Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.932
Filtrar
3.
J Elder Abuse Negl ; 32(3): 217-234, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160818

RESUMO

The present study investigated perceptions of plea bargains in elder financial abuse. Approximately 78-90% of felony convictions are the result of plea bargains, yet very little work examines the public's perceptions of it. Additionally, elders lose an estimated $2.6-36.5 billion dollars each year to financial abuse and exploitation. Participants were recruited from Mturk (N = 74) and completed a mixed-factors 2 (Amount of Money Stolen: $5,000 vs. $50,000) x 2 (Relationship of Victim and Perpetrator: son vs. caretaker) x 2 (Type of Sentence: reduced jail sentence vs. probation) x 2 (Participant Gender) design. Amount, relationship, and sentence were within-participant factors, while gender was between-participant. It was found that there were main effects of amount, sentence, and relationship between victim and defendant such that participants showed a preference for plea bargains when the amount in question was lower ($5,000 vs. $50,000), when the sentence given was harsher (a reduced jail sentence vs. probation), and when the defendant was the victim's son (vs. a caretaker).


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/legislação & jurisprudência , Maus-Tratos ao Idoso/legislação & jurisprudência , Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência , Negociação , Idoso , Direito Penal , Maus-Tratos ao Idoso/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fraude/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino
4.
Rev Med Interne ; 41(5): 330-334, 2020 May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107052

RESUMO

Scientific misconduct (fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism) and detrimental research practices (selective reporting of data, inappropriate citation practice, ghostwriting) are admitted respectively by 2 % and 33 % of researchers. The consequences of scientific misconduct and detrimental research practices are disastrous, both for the doctors, who are the most affected researchers in view of the number of retracted articles, and for the patients, victims of false information that may have health consequences. In order to fight against the causes (promotion of doctors and allocation of resources to clinical wards and laboratories on purely quantitative research criteria, lack of training in scientific integrity in medical studies, heterogenous quality of reviewing, legal impunity), there are legislative, academic, technological and editorial solutions, but radical and urgent cultural change is needed first.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/ética , Má Conduta Científica , Pesquisa Biomédica/história , Pesquisa Biomédica/legislação & jurisprudência , Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Decepção , Políticas Editoriais , Europa (Continente) , França , Fraude/ética , Fraude/história , Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Legislação como Assunto , Plágio , Publicações/história , Publicações/legislação & jurisprudência , Publicações/normas , Má Conduta Científica/classificação , Má Conduta Científica/história , Má Conduta Científica/legislação & jurisprudência
5.
Int J Public Health ; 65(2): 165-174, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705149

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: As reported in other high-income countries, around the 2008 Great Recession the Spanish banking sector engaged abusive practices that satisfy the definition of fraud. Our objective is to examine the association between self-reported bank fraud and physical health, using a gender perspective. METHODS: With data from the 2017 Madrid Health Survey, we examined the association between the economic impact of fraud and poor self-rated health (SRH), comorbidity and pain (N = 4425). Interactions of time since fraud and sex with economic impact were tested by Poisson regression models with robust variance. RESULTS: In total, 11% of adults in Madrid reported bank fraud since 2006. Among men, those who experienced frauds with severe economic impact were more likely to report adverse health than those who did not experience fraud (PR comorbidity: 1.46; PR pain conditions: 2.17). Among men time elapsed since fraud strengthened the association between severe economic impact and poor SRH (p = 0.022; p = 0.006, respectively). Among women, associations did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Bank frauds are an emerging phenomenon which is likely to damage public health. Stricter regulation to protect people from fraudulent bank practices is needed.


Assuntos
Conta Bancária/legislação & jurisprudência , Comorbidade , Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência , Nível de Saúde , Dor , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Autorrelato , Espanha , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adulto Jovem
6.
Clin J Oncol Nurs ; 23(6): 563, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730597

RESUMO

Federal agents raided a number of genetic testing laboratories in September 2019, resulting in 35 people being charged with fraudulent genetic testing associated with an estimated $2.1 billion in losses to federal healthcare insurance programs. The scams work in several ways. In some cases, an older adult is contacted by a customer service representative of the testing laboratory and told that Medicare pays for the genetic testing ordered, based on a simple cheek swab sample. This occurs when representatives of the testing laboratory have "arrangements" with providers who order the tests, often without the provider examining the patient. These providers may receive financial payment or other gifts for their efforts.


Assuntos
DNA/genética , Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência , Testes Genéticos/legislação & jurisprudência , Medicare/economia , Testes Genéticos/economia , Humanos , Estados Unidos
7.
Br J Nurs ; 28(19): 1268-1269, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680574

RESUMO

Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, outlines what constitutes fraud and the measures taken by the NHS to counter fraudulent activity.


Assuntos
Fraude/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Estatal , Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Reino Unido
8.
Anaesthesist ; 68(12): 859-868, 2019 12.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720727

RESUMO

Transparency in healthcare has been demanded and promoted for years. The aim of such transparency is disclosure of relationships and interests, so that patients can draw their own conclusions regarding the economic relations of their treating physician. Furthermore, transparency measures aim to prevent illegitimate payments. Overall, transparency should keep healthcare free from non-medical considerations, which may stand in contrast to the patient's wellbeing. Part of this strategy is the legislation aimed at fighting corruption in healthcare passed 13 April 2016, the so-called Anticorruption Act.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/normas , Ética Médica , Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos
11.
Br J Nurs ; 28(19): 1168-1169, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647736

RESUMO

Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, outlines what constitutes fraud and the measures taken by the NHS to counter fraudulent activity.


Assuntos
Fraude/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Estatal , Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Reino Unido
14.
J Food Sci ; 84(10): 2705-2718, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546281

RESUMO

The food industry is advancing at a rapid pace and consumer sensitivity to food safety scares and food fraud scandals is further amplified by rapid communication such as by social media. Academia, regulators, and industry practitioners alike struggle with an evolving issue regarding new terms and definitions including food fraud, food authenticity, food integrity, food protection, economically motivated adulteration, food crime, food security, contaminant, adulterant, and others. This research addressed some of the global need for clarification and harmonization of commonly used terminology. The 150 survey responses were received from various food-related workgroups or committee members, communication with recognized experts, and announcements to the food industry in general. Overall food fraud was identified as a "food safety" issue (86%). The food quality and manufacturing respondents focused mainly on incoming goods and adulterant-substances (<50%) rather than the other illegal activities such as counterfeiting, theft, gray market/diversion, and smuggling. Of the terms included to represent "intentional deception for economic gain" the respondents generally agreed with food fraud as the preferred term. Overall, the preference was 50% "food fraud," 15% "economically motivated adulteration" EMA, 9% "food protection," 7% "food integrity," 5% "food authenticity," and 2% "food crime." It appears that "food protection" and "food integrity" are terms that cover broader concepts such as all types of intentional acts and even possibly food safety or food quality. "Food authenticity" was defined with the phrase "to ensure" so seemed to be identified as an "attribute" that helped define fraudulent acts. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Food Fraud-illegal deception for economic gain using food-is a rapidly evolving research topic and is facing confusion due to the use of different terms and definitions. This research survey presented common definitions and publication details to gain insight that could help provide clarity. The insight from this report provides guidance for others who are harmonizing terminology and setting the overall strategic direction.


Assuntos
Contaminação de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência , Terminologia como Assunto , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/economia , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia , Abastecimento de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Fraude/economia , Humanos
19.
Rev. derecho genoma hum ; (50): 161-201, ene.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191222

RESUMO

El presente estudio tiene por objeto examinar el Convenio sobre la falsificación de productos médicos y delitos similares que supongan una amenaza para la salud pública (Medicrime). Los estados miembros, conscientes de la amenaza que representa para la salud pública el comercio internacional de medicamentos falsificados, han aprobado diversos instrumentos para controlar la elaboración, distribución y venta de medicamentos para el consumo humano en la Unión Europea, entre los que se destaca el aprobado por el Consejo de Europa, esto es, el Convenio Medicrime, hecho en Moscú el 28 de octubre de 2011, y que entró en vigor a partir del 1 de enero de 2016. Este instrumento ha contado, desde entonces, con la firma de más de 23 países de Europa, África y Asia para quienes supone un recurso indispensable en materia penal para los estados miembros que les permitirá proteger en mejor medida la salud pública de los ciudadanos de la venta ilegal de medicamentos


The purpose of this study is to examine the Convention on Counterfeiting of Medical Products and Similar Crimes Which pose a Threat to Public Health (Medicrime). The member states, aware of the threat to public health posed by the international trade in counterfeit medicines, have adopted various instruments to control the manufacture, distribution and sale of medicines for human consumption in the European Union, including the one approved by the Council of Europe, i.e. the Medicrime Convention, done in Moscow on 28 October 2011, which entered into force on 1 January 2016. This instrument has since been signed by more than 23 countries in Europe, Africa and Asia, for which it is an indispensable resource in criminal matters for member states that will allow them to better protect the public health of citizens from the illegal sale of medicines


Assuntos
Humanos , Fraude/legislação & jurisprudência , Medicamentos Falsificados , Controle de Medicamentos e Entorpecentes/legislação & jurisprudência , Acordos de Cooperação Científica e Tecnológica , Má Conduta Profissional/legislação & jurisprudência , Crime/legislação & jurisprudência , Tráfico de Drogas/legislação & jurisprudência , Retirada de Medicamento Baseada em Segurança/legislação & jurisprudência
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA