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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3100-3108, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329092

RESUMO

Strain GCL-8T and GCL-11T were isolated from Guanyinshan, a sandy beach on the Xiamen coast. Cells of the two strains were Gram-stain-negative, catalase-positive, oxidase-positive, rod-shaped and non-motile. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strains GCL-8T and GCL-11T belonged to the genera Roseovarius and Muricauda, with the highest sequence similarities to Roseovarius indicus B108T (96.5%) and Muricauda antarctica CGMCC 1.12174T (97.3%), respectively. The major fatty acids of strain GCL-8T were summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c/ω6c), C19:0cyclo ω8c, C16:0 and C17:0, while the major fatty acids of strain GCL-11T were iso-C15:1 G, iso-C15:0 and iso-C17:0 3-OH. The G+C contents of the chromosomal DNA of strains GCL-8Tand GCL-11T were 64.1 mol% and 45.67 mol%, respectively. The respiratory quinones of strains GCL-8T and GCL-11T were Q-10 and MK-6, respectively. The polar lipids of strain GCL-8T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid, three unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified polar lipids. The polar lipids of strain GCL-11Twere phosphatidylethanolamine, seven unidentified phospholipids and four unidentified polar lipids. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strains GCL-8T and GCL-11T represent two novel species within genera Roseovarius and Muricauda, for which the names Roseovariu samoyensis sp. nov. and Muricauda amoyensis sp. nov. are proposed, with type strains GCL-8T (=MCCC 1A11651T = KCTC 52430T) and GCL-11T (=MCCC 1A11649T=KCTC 52432T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Poluição por Petróleo , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(33): 9307-9313, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352784

RESUMO

Porphyra is one of the most consumed types of red algae. Porphyran is the major polysaccharide extracted from Porphyra, and it is composed of alternating 4-linked α-l-galactopyranose-6-sulfate (L6S) and 3-linked ß-d-galactopyranose (G) residues. ß-Porphyranases are promising tools for degrading porphyran; however, few enzymes have been reported, and the biochemical properties of porphyranases are still unclear. Here, a novel GH16 ß-porphyranase, designated as Por16A_Wf, was cloned from Wenyingzhuangia fucanilytica and expressed in Escherichia coli. Its biochemical properties and hydrolysis pattern were characterized. Por16A_Wf exhibited stable activity on a wide pH scale from 3.5 to 11.0. Glycomics analysis using LC-MS revealed that Por16A_Wf specifically hydrolyzed the glycosidic linkage of G-L6S, whereas it tolerated 3,6-anhydro-α-l-galactopyranose and methyl-d-galactose in -2 and +2 subsites, respectively. Por16A_Wf could be applied as a biotechnological tool for tailoring porphyran, which would serve in directional preparation of its disaccharide, producing products with various molecular weights and facilitating investigation of the structural heterogeneity of Porphyra polysaccharides.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/enzimologia , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Sefarose/análogos & derivados , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Biocatálise , Biotecnologia , Clonagem Molecular , Estabilidade Enzimática , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Peso Molecular , Filogenia , Porphyra/química , Porphyra/metabolismo , Sefarose/química , Sefarose/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(9): 2781-2786, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246165

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, MRS2T, was isolated from an intestine of Nile tilapia (Oreochromisniloticus) collected from the Republic of Korea. Strain MRS2T grew optimally at 30 °C and in the presence of 0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. A neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain MRS2T clustered with the type strains of Empedobacter species. It exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (98.5 %) to the type strain of Empedobacter falsenii and sequence similarities of 97.4-97.6 % to the type strains of two other Empedobacter species. Strain MRS2T contained MK-6 as the predominant ubiquinone and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 0 as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain MRS2T were phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified lipid and one unidentified aminolipid. The DNA G+C contents of strain MRS2T were 32.2 mol% or 30.65 mol%. Strain MRS2T exhibited DNA-DNA relatedness values of 12-20 % to the type strains of Empedobacter falsenii, Empedobacter brevis and Empedobacter stercoris. The average nucleotide identity values between strain MRS2T and five strains of E. falsenii and E. brevis were 84.8-91.0 %. The phylogenetic, genetic and differential phenotypic properties indicated that strain MRS2T is separated from Empedobacter species. On the basis of the data presented here, strain MRS2T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Empedobacter, for which the name Empedobactertilapiae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MRS2T (=KCTC 62904T=NBRC 113550T).


