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1.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(1): 33-41, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888365

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore whether time to surgery affects functional outcome in displaced proximal humeral fractures. METHODS: A total of 250 patients presenting within three weeks of sustaining a displaced proximal humeral fracture involving the surgical neck were recruited at 32 acute NHS hospitals in the United Kingdom between September 2008 and April 2011. Of the 125 participants, 109 received surgery (fracture fixation or humeral head replacement) as per randomization. Data were included for 101 and 67 participants at six-month and five-year follow-up, respectively. Oxford Shoulder Scores (OSS) collected at six, 12, and 24 months and at three, four, and five years following randomization was plotted against time to surgery. Long-term recovery was explored by plotting six-month scores against five-year scores and agreement was illustrated with a Bland-Altman plot. RESULTS: The mean time from initial trauma to surgery was 10.5 days (1 to 33). Earlier surgical intervention did not improve OSS throughout follow-up, nor when stratified by participant age (< 65 years vs ≥ 65 years) and fracture severity (one- and two-part vs three- and four-part fractures). Participants managed later than reported international averages (three days in the United States and Germany, eight days in the United Kingdom) did not have worse outcomes. At five-year follow-up, 50 participants (76%) had the same or improved OSS compared with six months (six-month mean OSS 35.8 (SD 10.0); five-year mean OSS 40.1 (SD 9.1); r = 0.613). A Bland-Altman plot demonstrated a positive mean difference (3.3 OSS points (SD 7.92)) with wide 95% limits of agreement (-12.2 and 18.8 points). CONCLUSION: Timing of surgery did not affect OSS at any stage of follow-up, irrespective of age or fracture type. Most participants had maximum functional outcome at six months that was maintained at five years. These findings may help guide providers of trauma services on surgical prioritization. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(1):33-41.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fixação de Fratura/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Tempo para o Tratamento
2.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(12): 1123-1127, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical results of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in treating old fracture of proximal humerus in elderly patients. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2017, 12 elderly patients with old proximal humeral fractures were treated with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. There were 5 males and 7 females with an average age of 70.2 years old (ranged from 63 to 81 years old) and an average course of 12.3 months (ranged from 9 to 18 months). VAS score was used to evaluate the degree of pain relief of shoulder joint, Constant-Murley score was used to evaluate the improvement of shoulder joint function and observe the complications during and after operation. RESULTS: All the 12 patients were followed up with an average duration of 22.3 months (ranged from 15 to 56 months). At the latest follow-up, the VAS score was 1.9±1.4, and Constant-Murley score was 83.4±8.4. Among them, shoulder joint flexion was (92.5±7.7)°, abduction was (90.4±14.3)°, external rotation was(31.9±10.0)°, and internal rotation was(58.9±13.1)°. There was statistical significance before and after treatment(P<0.05). There were 2 cases with glenoid notch. The imaging findings were grade I and grade II respectively. No loosening was found during follow-up. No infection, acromial fracture, prosthesis loosening, axillary nerve injury and other complications occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in treating old proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients can achieve satisfactory results, however, indications and complications should be noted.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro , Fraturas do Ombro , Articulação do Ombro , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Úmero , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ombro , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(12): 1165-1167, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the technique, mechanism and clinical efficacy of manual reduction of WU medical school in the treatment of anterior glenohumeral dislocations. METHODS: From January 2016 to December 2017, 181 patients with anterior glenohumeral dislocations were treated with our manual reduction, including 71 males and 110 females, ranging in age from 19 to 94 years old, with a mean age of(61.1±16.3) years old; 68 cases of subglenoid type, 93 cases of subcoracoid type and 20 cases of subclavian type. Constant score was used to evaluate limb function while the external fixation was removed. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-seven patients achieved reduction at the first attempt and 23 patients achieved at the second time. There was no vascular damage, nerve damage or iatrogenic fracture accmpanied. The Constant score ranged from 75 to 100, with a mean score of 92.1±4.3. One hundred and sixty-eight patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 24 months, with an average of (16.1±3.2) months, no recurrent dislocation occurred during the follow up period. CONCLUSIONS: The manual reduction of WU medical school in the treatment of anterior glenohumeral dislocations has high success rate and low complication rate, which is scientific, safe, standardized, easy to learn and worth promoting.


