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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 635: 441-455, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599242

RESUMO

Therapeutic modalities and drug formulations play a crucial and prominent role in actualizing effective treatment and radical cures of tumors. However, the therapeutic efficiency was severely limited by tumor recurrence and complex multi-step preparation of formulation. Therefore, the exploration of novel nanoparticles via a simple and green synthesis process for conquering traditional obstacles and improving therapeutic efficiency is an appealing, yet remarkably challenging task. Herein, a universal nanoplatform allows all cancerous cell-targeting, acid-responsive, cell imaging, synergistic chemotherapy, and nucleolar targeted phototherapy function was tactfully designed and constructed by using chemotherapeutic agents ursolic acid (UA), sorafenib (SF), and carbon dots (CDs) photosensitizers (PSs). The designed US NPs were formed by self-assembly of UA and SF associated with electrostatic, π-π stacking, and hydrophobic interactions. After hydrogen bonding reaction with CDs, the obtained (denoted as USC NPs) have a relatively uniform size of an average 125.6 nm, which facilitated the favorable accumulation of drugs at the tumor region through a potential enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect as compared to their counterpart of free CDs solution. Both in vitro and in vivo studies revealed that the advanced platform commenced synergistic anticancer therapeutic potency, imperceptible systematical toxicity, and remarkable reticence towards drug-resistant cancer cells. Moreover, the CDs PSs possess intrinsic nucleolus-targeting ability. Taken together, this theranostics system can fully play the role of "killing three birds with one stone" in a safe manner, implying a promising direction for exploring treatment strategies for cancer and endowing them with great potential for future translational research and providing a new vision for the advancing of an exceptionally forceful protocol for practical cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Antineoplásicos/química , Fototerapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Nanopartículas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
2.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 21(1): 24, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignancy with the second highest mortality and the third highest morbidity worldwide. However, the overall survival of patients is unsatisfactory, thus requiring more effective clinical strategies. Celastrol (CLT), a natural bioactive compound, has been reported to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated apoptosis to exhibit significant antitumor effects against CRC. However, the poor water solubility, low targeting ability, and bioavailability of CLT have limited its application, and CLT-induced protective autophagy weakens its therapeutic efficiency. RESULTS: We designed a targeted chemo-phototherapy nanoplatform (HCR NPs) to improve the application of CLT. The codelivery of IR820 and CLT in HCR NPs solved the water-soluble problem of CLT and enhanced apoptosis via IR820-mediated hyperthermia. In addition, hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) conjugated to hyaluronic acid (HA) not only increased the active targeting of HCR NPs but also inhibited CLT-induced protective autophagy to exacerbate apoptosis, thus achieving an amplified antitumor effect. Importantly, the HCR NPs exhibited an excellent therapeutic effect on CRC both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION: The HCR NPs presented in this study may not merely provide a new reference for the clinical application of CLT but also result in an attractive strategy for CRC treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Terapia Fototérmica , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Fototerapia , Apoptose , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Água , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(3): 3781-3790, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631295

RESUMO

The activation of nanoparticles (NPs) in the tumor microenvironment exerts synergistic therapeutic effects with chemotherapy against multiple cancers. In this study, an NP system prepared using biocompatible MIL-100 NPs was studied as an effective vehicle to deliver oxaliplatin for hepatocellular carcinoma treatment. The NPs were coated with polydopamine (PDA) and NH2-PEGTK-COOH and then loaded with oxaliplatin to create the multi-functional NP Oxa@MIL-PDA-PEGTK. Oxa@MIL-PDA-PEGTK is activated in the tumor microenvironment, causing the generation of cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) via the Fenton reaction and the release of the loaded oxaliplatin. In addition, under near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, Oxa@MIL-PDA-PEGTK can generate hyperthermia at tumor sites. Moreover, owing to the light-induced activation of the Oxa@MIL-PDA-PEGTK NPs, higher drug delivery efficiency, more precise targeted activation, and reduced off-target toxicity were observed in in vitro and in vivo experiments. Taken together, owing to its improved drug delivery efficiency and multi-functional activities, including the ability for targeted chemotherapy coupled with photothermal and chemodynamic therapy, Oxa@MIL-PDA-PEGTK may serve as a new approach for treating hepatocellular carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/farmacologia , Oxaliplatina/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Fototérmica , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Fototerapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Lasers , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 18: 323-337, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700147

