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1.
Ultraschall Med ; 41(1): 12-28, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023628

RESUMO

Fracture ultrasound has increasingly come into the focus of international research. A growing number of original articles and a meta-analysis show that wrist fractures can be diagnosed without X-ray in children up to 12 years. Further original publications state that elbow fractures can be ruled out by exclusion of intraarticular effusion and in proximal humerus fractures the number of X-rays is reduced by about 50 %, while the quality of diagnosis is improved. Screening for occult fractures is another good indication. Clavicle fractures, and ac-joint sprains can be diagnosed better with US than with X-rays. A number of research groups have contributed valuable research about the different indications. The aim of this paper is to give an overview of the basics and actual fields of application for fracture ultrasound of the extremities.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas da Ulna , Criança , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Radiografia , Fraturas da Ulna/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
2.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(2): 155-161, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009440

RESUMO

AIMS: Complex displaced osteoporotic acetabular fractures in the elderly are associated with high levels of morbidity and mortality. Surgical options include either open reduction and internal fixation alone, or combined with total hip arthroplasty (THA). There remains a cohort of severely comorbid patients who are deemed unfit for extensive surgical reconstruction and are treated conservatively. We describe the results of a coned hemipelvis reconstruction and THA inserted via a posterior approach to the hip as the primary treatment for this severely high-risk cohort. METHODS: We have prospectively monitored a series of 22 cases (21 patients) with a mean follow-up of 32 months (13 to 59). RESULTS: The mean patient age was 79 years (67 to 87), and the mean ASA score was 3.3 (3 to 5). Three patients had high-energy injuries and 18 had low-energy injuries. All cases were associated fractures (Letournel classification: anterior column posterior hemitransverse, n = 13; associated both column, n = 6; transverse posterior wall, n = 3) with medialization of the femoral head. Mean operative time was 93 minutes (61 to 135). There have been no revisions to date. Of the 21 patients, 20 were full weight-bearing on day 1 postoperatively. Mean length of hospital stay was 12 days (5 to 27). Preoperative mobility status was maintained in 13 patients. At one year, mean Merle d'Aubigné score was 13.1 (10 to 18), mean Oxford Hip Score was 38.5 (24 to 44), mean EuroQol five-dimension five-level (EQ-5D-5L) health score was 68 (30 to 92), and mean EQ-5D-5L index score was 0.68 (0.335 to 0.837); data from 14 patients. Mortality was 9.5% (2/21) at one year. There have been no thromboembolic events, deep infections, or revisions. CONCLUSION: The coned hemipelvis reconstruction bypasses the fracture, creating an immediately stable construct that allows immediate full weight-bearing. The posterior approach minimizes the operative time and physiological insult in this vulnerable patient population. Early results suggest this to be a safe addition to current surgical options, targeted at the most medically frail elderly patient with a complex displaced acetabular fracture. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(2):155-161.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/cirurgia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Idoso Fragilizado , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Ossos Pélvicos/cirurgia , Acetábulo/lesões , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Comores , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Suporte de Carga
3.
Aktuelle Urol ; 51(1): 12-14, 2020 02.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018326
4.
Instr Course Lect ; 69: 433-448, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017744

RESUMO

Lower extremity fractures, ranging from the proximal femur to the distal tibia, come in a variety of patterns and complexity. Treatment modalities typically consist of using plates and intramedullary nails; however, each has its advantages and disadvantages in each anatomic region. In this instructional course, salient points and nuances in setup and implant choice are reviewed. Furthermore, the essential tips and tricks to avoid pitfalls and achieve a desired clinical result are discussed.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos , Placas Ósseas , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas , Extremidade Inferior , Humanos , Tíbia
5.
Instr Course Lect ; 69: 489-506, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017748

RESUMO

Pelvic fractures are often the result of high-energy trauma and can result in significant morbidity. Initial management is focused on patient resuscitation and stabilization given the potential for life-threatening hemorrhage that is associated with these injuries. Radiographic evaluation and classification of the pelvic injury guides initial management, provisional stabilization, and preoperative surgical planning. Definitive reduction and fixation of the posterior and anterior pelvic ring is sequentially performed to restore stability and allow for mobilization and healing. Open techniques are commonly used for the pubic symphysis and displaced anterior and posterior ring injuries for which an acceptable reduction is unable to be obtained with closed or indirect techniques. Percutaneous fixation has become increasingly more common for both the anterior and posterior ring and utilizes screw placement within the osseous fixation pathways of the pelvis.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Ossos Pélvicos , Parafusos Ósseos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos
6.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(1): 32-36, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915332