Assuntos
Luxação do Ombro , Fraturas do Ombro , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Manipulação Ortopédica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Faculdades de Medicina , Luxação do Ombro/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Surg Orthop Adv ; 28(3): 180-188, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675294

RESUMO

As the treatment of proximal humerus fractures remains controversial in the literature, this study aims to identify highly cited articles and examine trends and characteristics. Scopus was used to identify the highest cited articles of proximal humerus fracture research. SPSS 23 was used for descriptive statistics and Pearson correlations for the relationship between citation count and density. Average citation count was 233 ± 164 with an annual citation density of 14 ± 7. Total citation count was associated with total citation density, 5-year citation count, and 5-year citation density. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American produced the most articles with 15 (30%). Thirty-five articles originated in Europe. The five most represented authors published three articles each. Finally, 13 (26%) papers appear in the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Curriculum Guide. This study compiles a collection of articles investigating proximal humerus fractures for future review and demonstrates citation count to be an acceptable measure of an article's contemporary academic influence. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 28(3):180-188, 2019).


Assuntos
Fraturas do Úmero , Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Ortopedia , Fraturas do Ombro , Humanos , Pesquisa/tendências
5.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(9): 810-814, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe and compare the shoulder joint function, complications and clinical effects of hemiarthroplasty and open reduction and locking plate in the treatment of comminuted proximal humeral fracture (Neer IV) with 3D printing technique. METHODS: From March 2012 to April 2018, 31 middle age and elderly patients with comminuted proximal humeral fractures (Neer IV) were treated, including 4 males and 27 females, aged from 55 to 94 years old with an average age of 71 years, with a course of 1 to 3 years. Among them, 20 cases were treated with open reduction and locking plate internal fixation (ORIF group) and 11 cases were treated with lower half shoulder replacement (HA group) assisted by 3D printing technology. Using CT data and Mimics software of Materialise Company in Belgium, the reconstruction of fracture was simulated on computer. The height of fracture end to humeral head, the height of tubercle to humeral head, the angle of humeral head backward obliquity were measured to assist the hemiarthroplasty. Follow-up and X-ray examination were performed, the incidence of complications were observed, and Neer score was used for the shoulder joint function. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients were followed up for 1 to 3 years with an average of 2 years. In HA group, there was no prosthesis loosening, fracture and subsidence, the head of artificial humerus was intact, the fracture of nodules and nodules did not heal in 1 case, Neer score was 84.18±3.55; in ORIF group, there were 8 cases of proximal humerus bone resorption, 1 case of fracture nonunion, 1 case of internal fixation loosening, Neer score was 55.91±10.78; there was significant difference in Neer score of shoulder joint function between the two groups(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided minimal traverse-cross technique repair for acute closed Achilles tendon ruptures, which promise minimal incision, protect sural nerve, ensure quality of tendon anastomosis and fixation, and is a ideal method for repairing acute closed Achilles tendon ruptures.


Assuntos
Fraturas Cominutivas , Fraturas do Ombro , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ombro , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(11): 1389-1393, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650754

