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1.
Pflege ; 35(3): 129-131, 2022 06.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35599535
6.
ANS Adv Nurs Sci ; 45(1): 22-37, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35099412

RESUMO

Most nursing models are developed based on Western philosophy. The conceptual model of "human as an embodied spirit" based on Iranian mysticism and wisdom is presented in this article. This conceptual model was developed in 2 phases: first, using a derivation process, the concepts of the model were developed. Next, in a synthesis process, the conceptual model was constructed. Definitions and descriptions of each of the concepts of the model-the constitution of the physical body, the composition of graded soul, knowledge-based interventions, love-based interventions, balance, and harmony-and the relations between these concepts are presented in the article. This model gives equal value to the art and the science of nursing and integrates all dimensions of human being and related health problems in such a way that they can be explained and approached as a continuum. The next step is the testing of this model followed by the development of guidelines for education and practice.


Assuntos
Modelos de Enfermagem , Misticismo , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Filosofia em Enfermagem
7.
Cult. cuid ; 26(62): 1-11, 1er cuatrim. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-CR-169

RESUMO

Objective: To create disciplinary knowledge derived from philosophical reflectionsfocused on the practice of the Nurse who provides care to people with mental suffering, throughthe construction of a Nursing Situation Narrative. Method: A narrative writing was elaborated inthe First Diploma of Philosophy in Nursing attended by professors of the School of Nursing ofthe Universidad del Valle, favoring the study of theoretical concepts associated with theprofessional practice of the assistants; from the construction of Nursing Situations. Result: ANursing Situation was written using the narrative strategy derived from the professionalexperience of the teacher writer as Coordinator of a Home Care Program in a Level III PsychiatricHospital in the city of Cali. The writing was analyzed according to the theory of PsychodynamicNursing consonant with the Interactive Integrative vision of Nursing. Conclusion: Theconstruction of disciplinary knowledge supported by narratives of Nursing Situations, facilitatesthe philosophical approaches of Nursing in a scientific and humanized way. For its part, careunder the relational psychodynamic approach, vindicates human interaction based oncommunication, empathy, warmth and opportunity; generating that the Nurse - Care Subjectrelationship is itself therapeutic.


Objetivo: Crear conocimiento disciplinar derivado de reflexiones filosóficas centradas enla praxis del (a) Enfermero (a) que brinda cuidado a personas con sufrimiento psíquico, mediantela construcción de una Narrativa de Situación de Enfermería. Método: Se elaboró un escritonarrativo en el Primer Diplomado de Filosofía en Enfermería cursado por docentes de la Escuelade Enfermería de la Universidad del Valle, favoreciendo el estudio de conceptos teóricosasociados con la práctica profesional de los asistentes; a partir de la construcción de Situacionesde Enfermería. Resultado: Se escribió una Situación de Enfermería empleando la estrategianarrativa derivada de la experiencia profesional de la docente escritora como Coordinadora de unPrograma de Atención Domiciliaria en un Hospital Psiquiátrico Nivel III de la ciudad de Cali. Elescrito se analizó según la teoría de Enfermería Psicodinámica consonante con la visiónInteractiva Integrativa de Enfermería. Conclusión: La construcción de conocimiento disciplinarsoportado en narrativas de Situaciones de Enfermería, facilita los abordajes filosóficos deEnfermería de manera científica y humanizada. Por su parte, el cuidado bajo el enfoquepsicodinámico relacional, reivindica la interacción humana basada en la comunicación, empatía,calidez y oportunidad; generando que la relación Enfermera – Sujeto de Cuidado sea en sí mismaterapéutica.


Objetivo: Gerar conhecimentos disciplinares derivados de reflexões filosóficas voltadaspara a prática do Enfermeiro que cuida de pessoas com sofrimento mental, por meio da construçãode uma Narrativa da Situação de Enfermagem. Método: Foi elaborada uma escrita narrativa noPrimeiro Diploma de Filosofia em Enfermagem frequentado por docentes da Escola deEnfermagem da Universidad del Valle, favorecendo o estudo de conceitos teóricos associados àprática profissional dos auxiliares; a partir da construção das Situações de Enfermagem.Resultado: A Nursing Situation foi escrita utilizando a estratégia narrativa derivada da experiênciaprofissional da professora escritora como Coordenadora de um Programa de AssistênciaDomiciliar em um Hospital Psiquiátrico Nível III na cidade de Cali. A escrita foi analisadasegundo a teoria da Enfermagem Psicodinâmica consoante com a visão Integrativa Interactivada Enfermagem. Conclusão: A construção de saberes disciplinares apoiados em narrativas deSituações de Enfermagem, facilita as abordagens filosóficas da Enfermagem de forma científicae humanizada. Por sua vez, o cuidado sob o enfoque psicodinâmico relacional, reivindica ainteração humana baseada na comunicação, empatia, cordialidade e oportunidade; gerando que arelação Enfermeiro - Sujeito do Cuidado seja ela própria terapêutica.


