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1.
Urologiia ; (5): 50-54, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743431

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the possibility of performing minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) under ultrasound guidance with the use of X-ray during the access tract formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The results of 102 mini-PNL procedures, performed by a single surgeon during the period 2018-2019, were analyzed retrospectively. In the beginning, ureteral catheter Ch5 was put into an ipsilateral ureter. Further, a puncture of the collecting system was performed with an advancement of the guidewire. At the next stage, a dilation of tract was done using X-ray guidance for the safe formation of the working channel, followed by holmium lithotripsy. At the end a nephrostomy or JJ-stent was left. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 53.13+/-12.9, while average BMI was 29.3+/-6.5. In total, there were 44.1% of women. The average stone size was 20.7+/-10.9 mm; 45.1% of stones were left-sided. Staghorn stones accounted for 15.7% of cases and hydronephrosis was found in 18.6% of patients. The time for creating renal access, dilation of the nephrostomy tract, total operative time and fluoroscopy time were: 19.6+/-13.1, 7.7+/-4.2, 107.7+/-49.9, 57.1+/-41.2 minutes, respectively. In the Group I there were 32 (31.4%) patients undergoing to PCNL under X-ray guidance, while in Group II (n=70, 68.6%) combined US+/-X-ray control was used. The patients age (52.2+/-12.6 vs 53.6+/-13.2, p<0.05) and the stone size (20.6+/-8.9 vs 20.7+/-10.4, p=0.30) were comparable in both groups. There were slightly shorter access time and the total operative time in group II compared with group I (20.6+/-12.3 vs 19.2+/-13.5, p=0.27; 108.1+/-43.3 vs 106.9+/-53.2, p=0.25 respectively). In total, hematocrit level decreased by 4.5% and blood transfusions was done in 3 patients. Postoperative complications developed in 9 cases in both groups (according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, all complications were grade I-II). The stone-free rate (SFR) was 87.2%, and a second-stage was required in 2 cases. DISCUSSION: The use of ultrasound guidance improves visualization of the collecting system and contributes to the creation of an optimal renal access. It significantly reduces the radiation exposure to the patient and the operating team. We were able to puncture the collecting system in all cases. SFR after PCNL under ultrasound guidance was 88.6%, which is comparable to the results of conventional PCNL with X-ray navigation. CONCLUSION: PCNL can be performed effectively and safely under ultrasound guidance, which reduces the number of renal punctures and lowers the complication rate. However, this technique also has disadvantages, including longer puncture time in morbidly obese patients without hydronephrosis. With growing experience, the number of unsuccessful kidney punctures decreases, as well as operative time. The use of fluoroscopy during dilatation of the nephrostomy tract allows for preventing additional injuries of the collecting system.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Nefrostomia Percutânea , Obesidade Mórbida , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia
2.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 212: 106460, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fluoroscopic guidance is a critical step for the puncture procedure in percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD). However, two-dimensional observations of the three-dimensional anatomic structure suffer from the effects of projective simplification. To accurately assess the spatial relations between the patient vertebra tissues and puncture needle, a considerable number of fluoroscopic images from different orientations need to be acquired by the surgeons. This process significantly increases the radiation risk for both the patient and surgeons. METHODS: In this paper, we propose an augmented reality (AR) surgical navigation system for PETD based on multi-modality information, which contains fluoroscopy, optical tracking, and depth camera. To register the fluoroscopic image with the intraoperative video, we design a lightweight non-invasive fiducial with markers and detect the markers based on the deep learning method. It can display the intraoperative video fused with the registered fluoroscopic images. We also present a self-adaptive calibration and transformation method between a 6-DOF optical tracking device and a depth camera, which are in different coordinate systems. RESULTS: With the substantially reduced frequency of fluoroscopy imaging, the system can accurately track and superimpose the virtual puncture needle on fluoroscopy images in real-time. From operating theatre in vivo animal experiments, the results illustrate that the system average positioning accuracy can reach 1.98mm and the orientation accuracy can reach 1.19∘. From the clinical validation results, the system significantly lower the frequency of fluoroscopy imaging (42.7%) and reduce the radiation risk for both the patient and surgeons. CONCLUSION: Coupled with the user study, both the quantitative and qualitative results indicate that our navigation system has the potential to be highly useful in clinical practice. Compared with the existing navigation systems, which are usually equipped with a variety of large and high-cost medical equipments, such as O-arm, cone-beam CT, and robots, our navigation system does not need special equipment and can be implemented with common equipment in the operating room, such as C-arm, desktop, etc., even in small hospitals.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Animais , Discotomia , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Cardiovasc Ultrasound ; 19(1): 37, 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of right ventricular (RV) leads on tricuspid valve has been already raised concerns, especially in terms of prognostic implication. For such assessment, three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3D-TTE) has been used previously but there was no data on the use of post-procedural fluoroscopy in the literature. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 59 patients who underwent clinically indicated placement of pacemaker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Vena contracta (VC) and tricuspid regurgitation (TR) severity were measured using two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) at baseline. Follow up 3D-TTE was performed 6 months after device implantation to assess TR severity and RV lead location. RESULTS: Lead placement position in TV was defined in 51 cases.TR VC was increased after the lead placement, compared to the baseline study (VC: 3.86 ± 2.32 vs 3.18 ± 2.39; p = 0.005), with one grade worsening in TR in 25.4% of cases. The mean changes in VC levels were 1.14 ± 0.67 mm. Among all investigated parameters, VC changes were predicted based on lead placement position only in 3D-TTE (p < 0.001) while the other variables including fluoroscopy parameters were not informative. CONCLUSION: The RV Lead location examined by 3D-TTE seems to be a valuable parameter to predict the changes in the severity of the tricuspid regurgitation. Fluoroscopy findings did not improve the predictive performance, at least in short term follow up.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Ecocardiografia , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico
4.
J Med Invest ; 68(3.4): 326-329, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759153

