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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18531, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000361

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of low-energy fracture of wrist, hip, and spine and the related risk factors in Chinese populations 50 years or older.This study was a part of the Chinese National Fracture Survey (CNFS) carried out in 8 Chinese provinces in 2015. Data on 154,099 Chinese men and women 50 years or older were extracted from the CNFS database for calculations and analyses. Low-energy fracture was defined as fracture caused by slip, trip, or falls from standing height.A total of 247 patients sustained low-energy fractures in 2014, indicating the incidence rate was 160.3/100,000 person-years, with 120.0 [95% confidence interval (CI), 95.5-144.5] and 213.1(95% CI, 180.7-245.6)/100,000 person-years in men and women, respectively. In men, advanced age, alcohol consumption, residence at second floor or above without elevator, sleep duration <7 h/day, and history of past fracture were identified to be significant risk factors for low-energy fractures. In women, advanced age, living in east region, higher latitude zone (40°N -49.9°N), alcohol consumption, more births, sleep duration <7 h/day, and history of past fracture were identified as significant risk factors. Supplementation of calcium or vitamin D or both was identified to be associated with reduced risk of fracture in women (odds ratio, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.20-0.75), but not in men.These epidemiologic data on low-energy fractures provided updated clinical evidence base for national healthcare planning and preventive efforts in China. Corresponding interventions such as decreasing alcohol consumption and sleep improvement should clearly be implemented. For women, especially those with more births and past history of fracture, routine screening of osteoporosis, and intensive nourishment since menopause should be advocated.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Traumatismos do Punho/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18789, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977870

RESUMO

Clinical features of extremity fractures (EFs) in patients presenting with traumatic spinal fractures (TSFs) and spinal cord injury (SCI) have not been investigated. To investigate the clinical features and risk factors for EFs in patients presenting with TSFs and SCI.Data from 1392 patients presenting with TSFs and SCI in our hospitals between 2001 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed, among which 165 patients (129 males and 36 females, 37.5 ±â€Š10.6 years old) presented with EFs. The clinical features of EFs have been investigated.The frequencies of upper limb fractures were significantly higher in the motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) group than in the high-fall group (P = .012) and the struck-by-object group (P = .002). The frequencies of lower limb fractures were significantly higher in the struck-by-object group (P = .019) and the high-fall group (P = .011) than the MVCs group. Univariate logistic regression analysis show that being in the 19 to 39 age group (P = .001), having a lumbar spinal fracture (P < .001) and experiencing a high fall (P < .001) were risk factors for EFs. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that we should focus on the factors that having a lumbar spinal fracture and experiencing a high fall.High fall and MVCs were the most common aetiologies for EFs. Having a lumbar spinal fracture and experiencing a high fall were significant risk factors for EFs. We should make early diagnoses and initiate timely treatment according to different patterns of extremity fractures in patients with TSFs and SCI.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Extremidade Inferior/lesões , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Extremidade Superior/lesões , Acidentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia
3.
Maturitas ; 130: 13-20, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between hand-grip strength and site-specific risks of major osteoporotic fracture. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. MAIN OUTCOME: Associations between low hand-grip strength and increased risk of fracture at the distal forearm, vertebrae, and hip. MEASURES: We enrolled 1342 postmenopausal women aged 50 years or more into baseline and follow-up surveys of the Japanese Population-based Osteoporosis Cohort Study in 1996, 1999, 2002, or 2006. Fracture events were ascertained by follow-up surveys until 2011 or 2012. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) of hand-grip strength on fracture event. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 15.2 years, 162 women sustained at least one osteoporotic fracture and 135 of these women sustained at least one major osteoporotic fracture, the larger group including 65, 38, 35, and 8 women with fractures of the distal forearm, vertebrae, hip, and proximal humerus, respectively. In the crude models, the associations between low hand-grip strength and increased risk of fracture at the distal forearm, vertebrae, and hip were significant; the HRs (95% confidence interval) of the lowest tertile of hand-grip strength were 2.02 (1.10-3.71), 11.35 (4.07-31.63), and 4.72 (1.79-12.47), respectively. Age adjustment attenuated the significance of hip fracture risk, and adjusting for bone mineral density attenuated the significance of distal forearm fracture risk. After additional adjustment for body mass index, history of diabetes mellitus, and calcium intake, the HR for vertebral fracture risk was 4.55 (1.56-13.27). When limiting the follow-up period to 5 and 10 years, low hand-grip strength was associated with an increased risk of distal forearm fracture independently of the aforementioned covariates; the HRs were 4.22 (1.12-15.95) and 2.52 (1.03-6.17), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Low hand-grip strength is specifically associated with the risk of distal forearm fractures within 10 years and clinical vertebral fractures within 15 years or more in Japanese postmenopausal women.


Assuntos
Força da Mão , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Rádio/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Ulna/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fraturas do Quadril/etiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/complicações , Pós-Menopausa , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fraturas do Rádio/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Fraturas da Ulna/etiologia
4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 34: 26, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762894

RESUMO

Introduction: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are the most frequent cause of traumatic spinal injuries (TSIs), which account for up to 33.6% of all spinal fractures. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is one of the countries which has high rates of SCIs and bears the economic burden of that situation. Methods: 120 patients were included in this study, using a stringent set of inclusion and exclusion criteria. The patients were followed-up from the point of triage to admission and discharge. We analysed the clinical notes of the patients to determine the severity of their traumatic spinal injuries, the neurosurgical management carried out, and other prognosticating factors such as blood transfusion and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). The data collected was analysed anonymously, and the confidentiality of all participants was respected. Results: Most of the patients were young adults and adolescents under the age of 40 (n = 96). There was a male preponderance of 84.1%. With respect to spinal injury stratification, 55 patients had cervical spine fractures, 10 patients had cervical lacerations, 85 patients had thoracolumbar spinal fractures, and 10 patients had thoracolumbar spinal lacerations. 35 patients had other fractures documented. All 120 patients were followed up to assess the management of their traumatic spinal injuries. 66.6% (n= 80) of all patients were managed conservatively, whereas the remaining 33.3% (n=40) were managed surgically. Conclusion: Trauma is an important cause of spinal injuries (TSIs), and untreated TSIs may lead to poor clinical outcome, especially if the cervical region is involved.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/terapia , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/terapia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 49(11): 999-1003, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Stereotactic body radiotherapy has emerged as an attractive alternative to conventional radiotherapy for spinal metastases. However, it has limitations, including the need for advanced techniques and specific adverse effects. The present trial aimed to validate the feasibility and safety of stereotactic body radiotherapy in Japanese patients with spinal metastases. METHODS: Patients with one or two spinal metastases received stereotactic body radiotherapy of 24 Gy in two fractions. The primary endpoint was the proportion of severe adverse effects (≥ grade 3) in patients within 6 months after spine stereotactic body radiotherapy. Adverse effects were evaluated according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4. The treatment protocol was considered feasible and tolerable if the proportion of severe adverse effects was 10% or less. RESULTS: Overall, 20 spinal segments in 20 patients who registered between March 2014 and October 2015 were included. Minor and major deviations were observed in the planning of 2 and 0 cases, respectively. The treatment completion rate was 100%. The median follow-up after registration was 24.5 (range: 1-61) months. Although four patients experienced acute grade 2 adverse effects, no grade 3 or higher adverse effects were observed within 6 months after spine stereotactic body radiotherapy. Vertebral compression fractures were observed in two patients (14 and 16 months after stereotactic body radiotherapy). The local control and pain response rates at 6 months were 100 and 83%, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the feasibility and safety of spine stereotactic body radiotherapy in Japanese patients with spinal metastases.


