Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.791
Filtrar
1.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(16): e021428, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365798

RESUMO

Background Cardiac dysfunction is a prominent feature of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), yet the etiology is poorly understood. We determined whether dysfunction is global or regional, and whether it is associated with the cytokine milieu, microangiopathy, or severity of shock. Methods and Results We analyzed echocardiographic parameters of myocardial deformation and compared global and segmental left ventricular strain between 43 cases with MIS-C ≤18 years old and 40 controls. Primary outcomes included left ventricular global longitudinal strain, right ventricular free wall strain), and left atrial strain. We evaluated relationships between strain and profiles of 10 proinflammatory cytokines, microangiopathic features (soluble C5b9), and vasoactive-inotropic requirements. Compared with controls, cases with MIS-C had significant impairments in all parameters of systolic and diastolic function. 65% of cases with MIS-C had abnormal left ventricular function (|global longitudinal strain|<17%), although elevations of cytokines were modest. All left ventricular segments were involved, without apical or basal dominance to suggest acute stress cardiomyopathy. Worse global longitudinal strain correlated with higher ratios of interleukin-6 (ρ -0.43) and interleukin-8 (ρ -0.43) to total hypercytokinemia, but not absolute levels of interleukin-6 or interleukin-8, or total hypercytokinemia. Similarly, worse right ventricular free wall strain correlated with higher relative interleukin-8 expression (ρ -0.59). There were no significant associations between function and microangiopathy or vasoactive-inotropic requirements. Conclusions Myocardial function is globally decreased in MIS-C and not explained by acute stress cardiomyopathy. Cardiac dysfunction may be driven by the relative skew of the immune response toward interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 pathways, more so than degree of hyperinflammation, refining the current paradigm of myocardial involvement in MIS-C.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , COVID-19/complicações , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/etiologia , Citocinas/sangue , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/complicações , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Biomarcadores/sangue , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/imunologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/diagnóstico , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/imunologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/imunologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/imunologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(29): e26513, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398006

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: In patients undergoing atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, an enlarged left atrium (LA) is a predictor of procedural failure as well as AF recurrence on long term. The most used method to assess LA size is echocardiography-measured diameter, but the most accurate remains computed tomography (CT).The aim of our study was to determine whether there is an association between left atrial diameters measured in echocardiography and the left atrial volume determined by CT in patients who underwent AF ablation.The study included 93 patients, of whom 60 (64.5%) were men and 64 (68.8%) had paroxysmal AF, who underwent AF catheter ablation between January 2018 and June 2019. Left atrial diameters in echocardiography were measured from the long axis parasternal view and the LA volume in CT was measured on reconstructed three-dimensional images.The LA in echocardiography had an antero-posterior (AP) diameter of 45.0 ±â€Š6 mm (median 45; Inter Quartile Range [IQR] 41-49, range 25-73 mm), longitudinal diameter of 67.5 ±â€Š9.4 (median 66; IQR 56-88, range 52-100 mm), and transversal diameter of 42 ±â€Š8.9 mm (IQR 30-59, range 23-64.5 mm). The volume in CT was 123 ±â€Š29.4 mL (median 118; IQR 103-160; range 86-194 mL). We found a significant correlation (r = 0.702; P < .05) between the AP diameter and the LA volume. The formula according to which the AP diameter of the LA can predict the volume was: LA volume = AP diam3 + 45 mL.There is a clear association between the left atrial AP diameter measured on echocardiography and the volume measured on CT. The AP diameter might be sufficient to determine the increase in the volume of the atrium and predict cardiovascular outcomes.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/classificação , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Função do Átrio Esquerdo/fisiologia , Volume Sanguíneo , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/estatística & dados numéricos , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 67(1): 71-76, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Myocardial speckle-tracking echocardiography can detect subtle abnormalities in the left atrial function. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between left atrial myocardium and tissue function n assessed by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHOD: The study was composed of 80 patients (45 men, 35 women, mean age: 67±15 years) with acute ischemic stroke. The patients were divided into two groups based on the calculated National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score (group 1, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score < 16; group 2, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score ≥ 16). Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data for all patients were collected. Cardiac functions were evaluated using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography within 48 hours from admission to the neurology care unit. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the patients' clinical parameters. Left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2 (59.2±5.6 to 51.4±6.3, p=0.024). Left atrial longitudinal strain was significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2 (34.48±9.73 to 26.27±7.41, p=0.019). There were no significant differences between other echocardiographic parameters. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that left atrial longitudinal strain is associated with stroke severity during admission in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Left atrial longitudinal strain is an indicator of left atrial myocardial function.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
4.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 49(7): 667-673, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that subclinical left atrial (LA) dysfunction can be diagnosed with two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE). Although low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, recent studies have reported a paradoxical relationship between LDL-C level and atrial fibrillation. In this study, we investigated the relationship between LDL-C levels and LA function. METHODS: In 168 patients with the diagnosis of hypertension and diabetes, transthoracic echocardiography with LA 2D-STE was performed. The patients were then divided into two groups: normal LA-strain (n = 94) or impaired LA-strain (n = 74). The relationship between LDL-C and LA function was analyzed. RESULTS: Patients with impaired LA-strain had higher body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.029), higher statin usage (p = 0.003), and lower LDL-C levels (p = 0.001) than patients with normal LA-strain. They also had lower left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) (p = 0.047) and higher E-wave velocity (mitral e, m/s) (p = 0.020). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lower LDL-C (p = 0.034), higher BMI (p = 0.004), lower LVEF (p = 0.004), and higher E-wave velocity (p = 0.003) values were independently associated with impaired LA-strain. The area under the receiver operating curve of LDL-C in predicting impaired LA-strain was 0.645 (0.564-0.730, p < 0.05). LDL-C ≤ 112.5 mg/dl was found to be the optimal cut-off value with 74.5% sensitivity and 51.2% specificity in predicting impaired LA strain. CONCLUSION: In patients with hypertension and diabetes, LDC-C levels are moderately but independently and paradoxically associated with impaired LA function assessed by 2D-STE.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hipertensão , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Colesterol , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico por imagem , Lipoproteínas
5.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(8): 105892, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107415