RESUMO

Purpose : To evaluate the efficacy of the direct grasping technique using pean forceps under fluoroscopic guidance for ureteral stent replacement in women. Methods : Between April 2018 and September 2020, 28 female patients underwent ureteral stent replacements at our facility, and 184 stent replacement procedures were performed. A total of 127 stents were replaced using pean forceps under fluoroscopic guidance (pean forceps group), and 57 stents were replaced using the cystoscope (cystoscopy group). Clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes were compared between the groups. Results : All stents were successfully replaced. There was a statistically significant difference in the procedure time between the two groups (median [interquartile range], pean forceps group : 10.8 [8.2-13.9] minutes vs. cystoscopy group : 15.8 [11.1-20.9] minutes, P < 0.001). There were no intraoperative complications in either group and no difference in the incidence of postoperative complications (pean forceps group : 1.6% vs. cystoscopy group : 1.8%, P = 1.000). Fluoroscopy time was longer in the pean forceps group, although this difference was not statistically significant (pean forceps group : 38.9 [22.6-60.1] seconds vs. cystoscopy group : 33.0 [20.0-48.9] seconds, P = 0.0558). Conclusion : The direct grasping technique using pean forceps under fluoroscopy may be a beneficial alternative to cystoscopy for ureteral stent replacement in women. J. Med. Invest. 68 : 326-329, August, 2021.


