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1.
J Laryngol Otol ; 134(4): 350-353, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172698

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pharyngocutaneous fistulae are dreaded complications following total laryngectomy. This paper presents our experience using 3-5 ml gastrografin to detect pharyngeal leaks following total laryngectomy, and compares post-operative videofluoroscopy with clinical follow-up findings in the detection of pharyngocutaneous fistulae. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted of total laryngectomy patients. The control group (n = 85) was assessed clinically for development of pharyngocutaneous fistulae, while the study group (n = 52) underwent small-volume (3-5 ml) post-operative gastrografin videofluoroscopy. RESULTS: In the control group, 24 of 85 patients (28 per cent) developed pharyngocutaneous fistulae, with 6 requiring surgical correction. In the study group, 24 of 52 patients (46 per cent) had videofluoroscopy-detected pharyngeal leaks; 4 patients (8 per cent) developed pharyngocutaneous fistulae, but all cases resolved following non-surgical management. Patients who underwent videofluoroscopy had a significantly lower risk of developing pharyngocutaneous fistulae; sensitivity and specificity in the detection of pharyngocutaneous fistulae were 58 per cent and 100 per cent respectively. CONCLUSION: Small-volume gastrografin videofluoroscopy reliably identified small pharyngeal leaks. Routine use in total laryngectomy combined with withholding feeds in cases of early leaks may prevent the development of pharyngocutaneous fistulae.


Assuntos
Fístula Cutânea/diagnóstico por imagem , Diatrizoato de Meglumina/administração & dosagem , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Laringectomia/efeitos adversos , Doenças Faríngeas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fístula Cutânea/prevenção & controle , Fístula Cutânea/terapia , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/instrumentação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Faringe/diagnóstico por imagem , Faringe/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
2.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(3): 371-375, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114817

RESUMO

With the identification of literature shortfalls on the techniques employed in intraoperative navigated (ION) spinal surgery, we outline a number of measures which have been synthesised into a coherent operative technique. These include positioning, dissection, management of the reference frame, the grip, the angle of attack, the drill, the template, the pedicle screw, the wire, and navigated intrathecal analgesia. Optimizing techniques to improve accuracy allow an overall reduction of the repetition of the surgical steps with its associated productivity benefits including time, cost, radiation, and safety. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(3):371-375.


Assuntos
Fluoroscopia/métodos , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Humanos , Parafusos Pediculares , Escoliose/diagnóstico
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(11): e19354, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176057

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Leakage of bone cement is a common complication after percutaneous kyphoplasty. In rare cases, bone cement can leak into the venous system, which can be life threatening, especially when it causes an embolism in the heart. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 79-year-old female patient developed chest pain with chest tightness 3 weeks after the percutaneous kyphoplasty. DIAGNOSES: Initially, negative fluoroscopy results and elevated myocardial enzymes suggested that the patient's chest pain and chest tightness symptoms were manifestations of coronary heart disease. However, in the subsequent computed tomography (CT) examination, foreign bodies in the heart and pulmonary vessels were found. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent emergency surgery to remove the bone cement and repair the tricuspid valve. OUTCOMES: The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on the 13th day after surgery. LESSONS: If a patient develops chest pain with chest tightness after percutaneous kyphoplasty, the clinicians must be vigilant and take into account the limited sensitivity of fluoroscopy and use chest computer tomography and echocardiogram as the first choice and thereby prevent serious consequences.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos/efeitos adversos , Embolia/etiologia , Embolia/cirurgia , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cifoplastia/efeitos adversos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Idoso , Cimentos para Ossos/uso terapêutico , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Embolia/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Seguimentos , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Cifoplastia/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1109): 20190420, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: For real-time markerless tumour tracking in stereotactic lung radiotherapy, we propose a different approach which uses patient-specific deep learning (DL) using a personalised data generation strategy, avoiding the need for collection of a large patient data set. We validated our strategy with digital phantom simulation and epoxy phantom studies. METHODS: We developed lung tumour tracking for radiotherapy using a convolutional neural network trained for each phantom's lesion by using multiple digitally reconstructed radiographs (DRRs) generated from each phantom's treatment planning four-dimensional CT. We trained tumour-bone differentiation using large numbers of training DRRs generated with various projection geometries to simulate tumour motion. We solved the problem of using DRRs for training and X-ray images for tracking using the training DRRs with random contrast transformation and random noise addition. RESULTS: We defined adequate tracking accuracy as the percentage frames satisfying <1 mm tracking error of the isocentre. In the simulation study, we achieved 100% tracking accuracy in 3 cm spherical and 1.5×2.25×3 cm ovoid masses. In the phantom study, we achieved 100 and 94.7% tracking accuracy in 3 cm and 2 cm spherical masses, respectively. This required 32.5 ms/frame (30.8 fps) real-time processing. CONCLUSIONS: We proved the potential feasibility of a real-time markerless tumour tracking framework for stereotactic lung radiotherapy based on patient-specific DL with personalised data generation with digital phantom and epoxy phantom studies. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Using DL with personalised data generation is an efficient strategy for real-time lung tumour tracking.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional/métodos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Movimento , Imagens de Fantasmas
7.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 58(2): 199-213, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044002

