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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439117

RESUMO

Here, we describe three endosymbiotic bacterial strains isolated from the gills of the shipworm, Bankia setacea (Teredinidae: Bivalvia). These strains, designated as Bs08T, Bs12T and Bsc2T, are Gram-stain-negative, microaerobic, gammaproteobacteria that grow on cellulose and a variety of substrates derived from lignocellulose. Phenotypic characterization, phylogeny based on 16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequence data, amino acid identity and percentage of conserved proteins analyses, show that these strains are novel and may be assigned to the genus Teredinibacter. The three strains may be differentiated and distinguished from other previously described Teredinibacter species based on a combination of four characteristics: colony colour (Bs12T, purple; others beige to brown), marine salt requirement (Bs12T, Bsc2T and Teredinibacter turnerae strains), the capacity for nitrogen fixation (Bs08T and T. turnerae strains) and the ability to respire nitrate (Bs08T). Based on these findings, we propose the names Teredinibacter haidensis sp. nov. (type strain Bs08T=ATCC TSD-121T=KCTC 62964T), Teredinibacter purpureus sp. nov. (type strain Bs12T=ATCC TSD-122T=KCTC 62965T) and Teredinibacter franksiae sp. nov. (type strain Bsc2T=ATCC TSD-123T=KCTC 62966T).


Assuntos
Bivalves/microbiologia , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Brânquias/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Fixação de Nitrogênio , Oceano Pacífico , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Washington , Madeira
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480837

RESUMO

Four novel strains isolated from the cloacal contents of snow finches (Montifringilla taczanowskii) were characterized as aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, slightly motile, and rod-shaped. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain CF-458T had the highest similarities of 96.9 and 96.4 % with Limnobaculum parvum HYN0051T and Pragia fontium DSM 5563T, while strain CF-1111T shared the highest similarities of 96.4 and 96.1 % with Pantoea rodasii LMG 26273T and Pectobacterium punjabense SS95T. Phylogenomic analysis showed the four isolates were separated into group Ⅰ (CF-458T and CF-917) and group Ⅱ (CF-1111T and CF-509), and clustered independently in the vicinity of the genera Limnobaculum and Pragia. Summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c, 23.9 and 17.2 %, respectively), C16 : 0 (21.8 and 22.1 %, respectively) and C14 : 0 (10.6 and 17.7 %, respectively) were the common major fatty acids, and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c, 12.3 %) was also a major fatty acid for strain CF-458T while cyclo-C17 : 0 (13.1%) was for strain CF-1111T. Both had Q-8 as the sole quinone and contained phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and diphosphatidylglycerol as the major polar lipids. The DNA G+C content of strains CF-458T and CF-1111T was 45.7 and 45.4 mol%, respectively. Based on taxonomic position in the phylogenomic tree and phenotypic properties, two novel species of a new genus within the family Budviciaceae are thus proposed, with the name Jinshanibacter gen. nov., zhutongyuii sp. nov. (type strain CF-458T=CGMCC 1.16483T=GDMCC 1.1586T=JCM 33489T) and Jinshanibacter xujianqingii sp. nov. (type strain CF-1111T=CGMCC 1.16786T=GDMCC 1.1587T=JCM 33490T), respectively.


Assuntos
Cloaca/microbiologia , Tentilhões/microbiologia , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502305

