Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.991
Filtrar
1.
BMJ Open ; 13(1): e067967, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592999

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Vestibular dysfunction is common in patients with acute traumatic brain injury (aTBI). Persisting vestibular symptoms (ie, dizziness and imbalance) are linked to poor physical, psychological and socioeconomic outcomes. However, routine management of vestibular dysfunction in aTBI is not always standard practice. We aimed to identify and explore any healthcare professional barriers or facilitators to managing vestibular dysfunction in aTBI. DESIGN: A qualitative approach was used. Data were collected using face to face, semi-structured interviews and analysed using the Framework approach. SETTING: Two major trauma centres in London, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 28 healthcare professionals participated: 11 occupational therapists, 8 physiotherapists and 9 surgical/trauma doctors. RESULTS: Vestibular assessment and treatment were not routinely undertaken by trauma ward staff. Uncertainty regarding responsibility for vestibular management on the trauma ward was perceived to lead to gaps in patient care. Interestingly, the term dizziness was sometimes perceived as an 'invisible' and vague phenomenon, leading to difficulties identifying or 'proving' dizziness and a tendency for making non-specific diagnoses. Barriers to routine assessment and treatment included limited knowledge and skills, a lack of local or national guidelines, insufficient training and concerns regarding the practical aspects of managing vestibular dysfunction. Of current trauma ward staff, therapists were identified as appropriate healthcare professionals to adopt new behaviours regarding management of a common form of vestibular dysfunction (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo). Strategies to support this behaviour change include heightened clarity around role, implementation of local or national guidelines, improved access to training and multidisciplinary support from experts in vestibular dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: This study has highlighted that role and knowledge barriers exist to multidisciplinary management of vestibular dysfunction in aTBI. Trauma ward therapists were identified as the most appropriate healthcare professionals to adopt new behaviours. Several strategies are proposed to facilitate such behaviour change. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN91943864.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Lesões Encefálicas , Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Tontura/etiologia , Tontura/terapia , Vertigem/etiologia , Vertigem/terapia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Reino Unido
2.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 43(2): e93-e99, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is a common congenital foot deformity in children. The Ponseti method of serial casting has become the standard of care in clubfoot treatment. Clubfoot casting is performed in many centers by both orthopaedic surgeons and physical therapists (PTs); however, direct comparison of outcomes and complications of this treatment between these providers is limited. This study prospectively compared the outcomes of patients with clubfoot treated by these 2 groups of specialists. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2014, all patients under the age of 12 months with a diagnosis of clubfoot were included. Patients were randomized to an orthopaedic surgeon (MD) group or a PT group for weekly serial casting. Main outcome measures included the number of casts required to achieve correction, clinical recurrence of the deformity, and the need for additional surgical intervention. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-six infants were included in the study. Patient demographics and characteristics (sex, race, family history of clubfoot, laterality, and severity of deformity) were similar between treatment groups, with the only significant difference being the mean age of entry into the study (5.2 weeks in the MD group and 9.2 weeks in the PT group, P=0.01). Mean length of follow-up was 2.6 years. The number of casts required trended to a lower number in the MD group. There was no significant difference in the rates of clinical recurrence or additional surgical intervention between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Ponseti casting for treatment of clubfoot performed by orthopaedic surgeons and PTs results in equivalent outcomes without any difference in complications. Although the number of casts required trended to a lower number in the MD group, this likely did not result in any clinical significance, as the difference in cast number equaled <1 week's difference in the overall duration of serial casting. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I-therapeutic.


Assuntos
Pé Torto Equinovaro , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos , Fisioterapeutas , Lactente , Criança , Humanos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Pé Torto Equinovaro/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Moldes Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physiotherapy is one of the most referenced and effective conservative strategies for treating patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). This study aimed to characterize and analyze the self-knowledge of TMD of Portuguese physiotherapists. METHODS: an online questionnaire was carried out, and the data collected were descriptively analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 338 physiotherapists participated, of which only 142 treated patients with TMD. Seventy-six percent of the physiotherapists reported that they had not received training in the TMD area during the physiotherapy degree course. Only 11% of the physiotherapists reported that treating patients with TMD adequately identified all symptoms of TMD. CONCLUSIONS: the present study showed that it is necessary to integrate TMD-related content into the basic training of physiotherapists and promote an increase in evidence-based training.