Assuntos
Humanos , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Narrativas Pessoais como Assunto , Docentes de Enfermagem , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica , Cuidados de Enfermagem
8.
Nurs Sci Q ; 35(1): 41-45, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939479

RESUMO

In this article, I propose that engagement in nursing practice affords an epistemic advantage and should be included in defining nursing science and as a warrant for scientific knowledge. I appeal to standpoint epistemology, a philosophical theory, to support my proposal. A new conception of objectivity, which aligns with the contemporary practice of science and standpoint theory, is discussed. The article presents a preliminary theory of nursing standpoint theory that explains epistemic advantage of a practicing nurse. Open questions about nursing science conclude the article.


Assuntos
Conhecimento , Ciência , Objetivos , Humanos , Teoria de Enfermagem , Filosofia em Enfermagem
9.
Creat Nurs ; 27(4): 273-274, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34903633
10.
Nurse Res ; 29(4): 27-34, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Locating and explicating philosophical frameworks, which enable a person-centred approach, is important for nurses undertaking research to respect and value participants during the process. This reflects the ideals of person-centred care. AIM: To explore how Heidegger's philosophical concept of dasein and its relationship with the hermeneutic circle can support person-centred research. DISCUSSION: Dasein is described as 'being in the world' and encourages thinking about the ways in which people are bound to their surroundings and history. Understanding and applying it to nursing research is important as it enables researchers to explore the 'lifeworld' of another and promotes person-centred research practice. CONCLUSION: Developing a person-centred approach to research can be achieved by using Heidegger's concept of dasein, which can enable the development of insight into another person's lifeworld. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Understanding the concept of dasein enables nurse researchers to undertake person-centred research. Dasein recognises individuals in the holistic context of their world and values what is important to them. Situating findings contextually allows nurse researchers to influence nursing practice and policy.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Filosofia , Humanos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Filosofia em Enfermagem
11.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 55: e20210055, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698758

RESUMO

Becoming mother of a second child, as a parental transition phenomenon, poses a challenge to reflection in Nursing. This theoretical study intends to present a reflection on the being who being-in-the-world becomes mother of a second child. It is based on Heideggerian phenomenology and nursing thought. The text is organized around two axes: Heidegger's conceptual contributions and nursing thought. The Heideggerian ontological dimension, aligned with the humanistic presuppositions of Nursing, contributes to unfold the meanings of life experiences and broaden possibilities of caring of the being who being-in-the-world… becomes mother of a second child. Concomitantly, the access to the experience of women who being-in-the-world become mother of a second child enables widening comprehension of this phenomenon, which will certainly impact nurses' being-present in their daily care.


Assuntos
Humanismo , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Mães
12.
Nurs Philos ; 22(4): e12363, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288326

RESUMO

This article summarizes a virtual live-streamed panel event that occurred in August 2020 and was cosponsored by the International Philosophy of Nursing Society (IPONS) and the University of California, Irvine's Center for Nursing Philosophy. The event consisted of a series of three self-contained panel discussions focusing on the past, present and future of IPONS and was moderated by the current Chair of IPONS, Catherine Green. The first panel discussion explored the history of IPONS and the journal Nursing Philosophy. The second panel involved a reflection on the challenges of doing nursing philosophy in a research-intensive context of a Canadian university and the history and current movements in nursing philosophy in the Nordic countries. The final panel involved presentations on the future potential for philosophy in/and for nursing, the critical connections between nursing philosophy and nursing theory, dismantling racism in nursing and the potential for process philosophy to help explore nursing's unique efficacy in creating possibilities for health. The panels were followed by a lively Q&A session with participants, of which there were 252 registrants from across the globe. The event underscored the wide and diverse interests of nurses in philosophical discussion and the need for more virtual events and other connective modalities bringing nurses together to discuss and analyze the value and potential of philosophy to better understand and advance nursing theory and practice.


Assuntos
Teoria de Enfermagem , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Canadá , Humanos , Filosofia , Universidades
13.
Nurs Sci Q ; 34(3): 336-337, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212793
14.
Nurs Sci Q ; 34(3): 263-267, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212799

RESUMO

In this article, I explore the turn to mixed methods in nursing. I examine the alignment of key characteristics (philosophical underpinnings and the concept of integration) of mixed methods with nursing's disciplinary perspective and its links with theory. I also provide a brief overview of the history and current status of mixed methods and conclude by looking to the future to suggest an additional twist in the turn to mixed methods for nursing science.


