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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 106-114, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247959

RESUMO

Las estrategias para el éxito en la rehabilitación bucal requieren de la interrelación de varias disciplinas que en conjunto logren resultados predecibles y duraderos. La visión individualizada de cada área de especialidad puede conllevar a no ofrecer la mejor alternativa de tratamiento, es por ello que la valoración, el diagnóstico y la planificación del caso clínico debe ser realizada por un equipo interdisciplinario para evitar esta situación y crear una sinergia en donde el «todo sea mayor que la suma de sus partes¼. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un caso clínico en el cual intervinieron varias áreas de especialidad: periodoncia, prostodoncia, cirugía oral y patología bucal, logrando devolver la función y la estética a través del manejo interdisciplinario (AU)


The strategies for success in oral rehabilitation require the interrelation of several disciplines, which together, achieve predictable and lasting results. The individualized view of each specialty area may lead to not offering the best treatment alternative, which is why the assessment, diagnosis, and planning of the clinical case must be carried out by an interdisciplinary team to avoid this situation and create a synergy in where the «whole is greater than the sum of its parts¼. The objective of this work is to present a clinical case where several areas of specialty intervened: periodontics, prosthodontics, oral surgery, and oral pathology, thus achieving the return of function and aesthetics through interdisciplinary management (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Pré-Protéticos Bucais/métodos , Reabilitação Bucal , Periodontite/terapia , Faculdades de Odontologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Fotografia Dentária , Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Prótese Total Imediata , Estética Dentária , Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar/métodos , Freio Labial/cirurgia , México
2.
J Dent ; 107: 103615, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to apply deep learning to detect white spot lesions in dental photographs. METHODS: Using 434 photographic images of 51 patients, a dataset of 2781 cropped tooth segments was generated. Pixelwise annotations of sound enamel as well as fluorotic, carious or other types of hypomineralized lesions were generated by experts and assessed by an independent second reviewer. The union of the reviewed annotations were used to segment the hard tissues (region-of-interest, ROI) of each image. SqueezeNet was employed for modelling. We trained models to detect (1) any white spot lesions, (2) fluorotic lesions and (3) other-than-fluorotic lesions. Modeling was performed on both the cropped and the ROI images and using ten-times repeated five-fold cross-validation. Feature visualization was applied to visualize salient areas. RESULTS: Lesion prevalence was 37 %; the majority of lesions (24 %) were fluorotic. None of the metrics differed significantly between the models trained on cropped and ROI imagery (p > 0.05/t-test). Mean accuracies ranged between 0.81-0.84, without significant differences between models trained to detect any, fluorotic or other-than-fluorotic lesions (p > 0.05). Specificities were 0.85-0.86; sensitivities were lower (0.58-0.66). Models to detect any lesions showed positive/negative predictive values (PPV/NPV) between 0.77-0.80, those to detect fluorotic lesions 0.67 (PPV) to 0.86 (NPV), and those to detect other-than-fluorotic lesions 0.46 (PPV) to 0.93 (NPV). Light reflections were the main reason for false positive detections. CONCLUSIONS: Deep learning showed satisfying accuracy to detect white spot lesions, particularly fluorosis. Some models showed limited stability given the small sample available. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Deep learning is suitable for automated classification of retro- or prospectively collected imagery and may assist practitioners in discriminating white spot lesions. Future studies should expand the scope into more granular multi-class detections on a larger and more generalizable dataset.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Cárie Dentária , Fluorose Dentária , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Fotografia Dentária , Projetos Piloto
3.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(3): e3117, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126526

