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1.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(37): 20999-21006, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528872

RESUMO

A substantial number of diseases leading to loss of neurologic functions such as Morbus Alzheimer, Morbus Parkinson, or Chorea Huntington are related to the fibrillation of particular amyloidogenic peptides. In vitro amyloid fibrillation strongly depends on admixture with other proteins and peptides, lipids, nanoparticles, surfactants and polymers. We investigated amyloid-beta 1-40 peptide (Aß1-40) fibrillation in mixture with thermoresponsive poly(oligo(ethylene glycol)macrylates), in which the polymer's hydrophobicity is tuned by variation of the number of ethylene glycol-units in the side chain (m = 1-9), the end groups (B = butoxy; C = carboxy; D = dodecyl; P = pyridyldisulfide) and the degree of polymerization (n) of the polymers. The polymers were prepared via RAFT-polymerization, obtaining a broad range of molecular masses (Mn = 700 to 14 600 g mol-1 kDa-1, polydispersity indices PDI = 1.10 to 1.25) and tunable cloud point temperatures (Tcp), ranging from 42.4 °C to 80 °C, respectively. Proper combination of hydrophobic end groups with hydrophilic side chains of the polymer allowed to alter the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of these polymers, which is shown to enhance Aß1-40 aggregation significantly in case of the endgroup D (with n = 16, 23, 56). We observed that the less hydrophilic polymers (m = 1-2) were able to both decrease and elongate the lag (tlag) and characteristic times (tchar) of Aß1-40 fibril formation in dependence of their end groups, molecular mass and hydrophilicity. On the other hand, highly hydrophilic polymers (m = 3, 5, 9) either decreased, or only marginally influenced the lag and characteristic times of Aß1-40 fibrillation, in all cases forming ß-sheet rich fibrils as observed by TEM and CD-spectroscopy. Our results support that balanced hydrophobic and hydrophilic interactions of a polymer with Aß1-40 is important for inhibiting amyloid-formation pathways.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Polímeros/química , Amiloide/química , Amiloide/ultraestrutura , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/ultraestrutura , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/ultraestrutura
2.
Food Chem ; 299: 124985, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279127

RESUMO

Dietary protein peptides from quinoa yoghurt beverage (QYB) fermented with probiotic lactic acid bacteria strains play a protective role against diabetes and hypertension. In this study, the α-glucosidase and ACE inhibitory activities of germination-based protein hydrolysates of QYB were investigated. All protein hydrolysates exhibited a dose and strain-dependent inhibition on the enzymes. The inhibition of α-glucosidase was the highest in QLCSY13 (IC50 = 8.86 mg/mL), while ACE inhibition was the highest in QLCZ (IC50 = 0.03 mg/mL). Overall, QLCSY13 had the highest inhibitory activities, which was ascribed to its relatively higher amino acid contents and hydrophobicity. In addition, the ACE and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of peptide fractions identified by RP-HPLC were 127 ±â€¯4.29 mg/mL and 10.39 ±â€¯4.73 mg/mL respectively. Among the potent inhibitory peptide sequences identified, both LAHMIVAGA and VAHPVF significantly had α-glucosidase and ACE inhibitory activities. Consequently, dietary protein peptides present in QYB had anti-hypertensive and anti-diabetic potentials.


Assuntos
Bebidas/microbiologia , Lactobacillus casei/metabolismo , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Iogurte/microbiologia , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/química , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Fermentação , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química
3.
Food Chem ; 299: 125051, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284245