Assuntos
Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Fraturas por Compressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17162, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517866

RESUMO

Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is a common comorbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the coexistence of COPD and temporomandibular disorder (TMD) has been clinically noted. The present study aimed to investigate whether VCF increases the risk of TMD in patients with COPD.With a follow-up period of 15 years, this retrospective, population-based longitudinal cohort study enrolled sex- and age-matched COPD patients with and without VCF (1:3) who were identified from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database from 2000 to 2015. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to determine the risk of TMD in COPD patients with and without VCF. The cumulative risk of TMD between groups was estimated using Kaplan-Meier analysis.The risk factors for TMD in patients with COPD were VCF, osteoporosis, and winter season. The COPD with VCF group was more likely to develop TMD (adjusted hazard ratio = 3.011, P < .001) than the COPD without VCF group after adjustment for sex, age, variables, and comorbidities. In the subgroup analysis, the COPD with VCF group had a higher risk of TMD than the COPD without VCF group in almost all stratifications.COPD patients with VCF are at a higher risk of developing TMD. Clinicians taking care of patients with COPD should be aware of the occurrence of TMD as a comorbidity.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Fraturas por Compressão/epidemiologia , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/complicações
7.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 435, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526375

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Vertebral fractures are common osteoporotic fractures, affecting 2-46% of the population, causing morbidity and increased risk of mortality. Physical activity has beneficial effects for bone health, including increased bone mineral density and reduced hip fractures. However, evidence concerning prevention of vertebral fractures is scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between leisure time physical activity and vertebral fracture risk. METHODS: The data were retrieved from the 2001 and 2007-2008 surveys of the Tromsø Study, a longitudinal population study in Norway. A total of 1904 participants (1030 women and 874 men, age 38-87 yr and 40-87 yr respectively) were included in the cross-sectional analysis (2007-2008). Prospective follow-up data (2001 to 2007) on physical activity were available for 1131 participants (636 women and 495 men, age 32-69 yr and 33-69 yr respectively). Physical activity was assessed by a questionnaire and vertebral fracture by lateral vertebral fracture assessment from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans. Logistic regression was used to examine associations between physical activity and vertebral fracture. RESULTS: After controlling for confounders (age, height, weight, smoking, osteoporosis, osteoporosis medication, left hip total bone mineral density, and use of hormones in women only), no cross-sectional associations between physical activity levels and vertebral fracture were observed, OR 1.13 (95% CI: 0.59-2.13), for moderately active women and 1.44 (0.61-3.42) for highly active women, compared with sedentary women. In men, the respective ORs were 1.74 (95% CI: 0.91-3.35) and 1.64 (0.78-3.41). In the prospective analyses, OR for vertebral fracture in women with reduced physical activity was 0.81 (95% CI: 0.18-3.62), 1.24 (95% CI: 0.29-5.26) for increased physical activity and 1.54 (95% CI: 0.43-5.50) for active unchanged physical activity pattern, compared with sedentary unchanged physical activity. In men, the respective ORs were 2.05 (95% CI: 0.57-7.42), 2.23 (95% CI: 0.63-7.87), and 1.81 (95% CI: 0.54-6.02). Subanalyses of women and men ≥50 yr showed similar results. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that physical activity does not play a major role in preventing vertebral fractures in Norwegian adults. Future studies may benefit from data on incident vertebral fracture, and objectively measured physical activity.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Atividades de Lazer , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Absorciometria de Fóton , Idoso , Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Comportamento Sedentário , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/prevenção & controle , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 399, 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone loss with aging and menopause increases the risk of fragile vertebral fracture, osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). The fracture causes severe pain, impedes respiratory function, lower the quality of life, and increases the risk of new fractures and deaths. Various medications have been prescribed to prevent a secondary fracture, but few study summarized their effects. Therefore, we investigated their effects on preventing subsequent OVCF via meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials. METHODS: Electronic databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, and Web of Science were searched for published randomized controlled trials from June 2015 to June 2019. The trials that recruited participants with at least one OVCF were included. We assessed the risk of bias of every study, estimated relative risk ratio of secondary OVCF, non-vertebral fracture, gastrointestinal complaints and discontinuation due to adverse events. Finally, we evaluated the quality of evidence. RESULTS: Forty-one articles were included. Moderate to high quality evidence proved the effectiveness of zoledronate (Relative Risk, RR: 0.34; 95% CI, 0.17-0.69, p = 0.003), alendronate (RR: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.43-0.68; p < 0.0001), risedronate (RR: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.51-0.73; p < 0.0001), etidronate (RR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.29-0.87, p < 0.01), ibandronate (RR: 0.52; 95% CI: 0.38-0.71; p < 0.0001), parathyroid hormone (RR: 0.31; 95% CI: 0.23-0.41; p < 0.0001), denosumab (RR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.29-0.57; p < 0.0001) and selective estrogen receptor modulators (Raloxifene, RR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.44-0.76; p < 0.0001; Bazedoxifene, RR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.53-0.82; p = 0.0002) in preventing secondary fractures. Moderate quality evidence proved romosozumab had better effect than alendronate (Romosozumab vs. alendronate, RR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.49-0.84; p = 0.001) and high quality evidence proved that teriparatide had better effect than risedronate (risedronate vs. teriparatide, RR: 1.98; 95% CI: 1.44-2.70; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Zoledronate, alendronate, risedronate, etidronate, ibandronate, parathyroid hormone, denosumab and selective estrogen receptor modulators had significant secondary prevention effects on OVCF. Moderate quality evidence proved romosozumab had better effect than alendronate. High quality evidence proved PTH had better effect than risedronate, but with higher risk of adverse events.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/administração & dosagem , Fraturas por Compressão/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/prevenção & controle , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Fraturas por Compressão/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Compressão/etiologia , Gastroenteropatias/induzido quimicamente , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Oligopeptídeos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/etiologia , Prevalência , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Suspensão de Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 181(5): 509-517, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484162

RESUMO

Introduction: The role of vitamin D on bone microarchitecture and fragility is not clear. Objective: To investigate whether vitamin D deficiency (25(OH)D <20 ng/mL) increases cortical bone loss and the severity of fractures. Design: Cross-sectional study of 287 elderly women with at least one prevalent low-impact fracture. Methods: Biochemistry, X-rays to identify vertebral fractures (VFs) and to confirm non-vertebral fractures (NonVFs), and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) to evaluate bone microstructure. Results: Serum 25(OH)D levels were associated with body mass index (BMI: r = -0.161, P = 0.006), PTH (r = -0.165; P = 0.005), CTX (r = -0.119; P = 0.043) and vBMD at cortical bone (Dcomp: r = 0.132; P = 0.033) and entire bone (D100: r = 0.162 P = 0.009) at the distal radius, but not at the tibia. Age and PTH levels were potential confounding variables, but in the multiple linear regressions only BMI (95% CI: 0.11-4.16; P < 0.01), 25(OH)D (95% CI: -0.007 to 1.70; P = 0.05) and CTX (95% CI: -149.04 to 21.80; P < 0.01) predicted Dcomp, while BMI (95% CI: 1.13-4.18; P < 0.01) and 25(OH)D (95% CI: 0.24-1.52; P < 0.01) predicted D100. NonVFs predominated in patients with 25(OH)D <20 ng/mL (P = 0.013). Logistic regression analysis showed a decrease in the likelihood of presenting grade 2-3 VFs/NonVFs for every increase in 25(OH)D (OR = 0.962, 95% CI: 0.940-0.984; P = 0.001), BMI (OR = 0.932, 95% CI: 0.885-0.981; P = 0.007) and D100 at radius (OR = 0.994, 95% CI: 0.990-0.998; P = 0.005). Conclusion: In elderly patients with prevalent fractures, vitamin D deficiency was associated with cortical bone loss and severity of fractures.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/etiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/etiologia , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia
10.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 44(18): E1068-E1074, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479433