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, motile, facultatively anaerobic rod-shaped bacterium with a polar flagellum, designated strain S7T was isolated from seawater sample collected at Uljin marina, in the East Sea of the Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain S7T was affiliated with members of genus Ferrimonas, showing the highest sequence similarities to the type strains Ferrimonas senticii P2S11T (95.7 %), Ferrimonas balearica PATT (95.7 %) and Ferrimonas pelagia CBA4601T (95.1 %). The genome was 4.13 Mbp with a DNA G+C content of 49.4 %. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) between S7T and F. senticii P2S11T and F. balearica PATT yielded ANI values of 71.9 and 70.7 %, and dDDH values of 15.1 and 13.9 %, respectively. The genome of S7T was predicted to encode triacylglycerol lipase, phospholipase A1/A2 and lysophospholipase as well as esterase involved in lipolytic processes. Growth was observed at 8-31 °C (optimum 27 °C), at pH 7-9 (optimum pH 7), and with 1-6 % NaCl (optimum 2 %). The respiratory quinones were MK-7 and Q-7 and the major fatty acids (>10 %) were C16 : 0, C16 : 1ω9c, C17 : 1ω8c, and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified phospholipids, and three unidentified lipids. On the basis of the results of this polyphasic analysis, it was determined that the strain represents a novel species of the genus Ferrimonas, for which the name Ferrimonas lipolytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S7T (=KCTC 72490T=JCM 33793T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Anaerobiose , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 4927-4934, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735535

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, Fe(III)-reducing, facultatively anaerobic, motile via a single polar flagellum, rod-shaped bacterial strains, designated IMCC35001T and IMCC35002T, were isolated from tidal flat sediment and seawater, respectively. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that IMCC35001T and IMCC35002T shared 96.6 % sequence similarity and were most closely related to Ferrimonas futtsuensis FUT3661T (98.6 %) and Ferrimonas kyonanensis Asr22-7T (96.8 %), respectively. Draft genome sequences of IMCC35001T and IMCC35002T revealed 4.0 and 4.8 Mbp of genome size with 61.0 and 51.8 mol% of DNA G+C content, respectively. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between the two strains were 73.1 and 19.8 %, respectively, indicating that they are separate species. The two genomes showed ≤84.4 % ANI and ≤27.8 % dDDH to other species of the genus Ferrimonas, suggesting that the two strains each represent novel species. The two strains contained both menaquinone (MK-7) and ubiquinones (Q-7 and Q-8). Major fatty acids of strain IMCC35001T were iso-C15 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9c, C17 : 1 ω8c and C16 : 0 and those of strain IMCC35002 T were C18 : 1 ω9c, C16 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). Major polar lipids in both strains were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified phospholipid, unidentified aminophospholipid and unidentified lipids. The two strains reduced Fe(III) citrate, Fe(III) oxyhydroxide, Mn(IV) oxide and sodium selenate but did not reduce sodium sulfate. They were also differentiated by several phenotypic characteristics. Based on the polyphasic taxonomic data, IMCC35001T and IMCC35002T were considered to represent each novel species in the genus Ferrimonas, for which the names Ferrimonas sediminicola sp. nov. (IMCC35001T=KACC 21161T=NBRC 113699T) and Ferrimonas aestuarii (IMCC35002T=KACC 21162T=NBRC 113700T) sp. nov. are proposed.


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Compostos Férricos/metabolismo , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4610-4615, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658636

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, gliding and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated strain C33T, was isolated from Yuncheng Salt Lake, Shanxi, PR China. Strain C33T grows optimally at 37 °C, pH 7.5 and 5.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Cells of strain C33T are 0.3-0.5 µm wide and 1.0-2.0 µm long, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. The major cellular fatty acids are iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The sole respiratory quinone is Q-8. The major polar lipids include phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid, one unidentified glycolipid and four unidentified lipids. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicate that strain C33T has the highest similarities to Wenzhouxiangella marina KCTC 42284T (97.4 %), Wenzhouxiangella sediminis XDB06T (96.5 %) and 'Wenzhouxiangella salilacus' MCCC 1K03442T (95.2 %). The percentage of conserved proteins and average amino acid identity values between strain C33T and its close related species are higher than the threshold for dividing genera, the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values are well below the threshold limits for species delineation. The genomic DNA G+C content is 63.7 mol%. Based on the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain C33T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Wenzhouxiangella, for which the name Wenzhouxiangella limi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is C33T (=MCCC 1H00413T=KCTC 72874T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8497, 2020 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32444702

RESUMO

For the last decades, forensic microbiology became an emerging complementary tool in criminalistics. Although the insect-microbe interactions regarding pathogen transmission were extensively studied, only scarce information is available on bacterial transfer from necrophagous insects to host tissues. Our data provides the first report on the occurrence of Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica and Ignatzschineria indica in Lucilia illustris Meigen, 1826 (Diptera: Calliphoridae), and the quantitative dynamics of the two bacterial species along the insect life-stages and transfer to beef and pork host tissues using qPCR gyrase b specific primers. The content of both bacterial species increased along the insect life stages. W. chitiniclastica was detected in all developmental stages independent of the feeding substrate. I. indica was measurable with 102 gene copies ng-1 DNA threshold starting from the third instar larvae when feeding on beef, and from the egg stage with a 102× higher representation when using the pork substrate. The transfer of bacterial species to both tissues occurred after 3 colonization days except for I. indica that was visible in beef liver only during day 5. Considering the utilization of pork tissues as human analogues, these quantitative microbial dynamics data provides first insect-specific bacterial candidates as potential colonization biomarkers in forensic investigations.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Biomarcadores/análise , DNA Girase/genética , DNA Bacteriano/análise , Dípteros/microbiologia , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Bovinos , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Dípteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dípteros/metabolismo , Ciências Forenses , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/metabolismo
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3427-3432, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375976

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, aerobic, curved rod-shaped bacterium, designed strain R142T, was isolated from a coralline algae Tricleocarpa sp. in the Beibu Gulf, China. Optimal growth occurred with 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl, at 25 °C and at pH 8. Global alignment based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain R142T shared 93.8 % similarity with its closest type strain, Pseudomaricurvus alkylphenolicus KU14GT. Phylogenetic analyses showed that strain R142T forms a distinct branch alongside Maricurvus nonylphenolicus KU41ET, Pseudoteredinibacter isoporae SW-11T, Pseudomaricurvus alkylphenolicus KU14GT, Pseudomaricurvus alcaniphilus MEBiC06469T and Aestuariicella hydrocarbonica SM-6T. The major polar lipids of strain R142T were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. The primary cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, C16 : 1ω7c, C18 : 1ω7c, C18 : 0 and C14 : 0. The genome DNA G+C ratio was 56.4 mol%. The only detected respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 8. The low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and differences in cellular fatty acids readily distinguished strain R142T from all validly published type strains. Strain R142T is therefore suggested to represent a novel species of a new genus, for which the name Exilibacterium tricleocarpae gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Exilibacterium tricleocarpae is R142T (=MCCC 1K03816T=KCTC 72138T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Rodófitas/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 6746, 2020 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317769

RESUMO

With the increase in iron/steel production, the higher volume of by-products (slag) generated necessitates its efficient recycling. Because the Linz-Donawitz (LD) slag is rich in silicon (Si) and other fertilizer components, we aim to evaluate the impact of the LD slag amendment on soil quality (by measuring soil physicochemical and biological properties), plant nutrient uptake, and strengthens correlations between nutrient uptake and soil bacterial communities. We used 16 S rRNA illumine sequencing to study soil bacterial community and APIZYM assay to study soil enzymes involved in C, N, and P cycling. The LD slag was applied at 2 Mg ha-1 to Japonica and Indica rice cultivated under flooded conditions. The LD slag amendment significantly improved soil pH, plant photosynthesis, soil nutrient availability, and the crop yield, irrespective of cultivars. It significantly increased N, P, and Si uptake of rice straw. The slag amendment enhanced soil microbial biomass, soil enzyme activities and enriched certain bacterial taxa featuring copiotrophic lifestyles and having the potential role for ecosystem services provided to the benefit of the plant. The study evidenced that the short-term LD slag amendment in rice cropping systems is useful to improve soil physicochemical and biological status, and the crop yield.


