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1.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 69(4): 11-12, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470195

RESUMO

We report a case with serologically (MAC ELISA) proven acute dengue virus infection and variable atrio-ventricular (AV) conduction block (2:1 with Mobitz type I second degree). A 23 years old boy was referred to the hospital on the 7th day of the illness for thrombocytopenia (19000/cmm) with fever and body aches. On day 11th of the illness, during recovery phase he developed variable AV conduction block. There was no other abnormality in the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) except occasional VPCs and echocardiogram showed normal ventricular systolic function. CPK-MB, serum electrolytes were normal. Trop-T was negative. The pulse and rhythm resolved to normal on day 13th. AV block during recovery from dengue fever may be a transient functional phenomenon, in which altered autonomic tone may play a role and conservative but vigilant management may be justified.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Atrioventricular , Dengue , Adulto , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/diagnóstico , Dengue/complicações , Dengue/diagnóstico , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
2.
Int Braz J Urol ; 47(6): 1178-1188, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472767

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate autonomic activity in children/adolescents with isolated overactive bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive, analytical, non-interventional, cross-sectional study conducted between February 2017 and January 2018 with individuals aged between 5 and 17 years old, with overactive bladder (OAB group) or asymptomatic (control). Neurological or anatomical abnormalities, diabetes mellitus and kidney failure constituted exclusion criteria. The DVSS and the Rome III questionnaire were applied, and heart rate variability (HRV) was assessed. The chi-square test, Student's t-test, ANOVA and the Mann Whitney U test were used in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: 41 patients with OAB and 20 controls were included. In the OAB group, there were more girls (p=0.23), more overweight/obese and constipated patients. The DVSS score was higher in the OAB group. HRV showed a higher heart rate variability at the frequency domain and LF/HF variation in the control group (p=0.02 and p=0.05 respectively). In the intergroup evaluation, LF (Hz) was predominant in the control group at the post-voiding evaluation moment (p=0.03). CONCLUSION: The control group demonstrated a physiological heart rate variation during the voiding process, with a predominance of sympathetic activity during urinary storage.


Assuntos
Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa , Adolescente , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Micção
3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 117(2): 309-316, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although maximal and submaximal walking are recommended for patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), performing these exercises may induce different physiological responses. OBJECTIVES: To compare the acute effects of maximal and submaximal walking on post-exercise cardiovascular function, regulation, and associated pathophysiological processes in patients with symptomatic PAD. METHODS: Thirty male patients underwent 2 sessions: maximal walking (Gardner's protocol) and submaximal walking (15 bouts of 2 minutes of walking separated by 2 minutes of upright rest). In each session, blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), cardiac autonomic modulation (HR variability), forearm and calf blood flows (BF), vasodilatory capacity (reactive hyperemia), nitric oxide (NO), oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation), and inflammation (four markers) were measured pre- and post-walking. ANOVAs were employed, and p < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Systolic and mean BP decreased after the submaximal session, but they increased after the maximal session (interactions, p < 0.001 for both). Diastolic BP did not change after the submaximal session (p > 0.05), and it increased after maximal walking (interaction, p < 0.001). HR, sympathovagal balance, and BF increased similarly after both sessions (moment, p < 0.001, p = 0.04, and p < 0.001, respectively), while vasodilatory capacity, NO, and oxidative stress remained unchanged (p > 0.05). Vascular and intercellular adhesion molecules increased similarly after both maximal and submaximal walking sessions (moment, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with symptomatic PAD, submaximal, but not maximal walking reduced post-exercise BP, while maximal walking maintained elevated cardiac overload during the recovery period. On the other hand, maximal and submaximal walking sessions similarly increased post-exercise HR, cardiac sympathovagal balance, and inflammation, while they did not change post-exercise NO bioavailability and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Doença Arterial Periférica , Caminhada , Pressão Sanguínea , Teste de Esforço , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente , Masculino
4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502615

