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1.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 337, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the preferred choice for treating clavicle fractures. The brachial plexus injury caused by ORIF of a clavicle fracture is very rare. If it is not treated in time, the function of the brachial plexus will be challenging to recover, which will eventually lead to upper limb dysfunction and seriously affect the patient's quality of life. Our team recently used ORIF to treat a patient with a clavicle fracture, who developed brachial plexus injury symptoms after surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old female patient was admitted to the hospital for 13 h due to the right shoulder movement restriction after a fall. Due to the significant displacement of the fracture, we used ORIF to treat the fracture. The surgery went well. When the anaesthesia effect subsided 12 h after the operation, the patient developed right brachial plexus injury symptoms, decreased right upper limb muscle strength, dysfunction, and hypoesthesia. Symptomatic treatments, such as nourishing nerve and electrical stimulation, were given immediately. Sixty days after the operation, the patient's brachial plexus injury symptoms disappeared, and the function of the right upper limb returned to the preoperative state. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with clavicle fractures usually need to undergo a careful physical examination before surgery to determine whether symptoms of brachial plexus injury have occurred. Anaesthesia puncture requires ultrasound guidance to avoid direct damage to the brachial plexus. When the fracture end is sharp, reset should be careful to prevent nerve stump stabbed. When using an electric drill to drill holes, a depth limiter should be installed in advance to prevent the drill from damaging the subclavian nerve and blood vessels. When measuring the screw depth, the measuring instrument should be close to the bone surface and sink slowly to avoid intense hooks and damage to the brachial plexus. Try to avoid unipolar electrosurgical units to prevent heat conduction from damaging nerves, and bipolar electrocoagulation should be used instead. If symptoms of brachial plexus injury occur after surgery, initial symptomatic treatment is drugs and functional exercise, and if necessary, perform surgical exploration.


Assuntos
Plexo Braquial , Fraturas Ósseas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Adulto , Clavícula/cirurgia , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
2.
Acta Biomed ; 92(4): e2021290, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487106

RESUMO

Preoperative management of acetabular fracture is a major problem and no consensus has been reached in literature on the optimal treatment of this problem. We present the results of the First Italian Consensus Conference on Acetabular fracture. An extensive review of the literature has been undertaken by the organizing committee and forwarded to the panel. Members were appointed by surgical experience with acetabular fractures. From November 2017 to January 2018, the organizing committee undertook the critical revision and prepared the presentation to the Panel on the day of the Conference. Then 11 recommendations were presented according to the 11 submitted questions. The Panel voted the recommendations after discussion and amendments with the audience. Later on, a second debate took place in September 2018 to reach a unanimous consent. We present results of the following questions: does hip dislocation require reduction? Should hip reduction be performed as soon as possible? In case of unsuccessful reduction of the dislocation after attempts in the emergency department, how should it be treated? If there is any tendency toward renewed dislocation, how should it be treated? Should Computed Tomography (CT) scan be performed before reduction? Should traction be used? How can we treat the pain? Is preoperative ultrasound exam to rule out vein thrombosis always necessary? Is tranexamic acid intravenous (IV) preoperatively recommended? Which antibiotic prophylactic protocols should be used? Is any preoperative heterotopic ossification prophylaxis suggested? In this article we present the indications of the First Italian Consensus Conference: a hip dislocation should be reduced as soon as possible. If unsuccessful, surgeon may repeat the attempts optimizing the technique. Preoperative CT scan is not mandatory before reduction. Skeletal traction is not indicated in most of the acetabular fracture. Standard pain and antibiotic prophylactic protocols for trauma patient should be used. Preoperative ultrasound exam is not recommended in all acetabular fracture. Tranexamic acid should be preoperatively used. There is no indication for preoperative heterotopic ossification.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Luxação do Quadril , Fraturas do Quadril , Ossificação Heterotópica , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Itália , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 59(240): 802-804, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508489

RESUMO

Open pelvic fractures are rare but represent a serious clinical problem with high mortality rates. Acute mortality is often associated with haemorrhage and delayed mortality is most often associated with sepsis and multiple organ failure. An aggressive multidisciplinary approach is of paramount importance to prevent catastrophe. It involves emergency resuscitation, stabilization of unstable fracture with an external fixator, and faecal diversion for rectal injury. Here, a case of open pelvic fracture with rectal laceration has been presented.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais , Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas Expostas , Lacerações , Ossos Pélvicos , Sepse , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fraturas Expostas/cirurgia , Humanos , Lacerações/complicações , Lacerações/cirurgia , Ossos Pélvicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Ossos Pélvicos/cirurgia
4.
JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc ; 59(239): 653-656, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508497