RESUMO

This article discusses the 4 main imaging modalities used to evaluate reproductive-aged women: ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and fluoroscopy. For each modality, major clinical indications are described, along with important technical considerations unique to imaging reproductive-aged women. Finally, key safety issues are discussed, particularly with regard to imaging pregnant patients.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/efeitos adversos , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/efeitos adversos , Órgãos em Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia/efeitos adversos
8.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227777, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given the limited evidence available, the impact of nasogastric (NG) tube placement on swallowing in children is not well understood. When a child needs to be fed enterally, the current standard is to initially place an NG tube and leave it in place for the first few months of supplemental or total enteral nutrition. It is important to understand if placement of NG tubes has a negative effect on a patient's swallow. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of those children who had videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) to identify all children who had an NG tube in place at the time of swallow study. Age and sex matched children were identified who had undergone VFSS without an NG in place. These charts were reviewed for diagnosis at the time of the VFSS and presence or absence of aspiration or laryngeal penetrations. RESULTS: Sixty-three children with NG tubes were identified, along with 63 age and sex matched children without NG tubes in place, at the time of VFSS. Ages ranged from 7 days to 13 years. The NG group had a significantly higher proportion demonstrating aspiration (46% vs. 23.8%, p = 0.0089). CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the need for further prospective evaluation of NG tubes and their effect on swallow, as well as more careful consideration of prolonged NG tube placement in patients with feeding problems. Consideration should be given to removal of the NG prior to VFSS to prevent the impact of NG placement on results of the swallow study which could lead to inappropriate modifications to the patient's care plan.


Assuntos
Deglutição , Intubação Gastrointestinal , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Intubação Gastrointestinal/métodos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e443-e447, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: S1 transforaminal epidural steroid injection (S1-TFESI) results in positive clinical outcomes for the treatment of pain associated with the S1 nerve root. S1-TFESI via the transforaminal approach is commonly performed under fluoroscopic guidance. Ultrasound guidance is an alternative to mitigate radiation exposure. However, performing spinal procedures under ultrasound guidance has some limitations in confirming the position of the needle tip and vascular uptake. New techniques are therefore needed to make ultrasound and fluoroscopy complementary. Our objective was to describe a novel technique for S1-TFESI and confirm its reproducibility. METHODS: Records of patients with S1 radiculopathy were reviewed retrospectively; those treated using the new S1-TFESI technique were selected. Initially, ultrasound was used to distinguish anatomy of the sacral foramen and guide initial placement of the needle entry point. Fluoroscopy was subsequently used to confirm needle tip position and vascular injection. The number of times the needle required reinsertion was recorded, and ultrasound and C-arm images were stored. RESULTS: Sixty-seven S1-TFESIs were performed in 56 patients. All injections exhibited epidural spread of contrast media, not only to the S1 nerve. The cephalad angle was 16.25 ± 6.75° (range, 5-27°), the oblique angle was 2.48 ± 2.62° (range, 0-7°), and the mean number of attempts was 1.24 ± 1.25. CONCLUSIONS: The new technique, involving the use of ultrasound to guide initial placement of the needle entry point, followed by confirmatory imaging and any needed adjustment with the use of fluoroscopy, can be a technique to complement the shortcomings of using ultrasound or fluoroscopy alone.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Injeções Epidurais/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Radiculopatia/tratamento farmacológico , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sacro , Adulto Jovem
12.
Clin Ter ; 170(1): e30-e35, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31850481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To introduce a rapid and simple technique to engage and localize through left common carotid (LCCA) artery during selective carotid angiography using the same type of catheter (6F Medtronic™/launcher Judkins Right Guide Catheter, 4.0 Tip,2 Side holes, U.S.A.). METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups as new method and conventional method group including 295 and 292 prior to carotid angiography, respectively. The primary endpoints of this study included an analysis of total procedure time, time required for cannulation of left common carotid artery, fluoroscopy time and selective imaging success for left common carotid artery, feasibility, safety, amount of radio opaque agent and radiation exposure. RESULTS: Our novel method applied using a single catheter shortened total procedure time (5.41 ± 1.56 min. vs. 7.52 ± 2.48 min., respectively, p<0.001), fluoroscopy time (98 ± 9 sec. vs. 210 ± 19 sec., respectively, p<0.001), duration of left carotid artery cannulation (15 ± 1.2 sec vs. 42 ± 1.9 sec, respectively, p< 0.001). Use of our method reduced radiation exposure (120 ± 17 mGy vs. 217 ± 11 mGy, respectively, p<0.001), amount of contrast agent (44.99 ± 12.84 ml vs. 59.89 ± 18.93 ml, respectively, p<0.001). Aortic arch angiography was not needed in the first group compared with the conventional method group (0% vs. 29%, respectively, p<0.001). Also a higher success was achieved in cannulation of left common carotid artery using an identical catheter compared with application of conventional methods requiring use of different types of catheter (100% vs. 60%, respectively, p<0.001). No major complication and mortality was found due to use of both methods. However, a statistically insignificant elevation in minor complication was encountered in the patient group who underwent coronary angiography by the conventional method (3% vs. 7%, respectively, p<0.064). CONCLUSIONS: This new method is more easily applicable with a shorter duration for cannulation and localization of LCCA, safer for the patients with use of a limited amount of radio-opaque agent and finally cost-effective by requiring only one type of catheter and a limited.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cateteres/normas , Meios de Contraste/normas , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Cateterismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(6): 1153-1160, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808403

