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1.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(36): 20083-20094, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482893

RESUMO

The formation of amyloid aggregates is the hallmark of many protein misfolding diseases, including Type-II diabetes mellitus, which is caused by the fibrillation of amylin protein. It is established that nano-sized ligands such as curcumin, resveratrol and graphene quantum dots can modify protein aggregation rates. In this article, we report a comparative study of these ligands to estimate their protein aggregation rates and fluorescence quenching using various experimental techniques. Through light scattering experiments, the RH of bare amylin was found to increase at a rate of 43% per day, whereas in the presence of the ligands in different molar ratios (A1C10, A1R10 and A1GQDs20), the sizes of the complexes were found to grow at rates of 7%, 8% and 13% per day, respectively. We observed fluorescence quenching using photoluminescence experiments for all three protein-ligand complexes. The protein aggregation rate and fluorescence quenching exhibited a concentration-dependent competitive role in the inhibition process. Interestingly, for graphene quantum dots, the protein aggregation rate is more affected at lower concentrations, while fluorescence quenching dominates at higher concentrations; this is in contrast to curcumin and resveratrol, where fluorescence quenching dominates at all concentrations of the ligands in the complex. The FTIR data showed appreciable conversion of ß-sheets into less aggregation-prone secondary structures for all three amylin-ligand ratios; however, the inhibition performance of curcumin overshadowed those of the other two inhibitors. The inhibition behavior of these three ligands was corroborated by analysis of analytical and high-resolution TEM images of the fibrils.


Assuntos
Modelos Químicos , Agregação Patológica de Proteínas , Fluorescência , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/antagonistas & inibidores , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Polipeptídeo Amiloide das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão
2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(37): 20606-20612, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528919

RESUMO

In this work, the interaction between an Auramine O (AuO) fluorescent molecular rotor and natural DNA, its thermodynamic aspects and the resulting variation of the optical properties upon binding are addressed by a combined spectroscopic (UV-vis and fluorescence) and computational approach. DNA binding causes a shift in the maximum of absorption from 432 nm to 444 nm, a decrease of the extinction coefficient and a dramatic enhancement of fluorescence emission, these results being in agreement with intercalation into the polynucleotide helix. Intercalation is indeed confirmed by the thermodynamic parameters for the binding reaction (in particular, the highly negative ΔH). Theoretical modelling at the TD-DFT level was done on a simplified model system consisting of the AuO molecule intercalated between two DNA base pairs. The evolution of the calculated vertical transitions quantitatively reproduces the experimentally observed hypo- and bathochromic shifts, thus confirming the intercalation hypothesis.


Assuntos
Benzofenoneídio/química , DNA/química , Modelos Químicos , Análise Espectral , Fluorescência , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(37): 10470-10480, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469565

RESUMO

Foodborne nanoparticles (FNPs) produced by roasting have attracted the attention of people, owing to their safety risk to body health. Herein, we reported the formation, physicochemical properties, elemental composition, biodistribution, and binding with human serum albumin (HSA) of FNPs extracted from roast squid. The results showed that the FNP size gradually decreased from 4.1 to 2.3 nm as the roasting temperature changed from 190 to 250 °C. The main component elements of FNPs are carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen, and the carbon and nitrogen contents of FNPs increased with the roasting temperature rising. The surface of FNPs contained hydroxyl, amino, and carboxyl functional groups. The FNPs can emit fluorescence in ultraviolet light and show excitation-dependent emission behavior. Furthermore, it was found that the FNPs derived from roast squid could be accumulated in the stomach, intestine, and brain of BALB/c mice after oral feeding. Static fluorescence quenching of HSA was found by the Stern-Volmer equation and ultraviolet-visible spectrum analysis after interaction with the FNPs. After the addition of FNPs, the α-helix content of HSA decreased and the morphological height of HSA increased, which indicated that the FNPs could cause structural changes in HSA. The atomic force microscopy characterization showed the formation of nanocorona between FNPs and HSA.