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Some cardiac abnormalities could be a substrate for potential embolic source in cryptogenic stroke (CS). We evaluated whether cardiac and echocardiographic markers were associated with CS in patients with incidental patent foramen ovale (PFO) as defined using the Risk of Paradoxical Embolism (RoPE) score. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 677 patients enrolled in a multicenter observational CS registry, 300 patients (44%) had PFOs detected by transesophageal echocardiography. They were classified into probable PFO-related stroke (RoPE score>6, n = 32) and stroke with incidental PFO (RoPE score≤6, n = 268) groups, and clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, cardiac and echocardiographic markers (i.e. brain natriuretic peptide, left atrial [LA] diameter, ejection fraction, early transmitral flow velocity/early diastolic tissue Doppler imaging velocity [E/e'], LA appendage flow velocity, spontaneous echo contrast, atrial septal aneurysm, substantial PFO, and aortic arch plaques), stroke recurrence, and excellent outcome (modified Rankin scale score <2) at discharge were compared. Risk factors for low RoPE scores were determined using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Higher brain natriuretic peptide levels (p = 0.032), LA enlargement (p < 0.001), higher E/e' (p = 0.001), lower LA appendage flow velocity (p < 0.001), non-substantial PFO (p = 0.021), and aortic arch plaques (p = 0.002) were associated with the low RoPE score group. Patients with high RoPE scores had excellent outcomes (58% versus 78%, p = 0.035). LA enlargement (age- and sex-adjusted odds ratio, 1.15; 95 % confidence interval, 1.00-1.32; p = 0.039) was an independent predictor of low RoPE scores. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal cardiac substrate could be associated with CS occurrence in a subset of patients with PFO. Patients with CS who had incidental PFO may be at risk of cardioembolism.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Forame Oval Patente/diagnóstico por imagem , Achados Incidentais , AVC Isquêmico/etiologia , Idoso , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Remodelamento Atrial , Regras de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Forame Oval Patente/complicações , Forame Oval Patente/fisiopatologia , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , AVC Isquêmico/fisiopatologia , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(8): 105933, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34157668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate whether N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentration and/or left atrial volume index (LAVI), as atrial cardiopathy biomarkers, were associated with infarct patterns on diffusion-weighted imaging in patients with embolic strokes of undetermined source (ESUS). MATERIALS AND METHOD: We retrospectively evaluated patient with ESUS from our stroke registry between January 2018 and November 2019. Cut-off values for atrial cardiopathy biomarkers were defined as >250 pg/mL for NT-proBNP and >34 mL/m2 for LAVI. Eligible patients were then assigned to 3 groups and infarct patterns were compared according to their atrial cardiopathy markers: Group 1 (no atrial cardiopathy markers), Group 2 (one marker), and Group 3 (both markers). RESULTS: Among 194 eligible patients with ESUS (76 women; mean age, 69.2 years), simultaneous increases of NT-proBNP concentration and LAVI were identified in 39 (20.1%). Group 3 had a significantly larger infarct volume, relative to Group 1 and Group 2 (P=0.043) Multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed that these patients (Group 3) were significantly more likely to have multi-territorial infarcts (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 3.03, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-8.72; P=0.04), a maximal lesion diameter >15mm (aOR: 4.51, 95% CI: 1.70-11.93; P=0.001), and large cortical infarctions (aOR: 4.17, 95% CI: 1.75-9.96; P=0.001). CONCLUSION: We found that simultaneously increased values for NT-proBNP concentration and LAVI were independently associated with multi-territorial and large cortical infarct patterns in patients with ESUS. These findings suggest that NT-proBNP and LAVI may be useful biomarkers for identifying cardioembolic subtypes and guiding treatment selection in patients with ESUS.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Remodelamento Atrial , Infarto Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatias/complicações , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Ecocardiografia , AVC Embólico/diagnóstico por imagem , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infarto Encefálico/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias/sangue , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , AVC Embólico/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Kardiologiia ; 61(5): 65-70, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112077