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in vertebral fracture patients admitted to our hospital. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although vertebral fracture is generally treated conservatively with rest and use of a corset, surgery with rigid internal fixation is recommended for vertebral fractures in patients with DISH. Thus, treatment strategies for vertebral fracture differ according to the presence or absence of DISH. However, only a few studies have investigated the prevalence of DISH in vertebral fracture patients. METHODS: A total of 159 patients (49 men and 110 women, with a mean age of 82.9 years) who were diagnosed with fresh vertebral fracture and required admission to HITO Hospital. The diagnosis of fresh vertebral fracture was made using x-ray imaging, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, and the presence or absence of DISH was assessed. In addition, age, sex, bone mineral density ( % young adult mean), blood test results, treatment, and length of hospital stay were compared between patients with and without DISH. RESULTS: The proportion of patients with DISH among the patients with vertebral fracture was 33.9% (54 of 159 patients). The proportions in men and women were 38.8% and 31.8%, respectively, with no significant difference between sexes (P = 0.39). The patients in the DISH group were older than those in the non-DISH group (83.6 vs. 79.4 years, P = 0.009), and the DISH group had higher glycated hemoglobin A1c (P = 0.005), higher bone mineral density (P = 0.042), and longer length of hospital stay (P = 0.0001) compared with those in the non-DISH group. CONCLUSION: The proportion of patients with DISH among the vertebral fracture patients was 33.9%. Given that patients with DISH may require different treatment approaches, careful observation is needed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.


Assuntos
Hiperostose Esquelética Difusa Idiopática/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Hiperostose Esquelética Difusa Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto Jovem
11.
World Neurosurg ; 132: 202-207, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To decrease vehicular traffic in major metropolitan cities throughout the United States, multiple ridesharing companies have launched dockless electric scooters and bicycles throughout cities. From September 2017 through November 2018, Washington, DC, launched a 15-month dockless vehicle pilot program to allow for the rapid entry and growth of electric scooters within the metropolitan area. This rapid growth resulted in a number of minor and significant injuries. CASE DESCRIPTION: We reviewed the electronic medical record of The George Washington University Hospital to investigate and characterize the types of electric scooter-related injuries resulting in neurosurgical consultation in the 15-month period of the Washington, DC, scooter pilot program. Thirteen patients sustained injuries serious enough to merit neurosurgical consultation, including 1 patient whose symptoms required procedural intervention by a neurointerventional radiologist and another patient who was pronounced dead soon after arrival to the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: In this case series, we highlight more severe injuries that resulted in hospitalization or intervention, including skull fracture, central cord syndrome, and vertebral compression fracture. This case series aims to illustrate the potential severity of injuries related to electric scooters, raise awareness on the issues of safety and public health, and call for further investigation into injuries relating to electric scooters.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Motocicletas , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Síndrome Medular Central/epidemiologia , District of Columbia/epidemiologia , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Fraturas por Compressão/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Fraturas Cranianas/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 379, 2019 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between radiographic measurement in lumbar spine and clinical information including symptoms or results of functional testing using a baseline data of longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: A total of 314 elderly subjects were recruited from 5 orthopedic clinics or affiliated facilities. Data for the present investigation were collected via an interviewer-administered questionnaire, which included questions on past medical history, drug history, pain area. And also results of functional testing and X-ray imaging of the lumbar spine were collected. Analysis was carried out to determine any correlation between results of X-ray imaging of the lumbar spine and other collected data, and sorted regarding Akaike Information Criterion (AIC). The correlations among these variables and odds ratio were also analyzed. RESULTS: T12/L1% disc height showed a minimum AIC value with buttock pain (- 4.57) and history of vertebral fracture (- 4.05). The L1/L2, L2/L3, and L3/L4% disc height had a minimal AIC value with knee pain (- 4.11, - 13.3, - 3.15, respectively), and odds ratio of knee pain were 3.5, 3.8, and 2.7, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Correlation was recognized between the T12/L1% disc height and both buttock pain and previous vertebral fractures, and the L1/L2, L2/L3, and L3/L4% disc height showed a correlation with knee pain. Especially the L2/L3% disc height and knee pain had a strong correlation. It was suggested that these findings may provide additional basis to the concept that lumbar spinal lesion associates with knee pain clinically.