Assuntos
Decapodiformes/química , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Albumina Sérica Humana/química , Animais , Culinária , Decapodiformes/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Tamanho da Partícula , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo , Distribuição Tecidual
4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(38): 10726-10733, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469953

RESUMO

A turn-on fluorescent probe, HOCD-RB, for monitoring singlet oxygen (1O2) was developed by linking rhodamine B as fluorophore with dimethylhomoocoerdianthrone (HOCD) as 1O2 reaction site and fluorescence quencher due to the intramolecular energy transfer (ET) between rhodamine B and HOCD moieties. Upon exposure to 1O2 it rapidly forms endoperoxide with HOCD and turns on the fluorescence of rhodamine B by 18-fold. Taking advantage of the HOCD-RB probe that shows fast response, high sensitivity, and selectivity for 1O2, it is applied for imaging of endogenous 1O2 in living cells and the fluorometric assay for evaluating 1O2 quenching activity of selected common flavonoids found in our daily diets. The results show that the 1O2 scavenging activity of flavonoids depends on not only the structure of individual flavonoid but also the competitive interactions between mixed flavonoids. The best antioxidant capacity for individual and mixed flavonoids is epigallocatechin gallate and the mixture of catechin gallate with kaempferol, respectively. Overall, this work provided a new tool for detection and imaging of singlet oxygen activity in a biological system as well as an efficient fluorometric assay of 1O2 scavenging activity.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Fluorometria/métodos , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Rodaminas/química , Oxigênio Singlete/química , Fluorescência , Estrutura Molecular
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(33): 9390-9398, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365249

RESUMO

Various pathogens may coexist in one sample; however, detection methods that rely on traditional selective culture media or immune agents designed specifically for a certain target are unsuitable for multiple targets. It is important to develop a simultaneous and sensitive detection method for multiple pathogens. Here, a multicolor and ultrasensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) platform based on the fluorescence hybridization chain reaction (HCR) was developed. In the assay, multicolor fluorescence concatemers formed as signal amplifiers and signal reporters in the presence of target pathogens. When HCR occurred, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella serotype Choleraesuis, and Listeria monocytogenes were detected simultaneously with three different fluorescences. Additionally, the limits of detection for E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella Choleraesuis, and L. monocytogenes were 3.4 × 101, 6.4 × 100, and 7.0 × 101 CFU/mL, respectively. The assay achieved ultrasensitive, specific, and simultaneous detection of three pathogens and can be applied to the detection of pathogens in milk samples. Therefore, this multicolor and ultrasensitive ELISA platform has great potential in the application of simultaneous detection of pathogens.


Assuntos
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Escherichia coli O157/isolamento & purificação , Listeria monocytogenes/isolamento & purificação , Leite/microbiologia , Salmonella/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Bovinos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/instrumentação , Fluorescência , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(70): 10404-10407, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402361

RESUMO

We established an efficient method for single-cell miRNA analysis by droplet microfluidics, which has high sensitivity of single molecule detection and high throughput. Single-cell analysis of multiple miRNAs in various cells shows that miRNA expression is closely related to cancer type. CTC analysis shows that the method is applicable for rare cell analysis.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Análise de Célula Única , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fluorescência , Humanos , Limite de Detecção
7.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(8): 884-887, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366837

RESUMO

We developed a simple and sensitive HPLC method for the determination of selenocyanate (SeCN-). The König reaction, which is generally used for the determination of cyanide and thiocyanate, was applied for the post-column detection, and using barbituric acid as a fluorogenic reagent made it possible to detect SeCN- with high sensitivity. The limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were 73.5 fmol and 245.1 fmol, respectively. Subsequently, the amounts of SeCN- in human blood and in cultured cell samples were analyzed, and no SeCN- was detected in human whole blood. Interestingly, we have found that some of the spiked SeCN- decomposed to cyanide in human whole blood. Ascorbic acid suppressed the decomposition of SeCN- to cyanide by reducing the ferric ion, which is typically involved in SeCN- decomposition. Then, SeCN- was detected in cultured HEK293 cells exposed to selenite. The established HPLC method with fluorescence detection of SeCN- is useful for investigating small amounts of SeCN- in biological samples.