RESUMO

Bone marrow is a source of osteoprogenitor cells which are the most important factor of bone formation and healing of fracture. The aim of the study is to evaluate the outcome of bone marrow injection in the management of delayed union and non-union. This prospective study was performed in the department of Orthopaedics, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from January 2017 to June 2019. In this study 21 patients with delayed union and non-union were treated by bone marrow injection. Bone marrow were aspirated from the anterior or posterior iliac crests then injected percutaneously into the fracture site. Full union was achieved in 15 cases, while failed in the others. No major complications were seen during or after the procedure. It is a safe, easy and a minimally invasive procedure compared to usual open bone graft especially for cases with high risk of anesthesia or risk of infection.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Fraturas não Consolidadas/terapia , Fraturas da Tíbia/terapia , Bangladesh , Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas não Consolidadas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fraturas da Tíbia/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(1): 21-26, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939229

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of anterior subcutaneous internal fixation (INFIX) combined with posterior percutaneous iliosacral screw for the treatment of unstable pelvic fractures. Methods: Between August 2016 and November 2017, 19 cases of unstable pelvic fractures were treated with anterior subcutaneous INFIX combined with posterior percutaneous iliosacral screw. There were 14 males and 5 females, with an average age of 40.6 years (range, 17-69 years). Causes of injury included traffic accident injury in 11 cases, falling from height in 5 cases, bruise injury by heavy object in 3 cases. According to Tile classification, there were 2 cases of type B1, 6 cases of type B2, and 11 cases of type C. Anterior ring injuries included bilateral pubic ischial ramus fractures in 12 cases, unilateral pubic ischial ramus fractures in 5 cases, and symphysis pubis separation in 2 cases. Posterior ring injuries included sacroiliac ligament injuries in 2 cases, unilateral iliac bone fractures in 3 cases, unilateral sacral fractures in 11 cases, unilateral sacroiliac joint dislocation in 2 cases, and bilateral sacral fracture in 1 case. The intraoperative blood loss and operation time were recorded, and the fracture healing and postoperative complications were observed. Matta score was used to evaluate the reduction of fracture, and Majeed score was used to evaluate the postoperative function of patients. Results: The operation time was 47-123 minutes (mean, 61.4 minutes) and the intraoperative blood loss was 50-115 mL (mean, 61.1 mL). One case had superficial infection at the site of screw implantation, and 1 case had unilateral cutaneous nerve stimulation, which were cured after corresponding treatment. There was no damage of urinary system, reproductive system, and intestine. All cases were followed up 12-25 months (mean, 18.1 months). All the fractures healed after operation, the average healing time was 9.5 weeks (range, 8-13 weeks); no nonunion, delayed healing, internal fixation loosening, fracture, and other situations occurred. Of the 2 patients with lumbosacral plexus injury before operation, 1 recovered completely and 1 had residual mild claudication. At last follow-up, the reduction of fracture was evaluated by Matta scoring standard, the results were excellent in 13 cases and good in 6 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 100%; the function was evaluated by Majeed scoring standard, the results were excellent in 15 cases and good in 4 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 100%. Conclusion: Minimally invasive pelvic stabilization by using anterior subcutaneous INFIX and posterior percutaneous iliosacral screw for treatment of unstable pelvic fractures, can achieve good fracture reduction and definitive stabilization with minimum complications and obtain excellent functional outcomes.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Ossos Pélvicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
8.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(1): 27-31, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939230

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the application and effectiveness of self-made spring plate in surgical treatment of acetabular posterior wall fracturejavascript:void(0)s. Methods: Between June 2013 and June 2017, 38 patients with acetabular posterior wall fractures were treated. There were 27 males and 11 females with an average age of 53 years (range, 28-68 years). The injury caused by traffic accident in 18 cases, falling from height in 15 cases, and tumble in 5 cases. There were 4 cases of simple posterior wall fracture, 18 cases of posterior wall fracture with posterior dislocation of hip joint, 10 cases of posterior wall fracture with posterior column fracture, and 6 cases of posterior wall fracture with transverse fracture. The time from injury to admission was 1-4 days (mean, 2.5 days). The time from injury to operation was 4-8 days (mean, 5 days). After fracture reduction via the Kocher-Langenbeck approach (35 cases) or the combined ilioinguinal approach (3 cases), the spring plate was used to press the posterior wall fracture, and then the reconstruction plate was pressed against the spring plate and fixed to the posterior column. Results: All the incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 12-36 months (mean, 28 months). Five cases of post-traumatic sciatic nerve injury and 2 cases of sciatic nerve injury caused by traction during operation were fully recovered at 3 months after operation. The imaging examination showed that all the fractures healed. The fracture healing time was 10-16 weeks (mean, 12 weeks). There was no ruptures or failures of internal fixation during the follow-up period. There were 2 cases of femoral head necrosis, 1 case of traumatic arthritis, and 1 case of osteomyositis at last follow-up. The hip joint function was rated as excellent in 27 cases, good in 5 cases, fair in 2 cases, and poor in 4 cases according to the Harris scores at 12 months after operation. Conclusion: For the acetabular posterior wall fracture, it has the advantages of easy to use and reliable fixation that the posterior wall fracture is fixed with spring plate firstly, and the spring plate is pressed to fix the posterior column with the reconstruction plate finally.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas do Quadril , Acetábulo , Adulto , Idoso , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18395, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy of the modified Stoppa approach (MSA) and ilioinguinal approach (IA) in the treatment of anterior pelvic ring and acetabular fractures. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane database for articles that compared MSA and IA in the treatment of anterior pelvic ring and acetabular fractures. All the included articles were evaluated by 2 trained reviewers in accordance with the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook for potential risk. The Jadad decision algorithm and Downs and Black scores were also used to assess the quality of the included studies. The extracted data included operative time, intraoperative blood loss, reduction quality, clinical outcome, and complications. RESULTS: Five articles were included in this meta-analysis, with 186 patients in the MSA group and 219 patients in the IA group. Compared with IA, MSA significantly shortened the operative time (P = .0002), decreased intraoperative blood loss (P = .002), and provided better reduction quality (P = .03). Meanwhile, this meta-analysis suggests no significant difference between MSA and IA regarding clinical outcomes (P = .63) and complications (P = .34). The subgroup analysis of complications also showed no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (including infection, and vascular and nerve injuries). CONCLUSION: According to this meta-analysis, the currently available evidence suggests that MSA can significantly shorten operative time, decrease intraoperative blood loss, and provide better reduction quality than IA in the treatment of anterior pelvic ring and acetabular fractures. In addition, in terms of clinical outcomes and complications, no significant differences were found between the 2 groups. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, meta-analysis.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/lesões , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Ossos Pélvicos/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18789, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977870

RESUMO

Clinical features of extremity fractures (EFs) in patients presenting with traumatic spinal fractures (TSFs) and spinal cord injury (SCI) have not been investigated. To investigate the clinical features and risk factors for EFs in patients presenting with TSFs and SCI.Data from 1392 patients presenting with TSFs and SCI in our hospitals between 2001 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed, among which 165 patients (129 males and 36 females, 37.5 ±â€Š10.6 years old) presented with EFs. The clinical features of EFs have been investigated.The frequencies of upper limb fractures were significantly higher in the motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) group than in the high-fall group (P = .012) and the struck-by-object group (P = .002). The frequencies of lower limb fractures were significantly higher in the struck-by-object group (P = .019) and the high-fall group (P = .011) than the MVCs group. Univariate logistic regression analysis show that being in the 19 to 39 age group (P = .001), having a lumbar spinal fracture (P < .001) and experiencing a high fall (P < .001) were risk factors for EFs. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that we should focus on the factors that having a lumbar spinal fracture and experiencing a high fall.High fall and MVCs were the most common aetiologies for EFs. Having a lumbar spinal fracture and experiencing a high fall were significant risk factors for EFs. We should make early diagnoses and initiate timely treatment according to different patterns of extremity fractures in patients with TSFs and SCI.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Extremidade Inferior/lesões , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Extremidade Superior/lesões , Acidentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia
11.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(1): 42-47, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888361

