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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5375-5380, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Matrix metalloproteinases-11 (MMP-11) overexpression has been reported in various types of cancer including lung cancer. We aimed to examine the contribution of MMP-11 genotypes to lung cancer risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, the MMP-11 rs738791, rs2267029, rs738792 and rs28382575 genotypes were determined among 358 lung cancer patients and 716 age- and gender-matched healthy control Taiwanese. RESULTS: The percentages of rs738791 CT and TT were 50.6% and 9.2% in the case group, slightly higher than 48.5% and 8.1% in the control group (p for trend=0.5638). The allelic analysis showed that the rs738791 T allele did not confer lung cancer risk compared with the C allele. Similarly, there was no association between rs2267029, rs738792 or rs28382575 and lung cancer risk. There was no joint effect of MMP-11 genotypes among ever smokers or non-smokers. CONCLUSION: The genotypes of MMP-11 play a minor role in determining lung cancer risk in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Metaloproteinase 11 da Matriz/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5525-5530, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) has been genetically associated with an increased expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), an important factor of the renin-angiotensin system which produces vasoconstrictor angiotensin II. Other factors of this system include angiotensinogen (AGT) and angiotensin receptors AGTR1, AGTR2. We investigated the possible association of BCC with genetic variability in the AGT, AGTR1 and AGTR2 genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DNA samples of 190 Greeks were studied, including 91 patients with BCC and 99 matched healthy controls. Molecular genotyping of patients and controls was performed for the polymorphisms AGT M235T, AGTR1 A1166C and AGTR2 G1675A. RESULTS: The mutant T allele that increases AGT gene expression was detected in two-fold increased frequency in BCC patients in comparison to healthy controls (p <0.001). On the contrary, no significant difference was observed in AGTR1 and AGTR2 variants between patients and controls. CONCLUSION: Increased expression of AGT may be associated with BCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Angiotensinogênio/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/genética , Receptor Tipo 2 de Angiotensina/genética
3.
Brain Nerve ; 71(10): 1071-1079, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588051

RESUMO

Next generation sequencing (NGS) technology has dramatically influenced the field of omics studies, such as genomics and transcriptomics. It is now possible to access a significant number of previously known and novel genomic variants through NGS. Although the effective manipulation and accurate interpretation of the inordinate amount of data may pose a considerable challenge, it enables us to identify specific genes responsible for causing or influencing the susceptibility to a plethora of diseases. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common etiology of dementia in the elderly (approximately 60-70%). The current research trend of AD genetics focuses on the analysis of rare variants (allelic frequency <1%) instead of common variants (allelic frequency >1%) to identify AD-associated genes/variants. A number of genes (such as TREM2, ABCA7, SORL1) that carry rare pathogenic variants have reportedly conferred susceptibility to AD with stronger genetic risk effects (odds ratio >2.0). Here, we are going to introduce a small part of the latest many attractive findings about AD genetic researches.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Alelos , Frequência do Gene , Testes Genéticos , Genômica , Humanos , Proteínas Relacionadas a Receptor de LDL/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/genética
4.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(4): 448-454, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532156

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To analyze the genetic phenotypes of Y-chromosome STR and SNP in Han male population of Wujiang area, Suzhou City and explore the genetic structure of population of Wujiang area for further examination of regional-specific Y-SNP genetic markers ancestor haplogroups. Methods Blood samples of 472 Wujiang area Han males were randomly collected and genotyped by YfilerTM Plus PCR Amplification Kit. The allele frequencies and haplotype frequencies of each locus were obtained using the direct calculation method. Y-SNP haplogroups of each sample were estimated using Y-Predictor software and verified through experiments by amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR). Results A total of 453 haplotypes were found in the 27 Y-STR genetic markers in 472 Han males of Wujiang area. The haplotype diversity (HD) was 0.997 696 93, among which, the highest gene diversity (GD) value was DYF387S1a/b (GD=0.953 1) and the lowest was DYS438 (GD=0.321 8). Based on genotyping data of 27 Y-STRs and 472 samples, 132 haplogroups from C, D, N, O and Q, etc downstream Y-SNP haplogroups were estimated and then verified through experiments. Conclusion This study is based on Y-chromosome STR haplotypes, and predicts Y-SNP haplogroups by Y-Predictor software, then uses ARMS-PCR to verify. Y-SNP genetic markers were introduced to achieve precise analysis of the genetic structure of male families in population of three towns in Wujiang area.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Y/genética , Genética Populacional , China , Cidades , Frequência do Gene , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
5.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(7): 43-48, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559768

RESUMO

Aim: To delineate the genetic differences in polymorphism of the APOE and D2S439 marker genes for patients with and without rheumatoid arthritis and to study the distribution frequency of the prevalent alleles of these genes in clinically defined sub groups of patients/controls of Indian origin, specifically and their correlation with severity of disease using DAS score. Material and Methods: This is a case control study where peripheral blood samples 160 cases and 150 controls were collected. Results: We evaluated the association of the tetra nucleotide repeat microsatellite marker D2S439 lying at 231.27cM position on the q arm of chromosome-2. The alleles of this marker ranged in size from 163bp-203bp in PCR product length corresponding to 5-15 (CTAT)n tetra repeats. The allele frequencies for this marker in the North Indian population are different from the CEPH populations. The longer alleles, >199bp (=14 or 15 CTAT repeats) were not observed. The genotypes after bimodal distribution differ significantly among cases and controls (p=0.003). Statistically significant difference was seen between cases and controls for ≥(CTAT) 10 longer allele which was more prevalent in the adult RA cases than in controls. Severity of RA was defined by a DAS28 score of >6 on a scale of ten. No significant association was seen with the APOE polymorphism and disease severity. Conclusion: The long allele of D2S439 marker representing an expansion of the CTAT, tetranucleotide repeat doubles an individual's the risk for developing RA.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Artrite Reumatoide , Repetições de Microssatélites , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4767-4773, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Rs3824129 is a functional six-nucleotide insertion(I)/deletion(D) polymorphism in the promoter region of caspase 8, an essential apoptosis gene. We aimed to examine the association of this polymorphism with the risk of bladder cancer in the Taiwanese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes were determined and their associations with bladder cancer risk were evaluated among 375 patients and 375 controls by the PCR-RFLP methodology. In addition, the interaction of caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes with personal behaviors and clinicopathological features were examined. RESULTS: The frequencies of II, ID and DD genotypes for caspase-8 rs3834129 were non-differentially distributed between the two groups (p for trend=0.7187). Analysis of allelic frequency distribution also indicated that the D variant allele was not associated with a risk of bladder cancer. There was no obvious joint interaction between caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes and smoking, alcohol consumption, and clinical stage and grade. CONCLUSION: Caspase-8 rs3834129 genotypes play a minor role in the personal susceptibility to bladder cancer in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Caspase 8/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Taiwan , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
7.
Hum Genet ; 138(10): 1183-1200, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471722

RESUMO

The glutamate pyruvate transaminase 2 (GPT2) gene produces a nuclear-encoded mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the reversible transfer of an amino group from glutamate to pyruvate, generating alanine and alpha-ketoglutarate. Recessive mutations in GPT2 have been recently identified in a new syndrome involving intellectual and developmental disability (IDD), postnatal microcephaly, and spastic paraplegia. We have identified additional families with recessive GPT2 mutations and expanded the phenotype to include small stature. GPT2 loss-of-function mutations were identified in four families, nine patients total, including: a homozygous mutation in one child [c.775T>C (p.C259R)]; compound heterozygous mutations in two siblings [c.812A>C (p.N271T)/c.1432_1433delGT (p.V478Rfs*73)]; a novel homozygous, putative splicing mutation [c.1035C>T (p.G345=)]; and finally, a recurrent mutation, previously identified in a distinct family [c.1210C>T (p.R404*)]. All patients were diagnosed with IDD. A majority of patients had remarkably small stature throughout development, many < 1st percentile for height and weight. Given the potential biological function of GPT2 in cellular growth, this phenotype is strongly suggestive of a newly identified clinical susceptibility. Further, homozygous GPT2 mutations manifested in at least 2 of 176 families with IDD (approximately 1.1%) in a Pakistani cohort, thereby representing a relatively common cause of recessive IDD in this population, with recurrence of the p.R404* mutation in this population. Based on variants in the ExAC database, we estimated that approximately 1 in 248 individuals are carriers of moderately or severely deleterious variants in GPT2.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Genes Recessivos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Fenótipo , Transaminases/genética , Adolescente , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática , Éxons , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genética Populacional , Genótipo , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Linhagem , Conformação Proteica , Sítios de Splice de RNA , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Transaminases/química , Transaminases/metabolismo
8.
Gene ; 720: 144078, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473321