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to develop a simple submaximal walk test protocol and equation using heart rate (HR) response variables to predict maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max). A total of 60 healthy adults were recruited to test the validity of 3 min walk tests (3MWT). VO2max and HR responses during the 3MWTs were measured. Multiple regression analysis was used to develop prediction equations. As a result, HR response variables including resting HR and HR during walking and recovery at two different cadences were significantly correlated with VO2max. The equations developed using multiple regression analyses were able to predict VO2max values (r = 0.75-0.84; r2 = 0.57-0.70; standard error of estimate (SEE) = 4.80-5.25 mL/kg/min). The equation that predicted VO2max the best was at the cadence of 120 steps per minute, which included sex; age; height; weight; body mass index; resting HR; HR at 1 min, 2 min and 3 min; HR recovery at 1 min and 2 min; and other HR variables calculated based on these measured HR variables (r = 0.84; r2 = 0.70; SEE = 4.80 mL/kg/min). In conclusion, the 3MWT developed in this study is a safe and practical submaximal exercise protocol for healthy adults to predict VO2max accurately, even compared to the well-established submaximal exercise protocols, and merits further investigation.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adulto , Exercício Físico , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Teste de Caminhada , Caminhada
5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502736

RESUMO

Mental health is as crucial as physical health, but it is underappreciated by mainstream biomedical research and the public. Compared to the use of AI or robots in physical healthcare, the use of AI or robots in mental healthcare is much more limited in number and scope. To date, psychological resilience-the ability to cope with a crisis and quickly return to the pre-crisis state-has been identified as an important predictor of psychological well-being but has not been commonly considered by AI systems (e.g., smart wearable devices) or social robots to personalize services such as emotion coaching. To address the dearth of investigations, the present study explores the possibility of estimating personal resilience using physiological and speech signals measured during human-robot conversations. Specifically, the physiological and speech signals of 32 research participants were recorded while the participants answered a humanoid social robot's questions about their positive and negative memories about three periods of their lives. The results from machine learning models showed that heart rate variability and paralinguistic features were the overall best predictors of personal resilience. Such predictability of personal resilience can be leveraged by AI and social robots to improve user understanding and has great potential for various mental healthcare applications in the future.


Assuntos
Robótica , Comunicação , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Interação Social , Fala
6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(17)2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502807

RESUMO

Photoplethysmography (PPG) is an optical measurement technique that detects changes in blood volume in the microvascular layer caused by the pressure generated by the heartbeat. To solve the inconvenience of contact PPG measurement, a remote PPG technology that can measure PPG in a non-contact way using a camera was developed. However, the remote PPG signal has a smaller pulsation component than the contact PPG signal, and its shape is blurred, so only heart rate information can be obtained. In this study, we intend to restore the remote PPG to the level of the contact PPG, to not only measure heart rate, but to also obtain morphological information. Three models were used for training: support vector regression (SVR), a simple three-layer deep learning model, and SVR + deep learning model. Cosine similarity and Pearson correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the similarity of signals before and after restoration. The cosine similarity before restoration was 0.921, and after restoration, the SVR, deep learning model, and SVR + deep learning model were 0.975, 0.975, and 0.977, respectively. The Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.778 before restoration and 0.936, 0.933, and 0.939, respectively, after restoration.


Assuntos
Fotopletismografia , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Volume Sanguíneo , Frequência Cardíaca
7.
Aerosp Med Hum Perform ; 92(8): 627-632, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503615

RESUMO

AbstractBACKGROUND: Based on posturography parameters during sleep deprivation (SD), a mental fatigue index (MFI) was constructed for healthy male cadets.METHODS: There were 37 young male subjects who volunteered for two successive days of SD. Their posturography balance, profile of mood status (POMS), and heart rate variability (HRV) were measured at four different times (10:00 and 22:00 of day 1, 10:00 and 22:00 of day 2). According to the methods used in our previous research, similar MFIs based on posturography parameters were computed. Then, correlations of MFIs with POMS scores and HRV values were evaluated by linear and nonlinear methods including quadratic, S-curve, growth, and exponential analyses.RESULTS: MFI continued to increase during SD and MFI as the independent variable had quadratic relationships with fluster (R² 0.057), depression (R² 0.067), and anger (R² 0.05) scores of POMS. A linear correlation was found between MFI and the depression score (R² 0.045) and MFI correlated linearly (R² 0.029) and nonlinearly (R² 0.03) with heart rate. Similarly, MFI reflected changes in the time and frequency domain parameters of HRV, with linear (R²range: 0.0290.082) or nonlinear (R²range: 0.0300.082) relationships.DISCUSSION: The increase of MFI was linked with amplification of personal negative moods and an imbalance of autonomic nervous system activity. The findings suggest that MFI might be a potential indicator of mental fatigue and provide a method to prevent driving fatigue and human errors.Cheng S, Yang J, Su M, Sun J, Xiong K, Ma J, Hu W. Postural stability change under sleep deprivation and mental fatigue status. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2021; 92(8):627632.


Assuntos
Fadiga Mental , Privação do Sono , Afeto , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino
8.
Aerosp Med Hum Perform ; 92(8): 677-680, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503620

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: During active phases of manned spaceflight there is a possibility of a spacecraft landing at any point traversed by its orbital path on the Earth. Survival training after emergency landing is an important and vital part of pre-mission preparations. In this paper we analyze medical issues associated with winter survival training in marshy and forested terrain.METHODS: From 2011 to 2019, 50 International Space Station crews participated in winter survival training. Crewmembers included Roscosmos, NASA, CSA, ESA, and JAXA astronauts, spaceflight participants, and instructors. Medical protocols and training final reports were analyzed for conditions and medical events.RESULTS: The health status of crewmembers during training was nominal. Temperature sensation was reported as comfortable or moderately cold during daytime and moderately cold or cold during nighttime. SpO2 (blood oxygen saturation) and heart rate recorded during training did not exceed normal values. SpCO (blood carbon monoxide saturation) generally was within normal limits. All participating crewmembers lost some bodyweight, from 0.15.5 kg (average 2.1 kg). Over the course of winter survival training there were 32 medical and environmental events requiring medical intervention. For two of the crewmembers requiring medical intervention, training was subsequently canceled.DISCUSSION: Winter survival training has successfully prepared spaceflight crews for the possibility of off-nominal landings in challenging terrain under adverse conditions. As this training involves high fidelity flight-like survival equipment and assigned flight crewmembers, the medical problems described here should closely reflect type and prevalence of events during an actual contingency scenario.Kireev KS, Grishin AP, Dowell GL. Medical issues associated with winter survival training. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2021; 92(8):676680.


Assuntos
Astronautas , Voo Espacial , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Astronave
9.
Chin J Physiol ; 64(4): 177-185, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472448

RESUMO

Heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiorespiratory phase synchronization (CRPS) were employed to study the cardio- and respiratory interactions in patients with asthma receiving inhalation of beta2-agonist (Berotec 200 mcg) for routine bronchodilator test. Both time- and frequency-domain parameters were used to analyze the HRV. A weighted G-index was introduced to study the quality of the CRPS. The HRV parameters, in both the time and frequency domains, exhibited significant changes pointing to a sympathetic activation of the autonomic balance immediately after the inhalation. On the other hand, the CRPS index barely changed throughout the entire process. This indicates that inhalation of beta2-agonist does not alter the CRPS appreciably, and that the CRPS, in contrast to HRV, is relatively stable in response to the inhalation of beta2-agonist in patients with asthma.


Assuntos
Asma , Broncodilatadores , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Broncodilatadores/farmacologia , Broncodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Coração , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos
10.
Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J ; 21(3): 394-402, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522404