RESUMO

AIMS: Patient engagement in adaptive health behaviours and interactions with their healthcare ecosystem can be measured using self-reported instruments, such as the Patient Activation Measure (PAM-13) and the Effective Consumer Scale (ECS-17). Few studies have investigated the influence of patient engagement on limitations (patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs)) and patient-reported experience measures (PREMs). First, we assessed whether patient engagement (PAM-13, ECS-17) within two to four weeks of an upper limb fracture was associated with limitations (the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (QuickDASH), and Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System Upper Extremity Physical Function computer adaptive test (PROMIS UE PF) scores) measured six to nine months after fracture, accounting for demographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors. Secondly, we assessed the association between patient engagement and experience (numerical rating scale for satisfaction with care (NRS-C) and satisfaction with services (NRS-S) six to nine months after fracture. METHODS: A total of 744 adults with an isolated fracture of the proximal humerus, elbow, or distal radius completed PROMs. Due to multicollinearity of patient engagement and psychosocial variables, we generated a single variable combining measures of engagement and psychosocial factors using factor analysis. We then performed multivariable analysis with p < 0.10 on bivariate analysis. RESULTS: Patient engagement and psychosocial factors combined to form a single factor (factor 1) accounting for 20% (QuickDASH, semi-partial R2 = 0.20) and 14% (PROMIS UE PF, semi-partial R2 = 0.14) of the variation in limitations six to nine months after fracture. Factor 1 also accounted for 17% (NRS-C, semi-partial R2 = 0.17) of variation in satisfaction with care, and 21% (NRS-S, semi-partial R2 = 0.21) of variation in satisfaction with services. Demographic factors (age, sex, work status) and measures of greater pathophysiology (type of fracture, high-energy injury, post-surgical complications), accounted for much less variation. CONCLUSION: Patients who actively manage their health and demonstrate effective emotional and social functioning share a common underlying trait. They have fewer limitations and greater satisfaction with care during recovery from upper limb fractures. Future efforts should focus on evaluating initiatives that optimize patient engagement, such as patient education, coaching, and a communication strategy for healthcare professionals. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(1):42-47.


Assuntos
Articulação do Cotovelo/lesões , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/cirurgia , Participação do Paciente , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Atividades Cotidianas , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/psicologia , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Fraturas do Rádio/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
12.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(1): 19-22, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910768

RESUMO

OsteoLaus: Right to Exist and First Results Abstract. The OsteoLaus cohort included 1475 women aged 50 to 80 years between 2010 and 2012, and since followed every 2.5 years. The main goal is to better define osteoporosis and the prediction of fracture risk. Using the multiple data available in CoLaus/PsycoLaus, many analyses are being conducted to better understand the relationship between bone health and chronic disease.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Osteoporose , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Osso e Ossos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/complicações , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
13.
Unfallchirurg ; 123(1): 76-79, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915877