Assuntos
Ciclídeos/microbiologia , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Intestinos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Flavobacterium/genética , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
J Med Microbiol ; 68(8): 1167-1172, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Elizabethkingia meningoseptica is a multi-drug-resistant organism that is associated with high mortality and morbidity in newborn and immunocompromised patients. This study aimed to identify the best antimicrobial therapy for treating this infection. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted from 2010 to 2017 in a tertiary paediatric hospital in Singapore. Paediatric patients aged 0 to 18 years old with a positive culture for E. meningoseptica from any sterile site were identified from the hospital laboratory database. The data collected included clinical characteristics, antimicrobial susceptibility and treatment, and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Thirteen cases were identified in this study. Combination therapy with piperacillin/tazobactam and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or a fluoroquinolone resulted in a cure rate of 81.8  %. The mortality rate was 15.4  % and neurological morbidity in patients with bacteraemia and meningitis remained high (75 %). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with combination therapy of piperacillin/tazobactam and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or a fluroquinolone was effective in this study, with low mortality rates being observed.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/tratamento farmacológico , Fluoroquinolonas/uso terapêutico , Combinação Piperacilina e Tazobactam/uso terapêutico , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Flavobacteriaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Fluoroquinolonas/farmacologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Combinação Piperacilina e Tazobactam/farmacologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Singapura/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/farmacologia
5.
Environ Monit Assess ; 191(7): 469, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243556

RESUMO

Sapanca Lake is important as a source of drinking water. In this study, we aimed to detect the bacterial quality, the frequency of bacterial antibiotic and heavy metal resistance, and bioindicator bacteria in the water samples taken from Sapanca Lake in the period between 2008 and 2010. The resistance of bacterial isolates to certain antibiotics and heavy metal salts was investigated using disc diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration techniques. Bacterial metabolic reactions were tested using the VITEK 2 Compact 30 micro identification system for identification of cultivable bacteria. Twenty-seven bacteria species belonging to three classes-Gammaproteobacteria, Bacilli, Flavobacteria-were recorded for the first time in Sapanca Lake. The highest indicator bacteria were recorded as 71 ± 3.1 × 104 CFU/100 ml in the summer season. The highest bacterial resistance was recorded as 90.47% against vancomycin in a total of 84 strains. Ampicillin (88.10%) and amoxicillin-clavulanate (64.29%) followed them. The resistance varied between 10.71 and 59.52% against cefuroxime, kanamycin, aztreonam, ceftazidime, cefotaxime, and oxacillin. The highest frequency against heavy metal salts was recorded as 74.19% against NiCl2. The heavy metal resistance against Cu, Zn, Hg, and Cd detected as 52.38%, 46.42%, 33.33%, and 26.19%, respectively. The results showed that the occurrence of heavy metals and antibiotic sources in Sapanca Lake induced a tolerance in bacteria for the metal salts and antibiotic derivatives tested. The fluctuations in the indicator bacteria and the occurrence of pathogenic bacteria also showed the possibility that the coastal areas of Sapanca Lake had been exposed to contamination due to inadequate sewage treatment.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/fisiologia , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Metais Pesados/farmacologia , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Água Potável/química , Água Potável/microbiologia , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Lagos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Turquia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/farmacologia , Poluição da Água
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(7): 2089-2094, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091186

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, non-flagellated, non-gliding, yellow-pigmented, and rod-shaped bacterium with appendages, designated strain SM1704T, was isolated from surface seawater collected from the South China Sea. The strain grew at 15-42 °C and with 1-10 % NaCl. It hydrolysed aesculin, but did not hydrolyse gelatin and Tween 80 nor reduce nitrate to nitrite. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain SM1704T was affiliated with the genus Muricauda, sharing 94.1-95.9 % sequence similarities with type strains of recognized Muricauda species. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and the main polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, three unidentified lipids and three unidentified aminolipids. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain SM1704T was 40.7 mol%. On the basis of results from polyphasic analysis of strain SM1704T, it is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Muricauda, for which the name Muricaudananhaiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SM1704T (=KCTC 62797T=MCCC 1K03557T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
mSphere ; 4(2)2019 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944210

RESUMO

Elizabethkingia anophelis is an emerging global multidrug-resistant opportunistic pathogen. We assessed the diversity among 13 complete genomes and 23 draft genomes of E. anophelis strains derived from various environmental settings and human infections from different geographic regions around the world from 1950s to the present. Putative integrative and conjugative elements (ICEs) were identified in 31/36 (86.1%) strains in the study. A total of 52 putative ICEs (including eight degenerated elements lacking integrases) were identified and categorized into three types based on the architecture of the conjugation module and the phylogeny of the relaxase, coupling protein, TraG, and TraJ protein sequences. The type II and III ICEs were found to integrate adjacent to tRNA genes, while type I ICEs integrate into intergenic regions or into a gene. The ICEs carry various cargo genes, including transcription regulator genes and genes conferring antibiotic resistance. The adaptive immune CRISPR-Cas system was found in nine strains, including five strains in which CRISPR-Cas machinery and ICEs coexist at different locations on the same chromosome. One ICE-derived spacer was present in the CRISPR locus in one strain. ICE distribution in the strains showed no geographic or temporal patterns. The ICEs in E. anophelis differ in architecture and sequence from CTnDOT, a well-studied ICE prevalent in Bacteroides spp. The categorization of ICEs will facilitate further investigations of the impact of ICE on virulence, genome epidemiology, and adaptive genomics of E. anophelis IMPORTANCE Elizabethkingia anophelis is an opportunistic human pathogen, and the genetic diversity between strains from around the world becomes apparent as more genomes are sequenced. Genome comparison identified three types of putative ICEs in 31 of 36 strains. The diversity of ICEs suggests that they had different origins. One of the ICEs was discovered previously from a large E. anophelis outbreak in Wisconsin in the United States; this ICE has integrated into the mutY gene of the outbreak strain, creating a mutator phenotype. Similar to ICEs found in many bacterial species, ICEs in E. anophelis carry various cargo genes that enable recipients to resist antibiotics and adapt to various ecological niches. The adaptive immune CRISPR-Cas system is present in nine of 36 strains. An ICE-derived spacer was found in the CRISPR locus in a strain that has no ICE, suggesting a past encounter and effective defense against ICE.


Assuntos
Conjugação Genética/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Variação Genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Imunidade Adaptativa , Animais , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/genética , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Culicidae/microbiologia , DNA Intergênico/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/patogenicidade , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Genômica , Saúde Global , Humanos , Filogenia , Virulência/genética
8.
Microbiol Immunol ; 63(3-4): 111-118, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817020

RESUMO

Two gram-negative, catalase-negative, oxidase-positive strains (PAGU 1467T and PAGU 1468) isolated from patients with infective endocarditis were investigated to determine their taxonomic status. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the two strains were members of the Bergeyella-Chryseobacterium-Riemerella branch of the family Flavobacteriaceae. Strains PAGU 1467T and PAGU 1468 were highly related to each other (98.8% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). Phylogenetically closely-related species to PAGU 1467T comprised Bergeyella zoohelcum (95.0% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), Riemerella anatipestifer (94.3%) and Cloacibacterium normanense (94.3%). The major fatty acids of the two isolates were iso-C15:0 , iso-C17:0 3-OH and iso-C15:0 3-OH. The presence of C16:0 3-OH and iso-C15:0 2-OH allowed these isolates to be distinguished from B. zoohelcum. Menaquinone MK-6 was the only respiratory quinone in these organisms; this is a consistent characteristic of the family Flavobacteriaceae. The guanine-plus-cytosine content of the genomic DNA was 42.0%, which is higher than that of other close phylogenetic relatives. On the basis of their phenotypic properties and genetic distinctiveness, isolates PAGU 1467T and PAGU 1468 were classified within the novel genus Spodiobacter, as Spodiobacter cordis gen. nov., sp. nov., which is also the type species. The type strain of S. cordis is PAGU 1467T ( = CCUG 65564T = NBRC 109998T ).


