Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 25.523
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21786, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957307

RESUMO

The present study is a retrospective cohort study. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of clinical findings that has been shown to increase the risk of the surgical outcomes. Our study aimed to evaluate whether MetS was a risk factor for increased perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF).We retrospectively analyzed patients over 18 years following elective posterior lumbar spine fusion from January 2014 to December 2018. Emergency procedures, infections, tumor, fracture, and revision surgeries were excluded. Patients were divided into 2 groups with and without MetS. The MetS was defined by having 3 of the following 4 criteria: obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m), dyslipidemia, hypertension, and diabetes. The follow-up period lasted up to 30 days after surgery. The outcomes of demographics, comorbidities, perioperative complications, and length of stay were compared between the 2 groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify perioperative outcomes that were independently associated with MetS.The overall prevalence of MetS was 12.5% (360/2880). Patients with MetS was a significantly higher risk factor for perioperative complications, and longer length of stay cmpared with patients without MetS (P < .05). The MetS group had a higher rate of cardiac complications (P = .019), pulmonary complication (P = .035), pneumonia (P = .026), cerebrovascular event (P = .023), urinary tract infection (P = .018), postoperative ICU admission (P = .02), and deep vein thrombosis (P = .029) than non-MetS group. The patients with MetS had longer hospital stays than the patients without MetS (22.16 vs 19.99 days, P < .001). Logistic regression analysis revealed that patients with MetS were more likely to experience perioperative complications (odds ratio [OR] 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06-2.07; P < .001), and extend the length of stay (OR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.25-2028; P = .001).The MetS is a significant risk factor for increased perioperative complications, and extend length of stay after PLIF. Strategies to minimize the adverse effect of MetS should be considered for these patients.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21973, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957316

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to review relevant studies in order to determine the efficacy of decompression with fusion versus decompression in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: Using appropriate keywords, we identified relevant studies using PubMed, the Cochrane library, and Embase. Key pertinent sources in the literature were also reviewed, and all articles published through October 2019 were considered for inclusion. For each study, we used odds ratios, mean difference (MD), and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) to assess and synthesize outcomes. RESULTS: We found 13 studies that were consistent with this meta-analysis with a total of 29066 patients. Compared with decompression, decompression with fusion significantly increased the incidence of complications (RR: 1.41, 95%CI: 1.26-1.57), the length of hospital stay (WMD: 1.868, 95%CI: 1.394-2.343), operative time (WMD: 80.399, 95%CI: 44.397-116.401), estimated blood loss (WMD: 309.356, 95%CI: 98.008-520.704) and Zurich claudication questionnaire in symptom severity (WMD: 0.200, 95%CI: 0.006-0.394). The reoperation rate was lower in the decompression with fusion group than the decompression group but without significant difference (RR: 0.91, 95%CI: 0.82-1.00). There was no significant difference between 2 groups in visual analog scale (leg pain and back pain), ODI, Short Form 36 Health Survey physical component summary, Short Form 36 Health Survey mental component summary, and Zurich claudication questionnaire physical function. CONCLUSION: Decompression with fusion has no significant clinical advantages in treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis when compared with decompression.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Reoperação
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22162, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with spinal fusion often have opioid tolerance and chronic pain, which makes it difficult to control postoperative pain. In this double-blind, randomized, prospective study, we assessed the safety and efficacy of intravenous low-dose ketamine for the treatment of pain in patients undergoing the lumbar spinal fusion. METHODS: This randomized, prospective, double-blind and placebo-controlled study was approved via the hospital institutional review committee. Patients were registered with signed written consent. All the floor nurses, recovery room and surgeons, patients, statisticians as well as research assistants were unaware of the grouping. The patients were randomly divided into ketamine group and control group by random number table. Nausea, vomiting or vomiting, the intensity of pain, adverse events, cumulative morphine consumption, as well as the amount of extra antiemetics or analgesics were evaluated at 6 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours, 36 hours, and 48 hours after the operation. P < .05 was considered to be the statistically significant. The Statistical Package for the software of Social Sciences 20.0 was utilized for statistical analysis. CONCLUSIONS: For the present trial, we assumed that intravenous ketamine could improve the satisfaction of patient by reducing the total consumption of morphine equivalent and the pain scores. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5896).