RESUMO

A 60-year-old patient suffered an ankle distortion resulting in a comminuted fracture of the fifth metatarsal. On the same day the accident occurred the patient presented to an emergency department and immediate operative treatment of the fracture was performed by intramedullary Kirschner wires with closed reduction and internal fixation. The aftercare was carried out on an outpatient basis by a registered orthopedist in accordance with the surgeon's instructions. In the radiological control 14 days after surgery a dislocation of the fracture was detected and 1 week later a rectification operation was carried out in a second clinic with removal of the Kirschner wires, open reduction and internal fixation with a locking plate. The patient suspected inadequate treatment by the first clinic, which in turn did not accept any inadequacies in the surgical treatment or the aftercare. In the subsequent legal dispute the appointed experts came to the conclusion that an initial good fracture position was achieved but that the aftercare treatment with a forefoot relief shoe was inadequate for the type of internal fixation chosen. The arbitration board came to the conclusion that the multifragmented fracture situation was treated by a questionably stable osteosynthesis using Kirschner wires. This should have required a very strict aftercare with partial weight bearing on crutches and immobilization in a stable orthosis or cast.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente , Fraturas Ósseas , Ossos do Metatarso , Placas Ósseas , Fios Ortopédicos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Humanos , Ossos do Metatarso/lesões , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
BMJ ; 368: l7057, 2020 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of maternal smoking during pregnancy on fractures in offspring during different developmental stages of life. DESIGN: National register based birth cohort study with a sibling comparison design. SETTING: Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: 1 680 307 people born in Sweden between 1983 and 2000 to women who smoked (n=377 367, 22.5%) and did not smoke (n=1 302 940) in early pregnancy. Follow-up was until 31 December 2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Fractures by attained age up to 32 years. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 21.1 years, 377 970 fractures were observed (the overall incidence rate for fracture standardised by calendar year of birth was 11.8 per 1000 person years). The association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and risk of fracture in offspring differed by attained age. Maternal smoking was associated with a higher rate of fractures in offspring before 1 year of age in the entire cohort (birth year standardised fracture rates in those exposed and unexposed to maternal smoking were 1.59 and 1.28 per 1000 person years, respectively). After adjustment for potential confounders the hazard ratio for maternal smoking compared with no smoking was 1.27 (95% confidence interval 1.12 to 1.45). This association followed a dose dependent pattern (compared with no smoking, hazard ratios for 1-9 cigarettes/day and ≥10 cigarettes/day were 1.20 (95% confidence interval 1.03 to 1.39) and 1.41 (1.18 to 1.69), respectively) and persisted in within-sibship comparisons although with wider confidence intervals (compared with no smoking, 1.58 (1.01 to 2.46)). Maternal smoking during pregnancy was also associated with an increased fracture incidence in offspring from age 5 to 32 years in whole cohort analyses, but these associations did not follow a dose dependent gradient. In within-sibship analyses, which controls for confounding by measured and unmeasured shared familial factors, corresponding point estimates were all close to null. Maternal smoking was not associated with risk of fracture in offspring between the ages of 1 and 5 years in any of the models. CONCLUSION: Prenatal exposure to maternal smoking is associated with an increased rate of fracture during the first year of life but does not seem to have a long lasting biological influence on fractures later in childhood and up to early adulthood.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Gestantes/psicologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Fumar , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Criança , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Gravidez , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Suécia/epidemiologia
16.
World Neurosurg ; 133: 227-236, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common public health problem. The optimal timing of fracture fixation in patients with TBI has remained controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to quantitatively discuss the effects of fixation timing on the prognosis of patients with extremity fracture and concomitant TBI. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and 4 Chinese databases from the inception date to May 19, 2019. Randomized controlled trials and cohort studies comparing early and late fracture fixation in adults with TBI concomitant with extremity fractures were selected. The risk ratio (RR) and standardized mean difference were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 14 cohort studies involving 1046 patients fulfilled our criteria. No statistically significant association was found between fixation timing and mortality rate (RR, 1.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.89-2.01). No significant association was found between fracture fixation timing and the incidence of death among the patients with severe TBI (RR, 1.82; 95% CI, 0.50-6.66), moderate or more serious TBI (RR, 3.78; 95% CI, 0.53-26.78), and unrestricted TBI type (RR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.38-1.68). No significant association was found between fracture fixation timing and neurologic complications (RR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.45-1.11). When the cutoff for fixation timing was set at 14 days, the incidence of nonunion or malunion in the earlier fixation group was lower than that in the later fixation group (RR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.17-0.91). CONCLUSION: Late fracture fixation conducted >14 days after injury was associated with nonunion or malunion. Fixation performed within 24 hours did not influence mortality or adverse neurologic events.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fixação de Fratura/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Humanos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Sports Health ; 12(1): 88-93, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are approximately 2.1 million recreational surfers in the United States. However, little has been reported on surfing-related injuries and, to date, no study has utilized magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to characterize injury patterns. OBJECTIVE: To use MRI to perform a descriptive analysis of surfing injuries in patients who presented to an urban tertiary care musculoskeletal hospital. This was not a hypothesis-driven study. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. METHODS: A retrospective review of the picture archiving and communication system as well as the electronic medical record was performed to identify patients with surfing-related injuries who presented to a tertiary care musculoskeletal hospital for treatment. The search included participants over a 10-year period who presented between January 1, 2009, and August 1, 2018. Descriptive data analyses were performed to determine frequency of body part injured, diagnosis, and operative versus nonoperative treatment. RESULTS: The search yielded 109 patients with surfing-related injuries and MRIs. A total of 90 patients presented within 6 months of their surfing injury and were included in the final analysis. The median age was 36 years (range, 12-66 years). A majority of the patients included were male (74%; n = 67). Acute surfing injuries were diagnosed via imaging in 72% (n = 65) of patients. The joints injured most commonly were the shoulder (46%; n = 30) and the knee (28%; n = 18). Only 17% (n = 11) of acute surfing injuries required surgery, while 83% (n = 54) were treated nonoperatively. CONCLUSION: The most common surfing-related injuries occurred in the shoulder and knee. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study helps characterize the risk of injury for surfers and informs healthcare providers on common surfing injuries.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico por imagem , Esportes Aquáticos/lesões , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Traumatismos do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Lacerações/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Articulares/lesões , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lesões do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
18.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 49(1): 75-81, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301924

RESUMO

The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to determine the frequency and risk factors for cervical spine injury (CSI) in patients with midface fractures. Patients ≥18 years of age entered in the Massachusetts General Hospital Trauma Registry from 2007 to 2017 were identified. Those with a midface fracture, computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine, and complete medical records were included. There were 23,394 patients in the registry; 3950 (16.9%) had craniomaxillofacial fractures and 1822 (7.8%) had a CSI. Craniomaxillofacial fractures included fractures of the midface (n=2803, 71.0%), mandible (n=873, 22.1%), and midface plus mandible (n=274, 6.9%). The overall frequency of CSI in patients with midface fractures was 11.4% (350/3077). Patients with midface fractures had a higher risk for CSI compared to patients without a midface fracture (odds ratio 2.4, 95% confidence interval 2.1-2.4, P<0.001). In a multivariate model, nasal and orbital fractures, chest injuries, age, injury severity score, and motor vehicle crash or fall as the etiology were independent risk factors for CSI. Mortality was two times higher in subjects with CSI. Early and accurate diagnosis of CSI is a critical factor when planning the treatment of patients with these fractures.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Lesões do Pescoço , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral , Adolescente , Vértebras Cervicais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1105): 20180989, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the rates of fractures and ligament injuries in patients with an acute ankle injury and a normal radiographic examination, and to consider the most appropriate examination protocol. METHODS: Patients with an acute ankle injury who presented to the John Radcliffe Hospital Emergency Department with a normal radiographic examination were eligible for the study. They were invited to receive a cone beam CT and ultrasound examination at a local radiology department within 5 days of their ankle injury. RESULTS: Of the 100 patients recruited to the study, 19 patients were found to have major fractures and 42 patients had small avulsion fractures. Additionally, 42 patients had ankle effusions and there were a large number of soft tissue injuries. There were 83 acute injuries of the anterior talofibular ligament, 19 of the anterior tibiofibular ligaments, 26 of the calcaneofibular ligament, 39 of the deltoid ligament complex, 21 of the talonavicular ligament, 14 of the spring ligament and 3 of the calcaneocuboid ligament. CONCLUSION: Conventional radiographic examination misses significant fractures of the foot and ankle and the presence of an ankle effusion does not relate to the severity of injury. Ultrasound is a useful imaging technique that can supplement clinical practice, but it is unlikely to replace current protocols alone. Cone beam CT is an appropriate alternative to plain radiography, being more sensitive in detecting fractures and delivering a similar dose of radiation. However, neither CT or ultrasound examination can detect all avulsion fractures. Simple anterior process fractures of the calcaneus are associated with talonavicular ligament injuries and the medial ligaments are injured in almost 50% of cases when there is a lateral ligament injury. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Fractures in the foot and ankle are detected more precisely with cone beam CT compared to radiographs. Cone beam CT delivers similar doses of to conventional radiographs which is around 10% of that resulting from conventional CT. Ultrasound examination is an effective assessment tool to detect ligamentous injuries. The absence of an ankle effusion does not exclude a major fracture.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Articulares/lesões , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract ; 50(1): 17-21, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627990

RESUMO

Minimally invasive fracture repair (MIFR) is the ultimate culmination of current osteosynthesis concepts that emphasize the preservation and enhancement of the biologic components of fracture healing. Although the "less is more" approach to tissue dissection and fracture exposure and handling that defines MIFR has numerous reported advantages over more traditional open surgical treatments, it does present some unique challenges and important considerations for the surgeon. This article describes some of the general MIFR challenges a surgeon may encounter.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/veterinária , Fraturas Ósseas/veterinária , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/veterinária , Animais , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos
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