RESUMO

This study aims to exploit the molecular and cellular mechanisms concerning the functionality of dietary polyphenols (catechin, procyanidin B3, procyanidin C2, epigallocatechin and epigallocatechin gallate) in a nutritional context to prevent Celiac Disease (CD). In that sense, the interaction between the main CD bioactive peptide (32-mer peptide) and some polyphenols was fully characterized at the intestinal level under near physiological conditions by means of different spectroscopic techniques and dynamic simulations. Accordingly, it is proposed that the primarily polyphenol-binding sites on the 32-mer peptide correspond to leucine, tyrosine and phenylalanine containing domains being this interaction entropy-driven. Although procyanidin B3 and trimer C2 had a similar low-affinity constant at 310 K, both procyanidins were able to reduce the 32-mer peptide apical-to-basolateral translocation in in vitro simulated intestinal epithelial barrier thus prospecting the occurrence of additional and still unexplored regulatory mechanisms by which dietary polyphenols might modulate the transepithelial transport of CD bioactive peptides.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Glutens/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Polifenóis/química , Análise Espectral , Glutens/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Transporte Proteico
4.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 81, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are characterized by unique physicochemical and biological properties that allow their employment as highly biocompatible drug carriers. Gelsolin (GSN) is a multifunctional actin-binding protein involved in cytoskeleton remodeling and free circulating actin sequestering. It was reported that a gelsolin derived phosphoinositide binding domain GSN 160-169, (PBP10 peptide) coupled with rhodamine B, exerts strong bactericidal activity. RESULTS: In this study, we synthesized a new antibacterial and antifungal nanosystem composed of MNPs and a PBP10 peptide attached to the surface. The physicochemical properties of these nanosystems were analyzed by spectroscopy, calorimetry, electron microscopy, and X-ray studies. Using luminescence based techniques and a standard killing assay against representative strains of Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus MRSA Xen 30) and Gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa Xen 5) bacteria and against fungal cells (Candida spp.) we demonstrated that magnetic nanoparticles significantly enhance the effect of PBP10 peptides through a membrane-based mode of action, involving attachment and interaction with cell wall components, disruption of microbial membrane and increased uptake of peptide. Our results also indicate that treatment of both planktonic and biofilm forms of pathogens by PBP10-based nanosystems is more effective than therapy with either of these agents alone. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that magnetic nanoparticles enhance the antimicrobial activity of the phosphoinositide-binding domain of gelsolin, modulate its mode of action and strengthen the idea of its employment for developing the new treatment methods of infections.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antifúngicos/química , Gelsolina/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Biofilmes , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Ouro/química , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanoconchas/química , Plâncton , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Rodaminas/química
5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(59): 8595-8598, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276123

RESUMO

The amino acid sequence plays an essential role in amyloid formation. Here, using the central core recognition module of the Aß peptide and its reverse sequence, we show that although both peptides assemble into ß-sheets, their morphologies, kinetics and cell toxicities display marked differences. In addition, the native peptide, but not the reverse one, shows notable affinity towards bilayer lipid model membranes that modulates the aggregation pathways to stabilize the oligomeric intermediate states and function as the toxic agent responsible for neuronal dysfunction.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/toxicidade , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Colesterol/química , Humanos , Cinética , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química , Bicamadas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/toxicidade , Fosfatidilcolinas/química , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Multimerização Proteica , Ratos , Esfingomielinas/química
6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(65): 9649-9652, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339160

RESUMO

Intracellular delivery of bioactive polyphenols is currently evaluated as a protective strategy for cells under pharmaceutical stress. To this end, the 20mer R5 peptide from the marine diatom C. fusiformis was N-terminally modified with a quercetin derivative. This polyphenol-peptide conjugate was used to generate homogeneous silica particles under biomimetic conditions that are efficiently taken up by eukaryotic cells without being cytotoxic. However, not only was accumulation in the cytoplasm of living cells observed via electron and fluorescence microscopy but also translocation into the nucleus. The latter was only seen when the quercetin-peptide conjugate was present within the silica particles and provides a novel targeting option for silica particles to nuclei.


