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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(5): e23193, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592819

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic discectomy (TF-PELD) and interlaminar percutaneous endoscopic discectomy (IL-PELD) are the most common alternative treatments of lumbar disc herniation. The aim of this study was to compare the operation time duration and X-ray exposure as well as outcomes of TF-PELD and IL-PELD as indicated by the published clinical evidences within randomized trials. METHODS: We included randomized, controlled studies reporting operation duration and X-ray exposure as well as clinical outcome evaluations, comparing TF-PELD to IL-PELD with a minimum of 10 patients per group. The included data measures were operation duration, X-ray exposure and postoperation evaluations. Data were synthesized and analyzed using ReviewManager version 5.3. Publication bias was evaluated via funnel plot. The Cochran Q test and the degree of inconsistency (I2) were used to assess heterogeneity. Lowly biased and heterogenous dichotomous data were calculated by odds ratio and continuous data were calculated by mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: Thirteen studies published from January 1970 to March 2018, with a total of 770 lumbar disc herniation patients, including 361 cases of TF-PELD and 409 cases of IL-PELD, were finally included. Meta-analysis of data extracted from these studies revealed that the postoperation outcomes of both surgery methods did not differ significantly, but the surgery duration was significantly shorter in the IL-PELD group than in the TF-PELD group (MD 21.69; 95% CI 12.94-30.27; P = .00001), and the fluoroscopy times demanded in the IL-PELD group was significantly fewer than those in the TF-PELD group (MD 7.57; 95% CI 6.22-8.93; P = .00001). CONCLUSION: The main finding of the study is that IL-PELD approach can decrease radiation exposure as their demanded duration of operation and fluoroscopy times were significantly shorter and fewer in the IL-PELD group, which they achieve similar outcomes comparing to TF-PELD. The study is limited at a lack of samples with lumbar disc herniation levels out of L5/S1. The findings implicate selection of IL-PELD approach over TF-PELD at applicable circumstances for lower lumbar disc herniation. Physicians should consider this data when choosing between TF-PELD and IL-PELD.


Assuntos
Discotomia Percutânea/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e21053, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629731

RESUMO

Internal fixation such as elastic stable intramedullary(ESIN) nail and submuscular plate (SMP) is gaining popularity for femoral shaft fractures in school-aged children. However, external fixation (ExFix) might be a valuable option for the distal third femoral shaft fractures, where the fracture heals rapidly, but it is crucial to avoid angular malunion. This study aims to compare the clinical outcomes, postoperative complications of distal third femoral shaft fractures in school-aged children treated by ESIN versus ExFix.Patients aged 5 to 11 years with distal third femoral shaft fractures treated at our institute from January 2014 to January 2016 were included and categorized into ESIN (n = 33) and ExFix (n = 38) group. The preoperative data, including baseline information of the patients, radiographic parameters, and type of surgical procedure, were collected from the hospital database, and postoperative data, including complications, were collected during the follow-up visit.In all, 33 patients (average, 8.0 ±â€Š2.1 years, male 20, female 13) in the ESIN group and 38 patients (average, 8.3 ±â€Š2.3 years, male 23, female 15) in the ExFix group were included in this study. There was significantly less operative time for the ExFix group (45.4 ±â€Š7.8 min) as compared to the ESIN group (57.8 ±â€Š11.3 min) (P < .01), reduced estimated blood loss (EBL) in the ExFix group (9.9 ±â€Š3.5) as compared to the ESIN group (16.4 ±â€Š6.5) (P < .01). As for the frequency of fluoroscopy, there was a significant difference between the ExFix group (13.9 ±â€Š2.4) and the ESIN group (15.5 ±â€Š3.2) (P = .02). The rate of major complications was not significantly different between the 2 groups (P = .19). The rate of implant irritation was significantly higher in the ExFix group (28/38, 73.7%) than the ESIN group (12/33, 36.4%) (P < .01). The rate of surgical site infection (SSI) is significantly higher in the ExFix group (18/38, 47.4%)) than the ESIN group (1/33, 3%) (P < .01). The rate of scar concern was significantly higher in the ExFix (9/38, 23.7%) than the ESIN (2/33, 6.1%), (P = .04). According to the Flynn scoring system, 30(90.9%) patients in the ESIN group and 24(89.5%) patients in the ExFix group were rated as excellent. None of the patients had poor outcomes.Both ESIN and ExFix produced satisfactory outcomes in distal third femoral shaft fractures. ExFix remains a viable choice for selected cases, especially in resource-challenged and austere settings.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Placas Ósseas/efeitos adversos , Fixadores Externos/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Assistência ao Convalescente , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Pinos Ortopédicos/normas , Placas Ósseas/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Diáfises/diagnóstico por imagem , Diáfises/patologia , Fixadores Externos/normas , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fixação de Fratura/tendências , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Jt Dis Relat Surg ; 31(2): 320-327, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the results of internal fixation with dynamic hip screw (DHS)/antirotation screw and conventional cannulated screw (CS) for femoral neck fracture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included a total of 78 patients (57 males, 21 females) with collum femoris fractures treated with internal fixation between January 2015 and January 2019. Group 1 comprised 41 patients with a mean age of 45.7 years (range, 19 to 62 years) treated with DHSs/antirotation screws, while group 2 comprised 37 patients with a mean age of 41.9 years (range, 17 to 75 years) treated with CSs. The patients were evaluated for union, avascular necrosis (AVN), femoral neck shortness, operation time, duration of fluoroscopy exposure, and functional outcomes. RESULTS: Age, gender, and Garden classification stages were similar in both groups. No significant difference was found between the groups in respect of AVN and non-union rates. The non-union rate was 12.2% in group 1 and 21.6% in group 2 (p>0.05). The duration of fluoroscopy exposure was statistically significantly higher in group 2 (p=0.001) and the operation time was statistically significantly longer in group 1 (p=0.001). In group 2, femoral neck shortness stature was significantly higher (p=0.007). At the final follow-up examination, the Harris hip score was statistically significantly higher in group 1 (p=0.04). CONCLUSION: Dynamic hip screw/antirotation screw was a more relevant treatment method for transcervical femoral neck fractures compared to CS with more favorable functional outcomes and less fluoroscopy exposure.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Osteonecrose , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto , Parafusos Ósseos/efeitos adversos , Parafusos Ósseos/classificação , Parafusos Ósseos/normas , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Osteonecrose/etiologia , Osteonecrose/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(24): e20432, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541464