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Ketamina/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Fusão Vertebral , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e22024, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the clinical efficacy of spinal fusion (SF) or total disc arthroplasty (TDA) in the treatment of the degenerative lumbar disc disease is still controversial. The objective of this retrospective clinical trial was to investigate whether TDA was superior to the SF in the complication rates and clinical outcome scores. METHODS: This retrospective research was based on the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology checklist. Internal clinical data sets for 2014 to 2018 were acquired and consolidated with the approval of the Institutional Review Committee of Shaoxing Hospital of Zhejiang University. Inclusion criteria in this present research included: low back pain without or with the leg pain for more than one year; failure of conservative treatment planned for more than three months; age was 25 to 60 years old; followed up for at least one year. The main outcome measure was disability and pain measured via the Norwegian version of Oswestry disability index 2.0. The other clinical outcomes included Short-Form Health Survey, reoperations, duration of surgery, complications, hospital stay length, as well as the blood loss. The significance was set at 0.05 level with the confidence intervals of 95%. The software package of SPSS (version 21.0; SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL, USA) was applied for all the analyses of statistics. RESULTS: The null hypothesis is that there is no significant difference in outcomes between TDA and SF in the treatment of degenerative lumbar disc disease. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5847).


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral , Substituição Total de Disco , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e22026, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this meta-analysis was to summarize and identify the available evidence from these studies to estimate which device was better for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM). And provides clinicians with evidence on which to base their clinical decision making. METHODS: This review will include all studies comparing the new Zero-profile versus cage-plate interbody fusion system in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for the treatment of MCSM. The search strategy will be performed in 9 databases. We will not establish any limitations to language and publication status, published from inception to the July, 2020. Two reviewers will screen, select studies, extract data, and assess quality independently. Outcome is operative time, blood loss, clinical function outcome, radiologic outcomes, and complications. The methodological quality including the risk of bias of the included studies will be evaluated. We will carry out statistical analysis using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: This study will summarize current evidence to assess the efficacy and safety of Zero-profile versus cage-plate interbody fusion system in ACDF for the treatment of MCSM. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study will provide helpful evidence for the clinician, and will promote further studies, as well as comparing the 2 devices in ACDF for MCSM REGISTRATION NUMBER:: INPLASY202070095 (DOI number: 10.37766/inplasy2020.7.0095).


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Discotomia , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Espondilose/cirurgia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22069, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long-segment spinal fusion surgery was associated with substantial perioperative blood loss which may increase hospitalization expenses and mortality rates. Substantial studies have reported that tranexamic acid (TXA) could reduce blood products and cost after joint arthroplasty surgery. However, there still exists controversy regarding the efficacy of TXA in long-segment spinal fusion surgery. We performed this protocol to design a randomized controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of TXA in decreasing transfusion rate of allogeneic blood products and transfusion cost in degenerative lumbar scoliosis patients. METHODS: This study was carried out as a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial on patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis who prepared for long-segment spinal fusion surgery from December 2018 to December 2019. It was authorized via the Institutional Review Committee in Southwest Medical University (ky2019225). Eighty patients were divided randomly into 2 groups (Experimental group = 40, control group = 40). The patients in the experimental group received 1000 mg of TXA mixed in 100 mL normal saline as a single dose intravenously over 20 minutes before the skin incision was made. Control group received equivalent normal saline without TXA. Primary outcomes included total blood loss, estimated intraoperative blood loss, hematocrit and hemoglobin decline, postoperative drain amount, intra-/postoperative allogeneic transfusion amount and rate, and total transfusion cost. Secondary outcomes included surgical time, thrombotic complications including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. All the needed analyses were implemented through utilizing SPSS for Windows Version 20.0. RESULTS: Table showed the relevant clinical outcomes between experimental group and control group. CONCLUSION: We hypothesized that TXA was effective and safe in reducing blood transfusion and cost in long-segment spinal fusion surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5854).


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Transfusão de Sangue , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Embolia Pulmonar , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Trombose Venosa
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22145, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) are both the effective techniques in treatment of cervical spondylosis. The purpose of this present retrospective cohort research was to assess the efficacy and safety of ACDF and CDA in treating the symptomatic cervical spondylosis over the 6-year follow-up. METHODS: From our registry database, we identified retrospectively patients who received CDA or ACDF in our academic institutions from 2012 to 2015. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board in Zigong No.4 People's Hospital (Z10058072). All the subjects who participated in this trial were informed consent in writing. The inclusion criteria were the degenerative disc diseases between C3-7 resulting in myelopathy or radiculopathy, which was unresponsive to the conservative treatment. The clinical results were determined via Short Form-36, and neck disability index, numerical scoring scales for complications, arm pain and neck pain. The radiographic assessment contained the cervical lordosis, and the motion range of the functional spinal unit and total cervical spine. The routine follow-up was performed to collect the data of radiographic and clinical assessment at 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 months before and after the surgery. RESULTS: This study had limited inclusion and exclusion criteria and a well-controlled intervention. It was assumed that both techniques could obtain the similar postoperative effects. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5878).