RESUMO

Objectives: Disturbed sleep patterns might alter the autonomic tone and lead to various cardiovascular morbidities. This study aimed to determine sleep patterns (quality, duration, efficiency and daytime sleepiness) and explore their association with blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) in apparently healthy, young Saudi females. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia between March 2019 and December 2019. Self-reported Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale questionnaires were used to collect data. In addition, the participants' BP and HRV was measured. Based on the cut-off values of sleep quality, duration, efficiency and daytime sleepiness scores, participants were categorised into groups. HRV and BP were compared between the groups by a t-test/one-way ANOVA. Results: A total of 98 participants were included in this study (response rate: 72.6%). Poor sleep patterns (quality, duration and efficiency) were observed, but no association was found with BP and HRV parameters among groups with different sleep quality, duration and efficiency. Systolic BP was significantly increased in the moderate to severe daytime sleepiness group (P = 0.039). Dozing off as a passenger in a car, in the afternoon and after lunch were negatively correlated with HRV parameters (P <0.05). Conclusion: Sleep quality, duration and efficiency were not found to be statistically significant, but various dozing-off situations were associated with fluctuations in HRV parameters. Daytime sleepiness may augment sympathetic responses in apparently healthy female participants.


Assuntos
Sono , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
11.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 45(4): 442-445, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363375

RESUMO

The square waves and pulses with obvious porter characteristics are inserted into each different adjacent existing dynamic electrocardiogram data to solve the time-consuming problem in the currently used manual input verification method. The standard database files are converted into analog siginals, then output automatically to the ECG acquisition device according to the sequence of the database files in one time. The data recorded in the acquisition equipment is separated according to the interval data protocol, so as to achieve the purpose of rapid digital examination of dynamic electrocardiogram.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos
12.
Georgian Med News ; (315): 78-85, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365430

RESUMO

The leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world is ischemic heart disease. Physical activity is a major approach in prevention and therapy of cardiac diseases. Self-heart-rate-monitoring in daily life is an important point for health awareness of cardiac patients. Aim of this study was validation of measurement accuracy of seven different devices against ECG-monitoring during cardiac rehabilitation training on a bicycle ergometer. Tested devices were: Garmin Forerunner 35 (Garmin), Mio Fuse (Mio), Fitbit Charge HR (FitbitHR), Fitbit Surge (FitbitS), Withings Pulse™ Ox (Withings), Apple Watch Series 1 (Apple) and Pearl Fitness-Tracker (FBT-50.HR PRO.V4). All devices were tested on 35 participants with six timed measurements during 20 minutes constant load bicycle ergometer workout for each. Simultaneousely, ECG measurements were recorded. Pearson´s correlations were assessed. Apple, Mio, and Garmin showed excellent accuracy with close correlation to ECG for self-monitoring of heart rate (HR) during cycling. FitbitHR, Pearl and FitbitS presented reasonable results. In contrast, Withings showed poor correlation to ECG with significant differences. We found significant differences between the tested devices. Since accuracy is of major importance for cardiac patients, only Apple, Mio and Garmin could be recommended. However, further research within distinct clinical and non-clinical settings is necessary and should take different types of physical activities into account.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Eletrocardiografia , Exercício Físico , Monitores de Aptidão Física , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360435

RESUMO

Human performance optimization of tactical personnel requires accurate, meticulous, and effective monitoring of biological adaptations and systemic recovery. Due to an increased understanding of its importance and the commercial availability of assessment tools, the use of heart rate variability (HRV) to address this need is becoming more common in the tactical community. Measuring HRV is a non-invasive, practical method for objectively assessing a performer's readiness, workload, and recovery status; when combined with additional data sources and practitioner input, it provides an affordable and scalable solution for gaining actionable information to support the facilitation and maintenance of operational performance. This narrative review discusses the non-clinical use of HRV for assessing, monitoring, and interpreting autonomic nervous system resource availability, modulation, effectiveness, and efficiency in tactical populations. Broadly, HRV metrics represent a complex series of interactions resulting from internal and external stimuli; therefore, a general overview of HRV applications in tactical personnel is discussed, including the influence of occupational specific demands, interactions between cognitive and physical domains, and recommendations on implementing HRV for training and recovery insights into critical health and performance outcomes.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Carga de Trabalho , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica
14.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 208: 106280, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: while traditional sleep staging is achieved through the visual - expert-based - annotation of a polysomnography, it has the disadvantages of being unpractical and expensive. Alternatives have been developed over the years to relieve sleep staging from its heavy requirements, through the collection of more easily assessable signals and its automation using machine learning. However, these alternatives have their limitations, some due to variabilities among and between subjects, other inherent to their use of sub-discriminative signals. Many new solutions rely on the evaluation of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) activation through the assessment of the heart-rate (HR); the latter is modulated by the aforementioned variabilities, which may result in data and concept shifts between what was learned and what we want to classify. Such adversary effects are usually tackled by Transfer Learning, dealing with problems where there are differences between what is known (source) and what we want to classify (target). In this paper, we propose two new kernel-based methods of transfer learning and assess their performances in Rapid-Eye-Movement (REM) sleep stage detection, using solely the heart rate. METHODS: our first contribution is the introduction of Kernel-Cross Alignment (KCA), a measure of similarity between a source and a target, which is a direct extension of Kernel-Target Alignment (KTA). To our knowledge, KCA has currently never been studied in the literature. Our second contribution is two alignment-based methods of transfer learning: Kernel-Target Alignment Transfer Learning (KTATL) and Kernel-Cross Alignment Transfer Learning (KCATL). Both methods differ from KTA, whose traditional use is kernel-tuning: in our methods, the kernel has been fixed beforehand, and our objective is the improvement of the estimation of unknown target labels by taking into account how observations relate to each other, which, as it will be explained, allows to transfer knowledge (transfer learning). RESULTS: we compare performances with transfer learning (KCATL, KTATL) to performances without transfer using a fixed classifier (a Support Vector Classifier - SVC). In most cases, both transfer learning methods result in an improvement of performances (higher detection rates for a fixed false-alarm rate). Our methods do not require iterative computations. CONCLUSION: we observe improved performances using our transfer methods, which are computationally efficient, as they only require the computation of a kernel matrix and are non-iterative. However, some optimisation aspects are still under investigation.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Fases do Sono , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Polissonografia
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(8)2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353826

RESUMO

Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a common condition of orthostatic intolerance in response to changes in position. We report a case of a middle-aged woman presenting with a new onset of POTS likely due to chemotherapy for treatment of breast cancer. She was started on a trial of a beta blocker, which was effective in controlling her symptoms and heart rate. The objective of this report was to encourage clinicians to consider POTS as a differential diagnosis, while managing patients with symptoms of orthostatic intolerance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Síndrome da Taquicardia Postural Ortostática , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome da Taquicardia Postural Ortostática/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome da Taquicardia Postural Ortostática/diagnóstico , Síndrome da Taquicardia Postural Ortostática/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Kardiologiia ; 61(7): 4-13, 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Russo, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397336