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hand injuries metacarpal fractures are common and it accounts about 14 to 28%. Mini-plate fixation in unstable metacarpal fractures provides absolute stability and early mobilization of fingers to reduce complications. The purpose of this study is to find out the prevalence of open reduction and internal fixation with mini-plate and screws for management of unstable metacarpal fracture among hand injuries done in a tertiary care center. METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study done from February 2019 and January 2021 in a tertiary care center with unstable isolated metacarpal fracture treated with mini-plate fixation and were followed up for six months duration. Ethical approval and informed written consent were taken from all patients. The outcome was assessed by the American Society for Surgery of the Hand Total Active Flexion Score. Convenient sampling method was used. Point estimate at 95% Confidence Interval was calculated along with frequency and proportion for binary data. Statistical Package for Social Sciences used for analysis. RESULTS: Out of 250 patients who underwent hand surgeries, open reduction and internal fixation with mini-plate and screws for unstable metacarpal fracture were done in 32 (12.8%) (8.66-16.94 at 95% Confidence Interval). The mean time of fracture union was 6.78±1.008 weeks. Functional outcome according to American Society for Surgery of the Hand Total Active Flexion score was excellent in 25 (78.2%), good in 6 (18.8%), and poor in 1 (3%) patient. CONCLUSIONS: Fixation of metacarpal fracture by mini-plate and screws was required in fewer patients. Mini-plate fixation provides better stability and early mobilization for unstable metacarpal fractures to achieve a good functional outcome.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos da Mão , Ossos Metacarpais , Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Estudos Transversais , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Traumatismos da Mão/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Humanos , Ossos Metacarpais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos Metacarpais/lesões , Ossos Metacarpais/cirurgia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 775, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Management of severely angulated Rockwood and Wilkins' type C (RW-C) thumb metacarpal base fractures in children is challenging. We report experiences of percutaneous leverage reduction and dual antegrade crossing Kirschner (DACK) wire fixation in these fractures, aiming to assess the results using our reduction technique. METHODS: From October 2011 to September 2015, A total of 17 patients with severely angulated RW-C thumb metacarpal base fractures were treated at our hospital. The injured arm, including the entire first ray, was immobilized with a thumb-spica cast for 4-6 weeks and evaluated radiologically and clinically. Percutaneous leverage reduction and DACK wire fixation were successfully performed for 17 patients. No patients were treated with open reduction. 16 patients were followed up for a mean of 32 months (range 24-41 months). The results were assessed using the modified Mayo score. The level of significance was set to be p < 0.05. RESULTS: The patients included 9 girls (56.2%) and 7 boys (43.8%), with an average age of 10.8 years (range 7.5 to 14.0 years). Percutaneous leverage reduction and DACK wire fixation were successfully performed within an average total surgery time of 20 min (range 12-32 min). Bone union was achieved in all patients within a mean time of 4.2 weeks (range 4-6 weeks). The average angulation (preoperation: 50.5° (range 40.8°-67.0°) vs postoperation: 5.0° (range 0.0°-7.0°)) significantly changed from pre to post-surgery (P < 0.05). The clinical outcomes were evaluated by the modified Mayo score: 15 patients had an excellent outcome, and one patient had a good outcome. Cosmetic results were described as good and satisfactory by all patients. There were no refractures and no incidences of nonunion, growth arrest in the proximal epiphysis. Only one patient suffered from a superficial infection, which was resolved after the removal of the k-wires and the administration of oral antibiotics. CONCLUSION: Our percutaneous leverage technique with DACK wire fixation can be successfully used to treat these fractures. This technique is simple to learn and minimally invasive, and the results are satisfactory. It may be an appropriate choice for the treatment of irreducible RW-C fractures.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Ossos Metacarpais , Adolescente , Fios Ortopédicos , Criança , Epífises , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ossos Metacarpais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos Metacarpais/cirurgia , Polegar/diagnóstico por imagem , Polegar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(9)2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518179

RESUMO

We present a case reporting a rare combination of base of fourth metacarpal fracture and coronal body of hamate fracture, treated conservatively with excellent results. High index of suspicion for undetected bony injuries drove the execution of a CT scan, which allowed us to make a full correct diagnosis and plan treatment. Moreover, this case becomes the first reported case in the literature of such injury causing the intrusion of the base of the fifth metacarpal within the hamate bone, thus causing the coronal pattern of the hamate fracture. Differently from the common surgical management of this type of injury, we successfully treated this patient with close reduction and immobilisation, with full recovery after 3 months.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Hamato , Ossos Metacarpais , Fraturas Cranianas , Traumatismos do Punho , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Hamato/diagnóstico por imagem , Hamato/cirurgia , Humanos , Ossos Metacarpais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos Metacarpais/cirurgia
7.
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech ; 88(4): 253-259, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534054

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In certain patients after treated pelvic fractures, heterotopic ossifications can be observed in the area of the pubic bone, which protrude ventrally, and often also laterally and distally into surrounding soft tissues of the groin or even medially into the proximal thigh. These ossifications are shaped like sharp spikes of various lengths, which is why the authors refer to them as "spicules". In some patients, these ossifications are also associated with pain. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of the morphology of heterotopic ossifications of the anterior segment of the pelvis and to discuss the etiology of their origin, and further to determine the incidence, risk factors and clinical significance of these "spike-like" ossifications. MATERIAL AND METHODS X-ray images of patients treated for pelvic injuries between 2009 and 2018, in whom radiological documentation was available at least 12 months after the injury or surgery were evaluated. Patients with acetabular fractures or combined pelvic and acetabular injuries were not included in the study. Possible risk factors studied included gender, severity of injury, type of fracture according to the AO / ASIF classification, concomitant bladder injury, method of treatment and type of osteosynthesis of the anterior segment of the pelvis. The categorial data concerning risk factors for the observed "spicule" type ossifications was statistically evaluated using the chi-square test at the 5% level of significance. RESULTS The studied group consisted of 218 patients (121 women, 97 men) aged 13 to 92 years of age (mean age was 54 years, median age was 55 years). Heterotopic "spicule" type ossifications occurred in 21 patients (4 females, 17 males) aged 18 to 76 years (mean 39 years, median 41 years). Significant risk factors in the observed ossification group included male sex (p = 0.0004), severity of trauma (predominance of "spicules" was seen in multiple trauma patients, (p = 0.0024), unstable pelvic injury according to AO / ASIF classification (predominance of "spicules" in type B and C fractures over type A fractures, (p = 0.0013), concomitant bladder injury (p = 0.0009) and in patients undergoing surgical treatment of the fracture (p < 0.0001), where all the observed spicules were seen in patients undergoing anterior pelvic segment osteosynthesis. A statistically significant difference was also evident when comparing the osteosynthetic material used in the anterior segment (a increased incidence of ossifications was seen in patients undergoing plate fixation compared to patients in whom pubic screws were used, p = 0.0050). DISCUSSION Heterotopic ossifications are described as relatively common consequences of pelvic fractures, but are not considered a major problem because they usually do not produce any clinical correlations. The causes of post-traumatic and postoperative ossifications in the pelvic area include the effects of high energy traumas, extensive surgical procedures, prolonged artificial lung ventilation, and post-infectious states after complications of surgical treatment. CONCLUSIONS The study identified risk factors for heterotopic "spicule" type ossifications. The identified risk factors include male sex, severity of injury, unstable type of fracture, concomitant bladder injury, surgical treatment, and the use of massive implants. Only the effect of bladder injuries can be partially influenced by performing less invasive surgical techniques during combined pelvic and bladder injuries. Key words: pelvic fracture, pelvic injury, complications, heterotopic ossifications, multiple trauma, unstable pelvic trauma, urinary bladder injury.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas do Quadril , Ossificação Heterotópica , Ossos Pélvicos , Acetábulo , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ossificação Heterotópica/diagnóstico , Ossificação Heterotópica/etiologia , Pelve
8.
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech ; 88(4): 260-265, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534055

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Treatment of patella fractures has always been difficult; especially in older patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the XS nail in the treatment of patella fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS 49 fractures could be registered and reevaluated with a standardized questionnaire. RESULTS Mean follow-up time was 38.67 months, mean age 71.48 years. The mean OKS was 16.26 points, the Kujala Score was 81.56 points. No wound healing or revision could be detected. CONCLUSIONS The XS nail is a good treatment option with a low risk of complications also for the age-related trauma patient and for more complex patella fractures. Key words: patella, patella fracture, XS nail, locking nail, intramedullary nail, nail osteosynthesis.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas , Idoso , Pinos Ortopédicos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Consolidação da Fratura , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Patela/diagnóstico por imagem , Patela/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Unfallchirurg ; 124(9): 687-694, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398277

RESUMO

Pathological tumor-associated fractures are overall rare. They can occur in every age group and every bone. Although tumor-related fractures only form a small proportion of bone fractures, the early recognition of the cause of the fracture and treatment according to oncological guidelines are of enormous importance for affected patients. False treatment is frequently associated with far-reaching negative consequences with respect to the course of the disease. The great challenge is not the expeditious surgical treatment but much more the adequate diagnostics and the incorporation of local fracture treatment into an interdisciplinary overall oncological concept.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas Espontâneas , Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Osso e Ossos , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fraturas Espontâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Espontâneas/etiologia , Humanos
11.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(9): 4463-4473, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387486

RESUMO

Bone fractures are in need of rapid fixation methods, but the current strategies are limited to metal pins and screws, which necessitate secondary surgeries upon removal. New techniques are sought to avoid surgical revisions, while maintaining or improving the fixation speed. Herein, a method of bone fixation is proposed with transparent biopolymers anchored in place via light-activated biocomposites based on expanding CaproGlu bioadhesives. The transparent biopolymers serve as a UV light guide for the activation of CaproGlu biocomposites, which results in evolution of molecular nitrogen (from diazirine photolysis), simultaneously expanding the covalently cross-linked matrix. Osseointegration additives of hydroxyapatite or Bioglass 45S5 yield a biocomposite matrix with increased stiffness and pullout strength. The structure-property relationships of UV joules dose, pin diameter, and biocomposite additives are assessed with respect to the apparent viscosity, shear modulus, spatiotemporal pin curing, and lap-shear adhesion. Finally, a model system is proposed based on ex vivo investigation with bone tissue for the exploration and optimization of UV-active transparent biopolymer fixation.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos , Fraturas Ósseas , Diazometano , Durapatita , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos
12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 698, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Management of talar fractures remains to be one of the most challenging aspects in trauma surgery. Unfortunately, the evidence regarding the correct treatment of these fractures is mainly based on retrospective case series, while studies assessing the patient-reported outcome are rare. Therefore, the aim of this trial was to analyze the patient reported outcome in context of trauma mechanism and concomitant injuries following operative treatment of talar fractures. METHODS: A retrospective outcome study of patients with operatively treated talar fractures between 2003 and 2015 was conducted. The fractures were classified according to AO-/Hawkins classification system and to the Marti-Weber classification. Data was collected via patient registry, radiographs and a validated patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for foot and ankle pathologies (Foot and Ankle Outcome Score = FOAS). An analysis regarding the functional outcome, concomitant injury and timing of surgery using the nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman`s rank correlation was performed. RESULTS: In total the functional outcome of 32 patients suffering from fractures to the talus were analyzed. The median age of the study cohort was 35±12.2 years, including 9 female (28 %) and 23 male (72 %) patients. The median FAOS score was 72±22.7 (range 13-94). Patients with an isolated talar fracture had an FAOS of 87±20 and with concomitant injury a score of 60±23.4 (p = 0.016). Patients with a closed talar fracture without emergency operation due to dislocation or polytrauma, showed no correlation between timing of surgery and FAOS (r= -0.17, p = 0.43). 10 % of the patients developed an avascular necrosis and 25 % showed signs of a posttraumatic arthritis. The follow-up time was 41 months (range: 16-145). CONCLUSIONS: Talar fractures were typically caused by high-energy trauma often associated with additional injuries of the lower extremity. The majority of the patients showed a fair to poor functional long-term outcome. Concomitant injuries of the lower extremity led to a lower FAOS. In closed talar fractures without the necessity of an emergency surgical intervention, time to surgery did not influence the patient reported outcome. Relating to the presented data, delayed surgery after soft tissue consolidation was not associated with a higher risk of developing an avascular necrosis.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Tálus , Adulto , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tálus/diagnóstico por imagem , Tálus/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444022

RESUMO

The integrity of the talus is crucial for the physiologic function of the feet. The present study sought to summarize the available evidence on clinical outcomes and complications following conservative and surgical treatment of talar fractures. We systematically searched Medline via OVID to find relevant studies with a follow-up of at least six months. Hereafter, the success and complication rates were extracted and analyzed in a random effects proportion meta-analysis. Complications were defined as avascular bone necrosis (AVN) and posttraumatic osteoarthritis (OA). Additionally, a subgroup analysis was performed for fracture localization (talar neck fractures (TN) and combined talar body/neck fractures (TN/TB)) and severity of the fracture. The quality of the included studies was assessed utilizing the Coleman Methodology Score (CMS). A total of 29 retrospective studies, including 987 fractures with a mean follow-up of 49.9 months, were examined. Success rates were 62%, 60%, and 50% for pooled fractures, TN, and TN/TB, respectively. The overall complication rate for AVN was 25%. The rate was higher for TN (43%) than TN/TB (25%). Talar fractures revealed a 43% posttraumatic osteoarthritis (OA) rate in our meta-analysis. Success rates showed an association with fracture severity, and were generally low in complex multi-fragmentary fractures. The mean CMS was 34.3 (range: 19-47), indicating a moderate methodological quality of the studies. The present systematic review on clinical outcomes of patients undergoing conservative or surgical treatment for talar fractures reveals a lack of reliable prospective evidence. Talar fractures are associated with relatively poor postoperative outcomes, high rates of AVN, and posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Poor outcomes revealed a positive association with fracture severity. Prospective studies investigating predictors for treatment success and/or failure are urgently needed to improve the overall quality of life and function of patients undergoing surgical treatment due to talar fractures.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Qualidade de Vida , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(8): 973-977, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387424

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of channel screw combined with skin-stretching technique in treatment of pelvic fracture with severe Morel-Lavallée lesion. Methods: Between January 2017 and May 2020, 11 patients with pelvic fractures complicated with severe Morel-Lavallée lesions were treated with channel screw combined with skin-stretching technique. There were 8 males and 3 females, with an average age of 39.2 years (range, 28-58 years). Causes of injury included traffic accident in 9 cases and falling from hight in 2 cases. The time from injury to hospital admission ranged from 1 to 6 days (mean, 3.7 days). According to the Tile classification, the pelvic fractures were rated as type C1 in 7 cases, type C2 in 3 cases, and type C3 in 1 case. The sites of Morel-Lavallée lesions were buttocks in 8 cases, hips in 2 cases, and thigh in 1 case. There was 1 case of rectal injury, 1 case of splenic rupture, 3 cases of craniocerebral injury, 2 cases of chest injury, 4 cases of spinal fracture, and 6 cases of sacral nerve injury. X-ray films were performed to observe reduction and healing of fracture. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by Matta standard at 1 week after operation. Wound healing and complications were observed. Majeed scoring was used to evaluate hip function and Gibbons sacral nerve injury grading was used to evaluate neurological function recovery. Results: The patients underwent 4-7 operations, with an average of 5.8 operations. The time of first operation (pelvic fracture fixation, debridement, and skin distractor installation) was 115-275 minutes, with an average of 186.5 minutes. The amount of intraoperative blood loss was 30-80 mL, with an average of 45.5 mL. All patients were followed up 6-12 months, with an average of 8.3 months. The quality of fracture reduction according to the Matta standard was excellent in 7 cases, good in 2 cases, and fair in 2 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 81.8%. All fractures healed at 3-6 months after operation, with an average of 4.5 months. At last follow-up, the hip functions were excellent in 7 cases and good in 4 cases according to Majeed scoring, with an excellent and good rate of 100%. Among the 6 patients complicated with sacral nerve injury, the Gibbons sacral nerve injury grading reached gradeⅠ for 4 cases, gradeⅡ for 1 case, and grade Ⅲ for 1 case. The wounds of 9 cases were sutured directly after skin-stretching treatment for 25-32 days, with an average of 28 days. The dermal edge necrosis occurred in 1 case, and the defect was repaired by free skin grafting. The skin superficial dry necrosis of the wound occurred in 1 case, and healed by dressing change. Conclusion: In the treatment of pelvic fracture complicated with severe Morel-Lavallée lesion, the channel screw and skin-stretching technique showed their own advantages, which can obtain early fracture fixation and good wound healing.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Ossos Pélvicos , Adulto , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ossos Pélvicos/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(8): 978-983, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387425

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a clavicular hook plate with coracoclavicular ligament augmentation by suture anchor in the treatment of Neer types Ⅱ and Ⅴ distal clavicle fractures. Methods: Between January 2010 and June 2016, 16 patients with Neer types Ⅱ and Ⅴ distal clavicle fractures were treated with clavicle hook plates and coracoclavicular ligament augmentation by suture anchor. There were 12 males and 4 females with an average age of 45.6 years (range, 14-81 years). The injury mechanism included falling in 10 cases, traffic accident injury in 2 cases, falling from height in 2 cases, and heavy object injury in 2 cases. The Neer classification of clavicle fractures included 2 cases of type Ⅱa, 13 cases of type Ⅱb, and 1 case of type Ⅴ. The injury severity score (ISS) was 6-29, with an average of 11.2. The time from injury to operation was 1-18 days, with an average of 6.4 days. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization stay, fracture healing, and postoperative complications were recorded; the disability of arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) score, the shoulder joint Constant score, and the Oxford shoulder score (OSS) were used to evaluate the shoulder joint at last follow-up. Results: All operations were successfully completed. The operation time was 50-100 minutes, with an average of 75.6 minutes; intraoperative blood loss was 30-100 mL, with an average of 52.8 mL; hospitalization stay was 4-47 days, with an average of 13.7 days. All patients were followed up 1.2-7.5 years, with an average of 3.5 years. All clavicle fractures healed, and the healing time was 9.4-13.6 weeks, with an average of 11.9 weeks. No fracture nonunion, fracture displacement, failure of internal fixation, or incision infection, etc. occurred. Fifteen patients took out the hook plate after fracture healing and functional recovery, and 1 case refused to remove the hook plate from the second operation because of no obvious discomfort. At last follow-up, the DASH score was 0-13, with an average of 2.2; the shoulder joint Constant score was 90-100, with an average of 96.8; the OSS score was 12-14, with an average of 12.3. Conclusion: Clavicular hook plate with coracoclavicular ligament augmentation by suture anchor can help achieve good effectiveness with less postoperative complication in the treatment of Neer types Ⅱ and Ⅴ distal clavicular fractures.


Assuntos
Clavícula , Fraturas Ósseas , Placas Ósseas , Clavícula/cirurgia , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Âncoras de Sutura , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(8): 994-999, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387428

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of improved and traditional Kirschner wire tension band fixation in treatment of type C patellar fractures. Methods: Between January 2017 and January 2019, 26 patients with type C patellar fractures were treated with improved Kirschner wire tension band fixation (group A), and 24 patients were treated with traditional Kirschner wire tension band fixation (group B). There was no significant difference in gender, age, injury cause, disease duration, and side and type of fracture between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, the visual analogue scale (VAS) scores at 1 and 3 days after operation, the fracture healing time, and the occurrence of complications (skin irritation of Kirschner wires, failure of internal fixation, fracture reduction loss) were recorded, and the knee function was evaluated by Lysholm scoring standard in 2 groups. Results: The operation time in group A was significantly less than that in group B ( t=-4.742, P=0.000). There was no significant difference in the intraoperative blood loss and VAS scores at 1 and 3 days after operation between 2 groups ( P>0.05). All incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 8-15 months, with an average of 11 months. The fracture healing time was (3.3±0.6) months in group A and (3.2±0.6) months in group B, showing no significant difference ( t=0.589, P=0.559). At last follow-up, the knee joint function was evaluated according to Lysholm scoring standard. And there were 15 cases of excellent, 8 cases of good, and 3 cases of fair, with an excellent and good rate of 88.5% in group A; there were 8 cases of excellent, 7 cases of good, 7 cases of fair, and 2 cases of poor, with an excellent and good rate was 62.5%. The difference between 2 groups was significant ( Z=2.828, P=0.005). The internal fixators were removed after the fracture healed in 2 groups. At last follow-up, no skin irritation of Kirschner wires occurred in group A, but 3 cases in group B. X-ray films reexamination showed that 5 cases of internal fixation failure and no fracture reduction loss were found in group A, while 9 cases of internal fixation failure and 1 case of fracture reduction loss in group B. The incidence of complications in group A was 19.2% (5/26), which was significantly lower than that in group B (54.2%, 13/24) ( χ 2=6.611, P=0.010). Conclusion: Compared with the traditional Kirschner wire tension band fixation, the improved Kirschner wire tension band fixation in treatment of type C patellar fracture can shorten the operation time, reduce the incidence of complications, and benefit the functional recovery of knee joint.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos do Joelho , Fios Ortopédicos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Consolidação da Fratura , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Am J Sports Med ; 49(11): 3014-3020, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sports-related fractures of the fifth metatarsal are common in professional athletes. Data regarding outcomes of surgical management including refracture, complications, and return-to-play statistics are available for other professional American sports with a notable exception of soccer. PURPOSE: To quantify the burden of operative fifth metatarsal fractures in Major League Soccer (MLS) athletes, to compare outcomes as well as refracture and complication rates with other professional sports, to analyze factors that may contribute to treatment failure, and to report on return-to-play characteristics for affected players. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: We searched all injuries in the prospectively collected HealtheAthlete database for MLS for operative fifth metatarsal fractures for seasons 2013 to 2017. Additional information regarding each fracture including demographics, treatment, postoperative course, and return-to-play statistics were compiled from HealtheAthlete and supplemented by teams' chief medical officers, coaches, trainers, and online sources. RESULTS: There were 21 fractures in 18 players during the study period. Mean time to radiographic healing was 8.5 weeks (n = 17). Mean time to return to play was 11.1 weeks (n = 19). Of 21 fractures, 20 (95%) players returned to sport. Of 18 players, 4 (22.2%) experienced refracture. Of 18 players, 5 (27.8%) and 2 (11.1%) reported previous stress injuries on the contralateral and ipsilateral limb, respectively. Player performance characteristics showed small declines in the first year of return that improved by the second year. CONCLUSION: MLS athletes who sustain a sports-related fifth metatarsal fracture can expect a high rate of return to sport with time to radiographic healing and return to play as well as risk of refracture similar to other professional cohorts.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Pé , Fraturas Ósseas , Ossos do Metatarso , Futebol , Atletas , Traumatismos do Pé/cirurgia , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Ossos do Metatarso/cirurgia
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(31): e26782, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to compare the operation time, the fracture healed time, the postoperative function recovery between the techniques that temporary locking of the interphalangeal joint and traditional manual reduction in the treatment of percutaneous pinning of the phalanx fractures. METHODS: Patients with phalanx fractures from January 2015 to January 2018 who were admitted to our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Patients received surgery with traditional manual or temporary locking of the interphalangeal joint reduction. The information of patients, including age, gender, the length of the operation, the fracture healed time, the postoperative function recovery, complication, and length of postoperative hospital stay, was collected. All of the information were evaluated and compared between the 2 groups. All of the surgery were performed by 2 experienced hand surgeons of our department. The patients in the 2 groups were followed up for an average of 6 months after surgery. RESULTS: All patients completed the operation and were followed up completely. There was no significant difference in baseline data between the 2 groups (P > .05). The observation group who received surgery with the interphalangeal joint locked technique had significantly shorter in operative time than the control group (P < .05). And postoperative complications in the observation group were significantly less than those in the control group (P < .05). However, the postoperative functional recovery in both groups was no significant difference between the 2 groups (P > .05). And there were no significant differences in the fracture healed time and length of postoperative hospital stay between the 2 groups (P > .05). CONCLUSION: Both surgical techniques can enable patients to achieve good function, but the technique of interphalangeal joint locked is effective in the treatment of the phalanx fractures, as it is characterized by short operations and a quick recovery. However, this technique is only suitable for extra-articular phalanx fractures that the AO/ASIF classification of type A2.3 and less than 2 weeks, not for other phalanx fractures.