Assuntos
Artralgia/epidemiologia , Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Espondilose/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artralgia/etiologia , Artralgia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Espondilose/patologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16080, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261519

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a common problem, especially among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis have major risk factors for osteoporotic fractures. The abuse of epidural steroid injections (ESIs) or the misunderstanding of their proper use could cause osteoporotic fractures. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether ESIs are associated with osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women with low back pain and osteoporosis. Furthermore, we aimed to provide evidence on whether ESIs could be used in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who are at high risk for osteoporotic fractures.We reviewed the medical records of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis but no fractures. A total of 172 postmenopausal women were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 comprised patients receiving medications and Group 2 comprised patients receiving ESIs. All participants received medications for treating osteoporosis. Each patient's age, bone mineral density, body mass index, medical history, and status with respect to smoking, drinking, physical activity, and exercise were obtained using a questionnaire and medical records.The mean total number of ESIs was 6.2, and the mean cumulative administered dose of glucocorticoids (dexamethasone) was 31 mg. The incidences of fractures in the medication and ESI groups were 22% and 24%, respectively, in the thoracolumbar spine, and 2% and 5%, respectively, in the hip joint.There was no significant difference in the incidences of osteoporotic fractures at the thoraco-lumbar spine and hip joint in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis between those who received ESIs (a mean of 6.2 ESIs, a cumulative dexamethasone dose of 31 mg) and those who did not, with both groups taking anti-osteoporotic medications for low back pain. Our data suggest that ESI treatment using a mean of 6.2 ESIs to deliver a maximum cumulative dexamethasone dose of 31 mg could be safely used in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, without any significant impact on the their risk for osteoporotic fractures.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Injeções Epidurais , Dor Lombar/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Lombar/epidemiologia , Pós-Menopausa , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia
15.
World Neurosurg ; 130: e933-e940, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302276

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes in obese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who sustained an osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the improved prone position and right lateral position. METHODS: Between January 2015 and May 2016, a total of 60 patients were enrolled in this randomized controlled study. Patients in group A were placed in the improved prone position for a bilateral transpedicular technique, and those in group B were placed in the right lateral position for a left transverse process-pedicle approach. Clinical and radiologic outcomes were assessed and compared between the 2 groups during the 12-month follow-up period. RESULTS: All operations were successfully completed without any serious sequelae. The operation time, fluoroscopic time, scores for respiratory condition during the operation, intravertebral cement volume, and incidence of cement leakage were significantly greater in group A compared with group B (P < 0.01). During the follow-up period, all patients in both groups experienced significant improvement in pain relief. Satisfactory functional improvement was obtained at 3 months postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of obese patients with COPD suffering from painful OVCF by PVP in both the improved prone position with a bilateral technique and the right lateral position with a unilateral technique was relatively safe and effective. However, unilateral PVP in the right lateral position was associated with a shorter operation time, limited fluoroscopic time, and minimal cement leakage.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Compressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Dor/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor/epidemiologia , Dor/cirurgia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Decúbito Ventral , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 153, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303924