RESUMO

Objective: To study the surgical treatments of scapula fracture through the muscle space of rotator cuff approach and the Judet approach, and to evaluate and compare the clinical results. Methods: Between January 2014 and December 2015, 50 patients with scapula fractures were treated with open reduction and internal fixation of reconstruction plate. Twenty-four patients were treated through the muscle space of rotator cuff approach (group A), and 26 patients were treated through the Judet approach (group B). There was no significant difference in gender, age, cause of injury, type of fracture, and the interval between injury and operation ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and incision length were recorded, and the shoulder functions after fracture healing confirmed by X-ray films were evaluated according to the Hardegger's scoring system. Results: The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and incision length in group A were significantly lower than those in group B ( P < 0.05). The incisions of the two groups healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6-13 months (mean, 11.6 months) in group A and 7-15 months (mean, 12.1 months) in group B. According to Hardegger standard, the effectiveness was rated as excellent in 19 cases, good in 4 cases, and fair in 1 case, with the excellent and good rate of 95.8% in group A, and as excellent in 15 cases, good in 4 cases, fair in 5 cases, and poor in 2 cases with the excellent and good rate of 73.1% in group B. The difference in effectiveness between 2 groups was significant (χ 2=4.81, P=0.03). X-ray films showed that the reduction and internal fixation were satisfied and the fractures healed in 2 groups. The fracture healing time were (29.86±8.38) weeks in group A and (30.05±7.99) weeks in group B, showing no significant difference between 2 groups ( t=0.16, P=0.87). Conclusion: Compared with the Judet approach, the muscle space of rotator cuff approach has advantages of clearly exposure, less muscular dissection, less intraoperative blood loss, less operation time, easier operation, and satisfied shoulder function can be obtained.


Assuntos
Manguito Rotador , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Escápula , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1307-1312, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564143

RESUMO

AIMS: In order to determine whether and for whom serial radiological evaluation is necessary in one-part proximal humerus fractures, we set out to describe the clinical history and predictors of secondary displacement in patients sustaining these injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2014 and April 2016, all patients with an isolated, nonoperatively treated one-part proximal humerus fracture were prospectively followed up. Clinical and radiological evaluation took place at less than two, six, 12, and 52 weeks. Fracture configuration, bone quality, and comminution were determined on the initial radiographs. Fracture healing, secondary displacement, and treatment changes were recorded during follow-up. RESULTS: In 100 patients (59 female, 41 male; mean age 57 years), 91 of the fractures (91%) remained stable. In five of nine patients (55%) with secondary displacement, surgery was recommended. Comminution, present in 23 patients (23%), was identified as a predictor of secondary displacement (p < 0.001). Patients' age, sex, fracture configuration, and bone quality were not associated with secondary displacement (p ≥ 0.438). Nonoperative treatment resulted in a mean absolute Constant score (CS) of 80 (49 to 98), relative CS of 101% (63% to 138%), median subjective shoulder value of 95% (interquartile range (IQR) 90% to 100%), and median EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire score of 0.89 (IQR 0.80 to 1.00) with bone union in all cases at one-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: Radiological re-evaluation was only necessary in patients presenting with comminution and may be redundant for 77% of patients with one-part proximal humerus fractures. Nonoperative treatment of one-part proximal humerus fractures remains the mainstay of treatment with a low rate of secondary surgery, a high union rate, and good clinical results. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1307-1312.


Assuntos
Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Radiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros , Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Desnecessários/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia/métodos , Fraturas do Ombro/terapia , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1272-1279, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564147

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare complication-related reoperation rates following primary arthroplasty for proximal humerus fractures (PHFs) versus secondary arthroplasty for failed open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified patients aged 50 years and over, who sustained a PHF between 2004 and 2015, from linkable datasets. We used intervention codes to identify patients treated with initial ORIF or arthroplasty, and those treated with ORIF who returned for revision arthroplasty within two years. We used multilevel logistic regression to compare reoperations between groups. RESULTS: We identified 1624 patients who underwent initial arthroplasty for PHF, and 98 patients who underwent secondary arthroplasty following failed ORIF. In total, 72 patients (4.4%) in the primary arthroplasty group had a reoperation within two years following arthroplasty, compared with 19 patients (19.4%) in the revision arthroplasty group. This difference was significantly different (p < 0.001) after covariable adjustment. CONCLUSION: The number of reoperations following arthroplasty for failed ORIF of PHF is significantly higher compared with primary arthroplasty. This suggests that primary arthroplasty may be a better choice for patients whose prognostic factors suggest a high reoperation rate following ORIF. Prospective clinical studies are required to confirm these findings. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1272-1279.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro/efeitos adversos , Redução Aberta/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Idoso , Artroplastia do Ombro/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Redução Aberta/métodos , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(9): 1141-1146, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512456

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of simultaneous and delayed repair of combined full-thickness rotator cuff rupture in proximal humerus fracture. Methods: Between January 2015 and January 2017, 44 patients with proximal humerus fractures complicated with full-thickness rotator cuff injuries were included. Twenty-four patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and rotator cuff repair simultaneously (simultaneous operation group), and 20 patients underwent delayed arthroscopic rotator cuff repair more than 90 days after ORIF (delayed operation group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, cause of injury, and side of injury between the two groups ( P>0.05). The fracture healing was observed by X-ray films. The shoulder function was assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation by using the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score. Results: All incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 12-24 months (mean, 17 months). Fractures all healed at 3 months after operation in simultaneous operation group. According to UCLA score, the patients had achieved significantly better outcomes in function, active forward flexion, strength of forward flexion, and subjective satisfaction in simultaneous operation group than in delayed operation group at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in pain between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion: For patients with proximal humerus fracture complicated with full-thickness rotator cuff rupture, performing ORIF and simultaneous repair of rotator cuff can improve shoulder function and achieve better effectiveness when compared with delayed repair of rotator cuff.


Assuntos
Úmero , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Fraturas do Ombro , Artroscopia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/normas , Humanos , Úmero/lesões , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Manguito Rotador/patologia , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16836, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415405

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Isolated fracture of clavicle is usually treated with nonoperative conservative treatment. However, surgical treatment, customized for individual patient's need, is increasingly done. With regard to the surgery of the clavicle fracture, pneumothorax is a possible, but rare complication. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 32-year-old healthy female patient who underwent minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) due to a clavicle fracture. To avoid direct exposure of fracture site, the pre-contoured plate was inserted through the lateral incisional port to reach the medial incisional port. There was no problem during the surgery, but the patient complained of dyspnea in the post-anesthesia care unit. DIAGNOSES: A chest radiograph was taken immediately, and a definitive finding of pneumothorax was revealed. INTERVENTIONS: A tube was inserted at the right chest. OUTCOMES: The patient's dyspnea was resolved. On the 6th day after the surgery, the chest radiograph revealed that pneumothorax was nearly resolved, enabling to remove the chest tube. On the 9th day after the surgery, the patient was discharged without complication. LESSONS: After clavicle surgery requiring strong dissection like MIPO, the possibility of pneumothorax is suspected and the patient should be carefully observed.


Assuntos
Clavícula/lesões , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Adulto , Placas Ósseas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos
13.
Rozhl Chir ; 98(7): 273-276, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398986

RESUMO

In 1991, Ada and Miller described a new type of scapular neck fracture. It was a transverse fracture of the scapular body passing from the inferior border of the glenoid to the medial border of the scapular body (their type IIC). This fracture was later designated by Goss as a “fracture of neck inferior to scapula spine“. Since then, this type of fracture has been the cause of a number of controversies, mainly concerning the so-called “floating shoulder”. However, scapular neck fractures can be considered to be only those fractures that separate completely the glenoid from the scapular body. Term “fracture of neck inferior to scapula spine“ does not fit into this definition because it does not compromise the junction between the glenoid fossa and the scapular body. Actually, it is a transverse two-part fracture of the infraspinous part of the scapular body. As a result this term should no longer be used in the literature.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas do Ombro , Humanos , Escápula
14.
J Surg Orthop Adv ; 28(2): 121-126, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411957

RESUMO

Fixation of proximal humerus fractures (PHFs) with intramedullary (IM) nails potentially is a newer, less invasive technique. The purpose of this study was to report on the early adoption results of IM nail use for PHF. Retrospective chart reviews were performed on the first 60 patients treated with IM nails for acute PHFs by two shoulder surgeons. The first 15 patients treated by each surgeon were compared with the subsequent 15 patients. Surgical and fluoroscopic times, fracture type, union, and varus collapse were compared. The average operating time decreased (p = .002). Fluoroscopy time, radiographic alignment, union rate, complications, and reoperations were not influenced. Three- and four-part fractures had a higher complication rate than two-part fractures (53% vs. 20%). When considering implementing use of IM nails for treatment of PHFs, initial cases can have outcomes and complications similar to those performed with greater experience. IM nailing appears a good treatment option for two-part PHFs. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 28(2):121-126, 2019).


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Ombro , Pinos Ortopédicos , Humanos , Úmero , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Shoulder Elbow Surg ; 28(11): 2072-2078, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no consensus as to the treatment of proximal humeral fractures (PHFs), particularly in elderly patients. There is increasing evidence that nonoperative management may have similar functional outcomes to operative management, which is potentially conflicting with increasingly improved surgical techniques and implants. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in the incidence and management of PHFs across Australia over a 10-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all hospitalizations of patients with PHFs from 2 Australian national health care databases from 2008 to 2017. We recorded the incidence of PHFs and annual utilization rates of commonly used treatment options including nonoperative management, hemiarthroplasty (HA), reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA), and open reduction-internal fixation (ORIF). RESULTS: The incidence of PHFs increased from 26.8 per 100,000 person-years in 2008 to 45.7 per 100,000 person-years in 2017. There was a decrease in operative management from 2008 to 2017, with 32.5% and 22.8% of all PHFs treated operatively in 2008 and 2017, respectively (P = .001). ORIF use decreased significantly from 76.6% to 72.6% (P = .004). RTSA use increased significantly from 4.1% to 24.5% (P < .001). HA use decreased significantly from 19.3% to 3% (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Whereas the incidence of PHFs increased, the operative management of PHFs decreased significantly from 2008 to 2017, particularly in patients aged 65 years or older. This decrease in operative management was in part due to a significant decrease in ORIF and HA use in patients aged 65 years or older. There was a significant increase in RTSA use.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro/estatística & dados numéricos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/estatística & dados numéricos , Hemiartroplastia/estatística & dados numéricos , Redução Aberta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Austrália , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas do Ombro/epidemiologia
16.
Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg ; 23(3): 102-110, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454334

RESUMO

Fractures of the proximal humerus are relatively common injuries in adults accounting for 5% of fractures. Nowadays the most common technique used is open reduction internal fixation with LCP plates. The risks associated with open reduction internal fixation had led us to develop and apply a "hybrid" system, which is based on external fixation and closed surgery principles. This system is capable of stabilize up to 4 fragment fractures on different planes while conferring a strong enough fixation to maintain fracture reduction while allowing the patient to perform passive and active movement since the first day following the surgery. Our study group started on November 2009 until December 2015 and consisted of 118 patients with a mean age of 68.84±10.52 years for females (76) and 65.62±12.56 for males (44). Patients were classified according to the AO/OTA (Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen/Orthopedic Trauma association) Classification. In a few patients we performed mini lateral accesses to allow reduction of the humeral head and greater tuberosity. Shoulder mobilization was initiated from the first day following surgery. The external fixator was removed at 5 weeks with successive check-ups at 3, 6, and 12 months. The majority of type B and type C1 fractures had almost a complete functional recovery. Patients also, especially in the elderly, reported a good quality of life without pain during any range of motion. Our group of patients, after removal of the apparatus at 5 weeks following the surgery, had a mean articular range of motion with active abduction of 90 degrees and about 100 degrees with passive abduction. Postoperative CS scores at 12 months follow-up was 75,47±8.02. In addition there was also significant (P<0.05) improvement between preoperative and postoperative visual analog scale measurements (in cm), 7.67±2.70 and 1.71±2.08, respectively. This technique has shown good functional results with reduced surgical risks and complications that are typical of open reduction surgical fixation of proximal humerus fractures, is quick in execution and minimally invasive. Given the very good results of the study of this new external fixation technique has shown to be a viable option for the treatment of proximal humerus fractures.


Assuntos
Fixadores Externos , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Idoso , Pinos Ortopédicos , Fios Ortopédicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Fluoroscopia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoporose/complicações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Fraturas do Ombro/classificação , Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Orthopedics ; 42(4): e395-e398, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323111

RESUMO

Proximal humerus fractures in elderly patients are a common injury that can often be treated nonoperatively. However, surgery is indicated with some fracture patterns. Arthroplasty is an attractive option with poor bone quality, when there is a low likelihood of success with open reduction and internal fixation, and due to a timely return to function and weight bearing of the extremity in this patient population. A prerequisite for shoulder function for both native and replacement joints is a functional deltoid. Unfortunately, elderly patients with complex fracture patterns can sustain axillary nerve palsies that make management more difficult. The authors present a case of an elderly patient with a complex fracture-dislocation of the proximal humerus with traumatic axillary nerve palsy treated with hemiarthroplasty, followed by radial-to-axillary nerve transfer after the deltoid failed to improve. Congruency of the joint was restored and significant improvement in objective scoring metrics was achieved, making nerve transfer in this clinical scenario a viable option. [Orthopedics. 2019; 42(4):e395-e398.].


Assuntos
Fratura-Luxação/complicações , Hemiartroplastia , Transferência de Nervo/métodos , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/cirurgia , Nervo Radial/transplante , Fraturas do Ombro/complicações , Ombro/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Fratura-Luxação/cirurgia , Humanos , Úmero/cirurgia , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/etiologia , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
PLoS Med ; 16(7): e1002855, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although increasingly used, the benefit of surgical treatment of displaced 2-part proximal humerus fractures has not been proven. This trial evaluates the clinical effectiveness of surgery with locking plate compared with non-operative treatment for these fractures. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The NITEP group conducted a superiority, assessor-blinded, multicenter randomized trial in 6 hospitals in Finland, Estonia, Sweden, and Denmark. Eighty-eight patients aged 60 years or older with displaced (more than 1 cm or 45 degrees) 2-part surgical or anatomical neck proximal humerus fracture were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to undergo either operative treatment with a locking plate or non-operative treatment. The mean age of patients was 72 years in the non-operative group and 73 years in the operative group, with a female sex distribution of 95% and 87%, respectively. Patients were recruited between February 2011 and April 2016. The primary outcome measure was Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score at 2-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes included Constant-Murley score, the visual analogue scale for pain, the quality of life questionnaire 15D, EuroQol Group's 5-dimension self-reported questionnaire EQ-5D, the Oxford Shoulder Score, and complications. The mean DASH score (0 best, 100 worst) at 2 years was 18.5 points for the operative treatment group and 17.4 points for the non-operative group (mean difference 1.1 [95% CI -7.8 to 9.4], p = 0.81). At 2 years, there were no statistically or clinically significant between-group differences in any of the outcome measures. All 3 complications resulting in secondary surgery occurred in the operative group. The lack of blinding in patient-reported outcome assessment is a limitation of the study. Our assessor physiotherapists were, however, blinded. CONCLUSIONS: This trial found no significant difference in clinical outcomes at 2 years between surgery and non-operative treatment in patients 60 years of age or older with displaced 2-part fractures of the proximal humerus. These results suggest that the current practice of performing surgery on the majority of displaced proximal 2-part fractures of the humerus in older adults may not be beneficial. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01246167.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Consolidação da Fratura , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Fraturas do Ombro/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Placas Ósseas , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Fixação de Fratura/efeitos adversos , Fixação de Fratura/instrumentação , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aparelhos Ortopédicos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Ombro/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Shoulder Elbow Surg ; 28(11): 2139-2146, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this investigation is to identify the in-hospital and 30-day postoperative complications for reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) performed because of proximal humerus fracture (PHFx) vs. cuff tear arthropathy (CTA), and determine whether acute fracture is associated with differences in complications after RTSA. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for RTSA performed for PHFx and CTA. This database contains surgical outcomes within 30 days after the index procedure. Patients underwent a 1:1 propensity matched based on preoperative demographics and comorbidities. Outcomes included operative time, length of stay (LOS), complications, transfusion, readmission, and discharge destination. RESULTS: A total of 1006 patients (503 per group) were included. With a PHFx, operative time was longer (129.5 ± 54.2 vs. 96.0 ± 40.0 minutes, P < .001), and the patients were more likely to have an adverse event (19.0% vs. 8.2%, P < .001), require transfusion (15.71% vs. 3.98%, P < .001), have longer LOS (3.8 ± 3.6 vs. 2.2 ± 1.7 days, P < .001), and were more likely to be discharged to an extended care facility (27.2% vs. 10.3%, P < .001). PHFx was an independent risk factor for an adverse event after an RTSA. CONCLUSIONS: RTSA to treat PHFx is associated with longer LOS, increased complications, and discharge to an extended care facility compared with RTSA for CTA. Patients with PHFx require more health care resources than patients with CTA. It is imperative for surgeons, patients, families, governments, hospital systems, and insurance payers to recognize the differences in resource utilization for RTSA in treating PHFx compared with CTA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Artropatia de Ruptura do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Ombro/métodos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Cuidado Periódico , Feminino , Humanos , Úmero/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 315, 2019 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of proximal humeral fractures (PHF) increased by more than 30% over the last decade, which is accompanied by an increased number of operations. However, the evidence on operative vs. non-operative treatment and post-operative treatments is limited and mostly based on expert opinion. It is mandatory to objectively assess functional capacity to compare different treatments. Clinical tools should be valid, reliable and sensitive to change assessing functional capacity after PHFs. This study aimed to analyse inter-rater reliability of the videotaped Wolf-Motor-Function-Test-Orthopaedic (WMFT-O) and the association between the clinical WMFT-O and the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and to determine the sensitivity to change of the WMFT-O and the DASH to measure functional capacity before and after rehabilitation in PHF patients. METHODS: Fifty-six patients (61.7 ± 14.7 years) after surgical treatment of PHF were assessed using the WMFT-O at two different time points. To determine inter-rater reliability, the videotaped WMFT-O was evaluated through three blinded raters. Inter-rater agreement was determined by Fleiss' Kappa statistics. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to assess the association between the clinical WMFT-O and the video rating as well as the DASH. Sensitivity to change and responsiveness were analysed for the WMFT-O and the DASH in a subsample of forty patients (53.8 ± 1.4 years) who were assessed before and after a three week robotic-assisted training intervention. RESULTS: Inter-rater agreement was indicated by Fleiss' Kappa values ranging from 0.33-0.66 for functional capacity and from 0.27-0.54 for quality of movement. The correlation between the clinical WMFT-O and the video rating was higher than 0.77. The correlation between the clinical WMFT-O and the DASH was weak. Sensitivity to change was high for the WMFT-O and the DASH and responsiveness was given. In comparison to the DASH, the sensitivity to change of the WMFT-O was higher. CONCLUSION: The overall results indicate that the WMFT-O is a reliable, sensitive and responsive instrument to measure more objectively functional change over time in rehabilitation after PHF. Furthermore, it has been shown that video assessment is eligible for studies to ensure a full blinding of raters. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT03100201 . Registered on 28 March 2017. The trial was retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Ortopedia/métodos , Fraturas do Ombro/reabilitação , Idoso , Braço/fisiopatologia , Terapia por Exercício/instrumentação , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas do Ombro/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Ombro/fisiopatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Gravação em Vídeo
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