RESUMO

Short tandem repeats (STRs) are a widely utilized tool in forensic applications, the latter of which range from human identification and paternity testing to population analysis. The GlobalFiler STR loci, which includes 21 autosomal STRS, were analyzed in the Chechen subpopulation of Jordan. Whole blood samples were withdrawn from 159 Jordanian Chechen individuals, and genomic DNA was extracted from each sample. The GlobalFiler™ kit PCR Amplification Kit amplified and analyzed the STR loci on the 3130xl Genetic Analyzer using GeneMapper ID-X software. The combined match probability for the 21 autosomal STR loci was calculated to be 1.06 × 10-24, a number that is highly discriminatory and informative. The SE33 (0.983) and TPOX (0.806) loci exhibited the highest and lowest powers of discrimination, respectively. Conclusively, the current study indicates that the GlobalFiler loci have a high utility in the Jordanian Chechen population, possibly paving the way for the future establishment of a reference population database in Jordan.


Assuntos
DNA/análise , DNA/genética , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Genética Forense/estatística & dados numéricos , Genética Populacional , Repetições de Microssatélites , Polimorfismo Genético , Impressões Digitais de DNA , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Loci Gênicos , Humanos , Masculino
9.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(8): 789-795, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416504

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the association of interleukin-10 (IL-10) -1082A/G, -819C/T, and -592C/A polymorphisms with IL-10 level and the severity of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection in children. METHODS: A total of 137 children with hand-foot-mouth disease due to EV71 infection were enrolled as EV71 infection group, which was further divided into mild group with 91 children and severe group with 46 children, and 122 healthy children who underwent physical examination were enrolled as healthy control group. Related clinical data were collected. ELISA was used to measure the serum level of IL-10, and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used to analyze IL-10 -1082A/G, -819C/T and -592C/A polymorphisms. RESULTS: Compared with the healthy control group, the children with EV71 infection had significantly higher frequency of -1082 AA genotype and A allele (P<0.05). Among the children with EV71 infection, the severe group had significantly higher frequency of -1082 AA genotype and A allele than the mild group (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the distribution of IL-10 -819C/T and IL-10 -592C/A polymorphisms between the two groups (P>0.05). The severe group had a significantly higher serum level of IL-10 than the mild group and the healthy control group. IL-10 -1082 AA genotype, -819 TT genotype, and -592 AA genotype were associated with the low expression of IL-10 (P<0.05). As for haplotype, the EV71 infection group had a significantly lower frequency of GCC haplotype than the healthy control group (P<0.05). In the severe group, the children with ATA haplotype had a significantly lower IL-10 level than those with other haplotypes, and the children with GCC haplotype had a significantly higher IL-10 level than those with other haplotypes (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in IL-10 level between children with different haplotypes in the mild group and the healthy control group (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: IL-10 gene polymorphisms are associated with IL-10 expression and the severity of EV71 infection in children.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A , Infecções por Enterovirus , Interleucina-10/genética , Criança , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
10.
Tumour Biol ; 41(8): 1010428319869096, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405342

RESUMO

Variable association of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFß1) in breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis was documented, and the contribution of specific TGFB1 polymorphisms to the progression of BC and associated features remains poorly understood. We investigated the contribution of TGFB1 rs1800469, rs1800470, rs1800471, and rs1800472 variants and 4-locus TGFB1 haplotypes on BC susceptibility, and pathological presentation of BC subtypes. Study subjects comprised 430 female BC cases, and 498 cancer-free control women. BC-associated pathological parameters were also evaluated for correlation with TGFB1 variants. Results obtained showed that the minor allele frequency (MAF) of rs1800471 (+74G>C) was higher seen in BC cases than in control subjects, and was associated with increased risk of BC. Significant differences in rs1800471 and rs1800469 (-509C>T) genotype distribution were noted between BC cases and controls, which persisted after controlling for key covariates. TGFB1 rs1800472 was positively, while rs1800470 was negatively associated with triple negativity, while rs1800470 positively correlated with menarche, but negatively with tumor size and molecular type, and rs1800469 correlated positively with menstrual irregularity, distant metastasis, nodal status, and hormonotherapy. Heterogeneity in LD pattern was noted between the tested TGFB1 variants. Four-locus (rs1800472-rs1800471-rs1800470-rs1800469) Haploview analysis identified haplotype TGCT to be negatively associated, and haplotypes CGTT and CCCC to be positively associated with BC. This association of CGTT and CCCC, but not TGCT, with BC remained significant after controlling for key covariates. In conclusion, TGFB1 alleles and specific genotypes, and 4-locus TGFB1 haplotypes influence BC susceptibility, suggesting dual association imparted by specific SNP, consistent with dual role for TGFB1 in BC pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Haplótipos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Alelos , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tunísia
11.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 63(4): 402-410, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365628

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The increased prevalence of obesity and associated comorbidities, such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, has gained attention worldwide, and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been pointed out as a possible link. Thus, the present study aimed to verify the possible association between angiotensinogen (AGT) or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphisms with overweight and obesity in adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The present investigation was a population-based cross-sectional study including 1,567 individuals from an urban area in Brazil. Anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters were evaluated, and all individuals were genotyped for the ACE I/D and AGT M/T polymorphisms. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight was higher among men, whereas obesity was more prevalent among women. However, the frequency of ACE or AGT polymorphisms was similar among body mass index (BMI) categories. In addition, the mean age-adjusted BMI averages did not change significantly for ACE or AGT polymorphisms, regardless of sex or BMI category. The age-adjusted BMI average for the combination of ACE and AGT genotypes evidenced no significant differences regardless of sex or BMI categories. Results were similar when BMI was replaced by waist circumference (WC). CONCLUSIONS: We were not able to find any associations between BMI and WC (overweight/obesity) and ACE and AGT polymorphisms, indicating that the RAS system might not be involved in overweight and obesity, at least based on genetic backgrounds. However, further studies must measure RAS components to elucidate this question.


Assuntos
Obesidade/genética , Sobrepeso/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/genética , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Angiotensinogênio/genética , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Distribuição por Sexo , Circunferência da Cintura
12.
Exp Parasitol ; 205: 107734, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394093

RESUMO

Parasitism by Haemonchus contortus is one of the main limiting factors in small ruminant production around the globe. Although several studies suggest the use of integrated management practices, these parasites have been controlled essentially with synthetic anthelmintic drugs. The resistance mechanism against the imidazothiazole derivative levamisole in Haemonchus contortus has not been fully described. Recently, resistance was associated with a 63bp deletion in the Hco-acr-8b gene that encodes a subunit for a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. This study aimed to standardize a real time PCR (qPCR) protocol for levamisole resistance diagnosis in H. contortus populations based on this polymorphism and use it to characterize 23 field H. contortus populations obtained from different localities of Ceará State, Northeast Brazil. In addition, two populations of H. contortus were used as a standard of susceptibility and resistance, Inbred Strain Edinburgh (ISE) and Kokstad, respectively. Larval development tests (LDT) were performed on five field isolates and both EC50 and EC95 were estimated. LDT EC95 values provided a wider interval between susceptible and resistant populations than EC50 values (EC95 = 1.96-57.93 µM; EC50 = 0.05-0.39 µM), and were found to be more appropriate for differentiating them. Real time PCR results showed resistance allele frequencies ranged from 20.9 to 76.7%. Our results suggest that levamisole resistance may be present in field populations but it is not as widespread as benzimidazole resistance. This methodology may be useful to monitor levamisole resistance in field populations of H. contortus.


Assuntos
Antinematódeos/farmacologia , Resistência a Medicamentos/genética , Haemonchus/efeitos dos fármacos , Levamisol/farmacologia , Animais , Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , DNA de Helmintos/isolamento & purificação , Fezes/parasitologia , Frequência do Gene/genética , Hemoncose/tratamento farmacológico , Hemoncose/parasitologia , Hemoncose/veterinária , Haemonchus/genética , Haemonchus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Junção Neuromuscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Junção Neuromuscular/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/veterinária , Receptores Colinérgicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Nicotínicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária , Ovinos , Doenças dos Ovinos/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças dos Ovinos/parasitologia , Tetramizol/farmacologia
13.
Hum Genet ; 138(10): 1171-1182, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367973

