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1.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(20): e878-e887, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030854

RESUMO

The talus is unique in having a tenuous vascular supply and 57% of its surface covered by articular cartilage. Fractures of the head, neck, or body regions have the potential to compromise nearby joints and impair vascular inflow, necessitating surgical treatment with stable internal fixation in many cases. The widely preferred approach for many talar neck and body fractures is a dual anterior incision technique to achieve an anatomic reduction, with the addition of a medial malleolar osteotomy as needed to visualize the posterior talar body. Percutaneous screw fixation has also demonstrated success in certain patterns. Despite this modern technique, osteonecrosis and osteoarthritis remain common complications. A variety of new treatments for these complications have been proposed, including vascularized autograft, talar replacement, total ankle arthroplasty, and improved salvage techniques, permitting some patients to return to a higher level of function than was previously possible. Despite these advances, functional outcomes remain poor in a subset of severely injured patients, making further research imperative.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Tálus/lesões , Tornozelo/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Substituição , Autoenxertos/irrigação sanguínea , Parafusos Ósseos , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Humanos , Osteoartrite/etiologia , Osteoartrite/terapia , Osteonecrose/etiologia , Osteonecrose/terapia , Osteotomia/métodos , Prognóstico , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Tálus/irrigação sanguínea
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e21755, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019385

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy, effectiveness, and safety of screw view model of navigation (SVMN) guided minimal invasive percutaneous pelvic screws (PPSs) insertion for lateral compression pelvic ring injuries (PRI). PATIENT CONCERNS: A female patient experienced a high falling injury, and presented with pain, swelling, deformity, and movement limitation of the left hip for 3 hours. DIAGNOSES: She was diagnosed with pelvic fractures, left iliac fracture, left pubic branch fracture, left ischial branch fracture, and lumbar transverse process fracture. INTERVENTIONS: We used a SVMN technique to guide PPSs insertion, including a percutaneous anterior inferior iliac spine screw, a percutaneous iliac screw (PIS), and a percutaneous sacroiliac screw (PSIS). OUTCOMES: In total, 3 PPSs were inserted and all were presented with excellent position postoperatively. The designing time of all screws was 11.7 minutes, the time of all guide needles insertion was 18.1 minutes, the time of all screws insertion was 32.8 minutes, blood loss was 21 mL, and the time of radiation exposure lasted 7.2 minutes. Moreover, surgical complications, including neurovascular compromise, wound infection, fracture nonunion, and screw loosening, were not observed during the 12 months follow up visit. LESSONS: SVMN technique guided PPSs insertion is an effective and safety approach for the treatment of PRI in selected patients. Besides, it is necessary for surgeons to master the rationale of computer navigation, to familiar with the anatomy of pelvis and to select suitable patients.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Adulto , Lesões por Esmagamento/cirurgia , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21696, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872043

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Lateral condylar fracture (LCF) of the humerus in children is one of the commonest elbow injuries in children. Early recognition of the problem and appropriate management usually yields satisfactory outcomes. Closed or open reduction with Kirschner-wire (KW) is a cost-effective choice of fixation method for displaced fracture. However, various other methods, including partially threaded cannulated cancellous screw and biodegradable pin (BP), have also been used. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of BP and compare its clinical outcomes with KW. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with LCF admitted from January 2008 to January 2016 at our institute were reviewed retrospectively. Baseline information and clinical data were collected from Hospital Database. Patients were divided into the KW group and BP group. RESULTS: In all, 85 patients (male 50, female 35) in the KW group and 76 patients (male 47, female 29) in the BP group were included in this study. The average age of patients in the KW group was 5.2 years, and that of BP was 5.9 years. No nonunion or malunion was observed in either group. At the last follow-up visit, there was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups with regard to elbow function and appearance. The incidence of long-term complications, including avascular necrosis, fishtail deformity, and lateral prominence, showed no significant difference between both the groups. The incidence of hardware prominence was higher in the KW (13/85, 15.6%) than BP (2/76, 2.6%) group (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Both KW and BP are safe and effective choices for LCF of the humerus in children. Both the implant designs produce satisfactory and comparable clinical outcomes. However, BP has the advantage of less hardware prominence, no need for hardware removal, and fewer long-term complications.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Fios Ortopédicos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Articulação do Cotovelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(9): 713-717, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878419