Assuntos
Fisioterapeutas , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Portugal , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674118

RESUMO

The goal of the article is an axiological analysis of the Ethical Code of Conduct for Physiotherapists. The basic ethical values constituting the axiological basis of physiotherapy are care, professionalism, responsibility, fairness, professional integrity, respect for a patient/client's dignity and autonomy. Those values have been selected from the theory and practice of physiotherapy, but also from socio-cultural conditions influencing the relations and interdependencies between physiotherapists and other professional groups or society as a whole. Those values can exist as qualities of a subject (a physiotherapist) or as functions realised by them (acting for the welfare of a patient/client, society, profession). Some of the analysed values have been directly enumerated in the Ethical Code of Conduct for Physiotherapists, while others must be deduced from the rules included in this document. The analysed values should be internalised by the physiotherapists during their training and professional practice.


Assuntos
Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Códigos de Ética , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Prática Privada
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674387

RESUMO

The use of the biopsychosocial model in primary care physiotherapy for chronic pain is far from the recommendations given in research and current guidelines. To understand why physiotherapists have difficulty implementing a biopsychosocial approach, more insight is needed on the barriers and facilitators. This scoping review aimed to investigate and map these barriers and facilitators that physiotherapists working in primary care reportedly face when treating patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain from a biopsychosocial perspective. Four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL and ERIC) and the grey literature were searched. Studies were included if they investigated the experiences of physiotherapists in the treatment of chronic pain from a biopsychosocial perspective in primary care. Extracted data were discussed and sub grouped in themes following a qualitative content analysis approach. To align with current use of theories on behavior change, the resulting themes were compared to the Theoretical Domains Framework. After screening, twenty-four studies were included. Eight groups of barriers and facilitators were identified, thematically clustered in six themes: knowledge, skills, and attitudes; environmental context and resources; role clarity; confidence; therapeutic alliance; and patient expectations. The results of this review can be used to inform the development of implementation programs.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Fisioterapeutas/psicologia , Modelos Biopsicossociais , Dor Crônica/terapia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
6.
BMC Prim Care ; 24(1): 13, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36641488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are multifactorial requiring multidisciplinary treatment including physiotherapy. General practitioners (GP) have a central role in managing MSDs and mostly solicit physiotherapists accounting for 76.1% of physiotherapy referrals in France. Patient, physician, and contextual factors, including healthcare accessibility, can influence physiotherapy referral rates. OBJECTIVE: To identify patient, physician, and contextual factors associated with physiotherapy referral in adult patients with MSDs in general practice. METHODS: This study is based on the 2011/2012 French cross-sectional ECOGEN study. Analyses included working-age patients consulting their GP for any MSD. Physiotherapy referral was assessed initially, then adjusted multilevel logistic model analysis of patient, physician, geographical area-related factors associated with these referrals was performed. RESULTS: Among the 2305 patients included, 456 (19.8%) were referred to a physiotherapist. Following multilevel multivariate analyses, physiotherapist referral was more frequent for female patients (OR 1.28; 95% CI [1.03, 1.59]) with spinal (OR 1.47; 95% CI [1.18, 1.83]) and upper limb disorders (OR 1.66; 95% CI [1.20, 2.29]), and less frequent for patients ≥ 50 years (OR 0.69; 95% CI [0.52, 0.91]), living in deprived geographical areas (OR 0.60; 95% CI [0.40, 0.90]). GPs referred to a physiotherapist less frequently if they were ≥ 50 years (OR 0.50; 95% CI [0.39, 0.63]), had a high number of annual consultations, or were practicing in semi-urban area in a multidisciplinary team. CONCLUSION: This multilevel analysis identifies factors associated with physiotherapy referral for patients with MSDs, including living in deprived geographical areas. This constitutes an original contribution towards addressing healthcare disparities.