RESUMO

Objectives    Recent studies demonstrated that elevated adiponectin levels predicted an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke; however, a causal relationship is yet to be unknown. Reduced left atrium (LA) functions detected by two-dimensional echocardiographic speckle tracking (2D-STE) can predict AF development. We aimed to investigate the relationship between adiponectin level and LA functions in hypertensive and diabetic patients at high risk for incident AF.Material and methods    The study consisted of 80 hypertensive diabetic patients. All patients underwent echocardiography, and venous blood samples were taken. The relationship between adiponectin levels and LA functions was analyzed.Results    We divided patients into two groups according to the mean adiponectin level (13.63 ng / ml). In the high adiponectin group, the mean age (p=0.001) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (p=0.015) were higher, whereas estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (p=0.036) and hemoglobin (p=0.014) levels were lower. Although LA maximum volume, LA minimum volume, and LA pre-A volume were higher in the group with high adiponectin levels, they did not reach a statistical significance. Peak early diastolic LA strain (S-LAe) (p=0.048) and strain rate (SR-LAe) (p=0.017) were lower in this group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that age (p=0.003) and hemoglobin (p=0.006) were predictors of elevated adiponectin levels. On the contrary, S-LAe, HDL cholesterol, and eGFR lost their statistical significance.Conclusion    In patients with HT and DM, elevated adiponectin level is associated with impaired LA mechanical functions. Increased age and hemoglobin level are independent predictors of elevated adiponectin levels.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial , Remodelamento Atrial , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos
8.
Am J Cardiol ; 151: 105-113, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049674

RESUMO

Left atrial (LA) enlargement predicts adverse cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of our study was to evaluate the value of LA reservoir strain, a novel measure of LA function, as a prognostic marker for adverse renal outcomes. A total of 280 patients (65.8 ± 12.2years, 63% male) with stable Stage 3 and 4 CKD without prior cardiac history were evaluated with transthoracic echocardiography and prospectively followed for up to 5 years. The primary end point was progressive renal failure, which was the composite of death from renal cause, end-stage renal failure and/or doubling of serum creatinine. Over a mean follow up of 3.9 ± 2.7years, 56 patients reached the composite endpoint. By log rank test, older age, lower baseline eGFR, anemia, diabetes mellitus, higher urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, number of antihypertensive medications, higher indexed left ventricular mass, larger LA volumes, and impaired LA reservoir strain were significant predictors of the composite outcome (p <0.01 for all). Multi-variable Cox regression analysis found LA reservoir strain, eGFR, number of antihypertensive medications and urinary albumin/creatinine ratio were independent predictors for progressive renal failure (p <0.01 for all). Impaired LA reservoir strain was associated with a 2.5-fold higher risk of the composite outcome (HR 2.51, 95% CI 1.19 to 5.30, p = 0.02) and was the only echocardiographic parameter that predicted progressive renal failure independent of established clinical risk factors for end-stage renal failure. Its utility requires validation in high risk CKD patients with cardiac disease.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Falência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Creatinina/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade
9.
Eur J Radiol ; 141: 109756, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34023727