Assuntos
Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes/farmacocinética , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacocinética , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Quercetina/farmacocinética , Dióxido de Silício/farmacocinética , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Biomimética , Diatomáceas/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/toxicidade , Células HT29 , Humanos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/síntese química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/toxicidade , Quercetina/síntese química , Quercetina/toxicidade , Dióxido de Silício/química , Dióxido de Silício/toxicidade
7.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 29(7): 1165-1176, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280529

RESUMO

Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs), produced by Clostridium botulinum, are the most toxic substances known. However, the number of currently approved medical countermeasures for these toxins is very limited. Therefore, studies on therapeutic antitoxins are essential to prepare for toxin-related emergencies. Currently, more than 10,000 Halla horses, a crossbreed between the native Jeju and Thoroughbred horses, are being raised in Jeju Island of Korea. They can be used for equine antitoxin experiments and production of hyperimmune serum against BoNT/A1. Instead of the inactivated BoNT/A1 toxoid, Halla horse was immunized with the receptor-binding domain present in the C-terminus of heavy chain of BoNT/A1 (BoNT/A1-HCR) expressed in Escherichia coli. The anti-BoNT/A1-HCR antibody titer increased rapidly by week 4, and this level was maintained for several weeks after boosting immunization. Notably, 20 µL of the week 24 BoNT/A1-HCR(-immunized) equine serum showed an in vitro neutralizing activity of over 8 international unit (IU) of a reference equine antitoxin. Furthermore, 20 µL of equine serum and 100 µg of purified equine F(ab')2 showed 100% neutralization of 10,000 LD50 in vivo. The results of this study shall contribute towards optimizing antitoxin production for BoNT/A1, which is essential for emergency preparedness and response.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Antitoxina Botulínica/imunologia , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/imunologia , Clostridium botulinum/imunologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Vacinas Bacterianas/química , Antitoxina Botulínica/sangue , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/química , Feminino , Cavalos , Imunização/veterinária , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Neutralização/veterinária , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Coelhos
8.
Int J Oncol ; 55(1): 309-319, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180549

RESUMO

Fusion toxins consisting of an affinity protein fused to toxic polypeptides derived from Pseudomonas exotoxin A (ETA) are promising agents for targeted cancer therapy. In this study, we examined whether fusion toxins consisting of an albumin binding domain­derived affinity protein (ADAPT) interacting with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), coupled to the ETA­derived polypeptides PE38X8 or PE25, with or without an albumin binding domain (ABD) for half­life extension, can be used for specific killing of HER2­expressing cells. The fusion toxins could easily be expressed in a soluble form in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. All constructs had strong affinity for HER2 (KD 10 to 26 nM) and no tendency for aggregation could be detected. The fusion toxins including the ABD showed strong interaction with human and mouse serum albumin [equilibrium dissociation constant (KD) 1 to 3 nM and 2 to 10 nM, respectively]. The in vitro investigation of the cytotoxic potential revealed IC50­values in the picomolar range for cells expressing high levels of HER2. The specificity was also demonstrated, by showing that free HER2 receptors on the target cells are required for fusion toxin activity. In mice, the fusion toxins containing the ABD exhibited an appreciably longer time in circulation. The uptake was highest in liver and kidney. Fusion with PE25 was associated with the highest hepatic uptake. Collectively, the results suggest that fusion toxins consisting of ADAPTs and ETA­derivatives are promising agents for targeted cancer therapy.


Assuntos
ADP Ribose Transferases/administração & dosagem , Toxinas Bacterianas/administração & dosagem , Exotoxinas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Virulência/administração & dosagem , ADP Ribose Transferases/química , ADP Ribose Transferases/genética , ADP Ribose Transferases/farmacocinética , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Albuminas/química , Animais , Toxinas Bacterianas/química , Toxinas Bacterianas/genética , Toxinas Bacterianas/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Exotoxinas/química , Exotoxinas/genética , Exotoxinas/farmacocinética , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/genética , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacocinética , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/química , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacocinética , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície , Distribuição Tecidual , Fatores de Virulência/química , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Fatores de Virulência/farmacocinética
9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 177: 247-258, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158742

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic, fatal and complex neurodegenerative disorder, which is characterized by cholinergic system dysregulation, metal dyshomeostasis, amyloid-ß (Aß) aggregation, etc. Therefore in most cases, single-target or single-functional agents are insufficient to achieve the desirable effect against AD. Multi-Target-Directed Ligand (MTDL), which is rationally designed to simultaneously hit multiple targets to improve the pharmacological profiles, has been developed as a promising approach for drug discovery against AD. To identify the multifunctional agents for AD, we developed an innovative method to successfully conceal the metal chelator into acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor. Briefly, the "hidden" agents first cross the Blood Brain Barrier (BBB) to inhibit the function of AChE, and the metal chelator will then be released via the enzymatic hydrolysis by AChE. Therefore, the AChE inhibitor, in this case, is not only a single-target agent against AD, but also a carrier of the metal chelator. In this study a total of 14 quinoline derivatives were synthesized and biologically evaluated. Both in vitro and in vivo results demonstrated that compound 9b could cross the BBB efficiently, then release 8a, the metabolite of 9b, into brain. In vitro, 9b had a potent AChE inhibitory activity, while 8a displayed a significant metal ion chelating function, therefore in combination, both 9b and 8a exhibited a considerable inhibition of Aß aggregation, one of the observations that plays important roles in the pathogenesis of AD. The efficacy of 9b against AD was further investigated in both a zebrafish model and two different mice models.


Assuntos
Quelantes/farmacologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Nootrópicos/farmacologia , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Acetilcolinesterase/química , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Animais , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Quelantes/síntese química , Quelantes/farmacocinética , Quelantes/toxicidade , Inibidores da Colinesterase/síntese química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacocinética , Inibidores da Colinesterase/toxicidade , Desenho de Drogas , Canal de Potássio ERG1/antagonistas & inibidores , Masculino , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Nootrópicos/síntese química , Nootrópicos/farmacocinética , Nootrópicos/toxicidade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Multimerização Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinolinas/síntese química , Quinolinas/farmacocinética , Quinolinas/toxicidade , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Peixe-Zebra
10.
J Chem Phys ; 150(22): 225101, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202253

RESUMO

Understanding the key factors that govern the rate of protein aggregation is of immense interest since protein aggregation is associated with a number of neurodegenerative diseases. Previous experimental and theoretical studies have revealed that the hydrophobicity, charge, and population of the fibril-prone monomeric state control the fibril formation rate. Because the fibril structures consist of cross beta sheets, it is widely believed that those sequences that have a high beta content (ß) in the monomeric state should have high aggregation rates as the monomer can serve as a template for fibril growth. However, this important fact has never been explicitly proven, motivating us to carry out this study. Using replica exchange molecular dynamics simulation with implicit water, we have computed ß of 19 mutations of amyloid beta peptide of 42 residues (Aß42) for which the aggregation rate κ has been measured experimentally. We have found that κ depends on ß in such a way that the higher the propensity to aggregation, the higher the beta content in the monomeric state. Thus, we have solved a long-standing problem of the dependence of fibril formation time of the ß-structure on a quantitative level.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Multimerização Proteica , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/genética , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Mutação , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/genética , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta , Termodinâmica
11.
Nanoscale ; 11(18): 9185-9193, 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038146

RESUMO

Recent advances in nanotechnology have developed a lot of opportunities for biological applications. In this work, multifunctional MoS2/AuNR nanocomposites with unique high NIR absorption were designed via combining MoS2 nanosheets and gold nanorods (AuNRs). The nanocomposites were synthesized through electrostatic self-assembly and showed high stability and good biocompatibility. Then they were used to modulate the aggregation of amyloid-ß peptides, destabilize mature fibrils under NIR irradiation, and eliminate Aß-induced ROS against neurotoxicity. The inhibition and destabilization effects were confirmed by Thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence assay and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Cell viability assay and ROS assay revealed that MoS2/AuNR nanocomposites could alleviate Aß-induced oxidative stress and cell toxicity. More importantly, both MoS2 nanosheets and AuNRs can be used as NIR photothermal agents, MoS2/AuNR nanocomposites have enhanced ability of disrupting Aß fibrils and improved cell viability by generating local heat under low power NIR irradiation. Our results provide new insights into the design of new multifunctional systems for the treatment of amyloid-related diseases.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanocompostos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Amiloide/química , Amiloide/toxicidade , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Dissulfetos/química , Ouro/química , Humanos , Molibdênio/química , Nanocompostos/toxicidade , Nanotubos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
12.
Chemphyschem ; 20(13): 1680-1689, 2019 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087613

RESUMO

We employed deuterium solid-state NMR techniques under static conditions to discern the details of the µs-ms timescale motions in the flexible N-terminal subdomain of Aß1-40 amyloid fibrils, which spans residues 1-16. In particular, we utilized a rotating frame (R1ρ ) and the newly developed time domain quadrupolar Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (QCPMG) relaxation measurements at the selectively deuterated side chains of A2, H6, and G9. The two experiments are complementary in terms of probing somewhat different timescales of motions, governed by the tensor parameters and the sampling window of the magnetization decay curves. The results indicated two mobile "free" states of the N-terminal domain undergoing global diffusive motions, with isotropic diffusion coefficients of 0.7-1 ⋅ 108 and 0.3-3 ⋅ 106 ad2 s-1 . The free states are also involved in the conformational exchange with a single bound state, in which the diffusive motions are quenched, likely due to transient interactions with the structured hydrophobic core. The conformational exchange rate constants are 2-3 ⋅ 105  s-1 and 2-3 ⋅ 104  s-1 for the fast and slow diffusion free states, respectively.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Amiloide/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Deutério , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Conformação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos
13.
Comput Biol Chem ; 80: 259-269, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048244

RESUMO

In order to study the effects of peptide exposure to oxidative attack, we chose a model reaction in which the hydroxyl radical discretely abstracts a hydrogen atom from the α-carbon of each residue of a highly amyloidogenic region in the human calcitonin hormone, hCT15-19. Based on a combined Molecular Mechanics / Quantum Mechanics approach, the extended and folded L- and D-configuration and radical intermediate hCT15-19 peptides were optimized to obtain their compactness, secondary structure and relative thermodynamic data. The results suggest that the epimerization of residues is generally an exergonic process that can explain the cumulative nature of molecular aging. Moreover, the configurational inversion induced conformational changes can cause protein dysfunction. The epimerization of the central residue to the D-configuration induced a hairpin structure in hCT15-19, concomitant with a possible oligomerization of human calcitonin into Aß(1-42)-like amyloid fibrils present in patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease.


Assuntos
Proteínas Amiloidogênicas/química , Calcitonina/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Humanos , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Modelos Químicos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Oxirredução , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Estereoisomerismo , Termodinâmica
14.
Inorg Chem ; 58(11): 7488-7498, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083932

RESUMO

It was shown that His3 of human copper transporter 1 (hCtr1) prompts the ATCUN-like Cu(II) coordination for model peptides of the hCtr1 N-terminus. Its high Cu(II) affinity is a potential driving force for the transfer of Cu(II) from extracellular Cu(II) carriers to hCtr1. Having a sequence similar to that of hCtr1, hCtr2 has been proposed as another human copper transporter. However, the N-terminal domain of hCtr2 is much shorter than that of hCtr1, with different copper binding motifs at its N-terminus. Employing a model peptide of the hCtr2 N-terminus, MAMHF-am, we demonstrated that His4 provides a unique pattern of Cu(II) complexes, involving Met sulfurs in their Cu(II) coordination sphere. The affinity of Cu(II) for MAMHF-am is a few orders of magnitude lower than that reported for the hCtr1 model peptides at the extracellular pH of 7.4, suggesting a maximal complementary role of Cu(II) binding to hCtr2 in the import of copper from the extracellular space to the cytoplasm. On the other hand, the ability of the hCtr2 model peptide to capture Cu(II) from amino acids and short peptides (potential degradation products of proteins) at pH 5.0 and the known predominant lysosomal localization of hCtr2 support an important potential role of the Cu(II)-hCtr2 interaction in the recovery of copper from lysosomes.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/química , Cobre/metabolismo , Espaço Extracelular/química , Lisossomos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Espaço Extracelular/metabolismo , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica
15.
J Chem Phys ; 150(18): 185102, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091893

RESUMO

Studies have found strong correlations between polymorphism and structural variations in amyloid-ß (Aß) fibrils and the diverse clinical subtypes of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, a detailed understanding of the conformational behavior of Aß fibrils may be an aid to elucidate the pathological mechanisms involved in AD. However, a key point that has been inadvertently underestimated or dismissed is the role of the protonated state at the C-terminal residue of amyloid-ß peptides, which can give rise to intrinsic differences in the morphology and stability of the fibrils. For instance, the effects of the salt bridge formed between the C-terminal residue A42 and the residue K28 on the S-shaped Aß protofibril structure remain unknown and may be different from those in the U-shaped Aß protofibril structures. To address this effect, we explore the stability of the S-shaped protofibrils capped with different C-terminal modifications, including carboxyl group in its deprotonated (COO-) and protonated (COOH) states, by using molecular dynamics simulations. Our findings indicated that the C-terminal deprotonated protofibril is significantly more stable than its C-terminal protonated counterpart due to a well-defined and highly stable zipper-like salt-bridge-chain formed by the ε-NH3 + groups on the sidechain of residue K28 and the C-terminal COO- group at the A42 residue. The revealed underlying molecular mechanism for the different stability of the protofibrils provides insights into the diversity of polymorphism in Aß fibrils.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Modelos Químicos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Conformação Proteica , Estabilidade Proteica , Prótons
16.
Protein Pept Lett ; 26(7): 502-511, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amyloid fibrils in Alzheimer's disease are composed of amyloid-ß (Aß) peptides of variant lengths. Humanin (HN), a 24 amino acid residue neuroprotective peptide, is known to interact with the predominant Aß isoform in the brain, Aß (1-40). METHODS: Here, we constructed smaller segments of Aß and HN and identified residues in HN important for both HN-HN and HN-Aß interactions. Peptides corresponding to amino acid residues 5- 15 of HN, HN (5-15), HN (5-15, L11S), where Leu11 was replaced with Ser, and residues 17-28 of Aß, Aß (17-28), were synthesized and tested for their ability to block formation of the complex between HN and Aß (1-40). RESULTS: Co-immunoprecipitation and binding kinetics showed that HN (5-15) was more efficient at blocking the complex between HN and Aß (1-40) than either HN (5-15, L11S) or Aß (17-28). Binding kinetics of these smaller peptides with either full-length HN or Aß (1-40) showed that HN (5- 15) was able to bind either Aß (1-40) or HN more efficiently than HN (5-15, L11S) or Aß (17-28). Compared to full-length HN, however, HN (5-15) bound Aß (1-40) with a weaker affinity suggesting that while HN (5-15) binds Aß, other residues in the full length HN peptide are necessary for maximum interactions. CONCLUSION: L11 was more important for interactions with Aß (1-40) than with HN. Aß (17-28) was relatively ineffective at binding to either Aß (1-40) or HN. Moreover, HN, and the smaller HN (5-15), HN (5-15 L11S), and Aß (17-28) peptides, had different effects on regulating Aß (1-40) aggregation kinetics.


Assuntos
Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Humanos , Cinética , Conformação Proteica
17.
J Biotechnol ; 298: 35-44, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980843

RESUMO

Elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs) are biocompatible-engineered polypeptides, with promising interest in tissue engineering due to their intrinsic biological and physical properties, and their ease of production. The IKVAV (Ile-Lys-Val-Ala-Val) laminin-1 sequence has been shown to sustain neuron attachment and growth. In this study, the IKVAV adhesion sequence, or a scrambled VKAIV sequence, were incorporated by genetic engineering in the structure of an ELP, expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. The transition temperatures of the ELP-IKVAV and ELP-VKAIV were determined to be 23 °C. Although the phase transition was fully reversible for ELP-VKAIV, we observed an irreversible aggregation for ELP-IKVAV. The corresponding aggregates shared some characteristics with amyloid-like polypeptides. The two ELPs were then reacted with functionalized polyethylene glycol (PEG) to form hydrogels. These hydrogels were characterized for rheological properties, tested with cultures of rat primary sensory neurons, and implanted subcutaneously in mice for 4 weeks. Sensory neurons cultured on high IKVAV concentration hydrogels (20%) formed longer neurite than those of neurons grown on hydrogels containing the scrambled IKVAV sequence. Finally, in vivo evaluation showed the absence of detectable inflammation. In conclusion, this functionalized ELP-IKVAV biomaterial shows interesting properties for tissue engineering requiring neurotization.


Assuntos
Elastina/química , Hidrogéis/química , Peptídeos/química , Engenharia Tecidual , Sequência de Aminoácidos/genética , Animais , Elastina/genética , Elastina/isolamento & purificação , Elastina/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Laminina/química , Laminina/genética , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/genética , Peptídeos/genética , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Ratos , Reologia , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/química , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(17): 15322-15331, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986029

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced oxidative stress leads to neuron damage and is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation in neurodegenerative diseases (NDs), such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Researchers, therefore, are looking for antiinflammatory drugs and gene therapy approaches to slow down or even prevent neurological disorders. Combining therapeutics has shown a synergistic effect in the treatment of human diseases. Many nanocarriers could be designed for the simultaneous codelivery of drugs with genes to fight diseases. However, only a few researches have been performed in NDs. In this study, we developed a mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN)-based approach for neurodegenerative therapy. This MSN-based platform involved multiple designs in the targeted codelivery of (1) curcumin, a natural antioxidant product, to protect ROS-induced cell damage and (2) plasmid RhoG-DsRed, which is associated with the formation of lamellipodia and filopodia for promoting neurite outgrowth. At the same time, TAT peptide was introduced to the plasmid RhoG-DsRed via electrostatic interaction to elevate the efficiency of nonendocytic pathways and the nuclear plasmid delivery of RhoG-DsRed in cells for enhanced gene expression. Besides, such a plasmid RhoG-DsRed/TAT complex could work as a noncovalent gatekeeper. The release of curcumin inside the channel of the MSN could be triggered when the complex was dissociated from the MSN surface. Taken together, this MSN-based platform combining genetic and pharmacological manipulations of an actin cytoskeleton as well as oxidative stress provides an attractive way for ND therapy.


Assuntos
Curcumina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Crescimento Neuronal/efeitos dos fármacos , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Dióxido de Silício/química , Citoesqueleto de Actina/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Curcumina/química , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo , Tamanho da Partícula , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Plasmídeos/química , Porosidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Produtos do Gene tat do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/química
19.
Molecules ; 24(8)2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018524

RESUMO

In this study, three independent methods were used to identify short fragment of both chains of human insulin which are prone for aggregation. In addition, circular dichroism (CD) research was conducted to understand the progress of aggregation over time. The insulin fragments (deca- and pepta-peptides) were obtained by solid-phase synthesis using 4-(4,6-dimethoxy-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-4-methylmorpholinium toluene-4-sulfonate (DMT/NMM/TosO-) as a coupling reagent. Systematic studies allowed identification of the new fragments, expected to be engaged in triggering aggregation of the entire structure of human insulin under physiological conditions. It was found that the aggregation process occurs through various structural conformers and may favor the formation of a fibrous structure of aggregate.


Assuntos
Insulina/química , Oligopeptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Agregados Proteicos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Humanos , Indicadores e Reagentes/química , Cinética , Oligopeptídeos/síntese química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/síntese química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/ultraestrutura , Técnicas de Síntese em Fase Sólida/métodos , Soluções , Termodinâmica , Triazinas/química
20.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1958: 283-295, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945224

RESUMO

The use of smotifs and fragment libraries has proven useful to both simplify and increase the quality of protein models. Here, we present Profrager, a tool that automatically generates putative structural fragments to reproduce local motifs of proteins given a target sequence. Profrager is highly customizable, allowing the user to select the number of fragments per library, the ranking method is able to generate fragments of all sizes, and it was recently modified to include the possibility of output exclusively smotifs.


Assuntos
Motivos de Aminoácidos , Biologia Molecular/métodos , Dobramento de Proteína , Proteínas/química , Algoritmos , Modelos Moleculares , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/genética , Biblioteca de Peptídeos , Proteínas/genética , Software
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