Assuntos
Articulações dos Dedos/cirurgia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento , Adolescente , Adulto , Desenho de Equipamento/métodos , Feminino , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(8): 773-9, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of staged surgery on Sanders Ⅳ calcaneal fractures with soft tissue Ⅲ swelling. METHODS: The clinical data of 76 patients with Sanders type Ⅳ closed calcaneal fracture with soft tissue three-degree swelling treated from June 2017 to May 2020 was retrospectively analyzed, including 54 males and 22 females, aged from 25 to 50 (38.16±10.24) years. The patients were divided into observation group and control group according to different treatment methods. Twenty-four patients in the observation group were treated by staged surgery stageⅠclosed prying traction reduction and Kirschner wire fixation, stageⅡopen reduction and internal fixation with titanium plate, including 17 males and 7 females, aged from 25 to 50 (36.12±9.56) years. There were 52 patients in the control group, including 37 males and 15 females, aged from 25 to 50 (38.32±10.67) years, these patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation with titanium plate after the dermatoglyphic signs appeared. The swelling subsidence time, the length of hospitalization days, and the incidence of postoperative incision complications were compared between two groups. The Bhler angle, Gissane angle, and calcaneal varus angle were measured by X-ray before and 6 months after operation. American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) about the ankle hindfoot score was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy. RESULTS: All 76 patients were followed up for 8 to 12 (9.52±2.01) months. The swelling subsidence time and hospitalization days in observation group were (12.12± 3.24) d and (24.53±6.44) d, respectively, which in control group were (15.16±4.16) d and (29.46±9.61) d, with statistical difference between two groups (P<0.05). Postoperative 6 months, Bhler angle, Gissane angle and calcaneal varus angle were (31.33±10.15)°, (145.34±8.04) ° and (10.31±3.23) ° in observation group, while those in control group were (20.24±8.23) °, (165.28±10.29) °and (21.24±5.27) °, with statistical difference between two groups (P<0.05). And there was significant difference in all patients between before and 6 months after operation (P<0.05). The AOFAS score of the observation group and control group were 71.76±9.84 and 57.23±10.76 at 6 months after operation, with significant different between two groups (P< 0.05). The excellent rate of observation group was significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with open reduction and internal fixation with titanium plate after the appearance of dermatoglyphic signs, staged surgery for Sanders type Ⅳ calcaneal fractures with soft tissue three-swelling does not increase the risk of soft tissue complications, and can significantly shorten the patient's swelling subsidence time and hospitalization days, improve the quality of fracture reduction and short term function, and relieve pain.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Calcâneo , Traumatismos do Pé , Fraturas Ósseas , Calcâneo/cirurgia , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(29): e26658, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398025

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a potentially life-threatening condition with high morbidity and mortality, and computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is an important diagnostic tool for patients in whom PTE is suspected; however, intraoperative PTE is very difficult to diagnose and often has a rapid clinical course. We experienced a case of intraoperative PTE with persistent tachycardia refractory to conventional treatments despite negative preoperative CTPA findings. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 53-year-old man with a pelvic bone fracture who had been on bed rest for 10 days underwent open reduction and internal fixation under general anesthesia. He remained tachycardic (heart rate of 120 beats/min) despite treatments with fluid resuscitation, analgesics, and beta-blockers. DIAGNOSES: Preoperative CTPA, computed tomography (CT) venography, and transthoracic echocardiography showed no signs of deep vein thrombosis and PTE. However, the levels of D-dimer were elevated. After the start of the surgery, tachycardia (heart rate between 100 and 110 beats/min) could not be treated with fluid resuscitation. Systolic blood pressure was maintained between 90 and 100 mm Hg using continuous infusion of phenylephrine. Ninety minutes after the surgery, systolic and diastolic blood pressures suddenly dropped from 100/60 to 30/15 mm Hg with a decrease in end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration from 29 to 13 mm Hg and development of atrial fibrillation. Arterial blood gas analysis revealed hypercapnia. Under the suspicion of PTE, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was immediately initiated. Three CPR cycles raised the blood pressure back to 90/50 mm Hg with sinus tachycardia (115 beats/min). Transesophageal echocardiography showed right ventricular dysfunction and paradoxical septal motion. However, emboli were not found. Postoperative chest CT revealed massive PTE in both pulmonary arteries. INTERVENTIONS: Immediately, surgical embolectomy was performed uneventfully. OUTCOMES: The patient was discharged from the hospital 1 month later without any complications. LESSONS: The patient with moderate risk for PTE (heart rate > 95 beats/min and immobilization, surgery under general anesthesia, and lower limb fracture within 1 month) should be closely monitored and managed intraoperatively even if preoperative CTPA findings are negative. The development of PTE needs to be expected if tachycardia is refractory to conventional treatments.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Pelve/lesões , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Pessoas Acamadas , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Intraoperatórias/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia
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