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze differences in systolic and diastolic left ventricular (LV) as well as left atrial (LA) function parameters obtained from identical cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques during inspiratory breath-holding and breathing (breath-hold to breathing differences). METHOD: 56 subjects without signs of heart failure (23/33 male/female, age 58 ±â€¯14 years) underwent 3 T MR cine real-time and transmitral phase contrast imaging with the same spatial and temporal resolution during inspiratory breath-holding and free breathing. LV and LA volumetric function parameters were derived from segmentation of cine series, transmitral peak velocities and early-diastolic myocardial peak velocity from phase contrast series. Corresponding breath-hold and breathing parameters were compared by Bland-Altman analysis; repeatability of breath-hold and breathing measurements was quantified by variance component analysis. p < 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant. RESULTS: Mean differences between results obtained during inspiratory breath-holding vs. breathing were significant for LV volumetric function (end-diastolic volume=-7 mL, p = 0.002; end-systolic volume=-7 mL, p < 0.001; ejection fraction = 3 %, p < 0.001; peak ejection rate = 22 mL/s, p = 0.002; early-diastolic peak filling rate=-34 mL/s, p = 0.025), LA volumetric function (maximum volume=-6 mL, p < 0.001; total ejection fraction=-4%, p < 0.001; active ejection fraction=-2%, p = 0.013; before contraction ejection fraction=-4%, p < 0.001) and early-diastolic velocities (transmitral=-6 cm/s, p < 0.001; tissue velocity=-1.8 cm/s, p < 0.001). Standard deviations of breath-hold-to-breathing differences exceeded the corresponding repeatabilities of breath-hold and breathing measurements. CONCLUSIONS: Systolic and diastolic LV and LA function parameters acquired during inspiratory breath-holding and breathing differ, and large inter-individual breath-hold-to-breathing variations are possible. Thus, the breathing state should be taken into account, especially when comparing results in patient follow-up acquired in different respiratory states.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
10.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 49(7): 659-666, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978994

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate subclinical left atrial (LA) myocardial dysfunction in essential hypertension (EHT) patients by using volume-derived and two-dimensional strain. METHODS: We enrolled in this study 51 normal subjects and 95 EHT patients. The LA volume-derived index was measured in apical 4- and 2-chamber views. LA strain and strain rate, reservoir, conduit, and booster pump functions were measured by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). RESULTS: LA ejection fraction (LAEF) and absolute strain-derived values were significantly lower in EHT patients than in controls. LAEF (total, passive), absolute values of LA strain (S-reservoir and S-conduit), and strain rate (Sr-reservoir and Sr-conduit) were significantly lower in EHT patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) than in patients without LVH and in controls. However, there were no significant difference in active LAEF or S-booster pump and Sr-booster pump functions between EHT patients without LVH and normal subjects. The areas under the curves of the combination of volume-derived values, LA strain, and strain rate were significantly higher than those of individual indices. CONCLUSION: In our population, EHT patients showed impaired LA functions and greater stiffness than normal subjects. EHT patients with LVH showed greater impairment of LA reservoir and conduit functions than patients without LVH. EHT patients without LVH had normal LA booster pump function, which was impaired in patients with LVH. Volume-derived and 2D strain values could provide a sensitive and reproducible method for detecting subclinical LA myocardial dysfunction in EHT.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Ventrículos do Coração , Hipertensão Essencial/diagnóstico por imagem , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Função Ventricular Esquerda
11.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 49(7): 650-658, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846987

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the relationship between left atrium (LA) volumes and contractility features along the cardiac cycle. The present study aimed to assess, by three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE), correlations between LA volumes, volume-based functional properties, and strains during the cardiac cycle in healthy adults. METHODS: We included 217 healthy adult volunteers (mean age 33.4 ± 12.7 years, 112 males) who underwent complete two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography with 3DSTE. RESULTS: LA stroke volumes were greater in subjects with the greater maximum LA volume (Vmax ) in reservoir, conduit, and booster pump phases of LA function. While LA emptying fraction in LA reservoir phase was not different between subjects depending in their Vmax value, a significantly lower LA emptying fraction could be detected in LA conduit phase in subjects whose Vmax was >50 mL. In booster pump function, LA emptying fraction was not significantly different whatever the Vmax . Only global and mean segmental peak LA radial strain (RS) and 3D strain (3DS) and the same strains at atrial contraction appeared greater in subjects with greater Vmax , whereas the other strain parameters were not different. CONCLUSIONS: In healthy subjects, LA-RS and LA-3DS, objective features of LA contractility, are greater in subjects with greater LA volumes up to a point beyond which this association disappears.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Adulto , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Ecocardiografia , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Cardiology ; 146(4): 489-500, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752215

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The changes and the prognostic implications of left atrial (LA) volumes (LAV), LA function, and vascular load in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe aortic stenosis (AS) are less known. METHODS: We enrolled 150 symptomatic patients (mean age 82 ± 8 years, 58% female, and pre-TAVI aortic valve area 0.40 ± 0.19 cm/m2) with severe AS who underwent 2D transthoracic echocardiography and 2D speckle tracking echocardiography at average 21 ± 35 days before and 171 ± 217 days after TAVI. The end point was a composite of new onset of atrial fibrillation, hospitalization for heart failure and all-cause death (major adverse cardiac events [MACE]). RESULTS: After TAVI, indexed maximal LA volume and minimum volume of the LA decreased by 2.1 ± 10 mL/m2 and 1.6 ± 7 mL/m2 (p = 0.032 and p = 0.011, respectively), LA function index increased by 6.8 ± 11 units (p < 0.001), and LA stiffness decreased by 0.38 ± 2.0 (p = 0.05). No other changes in the LA phasic volumes, emptying fractions, and vascular load were noted. Post-TAVI, both left atrial and ventricular global peak longitudinal strain improved by about 6% (p = 0.01 and 0.02, respectively). MACE was reached by 37 (25%) patients after a median follow-up period of 172 days (interquartile range, 20-727). In multivariable models, MACE was associated with both pre- and post-TAVI LA global peak longitudinal strain (hazard ratio [HR] 0.75, CI 0.59-0.97; and HR 0.77, CI 0.60-1.00, per 5 percentage point units, respectively), pre-TAVI LV global endocardial longitudinal strain (HR 1.37, CI 1.02-1.83 per 5 percentage point units), and with most of the LA phasic volumes. CONCLUSION: Within 6 months after TAVI, there is reverse LA remodeling and an improvement in LA reservoir function. Pre- and post-TAVI indices of LA function and volume remain independently associated with MACE. Larger studies enrolling a greater diversity of patients may provide sufficient evidence for the utilization of these imaging biomarkers in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
13.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 23(1): 30, 2021 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial strain assessed with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) feature tracking can detect early left ventricular (LV) myocardial deformation quantitatively in patients with a variety of cardiovascular diseases, but this method has not yet been applied to quantify myocardial strain in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and no coexistent cardiovascular disease, i.e., the early stage of AF. This study sought to compare LV myocardial strain and T1 mapping indices in AF patients and healthy subjects, and to investigate the associations of a portfolio of inflammation, cardiac remodeling and fibrosis biomarkers with LV myocardial strain and T1 mapping indices in AF patients with no coexistent cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The study consisted of 80 patients with paroxysmal AF patients and no coexistent cardiovascular disease and 20 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Left atrial volume (LAV), LV myocardial strain and native T1 were assessed with CMR, and compared between the AF patients and healthy subjects. Biomarkers of C-reactive protein (CRP), transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-ß1), collagen III N-terminal propeptide (PIIINP), and soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) were obtained with blood tests, and compared between the AF patients and healthy controls. Associations of these biomarkers with those CMR-measured parameters were analyzed for the AF patients. RESULTS: For the CMR-measured parameters, the AF patients showed significantly larger LAV and LV end-systolic volume, and higher native T1 than the healthy controls (max P = 0.027). The absolute values of the LV peak systolic circumferential strain and its rate as well as the LV diastolic circumferential strain rate were all significantly reduced in the AF patients (all P < 0.001). For the biomarkers, the AF patients showed significantly larger CRP (an inflammation biomarker) and sST2 (a myocardium stiffness biomarker) than the controls (max P = 0.007). In the AF patients, the five CMR-measured parameters of LAV, three LV strain indices and native T1 were all significantly associated with these two biomarkers of CRP and sST2 (max P = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with paroxysmal AF and no coexistent cardiovascular disease, LAV enlargement and LV myocardium abnormalities were detected by CMR, and these abnormalities were associated with biomarkers that reflect inflammation and myocardial stiffness.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Proteína 1 Semelhante a Receptor de Interleucina-1/sangue , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Remodelamento Atrial , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Remodelação Ventricular
14.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 23(1): 29, 2021 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Four-dimensional (4D) flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) allows sophisticated quantification of left atrial (LA) blood flow, and could yield novel biomarkers of propensity for intra-cardiac thrombus formation and embolic stroke. As reproducibility is critically important to diagnostic performance, we systematically investigated technical and temporal variation of LA 4D flow in atrial fibrillation (AF) and sinus rhythm (SR). METHODS: Eighty-six subjects (SR, n = 64; AF, n = 22) with wide-ranging stroke risk (CHA2DS2VASc 0-6) underwent LA 4D flow assessment of peak and mean velocity, vorticity, vortex volume, and stasis. Eighty-five (99%) underwent a second acquisition within the same session, and 74 (86%) also returned at 30 (27-35) days for an interval scan. We assessed variability attributable to manual contouring (intra- and inter-observer), and subject repositioning and reacquisition of data, both within the same session (same-day scan-rescan), and over time (interval scan). Within-subject coefficients of variation (CV) and bootstrapped 95% CIs were calculated and compared. RESULTS: Same-day scan-rescan CVs were 6% for peak velocity, 5% for mean velocity, 7% for vorticity, 9% for vortex volume, and 10% for stasis, and were similar between SR and AF subjects (all p > 0.05). Interval-scan variability was similar to same-day scan-rescan variability for peak velocity, vorticity, and vortex volume (all p > 0.05), and higher for stasis and mean velocity (interval scan CVs of 14% and 8%, respectively, both p < 0.05). Longitudinal changes in heart rate and blood pressure at the interval scan in the same subjects were associated with significantly higher variability for LA stasis (p = 0.024), but not for the remaining flow parameters (all p > 0.05). SR subjects showed significantly greater interval-scan variability than AF patients for mean velocity, vortex volume, and stasis (all p < 0.05), but not peak velocity or vorticity (both p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LA peak velocity and vorticity are the most reproducible and temporally stable novel LA 4D flow biomarkers, and are robust to changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and differences in heart rhythm.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Frequência Cardíaca , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo
15.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 23(1): 36, 2021 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of left atrial (LA) size and function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is well recognized, but LA function is difficult to routinely analyze. Fast LA long-axis strain (LA-LAS) analysis is a novel technique to assess LA function on cine cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). We aimed to assess the association between fast LA-LAS and adverse clinical outcomes in patients with HCM. METHODS: 359 HCM patients and 100 healthy controls underwent routine CMR imaging. Fast LA-LAS was analyzed by automatically tracking the length between the midpoint of posterior LA wall and the left atrioventricular junction based on standard 2- and 4-chamber balanced steady-state free precession cine-CMR. Three strain parameters including reservoir strain (εs), conduit strain (εe), and active strain (εa) were assessed. The endpoint was set as composite adverse events including cardiovascular death, resuscitated cardiac arrest, sudden cardiac death aborted by appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator discharge, and hospital admission related to heart failure. RESULTS: During an average follow-up of 40.9 months, 59 patients (19.7%) reached endpoints. LA strains were correlated with LA diameter, LA volume index (LAVI) and LA empty fraction (LAEF) (all p < 0.05). In the stepwise multivariate Cox regression analysis, εs and εe (hazard ratio, 0.94 and 0.89; p = 0.019 and 0.006, respectively) emerged as independent predictors of the composite adverse events. Fast LA εs and LA εe are stronger prognostic factors than LA size, LAVI and the presence of left ventricular late gadolinium enhancement. CONCLUSIONS: Fast LA reservoir and conduit strains are independently associated with adverse outcomes in HCM.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Adulto , Idoso , Remodelamento Atrial , Automação , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Meios de Contraste , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Gadolínio DTPA , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; 50(4): 429-434, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To validate the hypothesis that cryptogenic stroke with multiple infarcts included embolic stroke due to left atrial appendage (LAA) dysfunction, the present retrospective observational study was aimed to clarify the association between LAA flow velocity (LAA-FV) and multiple infarcts in patients with cryptogenic stroke. METHODS: From consecutive patients with cryptogenic stroke admitted to our hospital within 7 days after onset, patients without brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on admission or without transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) during acute hospitalization were excluded, and the remaining patients were enrolled. Multiplicity of fresh infarcts was assessed using diffusion-weighted images from brain MRI. LAA-FV was defined as LAA peak emptying flow velocity on TEE. RESULTS: Of 786 enrolled patients, 522 patients (66%) had a single infarct, and the remaining 264 patients (34%) had multiple infarcts. The percentage of multiple infarcts decreased with increasing quartiles of LAA-FV (p for trend <0.001). The adjusted odds ratio for multiple infarcts decreased with increasing quartiles of LAA-FV (adjusted odds ratio in the fourth quartile, 0.39; 95% confidence interval, 0.25-0.60; compared with the first quartile). LAA-FV as a continuous variable was negatively associated with multiple infarcts (adjusted odds ratio per 10 cm/s, 0.87; 95% confidence interval, 0.81-0.92). CONCLUSIONS: Reduced LAA-FV on TEE was associated with multiple infarcts in patients with cryptogenic stroke. The present findings indicate that cryptogenic stroke with multiple infarcts includes embolic stroke due to LAA dysfunction.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/fisiopatologia , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , AVC Embólico/etiologia , Cardiopatias/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apêndice Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler de Pulso , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , AVC Embólico/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
17.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(3): 2668-2678, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At present, little research concerning the assessment of left atrial (LA) dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) using a combined assessment by speckle tracking (STE) and real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) is available. The objective of this study was to evaluate the LA volume and function by STE and RT3DE in patients with OSA. METHODS: In our cohort study, ninety-two OSA patients and 50 healthy individuals were enrolled. According to the apnea hypopnea index (AHI), patients (AHI >15/h) classified as having moderate and severe OSA were included. The patients were divided into 2 subgroups according to the left ventricular mass index (LVMI): the left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) group in which patients had LVH (n=30), and the nonLVH group in which patients did not have LVH (n=62). All subjects underwent LA function assessment by conventional techniques and the combination of STE and RT3DE. RESULTS: OSA patients showed impaired LA global longitudinal strain during early diastole (LA S-E) and systole (LA S-S) but increased LA global longitudinal strain during late diastole (LA S-A) compared with controls (all P<0.05). In addition, OSA patients with LVH had lower LA S-S and LA S-E than patients without LVH (all P<0.05). With regard to parameters obtained from RT3DE, indexed LA maximum, minimum, and preatrial contraction volumes (LAVi-max, LAVi-min, LAVi-preA) and the LA active emptying fraction (LAAEF) were significantly higher, whereas the LA passive emptying fraction (LVPEF) was significantly lower in OSA patients in comparison with controls (all P<0.05). The LA total emptying fraction (LVTEF) and the LA expansion index were significantly lower in OSA patients with LVH than in controls (all P<0.05). Additionally, OSA patients with LVH had higher LAVi-min, LAVi-preA and LAAEVi but lower LAPEF than patients without LVH (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: OSA is associated with LA remodeling and dysfunction that occurs in the subclinical stage before the development of LVH and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, and it will be further aggravated along with the development of LVH and OSA severity. The process can be detected with a detailed evaluation of active and passive functions of the LA using the STE and RT3DE method.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Estudos de Coortes , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Int J Cardiol ; 333: 21-28, 2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is already known that high coronary microvascular resistance (Rµ) is linked to altered left ventricular stiffness and might be an early indicator of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Left atrial dysfunction, on the other hand, varies according to the grade of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. This is the first study to use the latest development for invasive assessment of Rµ and to combine it with echocardiographic assessment of left atrial strain during reservoir phase (LASr) by speckle tracking in relation to left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. METHODS AND RESULTS: An invasive angiogram was performed in 97 patients because of suspected ANOCA. All patients underwent comprehensive echocardiography, yet image quality was poor in 15 patients leaving 82 patients to include in the final analysis. In order to compare Rµ with LASr values, patients were divided into 4 groups based upon normal values of Rµ as defined by Fournier et al. The mean LASr was plotted against the four resistance groups. The LASr was 48.6% in the lowest resistance group, and 40.1%, 36.3% and 30.1% in the low intermediate, high intermediate and high resistance group respectively. These differences were significant compared to the lowest resistance group (p < 0.05). Although higher Rµ groups showed more diastolic dysfunction, LASr was already decreased irrespective of the severity of diastolic dysfunction. CONCLUSION: This study shows a relationship between increased Rµ and reduced LASr, that seems to precede conventional measures of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. This suggests that microvascular dysfunction might be an early indicator for the development of impaired LA function.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Átrios do Coração , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda
19.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 42(5): 1102-1110, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774693

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-invasive imaging markers in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) are still being investigated to inform clinical decision making. Atrial function is a prognostic indicator in many acquired and congenital heart diseases. We sought to examine the relationship between cardiac MRI (CMR)-derived indices of left atrial (LA) function, native left ventricular (LV) T1 values, biventricular systolic function, and exercise capacity in rTOF. METHODS: Sixty-six patients with rTOF without prior pulmonary valve replacement who underwent CMR (median age 18.5 years) were identified. Twenty-one adult rTOF patients (age range 19-32 years) were compared with 20 age-matched healthy volunteers (age range 19-34 years). LA reservoir, conduit, and pump global longitudinal strain (GLS) and strain rate (SR) were determined by tissue tracking. Native LV T1 values were measured on rTOF patients. Pearson correlations were performed to determine bivariate associations. RESULTS: Adult rTOF patients had higher pump GLS, pump:conduit, and pump:reservoir GLS ratios, and lower conduit:reservoir GLS ratio, LV ejection fraction (EF), and right ventricular EF compared to controls (p < 0.001 for each comparison). LA conduit:reservoir GLS and pump:reservoir GLS had correlations to native LV T1 (ρ = 0.26, p = 0.03 and ρ = - 0.26, p = 0.03, respectively). LA reservoir SR had positive correlation to RV EF (ρ = 0.27, p = 0.03). There were no statistically significant correlations between LA function and exercise capacity. CONCLUSIONS: LA function is altered in adolescent and young adult patients with rTOF indicating worse diastolic function and relates to increasing native LV T1 values. Future studies are indicated to investigate the progression of adverse atrial-ventricular interactions and poor outcomes in this population.


Assuntos
Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Exercício Físico , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Adulto Jovem
20.
Echocardiography ; 38(3): 417-426, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594734

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Left atrial (LA) function by two-dimensional (2D) strain is an emerging tool with increasing clinical utility. Age and gender are key modulators of strain parameters; however, the specific time course for LA structural and functional changes is not clearly defined. METHODS: A total of 147 healthy individuals (20-69 years) underwent transthoracic echocardiography; subjects were evaluated by age (decade) and gender. LA and left ventricular (LV) volumetric and strain measurements were performed. RESULTS: Left atrial reservoir (ƐR) and conduit strain (ƐCD) with negatively correlated with age (r =-.36; r = -.56; P < .001, respectively) being significantly lower by the 6th and 5th decades, respectively. Contractile strain (ƐCT) positively correlated with age (r = .36; P < .001), being significantly higher by the 6th decade. ƐR and ƐCD were higher in young females (20-34 years) compared to young males (P = .033 and P < .001, respectively). ƐCT was significantly higher in middle-aged adult males (35-50yrs; P = .010), though seen later in females (≥51 years; P = .005). Standard deviation of time to positive strain (SD-TPS) significantly higher by the 5th decade and correlated with age in both males (r = .44; P <.001) and females (r = .40; P = .001). CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that ƐR and ƐCD are lower with age, with differing rates between males and females. As a compensatory mechanism for decline in ƐCD, ƐCT is higher, more notably in males; comparatively, females display a more prominent decline in ƐR and ƐCD with age. Alteration in electromechanical properties occurred in both genders with SD-TPS becoming higher with age.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial , Átrios do Coração , Adulto , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...