RESUMO

Background: Multifunctional stimuli-responsive nanoparticles with photothermal-chemotherapy provided a powerful tool for improving the accuracy and efficiency in the treatment of malignant tumors. Methods: Herein, photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG)-loaded amorphous calcium-carbonate (ICG@) nanoparticle was prepared by a gas diffusion reaction. Doxorubicin (DOX) and ICG@ were simultaneously encapsulated into poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-ss-chondroitin sulfate A (PSC) nanoparticles by a film hydration method. The obtained PSC/ICG@+DOX hybrid nanoparticles were characterized and evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles were analyzed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and MTT assay in 4T1 cells. In vivo antitumor activity of the nanoparticles was evaluated in 4T1-bearing Balb/c mice. Results: PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles were nearly spherical in shape by TEM observation, and the diameter was 407 nm determined by DLS. Owing to calcium carbonate and disulfide bond linked copolymer, PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles exhibited pH and reduction-sensitive drug release. Further, PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles showed an effective photothermal effect under near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation, and improved cellular uptake and cytotoxicity in breast cancer 4T1 cells. Importantly, PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles demonstrated the most effective suppression of tumor growth in orthotopic 4T1-bearing mice among the treatment groups. In contrast with single chemotherapy or photothermal therapy, chemo-photothermal treatment by PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles synergistically inhibited the growth of 4T1 cells. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that PSC/ICG@+DOX nanoparticles with active targeting and stimuli-sensitivity would be a promising strategy to enhance chemo-photothermal cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas Multifuncionais , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Animais , Camundongos , Verde de Indocianina/química , Terapia Fototérmica , Fototerapia/métodos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Doxorrubicina , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(2): 2665-2678, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604154

RESUMO

Although albumin has been extensively used in nanomedicine, it is still challenging to fluorinate albumin into fluorine-19 magnetic resonance imaging (19F MRI)-traceable theranostics because existing strategies lead to severe 19F signal splitting, line broadening, and low 19F MRI sensitivity. To this end, 34-cysteine-selectively fluorinated bovine serum albumins (BSAs) with a sharp singlet 19F peak have been developed as 19F MRI-sensitive and self-assembled frameworks for cancer theranostics. It was found that fluorinated albumin with a non-binding fluorocarbon and a long linker is crucial for avoiding 19F signal splitting and line broadening. With the fluorinated BSAs, paclitaxel (PTX) and IR-780 were self-assembled into stable, monodisperse, and multifunctional nanoparticles in a framework-promoted self-emulsion way. The high tumor accumulation, efficient cancer cell uptake, and laser-triggered PTX sharp release of the BSA nanoparticles enabled 19F MRI-near infrared fluorescence imaging (NIR FLI)-guided synergistic chemotherapy (Chemo), photothermal and photodynamic therapy of xenograft MCF-7 cancer with a high therapeutical index in mice. This study developed a rational synthesis of 19F MRI-sensitive albumin and a framework-promoted self-emulsion of multifunctional BSA nanoparticles, which would promote the development of protein-based high-performance biomaterials for imaging, diagnosis, therapy, and beyond.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Fototerapia/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Emulsões , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Soroalbumina Bovina , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Nanomedicina Teranóstica , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Biomater Adv ; 145: 213263, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623354

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) efficiency is directly affected by the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by photosensitizers. However, ROSs' ultrashort life span and limited diffusion distance restrict the PDT efficiency. Therefore, it is important to control the delivery strategy of photosensitizers for PDT treatment. Herein, the core-satellite nanoreactors were fabricated with oxygen generation and ROS diffusion properties. The hollow CuS encapsulating horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was combined with the cationic photosensitizers (PEI-Ce6). The unique photosensitizers delivery strategy makes the nanoreactors achieve ROS diffusion-enhanced PDT effect. First, HRP in "core" (HRP@CuS) can decompose hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to O2, increasing O2 levels on the surface of the nanoreactor. Second, the Ce6 molecules covalent-linked with PEI are uniformly dispersed on the surface of CuS as a "satellite", avoiding Ce6 aggregation and causing more Ce6 molecules be activated to produce more 1O2. Due to the Ce6 was on the surface of the CuS nanocages, the generated ROS may ensure a larger diffusion range. Meanwhile, the inherently CuS nanocages exhibit photothermal and photoacoustic (PA) effect. The photothermal effect further enhances the ROS diffusion. Under the guidance of PA imaging, nanoreactors exhibit highly efficient hypoxic tumor ablation via photodynamic and photothermal effect. Overall, the core-satellite nanoreactors provide an effective strategy for tumor therapy, further promoting the research of photosensitizers delivery.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Humanos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fototerapia/métodos , Oxigênio , Hipóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Nanotecnologia
7.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 571, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631519

RESUMO

Recently, biocompatible optical sources have been surfacing for new-rising biomedical applications, allowing them to be used for multi-purpose technologies such as biological sensing, optogenetic modulation, and phototherapy. Especially, vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) is in the spotlight as a prospective candidate for optical sources owing to its low-driving current performance, low-cost, and package easiness in accordance with two-dimensional (2D) arrays structure. In this study, we successfully demonstrated the actualization of biocompatible thin-film 930 nm VCSELs transferred onto a Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) carrier. The PDMS feature with biocompatibility as well as biostability makes the thin-film VCSELs well-suited for biomedical applications. In order to integrate the conventional VCSEL onto the PDMS carrier, we utilized a double-transfer technique that transferred the thin-film VCSELs onto foreign substrates twice, enabling it to maintain the p-on-n polarity of the conventional VCSEL. Additionally, we employed a surface modification-assisted bonding (SMB) using an oxygen plasma in conjunction with silane treatment when bonding the PDMS carrier with the substrate-removed conventional VCSELs. The threshold current and maximum output power of the fabricated 930 nm thin-film VCSELs are 1.08 mA and 7.52 mW at an injection current of 13.9 mA, respectively.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Dimetilpolisiloxanos , Fototerapia , Excipientes , Lasers
8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(8): 1094-1097, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625183

RESUMO

Here, we report the simple construction of a supramolecular glycomaterial for the targeted delivery of antibiotics to P. aeruginosa in a photothermally-controlled manner. A galactose-pyrene conjugate (Gal-pyr) was developed to self-assemble with graphene nanoribbon-based nanowires via π-π stacking to produce a supramolecular glycomaterial, which exhibits a 1250-fold enhanced binding avidity toward a galactose-selective lectin when compared to Gal-pyr. The as-prepared glycomaterial when loaded with an antibiotic that acts as an inhibitor of the bacterial folic acid biosynthetic pathway eradicated P. aeruginosa-derived biofilms under near-infrared light irradiation due to the strong photothermal effect of the nanowires accelerating antibiotic release.


Assuntos
Grafite , Nanotubos de Carbono , Grafite/química , Antibacterianos , Galactose , Fototerapia
9.
Lasers Med Sci ; 38(1): 36, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626000

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and light-emitting diode (LED) are currently deployed as promissory treatments for skin repair; however, the mechanisms of their association are not yet evidenced. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the effects of combined treatment with EGF and red LED on the wound healing processes in rats. Adult Wistar rats were randomized in control group (CG) wounds without treatment; wounds submitted to EGF treatment (EGF); wounds submitted to LED treatment (LED); wounds submitted to EGF associated with LED treatments (EGF/LED). Treatments were performed immediately after the surgical procedure and each 24 h, totaling 8 sessions. Moreover, LED was applied before EGF treatment at a single point in the center of the wound. Morphological characteristics and the immunoexpression of COX-2, VEGF, and TGF-ß were measured. The results demonstrated that EGF/LED group presented a higher wound healing index. Additionally, all experimental groups presented similar findings in the histological evaluation, the degree of inflammation, and the area of dermis-like tissue. However, for EGF-treated animals (with or without LED), neoepithelial length was higher. Furthermore, all the treated groups decreased COX-2 and increased VEGF immunoexpression, and only EGF/LED group enhanced the TGF-ß protein expression when compared to the untreated group. This research shows that EGF and LED modulate inflammatory process and increase the vascularity. In addition, treatment of EGF associated with LED promoted a more evident positive effect for increasing TGF-ß expression and may be promising resources in the clinical treatment of cutaneous wounds.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Ratos , Animais , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Ratos Wistar , Cicatrização , Fototerapia
10.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 21(1): 4, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36597067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the promising advancements of current therapeutic approaches is available for the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients, the clinical treatment of SCC still faces many difficulties. The surgical irreparable disfigurement and the postoperative wound infection largely hamper the recovery, and the chemo/radiotherapy leads to toxic side effects. RESULTS: Herein, a novel pH/Hyaluronidase (HAase) dual-stimuli triggered smart nanoprobe FeIIITA@HA has been designed through the biomineralization of Fe3+ and polyphenol tannic acid (TA) under the control of hyaluronic acid (HA) matrix. With the HA residues on the outer surface, FeIIITA@HA nanoprobes can specifically target the SCC cells through the over-expressed CD44, and accumulate in the carcinoma region after intravenously administration. The abundant HAase in carcinoma microenvironment will trigger the degradation of HA molecules, thereby exposing the FeIIITA complex. After ingesting by tumor cells via CD44 mediated endocytosis, the acidic lysosomal condition will further trigger the protonation of TA molecules, finally leading to the Fe3+ release of nanoprobe, and inducing a hybrid ferroptosis/apoptosis of tumor cells through peroxidase activity and glutathione depletion. In addition, Owing to the outstanding T1 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performance and phototermal conversion efficiency of nanoprobes, the MRI-guided photothermal therapy (PTT) can be also combined to complement the Fe3+-induced cancer therapy. Meanwhile, it was also found that the nanoprobes can promote the recruitment of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells to inhibit the tumor growth through the cytokines secretion. In addition, the FeIIITA@HA nanoprobes can be eliminated from the body and no obvious adverse side effect can be found in histological analysis, which confirmed the biosafety of them. CONCLUSION: The current FeIIITA@HA nanoprobe has huge potential in clinical translation in the field of precise diagnosis and intelligent synergistic therapy of superficial SCC. This strategy will promisingly avoid the surgical defects, and reduce the systemic side effect of traditional chemotherapy, paving a new way for the future SCC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fototerapia/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas/química , Microambiente Tumoral
11.
Nanotheranostics ; 7(1): 41-60, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593797

RESUMO

Theranostic nanoparticles (TNPs) is an efficient avenue that culminates both diagnosis and therapy into cancer treatment. Herein, we have formulated a theranostic nanocomposite (NC) with CuS being the ultra-small core component. To ensure stability to the NC, PEI was added which is a vital anchoring group polymer, especially on sulfide surfaces, and adds quality by being a better stabilizer and reducing agent. Additionally, to add stability, specificity, and added photothermal efficiency to the fabricated NC. In addition, encapsulation of indocyanine green (ICG), an efficient NIR absorber, and Folic acid (FA) were conjugated systematically, characterized, and analyzed for photo-stability. The photothermal conversion efficiency of the novel NC (CuS-PEI-ICG-FA) was analyzed at 808 nm, where the NC efficiently converted light energy to heat energy. The NC was also tested for hemocompatibility to clarify and also determined biocompatibility. Surprisingly, damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) from post-PTT of tumor cells activate immunogenic cell death (ICD) for tumor-specific immune responses. The deserving photothermal performance and photo-stability makes the NC an ideal platform for photoacoustic imaging (PAI). A superior contrast was observed for PAI in a concentration-dependent manner enhancing the level of penetration into tissues, thereby better imaging. On account of this study, the newly formulated NC could be utilized as a "nanotheranostic" designed for therapeutic and image diagnostic agent of cancer biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Morte Celular Imunogênica , Fototerapia/métodos , Verde de Indocianina , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Theranostics ; 13(1): 295-323, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593957