RESUMO

To ascertain the relationship between the perimetric differences obtained between the limbs and the type of fluoroscopic pattern observed by Indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography in patients with upper limb lymphedema.A correlational descriptive study was carried out in 19 patients with upper limb lymphedema secondary to breast cancer. The perimetric increase was recorded in 11 anatomical regions after ICG injection, fluoroscopic patterns were identified using an infrared camera. The ICG patterns were categorized into worse (stardust, diffuse) or better (linear, splash) patterns.The pattern coincidence between the anterior and posterior regions of the edematous extremities was 45%. At the wrist level, a difference of 2 cm was associated with the presence of a worse fluoroscopic pattern, whereas perimeter differences of 4.25 cm in the elbow and 2.25 cm in the arm (12 cm from the epicondyle) were associated with the presence of a better fluoroscopic pattern.The perimetric differences observed between the healthy and affected upper limbs in 4 specific anatomical areas allowed us to predict the type of fluoroscopic pattern. ICG lymphography has facilitated the study of the posterior regions of edema, which are difficult to visualize using other imaging techniques.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina/administração & dosagem , Vasos Linfáticos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfedema/etiologia , Linfografia/métodos , Testes de Campo Visual/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Vasos Linfáticos/patologia , Linfedema/classificação , Linfedema/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha/epidemiologia , Extremidade Superior/anatomia & histologia , Extremidade Superior/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc ; 54(2): 155-160, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32254031

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the functional results of internal fixation of both forearm bones versus fixation of the radius alone in the treatment of distal both-bone forearm fractures in children. METHODS: This study included a total of 34 children who were treated for distal forearm both-bone fracture. Patients were divided into two groups according to the technique used, which depended on the date of their surgery. Group 1 consisted of 18 children (14 males and four females; mean age: 10.3 years; age range: 7-16 years) who underwent both-bone fracture fixation using closed reduction and percutaneous pinning; Group 2 consisted of 16 children (12 males and four females; mean age: 10.1 years; age range: 6-15 years) who underwent only radius fracture fixation. The average follow-up was 65.6 months in Group 1 and 38.9 months in Group 2. Operating time, fluoroscopy exposure time, functional results (Mayo Wrist Score, visual analogue scale score, and range of motion), radiological results (time to union and malunion), and complications were recorded as outcome parameters. RESULTS: The mean operating time was 35 min (range: 30-45 min) in Group 1 and 19 min (range: 10-25 min) in Group 2 (p<0.001). The mean fluoroscopy exposure time was 54 sec (range: 40-70 sec) in Group 1 and 18 sec (range: 10-26 sec) in Group 2 (p<0.001). Only three patients in Group 1 and four patients in Group 2 exhibited <10° of limitation in pronation and supination. No significant differences were determined between the groups with respect to functional scores (p=1.000). Final follow-up radiographs showed no malalignment in either group. In terms of time to union, there was no significant difference between groups (p=1.000). Additionally, only three minor complications associated with the pin track (two patients in Group 1 and one patient in Group 2) were noted. CONCLUSION: In children with distal both-bone fractures, fixation of the radius fracture alone may be considered as an alternative method of treatment to fixation of both forearm bones as it results in satisfactory functional and radiographic outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic study.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Antebraço , Antebraço/diagnóstico por imagem , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Duração da Cirurgia , Criança , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatismos do Antebraço/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos do Antebraço/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Articulação do Punho/fisiopatologia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e19259, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of surgical treatment of intra-articular distal radius fractures (DRFs) with the assistance of three-dimensional (3D) printing technique. METHODS: Patients with intra-articular DRFs in our hospital from February 2017 to November 2018 were enrolled in this study, and were randomly assigned to 2 parallel groups to receive surgical treatment with the assistance of 3D printing technique or not. For patients in the 3D printing group, the surgical procedure was simulated with 3D physical model before surgery. Volar plate and K-wire fixation were performed in all patients. Patients in the 2 groups were compared in terms of intraoperative indexes and postoperative function. RESULTS: A total of 32 patients were included in our study. During surgery, mean operation time in the 3D model group was significantly lower than that in the routine group (P < .001). Besides, significantly less blood was lost in the 3D model group than that in the routine group (P < .001). Furthermore, the 3D model group had a significantly less times of intraoperative fluoroscopy than that in the routine group (P = .002). However, the 3D model group showed no significant difference in visual analog scale (VAS) score, the disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) score, or active wrist range of motion (ROM) in comparison with the routine group (P > .05). CONCLUSION: With the assistance of 3D printing technique, the operation time, amount of intraoperative bleeding, and times of intraoperative fluoroscopy can be reduced during the surgical treatment of intra-articular DRFs with volar plating and K-wire fixation. This technique is safe and effective, and is worth spreading in other orthopedic surgeries.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Adulto , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Placas Ósseas , Fios Ortopédicos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Fraturas do Rádio/diagnóstico por imagem , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Escala Visual Analógica
7.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(1): 5-10, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888369