Assuntos
Artroplastia/métodos , Discotomia/métodos , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Espondilose/cirurgia , Humanos , Cervicalgia , Medição da Dor , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(9): 841-7, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959572

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effects of anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (ACDF) and anterior cervical corpectomy with fusion (ACCF) in treating adjacent two-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). METHODS: The clinical data of 37 patients with adjacent two segment CSM treated from January 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, including 15 males and 22 females, aged from 43 to 69 years old with an average of 54.6 years. The patients were divided into ACDF group (group A, n=17) and ACCF group (group B, n=20) according to the different surgery. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded;the Cobb angle and cervical curvature in the cervical fusion segments before surgery and 1, 12 months after surgery were observed;Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score was used to evaluate the surgical efficacy, and the postoperative complications were analyzed. RESULTS: All patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months with an average of 18.5 months. Operation time and intraoperative blood loss in group A were (106.3±22.6) min, (52.2±26.4) ml, respectively, while were (115.6±16.8) min, ( 61.7±20.7) ml in group B. There was no statistically significant in operation time between two groups(P>0.05);intraoperative blood loss in group B was larger than group A(P<0.05). The preoperative and postoperative 1 and 12 months, cervical curvature and Cobb angle of cervical fusion segment in group A were (11.28±1.40)°, (17.56±1.90)°, (16.64±1.80)° and (4.93±4.20) °, (9.44±2.60)°, (9.25±2.80)°, respectively, and in group B were (10.59± 1.20)°, (16.26±2.10)°, (15.76±2.50)° and (4.75±3.90)°, (7.98±2.10)°, (7.79±3.00)°. The cervical curvature and Cobb angle in all cervical fusion segments at 1, 12 months after surgery were obviously improved, and group A recovered more significantly than group B (P<0.05). The JOA scores in group A were 9.46±1.70, 11.56±1.40, 14.86±1.20 before operation and 1 and 12 months after operation, and group B were 9.11±1.50, 11.40±1.30, 15.12±1.60, respectively. The postoperative JOA scores of the two groups were significantly improved (P<0.05), and there was no statistically significant difference between two groups at the same time (P>0.05). At the final follow up, in group A, dysphagia occurred in 2 cases, cage displacement in 1 case, and no titanium plate screw loose was found;and in group B, dysphagia occurred in 4 cases, titanium mesh collapse in 2 cases, titanium plate screw loose in 1 case. CONCLUSION: Two types of anterior cervical decompression and fusion for the treatment of two segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy can effectively decompress and improve the Cobb angle and cervical curvature of the affected vertebra. The ACDF surgical procedure can directly removethe compressive thing at intervertebral level, which will lead to little vertebral body damage and favorably recovered cervical curvature. The ACCF surgical procedure has a large operation space, which can easily remove the posterior vertebral osteophyte and the calcified posterior longitudinal ligament. Long-term follow-up shows that ACDF and ACCF have good surgical procedures, mature technology, and close efficacy.


Assuntos
Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilose/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Discotomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(9): 853-9, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959574

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the early clinical effects of oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) combined with posterior long-segment internal fixation through O-arm CT navigation for the treatment of degenerative scoliosis. METHODS: The clinical data of 15 patients with degenerative scoliosis treated by OLIF combined with posterior long-segment internal fixation through O-arm CT navigation between April 2016 and December were retropectively analyzed. There were 3 males and 12 females, aged from 55 to 73 years old with an average of (62.2±5.3) years. The operation time, intraoperation blood loss, the rate of excellentand good of pedicle screw placement, and complications were recorded. Before surgery, 1 week after surgery and at the final follow-up, the visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to evaluate the patients' clinical symptoms;standing X-ray film, lumbar spine CT examination was performed at 6 months after surgery to observe coronal scoliosis Cobb angle, lumbar lordosis (LL), intervertebral space height, sagittal vertical axis (SVA), intervertebral fusion, etc. RESULTS: The mean operation time and intraoperative blood loss were respectively (98.7±16.8) min and (50.2±10.7) ml in OLIF surgery, while were (101.5±23.4) min and (63.1±19.7) ml in the surgery of posterior long segment internal fixation. The total mean operation time and intraoperative blood loss were (200.2±40.2) min and (113.3±30.4) ml. All patients were followed from 12 to 25 months with an average of (16.5±5.3) months. Low back pain VAS, lower limb pain VAS and ODI reduced from preoperative (6.8±1.6), (6.2±1.1) scores and (64.6±10.4)% to (1.4±1.0), (1.0±0.5) scores, and (15.8±4.5)% at the final follow-up, the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05). Coronal scoliosis Cobb angle and SVA decreased from preoperative (20.3±13.5)°, (42.3±16.5) mm to (5.5±3.1)°, (25.1±10.9) mm at the final follow-up, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). LL and intervertebral space height increased from preoperative (25.8±8.2)°, (5.9±2.7) mm to (39.3±9.1)°, (10.9±1.2) at the final follow-up, and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05). Total 240 nails were placed through O-arm CT navigation with the rate of excellent and good of 96%(230/240). Six months after operation, CT of lumbar spine showed interbody fusion of bone. One patient developed anterior medial pain in the left thigh, and two patients experienced transient lefthip flexion after surgery, both of whom recovered during subsequent follow-up. CONCLUSION: The early clinical effect of oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion combined with posterior long segment internal fixation through O-arm CT navigation is satisfactory in treatment of degenerative scoliosis. It has the advantages of minimal invasion, accurate navigation of nail placement, high bone fusion rate and few complications. It can provide new options for minimally invasive treatment of degenerative scoliosis.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Fusão Vertebral , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(9): 848-52, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of channel-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined with percutaneous short segmental vertebral fixation for the treatment of non-specific lumbar intervertebral infection. METHODS: The clinical data of 12 patients with non-specific lumbar intervertebral infection treated from January 2014 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 8 males and 4 females, aged 39 to 65(51.00±12.36) years old. Infection site located in L2, 3 of 2 cases, L3, 4 of 3 cases, L4, 5 of 6 cases, L5S1 of 1 case. There were 3 cases of hypertension, 2 cases of diabetes, and 2 cases of urinary tract infection. None of the 12 patients had a history of lumbar puncture and surgery. Debridement, autogenous bone grafting, minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion via Quadrant invasive system, and percutaneous short segmental vertebral fixation were performed in the patients, the diseased tissue samples were collected for bacterial culture and pathological examination. The operation time and the amount of intraoperative blood loss were recorded. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured before and after operation. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores were used to evaluate the clinical effects and the imaging data were used to assess the fusion of vertebral body. RESULTS: All operations were successful, with operation time of (176.00±20.76) min, and the intraoperative blood loss of (155.00±30.56) ml. The patients were followed up for 12 to 18 (14.69±4.78) months. The VAS and JOA scores at 1 week after operation and at the final follow up were significantly improved (P<0.01). The improvement rate of JOA in the final follow-up was 94%. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were reduced to normal level in all patients, and the bone grafting got fusion. There were 7 cases of positive bacterial culture and 5 cases of negative. CONCLUSION: Debridement, autogenous bone grafting and minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion via Quadrant invasive system combined with percutaneous short segmental vertebral fixation is a safe, clinically reliable, minimally invasive surgical procedure for the treatment of non specific lumbar intervertebral space infections.


Assuntos
Infecções , Fusão Vertebral , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Região Lombossacral , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(9): 878-82, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959579

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and safety of pedicle screw placement using a new self-guided pedicle tap. METHODS: According to the anatomical characteristics of the pedicle, a new self-guided pedicle tap was developed. Six adult spinal specimens including 4 males and 2 females were selected and tapped thread on the right and left sides of each pair of pedicles from the same segment T1 to L5 with traditional taps (control group) and new self-guided pedicle taps (experimental group), respectively. And the pedicle screws were placed. The screwing time was recorded and compared between two groups. CT scanning was completed to observe the accuracy and safety of the screw placement according to the Heary classification of imaging results. RESULTS: The screwing time of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae in the experimental group were (5.87±1.25) min and(5.45±1.67) min, respectively. While those in the control group were (6.12±1.69) min and (6.22±2.13) min, respectively. Then there was no significant difference in screwing time of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae between two groups (P>0.05). The Heary grade of the pedicle screw showed that Heary gradeⅠand Heary gradeⅠ+Ⅱwere respectively 86 (84.31%) and 96 (94.12%) in the experimental group, 72 (71.29%) and 84 (83.17%) in control group, and the difference between two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The new self-guided pedicle tap can accurately and safely insert the thoracolumbar pedicle screw, with low cost, easy operation, and good clinical application value.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Fusão Vertebral , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Vértebras Torácicas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(9): 883-6, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959580

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the application of modified traction therapy in traumatic atlantoaxial subluxation in adults. METHODS: The clinical data of 31 patients with atlantoaxial subluxation treated from March 2018 to June 2019 were restropectively analyzed. There were 15 males and 16 females, aged from 18 to 68 years old with an average of 39 years old, including 10 cases of 18-40 years, 15 cases of 41-60 years, 6 cases of 51-68 years. The main manifestations of the patients were limited neck movement, pain, and atlantoaxial CT scan showed different degrees of atlantoaxial subluxation. Three dimensional multifunctional traction bed was used for traction for 2 min, relaxation for 10 s. The traction angle starts from the rearward extension of 5°-10° and weight from 3-6 kg. The weight increased by 1 kg every two days until the symptoms were improved. Traction time was 30 min twice a day and 10 days for a course of treatment. One course of treatment was performed in patients with 1-2 mm left and right equal width of atlantoaxial space, and two courses of treatment were performed in patients with 3-4 mm left and right equal width of atlantoaxial space, and the course of treatment could be increased to 3 months in especially patients with serious problems, such as 4 mm left and right equal width of atlantoaxial space and no improvement after conventional treatment. The criteria to evaluate the clinical effect was cure:no pain in the neck, normal range of neck movement, CT showed normal atlantoaxial space and odontoid process was in the middle, patients with normal neck movement were followed up 1 month after the end of treatment;improvement:neck pain was significantly improved and CT showed that the left and right atlantoaxial space was less than 1 mm in equal width. RESULTS: Among the 31 patients, 17 cases were cured by one course of treatment, 11 cases were cured by 2 courses of treatment, and 2 caseswere improved. CONCLUSION: The modified traction therapy has obvious effect on adult traumatic atlantoaxial subluxation, especially the subluxation of 3-4 mm equal width in left and right atlantoaxial space, and this method is safe and reliable with good efficacy and the patients without discomfort.


Assuntos
Articulação Atlantoaxial , Luxações Articulares , Processo Odontoide , Fusão Vertebral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tração , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(9): 707-712, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878418

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of placement of S(2) alar iliac screw (S(2)AI) using free-hand technique for sacrapelvic fusion in lumbar degenerative scoliosis. Methods: Eighteen patients with Lumbar Degenerative Scoliosis treated by S(2)AI screw fixation at Department of Orthopedics, General Hospital of Southern Theater Command of People's Liberation Army and Department of Orthopedics, 89th hospital of People's Liberation Army from August 2014 to October 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 5 males and 13 females, aged 63.2 years old (range:55 to 71 years old).Parameters of spine including: Cobb Angle, C(7) plumb line -center sacral vertical line (C(7)PL-CSVL), lumbar lordosis(LL), sagittal vertical axis(SVA), pelvic incidence(PI), pelvic tilt(PT), sacral slope (SS) and pI-LL were measured on the whole spine X-ray before operation and at final follow-up. Pelvic CT scan was performed postoperatively to assess the accuracy of S(2)AI placement. Oswestry disability Index (ODI) was also recorded. The data were compared by paired t test or Wilcoxon tests. Results: All patients were followed up for 23.7 months (range: 12~62 months).At the last follow up, Cobb Angle decreased from (32.28±4.97) °preoperative to (6.56±3.20) ° (t=41.142, P<0.01) and C(7)PL-CSVL deceased from (1.11±2.07) cm preoperative to (0.18±1.08) cm (t=41.142, P=0.06) .LL improved from (-22.39±13.07) °preoperative to (-36.39±4.29) ° (t=4.470, P<0.01) , PI-LL decreased from (26.83±14.83)°preoperative to (13.72±8.3)° (t=4.396, P<0.01) , PT decreased from (27.94±4.26) °to (23.39±6.08) ° (t=2.680, P=0.02) , and SS increased from (22.22±6.36) °to (26.28±7.24) ° (t=-2.178, P=0.04) .SVA decreased from (6.54±4.51) cm preoperative to (2.62±1.29) cm (t=3.052, P=0.01) .ODI decreased from 0.58(0.40) (M(Q(R))) to 0.18 (0.15) (Z=-4.567, P<0.01) .No complications such as nerve and blood vessel injury occurred during the operation. A total of 32 S(2)AI screws were placed, 3 screws were placed with mild to moderate cortical breaches, 2 were perforated the pelvis ventrally, 1 was perforated posteriorly, with no clinically notable neurovascular or visceral complications. Eight patients finished the SRS-22 questionnaire, with mean score of 4.4 in terms of satisfaction with management. Conclusions: Free-hand technique of S(2)AI screw placement for sacrapelvic fusion in degenerative lumbar scoliosis is safe and feasible.S(2)AI fixation in DLS can provide great correction of deformity, maintain the stability of lumbo-pelvic area and improve the clinical symptoms.


Assuntos
Ílio/cirurgia , Sacro/cirurgia , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Idoso , Animais , Parafusos Ósseos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(9): 1158-1162, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929910

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect and safety of tranexamic acid sequential rivaroxaban on perioperative blood loss and preventing thrombosis for elderly patients during lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) with a prospective randomized controlled study. Methods: Between April and October 2019, the elderly patients with lumbar degenerative diseases requiring LIF were included in the study, among which were 80 patients met the selection criteria. According to the antifibrinolysis and anticoagulation protocols, they were randomly divided into a tranexamic acid sequential rivaroxaban group (trial group) and a simple rivaroxaban group (control group) on average. Finally, 69 patients (35 in the trial group and 34 in the control group) were included for comparison. There was no significant difference in general data ( P>0.05) such as gender, age, body mass index, disease duration, diseased segment, type of disease, and preoperative hemoglobin between the two groups. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, drainage within 3 days after operation, perioperative total blood loss, and proportion of blood transfusion patients were compared between the two groups, as well as postoperative venous thrombosis of lower extremities, pulmonary embolism, and bleeding-related complications. Results: The operations of the two groups completed successfully, and there was no significant difference in the operation time ( P>0.05); the intraoperative blood loss, drainage within 3 days after operation, and perioperative total blood loss in the trial group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The proportion of blood transfusion patients in the trial group was 25.71% (9/35), which was significantly lower than that in the control group [52.94% (18/34)] ( χ 2=5.368, P=0.021). Postoperative incision bleeding occurred in 4 cases of the trial group and 3 cases of the control group, and there was no significant difference in bleeding-related complications between the two groups ( P=1.000). There was 1 case of venous thrombosis of the lower extremities in each group after operation, and there was no significant difference in the incidence between the two groups ( P=1.000). Besides, no pulmonary embolism occurred in the two groups. Conclusion: Perioperative use of tranexamic acid sequential rivaroxaban in elderly LIF patients can effectively reduce the amount of blood loss and the proportion of blood transfusion patients without increasing the risk of postoperative thrombosis.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Rivaroxabana , Fusão Vertebral , Idoso , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Estudos Prospectivos , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Ácido Tranexâmico , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(9): 1142-1148, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929908

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the safety and accuracy of manual and robot-assisted cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screws fixation in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with osteoporosis. Methods: The clinical data of 58 cases of lumbar degenerative disease with osteoporosis treated by CBT screw fixation between February 2017 and February 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 29 cases were fixed with CBT screws assisted by robot (group A), 29 cases were fixed with CBT screws by hand (group B). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of gender, age, body mass index, lesion type, T-value of bone mineral density, and operative segment ( P>0.05), with comparability. The accuracy of implant was evaluated by Kaito's grading method, and the invasion of CBT screw to the superior articular process was evaluated by Babu's method. Results: The operation time and intraoperative blood loss in group A were significantly less than those in group B ( t=-8.921, P=0.000; t=-14.101, P=0.000). One hundred and sixteen CBT screws were implanted in the two groups. At 3 days after operation, according to the Kaito's grading method, the accuracy of implant in group A was 108 screws of grade 0, 6 of grade 1, and 2 of grade 2; and in group B was 86 screws of grade 0, 12 of grade 1, and 18 of grade 2; the difference was significant ( Z=4.007, P=0.000). There were 114 accepted screws (98.3%) in group A and 98 (84.5%) in group B, the difference was significant ( χ 2=8.309, P=0.009). At 3 days after operation, according to Babu's method, there were 85 screws in grade 0, 3 in grade 1, and 2 in grade 2 in group A; and in group B, there were 91 screws in grade 0, 16 in grade 1, 5 in grade 2, and 4 in grade 3; the difference was significant ( Z=7.943, P=0.000). No serious injury of spinal cord, nerve, and blood vessel was found in the two groups. One patient in group A had delayed cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and 2 patients in group B had mild anemia. Both groups were followed up 10-14 months (mean, 11.6 months). The neurological symptoms were improved, and no screw loosening or fracture was found during the follow-up. Conclusion: Compared with manual implantation of CBT screw, robot-assisted spinal implant has higher accuracy, lower incidence of invasion of superior articular process, and strong holding power of CBT screw, which can be applied to the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Parafusos Pediculares , Robótica , Fusão Vertebral , Osso Cortical , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(9): 1149-1157, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929909