Assuntos
Ureter , Obstrução Ureteral , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Stents , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Ureter/diagnóstico por imagem , Ureter/cirurgia
5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 924, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare intraoperative 3D fluoroscopy with a ceiling-mounted flat panel detector in plate osteosynthesis of distal radius fractures (AO/OTA 2R3C1.2) with volar locking plate systems to conventional 2D fluoroscopy for detection of insufficient fracture reduction, plate misplacement and protruding screws. METHODS: Using a common volar approach on 12 cadaver forearms, total intraarticular distal radius fractures were induced, manually reduced and internally fixated with a 2.4 distal radius locking compression plate. 2D (anterior-posterior and lateral) and 3D (rotational) fluoroscopic images were taken as well as computed tomographies. Fluoroscopic images, Cone Beam CT (CBCT), 360° rotating sequences (so called "Movies") and CT scans were co-evaluated by a specialist orthopedic surgeon and a specialist radiologist regarding quality of fracture reduction, position of plate, position of the three distal locking screws and position of the three diaphyseal screws. In reference to gold standard CT, sensitivity and specifity were analyzed. RESULTS: "Movie" showed highest sensitivity for detection of insufficient fracture reduction (88%). Sensitivity for detection of incorrect position of plate was 100% for CBCT and 90% for "Movie." For intraarticular position of screws, 2D fluoroscopy and CBCT showed highest sensitivity and specifity (100 and 91%, respectively). Regarding detection of only marginal intraarticular position of screws, sensitivity and specifity of 2D fluoroscopy reached 100% (CBCT: 100 and 83%). "Movie" showed highest sensitivity for detection of overlapping position of screws (100%). When it comes to specifity, CBCT achieved 100%. Regarding detection of only marginal overlapping position of screws, 2D fluoroscopy and "Movie" showed highest sensitivity (100%). CBCT achieved highest specifity (100%). CONCLUSION: As for assessment of quality of fracture reduction and detection of incorrect position of plate as well as overlapping position of the three diaphyseal screws CBCT and "Movie" are comparable to CT - especially when combined. Particularly sensitivity is high compared to standard 2D fluoroscopy.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Rádio , Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Fluoroscopia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Fraturas do Rádio/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia
6.
Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi ; 77(10): 1180-1185, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670925

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to establish a simple measurement method to verify the accuracy of incident air kerma (Ka, r) and air kerma area product (PKA) displayed on an over-couch-type X-ray fluoroscopy system. A dosimeter was located at the patient entrance reference point, and the irradiation field size was set to 10×10 cm. A lead plate was placed on the couchtop to protect the image receptor, and the duration of fluoroscopy was set to 1 min. The Ka, r was measured with the proposed method and the Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) method on three X-ray fluoroscopy units of different manufactures. The effect of backscattered X-rays from the lead plate was calculated using Monte Carlo methods. The errors of the displayed Ka, r and PKA to the measured Ka, r and PKA with our proposed method were calculated. There was no significant difference in the measured Ka, r between the proposed method and the JIS method in all units. The effect of backscattered X-ray was ≤0.5%. The errors of displayed Ka, r and PKA to those measured were in the range of 3.4 to 15.7% and -4.1 to 20.3%, respectively, which met the tolerance for accuracy of ±35% in accordance with the JIS method. We found that our proposed method was simple and that the accuracy of measured values was comparable to that of the JIS method.


Assuntos
Dosímetros de Radiação , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Método de Monte Carlo , Radiografia , Raios X
7.
Interv Cardiol Clin ; 10(4): 465-480, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593110

RESUMO

Mechanical complications after transcatheter aortic valve replacement are fortunately rare with the current generation of devices. Unfortunately, life-threatening complications will occur and it is the responsibility of operators to be familiar with strategies to prevent and manage these challenging scenarios. Because these cases will not occur often, it is important for us to highlight and talk about those that do occur, to learn best practices in how to manage and prevent them going forward. We can learn much from each other's good crash landings.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Fluoroscopia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos
8.
Orv Hetil ; 162(41): 1643-1651, 2021 10 10.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633985