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the factors increased fluoroscopy time during percutaneous nephrolithotomy and investigate the relationship between the 3D segmentation volume ratio of stone to renal collecting system and fluoroscopy time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 102 patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy were analyzed retrospectively. Volume segmentation of both the renal collecting system and stones were obtained from 3D segmentation software with the images on CT data. Analyzed stone volume (ASV), renal collecting system volume (RCSV) measured and the ASV-to-RCSV ratio was calculated. Several parameters were evaluated for their predictive ability with regard to fl uoroscopy time. RESULTS: The stone-free rate was 55.9% after the percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Complications occurred in 31(30.4%) patients. The mean fluoroscopy time was 199.4±151.1 seconds. The fl uoroscopy time was significantly associated with the ASV-to-RCSV ratio (p<0.001, r=0.614). The single tract was used in 77 ( 75.5%) cases while multiple tracts were used in 25 (24.5%) cases. Fluoroscopy time was significantly associated with multiple access (p<0.001, r=0.689). On univariate linear regression analysis, longer fluoroscopy time was related with increased stone size, increased stone volume, increased number of access, increased calyx number with stone, increased ASV-to-RCSV, increased operative time and decreased stone essence. On multivariate linear regression analysis, the number of access and the ASV-to-RCSV were independent predictors of fluoroscopy time during percutaneous nephrolithotomy. CONCLUSIONS: The distribution of the stone burden volume in the pelvicalyceal system is a significant predictor for prolonged fluoroscopy time during percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Measures to decrease FT could be benefi cial in patients with a high ASV-to-RCSV ratio for precise preoperative planning.


Assuntos
Fluoroscopia/métodos , Cálculos Renais/patologia , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição à Radiação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2019: 6598637, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772540

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare feasibility, effectiveness, safety, and outcome of atrial septal defect (ASD) device closure in children with and without fluoroscopy guidance. Methods and Results: Children undergoing transcatheter ASD closure between 2002 and 2016 were included into this single center, retrospective study. Patients were analysed in two groups [1: intraprocedural fluoroscopy ± transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) guidance; 2: TOE guidance alone]. Three-hundred-ninety-seven children were included, 238 (97 male) in group 1 and 159 (56 male) in group 2. Two-hundred-twenty-nine of 238 (96%) patients underwent successful fluoroscopy guided ASD closures versus 154/159 (97%) successful procedures with TOE guidance alone. Median weight (IQR) at intervention was 20kg (16.0-35.0) in group 1 versus 19.3kg (16.0-31.2) in group 2. Mean (SD) preinterventional ASD diameter was 12.4mm (4.4) in group 1 versus 12.2mm (3.9) in group 2. There was no significant difference in number of defects or characteristics of ASD rims. Median procedure time was shorter in group 2 [60min (47-86) versus 34min (28-44)]. Device-size-to-defect-ratio was similar in both groups [group 1: 1.07 versus group 2: 1.09]. There were less technical intraprocedural events in group 2 [10 (6.3%) versus 47 (20%)]. Intraprocedural complications were less frequent in group 2 [1 (0.6%) versus 8 (3.3%)]. Conclusion: Transcatheter ASD device closure with TOE guidance alone (i.e., without fluoroscopy) is as effective and safe as ASD closure with fluoroscopy guidance. As fluoroscopy remains an important adjunct to transoesophageal echocardiography, especially in complex defects and complications, procedures are always performed in a fully equipped cardiac catheterization laboratory.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interatrial , Implantação de Prótese , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Comunicação Interatrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Interatrial/epidemiologia , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Implantação de Prótese/instrumentação , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suíça/epidemiologia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(46): e17959, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725656

RESUMO

Observational phantom study.This study aimed to evaluate the radiation exposure dose of practitioner's hands when performing C-arm guided procedures and to determine the usefulness of our newly designed radiation shielding device.C-arm guided procedures including lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFESIs) are commonly used for pain control induced by lumbar radiculopathy. The practitioner's hands are vulnerable to radiation exposure because of the long exposure time and short distance from the radiation resource. No studies to date have reported the cumulative exposure of the physician's hands according to location and exposure time.Using a chest phantom irradiated with X-rays under lumbar TFESI conditions, cumulative scatter radiation dose was measured at 36 points using a dosimeter. The measurements were checked at 1, 3, 5, 10 minutes of radiation exposure. The experiment was repeated using our newly designed shielding device.Significant radiation accumulation was observed in the field where the practitioner's hands might be placed during C-arm guided procedures. The further the distance from the radiation resource and the shorter the exposure time, the smaller was the cumulative radiation expose dose. The new shielding device showed an excellent shielding rate (66.0%-99.9%) when the dosimeter was within the shielding range. However, at some points, increased accumulated radiation exposure dose was observed, although the dosimeter was within the range of the shielding device.To reduce radiation exposure of the practitioner's hands when performing C-arm-guided procedures, the radiation exposure time should be decreased and a greater distance from the radiation resource should be maintained. When using our shielding device, placing the hand close to the device surface and minimizing the time using fluoroscopy minimized the radiation exposure of the hand.


Assuntos
Fluoroscopia/métodos , Mãos/efeitos da radiação , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Exposição à Radiação/análise , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Humanos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Doses de Radiação , Proteção Radiológica , Processo Xifoide/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 91(5): 336-343, nov. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186771

RESUMO

Introducción: Los neonatos afectos de atresia pulmonar con tabique interventricular íntegro y estenosis pulmonar crítica representan un espectro amplio, incluyendo aquellos con hipoplasia significativa del ventrículo derecho. La presencia de fístulas arteriales coronarias a ventrículo derecho puede ser una contraindicación para la descompresión del ventrículo derecho. El principal objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar los resultados a corto y largo plazo durante 20 años de estos pacientes, e identificar los factores diferenciales entre ambos grupos incluyendo aquellos pacientes afectos por fístulas arteriales coronarias. Pacientes y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo donde se identificaron todos los pacientes diagnosticados de atresia pulmonar con septo interventricular íntegro y estenosis pulmonar crítica entre los meses de enero de 1996 y enero de 2018. Se recogieron y analizaron las características morfológicas del ventrículo derecho, el manejo quirúrgico, la intervención percutánea y la evolución a corto y a largo plazo. Resultados: Fueron incluidos cincuenta y un pacientes. Un total de 9 (17,6%) fallecieron durante el seguimiento. Ninguno de ellos presentaba fístulas arteriales coronarias a ventrículo derecho. La mediana de seguimiento de los restantes 42 supervivientes fue de 8,9 años (rango: 1-16). La clase funcional según la New York Heart Association en la revisión más reciente fue de 1,2. Los supervivientes del grupo de estenosis pulmonar crítica presentaban una clase funcional de 1,1 y los del grupo de atresia pulmonar con tabique interventricular íntegro de 1,6. No hubo diferencias entre los pacientes que presentaban fístulas arteriales coronarias a ventrículo derecho y los que no. Conclusiones: La presencia de fístulas arteriales coronarias a ventrículo derecho no es una contraindicación para la vía biventricular. Los pacientes con estenosis pulmonar crítica presentan una mejor evolución que los afectos de atresia pulmonar con tabique interventricular íntegro. La estrategia de apertura agresiva y precoz de la válvula pulmonar tiene una buena supervivencia global correlacionada con una buena clase funcional


Introduction: Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and critical pulmonary stenosis in newborns encompasses a wide spectrum of disease, including cases with significant right ventricular hypoplasia and coronary artery to right ventricle fistulae, which may be considered a contraindication for decompression of the right ventricle. The aim of this study was to review the middle- and long-term outcomes of these patients over 20 years and identify differential factors between both groups, including patients with coronary artery fistulae. Patients and methods: We performed a descriptive retrospective study by identifying all patients that received a diagnosis of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and critical pulmonary stenosis between January 1996 and January 2018. We collected and analysed data regarding right ventricular morphology, surgical management, percutaneous intervention and medium- and long-term outcomes. Results: 51 patients were admitted. A total of 9 patients (17.6%) died during the follow up. None of the deceased patients had coronary artery to right ventricle fistulae. The median length of follow up in the 42 survivors was 8.9 years (1-16). The functional class based on the latest revision of the New York Heart Association classification was 1.2 for the overall sample. Survivors of critical pulmonary stenosis had a functional class of 1.1, and survivors of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum a functional class of 1.6. There were no differences based on the presence or absence of coronary artery to right ventricle fistulae. Conclusions: Coronary artery to right ventricle fistulae may not be a contraindication for biventricular strategy. Patients with critical pulmonary stenosis had better outcomes compared to patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. The aggressive strategy of opening the pulmonary valve early on was associated with a good overall survival and correlated to a good functional class


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Atresia Pulmonar/terapia , Septo Interventricular , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Ondas de Rádio/uso terapêutico , Fluoroscopia/métodos
17.
Radiat Res ; 192(6): 649-661, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609677

RESUMO

Assessment of health effects from low-dose radiation exposures in patients undergoing diagnostic imaging is an active area of research. High-quality dosimetry information pertaining to these medical exposures is generally not readily available to clinicians or epidemiologists studying radiation-related health risks. The purpose of this study was to provide methods for organ dose estimation in pediatric patients undergoing four common diagnostic fluoroscopy procedures: the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series, the lower gastrointestinal (LGI) series, the voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) and the modified barium swallow (MBS). Abstracted X-ray film data and physician interviews were combined to generate procedure outlines detailing X-ray beam projections, imaged anatomy, length of X-ray exposure, and presence and amount of contrast within imaged anatomy. Monte Carlo radiation transport simulations were completed for each of the four diagnostic fluoroscopy procedures across the 162-member (87 males and 75 females) University of Florida/National Cancer Institute pediatric phantom library, which covers variations in both subject height and weight. Absorbed doses to 28 organs, including the active marrow and bone endosteum, were assigned for all 162 phantoms by procedure. Additionally, we provide dose coefficients (DCs) in a series of supplementary tables. The DCs give organ doses normalized to procedure-specific dose metrics, including: air kerma-area product (µGy/mGy · cm2), air kerma at the reference point (µGy/µGy), number of spot films (SF) (µGy/number of SFs) and total fluoroscopy time (µGy/s). Organs accumulating the highest absorbed doses per procedure were as follows: kidneys between 0.9-25.4 mGy, 1.1-16.6 mGy and 1.1-9.7 mGy for the UGI, LGI and VCUG procedures, respectively, and salivary glands between 0.2-3.7 mGy for the MBS procedure. Average values of detriment-weighted dose, a phantom-specific surrogate for the effective dose based on ICRP Publication 103 tissue-weighting factors, were 0.98 mSv, 1.16 mSv, 0.83 mSv and 0.15 mSv for the UGI, LGI, VCUG and MBS procedures, respectively. Scalable database of organ dose coefficients by patient sex, height and weight, and by procedure exposure time, reference point air kerma, kerma-area product or number of spot films, allows clinicians and researchers to compute organ absorbed doses based on their institution-specific and patient-specific dose metrics. In addition to informing on patient dosimetry, this work has the potential to facilitate exposure assessments in epidemiological studies designed to investigate radiation-related risks.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Doses de Radiação , Radiometria/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Bário/farmacocinética , Criança , Simulação por Computador , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Método de Monte Carlo , Radiografia , Distribuição Tecidual
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17333, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593082