Assuntos
Medicina Geral , Clínicos Gerais , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Adulto , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/terapia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Atenção Primária à Saúde
7.
Heart Lung ; 57: 152-160, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209724

RESUMO

Background Specific details pertaining to the clinical and other challenges faced by physiotherapists managing patients with COVID-19 during the pandemic are still largely unknown. Objectives To determine how physiotherapists clinically managed patients with COVID-19 in a hospital-based setting during the pandemic and to identify the personal and professional effects of working as a physiotherapist at this time. Methods Self-administered electronic cross-sectional survey. Participants included physiotherapists from around the world involved in the clinical management of patients with COVID-19. Results Of the 204 participants who returned the questionnaire, 39% worked as senior physiotherapists, 29% as consultant or specialist physiotherapists, 23% as general physiotherapists and 4% as graduate physiotherapists. Seventy-two percent of participants worked in the intensive care unit. The largest barrier to treating patients with COVID-19 was a lack of intensive care trained physiotherapists (70%). Eighty-three percent of participants reported performing activities outside of their typical work duties, including proning patients (55%), tutoring and advising other staff in the intensive care unit (55%) and adjusting or changing ventilator settings (52%). Almost all participants (90%) reported being aware of physiotherapy specific guidelines for treating patients with COVID-19, yet most participants performed techniques that were not recommended. Conclusions The experience of the pandemic highlighted the need for specialist training and availability of experienced cardiorespiratory physiotherapists to manage patients with COVID-19, specifically in intensive care. Furthermore, clear guidelines on the management of patients with COVID-19 should be established to ensure optimal management of patients and ensure the safety of physiotherapy staff.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Dementia (London) ; 22(2): 378-389, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the growing population of older adults in Nigeria comes a simultaneous rise in the incidence of dementia in the country. Adequate knowledge of dementia is needed to effectively administer interventions for persons living with dementia. Physiotherapy is one of the professions providing care for people with dementia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of dementia among physiotherapists in Nigeria. METHODS: An online survey method was used to collect data from the sample population of practicing physiotherapists in Nigeria. Data was collected using the 21-item Dementia Knowledge Assessment Tool Version Two (DKAT2) and the respondents also provided some demographic information. Mann Whitney test, Kruskal Wallis test and Spearman's rho correlation were used to test for association between the DKAT2 scores and the demographic variables and this association was further explored with multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: A total number of 223 physiotherapists participated in this study. The findings of the study show that there is limited knowledge of dementia among the physiotherapists. Number of years of professional experience and specialty groups predicted significantly higher knowledge scores. CONCLUSION: The knowledge deficits found among physiotherapists in Nigeria indicate that older adults living with dementia might not be receiving the best evidence-based physiotherapy treatments for their condition. This research therefore advocates for an educational intervention to be carried out within the physiotherapy profession in order to improve the quality of services rendered to their patients.


Assuntos
Demência , Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Idoso , Nigéria , Demência/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1462, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: When a new guideline is published there is a need to understand how its recommendations can best be implemented in real-world practice. Yet, guidelines are often published with little to no roadmap for organizations to follow to promote adherence to their recommendations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of using a common process model to implement a single clinical practice guideline across multiple physical therapy clinical settings. METHODS: Five organizationally distinct sites with physical therapy services for patients with peripheral vestibular hypofunction participated. The Knowledge to Action model served as the foundation for implementation of a newly published guideline. Site leaders conducted preliminary gap surveys and face-to-face meetings to guide physical therapist stakeholders' identification of target-behaviors for improved guideline adherence. A 6-month multimodal implementation intervention included local opinion leaders, audit and feedback, fatigue-resistant reminders, and communities of practice. Therapist adherence to target-behaviors for the 6 months before and after the intervention was the primary outcome for behavior change. RESULTS: Therapist participants at all sites indicated readiness for change and commitment to the project. Four sites with more experienced therapists selected similar target behaviors while the fifth, with more inexperienced therapists, identified different goals. Adherence to target behaviors was mixed. Among four sites with similar target behaviors, three had multiple areas of statistically significantly improved adherence and one site had limited improvement. Success was most common with behaviors related to documentation and offering patients low technology resources to support home exercise. A fifth site showed a trend toward improved therapist self-efficacy and therapist behavior change in one provider location. CONCLUSIONS: The Knowledge to Action model provided a common process model for sites with diverse structures and needs to implement a guideline in practice. Multimodal, active interventions, with a focus on auditing adherence to therapist-selected target behaviors, feedback in collaborative monthly meetings, fatigue-resistant reminders, and developing communities of practice was associated with long-term improvement in adherence. Local rather than external opinion leaders, therapist availability for community building meetings, and rate of provider turnover likely impacted success in this model. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study does not report the results of a health care intervention on human participants.