RESUMO

Cancer remains a severe threat to human health. To date, although various therapeutic methods, including radiotherapy (RT), chemotherapy, chemodynamic therapy (CDT), phototherapy, starvation therapy, and immunotherapy, have entered a new stage of rapid progress in cancer theranostics, their limited therapeutic effect and significant side effects need to be considered carefully. With the rapid development of nanotechnology, the marriage of nanomaterials and therapeutic methods provides the practical possibility to improve the deficiencies in cancer therapy. Notably, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) composed of ions/clusters and bridging ligands through coordination bonds have been widely applied in cancer therapy to deal with the drawbacks of different therapeutic methods, such as severe side effects, low stability, and poor efficacy, owing to their controllable morphologies, tailorable diameters, diverse compositions, tunable porosities, high specific surface areas, facile functionalization, and good biocompatibility. This review summarizes the recent advanced developments and achievements of multifunctional MOF-based nanoplatforms for cancer therapy through single therapy methods, including RT, chemotherapy, CDT, phototherapy (photodynamic and photothermal therapy), starvation therapy and immunotherapy, and combination therapy methods. Moreover, the prospects and challenges of MOF-based nanoplatforms used in tumor therapy are also discussed.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanoestruturas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/uso terapêutico , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Fototerapia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Nanoestruturas/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614318

RESUMO

Heptamethine cyanine dyes are widely used for in vivo near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging and NIR laser-induced cancer phototherapy due to their good optical properties. Since most of heptamethine cyanine dyes available commercially are highly hydrophobic, they can usually be used for in vivo applications after formation of complexes with blood plasma proteins, especially serum albumin, to increase aqueous solubility. The complex formation between cyanine dyes and albumin improves the chemical stability and optical property of the hydrophobic cyanine dyes, which is the bottom of their practical use. In this study, the complexes between three different heptamethine cyanine dyes, namely clinically available indocyanine green (ICG), commercially available IR-786 and zwitterionic ZW800-Cl, and bovine serum albumin (BSA), were prepared to explore the effect of cyanine dyes on their tumor uptake and retention. Among the three complexes, IR-786©BSA exhibited increased tumor accumulation with prolonged tumor retention, compared to other complexes. Moreover, IR-786 bound to BSA played an important role in tumor growth suppression due to its cytotoxicity. To achieve complete tumor ablation, the tumor targeted by IR-786©BSA was further exposed to 808 nm laser irradiation for effective photothermal cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Corantes , Neoplasias , Humanos , Corantes/química , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/patologia , Fototerapia/métodos , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(1): 651-661, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36591814

RESUMO

Phosphorene, also known as black phosphorus nanosheet (BPNS), has been investigated as a nanoagent for tumor therapy. However, promoting its intracellular accumulation while preventing the cytoplasmic decomposition remains challenging. Herein, for the first time, we propose a chiral BPNS designed through surface engineering based on amino acids with high biocompatibility and an abundant source for application in chirality-dependent tumor phototherapy based on its intracellular metabolism. The advantage of using cysteine (Cys) over other amino acids was that its d, l, or dl-form could efficiently work as the chirality inducer to modify the BPNS through electrostatic interaction and prevent alterations in the intrinsic properties of the BPNS. In particular, d-Cys-BPNS displayed an approximately threefold cytotoxic effect on tumor cells compared with l-Cys-BPNS, demonstrating a chirality-dependent therapy behavior. d-Cys-BPNS not only promoted high intracellular content but also showed resistance to cytoplasmic decomposition. Cys-engineered BPNS also demonstrated chirality-dependent phototherapy effects on tumor-bearing mice, in proximity to the results in vitro. Chiral engineering is expected to open new avenues that could promote the use of BPNS in tumor phototherapy and boost chiral nanomedicine.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Antineoplásicos , Camundongos , Animais , Aminoácidos/química , Cisteína/química , Fototerapia
16.
Theranostics ; 13(2): 483-509, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36632234