RESUMO

Patients with structural heart disease (SHD) are more difficult to ablate than those with a structurally healthy heart. The reason may be technical problems. We compared periprocedural data in unselected patients (including SHD group) recruited for zero-fluoroscopy catheter ablation (ZF-CA) of supraventricular arrhythmias (SVTs).Consecutive adult patients with atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT), accessory pathways (AP), atrial flutter (AFL), and atrial tachycardia (AT) were recruited. A 3-dimensional electroanatomical mapping system (Ensite Velocity, NavX, St Jude Medical, Lake Bluff, Illinois) was used to create electroanatomical maps and navigate catheters. Fluoroscopy was used on the decision of the first operator after 5 minutes of unresolved problems.Of the 1280 patients ablated with the intention to be treated with ZF approach, 174 (13.6%) patients with SHD (age: 58.2 ±â€Š13.6; AVNRT: 23.9%; AP: 8.5%; AFL: 61.4%; and AT: 6.2%) were recruited. These patients were compared with the 1106 patients with nonstructural heart disease (NSHD) (age: 51.4 ±â€Š16.4; AVNRT: 58.0%; AP: 17.6%; AFL: 20.7%; and AT: 3.7% P ≤ .001). Procedural time (49.9 ±â€Š24.6 vs 49.1 ±â€Š23.9 minutes, P = .55) and number of applications were similar between groups (P = 0.08). The rate of conversion from ZF-CA to fluoroscopy was slightly higher in SHD as compared to NSHD (13.2% vs 7.8%, P = .02) while the total time of fluoroscopy and radiation doses were comparable in the group of SHD and NSHD (P = .55; P = .48).ZF-CA is feasible and safe in majority of patients with SHD and should be incorporated into a standard approach for SHD; however, the procedure requires sufficient experience.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Taquicardia Supraventricular/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Arritmias Cardíacas/congênito , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Taquicardia Supraventricular/congênito , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 108-114, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587696

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess the role of videofluorography (VFG) in the evaluation of swallowing and oesophageal peristalsis in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: From June 2014 to September 2017, 55 consecutive SSc patients, defined according to the 2013 ACR/EULAR classification criteria, underwent VFG study using a remote-controlled digital device. In order to evaluate possible abnormalities, 18 dynamic parameters were chosen, dividing the act of swallowing into three phases: oral, pharyngeal and oesophageal phases. The following dynamic radiological findings were considered: veil motility in phonation, leakage, drooling, salivation and presence of residues in the oral cavity, pharyngeal residues, penetration, aspiration, altered motility of the upper oesophageal sphincter, efficacy of primary peristaltic contractions, oesophageal clearance capacity, reflux, oesophagitis and motility of the lower oesophageal sphincter. RESULTS: The VFG study was well tolerated in all patients. Dysfunctions of oesophageal motility were common and included abnormal motility of UES (12.7%) and LES (76.4%), inadequate primary peristalsis (52.7%), abnormal secondary peristalsis (29.1%) and non-peristaltic contractions (40%). A defective oesophageal clearance was observed in 69.4% of patients. Moreover, most patients presented signs of oesophageal reflux (63.6%), oesophagitis (81.8%) and hiatal hernia (80%). Pharyngeal abnormalities were less common and involved up to 50% of patients. Oesophageal dysfunction and defective clearance were associated with dcSSc and pulmonary involvement. CONCLUSIONS: The VFG study is a useful technique for the morphological and functional evaluation of swallowing in SSc patients.


Assuntos
Cinerradiografia/métodos , Transtornos de Deglutição , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Humanos , Masculino , Manometria , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peristaltismo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17056, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574803

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Swallowing apraxia is defined as dysfunction in oral phase caused by the deficit in the coordination of tongue, lip, and chin movements, without motor weakness, sensory loss, and cognitive decline and has not been reported yet. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 69-year-old male with personal medical history of ischemic stroke about 10 years ago newly developed right striatocapular infarction. He had a problem in the oral phase of swallowing after recurrent ischemic strokes. DIAGNOSES: He was diagnosed as swallowing apraxia via bed side examination and videofluoroscopic swallowing study. INTERVENTION: Videofluoroscopic swallowing study was done in this case. OUTCOMES: Symptoms and findings of VFSS were not improved after 2 months treatment. LESSONS: This case implies that a clinician should be alert to swallowing apraxia as a possible cause when a patient with recurrent strokes complains of oral phase dysfunction of swallowing and considers proper diagnostic option such as videofluoroscopic swallowing study.


Assuntos
Apraxias/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Idoso , Apraxias/diagnóstico por imagem , Apraxias/fisiopatologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos de Deglutição/fisiopatologia , Fluoroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Lábio/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Recidiva , Língua/fisiopatologia , Gravação em Vídeo
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