Assuntos
Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Conhecimento , Pesquisa , Pesquisadores , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde
11.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 79(4): 363-368, 2022 Dec 21.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542586

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Conocer las barreras que los/as kinesiólogos/as argentinos presentan a la hora de emprender o mantener su desarrollo profesional continuo. Materiales y método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal mediante una encuesta anónima y virtual a través de Google Forms en el mes de julio de 2021. RESULTADO: 229 profesionales completaron el cuestionario. 157 (68,6%) ejercían en la provincia de Córdoba, 19 (8,3%) en Buenos Aires, 11 (4,8%) en Santa Fe y el resto en otras provincias. 106 (46,3%) llevaban trabajando entre 1 a 5 años en la profesión, 42 (18,3%) entre 5 y 9 años, 34 (14,8%) entre 10 y 15 años y 47 (20,5%) más de 15 años. 128 (55,9%) se desempeñaban en el área de traumatología y ortopedia, 77 (31,9%) en respiratorio. 178 (77,7%) pertenecía al sector privado, 17 (7,4%) al sector público y 34 (14,8%) a ambos sectores. Conclusión: Del total de encuestados, el 84,3% manifestó tener barreras para realizar su desarrollo profesional continuo; el 15,7% declaró no tener inconvenientes. La principal barrera fue la economía personal, seguida de la percepción de costo beneficio y la falta de tiempo.


Assuntos
Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0278996, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542615

RESUMO

The Revised Hammersmith Scale (RHS) for Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) was designed as a psychometrically robust clinical outcome assessment to assess physical abilities of patients with type 2 and 3 SMA. The reliability properties of the RHS have not yet been reported. A prospective RHS reliability study was undertaken in a UK cohort of experienced neuromuscular paediatric Physiotherapists. Reliability testing was conducted via a virtual survey platform two weeks apart. Through the virtual platform participants scored videos of two RHS assessments, one of a child with SMA 2 and one of a child with SMA 3. Inter and intra-rater reliability was analysed using a type 3 Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). Intra-rater agreement was further analysed using Bland Altman (BA) Limits of Agreement (LOA) and plots. The acceptable inter and intra-rater variability was set as a change of ± 2 by the international team of expert physiotherapists who developed the RHS. Inter-rater agreement, n = 22 raters, type 3 ICC was 0.989 (95% CI 0.944 to 1.00), 97.7% of scores were within the acceptable limits of ± 2 points. Intra-rater agreement, n = 21 raters, type 3 ICC ranged from 0.922 to 1.0, with 97.6% of scores within the acceptable limits of ± 2 points. The mean SMA 2 intra-rater difference was -0.10 (-0.6 to 0.4), with lower LOA -2.24 and upper LOA +2.04. Intra-rater difference between tests for SMA 3 intra-rater difference was -0.05 (-0.6 to 0.5), with lower LOA -2.48 and upper LOA +2.38. Intra-rater scoring precision fell within BA agreement limits of ±2 points. The results demonstrate that the RHS is highly reliable when used by experienced UK physiotherapists, and variability of test scores regarding inter and intra-rater reliability was confirmed to lie within ±2 points.


Assuntos
Atrofia Muscular Espinal , Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Criança , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Exame Físico , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/diagnóstico , Variações Dependentes do Observador
13.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-6, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411452

RESUMO

Objetivo: este estudo objetivou conhecer a vivência de fisioterapeutas com pacientes hospitalizados sob oxigenoterapia, bem como identificar os desafios vivenciados durante a sua intervenção. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo e transversal, realizado no período de setembro de 2021 a março de 2022, com fisioterapeutas atuantes em hospitais da cidade de Fortaleza-CE. A coleta de dados foi realizada de forma presencial e virtual pela plataforma Google Forms, por meio de um questionário com perguntas objetivas sobre vivência, intervenção e desafios durante assistência ao paciente sob oxigenoterapia. Os dados coletados foram armazenados no Microsoft Excel® 2010 e analisados pelo SPSS® versão 20.0, utilizando-se de estatística descritiva. Resultados: participaram do estudo 101 fisioterapeutas, 76,2% do gênero feminino, e 45,5% dos participantes eram graduados há 5 anos. Destes, 83,2% dos fisioterapeutas afirmaram que SpO2 < 90% é indicativo de oxigenoterapia. A maioria (79,2%) discordou da utilização da máscara de Venturi para pacientes com Covid-19 e apontou a cânula nasal de alto fluxo (39,6%) e a máscara reservatório não reinalante (40,6%) como as mais utilizadas. Entre os desafios enfrentados durante a assistência, a interação com a equipe interdisciplinar (25,70%), o desmame da oxigenoterapia (21,80%) e a indisponibilidade de recursos (20,80%) foram os mais relatados. Conclusão: grande parte dos profissionais atua indicando o oxigênio suplementar em situações em que há SaO2 < 90%, realizando avaliação à beira leito da cânula nasal de alto fluxo por meio do índice ROX e indicando intervenção fisioterapêutica.


Objective: this study aimed to understand the experience of physiotherapists with patients hospitalized under oxygen therapy, as well as to identify the challenges experienced during their intervention. Methods: it was a quantitative and cross-sectional study conducted from September 2021 to March 2022, with physiotherapists working in hospitals in Fortaleza-CE. Data collection was performed in person and virtually through the Google Forms platform, through a questionnaire with objective questions about experience, intervention, and challenges during care to patients under oxygen therapy. The collected data were stored in Microsoft Excel® 2010 and analyzed by SPSS® version 20.0, using descriptive statistics. Results: the study included 101 physical therapists, 76.2% female, and 45.5% of the participants had graduated for five years. Of these, 83.2% of physical therapists stated that SpO2 < 90% is indicative of oxygen therapy. The majority (79.2%) disagreed with the use of the venturi mask for patients with Covid-19 and pointed to the high-flow nasal cannula (39.6%) and the non-reinlantreservoir mask (40.6%) as the most used. Among the challenges faced during care, interaction with the interdisciplinary team (25.70%), weaning from oxygen therapy (21.80%), and unavailability of resources (20.80%) was the most reported. Conclusion: most professionals indicate supplemental oxygen in situations where SaO2 < 90%, perform an evaluation at the bedside of the high-flow nasal cannula from the ROX index and suggest physiotherapeutic intervention.


Assuntos
Oxigenoterapia , Lesão Pulmonar , Assistência Hospitalar , Fisioterapeutas , COVID-19 , Hipóxia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497993

RESUMO

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been used in physical therapy diagnosis and management for various impairments. Physical therapists (PTs) need to be able to utilize the latest innovative treatment techniques to improve the quality of care. The study aimed to describe PTs' views on AI and investigate multiple factors as indicators of AI knowledge, attitude, and adoption among PTs. Moreover, the study aimed to identify the barriers to using AI in rehabilitation. Two hundred and thirty-six PTs participated voluntarily in the study. A concurrent mixed-method design was used to document PTs' opinions regarding AI deployment in rehabilitation. A self-administered survey consisting of several aspects, including demographic, knowledge, uses, advantages, impacts, and barriers limiting AI utilization in rehabilitation, was used. A total of 63.3% of PTs reported that they had not experienced any kind of AI applications at work. The major factors predicting a higher level of AI knowledge among PTs were being a non-academic worker (OR = 1.77 [95% CI; 1.01 to 3.12], p = 0.04), being a senior PT (OR = 2.44, [95%CI: 1.40 to 4.22], p = 0.002), and having a Master/Doctorate degree (OR = 1.97, [95%CI: 1.11 to 3.50], p = 0.02). However, the cost and resources of AI were the major reported barriers to adopting AI-based technologies. The study highlighted a remarkable dearth of AI knowledge among PTs. AI and advanced knowledge in technology need to be urgently transferred to PTs.


Assuntos
Medicina , Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Inteligência Artificial , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498422

RESUMO

Among the plethora of instruments present in healthcare environments, the hospital bed is undoubtedly one of the most important for patients and caregivers. However, their design usually follows a top-down approach without considering end-users opinions and desires. Exploiting Human-centered design (HCD) permits these users to have a substantial role in the final product outcome. This study aims to empower caregivers to express their opinion about the hospital bed using a qualitative approach. For a holistic vision, we conducted six focus groups and six semi-structured interviews with nurses, nursing students, social-health operators and physiotherapists belonging to many healthcare situations. We then used thematic analysis to extract the themes that participants faced during the procedures, providing a comprehensive guide to designing the future electrical medical bed. These work results could also help overcome many issues that caregivers face during their everyday working life. Moreover, we identified the User Experience features that could represent the essential elements to consider.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Pacientes , Grupos Focais , Leitos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
16.
BMC Prim Care ; 23(1): 324, 2022 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36517744

RESUMO

AIMS: To examine the implementation of a physiotherapist-driven spirometry case finding service in primary care to identify new cases of COPD and confirm diagnosis of existing cases of COPD. METHODS: Four general practices were recruited. 'At risk' participants (aged ≥ 40 years, current/ex-smoker) and people with 'existing' COPD were identified from practice databases and invited to attend an assessment with a cardiorespiratory physiotherapist in each general practice. The physiotherapist performed pre/post-bronchodilator spirometry to identify or confirm a diagnosis of COPD (FEV1/FVC < 0.7). Outcome measures included number (%) of new cases of COPD, number (%) confirmed diagnosis of COPD and number (%) of high quality spirometry assessments with accurate interpretation. RESULTS: One hundred forty eight participants (mean age 70 years (SD 11.1), 57% female) attended a baseline assessment (117 'at risk', 31'existing' COPD) from 748 people invited. Physiotherapists performed 145 pre/post bronchodilator spirometry assessments. Obstruction on post-bronchodilator spirometry was confirmed in 17% (19/114) of 'at risk' and 77% (24/31) of 'existing' COPD. Majority of cases were classified as GOLD Stage II (63%, n = 27). Quality of pre/post bronchodilator spirometries for FEV1 were classified as A (68%), B (19%) and C (5%). CONCLUSION: Physiotherapists integrated into primary care performed high quality spirometry testing, successfully case finding 'at risk' patients and identifying potential misdiagnosis of obstruction in some 'existing' COPD cases. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ANZCTR, ACTRN12619001127190. Registered 12 August 2019 - Retrospectively registered, http://www.ANZCTR.org.au/ACTRN12619001127190.aspx.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias , Fisioterapeutas , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Broncodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/diagnóstico , Atenção Primária à Saúde
17.
Bull World Health Organ ; 100(11): 733-738, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36324559

RESUMO

Problem: Like most low- and middle-income countries, Viet Nam has a scarcity of rehabilitation professionals and lacks training programmes that meet international standards. Approach: In 2018, four Vietnamese medical universities, the Université Catholique de Louvain, the Université Libre de Bruxelles, the Humanity & Inclusion charity and World Physiotherapy agreed to collaborate on strengthening pre-service education for physiotherapists in the country. Local setting: Viet Nam has a favourable environment for nurturing rehabilitation services and education: development funds have been available; government investment is increasing; and rehabilitation education has existed for many decades. Relevant changes: The collaboration resulted in the establishment of: (i) a 4-year, competency-based, entry-level curriculum for physiotherapists (bachelor's degree); (ii) opportunities for continuing professional development; (iii) a 2-year master's programme for physiotherapy lecturers and clinical supervisors; and (iv) a national physiotherapy association. In addition, four students were supported in studying for PhD degrees. Strong collaboration and comprehensive and complementary interventions have laid the foundations for sustainable, high-quality, educational programmes for physiotherapists, which will improve access to, and the standard of, rehabilitation services in Viet Nam, thereby leading to better patient outcomes. Lessons learnt: Curricula for entry-level physiotherapy programmes should be competency-based, be actively managed by national educators and meet international standards while being responsive to local priorities. To strengthen the rehabilitation workforce, educators involved in teaching and supervising training programmes should have the skills and knowledge required. A national professional physiotherapy association should be established to provide continuing professional development for physiotherapists and to take part in international collaborations.