Assuntos
Teoria de Enfermagem , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Humanos
17.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 42(spe): e20200383, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To reflect on nursing from an existentialist perspective, in which "being-with" has been shown to be the best type of care in a world with Covid-19. METHOD: Reflective theoretical study on nursing in the context of a pandemic using an existentialist philosophical theoretical framework. RESULTS: Nursing is now perceived by society as a profession whose practices are beyond the clinical conditions that affect individuals who live with this pandemic, as taking care of others is not only performing technical actions, but means, fundamentally, taking sensitive ones, like "being-with" in a present and authentic way. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The pandemic has caused changes in the way human beings relate to the world, leading to reflections on values ​​due to the restrictions imposed by it. In this scenario, nurses becomes visible, being the protagonists in the different care spaces, since the focus of its practice is existential care, which is established through relationships in encounters between beings, thus making "being-with" possible.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/enfermagem , Existencialismo , Pandemias , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Brasil , Humanos
18.
Nurs Inq ; 28(3): e12409, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949760

RESUMO

Nursing and nurses have become reliant on qualitative methods to understand the meaning of nursing care, and many nurse researchers use Heideggerian Interpretivist phenomenology approaches. Often these nurses are unaware of Martin Heidegger's role in the German National Socialist Party of the 1930s and his allegiance to fascist ideology. We ask: can a bad person have good ideas? In line with pragmatic thinkers such as Richard Rorty, we argue that instead of value judgements on people and their ideas, nurses should consider ideas as a product of a historical/social and political time and space. In urging a critical political engagement, we argue for a Husserlian approach. In opposition to Heidegger's interpretivist phenomenology approach, in which the hegemony of the day is integral to the phenomena being studied, we propose that a more expressive, collaborative engagement using Husserlian descriptive phenomenology approach would serve better in encouraging a more critical engagement with how ideas are used by groups of people, how some groups might be advantaged and others disadvantaged. Our conclusion is that the separation of ideas from political and social context is dangerous, and nurses, including nurse researchers, must understand how their research ideas and methods influence and are influenced by political agendas.


Assuntos
Socialismo Nacional , Filosofia em Enfermagem/história , Dissidências e Disputas , História do Século XX , Humanos , Política
19.
Nurs Philos ; 22(3): e12355, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029437

RESUMO

In this paper, the historical alignment of nursing with divinity-based perspectives and modern New Age nursing theories are explored. The nature of divinity in nursing is examined, together with the complexities and issues that arise in adopting a spiritual basis for care. The work of the key theorists in this area (Rogers, Newman, Parse, Watson, Dossey) is reconsidered and fundamental epistemological problems inherent in this approach reviewed. Specific concerns with the interpretation of holistic care, adoption of doxastic logic, faith-based rationales, influence of Caucasian Judeo-Christian and New Age values, misappropriation of science, use of pseudoscience and development of divinity as social consumer product are discussed. Practical problems with using a spiritual basis in contemporary nursing practice are also explored and the alignment of divinity-based nursing theories with the modern antiscience movement is examined. Overall, the re-emergence of divinity-based nursing and spiritual basis for care may be problematic, and would seem to counter the development of an inclusive profession. Additionally, the alignment of nursing with antiscience movements rejecting biomedicine has significant public health implications. This is argued as a regressive step for the advancement of the profession.


Assuntos
Filosofia em Enfermagem , Espiritualismo , Humanos
20.
Rech Soins Infirm ; N° 144(1): 10-21, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002585

RESUMO

The historical development of nursing knowledge reflects the political, social, and professional contexts that have shaped it, but also different visions of science and scientific knowledge. This article focuses on these two elements, science and scientific nursing knowledge, in order to examine nursing knowledge in the context in which it was proposed. Examining the influences that have shaped its development allows us to situate it among what were recognized as the modalities of knowledge development and the structures of knowledge formulation. By looking back we thus seek to appreciate the true value of nursing knowledge by providing keys to understanding its particular nature in relation to contemporary views of knowledge formulation, and to highlight the merits of those who helped lay the foundations for disciplinary knowledge. This historical overview of the development of nursing knowledge raises awareness of the status and growth of nursing knowledge and of the theorists who made it possible. It also seeks to restore and inspire a respect for its pioneers that is often lacking in nursing.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Humanos , Conhecimento , Modelos de Enfermagem , Filosofia em Enfermagem
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