RESUMO

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the world. While dozens of independent genomic variants are associated with AMD, about one-third of AMD heritability is still unexplained. To identify novel variants and loci for AMD, we analyzed Illumina HumanExome chip data from 87 Amish individuals with early or late AMD, 79 unaffected Amish individuals, and 15 related Amish individuals with unknown AMD affection status. We retained 37,428 polymorphic autosomal variants across 175 samples for association and linkage analyses. After correcting for multiple testing (n = 37,428), we identified four variants significantly associated with AMD: rs200437673 (LCN9, p = 1.50 × 10-11), rs151214675 (RTEL1, p = 3.18 × 10-8), rs140250387 (DLGAP1, p = 4.49 × 10-7), and rs115333865 (CGRRF1, p = 1.05 × 10-6). These variants have not been previously associated with AMD and are not in linkage disequilibrium with the 52 known AMD-associated variants reported by the International AMD Genomics Consortium based on physical distance. Genome-wide significant linkage peaks were observed on chromosomes 8q21.11-q21.13 (maximum recessive HLOD = 4.03) and 18q21.2-21.32 (maximum dominant HLOD = 3.87; maximum recessive HLOD = 4.27). These loci do not overlap with loci previously linked to AMD. Through gene ontology enrichment analysis with ClueGO in Cytoscape, we determined that several genes in the 1-HLOD support interval of the chromosome 8 locus are involved in fatty acid binding and triglyceride catabolic processes, and the 1-HLOD support interval of the linkage region on chromosome 18 is enriched in genes that participate in serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity and the positive regulation of epithelial to mesenchymal transition. These results nominate novel variants and loci for AMD that require further investigation.


Assuntos
Amish/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Variação Genética , Degeneração Macular/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Ontologia Genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Ligação Genética , Humanos , Indiana , Masculino , Ohio , Linhagem
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16716, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374066

RESUMO

The purposes of the study was to validate the relationship between General transcription factor II-I (GTF2I) genetic variants and kidney involvements of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in a Chinese Han population.Samples from 400 SLE patients and 400 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were collected and genotyped by improved multiplex ligation detection reaction technique. The relationship between gene polymorphism of rs117026326, rs73366469, and susceptibility, progression of SLE were analyzed.The present study provided evidence that rs117026326 and rs73366469 were both associated with SLE susceptibility (both C vs T: P < .001). The analysis of dominant, recessive disease model provided us with further validation (P < .001). Both gene polymorphisms are associated with a triad of disease manifestations among SLE patients. Patients carrying genotype TT of rs117026326 had lower 24-hour urinary total protein (24 hours UTP, g/24 hours), 24-hour urinary protein level (g/L·24 hours), lower frequency of the proteinuria and lupus nephritis (LN). Patients carrying genotype TT at rs73366469 had higher 24-hour urinary protein level, higher frequency of the proteinuria, LN and positive anti-dsDNA than those with other genotypes.This study identified the involvement of GTF2I gene polymorphisms in development of SLE, particularly in renal involvement.


Assuntos
Nefrite Lúpica/genética , Fatores de Transcrição TFII/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , China , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Nefrite Lúpica/urina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteinúria/urina , Adulto Jovem
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(24): 1870-1874, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269582

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of IL-17A (rs2275913) and IL-17F (rs763780) genes and susceptibility to knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in Chinese Han and Tibetan populations. Methods: A case-control study was conducted. Total of 122 Han KOA patients and 124 Han healthy controls and 76 Tibetan KOA patients and 68 Tibetan healthy controls in Qinghai Province were selected between 2015 and 2017. SNP typing was performed on four groups of rs2275913 and rs763780 polymorphisms by polymerease chain reaction (PCR)-sequencing to detect IL-17A and IL-17 F genotype frequencies and allele frequencies. The t test was used to compare data between groups. Results: The genotype AA frequency of IL-17A (rs2275913) was significantly different between the Han KOA and the control group (OR=2.625, P=0.016). Compared with the frequency of allele A in healthy control group, the allele A frequency in Han KOA group was significantly higher(OR=1.445, P=0.047); the genotype frequency of IL-17A,however,was comparable between the KOA and the healthy control in Tibetan population (OR=1.696, 1.355, both P>0.05); there were also not difference in the IL-17F (rs763780) genotype frequency and allele frequency between the Han KOA and Tibetan KOA groups and two control groups,respectively (OR=1.346, 1.126, both P>0.05). Conclusion: It is highly likely that the pathogenesis of KOA in Chinese Han population is positively related to the genotype AA and allele A of IL-17A (rs2275913).