RESUMO

RESUMO Introdução: Avanços no campo da Odontologia Estética têm proporcionado métodos cada vez mais inovadores na construção de um sorriso funcional e harmonioso. O elevado grau de exigência do paciente por detalhes e por sorrisos personalizados evidencia a necessidade do clínico em lançar mão de meios que facilitem a comunicação para o melhor entendimento de seus pacientes em relação ao tratamento proposto. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão de literatura sobre Planejamento Digital do Sorriso em Odontologia. Métodos: Com caráter atual e integrativo, esta revisão de literatura foi realizada utilizando os descritores estética dentária, sorriso e fotografia dentária, em portugês, inglês e espanhol, obtendo 302 artigos, dos quais foram utilizados 51 artigos e 1 livro como base científica para o estudo, obedecendo os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Análise e integração da informação: Os avanços na informática, fotografia digital e processamento de imagens, bem como a redução dos custos envolvidos, têm proporcionado que um planejamento tradicional em odontologia para tratamentos estéticos tenha evoluído para um planejamento digital, fornecendo uma visão ampla do diagnóstico, melhorando a comunicação entre paciente e equipe profissional envolvida, tornando o tratamento mais previsível, facilitando a compreensão e permitindo sua análise crítica e participação mais ativa no planejamento. Considerações finais: As técnicas utilizadas para realização do Planejamento Digital do Sorriso tornam os procedimentos mais previsíveis, melhorando a visualização e compreensão das etapas a serem realizadas. O conceito de Visagismo não apresenta embasamento científico suficiente. Aplicações de conceitos de proporção áurea na odontologia têm sido bastante estudadas, porém seu uso não é consensual por existirem outros parâmetros(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: Avances en el campo de la Odontología Estética han proporcionado métodos cada vez más innovadores en la construcción de una sonrisa funcional y armoniosa. El alto grado de exigencia del paciente por detalles y por sonrisas personalizadas evidencia la necesidad de que el clínico use medios que faciliten la comunicación para una mejor comprensión de sus pacientes con respecto al tratamiento propuesto. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión de literatura sobre planificación digital de la sonrisa en odontología. Métodos: Esta revisión de literatura se realizó utilizando los descriptores "estética dental", "sonrisa" y "fotografía dentaria", en portugués, inglés y español. Se recuperaron un libro y 302 artículos, de los cuales, el libro y 51 artículos fueron utilizados como base científica para el estudio. Análisis e integración de la información: Los avances en la informática, fotografía digital y procesamiento de imágenes, así como la reducción de los costos involucrados, han permitido que una planificación dental tradicional en odontología para tratamientos estéticos evolucione hacia la planificación digital y proporcione una visión amplia del diagnóstico. Esto ha mejorado la comunicación entre los pacientes y los equipos de profesionales involucrados y ha hecho el tratamiento más previsible. Así se ha facilitado la comprensión del paciente, se ha permitido su análisis crítico y su participación más activa en la planificación. Consideraciones finales: Las técnicas utilizadas para realizar la planificación digital de la sonrisa hacen los procedimientos más previsibles y mejora la visualización y comprensión de cada etapa. El concepto de Visagismo no presenta un fundamento científico suficiente. Las aplicaciones de conceptos de proporción áurea en la odontología han sido bastante estudiadas, pero, por existir otros parámetros, su uso no es consensual(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Advances in the field of aesthetic dentistry have provided increasingly innovative methods for building a functional and harmonious smile. The high degree of patient demand for details and for personalized smiles shows the need for clinicians to use means that facilitate communication for better understanding of their patients regarding the proposed treatment. Objective: To carry out a literature review on digital smile planning in dentistry. Methods: This literature review was performed using the descriptors estética dental [dental aesthetics], sonrisa [smile], and fotografía dental [dental photography], in Portuguese, English and Spanish. A book and 302 articles were retrieved, of which the book and 51 articles were used as scientific basis for the study. Information analysis and integration: Advances in computer science, digital photography and image processing, as well as the reduction of costs involved, have allowed traditional dental planning in dentistry for aesthetic treatments to evolve towards digital planning and to provide comprehensive diagnostic insight. This has improved communication between patients and professional teams involved and has made treatment more predictable. Thus, the patient's understanding has been facilitated, as well as is has permitted his or her critical analysis and more active participation in planning. Final considerations: The techniques used to carry out digital smile planning make the procedures more predictable and improve the visualization and understanding in each stage. The concept of visagism does not present a sufficient scientific basis. The applications of golden ratio concepts into dentistry have been extensively studied, but, due to the existence of other parameters, their use is not consensual(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Sorriso/fisiologia , Fotografia Dentária/métodos , Estética Dentária , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
4.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 188, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Photographs can help non-dental professional caregivers to identify problems when inspecting the mouth of care-dependent older individuals. This study evaluated whether the assessment of oral health-related conditions presented in photographs differed between dentists and non-dental professional caregivers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred-and-seventy-nine photographs were taken from long-term care facility residents and from patients at the Department of Dentistry of a University Hospital. The following oral health aspects were depicted: denture hygiene, oral hygiene, teeth, gums, tongue and palate/lips/cheeks. Collection continued until for each oral health aspect a pool of photographs was available that showed conditions from perfect health and hygiene to severe problems. A segmented Visual Analogue Scale was applied to assess the conditions presented in the photographs. Each photograph was assessed by each participant of this study. The benchmark was established by three dentists with academic-clinical expertise in gerodontology, special needs dentistry and periodontology. For each photograph, they provided a collective score after reaching consensus. Photographs were assessed individually by 32 general dentists and by 164 non-dental professional caregivers. Linear mixed effects models and generalized linear mixed effects models were fitted and mean squared errors were computed to quantify differences between both groups. RESULTS: For the different oral health aspects, absolute distances from the benchmark scores were 1.13 (95%CI:1.03-1.23) to 1.51 (95%CI:1.39-1.65) times higher for the caregivers than for the dentists. The odds to overestimate the condition were higher for the caregivers than the dentists for oral hygiene (OR = 0.72, 95%CI = 0.62-0.84) and teeth (OR = 0.74; 95%CI = 0.61-0.88). The odds to underestimate the condition were higher for the caregivers than the dentists for gums (OR = 1.39; 95%CI:1.22-1.59) and palate/lips/cheeks (OR = 1.22; 95%CI = 1.07-1.40). Over all assessments, the variance in caregiver scores was 1.9 (95%CI:1.62-2.23) times higher than that for the dentists. CONCLUSION: Small but significant differences were found between dentists and non-dental professional caregivers assessing oral health-related conditions presented in photographs. When photographs are used to aid non-dental professional caregivers with the oral health assessment, these visualizations should be complemented with comments to facilitate accurate interpretation.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Odontólogos , Pessoal de Saúde , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Fotografia Dentária , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações , Higiene Bucal
5.
Ortodoncia ; 84(167): 80-93, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147798