RESUMO

Introduction: traumatic spinal fracture is a painful and disabling injury associated with poor long-term functional outcome. The objective of the present study was to assess the frequency of spinal fractures in road traffic accident (RTA) victims, their management, mortality rate and associated injuries. This study reveals and adds useful insights to the literature from Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in terms of incidence of RTA-related spinal fractures, including their management and mortality rate. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted at King Khalid Hospital and Prince Sultan Center for Health Services (KKH & PSCHS) in AlKharj, KSA from September 2016 to June 2017. A total of 120 patients suffering from spinal/vertebral fractures due to RTAs were included in this study. The data was collected from patients' charts, including age, gender, region or distribution of the spinal fracture, associated fractures, number of fractures, degrees of shock, admission to intensive care unit (ICU), treatment modalities, along with the management of spinal fractures, days of hospital stay, referral and discharges or deaths. Results: the mean age of patients was 29.21. The most common anatomic region of the fracture was the cervical region (35%). Injuries associated with traumatic spinal fracture were predominated by clavicular fractures. More than half of the victims (58.30%) had a cervical brace applied before leaving the hospital. 29.20% patients required posterior stabilization with pedicle screws. Anterior corpectomy, grafting and plating was done to 4.30% patients. Conclusion: traumatic spinal fractures require prompt diagnosis and timely management in order to improve the outcome.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Equipamentos Ortopédicos , Parafusos Pediculares , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/mortalidade , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 39(7): 377-381, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate pediatric scapula fractures occurring in high-energy motorized vehicle accidents and their associated injury patterns in a pediatric patient population. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred sixty-eight pediatric patients who presented after either on-road or off-road motorized vehicle accidents between 1996 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-eight patients were found to have scapula fractures and the remaining 1930 were identified as controls. RESULTS: A total of 39 scapula fractures occurred in 38 patients. The most common pattern was the AO/OTA 14-A3 (n=32), followed by 14-A2 (n=5), 14-B1 (n=1), and 14-C2 (n=1). Scapula fracture patients experienced higher rate of spine fractures (42% vs. 18%, P=0.001), skull fractures (26% vs. 12%, P=0.02), rib fractures (40% vs. 7.6%, P<0.0001), clavicle fractures (34% vs. 6%, P<0.0001), and upper extremity fractures (58% vs. 21%, P<0.0001) compared with controls. Scapula fracture patients had higher Injury Severity Scores (22.1 vs. 10.8, P<0.0001), thoracic injury (79% vs. 31%, P<0.0001), intracranial hemorrhage (32% vs. 15%, P=0.012), pneumothorax (55% vs. 8%, P<0.0001), and lung contusion (63% vs. 12%, P<0.0001). No difference in mortality was observed for scapula and control patients (5% vs. 2%, P=0.302). CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric scapula fractures were not associated with higher mortality rates in this series but were associated with significant morbidity as demonstrated by high rates of associated intracranial hemorrhage, skull fractures, thoracic injury, upper extremity fractures, and spine fractures compared with control patients. Surgeons who care for pediatric trauma patients should view scapula fractures as an indicator for more significant injuries. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.


Assuntos
Fraturas Múltiplas/epidemiologia , Escápula/lesões , Acidentes de Trânsito , Adolescente , Clavícula/lesões , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Minnesota/epidemiologia , Traumatismo Múltiplo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia
18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 4301051, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31223616

RESUMO

Background: C2 cervical fractures account for approximately 18% of cervical spine injuries. Few studies have examined patients presenting to an emergency department (ED) with this injury relative to demographics, injury mechanism, and hospital course. Objectives: To compare multiple variables of ED patients presenting with these types of injuries. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, data were obtained from the Trauma Registry of an academic trauma referral center from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2015. Patients who presented with a C2 fracture were identified. Information regarding the patient's gender, age, mechanism of injury, associated injuries, if a procedure was required, disposition, and mortality was extracted. Comparative analyses were conducted between cases over or under age 60. Results: Between January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2015, a total of 139 patients with C2 fractures were identified. Most patients were 60 years or older (79%). Of those, 62% were female, and falls were the most common mechanism (78%). Of those under 60, 50% were female and motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) were the most common mechanism (71%). Odontoid fractures comprised 84% of C2 fractures. Only 6% had an associated spinal cord injury. Less than one-third of patients required operative intervention for their spinal injuries, and intervention was more common in older patients. Following admission, 19% of patients required placement into a nursing home or skilled nursing facility. Conclusions: C2 fractures are more common in older adults and usually resulted from falls. Odontoid fractures are most common. Most C2 fractures do not result in neurologic injury, and only a third were treated surgically. However, several patients were unable to return to their homes following their injury.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Acidentes de Trânsito , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Sistema de Registros , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/terapia
19.
World Neurosurg ; 130: e368-e374, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The AOSpine Subaxial Cervical Spine Injury Classification System was introduced to improve communication, clinical management, and research. Here, the system was studied in relation to injury severity along with admission and long term neurologic follow-up. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in subaxial cervical spine injury patients. Morphology was classified using the AOSpine Subaxial Cervical Spine Injury Classification System. Six major morphology subtypes were selected for analysis. The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) motor and Abbreviated Injury Severity (AIS) scores were recorded at admission and at follow-up >6 months. Admission intramedullary lesion length (IMLL) on MRI was recorded. RESULTS: In all, 82 patients met criteria for analysis. The mean follow-up time was 11 months (range, 6-33 months). The were 36 patients with morphology subtypes A0, 4 with A1/A2, 9 with A3/A4, 8 with B2, 11 with B3, and 14 with C. The A1/2 subtype had the least severe injuries on admission. The C and A3/A4 subtypes had the most severe injuries. The subtype C had the lowest ASIA Motor Score (AMS) and second highest percentage of complete injuries. A3/A4 patients had the highest percentage of complete injuries on admission. At follow-up, A3/A4 patients had the lowest AMS, and 33% of patients continued to have complete injuries. C subtype injuries all converted to AIS incomplete injuries on follow-up (P = 0.04). IMLL was found to be significantly different compared across multiple morphologic subtypes. Surgical management for each morphology subtype was reported. CONCLUSION: The AOSpine Subaxial Cervical Spine Injury Classification System successfully associated injury morphology with IMLL along with admission and long-term neurologic function and recovery.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/lesões , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/classificação , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Vértebras Cervicais/patologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/classificação , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/patologia
20.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 259, 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There have been only a few reports of subsequent postoperative vertebral fracture following posterior spinal instrumentation fusion, especially in elderly female patients. This study attempted to evaluate the long-term prevalence of subsequent postoperative vertebral fracture in female patients aged 70 years and older who underwent spine decompression and fusion surgery with pedicle screw fixation. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data from 125 patients who met our inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to age: patients aged 70 years and older (Group A) and patients aged under 70 years of age (Group B). We evaluated incidence of subsequent postoperative vertebral fractures, type and timing of vertebral fractures, preoperative bone mineral density (BMD), preoperative diagnosis, surgical procedure, number of levels fused, extension of fusion to the lumbosacral junction, and presence of a transverse fixator. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics excluding patients' age were not statistically different between the two groups. Preoperative BMD of Group A was an average 81.7% of the young adult mean (YAM) value and that of Group B was an average 85.1% YAM value. Subsequent postoperative vertebral fractures occurred in 22 (41.5%) of 53 in Group A. On the other hand, fracture occurred in 17 (23.6%) of 72 in Group B. There were significant differences between the groups (p = 0.02). The odds ratio for subsequent vertebral fracture was 2.4 (95% confidence interval: 1.1-5.2) in favor of Group A. Survival analysis showed that the rate of subsequent vertebral fracture was significantly higher in Group A (log-rank test, P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of subsequent vertebral fracture in patients aged 70 years and older was significantly higher than in patients aged under 70 years of age. In the case of pedicle screw fixation in elderly female patients, it is necessary to note the high risk of subsequent vertebral fracture despite short or non-rigid fusion. Vertebral fracture after posterior fusion surgery even for degenerative lumbar pathology could occur in more than one-third of female patients aged 70 years and older.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parafusos Pediculares/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Fusão Vertebral/métodos
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