RESUMO

AIMS: Intraoperative 3D navigation (ION) allows high accuracy to be achieved in spinal surgery, but poor workflow has prevented its widespread uptake. The technical demands on ION when used in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are higher than for other more established indications. Lean principles have been applied to industry and to health care with good effects. While ensuring optimal accuracy of instrumentation and safety, the implementation of ION and its associated productivity was evaluated in this study for AIS surgery in order to enhance the workflow of this technique. The aim was to optimize the use of ION by the application of lean principles in AIS surgery. METHODS: A total of 20 consecutive patients with AIS were treated with ION corrective spinal surgery. Both qualitative and quantitative analysis was performed with real-time modifications. Operating time, scan time, dose length product (measure of CT radiation exposure), use of fluoroscopy, the influence of the reference frame, blood loss, and neuromonitoring were assessed. RESULTS: The greatest gains in productivity were in avoiding repeat intraoperative scans (a mean of 248 minutes for patients who had two scans, and a mean 180 minutes for those who had a single scan). Optimizing accuracy was the biggest factor influencing this, which was reliant on incremental changes to the operating setup and technique. CONCLUSION: The application of lean principles to the introduction of ION for AIS surgery helps assimilate this method into the environment of the operating theatre. Data and stakeholder analysis identified a reproducible technique for using ION for AIS surgery, reducing operating time, and radiation exposure. Cite this article: Bone Joint J. 2020;102-B(1):5-10.


Assuntos
Neuronavegação/métodos , Escoliose/cirurgia , Adolescente , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Parafusos Ósseos/estatística & dados numéricos , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Masculino , Bloqueadores Neuromusculares/administração & dosagem , Neuronavegação/instrumentação , Duração da Cirurgia , Posicionamento do Paciente , Doses de Radiação , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Injury ; 51(2): 443-451, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The application of computer-assisted virtual surgical technology in preoperative planning for distal femoral fractures has been rarely presented. This study aimed to evaluate the intra-operative realization of this technology and the clinical outcomes based on it for distal femoral fractures. METHODS: Between February 2014 and May 2017, 32 patients with distal femoral fractures treated by open reduction and internal fixation were included and divided into 2 groups on the basis of preoperative planning methods: conventional (N = 17) and virtual surgical (N = 15). The time required for virtual segmentation, reduction, and fixation of the fracture fragments in virtual surgical group were analyzed. Operation time, intra-operative blood loss, times of fluoroscopy during operation and days of hospital stay in two groups were compared. Postoperative functional outcomes were assessed using the Knee Society Score (KSS), Short Form-36 (SF-36) scoring systems, and visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain. RESULTS: Mean total planning time for 33-A, 33-B, and 33-C fractures in virtual surgical group were 43.0 ±â€¯1.7, 23.0 ±â€¯1.3, and 51.4 ±â€¯3.7 min, respectively. Compared with the conventional group, Patients in virtual surgical group had lower blood loss, fewer fluoroscopic images, less operative time, and shorter days of hospital stay (P < 0.05). No significant difference could detected in the KSS, SF-36, or VAS scores between the two groups at the final follow-up (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Computer-assisted virtual surgical technology could rapidly complete surgical treatment protocol, improve operative efficiency, and provide satisfying clinical and radiographic outcomes for distal femoral fractures.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/instrumentação , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Período Intraoperatório , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Redução Aberta/métodos , Duração da Cirurgia , Período Pré-Operatório , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Radiol Med ; 125(3): 296-305, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845091

RESUMO

The advances in technology have led to a growing trend in population exposure to radiation emerging from the invention of high-dose procedures. It is, for example, estimated that annually 1.2% of cancers are induced by radiological scans in Norway. This study aims to investigate and discuss the frequency and dose trends of radiological examinations in Europe. European Commission (EC) launched projects to gain information for medical exposures in 2004 and 2011. In this study, the European Commission Radiation Protection (RP) reports No. 154 and 180 have been reviewed. The RP 154 countries' data were extracted from both reports, and the average variation trend of the number of examinations and effective doses were studied. According to the results, plain radiography and fluoroscopy witnessed a reduction in the frequency and effective dose per examination. Nevertheless, European collective dose encountered an average increase of 23%, which resulted from a growing tendency for implementation of high-dose procedures such as CT scans and interventional examinations. It is worth noting that most of the CT procedures have undergone an increase in effective dose per examination. Although demand and dose per examination in some radiological procedures (such as intravenous urography (IVU) have been reduced, population collective dose is still rising due to the increasing demand for CT scan procedures. Even though the individual risks are not considerable, it can, in a large scale, threaten the health of the people at the present time. Due to this fact, better justification should be addressed so as to reduce population exposure.


Assuntos
Exposição à Radiação/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiografia Intervencionista/tendências , Radiografia/tendências , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/tendências , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluoroscopia/tendências , Humanos , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/epidemiologia , Noruega/epidemiologia , Doses de Radiação , Proteção Radiológica , Radiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiografia Intervencionista/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiologia/tendências , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 140(4): 449-455, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392407

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the factors that influence radiation exposure during repair of supracondylar humerus fractures. METHODS: Medical records of almost 200 children with supracondylar fractures were retrospectively analyzed for variables correlated with fluoroscopy time and radiation dose as measures of radiation exposure. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in fluoroscopy time (27 vs. 22 s p = 0.345) or direct radiation dose (0.394 vs. 0.318 mSv p = 0.290) between uniplanar and biplanar C-arm use. No statistically significant differences in fluoroscopy time or radiation dose were found for surgical technique, comorbid ipsilateral fractures, preoperative neurovascular compromise, or resident participation. There was a significant 8.3 s increase in fluoroscopy time (p = 0.022) and 0.249 mSv increase in radiation dose (p = 0.020) as the fracture type increased from II to III. An increase in one pin during CRPP resulted in a statistically significant 10.4 s increase in fluoroscopy time and a 0.205 mSv increase in radiation dose. There were significant differences between the physician with the lowest fluoroscopy time and radiation dose compared with the physicians with the two highest values for both fluoroscopy time and radiation dose (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: We found no significant difference in direct radiation exposure or fluoroscopy time when comparing biplanar to uniplanar C-arm use, resident participation, preoperative neurovascular compromise, or for comorbid ipsilateral fractures. Both outcomes increased significantly as fracture type increased from II to III and as the number of pins used during CRPP increased. Both outcomes were significantly different between the surgeons performing CRPP.


Assuntos
Fluoroscopia , Fraturas do Úmero , Exposição à Radiação , Criança , Fluoroscopia/efeitos adversos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Fixação de Fratura/efeitos adversos , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fixação de Fratura/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Úmero/cirurgia , Exposição à Radiação/normas , Exposição à Radiação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 139(11): 1579-1586, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278509

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: When locking intramedullary nails, inserting the distal interlocking screw accurately and quickly with less radiation exposure is very important. The purpose of this randomized control study was to compare radiation exposure and accuracy of distal locking screws between free-hand fluoroscopic guidance and the use of a distal targeting system (DTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria of this study were patients older than 60 years who need an intramedullary nailing due to unstable intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric fracture. The primary outcome was the attempt numbers of image intensifier during the insertion of distal locking screws. Secondary outcomes were operative time and angles between distal locking screws and nail. RESULTS: A total of 36 patients participated in the study. Eighteen patients using free-hand fluoroscopic guidance were assigned to Group I while 18 patients using DTS were assigned to Group II. The number of attempts of image intensifier during distal screw insertion (57.3 ± 31.42 vs. 11.5 ± 7.41, p < 0.001), ratio of attempt number for distal screws to the total attempts (0.33 ± 0.21 vs. 0.12 ± 0.08, p = 0.001), the number of hand exposure to image intensifier directly (75.0 ± 29.55 vs. 13.5 ± 19.07, p < 0.001), and the time of radiation exposure during distal screws insertion (42.57 ± 2.42 s vs. 12.72 ± 8.10 s, p < 0.001) were significantly lower in Group II compared to those in Group I. And, operation time (96.3 min ± 18.94 vs. 76.1 min ± 14.10, p < 0.001) was also statistically significantly lower in Group II. Both distal locking screws were significantly closer to perpendicular direction to the nail in Group II. CONCLUSION: The attempt number of image intensifier during the insertion of two distal locking screws was significantly reduced with DTS compared with that with free hand fluoroscopic guidance. Angle between distal locking screws and nail was also more accurate using DTS.