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the surgical method for primary malignant osseous tumors in the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) and its effectiveness. Methods: The clinical data of 7 patients with primary malignant osseous spinal tumors in CVJ, which collected between September 2010 and April 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 2 females, aged 23 to 75 years (median, 56 years). All patients were diagnosed as chordoma in 4 cases, plasmacytoma in 2 cases, and fibrosarcoma in 1 case. The disease duration ranged from 0.7 to 36.0 months, with an average of 12.2 months. Lesion location: 1 case of C 0, 1, 3 cases of C 2, 1 case of C 1, 2, 1 case of C 2, 3, and 1 case of C 0-2. Preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score was 6.7±2.1, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score was 15.6±2.4. According to American Society of Spinal Cord Injury (ASIA) grading system, there was 1 case of grade C, 1 case of grade D, and 5 cases of grade E. According to Enneking stage of spinal malignant tumor, there was 1 case of stage ⅠB, 2 cases of stage ⅡB, and 4 cases of stage Ⅲ. According to Weinstein-Boriani-Biagini (WBB) stage, there was 1 case of 5-8/A-D, 1 case of 4-9/A-D, 1 case of 6-7/B-D, 1 case of 6-7/A-D, 2 cases of 1-12/A-D, and 1 case of 3-10/A-D. All these patients were treated with tumor extended resection, bone graft fusion, and internal fixation via posterior cervical approach, as well as tumor (stage Ⅰ or stage Ⅱ) boundary resection via transoral or submandibular approach. Meanwhile, anterior reconstructive fusion was procedured with bone grafting Cage needed to place the internal fixation. Results: The operation time was 307-695 minutes (mean, 489.57 minutes), and the intraoperative blood loss was 400-2 000 mL (mean, 1 107.14 mL). There was no intraoperative injury in vertebral artery and spinal cord or any related postoperative complications, including incision infection, intracranial infection, and pulmonary infection. All the patients were followed up 3-57 months (mean, 21 months). Postoperative X-ray film and CT showed that the internal fixation screw was firm and in a satisfactory position, and the bone graft was fused at 3-6 months after operation. Symptoms such as neck pain, limb numbness, and fatigue relieved to different degrees after operation. At 3 months after operation, the VAS score improved to 1.7±0.8 ( t=7.638, P=0.000); while the JOA score improved to 16.1±1.5, but no significant difference was found when compared with preoperative score ( t=1.549, P=0.172). According to ASIA grading system, 1 patient with grade C had upgraded to grade D after operation, while the remaining patients had no change. There were 4 cases of recurrence after operation, in which those patients were with high malignancy of tumors before the first surgery. Their tumors also affected a wide range of slope or surrounding soft tissues and could not be completely removed. Among the 4 cases, 1 patient underwent transoral tumor removal operation again, while the other 3 cases gave up further treatment. There was no recurrence among the remaining 3 cases. Conclusion: Primary malignant osseous tumors in the CVJ can be completely exercised via means of trabsoral or submandibular approach. Meanwhile the anterior reconstruction can be achieved by placing special Cage specimen. These two methods together with postoperative adjuvant treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy can improve the survival time of patients and reduce tumor recurrence.


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Adulto , Idoso , Parafusos Ósseos , Vértebras Cervicais , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Torácicas , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e20955, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871974

RESUMO

We conducted a retrospective study to compare the clinical and radiological results of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and posterior laminoplasty for two-level localized ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).ACDF and posterior laminoplasty are performed for localized OPLL at the disc and vertebral body levels, respectively.Eighty six patients with two-level localized OPLL who underwent surgery from January 2011 to December 2016 were retrospectively investigated (41, ACDF group; 45, laminoplasty group). Clinical outcomes were reviewed, and radiologic results such as occupying ratio (OR), space available in the spinal cord, cranial and caudal OPLL-to-disc distance (ODD)/posterior body height (PBH) ratios, segmental angle, C2-C7 Cobb angle, T1 slope, C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), and range of motion were investigated.Patients were followed-up for an average of 42.7 ±â€Š10.5 months. Clinical outcomes, postoperative OR, and space available in the spinal cord were significantly improved at the final follow-up in both groups. Preoperatively, the OR and cranial and caudal ODD/PBH ratios were not significantly different between the groups. Compared to pre-operative values, differences in the segmental and C2-C7 Cobb angles at the final follow-up were statistically significant for the ACDF group (P < .05). The mean operative time, bleeding volume, and the duration of hospitalization were significantly lower in the ACDF group than in the laminoplasty group (P < .05). Complications occurred in 1 ACDF case and in 5 laminoplasty cases.Both ACDF and laminoplasty provided satisfactory clinical and radiologic outcomes for two-level localized OPLL. However, ACDF was associated with a lower operation time, bleeding loss, duration of hospitalization, and complications.


Assuntos
Discotomia , Laminoplastia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/cirurgia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral , Adulto , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Laminoplastia/métodos , Tempo de Internação , Ligamentos Longitudinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Longitudinais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/complicações , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237350, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare changes in foraminal motion at two time points post-surgery between artificial disc replacement (ADR) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: Eight ACDF and 6 ADR patients (all single-level C5-6) were tested at 2 years (T1) and 6.5 years (T2) post-surgery. The minimum foraminal height (FH.Min) and width (FW.Min) achieved during neck axial rotation and extension, and the range of these dimensions during motion (FH.Rn and FW.Rn, respectively) were measured using a biplane dynamic x-ray system, CT imaging and model-based tracking while patients performed neck axial rotation and extension tasks. Two-way mixed ANOVA was employed for analysis. RESULTS: In neck extension, significant interactions were found between year post-surgery and type of surgery for FW.Rn at C5-6 (p<0.006) and C6-7 (p<0.005), and for FH.Rn at C6-7 (p<0.01). Post-hoc analysis indicated decreases over time in FW.Rn for ACDF (p<0.01) and increases in FH.Rn for ADR (p<0.03) at the C6-7 adjacent level. At index level, FW.Rn was comparable between ACDF and ADR at T1, but was smaller for ACDF than for ADR at T2 (p<0.002). In axial rotation, differences were found between T1 and T2 but did not depend on type of surgery (p>0.7). CONCLUSIONS: Changes were observed in the range of foraminal geometry at adjacent levels from 2 years to 6.5 years post-surgery that were different between ACDF and ADR for neck extension. These changes are contrary to the notion that motion at adjacent levels continue to increase following ACDF as compared to ADR over the long term.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/fisiopatologia , Discotomia/efeitos adversos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Substituição Total de Disco/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Substituição Total de Disco/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1003-1009, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731818