Assuntos
Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Vietnã , Currículo , Recursos Humanos , Estudantes
18.
Afr Health Sci ; 22(2): 573-580, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36407377

RESUMO

Purpose: This study is aimed to identify factors influencing patient's adherence to treatment in a bid to characterize the extent to which these factors are considered while developing a treatment schedule for patients with cerebral palsy in Nigeria. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study of physiotherapists involved in the care of patients with cerebral palsy. Factors influencing treatment adherence were assessed using a pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire. Participants were sampled from physiotherapists working at University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu State, Nigeria. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of percentage and frequencies. Results: A total of fifty three (31 males and 22 females) physiotherapists completed and returned the questionnaire. Participants (84.9%) agreed that patients occasionally forget to meet up with their appointment days; with majority of them agreeing that distance to the clinic and economic factor (cost of treatment and transportation) influence patient's adherence to treatment. Presence/absence of a caregiver and relationship between patients and their physiotherapist are also important factors influencing patient's treatment schedules. Conclusion: Distance to the clinic when compared to other (economic, patient-therapist relationship) factors is the major barrier to patient's adherence to treatment and therefore should be considered while developing treatment schedules for patients with cerebral palsy.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Paralisia Cerebral/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Nigéria , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
19.
Front Public Health ; 10: 986158, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388292

RESUMO

Introduction: Physical activity is essential for a healthy life and quality of life, representing a fundamental role in individuals' physical and mental health. Concomitantly, the physical therapist, through the promotion of physical activity and exercise, can improve mental health, an essential factor in the current pandemic, triggering anxiety, fear, and depression crisis. Objective: To verify physical activity among Portuguese physical therapists and its association with mental health during pandemic times. Methods: An online questionnaire was applied through social media to all Portuguese physical therapists between October 21, 2021, and January 14, 2022. It contained general characterization questions of the sample, the IPAQ-SF questionnaire to assess physical activity levels, the Goldberg General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), which assesses the levels of mental health and the WHO Well-Being Index (WHO-5) to assess the subjective wellbeing. Results: The sample totaled 286 respondents (82% female), with a mean age of 33. Of the total answers, 82% practiced physical activity, 45% had moderate levels of physical activity, and 19% vigorous. Physical therapists in these categories had lower values in the GHQ-28 and higher in the WHO-5. Those with better mental health also showed better subjective wellbeing (r = -0.571, p = 0.000). Conclusion: The data obtained showed that physical therapists mostly have moderate and vigorous levels of physical activity and that physical activity positively influences individuals' mental health and wellbeing, which proved to be a key factor due to the pandemic situation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Fisioterapeutas , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Masculino , Saúde Mental , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Portugal/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico
20.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 975, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lateral ankle sprain (LAS) is a common and burdensome injury. However, the quality of its management is scant. Nowadays, physiotherapy management of musculoskeletal diseases seems to be generally not based on research evidence. Studies that investigated the knowledge-to-practice gap in LAS management are yet to be carried out. Therefore, this research investigated physiotherapists' knowledge of and adherence to LAS Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) and recommendations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on an online survey structured in three sections. The first section collected demographic data. The second section showed two clinical cases (with positive and negative Ottawa Ankle Rules (OAR), respectively). The participants indicated which treatments they would adopt to manage them. Participants were classified as 'following', 'partially following', 'partially not following' and 'not following' the CPGs and recommendations. In the third section, participants expressed their agreement with different CPG and recommendation statements through a 1-5 Likert scale. RESULTS: In total, 483 physiotherapists (age: 34 ± 10; female 38%, male 61.5%, other 0.5%) answered the survey: 85% completed the first two sections, 76% completed all three sections. In a case of acute LAS with negative OAR, 4% of the participants were considered as 'following' recommended treatments, 68% as 'partially following', 23% as 'partially not following', and 5% as 'not following'. In a case of acute LAS with positive OAR, 37% were considered 'following' recommended treatments, 35% as 'partially following', and 28% as 'not following'. In the third section, the consensus was achieved for 73% of the statements. CONCLUSION: This study showed that although there is a good knowledge about first-line recommended treatments, a better use of CPGs and recommendations should be fostered among physiotherapists. Our results identify an evidence-to-practice gap in LAS management, which may lead to non-evidence-based practice behaviors.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Fisioterapeutas , Entorses e Distensões , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/diagnóstico , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/terapia , Tornozelo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...