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of static staple in the treatment of metatarsal neck fracture. Methods: The clinical data of 34 patients with the 2(nd) to 5(th) metatarsal neck fracture admitted to the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tianjin Fifth Central Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Seventeen patients were treated with static staple and 17 with retrograde Kirschner wire.In solustaple group, there were 11 males, 6 females, aged 34.6 years (range: 21 to 50 years), 10 cases on the right side, 7 cases on the left side.In retrograde Kirschner wire group, there were 12 males and 5 females, aged 36.2 years (range: 23 to 53 years), 9 on the right and 8 on the left.The fracture healing time was recorded and the postoperative complications were counted.The American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) forefoot score, visual analogue scale (VAS), and the active flexion and extension range of metatarsophalangeal joints were measured to compare the clinical efficacy of the two groups.The data were compaired by t test, non-parametric or χ(2) test. Results: All patients were followed up for 14.2 months (range: 12 to 17 months).All the fractures were healed and there was no statistically significant difference between solustaple group and retrograde Kirschner wire group in fracture healing time ((11.2±2.1) week vs.(11.5±3.1) week, t=0.030, P=0.743).There was no statistically significant difference between VAS (1.00 (1.00) vs.1.00 (1.50) M(Q(R)), Z=-0.443, P=0.658) and AOFAS scores(90.9±5.3 vs. 88.6±6.1, t=1.174, P=0.249) at the last follow-up. The difference in active dorsiflexion((35.1±4.3)° vs.(31.2±6.4)°, t=2.055, P=0.048) and flexion range of motion ((34.7±4.5)° vs. (30.2±5.3)°, t=2.681, P=0.011) between the two groups was statistically significant. One case of open fracture in the Solustaple group had local skin necrosis, and three patients had metatarsal pain after weight-bearing walking. Four patients in the retrograde Kirschner wire group developed metatarsalgia after weight-bearing walking, and two patients developed mild dorsal extension contracture and joint pain. Conclusions: The treatment of the 2(nd) to 5(th) metatarsal neck fracture by static staple is minimally invasive and firmly fixed. It can effectively reduce the complications of tendon and joint adhesion, and is beneficial to the fracture healing and joint function recovery.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Pé/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Ossos do Metatarso/cirurgia , Adulto , Fios Ortopédicos , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Ossos do Metatarso/lesões , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22324, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991442

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Coracoid processes (CPs) fracture with acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation are extremely rare. This combined injury has brought many challenges to surgeons, and the mechanism underlying the injury is still not fully understood. There is no clear consensus on its treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we describe a CP fracture with AC joint dislocation in a middle-aged manual worker. DIAGNOSIS: Radiographs showed a fracture of the base of the CP and a third-degree AC joint separation. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated surgically with open reduction and internal fixation of the AC joint by LCP clavicle hook plate, and the CP was fixed with a 3.5 mm diameter cannulated screw. OUTCOMES: Three months after the operation, shoulder function was completely restored, and the affected shoulder had full mobility with no tenderness. Plain film radiography showed anatomical indications of the healing of these combined injuries. LESSONS: Although AC joint dislocation with CP fractures is extremely rare in adults, it is important to remind and remember that this possibility exists. In unclear cases, special radiographic films and CT are necessary. Surgical treatment of AC joint dislocation with CP fractures can provide solid stability and restore normal shoulder function with an excellent prognosis.


Assuntos
Articulação Acromioclavicular/lesões , Processo Coracoide/lesões , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Articulação Acromioclavicular/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Acromioclavicular/patologia , Assistência ao Convalescente , Placas Ósseas/normas , Parafusos Ósseos/normas , Processo Coracoide/patologia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redução Aberta/métodos , Radiografia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22088, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899086

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Bilateral posterior fracture-dislocation of the shoulders occurs rarely and the diagnosis is often challenging. This injury is often missed or delayed on initial presentation, leading to continuous pain, disability, and rising medical costs. Timely diagnosis and proper treatment are very important to restore shoulder function. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we report 2 rare cases. Case 1 was a 53-year-old physical worker with severe pain and limited shoulder movement after an unexpected fall. Case 2 was a 55-year-old man with pain in upper limbs and shoulders after an electric shock. DIAGNOSIS: Both of them were diagnosed as bilateral posterior fracture-dislocation of the shoulders by computed tomography (CT) scan. INTERVENTION: After systematic preoperative evaluation, both of them were treated with open reduction and internal fixation. OUTCOMES: After 16 months follow-up, case 1 was pain-free in both shoulders. He had returned to full activity and was satisfied with his level of function. At 24 months follow-up, both shoulders of case 2 were painless and stable with acceptable range of motion and he was able to carry out daily activities. LESSONS: Our case reports highlight that bilateral posterior fracture-dislocation of the shoulders is easy to be missed; one way to prevent missing diagnosis is to suspect cases with pain and limited external rotation, especially those with a history of seizures, electric shock, or severe trauma; appropriate history inquiry, physical examination, proper shoulder images are the key to correct diagnosis.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redução Aberta/métodos , Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Ombro/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Lancet ; 396(10248): 390-401, 2020 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scaphoid fractures account for 90% of carpal fractures and occur predominantly in young men. The use of immediate surgical fixation to manage this type of fracture has increased, despite insufficient evidence of improved outcomes over non-surgical management. The SWIFFT trial compared the clinical effectiveness of surgical fixation with cast immobilisation and early fixation of fractures that fail to unite in adults with scaphoid waist fractures displaced by 2 mm or less. METHODS: This pragmatic, parallel-group, multicentre, open-label, two-arm, randomised superiority trial included adults (aged 16 years or older) who presented to orthopaedic departments of 31 hospitals in England and Wales with a clear bicortical fracture of the scaphoid waist on radiographs. An independent remote randomisation service used a computer-generated allocation sequence with randomly varying block sizes to randomly assign participants (1:1) to receive either early surgical fixation (surgery group) or below-elbow cast immobilisation followed by immediate fixation if non-union of the fracture was confirmed (cast immobilisation group). Randomisation was stratified by whether or not there was displacement of either a step or a gap of 1-2 mm inclusive on any radiographic view. The primary outcome was the total patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE) score at 52 weeks after randomisation, and it was analysed on an available case intention-to-treat basis. This trial is registered with the ISRCTN registry, ISRCTN67901257, and is no longer recruiting, but long-term follow-up is ongoing. FINDINGS: Between July 23, 2013, and July 26, 2016, 439 (42%) of 1047 assessed patients (mean age 33 years; 363 [83%] men) were randomly assigned to the surgery group (n=219) or to the cast immobilisation group (n=220). Of these, 408 (93%) participants were included in the primary analysis (203 participants in the surgery group and 205 participants in the cast immobilisation group). 16 participants in the surgery group and 15 participants in the cast immobilisation group were excluded because of either withdrawal, no response, or no follow-up data at 6, 12, 26, or 52 weeks. There was no significant difference in mean PRWE scores at 52 weeks between the surgery group (adjusted mean 11·9 [95% CI 9·2-14·5]) and the cast immobilisation group (14·0 [11·3 to 16·6]; adjusted mean difference -2·1 [95% CI -5·8 to 1·6], p=0·27). More participants in the surgery group (31 [14%] of 219 participants) had a potentially serious complication from surgery than in the cast immobilisation group (three [1%] of 220 participants), but fewer participants in the surgery group (five [2%]) had cast-related complications than in the cast immobilisation group (40 [18%]). The number of participants who had a medical complication was similar between the two groups (four [2%] in the surgery group and five [2%] in the cast immobilisation group). INTERPRETATION: Adult patients with scaphoid waist fractures displaced by 2 mm or less should have initial cast immobilisation, and any suspected non-unions should be confirmed and immediately fixed with surgery. This treatment strategy will help to avoid the risks of surgery and mostly limit the use of surgery to fixing fractures that fail to unite. FUNDING: National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment Programme.