RESUMO

Összefoglaló. A ritmuszavarok elofordulása gyakoribb a terhes nok esetén, mint a nem várandósok körében. A legtöbb esetben terápiás beavatkozás nélkül is kihordható a magzat. Hemodinamikai instabilitás és magzatkárosodáshoz vezeto fetalis hypoperfusio jöhet létre, amennyiben tartós, magas kamrai frekvenciával járó epizódok jelentkeznek. Ezekben az esetekben a ritmuszavar megszüntetése indokolttá válhat. Az antiarrhythmiás gyógyszerek korlátozottan és nagy körültekintéssel alkalmazhatók a gyermeket várók körében, így a katéterablatio jelenthet biztonságos és használható alternatívát. Ezen beavatkozásokat hagyományosan röntgensugár segítségével végzik, ez azonban az ionizáló sugárzásnak a magzati fejlodésre gyakorolt hatása miatt magas rizikót jelentene. Több éve elérheto a szív-elektrofiziológiában az ún. zéró fluoroszkópiás ablatio, mely a pitvarfibrilláció kezelésében és más ritmuszavarok esetében egyaránt alkalmazható. A terheseknél alkalmazott eljárást két eseten keresztül mutatjuk be. A röntgensugár használatát, a jelen cikkben bemutatott beavatkozások esetén is, sikerült teljesen kiküszöbölnünk. Az elso, 23 hetes gravid páciensnél recidív paroxysmalis supraventricularis tachycardia miatt végeztünk elektrofiziológiai vizsgálatot. E vizsgálat során atrioventricularis nodalis reentry tachycardiát igazoltunk és abláltunk sikerrel. Második esetbemutatásunkban egy anteroseptalis járulékos köteg katéterablatiós megoldását mutatjuk be. A terhesség során jelentkezo, az anyára és/vagy magzatára veszélyt jelento ritmuszavar esetén a háromdimenziós térképezo rendszer (szükség esetén intracardialis ultrahangvizsgálattal kiegészítve) biztonságos és hatásos alternatívát jelent, olyan esetekben, ha röntgensugár nem használható. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(41): 1643-1651. Summary. Arrhythmias are more common in pregnant women than in others. In most cases, the fetus can be delivered without therapeutic intervention. Hemodynamic instability and fetal hypoperfusion leading to fetal harm may occur if persistent episodes of high ventricular rate occur. In these cases, resolution of the arrhythmia may be advised. Antiarrhythmic drugs can be used with limitations and great caution in those expecting a child, so catheter ablation may be a safe and usable alternative. These interventions are traditionally performed using X-ray, however, due to the effect of ionizing radiation on fetal development, this would pose a high risk. Zero-fluoroscopic ablation has been available for several years in cardiac electrophysiology, which can be used both in the treatment of atrial fibrillation and in other arrhythmias. The procedure which we used in pregnant women is presented in two cases. We also managed to completely eliminate the use of X-ray during the interventions presented in this article. In the first case, a 23-week-old gravid patient underwent electrophysiological examination for recurrent paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. In the electrophysiological study, atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia was confirmed and successfully ablated. In our second case study, we present a catheter ablation for anteroseptal accessory pathway. Three-dimensional mapping system (supplemented with intracardiac ultrasound, if necessary), in the case of significant arrhythmia, is a safe and effective alternative where X-rays, which poses a risk to the mother and/or the fetus, cannot be used during pregnancy. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(41): 1643-1651.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Taquicardia por Reentrada no Nó Atrioventricular , Feminino , Feto , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Gravidez , Taquicardia por Reentrada no Nó Atrioventricular/cirurgia
9.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(10)2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684045

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Endothelial dysfunction is associated with exercise intolerance and adverse cardiovascular events. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is applied to treat elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis, but less is known about the impact of TAVI on endothelial dysfunction, which can be assessed by measuring flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD). In this parameter, a low value indicates impaired endothelial function. Materials and Methods: Vascular endothelial function was evaluated by FMD of the brachial artery just before and one week after TAVI. Factors associated with the normalization of FMD and their prognostic impact were investigated. Results: Fifty-one patients who underwent TAVI procedure (median 86 years old, 12 men) were included. FMD improved significantly from baseline to one week following TAVI (from 5.3% [3.7%, 6.7%] to 6.3% [4.7%, 8.1%], p < 0.001). Among 33 patients with baseline low FMD (≤6.0%), FMD normalized up to >6.0% following TAVI in 15 patients. Baseline higher cardiac index was independently associated with normalization of FMD following TAVI (odds ratio 11.8, 95% confidence interval 1.12-124; p < 0.04). Conclusions: Endothelial dysfunction improved following TAVI in many patients with severe aortic stenosis. The implication of this finding is the next concern.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Int J Cardiol ; 344: 47-53, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626744

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Distal transradial artery access (DTRA) has recently gained attention due to potential benefits in terms of local complications. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to evaluate the utility of DTRA compared to conventional transradial artery access (CTRA) for coronary angiography and intervention. METHOD: Multiple databases were searched from inception through May 2021 for all the studies that evaluated the efficacy and safety of DTRA in the coronary field. The primary outcome was the access success rate. The secondary outcomes were periprocedural local complications (site hematoma, radial artery occlusion, and spasm) and procedural characteristics (cannulation, fluoroscopy, procedure, and radial artery compression times). All meta-analyses were conducted using a random-effect model. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies (including four randomized control trials) with 1634 patients who underwent DTRA vs. 1657 with CTRA were included in the final analysis. The access success rate was similar between the two groups (odds ratio (OR):0.62; 95% confidence interval (CI):0.30-1.26; P = 0.18; I2 = 61%). DTRA was associated with a statistically significant lower rate of radial artery occlusion (OR:0.36; 95% CI: 0.22-0.59; P < 0.001; I2 = 0%) but similar rates of radial artery spasm and site hematoma when compared to CTRA. Regarding the procedural characteristics, despite having a longer canulation time (mean difference (min.) [MD] 0.89, 95% CI 0.36-1.42; P < 0.0001), DTRA was associated with shorter compression time and comparable fluoroscopy and procedure times. CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis demonstrates that the DTRA is effective and safe with superiority in preventing radial artery occlusion when compared to CTRA.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Radiat Prot Dosimetry ; 196(3-4): 153-158, 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595514

RESUMO

Currently there are limited diagnostic reference level (DRL) data for South African (SA) public sector cardiac fluoroscopy-guided procedures (FGPs). A 4-y retrospective study of dosimetric data on 6265 patients determined typical values (50th percentile) of dosimetric data for the seven most frequent cardiac FGPs at a SA teaching hospital. Kerma-area-product (KAP), reference point air Kerma (Ka,r) and fluoroscopy time (FT) were, respectively, calculated for coronary angiography (CA) (n = 1935; 61Gy.cm2, 624 mGy, 5 min); CA with left ventriculography (n = 1687; 85Gy.cm2, 840 mGy, 3.9 min), valve screening (n = 129; 6Gy.cm2, 164 mGy, 2.3 min), percutaneous coronary intervention (n = 1922; 145Gy.cm2, 1569 mGy, 11.9 min), pacemaker implantation (n = 432; 9Gy.cm2, 100 mGy, 6.5 min), pericardial tap (n = 115; 1.9Gy.cm2, 18 mGy, 1.5 min) and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (n = 45; 65Gy.cm2, 658 mGy, 14.1 min). This work presents the largest SA public sector cardiac FGP dosimetric data to date and provides a key resource for future work in this domain.


Assuntos
Hospitais de Ensino , Radiografia Intervencionista , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Doses de Radiação , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Am J Speech Lang Pathol ; 30(6): 2693-2699, 2021 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670101

RESUMO

Purpose Dysphagia is a common symptom experienced by patients with motor neuron disease (MND). The Yale Swallow Protocol (YSP) is a validated screening instrument for identifying patients at risk for aspiration. The purpose of this exploratory cross-sectional, multicenter study was to investigate how the YSP results in identifying aspiration risk in patients with MND in comparison with aspiration observed during a videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS). Method Participants referred for VFSS as part of clinical management were recruited from four specialized MND clinics. All participants were administered the YSP immediately prior to the VFSS by a speech-language pathologist, with results recorded as pass or fail. Aspiration on VFSS was determined using the Penetration-Aspiration Scale (scores 6-8). A 2 × 2 contingency table was constructed to compare results of YSP with those on VFSS. Results Thirty-one patients with MND (13 males, 18 females; M age = 64 ± 12 years) referred for VFSS participated in this study. Of the 22 patients who failed the YSP, interrupted drinking was the most frequent reason (65%). Compared to the VFSS, the YSP yielded a sensitivity of 80%, a specificity of 33%, positive predictive value of 36%, and negative predictive value of 78%. Conclusions The YSP is a simple tool and easy to utilize and has a high sensitivity in identifying aspiration risk in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. A future investigation with a larger sample size is needed to better investigate the utility of YSP as a screening tool for this population.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Doença dos Neurônios Motores , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Deglutição , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/complicações , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravação em Vídeo
13.
Rev Med Chil ; 149(4): 514-519, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an effective and safe option for low, medium and high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis (SAS). AIM: To analyze the clinical results and long-term survival of TAVI in our center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective analysis of 53 patients aged 73 ± 10 years with a Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score of 7.3 ± 3.9%. RESULTS: In 96% a transfemoral access was used and, in most patients, ProGlides™ as vascular closure device was used. General anesthesia and conscious sedation were used in 79 and 21% of cases, respectively. Fifty-three valves were implanted, 42 self-expandable (SEV) and 11 balloon-expandable (Edwards Sapiens). The implant was successful in 49 patients (92,4%). The transaortic gradient after TAVI was almost zero mmHg in all patients and one had a severe aortic regurgitation. Permanent pacemakers were needed in 17% of patients. Two patients had a pericardial effusion, and one had a major vascular complication. No strokes were recorded, and 30-day mortality was 3.7%. At long-term follow up (23.4 ± 21.6 months) the global survival was 85% and the rate of cardiovascular mortality was 5.9%. CONCLUSIONS: In this series of intermediate to high-risk patients, TAVI was associated with an excellent early and long-term survival.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1126): 20210478, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520223

RESUMO

Medical imaging professionals have an accountability for both quality and safety in the care of patients that have unexpected or anticipated repeated imaging examinations that use ionizing radiation. One measure in the safety realm for repeated imaging is cumulative effective dose (CED). CED has been increasingly scrutinized in patient populations, including adults and children. Recognizing the challenges with effective dose, including the cumulative nature, effective dose is still the most prevalent exposure currency for recurrent imaging examinations. While the responsibility for dose monitoring incorporates an element of tracking an individual patient cumulative radiation record, a more complex aspect is what should be done with this information. This challenge also differs between the pediatric and adult population, including the fact that high cumulative doses (e.g.,>100 mSv) are reported to occur much less frequently in children than in the adult population. It is worthwhile, then, to review the general construct of CED, including the comparison between the relative percentage occurrence in adult and pediatric populations, the relevant pediatric medical settings in which high CED occurs, the advances in medical care that may affect CED determinations in the future, and offer proposals for the application of the CED paradigm, considering the unique aspects of pediatric care.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Doses de Radiação , Lesões por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Proteção Radiológica/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Criança , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Monitoramento de Radiação/métodos , Radiação Ionizante , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Int Heart J ; 62(5): 1005-1011, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544979

RESUMO

Esophageal injury is a rare but serious complication of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. To minimize esophageal injury, our persistent AF (PerAF) protocol involves complete left atrial posterior wall (LAPW) and pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (box isolation), with a centerline away from the esophagus. However, there has been a concern that extensive LA isolation might deteriorate LA function. There has been a paucity of data on LA remodeling after box isolation. Therefore, we compared LA size pre- and post-box isolation with an LAPW centerline in patients with PerAF.Patients who underwent catheter ablation (CA) for PerAF between November 2016 and December 2018 were retrospectively evaluated.The LAPW, including all PVs, was completely isolated in 105 consecutive patients (75 men; mean age: 68 ± 10 years) with PerAF, including 58 patients with long-standing PerAF. During a follow-up of 660 ± 332 days, 76 patients (72%) were arrhythmia-free. The LA dimension (38 ± 6 mm versus 42 ± 7 mm; P < 0.0001) and volume index (38 ± 13 mL/m2 versus 47 ± 14 mL/m2; P < 0.0001) at 6 months post-ablation were significantly decreased in patients who maintained sinus rhythm compared to pre-ablation. In patients with recurrent AF/atrial tachycardia (AT), these parameters were also significantly decreased (P < 0.001, respectively).Box isolation with a posterior centerline has no esophageal complications and a high clinical success rate in patients with PerAF. Reverse remodeling could be achieved even when using extensive isolation of the PV and LAPW in patients with PerAF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Remodelamento Atrial/fisiologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Esôfago/etiologia , Esôfago/lesões , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/instrumentação , Ablação por Cateter/estatística & dados numéricos , Ablação por Cateter/tendências , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Doenças do Esôfago/prevenção & controle , Esôfago/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Seguimentos , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 45(5): 678-683, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546677

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the image quality, image artifacts, radiologist confidence, and ability to provide definitive diagnosis for all patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed after an abdominal fluoroscopic examination and to determine the utility of MRI in this setting. METHODS: Thirty-one MRI examinations performed a median of 2 days after fluoroscopic bowel evaluation (barium, n = 13; iodine, n = 18), 20 within 3 days of MRI, were retrospectively reviewed. The image quality, artifact emanating from bowel, inhomogeneity artifact, radiologist confidence, ability to render a definitive diagnosis, and identification of emergent or important findings for all MRI examinations were assessed. These same features were evaluated on 5 computed tomographies performed after fluoroscopy (before the MRI) in the same cohort. RESULTS: All 31 MRI examinations performed after fluoroscopic studies with concentrated barium or iodine solutions were diagnostic for answering the clinical question according to radiologist and report review, regardless of magnet strength and type of fluoroscopic contrast ingested. Magnetic resonance imaging after fluoroscopy had excellent overall image quality (mean score, 4.74/5), minimal to no artifact emanating from bowel (mean, 4.63/5), minimal inhomogeneity artifact (mean, 4.38/5), and excellent diagnostic confidence (mean, 4.98/5). No additional imaging was necessary for diagnosis after MRI. Computed tomography after fluoroscopy had lower overall image quality, more image artifacts, and lower diagnostic confidence (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging is a useful tool for evaluating patients with retained concentrated enteric contrast from recent fluoroscopic examinations. In the absence of contraindication, MRI should be considered in the evaluation of urgent clinical problems in patients who recently underwent a fluoroscopic bowel evaluation.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/farmacocinética , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Enteropatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica/métodos , Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Artefatos , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Humanos , Intestinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Acta Orthop Belg ; 87(2): 305-311, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529385

RESUMO

There is no study that has compared the radiation exposure during short (Short PFN) and long proximal femoral nailing (Long PFN) for 31A2 intertrochanteric hip fractures. The objective of the present study was to compare the radiation exposure time in short and long proximal femoral nail during the treatment of 31A2 intertrochanteric hip fractures. This prospective cohort study was carried out in a University teaching hospital. Sixty one consecutive patients with 31A2 intertrochanteric femur fracture treated with proximal femoral nail were included in the study. The distal locking in the short PFN was performed using the locking zig and distal locking in the long PFN was performed using the free hand perfect circle technique. The same mobile image intensifier (Multimobil 5E, Siemens, Erlangen, Germany) was used in the entire study. The outcome measure was the fluoroscopy exposure time (seconds) which was measured directly from the image intensifier. Thirty patients underwent fixation with short PFN and 31 patients underwent fixation using long PFN. The mean fluoroscopy exposure time in short PFN cohort was 189.5 seconds ± 26 (range : 150-250 seconds) and the mean fluoroscopy exposure time in long PFN cohort was 283.4 seconds ± 43.8 (range : 200-400 seconds). The mean fluoroscopy exposure time was 93.9 seconds shorter in the short PFN cohort and this difference was statistically significant (p & 0.0001 ; 95% CI : 75.4 to 112.3). The radiation exposure to the operating team is significantly less during treatment with short PFN in 31A2 intertrochanteric fractures.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Pinos Ortopédicos , Fluoroscopia , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
20.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 45(5): 704-710, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469902

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess self-reported breast cancer prevalence potentially associated with occupational radiation exposure from fluoroscopy-guided procedures in female physicians using current standard protection measures. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved survey was shared as a link to self-identified female physicians. We compared self-reported prevalence of breast cancer among women physicians with longer than 10 years of postfellowship practice in specialties with heavy fluoroscopy exposure versus specialties with low fluoroscopy exposure. We compared the distribution of breast cancer risk factors and personal radiation safety measures. RESULTS: A total of 303 women physicians participated in the survey. There were 8 (16%) of 49 from the first study group and 8 (18%) of 44 from the second study group who self-reported a diagnosis of breast cancer. There were no differences in the distribution of breast cancer risk factors between the 2 groups or prevalence of breast cancer (P = 0.81). CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported breast cancer prevalence is similar between women physicians who are practicing fluoroscopically heavy and light medical specialties.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição à Radiação/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiografia Intervencionista/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos
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