RESUMO

Computed tomography (CT), a diagnostic tool with clinical application, comprehensive coverage, and low cost, is used in hospitals worldwide. However, CT imaging fails to distinguish soft tissues from normal organs and tumors because their mass attenuation coefficients are similar. Various CT contrast agents have been developed in recent years to improve the sensitivity and contrast of imaging. Here, we review the progress of nanomaterial-based CT contrast agents and their applications in image-guided therapy. The CT contrast agents are classified according to their components; gold (Au)-based, bismuth (Bi)-based, lanthanide (Ln)-based, and transition metal (TM)-based nanomaterials are discussed. CT image-guided therapy of diseases, including photothermal therapy (PPT), photodynamic therapy (PDT), chemotherapy, radiotherapy (RT), gas therapy, sonodynamic therapy (SDT), immunotherapy, starvation therapy, gene therapy (GT), and microwave thermal therapy (MWTT), are reviewed. Finally, the perspectives on the CT contrast agents and their biomedical applications are discussed.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Meios de Contraste/uso terapêutico , Fototerapia , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Nanoestruturas/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(2): 3253-3265, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36598330

RESUMO

Phototheranostics has attracted considerable attention in the fields of cancer diagnosis and treatment. However, the complete eradication of solid tumors using traditional phototheranostics is difficult because of the limited depth and range of laser irradiation. New phototheranostics enabling precise phototherapy and post-treatment imaging-guided programmed therapy for residual tumors is urgently required. Accordingly, this study developed a novel transformable phototheranostics by assembling hyaluronic acid (HA) with copper-nitrogen-coordinated carbon dots (CDs). In this transformable nanoplatform, named copper-nitrogen-CDs@HA, the HA component enables the specific targeting of cluster determinant (CD) 44-overexpressing tumor cells. In the tumor cells, redox glutathione converts Cu(II) (cupric ions) into Cu(I) (cuprous ions), which confers the novel transformable functionality to phototheranostics. Both in vitro and in vivo results reveal that the near-infrared-light-photoactivated CuII-N-CDs@HA could target CD44-overexpressing tumor cells for precise synergistic photothermal therapy and photodynamic therapy. This study is the first to observe that CuII-N-CDs@HA could escape from lysosomes and be transformed in situ into CuI-N-CDs@HA in tumor cells, with the d9 electronic configuration of Cu(II) changing to the d10 electronic configuration of Cu(I), which turns on their fluorescence and turns off their photothermal properties. This transformable phototheranostics could be used for post-treatment imaging-guided photodynamic therapy on residual tumor cells. Thus, the rationally designed copper-nitrogen-coordinated CDs offer a simple in situ transformation strategy for using multiple-stimulus-responsive precise phototheranostics in post-treatment monitoring of residual tumor cells and imaging-guided programmed therapy.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Carbono , Neoplasia Residual , Cobre/farmacologia , Fototerapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico
18.
Biomacromolecules ; 24(1): 400-412, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36475673