Assuntos
Cianatos/sangue , Fluorescência , Compostos de Selênio/sangue , Células Cultivadas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/instrumentação , Células HEK293 , Humanos
8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(69): 10312-10315, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397446

RESUMO

Herein, we report a novel magnet-mediated antibody-boronate sandwich-typed assay (ABSTA) strategy for the ultrasensitive, specific, rapid, and enzyme-free detection of glycoproteins in complex samples. The proposed ABSTA method exhibited ultrahigh sensitivity for HCG with a detection limit of 0.19 mIU mL-1, which is approximately 40-fold lower than that of conventional sandwich enzyme immunoassay.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Imobilizados/química , Ácidos Borônicos/química , Gonadotropina Coriônica/sangue , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imãs/química , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Gonadotropina Coriônica/análise , Fluorescência , Humanos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Limite de Detecção
9.
Soft Matter ; 15(33): 6660-6676, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389467

RESUMO

The dynamic behavior of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) at high concentration provides insight into protein microstructure and protein-protein interactions (PPI) that influence solution viscosity and protein stability. At high concentration, interpretation of the collective-diffusion coefficient Dc, as determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS), is highly challenging given the complex hydrodynamics and PPI at close spacings. In contrast, self-diffusion of a tracer particle by Brownian motion is simpler to understand. Herein, we develop fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) for the measurement of the long-time self-diffusion of mAb2 over a wide range of concentrations and viscosities in multiple co-solute formulations with varying PPI. The normalized self-diffusion coefficient D0/Ds (equal to the microscopic relative viscosity ηeff/η0) was found to be smaller than η/η0. Smaller ratios of the microscopic to macroscopic viscosity (ηeff/η) are attributed to a combination of weaker PPI and less self-association. The interaction parameters extracted from fits of D0/Ds with a length scale dependent viscosity model agree with previous measurements of PPI by SLS and SAXS. Trends in the degree of self-association, estimated from ηeff/η with a microviscosity model, are consistent with oligomer sizes measured by SLS. Finally, measurements of collective diffusion and osmotic compressibility were combined with FCS data to demonstrate that the changes in self-diffusion between formulations are due primarily to changes in the protein-protein friction in these systems, and not to protein-solvent friction. Thus, FCS is a robust and accessible technique for measuring mAb self-diffusion, and, by extension, microviscosity, PPI and self-association that govern mAb solution dynamics.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Fenômenos Biofísicos , Difusão , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Modelos Químicos , Multimerização Proteica , Estabilidade Proteica , Soluções , Viscosidade
10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(35): 9934-9941, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402655

RESUMO

A fluorescence microscopic method for characterizing size, quantity, and oxidation of lipid droplets (LDs) in HepG2 cells was developed. LDs were induced by palmitic (PA), oleic (OA), or linoleic acids (LA) and stained with two fluorescent probes for neutral lipids and lipid peroxides. Each fatty acid increased the number of LDs and oxidized LDs (oxLDs) and the degree of LD oxidation time dependently, as well as increased intracellular triglyceride hydroperoxides. LDs induced by LA without 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane)dihydrochloride (AAPH) showed the most significant oxidation degree over PA and OA, especially in large LDs (area ≥ 3 µm2, oxLD/LD = 52.3 ± 21.7%). Under this condition, two food-derived antioxidants were evaluated, and both of them significantly improved the LD characteristics. Moreover, chlorogenic acid reduced the quantity of large LDs by 74.0-87.6% in a dose-dependent manner. The proposed method provides a new approach to evaluate the effect of dietary antioxidants on LD characteristics.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/química , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Antioxidantes/química , Ácido Clorogênico/química , Ácido Clorogênico/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Gotículas Lipídicas/química , Oxirredução
11.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 4931-4947, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371941