RESUMO

Para adecuarnos a los objetivos estéticos de la ortodoncia actual, y con el fin de lograr una planificación más eficiente, hemos propuesto una modificación al objetivo visual de tratamiento (VTO) tradicional de Ricketts. En este método, sugerimos comenzar la planificación ortodóncica evaluando la estética de los tejidos blandos y la sonrisa del paciente, de forma individualizada para cada caso según su arquetipo facial, tomando como punto de partida la posición deseada del incisivo superior, dando importancia a las posibilidades de modificación del plano oclusal, de la altura del tercio inferior de la cara y de la proyección del mentón a partir de la autorrotación mandibular. Durante este proceso se utilizan, además de la telerradiografía de perfil, las fotos del paciente de frente y de perfil para planear cambios de forma visual, a través del efecto morphing, todo esto facilitado por el uso de un software de diseño(AU)


For adapting us to the aesthetics objectives of today's orthodontics, and in order to achieve a more efficient planning, we have proposed a modification to the traditional Ricketts' visual treatment objective - VTO. In this method, we suggest starting orthodontic planning by evaluating the aesthetics of soft tissues and the smile of the pacient, in a customized way for each case according to facial archetype, taking as a starting point the desired position of the upper incisor, giving importance to the possibilities for occlusal plane changing, to the height of the lower third of the face and to the projection of the chin from the mandibular autorotation. During this process, in addition to profile teleradiography, full-face and profile pictures of the patient are used to plan visual changes through morphing, all of this was facilitated by the use of design software(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sorriso , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Fotografia Dentária , Oclusão Dentária , Estética Dentária , Incisivo , Maxila , Cefalometria , Lábio
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 136, 2020 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interdental rubber picks (IRP) have become a frequent and convenient alternative for interdental cleaning. However, only little evidence exists supporting the effectiveness of newer designs available on the market. Therefore, a new in vitro model was evaluated to measure the experimental cleaning efficacy (ECE), as well as the force needed for insertion and during the use of IRP, with high reproducibility. METHODS: Five different sizes of commercially marketed IRP with elastomeric fingers (IRP-F) (GUM SOFT-PICKS® Advanced, Sunstar Deutschland GmbH, Schönau, Germany) or slats (IRP-S) (TePe EasyPick™, TePe D-A-CH GmbH, Hamburg, Germany) were tested. Interdental tooth surfaces were reproduced by a 3D-printer (Form 2, Formlabs Sommerville, MA, USA) according to human teeth and matched to morphologically equivalent pairs (isosceles triangle, concave, convex) fitting to different gap sizes (1.0 mm, 1.1 mm, 1.3 mm). The pre-/post brushing situations at interdental areas (standardized cleaning, computer aided ten cycles) were photographically recorded and quantified by digital image subtraction to calculate ECE [%]. Forces were registered with a load cell [N]. RESULTS: IRP-F have to be inserted with significant higher forces of 3.2 ± 1.8 N compared to IRP-S (2.0 ± 1.6 N; p < 0.001) independent of the size and type of artificial interdental area. During cleaning process IRP-S showed significantly lower values for pushing/pulling (1.0 ± 0.8 N/0.5 ± 0.4 N) compared to IRP-F (1.6 ± 0.8 N/0.7 ± 0.3 N; p < 0.001) concomitant to significantly lower ECE (19.1 ± 9.8 vs. 21.7 ± 10.0%, p = 0.002). Highest ECE was measured with largest size of IRP-F/IRP-S independent the morphology of interdental area. CONCLUSIONS: New interdental cleaning aids can be tested by the new experimental setup supported by 3D printing technology. Within the limitations of an in vitro study, IRP-F cleaned more effectively at higher forces compared to IRP-S.


Assuntos
Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Alemanha , Humanos , Fotografia Dentária , Pressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Escovação Dentária/métodos
7.
Quintessence Int ; 51(6): 510-518, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424377

RESUMO

Digital photography has already established its irrefutable importance in today's world. It is becoming an indispensable tool in various fields. In dentistry specifically, photography can be employed in several ways that can be beneficial to the patient and the dental community. It allows a simple and clear depiction of an otherwise abstract concept, but high-quality pictures are always required. The evolution of mobile cameras has made an enormous impact on digital photography and its accessibility: high-quality pictures can now be easily taken. This article explains the assets of smartphone cameras' evolution and how it led to the conception of Smile Lite Mobile Dental Photography. Applications of dental photography are presented, such as documentation and communication with the laboratory technician and the patient. Mobile dental photography is not confined to dentistry but can also be used for artistic purposes. (Quintessence Int 2020;51:510-518; doi: 10.3290/j.qi.a44365; Originally published (in German) in Quintessenz Zahnmedizin 2019(12);70:1408-1417).


Assuntos
Documentação , Fotografia Dentária , Comunicação , Humanos , Fotografação , Sorriso
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936096

RESUMO

Purpose: To present an experimental strategy for successfully capturing the margins of prepared single teeth with an intraoral scanner (IOS). Methods: The protocol was as follows: (1) an intraoral impression was captured with an IOS, without taking care of the visibility of the margins; (2) a partial analog impression was taken by means of a 3D-printed custom tray filled with polyvinylsiloxane light, after the removal of a retraction cord; (3) the hollow portion of the analog impression, with the preparation margins clearly visible, was scanned extraorally with the same IOS; (4) the scan of the analog impression was imported into computer-assisted-design (CAD) software, where its normals were inverted; (5) the scan with inverted normals was registered on the first intraoral scan, and replaced it; (6) the technician designed the final restoration, which was fabricated and delivered for application. The study outcomes were: (1) the marginal adaptation of the final crown; (2) the quality of interproximal contacts; and (3) the quality of occlusal contacts. Results: Thirty patients (18 males, 12 females; mean age 51.3 ± 11.6 years) were selected for this study. All these patients were restored with a monolithic translucent zirconia crown, fabricated following the aforementioned protocol. The clinical precision and the marginal adaptation of the crowns were optimal, interproximal contact points were perfect, and the only necessary adaptations were occlusal, with some minor precontacts that had to be polished. Conclusions: The present protocol seems to be compatible with the fabrication of clinically precise zirconia crowns. Further studies are needed to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Fotografia Dentária/métodos , Impressão Tridimensional , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 42: 101641, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751798

RESUMO

Usually, in forensic sciences, ultraviolet (UV) light is used to induce fluorescence on many samples to identify and evaluate proofs (ex. fibers, gunshot residue, biologic fluids, pigments, inks and fingerprints) and different wavelength are used to better enhance the material characteristics. On the contrary, the potential use of absorbed and reflected UV has not been deeply investigated, especially in forensic odontology. The aim of this study is to evaluate the forensic potential of dental materials UV absorption and reflection and to investigate if different dental tissues and materials interact in different ways with UV radiation. A digital camera modified so to be UV sensible only and a modified flashlight were used to produce images of absorbed/reflected UV radiation of different dental materials. First results show the promising potentials of the technique in detecting dental composite resin materials, in enhancing image contrast between dentin and enamel, in enhancing enamel infractions and in possible age estimation future applications.


Assuntos
Medicina Legal/métodos , Fotografia Dentária/métodos , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Raios Ultravioleta , Resinas Acrílicas , Resinas Compostas , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Humanos , Poliuretanos
10.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1135483

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To determine if protein profiles identified in saliva could be used to determine risk and severity of erosive tooth wear. Material and Methods: Three types of saliva sampling were performed to obtain saliva from 34 18-year old individuals that received regular dental check-ups, along with clinical status of the dentition and risk factor related to erosive tooth wear using the VEDE scale. Protein profiles in saliva were determined using electrophoresis and the calculation of the percentage of a specific band at a specific molecular weight in relationship to the total protein in that sample (% of total) using molecular weight standards. This quantification was repeated for each protein band across a range of molecular weights for each sample to test for association with erosive tooth wear status. Results: There were no differences in the number of detectable proteins sourced from the parotid gland, nor the unstimulated and stimulated whole saliva. Five out of the 34 individuals had no signs of erosive tooth wear despite an acidic diet and were more likely to have proteins with molecular weight smaller than 1 KDa (p=0.03). Conclusion: There is potential for the use of protein profiling to determine risks for erosive tooth wear.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Erosão Dentária/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Esmalte Dentário , Desgaste dos Dentes , Saliva/microbiologia , Proteínas , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fotografia Dentária/instrumentação , Noruega/epidemiologia
11.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(3): 255-264, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1128187

RESUMO

ntrodução:Pacientes com dentes curtos e ameias abertas, relatam muita insatisfação com seusorriso.A gengivoplastia, quando bem indicada, permite oaumento no tamanho da coroa dentária de forma a reduzir a necessidade de aumento incisal com resina composta. A reanatomização com resinas compostas para fechamento de ameias e aumentosincisais representa uma alternativa conservadora, pois trata-se de uma técnicaadesiva diretaque pode ser realizada sem nenhum desgaste dentário. Além disso é uma técnica reversível preferível para pacientes jovens. Objetivo:Apresentar um relato de caso clínico de paciente do sexo masculino, 22 anos, insatisfeito com o tamanho, cor e a forma dos seus dentes anteriores. Descrição do Caso:Ao exame clínico foi observado coroa curta, escurecimento fisiológico, espaços interdentais e desalinhamento das bordas incisais. O plano de tratamento proposto foi encaminhar para a gengivoplastia, clareamento dental pela técnica associada e reanatomização estética dos dentes anteriores com resinacomposta diretaestratificada com diferentescamadas e cores, e posterior texturização superficialdurante as fases de acabamento e polimento finais. Conclusões:Com a gengivoplastiae asrestaurações, obtivemos dentes reanatomizados, reproduzindo naturalidadede forma, textura e cor. Com planejamento e técnica adequada, foi possível restabelecer o sorriso comproporções, forma e naturalidade satisfatórias (AU).


Introduction:Patients with short teeth and open battlements, report a lot of dissatisfaction with their smile. Gingivoplasty, when properly indicated, allows for an increase in the size of the dental crown in order to reduce the need for incisal augmentation with composite resin. Resuscitation with composite resins for the closure of niches and incisal increases represents a conservative alternative, as it is a direct adhesive technique that can be performed without any dental wear. Furthermore, it is a preferable reversible technique for young patients.Objective:To present a case report of a 22-year-old male patient, dissatisfied with the size, color and shape of his anterior teeth.Case Description:The clinical examination showed a short crown, physiological darkening, interdental spaces and misalignment of the incisal edges. The proposed treatment plan was to refer to gingivoplasty, tooth whitening by the associated technique and aesthetic reanatomization of the anterior teeth with stratified direct composite resin with different layers and colors, and later surface texturing during the final polishing and finishing phases. Conclusions:With gingivoplastyand restorations, we obtained reanatomized teeth, reproducing natural form, texture and color. With proper planning and technique, it was possible to restore the smile with satisfactory proportions, shape and naturalness (AU).


Introducción: Los pacientes com dientescortos y almenasabiertas, informanmuchainsatisfaccióncom susonrisa. La gingivoplastia, cuando está indicada adecuadamente, permite un aumento em eltamaño de la corona dental para reducirlanecesidad de aumento incisalcon resina compuesta. La rstauración con resinas compuestas para elcierre de nichos y aumentos incisales representa una alternativa conservadora, ya que es una técnica adesiva directa que se puede realizar sinningún tipo de desgaste dental. Además, es una técnica reversiblepreferible para pacientes jóvenes. Objetivo: Presentar un informe de caso de un paciente masculino de 22 años, insatisfechocom eltamaño, el color y la forma de sus dientes anteriores.Descripcióndel caso:El examen clínico mostró una corona corta, oscurecimiento fisiológico, espaciosinterdentales y desalineación de los bordes incisales. El plan de tratamento propuesto era referirse a lagingivoplastia, elblanqueamiento dental mediante la técnica asociada y lareanatización estética de losdientes anteriores con resina compuestadirecta estratificada con diferentes capas y colores, y luego texturizar lasuperficie durante las fases finales de pulido y acabado. Conclusiones: Com lagingivoplasty yrestauracióndental, obtuvimosdientesreanatomizados, reproduciendo forma, textura y color naturales. Con una planificación y técnica adecuadas, fueposible restaurar lasonrisacon proporciones, forma y naturalidade satisfactorias (AU).


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Adesividade , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Clareadores Dentários , Gengivoplastia , Brasil , Fotografia Dentária/instrumentação
12.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 30(59): 9-20, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223943

RESUMO

El 81,3% de una encuesta realizada a 96 ortodoncistas y ortopedistas calificados y técnicos radiólogos consultados informan que ubican la cabeza del paciente en una posición ideal, subjetiva del profesional instruido que lo asiste, ya que muchas de sus fotografías y telerradiografías no son posiciones naturales de la cabeza genuinas. Se ha utilizado la vertical verdadera como parámetro para mediciones, todas angulares, para definir la disposición ánteroposterior del punto A´ (de construcción) para el cuerpo del labio superior, el punto Pg´para el mentón, el Labrale superior y el Labrale inferior para el bermellón de cada labio, con la finalidad de planificar correcciones ortopédicas, ortodóncicas u ortodóncicas-quirúrgicas de acuerdo a la anomalía detectada (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Postura/fisiologia , Cefalometria/métodos , Cabeça , Ortopedia/métodos , Valores de Referência , Antropometria/métodos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Queixo/anatomia & histologia , Fotografia Dentária , Lábio/anatomia & histologia , Má Oclusão/terapia , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Int J Comput Dent ; 22(4): 343-351, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840142

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the influence of a polarizing filter on the accuracy of dental shade matching using digital photography. A comparison was performed using ΔEab parameters between CIE L*a*b* values obtained from digital images taken under two different conditions (with direct light and with polarized light) and the values given by the dental spectrophotometer SpectroShade Micro, which is considered to be the standard. Color differences (ΔEab) calculated between the parameters recorded with the dental spectrophotometer and polarized photography were below or at the level of the 50:50% acceptability threshold of 2.7 in 23% of the cases. Interdevice agreement found between the dental spectrophotometer and polarized photography exceeded 0.82 for all the three parameters recorded. Digital photography with polarizing filters might be a useful tool for dental shade matching.