RESUMO

AIMS: There is evidence that prior lumbar fusion increases the risk of dislocation and revision after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The relationship between prior lumbar fusion and the effect of femoral head diameter on THA dislocation has not been investigated. We examined the relationship between prior lumbar fusion or discectomy and the risk of dislocation or revision after THA. We also examined the effect of femoral head component diameter on the risk of dislocation or revision. METHODS: Data used in this study were compiled from several Finnish national health registers, including the Finnish Arthroplasty Register (FAR) which was the primary source for prosthesis-related data. Other registers used in this study included the Finnish Health Care Register (HILMO), the Social Insurance Institutions (SII) registers, and Statistics Finland. The study was conducted as a prospective retrospective cohort study. Cox proportional hazards regression and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were used for analysis. RESULTS: Prior lumbar fusion surgery was associated with increased risk of prosthetic dislocation (hazard ratio (HR) = 2.393, p < 0.001) and revision (HR = 1.528, p < 0.001). Head components larger than 28 mm were associated with lower dislocation rates compared to the 28 mm head (32 mm: HR = 0.712, p < 0.001; 36 mm: HR = 0.700, p < 0.001; 38 mm: HR = 0.808, p < 0.140; and 40 mm: HR = 0.421, p < 0.001). Heads of 38 mm (HR = 1.288, p < 0.001) and 40 mm (HR = 1.367, p < 0.001) had increased risk of revision compared to the 28 mm head. CONCLUSION: Lumbar fusion surgery was associated with higher rate of hip prosthesis dislocation and higher risk of revision surgery. Femoral head component of 32 mm (or larger) associates with lower risk of dislocation in patients with previous lumbar fusion. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1003-1009.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Finlândia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(8): 1062-1071, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731831

RESUMO

AIMS: To determine the effectiveness of prone traction radiographs in predicting postoperative slip distance, slip angle, changes in disc height, and lordosis after surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis of the lumbar spine. METHODS: A total of 63 consecutive patients with a degenerative spondylolisthesis and preoperative prone traction radiographs obtained since 2010 were studied. Slip distance, slip angle, disc height, segmental lordosis, and global lordosis (L1 to S1) were measured on preoperative lateral standing radiographs, flexion-extension lateral radiographs, prone traction lateral radiographs, and postoperative lateral standing radiographs. Patients were divided into two groups: posterolateral fusion or posterolateral fusion with interbody fusion. RESULTS: The mean changes in segmental lordosis and global lordosis were 7.1° (SD 6.7°) and 2.9° (SD 9.9°) respectively for the interbody fusion group, and 0.8° (SD 5.1°) and -0.4° (SD 10.1°) respectively for the posterolateral fusion-only group. Segmental lordosis (ρ = 0.794, p < 0.001) corrected by interbody fusion correlated best with prone traction radiographs. Global lumbar lordosis (ρ = 0.788, p < 0.001) correlated best with the interbody fusion group and preoperative lateral standing radiographs. The least difference in slip distance (-0.3 mm (SD 1.7 mm), p < 0.001), slip angle (0.9° (SD 5.2°), p < 0.001), and disc height (0.02 mm (SD 2.4 mm), p < 0.001) was seen between prone traction and postoperative radiographs. Regression analyses suggested that prone traction parameters best predicted correction of slip distance (Corrected Akaike's Information Criterion (AICc) = 37.336) and disc height (AICc = 58.096), while correction of slip angle (AICc = 26.453) was best predicted by extension radiographs. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) cut-off showed, with 68.3% sensitivity and 64.5% specificity, that to achieve a 3.0° increase in segmental lordotic angle, patients with a prone traction disc height of 8.5 mm needed an interbody fusion. CONCLUSION: Prone traction radiographs best predict the slip distance and disc height correction achieved by interbody fusion for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis. To achieve this maximum correction, interbody fusion should be undertaken if a disc height of more than 8.5 mm is attained on preoperative prone traction radiographs. Level of Evidence: Level II Prognostic Study Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(8):1062-1071.


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Espondilolistese/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilolistese/terapia , Tração/métodos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Posicionamento do Paciente , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Decúbito Ventral , Curva ROC , Radiografia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA