstico , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial/terapia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia
15.
Trials ; 22(1): 557, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recruitment of fibromyalgia populations into long-term clinical trials involving exercise interventions is a challenge. We evaluated the cost and randomization yields of various recruitment methods used for a fibromyalgia trial in an urban setting. We also investigated differences in participant characteristics and exercise intervention adherence based on recruitment source. METHODS: We recruited individuals with fibromyalgia in the greater Boston area to a randomized controlled trial (RCT) using six recruitment strategies: newspaper advertisements, web advertisements, flyers, clinic referrals, direct mailing to patients in a clinic database, and word of mouth. We used the American College of Rheumatology 1990 and 2010 diagnostic criteria to screen and enroll participants. During an initial phone call to an interested participant, the study staff asked how they heard about the study. In this study, we compared the cost and yield of the six recruitment strategies as well as baseline characteristics, adherence, and attendance rates of participants across strategies. RESULTS: Our recruitment resulted in 651 prescreens, 272 screening visits, and 226 randomized participants. Advertisements in a local commuter newspaper were most effective, providing 113 of 226 randomizations, albeit high cost ($212 per randomized participant). Low-cost recruitment strategies included clinical referrals and web advertisements, but they only provided 32 and 16 randomizations. Community-based strategies including advertisement and flyers recruited a more racially diverse participant sample than clinic referrals and mailing or calling patients. There was no evidence of difference in adherence among participants recruited from various strategies. CONCLUSIONS: Newspaper advertisement was the most effective and most expensive method per randomized participant for recruiting large numbers of individuals with fibromyalgia in an urban setting. Community-based strategies recruited a more racially diverse cohort than clinic-based strategies. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01420640 . Registered on 19 August 2011.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia , Boston , Exercício Físico , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Fibromialgia/terapia , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estados Unidos
16.
RMD Open ; 7(3)2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Postacute COVID-19 syndrome (PACS) is an emerging entity characterised by a large array of manifestations, including musculoskeletal complaints, fatigue and cognitive or sleep disturbances. Since similar symptoms are present also in patients with fibromyalgia (FM), we decided to perform a web-based cross-sectional survey aimed at investigating the prevalence and predictors of FM in patients who recovered from COVID-19. METHODS: Data were anonymously collected between 5 and 18 April 2021. The collection form consisted of 28 questions gathering demographic information, features and duration of acute COVID-19, comorbid diseases, and other individual's attributes such as height and weight. The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Survey Criteria and the Italian version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire completed the survey. RESULTS: A final sample of 616 individuals (77.4% women) filled the form 6±3 months after the COVID-19 diagnosis. Of these, 189 (30.7%) satisfied the ACR survey criteria for FM (56.6% women). A multivariate logistic regression model including demographic and clinical factors showed that male gender (OR: 9.95, 95% CI 6.02 to 16.43, p<0.0001) and obesity (OR: 41.20, 95% CI 18.00 to 98.88, p<0.0001) were the strongest predictors of being classified as having post-COVID-19 FM. Hospital admission rate was significantly higher in men (15.8% vs 9.2%, p=0.001) and obese (19.2 vs 10.8%, p=0.016) respondents. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that clinical features of FM are common in patients who recovered from COVID-19 and that obesity and male gender affect the risk of developing post-COVID-19 FM.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Fibromialgia , COVID-19/complicações , Teste para COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Fibromialgia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
17.
J Adv Nurs ; 77(11): 4549-4562, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268797

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to explore the experience and management of poor sleep quality in Spanish women with fibromyalgia (FM). DESIGN: This was a qualitative study based on one-to-one interviews. METHODS: Twenty-one adult women diagnosed with FM were recruited from the community between January and March 2020. Data were collected through in-depth semistructured one-to-one interviews, using an interview guide of open questions about the experience and management of poor sleep quality, and were analyzed with thematic qualitative analysis. The symptom management theory was used as a biopsychosocial conceptual framework. RESULTS: The results were organized into two themes: (a) experience of poor sleep quality and (b) management strategies for poor sleep quality. Poor sleep quality was found to be a severe symptom of FM that negatively impacts pain, fatigue, stiffness, mental health, and quality of life. The participants perceived pharmacological treatment to be the main approach of health care professionals for improving sleep, and most did not want this form of treatment. Self-management strategies lack clear beneficial effects on sleep quality. CONCLUSION: Women with FM recognize that they need to receive more information from nurses and allied professions about sleep in the context of FM and how to effectively manage poor sleep quality. IMPACT: This study contributes to a better understanding of how women with FM experience and manage poor sleep quality. More information about management strategies for poor sleep quality from nurses and other health care professionals is needed in women with FM. The results of this study can be applied by nurses and health care professionals, including sleep educators, in the treatment of this patient group.


Assuntos
Sonhos , Fibromialgia , Fibromialgia/terapia , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade de Vida
18.
J Int Adv Otol ; 17(4): 348-352, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309557

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia syndrome is a disorder of widespread pain with unknown etiology. These patients frequently suffer from otologic complaints. This study aims to analyze the audiovestibular functions in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. METHODS: The study included 33 fibromyalgia patients and 33 healthy volunteers. All the study subjects underwent audiological assessment, multifrequency tympanometry, transient otoacoustic emission, and ocular and cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials tests. RESULTS: Pure-tone hearing thresholds of right and left ears were found to be decreased in fibromyalgia patients compared to controls (P < 0.05). Middle ear resonance frequency values were significantly decreased in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome compared to controls (P < .05). The values for signal-to-noise ratios were higher in controls than in the FMS patients. The difference was significant for 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz (P > .005). Cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential waves were obtained in all controls, but could not be obtained in 5 right ears and 4 left ears of the fibromyalgia patients (P < .05). Also, ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials were obtained in all controls, but could not be obtained in 7 right ears and 10 left ears of the patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Our findings support the presence of audiovestibular dysfunction in patients with fibromyalgia. Further research that focuses on the pathogenesis of these dysfunctions is required.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia , Potenciais Evocados Miogênicos Vestibulares , Testes de Impedância Acústica , Audiometria , Fibromialgia/complicações , Humanos , Emissões Otoacústicas Espontâneas
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300129

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia (FM) translates into a reduction in the quality of life of people who suffer from it, being a chronic disease of unknown etiology. One of the most widespread treatments includes the combination of patient education, along with other components. At the educational level, the Fibromyalgia Knowledge Questionnaire (FKQ) is a tool that assesses knowledge of fibromyalgia. OBJECTIVE: To obtain the translation and cultural adaptation of the FKQ questionnaire into Spanish, as well as its readability, in addition to knowing the relationship between knowledge of the disease and the level of disability. METHOD: In phase one, a translation-back translation and an evaluation of the readability of the questionnaire was carried out from INFLESZ, while in phase two, the questionnaire was passed to women with FM to detect their knowledge of the disease. A total of 49 women participated, with a mean age of 54.48 years. RESULTS: The Spanish version of the FKQ questionnaire was rated by the participants in all its items as "clear and understandable". The readability obtained by the questionnaire was similar to its original version, with both totals being in the "normal" range, following the INFLESZ ranges. Regarding the patients' knowledge about FM, the component in which the highest score was obtained was physical activity (80% correct), while the one that obtained the worst score was knowledge about medication (50% correct). In addition, an inverse correlation was obtained between the FKQ and the FIQ (Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire) (r = -0.438; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The FKQ has been translated and culturally adapted, obtaining a correct understanding by the participants, as well as a degree of readability similar to the original questionnaire. Furthermore, it was obtained that, the lower the level of knowledge of the sick person, the greater the disability.


Assuntos
Fibromialgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 12: 21501327211031767, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235997

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Central sensitization syndromes (CSS) comprise an overlapping group of clinical conditions with the core feature of "pain arising as a direct consequence of a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system." Patients with CSS are known to have challenging interactions with healthcare providers contributing to psychological distress and increased healthcare utilization. CSS symptom severity has been associated with psychologic comorbidities, but little is known about how symptom severity relates to provider interactions. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey among patients with CSS in our primary care practices to examine the relationship between CSS symptom severity and experiences with doctors. RESULTS: A total of 775 respondents completed the survey (775/5000; 15.5%) with 72% reporting high CSS symptom severity. About 44% of respondents had a prior diagnosis of fibromyalgia, 72% had migraines, and 28% had IBS. Patients with high CSS symptom severity were more likely to report that doctor(s) had often/always told them that they don't need treatment when they feel like they do (OR = 3.6, 95% CI 1.9-7.5), that doctor(s) often/always don't understand them (OR = 3.1, 95% CI 1.9-5.4), and that doctor(s) often/always seem annoyed with them when compared with respondents with low-moderate CSS symptom severity (OR = 4.8, 95% CI 2.2-12.5). Patients with high CSS symptom severity were at greater than 5 times odds of reporting being told that their symptoms were "all in their head" when compared to patients with low-moderate symptom severity (OR = 5.4, 95% CI 3.3-9.0). CONCLUSION: Patients with CSS spectrum disorders experience frequent pain and decreased quality of life. A high degree of CSS symptom severity is associated with negative experiences with healthcare providers, which deters the establishment of a positive provider-patient relationship. Further research is needed to help understand symptom severity in CSS and harness the power of the therapeutic alliance as a treatment modality.


Assuntos
Sensibilização do Sistema Nervoso Central , Fibromialgia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Qualidade de Vida
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