RESUMO

Background: Phototherapy, including photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT), is a promising noninvasive strategy in the treatment of cancers due to its highly localized specificity to tumors and minimal side effects to normal tissues. However, single phototherapy often causes tumor recurrence which hinders its clinical applications. Therefore, developing a NIR-guided dendritic nanoplatform for improving the phototherapy effect and reducing the recurrence of tumors by synergistic chemotherapy and phototherapy is essential. Methods: A fluorescent targeting ligand, insisting of ICG derivative cypate and a tumor penetration peptide iRGD (CRGDKGPDC), was covalently combined with PAMAM dendrimer to prepare a single agent-based dendritic theranostic nanoplatform iRGD-cypate-PAMAM-DTX (RCPD). Results: Compared with free cypate, the resulted RCPD could generate enhanced singlet oxygen species while maintaining its fluorescence intensity and heat generation ability when subjected to NIR irradiation. Furthermore, our in vitro and in vivo therapeutic studies demonstrated that compared with phototherapy or chemotherapy alone, the combinatorial chemo-photo treatment of RCPD with the local exposure of NIR light can significantly improve anti-tumor efficiency and reduce the risk of recurrence of tumors. Conclusion: The multifunctional theranostic platform (RCPD) could be used as a promising method for NIR fluorescence image-guided combinatorial treatment of tumor cancers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Dendrímeros/química , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanopartículas/química , Fototerapia , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Combinada , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluorescência , Células Hep G2 , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Indóis/farmacologia , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Oligopeptídeos/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Propionatos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(65): 9681-9684, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347618

RESUMO

Here, we report a convenient, fast labeling strategy for the imaging of cell surface sialic acids (SAs, nine-carbon monosaccharides located at the terminals of cell surface sugar chains). This strategy is based on the synthesis of sticky, furry and fluorescent "wool-balls", which are wound into nanoclusters from p-benzoquinone/ethylenediamine polymer "wires". With abundant amino groups at the surface, the wool-balls can easily stick to the C-7 aldehyde group generated at the ends of periodate treated SAs in less than 30 min.


Assuntos
Benzoquinonas/química , Etilenodiaminas/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Nanopartículas/química , Polímeros/química , Ácidos Siálicos/análise , Animais , Benzoquinonas/síntese química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Etilenodiaminas/síntese química , Fluorescência , Humanos , Camundongos , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Neuraminidase/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Polímeros/síntese química , Células RAW 264.7 , Bases de Schiff/síntese química , Bases de Schiff/química , Ácidos Siálicos/química
13.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 18(8): 1972-1981, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259994

RESUMO

Betalains are natural plant pigments found in certain plants belonging to the order Caryophyllales. This work presents theoretical calculations on the excited state properties of three betalains: betanin, an almost non-fluorescent natural betacyanin; indicaxanthin, a weakly fluorescent natural betaxanthin; and cBeet120, a synthetic betaxanthin fluorescence probe that is also weakly fluorescent. Calculations at the algebraic diagrammatic construction (ADC (2)) level of theory, combined with the conductor-like screening model (COSMO) to simulate solvent effects, predict absorption spectra in good agreement with experiment for all three of these betalains. Several distinct theoretical approaches identify torsions of the molecular geometry that can lead to conical intersections between the excited singlet (S1) and ground state (S0) potential surfaces and identify probable geometries at the minimum on the crossing seam (MXS). The present results thus emphasize the central role played by torsional modes in determining the fluorescence properties of natural betalains and of most synthetic betalain analogs as well. A direct implication of the results is that the fluorescence quantum yields of natural or synthetic betalains can potentially be enhanced by introducing structural modifications that permit the molecule to avoid these MXS geometries and/or by incorporation into a more rigid environment that hinders the specific bond rotations involved in the non-radiative relaxation of the excited state.