Assuntos
Endocardite/microbiologia , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Humanos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(5): 1355-1360, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30806616

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped, agarolytic and carrageenolytic bacterial strain, designated UJ94T, was isolated from seawater of Uljin in the Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain UJ94T shared sequence similarities of 98.4, 96.1 and 95.4 % with Tamlana agarivorans JW-26T, Tamlana sedimentorum KMM 9545T and Tamlana crocina HST1-43T, respectively. Growth of strain UJ94T was observed at 4-37 °C and pH 6.5-8.0 in the presence of 2-9 % (w/v) NaCl. The major fatty acids of strain UJ94T were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH; MK-6 was the predominant menaquinone. Phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids and five unidentified lipids were detected as major polar lipids. The whole circular genome comprised 4 116 543 bp and had a G+C content of 35.2 mol%. The ranges of average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization estimated by genome-to-genome distance were 90.6-74.2 % and 47.6-14.6 %, respectively, with the type strains of T. agarivorans and T. sedimentorum. The present polyphasic study, including phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic, biochemical and genomic data, suggested that strain UJ94T represents a novel species of the genus Tamlana, for which the name Tamlana carrageenivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is UJ94T (=KCTC 62451T=NBRC 113234T).


Assuntos
Carragenina/metabolismo , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 112(7): 1077-1085, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30729398

RESUMO

A Gram-stain negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, and non-motile bacterium, designated strain CCMM003T, was isolated from a culture of the green alga Ulva prolifera. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CCMM003T belongs to the family Flavobacteriaceae and exhibits a close relationship to Pseudozobellia thermophila DSM 19858T (92.5%). Optimal growth occurred in the presence of 4% (w/v) NaCl, at pH 7.0 and 30 °C. The polar lipids of strain CCMM003T consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine and six unidentified lipids. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-6. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1 G, iso-C17:0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C15:0 2-OH). The DNA G + C content of strain CCMM003T calculated on the basis of the genome sequence was 41.2 mol% and the genome size was 5.9 Mbp. On the basis of data from this polyphasic study, strain CCMM003T is considered to represent a novel genus and species of the family Flavobacteriaceae, for which the name Ulvibacterium marinum gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CCMM003T (= MCCC 1K03244T =KCTC 52639T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Ulva/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/metabolismo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ulva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
11.
Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd ; 161(1): 43-57, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30602431

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Aquaculture is a rapidly growing field of food production of high economic importance. Bacterial infections are an important threat to aquaculture growth and also a common problem in ornamental fish. Some pathogenic agents and aquaculture production types are reported to be associated with increased disease. However, a detailed description of bacterial pathogens causing disease in Swiss aquaculture and ornamental pet fish is still missing. In this study we describe 1448 bacterial isolations originating from 1134 diagnostic laboratory submissions from farmed and ornamental fish in Switzerland for the period from 2000 to 2017. A strong seasonality was observed with submissions peaking in spring and summer. Bacterial isolations in fish submitted from organic farms were approximately six times more frequent than in conventional fish farms. Flavobacteriaceae, aeromonads and Yersinia ruckeri were the most common isolates from aquaculture, and motile aeromonads and Vibrio spp. were most often isolated from ornamental fish. The results of this study provide some interesting hypotheses, but further research is needed to better characterize risk factors for bacterial diseases in both aquaculture and aquarium fish in Switzerland.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Infecções Bacterianas/veterinária , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Aeromonadaceae/classificação , Aeromonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fatores Etários , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Infecções Bacterianas/mortalidade , Doenças dos Peixes/mortalidade , Pesqueiros/classificação , Pesqueiros/normas , Peixes , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Agricultura Orgânica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estações do Ano , Suíça , Vibrio/classificação , Vibrio/isolamento & purificação
13.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 25(1): 42-51, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30561316

RESUMO

Elizabethkingia infections are difficult to treat because of intrinsic antimicrobial resistance, and their incidence has recently increased. We conducted a propensity score-matched case-control study during January 2016-June 2017 in South Korea and retrospectively studied data from patients who were culture positive for Elizabethkingia species during January 2009-June 2017. Furthermore, we conducted epidemiologic studies of the hospital environment and mosquitoes. The incidence of Elizabethkingia increased significantly, by 432.1%, for 2016-2017 over incidence for 2009-2015. Mechanical ventilation was associated with the acquisition of Elizabethkingia species. Because Elizabethkingia infection has a high case-fatality rate and is difficult to eliminate, intensive prevention of contamination is needed.


Assuntos
Culicidae/microbiologia , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/epidemiologia , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ventiladores Mecânicos/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado , Meio Ambiente , Feminino , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(11): 3647-3651, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30303476

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, aerobic and orange-pigmented marine bacterium, designated strain L53T, was isolated from an oyster sample collected from the coast of Weihai, China (122.0° E 37.5° N). Growth of strain L53T occurred at 4-40 °C (optimum, 33 °C), at pH 6.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 7.5) and with 1.0-7.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain L53T was closely related to Bizionia echini KCTC 22015T (96.9 %) and Hanstruepera neustonica JCM 19743T (96.1 %). Strain L53T was located in a distinct phyletic lineage in a discrete clade associated with H. neustonica JCM 19743T. The DNA G+C content of strain L53T was 33.5 mol%. The sole menaquinone was MK-6. The polar lipids comprised one phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified aminolipids and four unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 0 G. Based on morphological, physiological and molecular properties as well as on phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain L53T should be placed in the genus Hanstruepera as representing a novel species, for which the name Hanstruepera crassostreae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is L53T (=KCTC 62247T=MCCC 1H00246T).


Assuntos
Crassostrea/microbiologia , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(11): 3447-3451, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222094

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and orange-coloured strain, designated LHR20T, was isolated from a marine solar saltern. The novel strain LHR20T was able to grow at 15-40 °C (optimum 33-37 °C), at pH 6.5-9.5 (optimum pH 7.5-8.0) and with 2.0-11.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 4.0-5.0 %). MK-6 was the sole respiratory quinone, and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The predominant polar lipids of strain LHR20T were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), aminolipid (AL), glycolipid (GL1) and two unidentified lipids (L1, L2). The genomic DNA G+C content was 35.0 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain LHR20T was a member of the genus Brumimicrobium and its closest relative was Brumimicrobium mesophilum JCM 14063T (97.5 % sequence similarity). The average nucleotide identity value between strain LHR20T and B. mesophilum JCM 14063T was 73.7 %. This evidence from phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses suggests that strain LHR20T represents a novel species of the genus Brumimicrobium. Therefore, the name Brumimicrobium salinarum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LHR20T (=KCTC 62372T=MCCC 1H00247T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Salinidade , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Microbiologia da Água , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(11): 3471-3478, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222095

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, moderately halophilic and aerobic bacterium, designated strain SDRB-Phe2T, was isolated from coastal sediment of the yellow sea in Sindu-ri, Republic of Korea. Cells were oxidase-positive, catalase-positive, rod-shaped and surrounded by a capsule with gliding motility. Colonies were yellow-coloured, circular, pulvinate with entire margins. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain SDRB-Phe2T formed a distinct lineage within the genus Maribacter of the family Flavobacteriaceae. Stain SDRB-Phe2T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 97.1-98.9 % to the type strains of Maribacterstanieri, Maribacterspongiicola, Maribacter forsetii, Maribacter dokdonensis, Maribacter aquivivus, Maribactercaenipelagi, Maribacterlitorisediminis, Maribactersedimenticola, Maribacterulvicola, Maribacter confluentis and Maribacter orientalis, and of 94.8-96.7 % to the type strains of the other species of the genus Maribacter. Strain SDRB-Phe2T contained MK-6 as the predominant respiratory quinone and iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) as the major fatty acids. The polar lipids of strain SDRB-Phe2T were phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified amino lipid and two unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content was 36.2 mol%. DNA-DNA relatedness values of strain SDRB-Phe2T to the type strains of the 11 phylogenetically related species of the genus Maribacter were 21.9-38.6 %. On the basis of the phenotypic features, phylogenetic and DNA-DNA hybridization analyses presented here, strain SDRB-Phe2T (=JCM 32373T=KCTC 62273T=DSM 106042T) represents a novel species of the genus Maribacter, for which the name Maribacterlitoralis sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
J Microbiol ; 56(9): 614-618, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30141155

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, non-motile, aerobic bacterium, designated strain IP7T, was isolated from seawater at the shore of the Incheon Eulwang-ri beach, South Korea. Cells of strain IP7T are straight or slightly rod-shaped and colonies are round, convex and orange-yellow. Strain IP7T is flexirubin-negative, mild halophile, catalase-and oxidase-positive, and produces a yellow-orange carotenoid pigment. Growth is optimal at 30°C, pH 7-9, and 2.0-4.0% NaCl (w/v). On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain IP7T is affiliated with genus Aestuariibaculum in the family Flavobacteriaceae, the closest relative being Aestuariibaculum suncheonense SC17T (98.3% sequence similarity). The DNA G + C content of the novel strain is 37.4 mol%. The only quinone is MK-6 menaquinone. Iso-branched C15:0, iso-branched C15:1 G, and iso-branched C17:0 3-OH are major fatty acids. The major polar lipids are phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminoglycolipid and two unidentified glycolipids. The DNA-DNA hybridization value of strain IP7T with Aestuariibaculum suncheonense SC17T is 28.87%. Based on the collective DNA-DNA hybridization, biochemical, phylogenetic and physiological data, we report a novel species of the genus Aestuariibaculum for which the name Aestuariibaculum marinum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IP7T (= KCTC 52521T = JCM 31725T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/fisiologia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/análise , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Especificidade da Espécie , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(10): 3266-3272, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30113301

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, aerobic and diffusible yellow-coloured bacterial strain, designated strain ECD12T was isolated from a seaweed, Ecklonia cava. The isolate required sea salts for growth. Catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain ECD12T formed an evolutionary lineage within the radiation enclosing the members of genera Spongiibacterium and Flagellimonas sharing the highest similarity to Flagellimonas eckloniae DOKDO007T (96.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) followed by Spongiibacterium pacificum SW169T (96.4 %) and Spongiibacterium flavum DSM 22638T (96.1 %). The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 1 G. The new isolate contained MK-6 as the only isoprenoid quinone and phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified amino lipids and two unidentified lipids as the major polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content is 39 mol%. A number of phenotypic characteristics such as the production of diffusible pigment distinguished strain ECD12T from the related species. On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, a novel species, Flagellimonas aquimarina sp. nov., is proposed for strain ECD12T (=KCTC 52351T=JCM 32292T). Based on the sequence similarity, phylogenetic relationship and common morphological, physiological and chemical characters among the members of the genera Spongiibacterium and Flagellimonas, it is recommended that the two genera are combined into a single genus. Thus, transfer of S. flavumYoon and Oh 2012 and S. pacificum Gao et al. 2015 to the genus FlagellimonasBae et al. 2007 as Flagellimonas flava comb. nov. and Flagellimonas pacifica comb. nov., respectively, is also proposed.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Feófitas/microbiologia , Filogenia , Alga Marinha/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(10): 3260-3265, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30156531

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-flagellated, motile-by-gliding, orange-coloured bacterial strain, designated strain IMCC20180T, was isolated from seawater collected off the coast of the East Sea in the Republic of Korea. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain IMCC20180T was most closely related to Winogradskyellaporiferorum UST030701-295T (95.7 % sequence similarity) and formed a robust phylogenetic clade with other Winogradskyella species, indicating that the strain was affiliated with the genus Winogradskyella. Growth of strain IMCC20180T was observed at 20-30 °C (optimum, 25 °C), pH 7.0-9.0 (pH 8.0) and with 1.0-3.5 % NaCl (3.0 %, w/v). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-6. Major fatty acid constituents were iso-C15 : 1 G, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c), iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C16 : 0 3-OH. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, four unknown aminolipids and five unknown lipids. The estimated genome size and the DNA G+C content of strain IMCC20180T were 3.1 Mb and 37.7 %, respectively. Based on 16S rRNA gene phylogeny, physiological and chemotaxonomic characterization, strain IMCC20180T represented a novel species in the genus Winogradskyella, for which the name Winogradskyellaaurantiaca sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IMCC20180T (=KACC 18883T=KCTC 52240T=JCM 31383T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Curr Microbiol ; 75(11): 1447-1452, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30128842

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, bacterial isolate designated 3BT, was isolated from a saline lake, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic investigation. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence clearly showed an allocation to the genus Confluentibacter with similarity ranging from 95.1 to 98%. OrthoANI values between strain 3BT and related strains of Confluentibacter (< 90%) were lower than the threshold value of 95% ANI relatedness recommended for species demarcation. Strain 3BT grew at 4-35 °C and pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, 28 °C and pH 6.5) and with 0-3% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0.5%). The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6 (MK-6) and the major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1 G, iso-C15:0 3-OH, and iso-C17:0 3-OH. The polar lipid profile of strain 3BT comprised phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminolipid, one aminophospholipid, and three unidentified lipids (L1-3). The DNA G+C content was 33.1 mol%. On the basis of morphological, physiological, and chemotaxonomic characteristics, together with the results of phylogenetic analysis, strain 3BT is described as a novel species in genus Confluentibacter, for which the name Confluentibacter flavum sp. nov. (type strain 3BT = CGMCC115960T = KCTC52969T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Cloreto de Sódio/análise , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/metabolismo , Lagos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo
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