Assuntos
Moldes Cirúrgicos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Osso Escafoide/lesões , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Fixação de Fratura , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fraturas não Consolidadas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Osso Escafoide/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21573, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846766

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of tendon suture fixation versus cortical screw fixation for the treatment of distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injury.This study recruited 42 patients with Danis-Weber type B, C1 and C2 fractures concomitant with lower tibiofibular syndesmosis injury, who were randomly assigned to 2 groups according to treatment with cortical screw fixation (n = 21) and tendon suture fixation (n = 21). Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, time to full weight-bearing activity, medical cost, ankle function, and ankle pain were compared between the 2 groups.The operation time was significantly less with cortical screw fixation (57.1 ±â€Š5.3 min) than with tendon suture fixation (63.3 ±â€Š6.3 min; p = 0.01), but there was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss. The time until full weight-bearing was possible was significantly longer after cortical screw fixation (10.9 ±â€Š2.7 weeks) than after tendon suture fixation (7.1 ±â€Š1.9 weeks; P < .001). The medical cost was much greater for cortical screw fixation (1861.6 ±â€Š187.3 USD) than for tendon suture fixation (1209.6 ±â€Š97.6 USD; P < .01). The rate of excellent and good ankle function at 3 months after surgery was significantly higher with tendon suture fixation (71.4%) than with cortical screw fixation (33.3%; P = .03).Tendon suture fixation is associated with quicker recovery of ankle function, shorter time to full weight-bearing, and lower medical cost to the patient compared with screw fixation. Our findings suggest that tendon suture fixation is an effective method for the treatment of tibiofibular syndesmosis injury.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Adulto , Parafusos Ósseos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Técnicas de Sutura , Adulto Jovem
10.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(3): 572-579, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Closed metacarpal neck fractures are extremely common. The authors investigated resource use among those managed operatively versus nonoperatively. They hypothesized that considerable use of services and costs are incurred with nonoperative management. METHODS: The authors used the 2009 to 2017 Truven Marketscan Research Database to identify patients with closed metacarpal neck fractures and divided them into operative and nonoperative groups. They examined resource use, including imaging, clinic visits, surgery, and occupational therapy sessions, and performed a chi-square analysis of patient demographic data and resources used. RESULTS: Of 125,610 patients identified, 46,845 met inclusion criteria: nonoperative, n = 45,067 (96.2 percent); and operative, n = 1778 (3.8 percent). The operative group comprised percutaneous fixation (62 percent) and open reduction and internal fixation (38 percent) patients. Nonoperative patients had the greatest mean number of clinic visits, with 1.7 per patient, compared to 1.2 for both percutaneous fixation and open reduction and internal fixation patients (p < 0.001). For nonoperative patients, one to two radiographs (beyond the index radiograph) were obtained, and they had 2.9 occupational therapy sessions; in the operative group, two to three radiographs were obtained, and they had three to four occupational therapy sessions (p < 0.001). Mean total costs were $2406 per patient for percutaneous fixation, $3092 per patient for open reduction and internal fixation, $546 per patient for closed reduction, and $261 per patient for no intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Nonoperative management of closed metacarpal neck fracture has lower costs without the associated operating room, surgeon, and service fees; however, patient care remains resource intensive with the use of imaging, clinic visits, and occupational therapy. Shifts in the authors' treatment paradigm, including judicious use of services, will result in significant health care savings.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Ossos Metacarpais/lesões , Redução Aberta/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Ossos Metacarpais/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1082-1087, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731834

RESUMO

AIMS: Osteopetrosis (OP) is a rare hereditary disease that causes reduced bone resorption and increased bone density as a result of osteoclastic function defect. Our aim is to review the difficulties, mid-term follow-up results, and literature encountered during the treatment of OP. METHODS: This is a retrospective and observational study containing data from nine patients with a mean age of 14.1 years (9 to 25; three female, six male) with OP who were treated in our hospital between April 2008 and October 2018 with 20 surgical procedures due to 17 different fractures. Patient data included age, sex, operating time, length of stay, genetic type of the disease, previous surgery, fractures, complications, and comorbidity. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 92.5 months (25 to 140). Bony union was observed in all of our patients. Osteomyelitis developed in two patients with femoral shaft fractures, and two patients had peri-implant stress fractures. CONCLUSION: Treatment of fractures in OP patients is difficult, healing is protracted, and the risk of postoperative infection is high. In children and young adults with OP who have open medullary canal and the epiphyses are not closed, fractures can be treated with surgical techniques such as intramedullary titanium elastic nail (TENS) technique or fixation with Kirschner (K)-wire. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1082-1087.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Osteopetrose/complicações , Adolescente , Pinos Ortopédicos , Fios Ortopédicos , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Osteopetrose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteopetrose/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Amostragem , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20970, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There has been a paucity of cohort trials directly comparing multiple cannulated screws (MCS) and sliding hip screws (SHS) in femoral neck fractures at any level. Thus, a well-conducted clinical trial with an adequate sample size is urgently needed. We undertake a retrospective study to compare outcomes in patients who undertake MCS or SHS fixation for femoral neck fractures. METHODS: A retrospective review of femoral neck fractures performed with SHS or MCS between February 2016 and June 2018 was conducted with Institutional Review Board approval in the First Affiliated Hospital of Dali University of Orthopedic Trauma. All cases were performed by a single surgeon. Of these, we included 180 patients (90 hips) that were performed surgery in treatment of femoral neck fractures. All patients received the same standardized postoperative multimodal pain protocol and the same postoperative rehabilitation program. The primary endpoint was Harris Hip Score. Secondary outcome measures include operation time, length of hospital stay, incision length, patient satisfaction, and postoperative complications. Multivariate linear and regression analyses was used to identify independent predictors of outcome. A P-value of <.05 was defined as statistical significance. RESULTS: We hypothesize that both treatments provide comparable outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5638).


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Parafusos Ósseos/classificação , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e21250, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given this lack of conclusive outcome data, there are currently no clear guidelines to direct the treatment of displaced distal radius fractures in the elderly. This retrospective clinical trial was performed to compare the outcomes of two methods that were used for the treatment of displaced and unstable distal radial fractures in patients 65 years of age or older: METHODS:: This study was performed and reported in accordance with the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology checklist. Between January 2017 and May 2018, a total of 184 patients who presented to Huzhou Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital with distal radius fractures were extracted from the hospital database and evaluated for eligibility. This retrospective cohort study was approved by the institutional review board in our hospital. Outcome measures included Patient-Related Wrist Evaluation score, patient satisfaction, complications, and radiographic outcomes. SPSS software package (version 21.0; SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL) was used for all statistical analyses. RESULTS: The hypothesis was that the two groups would achieve similar functional scores and complications in distal radial fractures. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5689).


Assuntos
Fraturas do Rádio/terapia , Idoso , Moldes Cirúrgicos , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Imobilização/métodos , Masculino , Redução Aberta/métodos , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e21053, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629731

RESUMO

Internal fixation such as elastic stable intramedullary(ESIN) nail and submuscular plate (SMP) is gaining popularity for femoral shaft fractures in school-aged children. However, external fixation (ExFix) might be a valuable option for the distal third femoral shaft fractures, where the fracture heals rapidly, but it is crucial to avoid angular malunion. This study aims to compare the clinical outcomes, postoperative complications of distal third femoral shaft fractures in school-aged children treated by ESIN versus ExFix.Patients aged 5 to 11 years with distal third femoral shaft fractures treated at our institute from January 2014 to January 2016 were included and categorized into ESIN (n = 33) and ExFix (n = 38) group. The preoperative data, including baseline information of the patients, radiographic parameters, and type of surgical procedure, were collected from the hospital database, and postoperative data, including complications, were collected during the follow-up visit.In all, 33 patients (average, 8.0 ±â€Š2.1 years, male 20, female 13) in the ESIN group and 38 patients (average, 8.3 ±â€Š2.3 years, male 23, female 15) in the ExFix group were included in this study. There was significantly less operative time for the ExFix group (45.4 ±â€Š7.8 min) as compared to the ESIN group (57.8 ±â€Š11.3 min) (P < .01), reduced estimated blood loss (EBL) in the ExFix group (9.9 ±â€Š3.5) as compared to the ESIN group (16.4 ±â€Š6.5) (P < .01). As for the frequency of fluoroscopy, there was a significant difference between the ExFix group (13.9 ±â€Š2.4) and the ESIN group (15.5 ±â€Š3.2) (P = .02). The rate of major complications was not significantly different between the 2 groups (P = .19). The rate of implant irritation was significantly higher in the ExFix group (28/38, 73.7%) than the ESIN group (12/33, 36.4%) (P < .01). The rate of surgical site infection (SSI) is significantly higher in the ExFix group (18/38, 47.4%)) than the ESIN group (1/33, 3%) (P < .01). The rate of scar concern was significantly higher in the ExFix (9/38, 23.7%) than the ESIN (2/33, 6.1%), (P = .04). According to the Flynn scoring system, 30(90.9%) patients in the ESIN group and 24(89.5%) patients in the ExFix group were rated as excellent. None of the patients had poor outcomes.Both ESIN and ExFix produced satisfactory outcomes in distal third femoral shaft fractures. ExFix remains a viable choice for selected cases, especially in resource-challenged and austere settings.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Placas Ósseas/efeitos adversos , Fixadores Externos/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Assistência ao Convalescente , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Pinos Ortopédicos/normas , Placas Ósseas/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Diáfises/diagnóstico por imagem , Diáfises/patologia , Fixadores Externos/normas , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fixação de Fratura/tendências , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(14): 585-595, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692093

RESUMO

Effective fracture surgery requires contouring orthopaedic implants in multiple planes. The amount of force required for contouring is dependent on the amount and type of material contained within the plane to be altered. The type of contouring used depends on the desired plate function; for example, buttress mode often requires some degree of undercontouring, whereas compression plating may require prebending. Other reasons to contour a plate include matching patient anatomy either to maximize fixation options or to reduce implant prominence. Precontoured plates can be convenient and help to facilitate soft-tissue friendly techniques but have the potential to introduce malreduction if the plate position and fit are not carefully monitored.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos
16.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(3): 317-324, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498950

RESUMO

Percutaneous reduction and fixation of pelvic ring fractures is now widely accepted as a safe and effective treatment method. The only exception remains reduction and fixation of pubic symphyseal injuries. Several units from China and one from Spain have published clinical and biomechanical studies supporting percutaneous reduction and fixation of the pubic symphysis with various screw configurations. The initial clinical results are promising. Biomechanical data show there is little difference between plate and screw fixation. We review the current literature and also present a case performed by ourselves using this novel technique.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/tendências , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Ossos Pélvicos/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/tendências , Ossos Pélvicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Sínfise Pubiana/diagnóstico por imagem , Sínfise Pubiana/lesões , Sínfise Pubiana/cirurgia
17.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(3): 325-338, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498951

RESUMO

Minimally invasive surgical techniques are increasingly used for definitive treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. These approaches have been shown to minimize soft tissue injury, preserve blood supply, and decrease operative time. These methods can be applied to all calcaneal fractures and have particular advantages in patients with higher than usual risks to the soft tissues. The literature suggests that results of limited soft tissue dissection approaches provide equivalent outcomes to those obtained with the extensile lateral approach. We predict that as imaging and other techniques continue to improve, more calcaneal fractures will be treated by these appealing safer techniques.


Assuntos
Calcâneo/lesões , Calcâneo/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Pé/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/cirurgia , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Posicionamento do Paciente
18.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(3): 339-343, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498952

RESUMO

Pediatric spine trauma presents unique management challenges. These injuries are often the result of high-energy mechanisms and are associated with other serious injuries that can complicate surgical and nonsurgical approaches. The pediatric population presents a host of challenges related to patient compliance, healing challenges, and patient tolerance of therapy. Percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation, temporary fixation without fusion, continues to expand in its role of pediatric spine fracture treatment. Compared with open instrumentation and fusion, this technique addresses many of the previously mentioned challenges. Additional study is needed to evaluate the clinical utility of this approach in pediatric spinal fractures.


Assuntos
Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Parafusos Pediculares , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(21): e20276, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481306

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The most common fractures of the spine are associated with the thoracolumbar junction (T10-L2). And burst fractures make up 15% of all traumatic thoracolumbar fractures, which are often accompanied by neurological deficits and require open surgeries. Common surgeries include either anterior, posterior or a combination of these approaches. Here, we report the first attempt to treat thoracolumbar burst fracture (TLBF) with severe neurologic deficits by percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) and transforaminal endoscopic spinal canal decompression (TESCD). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 46-year-old Chinese woman suffered from severe lower back pain with grade 0 muscle strength of lower limbs, without any sensory function below the injury level, with an inability to urinate or defecate after a motor vehicle accident. Imaging studies confirmed that she had Magerl type A 3.2 L1 burst fracture. DIAGNOSES: Burst fracture at L1. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent PPSF at the level of T12 to L2, but her neurological function did not fully recover after the operation. One week after the injury, we performed TESCD on her. OUTCOMES: There was an immediate improvement in her neurological function in just 1 day after 2-stage operation. During the 6-month follow-up period, her neurological functions gradually recovered, and she was able to defecate and urinate. At the last follow-up visit, her spinal cord function was assessed to be at Frankel grade D. LESSONS: PPSF plus TESCD can achieve complete spinal cord decompression, promote neurological recovery, and is therefore an effective method for the treating lumbar burst fractures with severe neurologic deficits.


Assuntos
Endoscopia/métodos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Parafusos Pediculares , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Feminino , Fraturas por Compressão/complicações , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Humanos , Laminectomia/métodos , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico , Dor Lombar/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(23): e19602, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcomes of perpendicular and parallel plating for the treatment of distal humerus fractures. METHODS: Two investigators independently searched PubMed, OVID, and ScienceDirect databases prior to April 2019, without any limitations on language or publication status. The outcomes were union time, range of motion of elbow, Mayo Elbow Performance Score, and postoperative complications. Two authors independently performed a methodological quality and risk of bias assessment using Cochrane collaboration's tool. Data analysis was performed with STATA version 13.0. RESULTS: Six randomized controlled trials with 305 participants were included. The present meta-analysis indicated that orthogonal plating was associated with a longer union time compared with parallel plating. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups regarding Elbow function, Mayo Elbow Performance Score, operation time, reduction quality, or postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Both parallel plating and orthogonal plating are considered to be effective methods when treating distal humerus fractures. The results of this study found that parallel plating is superior to orthogonal plating in humerus fracture healing.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Placas Ósseas , Consolidação da Fratura , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
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