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1.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 585, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38977983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of preoperative blood glucose levels in reducing the incidence of postoperative delirium (POD) remains controversial. This study aims to investigate the impact of preoperative persistent hyperglycemia on POD in geriatric patients with hip fractures. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed medical records of patients who underwent hip fracture surgery at a tertiary medical institution between January 2013 and November 2023. Patients were categorized based on preoperative hyperglycemia (hyperglycemia defined as ≥ 6.1mmol/L), clinical classification of hyperglycemia, and percentile thresholds. Multivariate logistic regression and propensity score matching analysis (PSM) were employed to assess the association between different levels of preoperative glucose and POD. Subgroup analysis was conducted to explore potential interactions. RESULTS: A total of 1440 patients were included in this study, with an incidence rate of POD at 19.1% (275/1440). Utilizing multiple logistic analysis, we found that patients with hyperglycemia had a 1.65-fold increased risk of experiencing POD compared to those with normal preoperative glucose levels (95% CI: 1.17-2.32). Moreover, a significant upward trend was discerned in both the strength of association and the predicted probability of POD with higher preoperative glucose levels. PSM did not alter this trend, even after meticulous adjustments for potential confounding factors. Additionally, when treating preoperative glucose levels as a continuous variable, we observed a 6% increase in the risk of POD (95% CI: 1-12%) with each 1mmol/L elevation in preoperative glucose levels. CONCLUSIONS: There exists a clear linear dose-response relationship between preoperative blood glucose levels and the risk of POD. Higher preoperative hyperglycemia was associated with a greater risk of POD. CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER: NCT06473324.


Assuntos
Delírio , Fraturas do Quadril , Hiperglicemia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/sangue , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Hiperglicemia/sangue , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Delírio/sangue , Delírio/epidemiologia , Delírio/diagnóstico , Delírio/etiologia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Glicemia/análise , Período Pré-Operatório , Incidência , Fatores de Risco , Pontuação de Propensão
2.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0304654, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38980889

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This meta-analysis compared the efficacy and safety of Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation (PFNA) and InterTan Nail in the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures. Given the high incidence of femoral intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly population and its impact on quality of life, choosing the most effective and safest surgical option is crucial. PFNA and InterTan are currently two commonly used techniques, but there is a lack of systematic evaluation comparing their safety and effectiveness. This study aims to fill this knowledge gap through Meta-analysis, providing clinicians with evidence-based treatment recommendations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computer search was used to search for published literature on PFNA and InterTan in the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in PubMed (Medline), Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library (CENTRAL), Cinahl, CBM, and CNKI.A total of 853 related literatures were retrieved, and 15 literatures were finally included. Newcastle-Ottawa-Scale and Cochrane systematic review methodologies were used to assess the quality of the literature. Meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.4 software, following data extraction. RESULTS: The comparison found that during the surgical treatment of intertrochanteric fractures, the operation time, fluoroscopy time, and blood loss in the PFNA group were significantly shorter than those in the InterTan group, and the difference was statistically significant. In terms of postoperative complication rates, the InterTan group had a significant advantage over the PFNA group. Shaft fracture, varus collapse, cut out, screw migration, and pain of hip and thigh were the most likely to occur in the PFNA group, and the differences were all statistically significant. In terms of postoperative efficacy, the results of the PFNA group and the InterTan group were comparable, and there was no significant differences. CONCLUSIONS: When selecting surgical techniques for the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fractures, it is necessary to conduct individualized assessments based on the patient's overall health status, surgical tolerance, and post-operative recovery needs. For patients who cannot tolerate long-term surgery or are in poor physical condition, PFNA may be more appropriate. While for patients who can tolerate long-term surgery or have more complex conditions, InterTan may be more suitable.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos , Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
3.
JBJS Case Connect ; 14(2)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870321

RESUMO

CASE: A 70-year-old man with a year-long history of arthritic pain in his left hip presented to our clinic. He had a left intertrochanteric hip fracture 6 years ago, fixed with an open reduction internal fixation with a cephalomedullary nail. He underwent a conversion Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) with removal of the proximal helicoidal blade and retention of the intramedullary nail. At 7-year follow-up, the patient reported satisfactory clinical outcomes and excellent radiographic fixation. CONCLUSION: This case highlights using conversion BHR in patients with post-traumatic arthritis with retained femoral hardware as an alternative to conventional total hip arthroplasty.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 462, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The thickness of the lateral femoral wall, which is an important indicator for evaluating the stability and integrity of intertrochanteric fractures, has been widely studied in recent years. However, as a typical representative of internal fixation treatment, there are few reports on the biomechanical comparison between PFNA and DHS + CS. This study focused primarily on the biomechanical effects of different lateral femoral wall thicknesses on two types of internal fixation through finite element analysis. METHODS: We randomly recruited a healthy adult and collected his femoral CT data to establish a model of femoral intertrochanteric fracture with different lateral femoral wall thicknesses. Following PFNA and DHS + CS fixation, femoral models were simulated, and variations in stress and displacement of the internal fixation and femoral head were recorded under the same physiological load. RESULTS: First, finite element mechanical analysis revealed that the stress and displacement of the internal fixation and femoral head were lower in the femoral model after PFNA fixation than in the DHS + CS model. Second, as the outer wall thickness decreased, the stress and deformation endured by both types of internal fixation gradually increased. CONCLUSIONS: Finite element analysis determined that PFNA exhibits significantly better biomechanical stability than DHS + CS when subjected to varying lateral femoral wall thicknesses. Moreover, lateral femoral wall thickness substantially affects the stability of the two internal fixation biomechanical environments. When the thickness of the lateral femoral wall is too small, we do not recommend using extramedullary fixation because there is a significant risk of internal fixation fracture.


Assuntos
Análise de Elementos Finitos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Estresse Mecânico , Adulto
5.
Med Sci Monit ; 30: e944063, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This prospective study from a single center aimed to compare the perioperative blood loss (PBL) in 79 patients with intertrochanteric fractures (IF) treated with intramedullary nailing (IMN) using 3 regimens of combined tranexamic acid (TXA) and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), proposing a novel therapy of 4-dose TXA. MATERIAL AND METHODS We recruited 79 patients and randomly divided them into 3 groups. The 4-dose TXA group (22 patients) received 1.0 g intravenous TXA 30 min before surgery and 1.0 g at intervals of 3, 6, and 9 h before surgery. The 1-dose TXA group (25 patients) received 1.0 g intravenous TXA 30 min before surgery, while the control group (32 patients) did not receive TXA. LMWH was applied 12 h after surgery in each group. The primary metrics evaluated included hidden blood loss (HBL), total blood loss (TBL), and the number and incidence rate of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). RESULTS Analysis of the HBL revealed that the 4-dose TXA group had the lowest average (583.13±318.08 ml), followed by the 1-dose TXA group (902.94±509.99 ml), and the control group showed the highest (1154.39±452.06 ml) (P<0.05). A similar result was observed for TBL (4-dose group: 640.86±337.22 ml, 1-dose group: 971.74±511.14 ml, control group: 1226.27±458.22 ml, P<0.05). Regarding DVT, the 4-dose TXA group had 5 cases (incidence rate 22.73%), the 1-dose TXA group had 6 cases (incidence rate 24.00%), and the control group had 8 cases (incidence rate 25.00%), with no significant difference among groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Treatment using 4-dose TXA and LMWH can effectively reduce PBL without increasing the DVT risk in IF patients with IMN.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular , Fraturas do Quadril , Ácido Tranexâmico , Trombose Venosa , Humanos , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Masculino , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/administração & dosagem , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose Venosa/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos
7.
Acta Med Okayama ; 78(3): 237-243, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38902211