RESUMO

Multimodal collaborative therapy has been recognized as one of the more effective means to eliminate tumors in the current biomedicine research field as compared with monotherapy. Among them, by taking advantage of its high-precision and controllability, phototherapy has become a mainstay of treatment. However, physical encapsulation of free photosensitive units within nanocarriers was one of the main implementations, which might inevitably result in the photosensitizer leakage and side effect. For this purpose, a kind of multifunctional integrated polyprodrug amphiphiles, P(PFO-IG-CPT)-PEG, were prepared by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization from polymerizable pentadecafluorooctan monomers, indocyanine green monomers, reduction-responsive camptothecin monomers, and acid-responsive PEG based methacrylate monomers (GMA(-OH/-PEG)). The resultant copolymers could self-assemble into spherical nanoparticles in water, performing size-deformability in acidic conditions and subsequent disintegration in reduction environment as demonstrated by in vitro experiments. Furthermore, an enhanced CPT release ratio and rate from nanoparticles could be achieved by a NIR irradiation due to the hyperthermia induced by the covalently linked IG moieties. Not only that, because of the sufficient O2 content brought by PFO, the NIR light-triggered generation of 1O2 was also detected in cells. With the combination of CPT-guided chemotherapy as well as NIR light-guided photo-thermal and photodynamic therapies, fatal and irreversible damage to cancer cells was observed by cell experiments; the implanted tumor size in the mouse model was obviously shrunk upon receiving multimodal collaborative therapy. We speculate that such fabricated nanodiagnosis and treatment systems could meet the growing emergency for effective drug delivery, programmed and on-demand drug release, and multimodal integrated therapy.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Animais , Camundongos , Fototerapia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Camptotecina/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(1): 236-248, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36538335

RESUMO

Cancers are among the leading causes of death currently. Conventional radiotherapy and chemotherapy are of limited use in the treatment of some tumors due to their high toxicity and drug resistance. Plasma photothermal therapy has attracted extensive attention for the treatment of tumors due to photothermal properties of plasmonic nanoparticles, such as gold (Au) nanoparticles, to achieve local hyperthermia with low toxicity and high efficiency. Herein, we report a kind of special black noble-metal core-shell nanostructure, with silver (Ag) nanocubes as the core and amino acid-encoded highly branched Au nanorods as the shells (l-CAg@Au and d-CAg@Au). The proposed growth of l-CAg@Au and d-CAg@Au nanocomposites was an amino acid-encoded Stranski-Krastanov mode. Both l-CAg@Au and d-CAg@Au exhibited outstanding photothermal conversion compared to the core-shell structure without amino acids (Ag@Au). d-CAg@Au possessed the best photothermal conversion efficiency (87.28%) among the composite nanoparticles. The antitumor therapeutic efficacy of as-prepared samples was evaluated in vitro and in vivo, and apoptosis analysis was done via flow cytometry. This work reports novel insights for the preparation of special bimetallic branched structures and broadens the application of metal nanomaterials in photothermal tumor therapy.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Prata/química , Ouro/química , Aminoácidos , Fototerapia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
20.
Nanoscale ; 15(3): 1273-1288, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36541678

RESUMO

Photothermal therapy (PTT) has emerged as a very potent therapeutic approach in the treatment of tumors. Gold nanoparticles have gained considerable scientific interest as a photosensitizer due to their absorbance in the near-infrared regions. However, their biodegradation and excretion from the body is a challenge. Various biodegradable systems consisting of liposomes and polymers have been synthesized, but their precise manufacturing and decomposition mechanisms have not yet been explored. Using zein nanoparticles as a template, we have fabricated a glutathione-functionalized gold core shell type of formulation. The scalability of the one-step seedless gold coating process is also reported. The synthesis procedure of these tunable nanoparticles is understood with TEM. The thermal degradation of the material under the physiological conditions is thoroughly examined using UV and TEM. In vitro PTT effectiveness on breast cancer cells is assessed after an extensive in vitro toxicity research. The mechanism of cell death is studied using ROS and cell cycle analysis. The material exhibited good efficacy as a PTT agent in mice and showed non-toxicity up to 14 days. The renal clearance study of the material in mice shows its disintegration into renal clearable minute gold seeds. All the findings suggest biodegradable glutathione-functionalized gold core-shell nanoparticles as potential photothermal cancer treatment agents.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Animais , Camundongos , Ouro/farmacologia , Ouro/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Fototerapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
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