Assuntos
Interleucina-17/genética , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/genética
16.
Gene ; 715: 144011, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An association between Apolipoprotein E (Apo E) alleles and genotypes and diabetic nephropathy (DN) was suggested, but with inconsistent results. We tested the relationship between serum lipids, Apo E alleles and genotypes with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and DN pathogenesis. METHODS: Study subjects comprised 1389 normoglycemic controls, and 1422 T2DM patients, of whom 825 were normoalbuminuric (DWN), and 597 presented with nephropathy (DN). RESULTS: Significantly lower Apo ε2, and higher Apo ε4 allele frequencies was seen among T2DM patients than controls. Significantly higher frequency of ε3/ε4, and lower frequencies of ε3/ε3, ε2/ε3, and ε4/ε4 carriers was seen among T2DM cases. Apo ε2-carrying individuals were more frequently found in controls than in patients, while significantly higher frequency of ε4-carrying genotypes was seen in T2DM cases. Significantly higher ε2, and lower ε3 allele frequencies were noted for DN group compared to DWN group. Significantly higher frequency of ε2-containing ε2/ε3 and ε2/ε4, and lower frequencies of ε3/ε3 carriers was seen among DN cases. Apo ε3/ε3 was associated with higher total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride levels in DN patients, and significantly higher triglyceride levels were seen in ε2/ε3-carrying DN patients. Logistic regression analysis confirmed the association of Apo ε3-containing ε3/ε3, ε2/ε3, and ε3/ε4, and Apo ε2-containing ε2/ε4 with DN, after controlling for key covariates. CONCLUSION: The results of this case-control study provide evidence that the ε2 and ε3 alleles of APOE modify lipid profile, and constitute independent risk factors of DN in type 2 diabetes. The molecular mechanisms underlying this risk is discussed.


Assuntos
Alelos , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Idoso , Apolipoproteínas E/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Nefropatias Diabéticas/sangue , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Fatores de Risco
17.
Genet Sel Evol ; 51(1): 39, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We tested the premise that optimum-contribution selection with pedigree relationships to control inbreeding (POCS) realises at least as much true genetic gain as optimum-contribution selection with genomic relationships (GOCS) at the same rate of true inbreeding. METHODS: We used stochastic simulation to estimate rates of true genetic gain realised by POCS and GOCS at a 0.01 rate of true inbreeding in three breeding schemes with best linear unbiased predictions of breeding values based on pedigree (PBLUP) and genomic (GBLUP) information. The three breeding schemes differed in number of matings and litter size. Selection was for a single trait with a heritability of 0.2. The trait was controlled by 7702 biallelic quantitative-trait loci (QTL) that were distributed across a 30-M genome. The genome contained 54,218 biallelic markers that were used in GOCS and GBLUP. A total of 6012 identity-by-descent loci were placed across the genome in base populations. Unique alleles at these loci were used to calculate rates of true inbreeding. Breeding schemes were run for 10 discrete generations. Selection candidates were genotyped and phenotyped before selection. RESULTS: POCS realised more true genetic gain than GOCS at a 0.01 rate of true inbreeding in all combinations of breeding scheme and prediction method. POCS realised 14 to 33% more true genetic gain than GOCS with PBLUP in the three breeding schemes. It realised 1.5 to 5.7% more true genetic gain than GOCS with GBLUP. CONCLUSIONS: POCS realised more true genetic gain than GOCS because it managed expected genetic drift without restricting selection at QTL. By contrast, GOCS penalised changes in allele frequencies at markers that were generated by genetic drift and selection. Because these marker alleles were in linkage disequilibrium with QTL alleles, GOCS restricted changes in allele frequencies at QTL. This provides little incentive to use GOCS and highlights that we have more to learn before we can control inbreeding using genomic relationships in selective-breeding schemes. Until we can do so, POCS remains a worthy method of optimum-contribution selection because it realises more true genetic gain than GOCS at the same rate of true inbreeding.


Assuntos
Endogamia , Linhagem , Alelos , Animais , Simulação por Computador , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genoma , Masculino , Processos Estocásticos
18.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 197, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312309

RESUMO

Introduction: Just recently, it has been established that the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism is linked to the pathogenesis and to the evolution of human cancers. Therefore, the present study was concerned with the investigation of an eventual association between glioma and I/D polymorphism of the ACE gene. Methods: The expression of ACE gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis in 36 Algerian patients with glioma and 195 healthy controls. Results: In glioma cases, allelic frequencies and genotypes distribution of the ACE I/D polymorphism were different from controls cases. ACE DD genotype were highly presented in glioma cases (63.9%) than controls (33.8%) and conferred 3.64-fold risk for predisposition in glioma cases (vs ID genotype, p<0.001). Recessive model (ACE II + ID genotypes vs DD) was associated with a 72% reduced risk of glioma (OR = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.13-0.60, p <0.001). Per copy D allele frequency was found higher in glioma cases (79.2%) than in controls (63.3 %), OR = 2.20, 95% CI: 1.20 - 4.03, p = 0.009. Conclusion: The obtained data showed that the presence of the D allele might be a risk factor for the development of glioma. Further studies considering different ethnic groups with large samples are required to confirm this finding.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Glioma/genética , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Adulto , Argélia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutagênese Insercional , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo Genético , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Fatores de Risco
19.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(8): 808-813, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335167

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate whether a relationship exists between the C3435T polymorphism of ABCB1 gene and poststroke depression (PSD). A total of 82 PSD patients and 115 nondepression patient (NPSD) controls were included in this study. All patients were evaluated using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression to determine the severity of depression and complete the packet. PSD patients were diagnosed in accordance with the DSM-V criteria. The C3435T polymorphism of ABCB1 was genotyped through fluorescence in situ hybridization and chromosome karyotype analysis system. The PSD (n = 82) and NPSD groups (n = 115) had a total prevalence rate of 41.6%. The prevalence of PSD in men was 58.5%, whereas that in women was 41.5%, and no statistically significant difference existed between the two groups (χ2 = 1.009; p = 0.315). The CC, CT, and TT frequencies of the PSD group were 26.8%, 47.6%, and 25.6%, respectively, whereas those of the NPSD group were 42.6%, 45.2%, and 12.2%, respectively. Based on the CC genotype, the relative risk of homozygous mutant TT was 3.341 (χ2 = 7.869; p = 0.005; OR = 3.341), and the T allele frequency in the PSD group was 49.4% higher than that in the NPSD group. The locus gene frequency was 34.8%, and the relative risk of allele T relative to allele C was 1.830 (χ2 = 8.381; p = 0.004; OR = 1.830). A certain correlation exists between the C3435T gene polymorphism and PSD in the Han population in South Anhui Province, China, and further studies are needed to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Depressão/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
20.
Gene ; 712: 143954, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is the highest cause of mortality among female cancer patients. In some cases, BC is due to Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1 (PARP1) gene dysregulation, which has been involved in various important cellular processes. Among Iranian women, the association between PARP1 polymorphisms and BC was never studied before so in this case-control study, the genetic association of three SNPs (rs1136410, rs907187 and rs4653734) was analyzed with susceptibility to BC. METHODS: The study subjects were 386 Iranian females divided into 186 patients and 200 healthy controls. The genotypes of PARP1 variants were detected using ARMS and a combined ARMS-RFLP PCR method. RESULTS: The results showed that Carriers of CG and GG genotypes of the variant rs4653734 were at higher risk of BC compared with wild-type carriers (CC) and this variant was statistically significant under a recessive model of inheritance. Moreover, rs907187 was related to increased BC risk in the CC and GG genotypes under dominant and recessive models of inheritance. The G allele frequency of rs4653734 and rs907187 was higher in breast cancer patients than in normal subjects. No association was detected between rs1136410 and susceptibility to BC among studied groups. Furthermore, A-G-C haplotype was linked to an increased BC risk, whereas A-C-C and A-C-G haplotypes were related to a decreased risk of BC. In Silico predictions suggested that rs907187 affects E2F and E2F-4 transcription factors binding site. CONCLUSIONS: The current study suggests that rs907187 and rs4653734 have remarkable associations with BC risk among Iranian women.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerase-1/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Biologia Computacional , Ilhas de CpG , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
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