Assuntos
Fotografação , Pigmentação em Prótese , Algoritmos , Cor , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Humanos , Fotografia Dentária , Espectrofotometria
14.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 37(4): 360-364, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710010

RESUMO

Background: Smartphone is proved to be reliable in teledentistry model. The aim of the study was to assess the mother's ability in caries diagnosis, utilizing the smartphone-based photographic method. Hypothesis: Mothers have the ability for caries diagnosis utilizing the smartphone photographic method. Methods: A cohort of 100 mothers was given health education regarding dental caries diagnosis. Then, their children from the preschools were screened by the dentist for dental caries using visual examination, followed by clicking intraoral photographs using Motorola 3G phone. The photographs were sent through WhatsApp to respective mothers, and they were asked to diagnose their child's dental status. Accuracy and reliability measures of mother's diagnosis were estimated by calculating the sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and kappa value. Results: The calculated value for sensitivity was 88.3%, specificity was 98.3%, positive predictive value was 92%, negative predictive value was 97%, and accuracy was 96%. There was a strong agreement between mother's and dentist's diagnosis (kappa value of 0.87). Conclusion: Following the dental health education, it can be concluded that mothers are in a better position to diagnose their child's dental status through smartphone-based photographs.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Smartphone , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Mães , Fotografia Dentária , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(3): 420-428, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474272

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to test the accuracy of the 3-dimensional (3D) digital dental models generated by the Dental Monitoring (DM) smartphone application in both photograph and video modes over successive DM examinations in comparison with 3D digital dental models generated by the iTero Element intraoral scanner. METHODS: Ten typodonts with setups of class I malocclusion and comparable severity of anterior crowding were used in the study. iTero Element scans along with DM examination in photograph and video modes were performed before tooth movement and after each set of 10 Invisalign aligners for each typodont. Stereolithography (STL) files generated from the DM examinations in photograph and video modes were superimposed with the STL files from the iTero scans using GOM Inspect software to determine the accuracy of both photograph and video modes of DM technology. RESULTS: No clinically significant differences, according to the American Board of Orthodontics-determined standards, were found. Mean global deviations for the maxillary arch ranged from 0.00149 to 0.02756 mm in photograph mode and from 0.0148 to 0.0256 mm in video mode. Mean global deviations for the mandibular arch ranged from 0.0164 to 0.0275 mm in photograph mode and from 0.0150 to 0.0264 mm in video mode. Statistically significant differences were found between the 3D models generated by the iTero and the DM application in photograph and video modes over successive DM examinations. CONCLUSIONS: 3D digital dental models generated by the DM smartphone application in photograph and video modes are accurate enough to be used for clinical applications.


Assuntos
Confiabilidade dos Dados , Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , Modelos Dentários , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Arco Dental , Humanos , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico por imagem , Aparelhos Ortodônticos/normas , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Ortodontia/normas , Fotografia Dentária , Smartphone , Software , Estereolitografia , Tecnologia Odontológica/métodos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Gravação em Vídeo
16.
Dent Traumatol ; 35(6): 302-308, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177614

RESUMO

Traumatic dental injuries comprise a number of the dental emergency patients who are often seen after hours or on an unscheduled basis in a dental practice environment. Although there are a variety of traumatic dental injuries that can occur, each with their own recommended treatment protocols, the initial evaluation and diagnosis of the traumatized dentition make up a critical aspect of the management of these cases. This article will highlight the key components of a thorough and efficient examination process of the traumatized dentition to include (a) documenting an accurate history of the events causing the injury, (b) performing a systematic clinical examination to include the use of clinical photographs and pulp sensibility tests, (c) obtaining appropriate radiographic images and scans, (d) understanding some considerations unique to evaluating young patients with traumatic injuries, and (e) recognizing the importance of having accurate and thorough documentation of these types of cases. Once the evaluation and diagnosis phase has been completed, the necessary treatment protocols can be initiated in an appropriate manner.


Assuntos
Dentição , Traumatismos Dentários , Perda de Dente , Polpa Dentária/lesões , Documentação , Humanos , Fotografia Dentária , Traumatismos Dentários/diagnóstico , Perda de Dente/diagnóstico , Perda de Dente/etiologia
18.
Med Biol Eng Comput ; 57(8): 1629-1643, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31069699

RESUMO

In the field of dental image processing and analysis, automatic segmentation results of dental hard tissue can provide a useful reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment process. However, the segmentation accuracy is greatly affected due to the limitation of imaging conditions in the oral environment, as well as the complexity of dental hard tissue topology. To further improve the precision of dental hard tissue segmentation, a novel algorithm was presented by using the sparse representation-based classifier and mathematical morphology operations. First, the captured dental image was preprocessed to eliminate the impact of imbalance local illumination. Then, the preliminary dental hard tissue areas were calculated as the initial marker regions based on color characteristics analysis, and the sparse representation-based classifier was applied sequentially to optimize the initial marker regions combined with certain morphological operations. Finally, a modified marker-controlled watershed transform was employed to segment dental hard tissue regions on the basis of the optimized marker regions, and the final results were obtained after homogeneous region merging. The experimental results show that our method has better adaptability and robustness than existing state-of-the-art methods. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Esmalte Dentário/diagnóstico por imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Fotografia Dentária/métodos , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Bases de Dados Factuais , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Humanos , Fotografia Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Dente/patologia , Gravação em Vídeo
19.
J Prosthodont Res ; 63(4): 404-410, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053442

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of the shooting angle variation on linear and planimetric measurements of the pink and white tissues on intraoral photographs. METHODS: From intraoral three-dimensional (3D) scans of the anterior region in 10 patients, ninety-nine two-dimensional (2D) "scan pictures" each were generated with different shooting angles, each varying in 5° horizontal and vertical increments. Eleven intraoral photographs of each patient and tooth site were taken free-hand: one shot at baseline and 5 shots after 3 and 6 months at slightly varying shooting angles. Papilla height (PH) and area (PA) and tooth crown area (TCA) were estimated on all photographs; the "best-match-to-baseline" photograph from those taken at 3 and 6 months was chosen by 6 evaluators. RESULTS: Within the first 10° of deviation from the baseline shooting angle, measurements on the 2D "scan pictures" distorted ≤0.5 mm for PH and ≤10% for PA and TCA. Compared to baseline, only 6 out of 100 photographs presented ≥0.5 mm difference in PH, none of the TCA measurements showed distortion ≥10%, and only in 4 instances a ≥10% distortion of the PA was observed. Poor to moderate inter- and intra-rater agreement in choosing the "best-match-to-baseline" photograph was found, but photographs with clinically relevant changes were only seldomly chosen. CONCLUSIONS: Deviations in the shooting angle ≤10° from the baseline shot cause clinically negligible distortions in linear and planimetric measurements. Highly comparable intraoral photographs of the anterior maxillary teeth can be captured "free-hand" in slightly varying perspective, and then selecting the "best-match-to-baseline".


Assuntos
Fotografia Dentária , Dente , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(2): 9-14, maio/ago. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1006302

RESUMO

A reabilitação funcional e estética com cerâmicas adesivas é uma área da Odontologia em destaque tanto pelos resultados excepcionais que podem ser alcançados como pela demanda da sociedade contemporânea. Várias ferramentas de diagnóstico, planejamento e execução estão disponíveis com o objetivo de alcançar a excelência no tratamento reabilitador estético. O desenho digital do sorriso (DSD) é um dos recursos utilizados, possibilitando além da previsibilidade, comunicação e orientação eficiente da fase laboratorial, também a motivação do paciente. O objetivo desse trabalho foi apresentar um caso clínico de reabilitação oral estética guiado pelo DSD tanto para a abordagem periodontal como para o enceramento estético. Foram planejados e executados 10 laminados cerâmicos em dissilicato de lítio tendo como ponto de partida após exames clínicos, o enceramento e a plástica periodontal virtualmente desenhados. O resultado foi alcançado como almejado pelo paciente e previsto pelo profissional, sendo a presente reabilitação apoiada em criterioso protocolo de execução(AU)


Functional and aesthetic rehabilitation with adhesive ceramics is an area of dentistry that stands out both for the exceptional results that can be achieved and for the demands of contemporary society. Various diagnostic, planning and execution tools are available with the goal of achieving excellence in aesthetic rehabilitation treatment. The digital smile design (DSD) is one of the resources used, enabling not only the predictability, communication and efficient orientation of the laboratory phase, but also the motivation of the patient. The objective of this work was to present a clinical case of oral aesthetic rehabilitation guided by DSD for both the periodontal approach and aesthetic waxing. Ten ceramic laminates in lithium disilicate were designed and executed with virtually new clinical waxing and periodontal plastic as a starting point after clinical examination. The result was achieved as intended by the patient and predicted by the professional, and the present rehabilitation is supported by a judicious implementation protocol(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Fotografia Dentária , Estética Dentária , Reabilitação Bucal , Cerâmica
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