RESUMO

Aim    Optimal combination therapy for chronic heart failure (CHF) currently implies the mandatory use of at least four classes of drugs: renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAAS) system inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blocker neprilysin inhibitors (ARNI); beta-adrenoblockers (BAB); mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists; and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. Furthermore, many of these drugs are able to decrease blood pressure even to hypotension and alleviate tachycardia. This study focused on the relationship of 24-h blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) with the prognosis for CHF patients with sinus rhythm and left ventricular ejection fraction (LV EF) <50 % as well as on suggesting possible variants of safe therapy for CHF depending on the combination of studied factors.Material and methods    Effects of clinical data, echocardiographic parameters, 24-h BP, and heart rhythm (data from 24-h BP and ECG monitors) on the prognosis of 155 patients with clinically pronounced CHF, LV EF <50 %, and sinus rhythm who were followed up for 5 years after discharge from the hospital.Results    The one-factor analysis showed that the prognosis of CHF patients was statistically significantly influenced by the more severe functional class (FC) III CHF compared to FC II, reduced LV EF (<35 %), a lower 24-h systolic BP (SBP) (<103 mm Hg), the absence of hypotensive episodes in daytime, a low variability of nighttime BP (<7.5 mm Hg), a higher 24-h HR (>71 bpm vs. <60 bpm), the absence of therapy with RAAS inhibitors + BAB, and a lower body weight index. The multi-factor analysis showed that more severe CHF FC, lower LV EF, and the absence of RAAS inhibitors + BAB therapy retained the influence on the prognosis. After eliminating the influencing factor of drug therapy, also a low SBP variability significantly influenced the prognosis. An additional analysis determined the following four groups of CHF patients with reduced heart systolic function according to mean 24-h HR and SBP: the largest group (38.1 % of all patients) with controlled HR (≤69 bpm), preserved SBP (>103 mm Hg), and the lowest death rate of 15.3 %; the group with increased HR (>69 bpm) but preserved SBP (30.3 % of all patients) where the death rate was 44.7 %, which was significantly higher than in the first group; the group with normal HR (≤69 bpm) but reduced SBP (≤103 mm Hg) (16.1 % of patients) where the death rate was 40 %, which was comparable with the second group and significantly worse than in the first group; and the group with both increased HR (>69 bpm) and reduced SBP (≤103 mm Hg) (15.5 % of patients), which resulted in the maximal risk of death (70.8 % of patients with CHF and LV EF <50 %), which was significantly higher than in the three other groups.Conclusion    Low SBP (including 24-h SBP with reduced variability in day- and nighttime) in combination with high HR (including by data of Holter monitoring), low LV EF, more severe clinical course of CHF, and the absence of an adequate treatment with neurohormonal modulators (RAAS inhibitors and BAB) significantly increased the risk of death. Isolating four types of FC II-III CHF with sinus rhythm and EF <50% based on the combination of HR and BP identifies patients with an unfavorable prognosis, which will help developing differentiated therapeutic approaches taking into account clinical features.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Pressão Sanguínea , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Prognóstico , Volume Sistólico
17.
J Strength Cond Res ; 35(8): 2165-2169, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398076

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Rider, BC, Conger, SA, Ditzenberger, GL, Besteman, SS, Bouret, CM, and Coughlin, AM. Examining the accuracy of the Polar A360 monitor. J Strength Cond Res 35(8): 2165-2169, 2021-The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of the Polar A360 heart rate (HR) monitor during periods of rest, walking/running, and active/passive recovery from exercise. Thirty collegiate athletes (women n = 15 and men n = 15) wore an A360 monitor and a previously validated chest HR monitor (Polar RS400) that served as the criterion measurement across a range of resting and walking/running intensities. First, subjects rested in a supine, seated, and standing position. Next, each subject walked on a treadmill at 1.6 kilometers per hour (kph). Speed was increased by 1.6 kph every 2 minutes until volitional fatigue. Then, subjects walked at 4.8 kph followed by a seated recovery stage. Heart rate was recorded in 30-second increments. Total mean difference in HR readings, percent accuracy, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) analysis established the level of agreement between devices. Bland-Altman plots and a regression were used to examine the agreement between devices. The A360 demonstrated a strong correlation with the RS400 (r2 = 0.98) across time points. The analysis of variance with repeated measures indicated an overall significant difference (p < 0.001) between devices. The A360 significantly underestimated HR during the 6.4-kph speed only (p < 0.05) (effect size 0.26). The greatest percent accuracy occurred during rest (91%) and recovery (90%). An ICC of 0.98 (SEM: 0.35) demonstrates a strong level of agreement between devices. The A360 is accurate at rest and during various walking and running speeds and thus is a device that can be used with confidence by athletes for specific training purposes. Future research should examine accuracy during weight training and other sport-specific activities.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Caminhada , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Monitores de Aptidão Física , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Monitorização Fisiológica
18.
Glob Heart ; 16(1): 47, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381669

RESUMO

Background: The implications of city lockdown on vital signs during the COVID-19 outbreak are unknown. Objective: We longitudinally tracked vital signs using data from wearable sensors and determined associations with anxiety and depression. Methods: We selected all participants in the HUAWEI Heart Study from Wuhan and four nearby large provincial capital cities (Guangzhou, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Zhengzhou) and extracted all data from 26 December 2019 (one month before city lockdown) to 21 February 2020. Sleep duration and quality, daily steps, oxygen saturation and heart rate were collected on a daily basis. We compared the vital signs before and after the lockdown using segmented regression analysis of the interrupted time series. The depression and anxiety cases were defined as scores ≥8 on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression and anxiety subscales [HADS-D and HADS-A] in 727 participants who finished the survey. Results: We included 19,960 participants (mean age 36 yrs, 90% men). Compared with pre-lockdown, resting heart rate dropped immediately by 1.1 bpm after city lockdown (95% confidence interval [CI]: -1.8, -0.4). Sleep duration increased by 0.5 hour (95% CI: 0.3, 0.8) but deep sleep ratio decreased by 0.9% (95% CI: -1.2, -0.6). Daily steps decreased by 3352 steps (95% CI: -4333, -2370). Anxiety and depression existed in 26% and 17% among 727 available participants, respectively, and associated with longer sleep duration (0.2 and 0.1 hour, both p < 0.001). Conclusions: Lockdown of Wuhan in China was associated with an adverse vital signs profile (reduced physical activity, heart rate, and sleep quality, but increased sleep duration). Wearable devices in combination with mobile-based apps may be useful to monitor both physical and mental health. Clinical trial registration: The trial is registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR) website (ChiCTR-OOC-17014138).


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Exercício Físico , Frequência Cardíaca , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Política Pública , Sono , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oximetria , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Sinais Vitais , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 27: 169-175, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine effects of lymphatic drainage therapy (LDT) on autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses by comparing including Hoffmann reflex (H reflex), heart rate variability (HRV), salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) and muscle tone (via straight leg raise (SLR)) in healthy participants. METHODS: A single blind randomized controlled trial evaluating sixty-six healthy participants including 58 females and 8 males aged between 40 and 65 years. All participants were blinded and randomized to either experimental group (EXP: LDT) or control group (CT: rest). LDT was applied to participants 45 min in experimental group. The LDT is light movement applied by an experienced physical therapist, starting from neck, deep abdomen, and along to the leg. While for the control group, participants received 45 min supine on the treatment table. Tests for evaluating ANS such as Hoffmann reflex (H reflex), heart rate variability (HRV), salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) and straight leg raise (SLR) were assessed at pre and post intervention. RESULTS: The findings demonstrated that H reflex decreased significantly after applying LDT; within and between groups (p < 0.05). Whereas, it increased significantly in control group. First tension (R1) indicated by participants during SLR significantly improved within both groups. However, there were no significant differences of HRV and sAA in either LDT or control groups. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that LDT decreased autonomic activity via decreased spinal reflex excitability and tension in healthy participants.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego
20.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 27: 535-542, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391283

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is controversy about the repercussions of high speed-low amplitude thrust (HVLAT) manipulation in the thoracic region on the autonomic nervous system. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate effects of the HVLAT in the high thoracic region on the heart rate autonomic modulation of judo athletes. METHODS: In the experimental study, thirty-eight healthy men divided into 2 groups (Judo athletes and non-athletes) having heart rate variability (HRV) collected beat-to-beat using a cardio-pacemater during all stages of the manipulation: i) rest, ii) time 1 (participant positioning), iii) time 2 (positioning of the participant together with the therapist), iv) HVLAT manipulation, v) post 5min, vi) post 10min and vii) post 15min HVLAT. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), breath frequency (BF), and HRV were also analyzed. RESULTS: A higher sympathetic modulation was observed with an increase in the standard deviation of successive normal R-R intervals (SDNN) and SD2 indices representing the total variability, however, there was no significant statistical difference in the root mean square of the mean squared differences (RMSSD), percentual of interval differences of successive NN intervals greater than 50 ms (pNN50), and SD1 variables, which represent the parasympathetic nervous system. CONCLUSION: HVLAT manipulation was able to decrease HRV during manipulation, reflecting sympathetic hyperactivity. However, the return of the HRV indices to the baseline conditions in the first minutes of recovery in Judo athletes and non-athletes reflected the safety of the application of the manipulation in these conditions studied.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Artes Marciais , Atletas , Pressão Sanguínea , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino
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