RESUMO

Fracture liaison services (FLS) have been introduced in Japan and several other countries to reduce medical complications and secondary fractures. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the implementation of an FLS approach on patient outcomes during hospitalization at our hospital and over a 2-year follow-up post-injury. This retrospective cohort study included patients ≥ 60 years admitted to our hospital for hip fragility fractures between October 1, 2016, and July 31, 2020. Patient groups were defined as those treated before (control group, n=238) and after (FLS group, n=196) establishment of the FLS protocol at our institution. The two groups were compared in terms of time to surgery, length of hospital stay, and the incidence of complications after admission, including secondary hip fracture and mortality rates. The follow-up period was 24 months. FLS focuses on early surgery within 48 h of injury and assessing osteoporosis treatment before injury to guide post-discharge anti-osteoporosis medication. FLS reduced the length of hospital stay (p<0.001) and the prevalence of complications after admission (p<0.001), particularly cardiovascular disease, and it increased adherence to anti-osteoporosis medication. These FLS effects resulted in lower secondary hip fracture and mortality rates at 12 and 24 months post-injury. FLS for fragility hip fractures can improve patient outcomes during hospitalization and over a 2-year follow-up period.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tempo de Internação , Japão/epidemiologia
8.
Ann Med ; 56(1): 2357225, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38902847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with hip fractures frequently need to receive perioperative transfusions of concentrated red blood cells due to preoperative anemia or surgical blood loss. However, the use of perioperative blood products increases the risk of adverse events, and the shortage of blood products is prompting us to minimize blood transfusion. Our study aimed to construct a machine learning algorithm predictive model to identify patients at high risk for perioperative transfusion early in hospital admission and to manage their patient blood to reduce transfusion requirements. METHODS: This study collected patients hospitalized for hip fractures at a university hospital from May 2016 to November 2022. All patients included in the analysis were randomly divided into a training set and validation set according to 70:30. Eight machine learning algorithms, CART, GBM, KNN, LR, NNet, RF, SVM, and XGBoost, were used to construct the prediction models. The models were evaluated for discrimination, calibration, and clinical utility, and the best prediction model was selected. RESULTS: A total of 805 patients were included in the study, of whom 306 received transfusions during the perioperative period. We screened eight features used to construct the prediction model: age, fracture time, fracture type, hemoglobin, albumin, creatinine, calcium ion, and activated partial thromboplastin time. After evaluating and comparing the performance of each of the eight models, the model constructed by the XGBoost algorithm had the best performance, with MCC values of 0.828 and 0.939 in the training and validation sets, respectively. In addition, it had good calibration and clinical utility in both the training and validation sets. CONCLUSION: The model constructed by the XGBoost algorithm has the best performance, using this model to identify patients at high risk for transfusion early in their admission and promptly incorporating them into a patient blood management plan can help reduce the risk of transfusion.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Fraturas do Quadril , Aprendizado de Máquina , Humanos , Masculino , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Medição de Risco/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Algoritmos , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(25): e38518, 2024 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38905374

RESUMO

Globally, hip fractures in elderly individuals are a prevalent and serious issue. Patients typically have a longer length of stay (LOS), which increases the risk of complications and increases hospitalization costs. Hemoglobin (Hb) is a routine blood test that is associated with disease prognosis. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between preoperative Hb and LOS in elderly hip fracture patients and to determine a reliable transfusion threshold. The clinical data of hip fracture patients (aged ≥ 60 years) admitted to the Department of Orthopaedics, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, between January 2012 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to assess the linear relationship between preoperative Hb and LOS. Smooth curve fitting was performed to investigate potential nonlinear relationships. In the case of discovering nonlinear relationships, a weighted two-piecewise linear regression model was built, and the inflection points were determined using a recursive algorithm. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on age and gender. A total of 1444 patients with an average age of (77.54 ±â€…8.73) years were enrolled. After adjusting for covariates, a nonlinear relationship was found between preoperative Hb and LOS. The two-piecewise linear regression model revealed an inflection point of 10 g/dL. On the left of the inflection point (Hb < 10 g/dL), the LOS was reduced by 0.735 days for every 1 g/dL increase in Hb (ß = -0.735, 95% confidence interval: -1.346 to -0.124, P = .019). On the right side of the inflection point (Hb > 10 g/dL), the relationship was not statistically significant (ß = 0.001, 95% confidence interval: -0.293 to 0.296, P = .992). In elderly hip fracture patients, there is a nonlinear association between preoperative Hb and LOS. However, when Hb levels were <10 g/dL, there was a negative correlation with the LOS. No correlation was observed when Hb levels were >10 g/dL. These findings underscore the importance of timely intervention to manage Hb levels in elderly patients with hip fractures, potentially reducing hospitalization durations and associated complications.


Assuntos
Hemoglobinas , Fraturas do Quadril , Tempo de Internação , Humanos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/sangue , Idoso , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemoglobinas/análise , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Período Pré-Operatório , Modelos Lineares , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0305706, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38905251

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Some studies have associated frailty and prognostic outcomes in geriatric hip fracture patients, but whether frailty can predict postoperative outcomes remains controversial. This review aims to assess the relationship between frailty and adverse postoperative outcomes in geriatric patients with hip fracture. METHODS: Based on electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, the Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and WanFang Data, we systematically searched for studies that investigated the association between frailty and adverse outcomes among patients aged 60 or over after hip fracture surgery. Stata 17.0 and Trial Sequential Analysis viewer software were used to obtain pooled estimates and verify whether the sample size was sufficient and the evidence robust. RESULTS: Twenty-one studies involving 49,196 patients were included for quantitative analysis. Compared with nonfrail patients, frail patients had a higher risk of inpatient mortality (risk ratio [RR] = 1.93, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.66-2.23), 30-day mortality (RR = 2.13, 95% CI: 1.23-3.70), and 1-year mortality (RR = 2.44, 95% CI: 1.47-4.04). Frailty can significantly predict postoperative complications (RR = 1.76, 95% CI: 1.38-2.23), including delirium, pneumonia, cardiac complications, urinary tract infection, and surgical site infection; the association between frailty and deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolism and acute kidney injury needs further analysis. Trial sequential analysis showed that the findings regarding mortality were reliable and robust. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis provides detailed information indicating that frailty is a substantial predictor of mortality and selected postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Fraturas do Quadril , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/complicações , Idoso , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fragilidade/complicações , Idoso Fragilizado , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Resultado do Tratamento , Prognóstico , Feminino , Masculino
11.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 38(6): 703-709, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38918191

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of long and short proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) in the treatment of type A2.3 intertrochanteric fracture of femur (IFF). Methods: The clinical data of 54 patients with type A2.3 IFF admitted between January 2020 and December 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the length of PFNA nail used in the operation, they were divided into long nail group (PFNA nail length>240 mm, 24 cases) and short nail group (PFNA nail length≤240 mm, 30 cases). There was no significant difference in baseline data such as gender, age, fracture side, body mass index, and time from fracture to operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, intraoperative reduction quality score, fracture healing, and complications of the two groups were recorded and compared. Harris score was used to evaluate the hip function of patients at 1 year after operation. According to the relationship between the fracture line of type A2.3 IFF and the lesser trochanter, the two groups of patients were divided into type Ⅰ(the fracture line extends to the level of the lesser trochanter), type Ⅱ(the fracture line extends to less than 2 cm below the lesser trochanter), and type Ⅲ (the fracture line extends to more than 2 cm below the lesser trochanter), and the postoperative stability and internal fixator loosening of each subtype were evaluated. Results: The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency in short nail group were significantly less than those in long nail group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the intraoperative reduction quality score between the two groups ( P>0.05). Patients in both groups were followed up 12-18 months, with an average of 13.5 months. The postoperative stability score of short nail group was significantly lower than that of long nail group ( P<0.05). The Harris score in the long nail group was significantly higher than that in the short nail group at 1 year after operation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in Harris score grading between the two groups ( P>0.05). Complications occurred in 3 cases of the long nail group (including 1 case of coxa varus caused by external nail entry point and 2 cases of loose internal fixator), and 7 cases of the short nail group (including 1 case of coxa varus caused by external nail entry point and 6 cases of loose internal fixator). Neither group had any anterior femoral arch damage, there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). The number of type Ⅲ patients was relatively small and not included in the statistics; there was no significant difference in the postoperative stability score and the incidence of internal fixator loosening between the long and short nail groups in type Ⅰ patients ( P>0.05). In type Ⅱ patients, the postoperative stability score and the incidence of internal fixation loosening in the long nail group were significantly better than those in the short nail group ( P<0.05). Conclusion: Long PFNA fixation for type A2.3 IFF has longer operation time and more intraoperative blood loss, but the overall stability of fracture is better after operation. For type A2.3 IFF with fracture line extending to less than 2 cm below the lesser trochanter, long PFNA is used for fixation, although the surgical trauma is large, but the postoperative stability is better than that of short PFNA; for type A2.3 IFF with fracture line extending to the lesser trochanter, there is no significant difference in postoperative stability between long and short PFNAs.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Duração da Cirurgia , Humanos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Feminino , Masculino , Consolidação da Fratura , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Fêmur/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rotação , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso
12.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 38(6): 710-715, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38918192

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the morphological characteristics of sagittal beak-like deformity of head-neck fragment in femoral intertrochanteric fractures and to investigate the technical skills in fracture reduction. Methods: A clinical data of 31 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures between May 2021 and April 2023 was retrospectively analyzed. The fractures had sagittal beak-like deformity of head-neck fragment in all patients. There were 13 males and 18 females, with an average age of 76.2 years (range, 68-83 years). The time from injury to operation was 36-76 hours (mean, 51.2 hours). Fractures were classified as type A1.2 in 10 cases, type A1.3 in 11 cases, type A2.2 in 6 cases, and type A2.3 in 4 cases according to the AO/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA)-2018 classification; and as type A1.3 in 10 cases, type A2.1 in 11 cases, type A2.2 in 6 cases, type A2.3 in 2 cases, and type A2.4 in 2 cases according to a novel comprehensive classification for femoral intertrochanteric fractures proposed by the "Elderly Hip Fracture" Research Group of the Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery Committee of the Chinese Rehabilitation Medical Association. Based on preoperative X-ray films, CT scan and three-dimensional reconstruction, the fractures were classified into two types: type 1 (14 cases), with uncomplicated fracture morphology, severe bone interlocking and (or) soft tissue incarceration; type 2 (17 cases), with severe fracture crushing, obvious dissociation between bone blocks, and severe soft tissue hinge destruction. After the failure of the closed reduction, all patients underwent fracture reduction assisted with instrument via anterior minimal incision and proximal femoral nail antirotation nails internal fixation. The operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy, intraoperative visible blood loss, length of hospital stay, and incidence of complications were recorded. The fracture reduction quality and stability score were assessed at immediate after operation under fluoroscopy. The fracture healing was evaluated and healing time was recorded by X-ray films. The pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score was performed at 48 hours after operation and Parker-Palmer activity score at 3 months after operation for function evaluation. Results: The operation time was 39-58 minutes (mean, 46.3 minutes); fluoroscopy was performed 13-38 times (mean, 23.5 times) during operation; the intraoperative visible blood loss was 45-90 mL (mean, 65.3 mL). The fracture reduction quality and stability score were rated as good in 29 cases and acceptable in 2 cases. The pain VAS score was 2-6 (mean, 3.1) at 48 hours after operation. Eleven patients developed deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs after operation. Patients were hospitalized for 6-10 days (mean, 7.3 days). All patients were followed up 5-8 months (mean, 6.5 months). All fractures healed at 3.5-8.0 months after operation (mean, 4.5 months). Parker-Palmer activity score at 3 months after operation was 9 in 28 cases and 6 in 3 cases. Conclusion: The femoral intertrochanteric fracture with sagittal beak-like deformity of head-neck fragment is difficult to manually reduce. The pin combined with cannulated screw insertion to the neck cortex can hold the fragment and assist fracture reduction, which is a simple and effective technique.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Parafusos Ósseos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos
13.
Iowa Orthop J ; 44(1): 167-171, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38919366

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of lag screw exchange for painful lateral soft tissue impingement in patients initially treated with cephalomedullary nailing (CMN) for an intertrochanteric hip fracture. Methods: Ten patients initially treated with CMN for unstable intertrochanteric fractures presenting with persistent pain and radiographic evidence of lag screw lateral migration were treated with exchange of original screw with shorter lag screw buried in the lateral cortex to prevent impingement. Patients were evaluated for resolution of pain and achievement of pre-fracture ambulatory status at 6 months post-operatively. Results: Average age was 71.5 years (range: 62-88). Average length of follow-up was 24.9 months. All patients were female, with an average Charlson Comorbidity Index of 1.0 (0-3) and average Body Mass Index of 22.2 (16.0-31.1). Five of ten patients (50.0%) were treated with a cortisone injection in the trochanteric bursa prior to screw exchange with temporary pain relief. Five (50.0%) patients presented with limited range of hip motion. Five (50.0%) had history of prior or current bisphosphonate use. Average lag screw prominence was noted to be 12.2mm (7.9-17.6mm) on radiographic evaluation. Screw exchange was performed at an average of 18.6 months (5.4-44.9 months) following the index procedure. Average operating time of the screw exchange procedure was 45.3 minutes (34-69 minutes) and blood loss was <50mL in all cases. Replacement lag screws were an average of 16.0mm (10-25mm) shorter than the initial screw. All patients achieved complete or significant resolution of lateral thigh pain, and nine (90%) returned to pre-fracture ambulatory status by eight weeks after screw exchange. All patients remained pain free at six months after screw exchange. Conclusion: Lag screw exchange is a efficacious method to address the mechanical irritation of laterally protruding lag screws following IT hip fracture, while also prophylaxing against subsequent femoral neck fractures. Level of Evidence: IV.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Idoso , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Reoperação , Pinos Ortopédicos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
14.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 336, 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38890700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Femoral head varus triggers poor clinical prognosis in intertrochanteric fracture patients with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) fixation. Studies present that changes in nail position and screw insertion angles will affect fixation stability, but the biomechanical significance of these factors on the risk of femoral head varus has yet to be identified in PFNA fixed patients. METHODS: Clinical data in PFNA fixed intertrochanteric fracture patients have been reviewed, the relative position of intermedullary nail has been judged in the instant postoperative lateral radiography. Regression analyses have been performed to identify the effect of this factor on femoral head varus. Corresponding biomechanical mechanism has been identified by numerical mechanical simulations. RESULTS: A clinical review revealed that ventral side nail insertion can trigger higher risk of femoral head varus, corresponding numerical mechanical simulations also recorded poor fixation stability in models with ventral side nail insertion, and changes in the trajectory of anti-rotation blade will not obviously affect this tendency. CONCLUSIONS: Ventral side insertion of intramedullary nail can trigger higher risk of femoral head varus in PFNA fixed patients by deteriorating the instant postoperative biomechanical environment, and changes in blade trajectory cannot change this tendency biomechanically. Therefore, this nail position should be adjusted to optimize patients' prognosis.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos , Cabeça do Fêmur , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Cabeça do Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia
15.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 544, 2024 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38909190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accelerated growth of older individuals worldwide has increased the number of patients presenting with fragility hip fractures. Having a hip fracture can cause excess mortality, and patients with hip fracture have a higher risk of death than those without hip fracture. Most studies have treated hip fracture as a single, homogeneous condition, but hip fracture includes two major anatomic types: intertrochanteric fracture and femoral neck fracture. Few studies have specifically evaluated 1-year mortality risk in older individuals with femoral intertrochanteric fracture. The aim of this study was to evaluate 1-year mortality and factors associated with mortality in older individuals with femoral intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of 563 patients ≥ 65 years old who underwent surgery for femoral intertrochanteric fractures at our institution between January 2010 and August 2018. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and treatment were collected by retrospective chart review. Age, sex, Body Mass Index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), Arbeitsgemeinschaft Für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) fracture classification, haemoglobin value at admission, time to surgery, operation time, and intraoperative blood loss were risk factors to be tested. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate associations between variables and death. RESULTS: Among the 563 patients, 49 died within 1 year after surgery, and the 1-year mortality rate was 8.7%. Multivariate analysis identified age > 80 years (OR = 4.038, P = 0.011), haemoglobin < 100 g/l (OR = 2.732, P = 0.002), ASA score ≥ 3 (OR = 2.551, P = 0.005), CCI ≥ 3 (OR = 18.412, P = 0.018) and time to surgery > 14 d (OR = 3.907, P = 0.030) as independent risk factors for 1-year mortality. Comorbidities such as myocardial infarction and chronic pulmonary disease were associated with 1-year mortality after adjusting for age > 80 years and time to surgery > 14 days. CONCLUSIONS: Patients over 80 years old with haemoglobin < 100 g/l, ASA score ≥ 3, CCI ≥ 3, and multiple comorbidities, especially myocardial infarction and chronic pulmonary disease before surgery, are at a higher risk of 1-year mortality. Doctors should pay more attention to these vulnerable patients, and a surgical delay greater than 14 days should be avoided.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , China/epidemiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária/tendências , Medição de Risco/métodos
16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 14292, 2024 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38906978

RESUMO

Fractures of the contralateral hip may easily occur in elderly patients after an initial hip fracture. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and major predisposing risk factors of contralateral hip fracture after initial hip fracture in the elderly, to provide a clinical basis for preventing contralateral hip fracture. The data of 1586 patients who had sustained first or second hip fractures and had been surgically treated in our department were retrospectively analyzed. Potential predictive factors for contralateral hip fracture and descriptive statistics associated with surgery (such as blood loss, operation time, and length of hospital stay) were recorded. Of these patients, 133 (8.4%) suffered contralateral hip fracture. The rates of contralateral fracture after femoral neck and intertrochanteric fracture were 5.4% and 10.7% respectively (P < 0.01). Fifty-four cases of contralateral hip fracture occurred within one year, an incidence of 40.6%, while 95 cases (71.4%) and 105 cases (78.9%) occurred within two and three years, respectively, with a interval duration of 21.6 months. The risk factors for contralateral hip fracture were found to be age, type of first fracture, bone mineral density, the Singh index, and concomitant internal medical diseases, which were found to be significantly associated with an increased risk of contralateral hip fracture in multivariate logistic regression analysis (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the presence of concomitant internal diseases, type of first fracture, bone mineral density, the Singh index, and age were found to be significant predictors of the risk of contralateral hip fracture in elderly patients after a first hip fracture.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/etiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/complicações , Masculino , Feminino , Fatores de Risco , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , Incidência , Tempo de Internação
17.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e49482, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38865706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Digital health interventions (DHIs) have been used to improve postoperative functional ability in older patients with hip fractures. However, there is limited information on the characteristics of home-based DHIs, and controversy exists regarding their impact on functional outcomes in this population. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide an overview of the characteristics and effects of home-based DHIs on functional outcomes in older patients with hip fractures after surgery. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis following PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Five electronic medical databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, ProQuest, and CINAHL) were searched up until January 3, 2023. We included clinical trials or randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in English involving home-based DHIs for postoperative care among older patients with hip fractures. Excluded studies involved patients not hospitalized, not discharged to home, not directly using DHIs, or with inaccessible full text. The PROSPERO registration number is CRD42022370550. Two independent reviewers screened and extracted data (SP and NB). Disagreements were resolved through discussion and agreement with the third author (KP). Home-based DHIs were characterized in terms of purpose and content, mode of delivery, and health care provider. Functional outcomes assessed included Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and Functional Independence Measure (FIM). Summary measures were calculated using mean differences with 95% CIs. Risk of bias was assessed using the Risk-of-Bias 2 assessment tool for RCTs and ROBINS-I for non-RCTs. The quality of evidence was assessed using GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation). RESULTS: Of 2125 identified studies, 16 were included in the systematic review, involving 1467 participants. Six studies were included in the meta-analysis (4 for TUG, 4 for SPPB, and 2 for FIM). Home-based DHIs predominantly involved communication and feedback, education, and telerehabilitation. Telephone calls were the most common mode of delivery, followed by web-based software and mobile apps. Physical therapists were the main health care providers. The meta-analysis showed that home-based DHIs improved functional outcomes compared with usual care, with decreased TUG scores (mean difference=-7.89; 95% CI -10.34 to -5.45; P<.001), significantly increased SPPB scores (mean difference=1.11; 95% CI 0.51-1.72; P<.001), and increased FIM scores (mean difference=7.98; 95% CI 5.73-10.24; P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Home-based DHIs that integrate communication and feedback, education, and telerehabilitation have demonstrated effectiveness in enhancing functional outcomes among older patients recovering from hip fractures after surgery. These interventions are commonly administered by physical therapists, who play a crucial role in facilitating and guiding the rehabilitation process. However, while the existing evidence supports the efficacy of such interventions, further research is needed to enhance our understanding and optimize the implementation of home-based DHIs for this specific population.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Humanos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/reabilitação , Idoso , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Saúde Digital
18.
Injury ; 55(7): 111606, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834012

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The use of hypnotic drugs is common in the elderly and is associated with negative health outcomes. Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of hypnotic drug usage amongst hip fracture patients undergoing a rehabilitation program and investigate any potential associations between hypnotic drug use and rehabilitation outcomes in a post-acute care setting. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 440 geriatric hip fracture patients was conducted from 1/1/2019 to 12/2021 in a geriatric rehabilitation center. The main outcome measures were the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), the motor FIM effectiveness and length of stay (LOS). RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-eight (51.7 %) patients out of the entire cohort (440)), were prescribed hypnotic drugs. These patients exhibited a significantly lower rate of diabetes (p = 0.025), a higher rate of depression (p = 0.003), and lower albumin levels (p = 0.023) upon admission to rehabilitation in comparison to untreated patients. No significant differences were observed between the two patient groups in functional rehabilitation outcomes or LOS. Moreover, no correlation was established between the hypnotic drug burden during rehabilitation and the outcome measures. Furthermore, no significant differences were found between patients treated with hypnotic drugs on admission and those who were prescribed these drugs during rehabilitation. The type of hypnotic drug did not affect these results. CONCLUSION: The use of hypnotic drugs by elderly individuals undergoing a rehabilitation program after a hip fracture is unlikely to have an adverse impact on their short-term rehabilitation outcomes. Consequently, there may not be an immediate necessity to discontinue these drugs upon admission. Nevertheless, the use of hypnotic drugs should be approached with caution and minimized whenever possible due to an increased fall risk and other adverse effects.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Hipnóticos e Sedativos , Humanos , Fraturas do Quadril/reabilitação , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hipnóticos e Sedativos/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Reabilitação , Resultado do Tratamento , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13534, 2024 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867082

RESUMO

The purpose of this research was to ascertain how progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technique affected hip fracture patients' anxiety, sleep quality, and post-operative pain. This parallel randomized controlled trial was conducted on 100 patients with hip fracture hospitalized in one of the reference orthopedic hospitals in Tehran, Iran who were selected using convenience sampling and randomly were placed in two PMR group (n = 50) and control group (n = 50). Data were collected by Demographic information questionnaire, Visual analogue scale for pain rating, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The PMR technique was the progressive muscle relaxation technique, which was started the night after the surgery for three nights before going to bed. Data were collected on two occasions, including before the PMR technique and the day after the last stage of the PMR technique. The data were analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed significant within-group changes in both groups' post-operative pain, sleep quality, and anxiety scores (P < 0.001). The progressive muscle relaxation group experienced decreased post-operative pain and anxiety scores and increased sleep quality scores (P < 0.001). The linear mixed model showed that the absolute changes in the follow-up post-operative pain, sleep quality, and anxiety scores were 1.19 and 7.94 units, significantly lower than the baseline, respectively. The results revealed significant within-group changes in both groups' post-operative pain, sleep quality, and anxiety scores (P < 0.001). The progressive muscle relaxation group experienced decreased post-operative pain and anxiety scores and increased sleep quality scores (P < 0.001). The study's findings demonstrated the beneficial effects of progressive muscle relaxation on hip fracture patients' outcomes, such as their level of anxiety, sleep quality, and post-operative pain. The study's findings can be applied by medical professionals to improve patient satisfaction and care quality.This clinical trial has been registered with the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials under the code IRCT20231120060119N1, which was approved on 7/12/2023.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Relaxamento Muscular , Dor Pós-Operatória , Humanos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/psicologia , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Ansiedade , Qualidade do Sono , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Relaxamento/métodos , Irã (Geográfico) , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Medição da Dor
20.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(3): 390-396, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827754

RESUMO

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional outcomes, radiologic results, and complications after hybrid total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with subchondral insufficiency fractures (SIFs) of the femoral head. Methods: From June 2009 to December 2020, among 985 patients who underwent hybrid THA at our hospital, 19 patients diagnosed with SIF through a retrospective chart review were included. Those under 50 years of age, with radiographic findings of osteonecrosis on the contralateral side of surgery, a history of organ transplantation, and alcohol abuse, were excluded. Functional evaluation was performed using a modified Harris Hip Score (HHS). After surgery, inclination and anteversion of the acetabular cup and version of the femoral system were measured using postoperative x-ray. The outpatient follow-up was performed at 6 weeks, 3 months, 9 months, and 12 months after surgery and every year thereafter. Complications including dislocation, implant loosening, stem subsidence, and periprosthetic infection were observed on follow-up radiographs. Results: The average follow-up time was 29.3 ± 9.1 months (range, 24-64 months) with no loss to follow-up. The mean modified HHS was 83.4 ± 9.6 (range, 65-100) at the last outpatient clinic follow-up. The average inclination of the acetabular cup was 41.9° ± 3.4° (range, 37°-48°), and the anteversion was 27.5° ± 6.7° (range, 18°-39°). The version of the femoral stem was 19° ± 5.7° (range, 12°-29°). There was no case of intraoperative fracture. There were no cases of dislocation, loosening of the cup, subsidence of the femoral stem, intraoperative or periprosthetic fracture, or periprosthetic infection on the follow-up radiographs. Conclusions: In our study, hybrid THA showed favorable outcomes in patients diagnosed with SIF, and there were no further special considerations as for THA performed due to other diseases or fractures.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas de Estresse , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas de Estresse/cirurgia , Fraturas de Estresse/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas de Estresse/etiologia , Adulto , Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Cabeça do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Cabeça do Fêmur/lesões , Idoso , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
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