Assuntos
Betalaínas/química , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Betalaínas/síntese química , Caryophyllales/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Conformação Molecular
14.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 18(8): 2061-2070, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339127

RESUMO

Firefly luciferases have been widely used for bioanalytical purposes during the last 5 decades. They usually emit yellow-green bioluminescence and are pH-sensitive, displaying a color change to red at acidic pH and higher temperature and in the presence of heavy metals. Besides the usual applications as bioanalytical reagents and as reporter genes, firefly luciferases' pH- and metal-sensitivities have been recently harnessed for intracellular metal and pH biosensing. Previously we cloned the luciferase of the Brazilian Amydetes vivianii firefly which displays the most blue-shifted color among known firefly luciferases. Here we purified it, characterized and investigated the kinetic properties and the pH, metal and thermal sensitivities of this firefly luciferase. This luciferase displays the lowest reported KM for ATP, the highest catalytic efficiencies, and the highest thermostability among the studied recombinant beetle luciferases, making this enzyme and its cDNA an ideal reagent for sensitive ATP assays and reporter gene. The blue-shifted spectrum, higher thermostability, lower pH- and thermal-sensitivities and protein fluorescence studies indicate a more rigid active site during light emission. This enzyme displays an unmatched selective spectral sensitivity for cadmium and mercury, making it a promising ratiometric indicator of such toxic metals. Finally, the weaker thermal-sensitivity compared to other firefly luciferases makes this enzyme a better ratiometric pH indicator at temperatures above 30 °C, suitable for mammalian cell assays.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Cádmio/metabolismo , Vaga-Lumes/enzimologia , Luciferases de Vaga-Lume/metabolismo , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Temperatura Ambiente , Animais , Cádmio/química , Fluorescência , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Luciferases de Vaga-Lume/química , Metais Pesados/química
15.
Inorg Chem ; 58(15): 9956-9963, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290308

RESUMO

The research on luminescent lanthanide-functionalized covalent organic framework (COF)-based hybrid materials has not been reported so far. When a straightforward functionalized modification strategy is employed, a chemical stable Eu3+-modified COF hybrid material, Eu@TpPa-1, is first developed. The functional process does not affect the size and shape of TpPa-1, but after the introduction of Eu3+, Eu@TpPa-1 as a fluorescence sensor exhibits a turn-on response toward levofloxacin. Eu3+ plays a bridge role in the whole detection system, and TpPa-1 serves as a host matrix to provide protection for the introduced Eu3+. This reusable sensor shows strong pink-white and yellow emissions toward the high and low concentration ranges of levofloxacin, respectively. It displays excellent sensitivity and fast response to levofloxacin within 1 min, while refraining from the interference of other coexisting species in serum and urine. The good selectivity and high antidisturbance lead Eu@TpPa-1 to be successfully applied in serum and urine systems for sensing levofloxacin.


Assuntos
Európio/química , Fluorescência , Levofloxacino/sangue , Levofloxacino/urina , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Medições Luminescentes , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/síntese química
16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(58): 8402-8405, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257385

RESUMO

A proof-of-principle for the application of hemi-indigo derivatives as RNA binders with photocontrollable fluorescence is presented. The photoswitch binds to the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA with a significant light-up effect. The fluorescence of the RNA-bound ligand can be reversibly switched ON and OFF by light without destroying the ligand-RNA associates.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , HIV-1/genética , Indóis/metabolismo , RNA/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/efeitos da radiação , Indóis/química , Indóis/efeitos da radiação , Ligantes , Luz , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , RNA/genética , Elementos de Resposta , Estereoisomerismo
17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(58): 8466-8469, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265022

RESUMO

We presented a branch migration based PCR in which a branch migration blocker was introduced to selectively reduce the amplification efficiency of the wild-type target and enrich the mutant-type target. The low-abundance mutations could be enriched and then detected by high resolution melting, Sanger sequencing or fluorescent DNA probe.


Assuntos
Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , DNA/análise , DNA/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Sequência de Bases , Sondas de DNA/química , Sondas de DNA/genética , DNA Polimerase Dirigida por DNA/química , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Genes , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Mutação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(58): 8494-8497, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268095

RESUMO

A rational strategy was reported to construct boranil complexes (DPFB derivatives) with unique aggregation-induced emission effects by installing phenyl rings in the anil ligand as the intramolecular rotors. In view of the good biocompatibility and suitable lipophilicity, DPFB derivatives can serve as excellent fluorescent probes for specific imaging of lipid droplets in living cells and yolk lipids in zebrafish.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/química , Compostos de Boro/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Compostos de Anilina/síntese química , Animais , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Células HeLa , Humanos , Ligantes , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Estrutura Molecular , Peixe-Zebra
19.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111549, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302348

RESUMO

Light is a key factor influencing growth and development in plants. Specific irradiance and light quality can improve development and production of secondary compounds such as carotenoids during plant tissue culture. Bixin and norbixin, two apocarotenoids obtained from the seeds of Bixa orellana L. (annatto), are used as natural dyes in various industries. While annatto tissue culture has been successful, the effect of light in this species remains poorly understood. Here, we analyze for the first time the effect of irradiance regime (50, 150, 50 + 150, 200, 50 + 200 µmol m-2 s-1) and light spectral quality (fluorescent, white, blue/red LED) on in vitro development of apexes and bixin content in two contrasting bixin-producing varieties of B. orellana, namely 'Piave Vermelha' and 'UESB74'. The number of leaves per plant, stomatal density, leaf area, leaf expansion, chlorophylls and carotenoids content, malondialdehyde and bixin content were analyzed in the leaves of both cultivars. 'Piave Vermelha' produced 1.6-fold more bixin than 'UESB74'. Stomata cells of both cultivars had a paracytic arrangement with peltate trichomes along the adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces. 'Piave Vermelha' preferred blue/red LED light; whereas fluorescent light was optimal for 'UESB74'. Under fluorescent light, an irradiance of 50 µmol m-2 s-1 is indicated for both cultivars. LED light increased bixin content only in 'Piave Vermelha', suggesting that the dye biosynthetic pathway is genotype-dependent. The present findings suggest the possibility of using light to modulate the bixin biosynthetic pathway.


Assuntos
Bixaceae/metabolismo , Carotenoides/análise , Luz , Bixaceae/efeitos da radiação , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Clorofila/análise , Fluorescência , Malondialdeído/análise , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/efeitos da radiação , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(30): 16848-16858, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322152

RESUMO

A key utility of fluorophores lies in sensing applications: the detection of changes to emission caused by differences in their microenvironment. The rational design of fluorescent sensors remains a significant challenge because of the complexity of factors which control molecular deactivation pathways. Here, in an effort to define the structural criteria underlying the fluorescence turn-on response of Hoechst 33258 (H33258) upon binding to the DNA minor groove, we examine this sensor's intrinsic properties in minimalist microenvironments. We first characterised the intrinsic photophysics of gaseous mono- and di-protonated H33258 ions, then introduced intermolecular interactions by complexation with double-stranded (ds) DNA. Selected-ion laser-induced fluorescence (SILIF) and photodissociation of the gaseous monoprotomers indicate the presence of multiple populations with distinct fluorescence and dissociation properties. We assign one of these to a kinetically-trapped form which is protonated at the site favored in solution. The other form exhibits a more intense emission band which is shifted by more than 6000 cm-1 to the red of the first form. Quantum chemical calculations reveal that this second population is likely a newly-identified protomer, which is considerably more stable in the gas phase than conformations with the solution protonation site. Two routes that increase the fluorescence of H33258 in solution - formation of the diprotomer and complexation with dsDNA - do not produce an increase in fluorescence in the gas phase. However, two other outcomes parallel behaviour. First, the similarity of action spectra of the gaseous dsDNA-H33258 complex and the unbound diprotomer suggest that the dye may be diprotomeric when in complex with gaseous dsDNA. Second, the photodissociation power dependence measurements indicate the presence of at least two distinct populations of both H33258 in complex with dsDNA and in its unbound diprotomeric form. Overall, the results reported here reveal unexplored aspects of the potential energy landscape of H33258, including a new, stable, highly-fluorescent form that may be useful to consider in sensing applications. Moreover, the results reinforce how structure, deactivation pathways and other photophysical properties are intertwined for this DNA-binding dye, which may offer strategies for improved control of DNA-targeting drugs and sensors.


Assuntos
Bisbenzimidazol/química , DNA/química , Cor , Fluorescência
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