Assuntos
Fluoroscopia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Exposição à Radiação/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Fluoroscopia/instrumentação , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Período Intraoperatório , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/instrumentação , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Spine Deform ; 7(4): 577-581, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202374

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Placement of pedicle screws can be performed using freehand/fluoroscopic technique or intraoperative computed tomography (CT)-guided navigation. We sought to compare screw malposition and return to operating room (OR) for pedicle screw malposition for screws placed with and without CT-guided navigation. METHODS: This study was a single-center retrospective comparative study. All patients younger than 18 years with minimum two-year follow-up who underwent pedicle screw instrumentation between 2009 and 2015 were included. Institutional review board approval was obtained and patient charts were reviewed for patient demographics and surgical outcomes. If available, incidental CTs following the index surgery were reviewed to assess screw position. RESULTS: A total of 217 patients underwent spinal instrumentation. Overall, 112 patients had pedicle screws placed using fluoroscopic guidance, whereas 105 patients had screws placed using low-dose intraoperative CT-guided navigation (O-arm; Medtronics). Of the total cohort, 107 (49.3%) patients had adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and the remainder had neuromuscular, tumor, congenital, or other diagnoses. Patients in each group had a similar number of levels fused (fluoroscopic = 10.9 vs. CT navigation = 9.8, p = .06). There was no difference in total estimated blood loss (1,127 vs. 1,179 mL, p = .63) or in blood loss per level fused (133.7 vs. 146.6 mL, p = .47). Patients with screws placed using fluoroscopic guidance had a shorter total operative time (441 vs. 468 minutes, p = .04); however, there was no difference when controlling for number of levels fused (58.3 vs. 61.5 minutes/level, p = .63). Postoperative CTs were available in 51 patients representing 526 imaged screws, which showed a significantly higher rate of severely malpositioned (>4 mm) screws in the fluoroscopic group than the CT navigation group (3.3% vs. 1.0%, p = .027). There was a 3.6% rate of return to OR for pedicle screw malposition in the freehand/fluoroscopic group compared with 0% in the CT-guided navigation group (p = .048). Including patients with less than two-year follow-up (169 fluoroscopy, 220 CT guidance) also found higher rates of screw malposition (13.5% vs. 7.1%, p = .004), severe screw malposition (3.0% vs. 0.50%, p = .04), and return to OR due to screw malposition (2.4% vs. 0%, p = .02) in patients with screws placed using fluoroscopic guidance. CONCLUSION: Patients with pedicle screws placed with CT-guided navigation had a lower rate of severely malpositioned screws and unplanned returns to the OR. There was no significant difference in blood loss or operative time when controlling for number of levels fused. SIGNIFICANCE: In the era of health care "never-events," return to OR for screw malposition could certainly be deemed unacceptable. Use of intraoperative CT-guided navigation thus far eliminated return to OR for screw malposition in a complex cohort of pediatric spinal deformity patients, without measurable increase in operative time or blood loss.


Assuntos
Fluoroscopia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Fusão Vertebral , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Parafusos Pediculares/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Fusão Vertebral/estatística & dados numéricos , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/estatística & dados numéricos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 44(7): 2656-2662, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968185

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess subspecialty mix and case volumes of general and abdominal subspecialty radiologists interpreting abdominal MRI. METHODS: The 2016 CMS Physician/Supplier Procedure Summary Master File was used to obtain billed counts of radiologist-interpreted abdominal fluoroscopy, US, CT, and MRI examinations. The CMS Physician and Other Supplier Public Use File was used to assess the subspecialty mix and case volume of the radiologists interpreting those examinations. RESULTS: The fraction of all abdominal imaging examinations interpreted by generalists and abdominal subspecialty radiologists was 70.7% and 16.5% for fluoroscopy; 68.7% and 21.0% for US; 71.4% and 19.2% for CT; and 41.9% and 52.5% for MRI. In 2016, the fraction of general and abdominal radiologists interpreting > 50 fluoroscopy examinations on Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries was 15.1% and 16.2%. For > 50 US examinations, the fraction was 61.5% and 60.5%; for > 50 CT examinations, 91.2% and 79.6%; and for > 50 MRI examinations, 4.0% and 28.5%. The fraction of abdominal imaging examinations interpreted overall by low-volume providers (those interpreting ≤ 50 examinations in 2016) was 59.5% for fluoroscopy, 17.5% for US, 6.3% for CT, and 50.6% for MRI. CONCLUSION: Nationally, most abdominal fluoroscopy, US, and CT examinations are interpreted by general radiologists, who have similar annual volumes of these examinations as abdominal subspecialty radiologists. In contrast, most abdominal MRI examinations are interpreted by abdominal subspecialty radiologists, who attain considerably higher volumes. These findings have implications for workforce planning and abdominal imaging fellowship design to ensure their graduates are optimally prepared to contribute to their future practices.


Assuntos
Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Medicare , Medicina , Radiografia Abdominal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
14.
J Cardiol ; 74(1): 19-26, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an accepted strategy for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and persistent AF (PerAF) ablation. Limited data are available on outcomes of cryoballoon (CB) PVI in patients with structural heart disease (SHD). The purpose is to assess the clinical efficacy of a single CB-PVI procedure in patients with PAF or PerAF who also have SHD. METHODS: From April 2012, 460 AF patients with concomitant SHD underwent CB-PVI and were followed prospectively in the framework of the 1STOP ClinicalService® project. Data on procedural outcomes and long-term freedom from AF recurrence were evaluated. Out of 460 subjects, 282 patients (61%) had PAF and 178 (39%) PerAF. RESULTS: SHD patients were predominantly male (80.9%), old (62.8±8.9 years), with preserved functional capacity (New York Heart Association class >1: 39.4%), high cardioembolic risk (CHA2DS2VASc score ≥2: 69.3%), and conserved left ventricular ejection fraction (56.5±8% LVEF). Both subjects with PAF and PerAF had similar baseline clinical characteristics except for left atrial diameter (43.8±7 vs. 45.7±7mm) and area (22.9±5.2 vs. 25.1±4.4cm2), respectively. Procedure time and fluoroscopic time as well as the rate of procedural complications were not different between subjects with PAF and PerAF. After a mean follow-up of 12 months, antiarrhythmic drug therapy had dropped from 71.7% before ablation to 33.6% post-ablation (p<0.001) and the freedom from symptomatic AF recurrence was 78% for PAF and 77% for PerAF (p=0.793). Furthermore, atrial arrhythmia recurrence rate was not related to SHD. CONCLUSIONS: In a large multicenter, real-world cohort, CB-PVI was used to treat patients with PAF and PerAF who also had SHD. The arrhythmia recurrence after a single procedure was not related to either the degree of cardiac structural remodeling or the type of AF, and the rate of AF recurrence was lower than previously reported in patients with SHD in other cohort series using focal radiofrequency catheter ablation. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01007474).


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Criocirurgia/métodos , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias/complicações , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
15.
Eur Radiol ; 29(7): 3390-3400, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous biliary interventions (PBIs) can be associated with a high patient radiation dose, which can be reduced when national diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) are kept in mind. The aim of this multicentre study was to investigate patient radiation exposure in different percutaneous biliary interventions, in order to recommend national DRLs. METHODS: A questionnaire asking for the dose area product (DAP) and the fluoroscopy time (FT) in different PBIs with ultrasound- or fluoroscopy-guided bile duct punctures was sent to 200 advanced care hospitals. Recommended national DRLs are set at the 75th percentile of all DAPs. RESULTS: Twenty-three facilities (9 interventional radiology depts. and 14 gastroenterology depts.) returned the questionnaire (12%). Five hundred sixty-five PBIs with 19 different interventions were included in the analysis. DAPs (range 4-21,510 cGy·cm2) and FTs (range 0.07-180.33 min) varied substantially depending on the centre and type of PBI. The DAPs of initial PBIs were significantly (p < 0.0001) higher (median 2162 cGy·cm2) than those of follow-up PBIs (median 464 cGy·cm2). There was no significant difference between initial PBIs with ultrasound-guided bile duct puncture (2162 cGy·cm2) and initial PBIs with fluoroscopy-guided bile duct puncture (2132 cGy·cm2) (p = 0.85). FT varied substantially (0.07-180.33 min). CONCLUSIONS: DAPs and FTs in percutaneous biliary interventions showed substantial variations depending on the centre and the type of PBI. PBI with US-guided bile duct puncture did not reduce DAP, when compared to PBI with fluoroscopy-guided bile duct puncture. National DRLs of 4300 cGy·cm2 for initial PBIs and 1400 cGy·cm2 for follow-up PBIs are recommended. KEY POINTS: • DAPs and FTs in percutaneous biliary interventions showed substantial variations depending on the centre and the type of PBI. • PBI with US-guided bile duct puncture did not reduce DAP when compared to PBI with fluoroscopy-guided bile duct puncture. • DRLs of 4300 cGy·cm2for initial PBIs (establishing a transhepatic tract) and 1400 cGy·cm2for follow-up PBIs (transhepatic tract already established) are recommended.


Assuntos
Sistema Biliar/diagnóstico por imagem , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiologia Intervencionista/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/métodos , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia Intervencionista/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiologia Intervencionista/normas , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents
16.
Occup Environ Med ; 76(5): 317-325, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30890565

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess radiation exposure-related work history and risk of cataract and cataract surgery among radiologic technologists assisting with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures (FGIP). METHODS: This retrospective study included 35 751 radiologic technologists who reported being cataract-free at baseline (1994-1998) and completed a follow-up questionnaire (2013-2014). Frequencies of assisting with 21 types of FGIP and use of radiation protection equipment during five time periods (before 1970, 1970-1979, 1980-1989, 1990-1999, 2000-2009) were derived from an additional self-administered questionnaire in 2013-2014. Multivariable-adjusted relative risks (RRs) for self-reported cataract diagnosis and cataract surgery were estimated according to FGIP work history. RESULTS: During follow-up, 9372 technologists reported incident physician-diagnosed cataract; 4278 of incident cases reported undergoing cataract surgery. Technologists who ever assisted with FGIP had increased risk for cataract compared with those who never assisted with FGIP (RR: 1.18, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.25). Risk increased with increasing cumulative number of FGIP; the RR for technologists who assisted with >5000 FGIP compared with those who never assisted was 1.38 (95% CI 1.24 to 1.53; p trend <0.001). These associations were more pronounced for FGIP when technologists were located ≤3 feet (≤0.9 m) from the patient compared with >3 feet (>0.9 m) (RRs for >5000 at ≤3 feet vs never FGIP were 1.48, 95% CI 1.27 to 1.74 and 1.15, 95% CI 0.98 to 1.35, respectively; pdifference=0.04). Similar risks, although not statistically significant, were observed for cataract surgery. CONCLUSION: Technologists who reported assisting with FGIP, particularly high-volume FGIP within 3 feet of the patient, had increased risk of incident cataract. Additional investigation should evaluate estimated dose response and medically validated cataract type.


Assuntos
Catarata/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco/normas , Adulto , Catarata/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diagnóstico por Imagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/efeitos adversos , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
J Xray Sci Technol ; 27(2): 287-296, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30856147

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intermittent CT fluoroscopic biopsy is a new technology, but has not been studied widely. This study aims to investigate correlation between the radiation dose and fluoroscopic CT exposure factors to establish the low dose parameters for performing percutaneous lung biopsies, as well as the relationship of the mean diameter and depth of lesions with radiation dose, procedure time, success and complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study to analyse lung biopsies performed using intermittent CT fluoroscopic technique with 18 G semi-automated coaxial gun on 256 slice scanner. A total of 50 patients were included in the study. Biopsy was done in three mAs and KVp settings (30 and 70, 10 and 120, 30 and 120, respectively). The statistical data analysis was performed using SPSS Statistics software. RESULTS: Pneumothorax occurred in 22 % of cases. Sampling rate was 98% but histopathological diagnosis was made in 94% cases. Mean procedure time was 30.5±11.1 minutes. Low dose protocol (30 mAs and 70 KVp) had least radiation exposure during biopsy procedure (p < 0.001) with similar success rate, complications and procedure time (p > 0.05) in comparison with high dose protocol (10 and 120, 30 and 120 mAs and KVp, respectively). Mean diameter of lesions didn't correlate with radiation dose, success rate, complications and duration of procedure (p > 0.05) while significant association was found when depth was correlated with radiation exposure during fluoroscopic biopsy, duration of procedure and complication rates (p < 0.05) while no association was found with success rates. CONCLUSION: On third generation dual energy source CT scanner, reducing mAs and KVp to 30 and 70 during fluoroscopy biopsy can produce images whose complications and success rates are comparable to high dose CT. In general, intermittent CT fluoroscopy guided lung biopsy has good success rates with acceptable complications, while utilising less radiation dose and procedure time.


Assuntos
Fluoroscopia , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/efeitos adversos , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Doses de Radiação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/efeitos adversos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Orthop Surg ; 11(1): 34-41, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30834705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical efficacy of TiRobot-assisted percutaneous cannulated screw fixation in the treatment of femoral neck fractures. METHODS: From September 2015 to July 2017, 26 patients with unilateral femoral neck fractures were treated with TiRobot-assisted percutaneous cannulated screw fixation. The femoral necks were fixed using three cannulated screws with robot assistance applying the following procedure: image acquisition, path planning, and needle and screw placement. The results of the treatment, including operation duration, frequency of fluoroscopy use, implant placement accuracy, intraoperative bleeding, total drilling, surgical complications, fracture healing time, fracture healing rate, and Harris scores at the last follow-up, were recorded and compared with 23 similar patients who underwent conventional manual positioning surgery. RESULTS: A total of 147 cannulated screws were placed in all patients. The TiRobot group had shorter operation duration (62.6 ± 8.7 min vs 72.4 ± 10.3 min) and fracture healing time (5.1 ± 2.4 months vs 5.9 ± 2.8 months) than the conventional group (P > 0.05). The robot group had significantly less use of fluoroscopy (26.5 ± 7.4 times vs 51.3 ± 9.4 times), intraoperative bleeding (8.2 ± 5.3 mL vs 36.4 ± 12.5 mL), and total drilling (9.4 ± 4.2 times vs 18.3 ± 9.1 times) than the conventional group (all P < 0.05). The screw parallelism was significantly improved (24.0 ± 0.6 points vs 21.5 ± 1.2 points) and the neck-width coverage (72.0 ± 6.7 mm2 vs 53.8 ± 10.4 mm2 ) was significantly enlarged compared to the conventional group (P < 0.05). Only three guiding needles were used to penetrate the femoral head during manual insertion in the TiRobot group, which was significantly lower than that in the conventional group (3/78, 3.8% vs 9/69, 13.0%; P < 0.05). Other complications such as wound infection, vascular or nerve injury, screw loosening, and secondary screw displacement, did not occur in the two groups. There was no significant difference between the two groups in fracture healing rate (88.4% vs 82.6%) and Harris scores at the last follow up (88.2 ± 3.6 points vs 87.3 ± 4.7 points; P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: TiRobot-assisted percutaneous cannulated screw fixation of femoral neck fractures is advantageous over conventional surgery with manual positioning due to easier manipulation, more accurate screw insertion, less invasion, and less radiation exposure, suggesting that it is a better method to stabilize femoral neck fractures.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Feminino , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguimentos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Consolidação da Fratura , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 31(4): 463-470, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30830881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increasing complexity involved in procedures requiring fluoroscopy such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) results in heightened screening times with attendant radiation exposure during these procedures. There is increasing awareness of tissue-reactions to the lens of the eye due to radiation exposure, with evidence suggesting that threshold doses may be lower than previously considered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify studies involving ERCP in which radiation exposure was reported. Demographic data and data on fluoroscopy time and ocular exposure were extracted. Fixed and random-effects meta-analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Twenty-six studies (8016 procedures) were identified, of which 10 studies (818 procedures) contained data on ocular exposure. The mean screening time per procedure was 3.9 min with a mean of three images captured per procedure. On fixed effects meta-analysis, the point estimate for the effective ocular exposure dose per procedure was 0.018 (95% confidence interval: 0.017-0.019) mSv. On random-effects meta-analysis, the effective ocular exposure dose was 0.139 (0.118-0.160) mSv (Q=2590.78, I=99.5, P<0.001). On comparing these point estimates to the ocular dose limit of 20 mSv/year, 1111 ERCPs (using fixed effects data) and 144 ERCPs (using random-effects data), with a mean of 627 ERCPs/individual/year, could deliver an ocular radiation dose equivalent to this dose limit. CONCLUSION: Ocular radiation exposures in high-volume ERCP operators (>200 procedures/year) and operators performing complex ERCPs involving prolonged fluoroscopy, need to exercise caution in relation to ocular exposure. Shielding using lead-lined glasses may be reasonable in this group.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/efeitos adversos , Olho/efeitos da radiação , Fluoroscopia/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Exposição à Radiação/análise , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/métodos , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Dig Dis Sci ; 64(9): 2455-2466, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30911863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fluoroscopy use during ERCP exposes patients and providers to deleterious effects of radiation. Formal training in fluoroscopy/radiation protection is not widely emphasized during therapeutic endoscopy training, and radiation use during GI endoscopy has not previously been characterized in the USA. In this study, we evaluated radiation training, fluoroscopy use patterns, and radiation protection practices among US therapeutic endoscopists. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey was distributed to US therapeutic endoscopists, and responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics. State-specific requirements for fluoroscopy utilization were determined from state radiologic health branches. RESULTS: A total of 159 endoscopists (response rate 67.8%) predominantly those working in university hospitals (69.2%) with > 5 years of experience performing ERCP (74.9%) completed the questionnaire. Although the majority of endoscopists (61.6%) reported that they personally controlled fluoroscopy during ERCP, most (56.6%) had not received training on operating their fluoroscopy system. Only a minority (18-31%) of all respondents reported consistently utilizing modifiable fluoroscopy system parameters that minimize patient radiation exposure (pulsed fluoroscopy, frame rate modification or collimation). Endoscopists appear to undertake adequate personal radiation protective measures although use of a dosimeter was not consistent in half of respondents. The majority of states (56.8%) do not have any stated requirement for certification of non-radiologist physicians who intend to operate fluoroscopy. CONCLUSIONS: Most US gastroenterologists performing ERCP have not received formal training in operating their fluoroscopy system or in minimizing radiation exposure to themselves and to their patients. Such formal training should be included in all therapeutic endoscopy training programs, and fluoroscopy system-specific training should be offered at all hospitals.


Assuntos
Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluoroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição à Radiação/prevenção & controle , Proteção Radiológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório/educação , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Legislação como Assunto , Doses de Radiação , Dosímetros de Radiação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
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