Assuntos
Fertilizantes/análise , Consórcios Microbianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oryza/efeitos dos fármacos , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Resíduos/análise , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Betaproteobacteria/classificação , Betaproteobacteria/genética , Betaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Ciclo do Carbono/fisiologia , Deltaproteobacteria/classificação , Deltaproteobacteria/genética , Deltaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Firmicutes/classificação , Firmicutes/genética , Firmicutes/isolamento & purificação , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Ferro/metabolismo , Ferro/farmacologia , Metalurgia/métodos , Consórcios Microbianos/fisiologia , Ciclo do Nitrogênio/fisiologia , Oryza/microbiologia , Oryza/fisiologia , Fósforo/fisiologia , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Raízes de Plantas/fisiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Silício/metabolismo , Silício/farmacologia , Solo/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Aço/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2703-2712, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141808

RESUMO

Eight genetically related, Gram-negative bacterial strains, isolated from clinical specimens between 2012 and 2016, were submitted to arup Laboratories for species identification. The lack of species- or genus-level matches in curated 16S rRNA gene databases prompted us to undertake the polyphasic characterization of these so far undescribed organisms. Six isolates available for additional testing were oxidase negative, catalase positive, pleomorphic, Gram-negative rods displaying temperature-dependent motility and producing yellow-pigmented colonies with three distinct morphotypes: medium-sized shiny, large mucoid and agar-pitting. Biochemical reactions and sugar fermentation patterns were most similar to members of the genus Serratia. Fatty acid profiles were highly similar across all six organisms, with the major components being: C16 : 0; C17 : 0 cyclo; C14 : 0 3-OH/iso-C16 : 1 I; C18 : 1 ω7c; and C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c. Whole-genome comparisons and multi locus sequence analysis (using the coding genes atpD, rpoB, gyrB and infB) suggest that the strains here described constitute three individual species within a novel genus related to the family Yersiniaceae. We propose for this novel taxon the name Chimaeribacter gen. nov., referring to the presentation of multiple characteristics typical of distinct Enterobacterales genera within a single organism. Four isolates are representative of a single species: Chimaeribacter arupi sp. nov (2016-Iso1, 2016-Iso2, type strain 2016-Iso3T=DSM 110101T=ATCC TSD-180T and 2013-Iso5). The remaining two isolates constitute the novel species Chimaeribacter coloradensis sp. nov. (type strain 2016-Iso4T=DSM 110102T=ATCC TSD-182T) and Chimaeribacter californicus sp. nov. (type strain 2015-Iso6T=DSM 110100T=ATCC TSD-181T). Our work provides the first formal characterization of the genus Chimaeribacter and forms the basis to study its taxonomic diversity.


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2988, 2020 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32076066

RESUMO

Crohn's disease causes chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract and its pathogenesis remains unclear. In the intestine of Crohn's disease patients, CD14+CD11+CD163low macrophages contribute to inflammation through the induction of Th17 cells and production of inflammatory cytokines; the CD14+CD11c+163high fraction is anti-inflammatory through the production of IL-10 in normal cases. In this report, the 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing method was used to identify bacteria that are specifically present in intestinal CD14+CD11c+ macrophages of Crohn's disease patients. Bacteria present in intestinal CD14+CD11c+ macrophages and mucus of Crohn's disease patients were separated into different clusters in principal coordinates analysis. There was a statistically significant increase in the relative composition of CD14+CD11c+ macrophages from mucus in two phyla (Proteobacteria [p = 0.01] and Actinobacteria [p = 0.02]) and two families (Moraxellaceae [p < 0.001] and Pseudomonadaceae [p = 0.01]). In addition, OTU-1: Acinetobacter and OTU-8: Pseudomonadaceae tended to concentrate in the CD14+CD11c+CD163low subset, whereas OTU-10: Proteus, OTU-15: Collinsella tended to concentrate more in the CD14+CD11c+CD163high subset than the other subset and mucus.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn/microbiologia , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Íleo/microbiologia , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doença de Crohn/imunologia , Doença de Crohn/patologia , Doença de Crohn/cirurgia , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/imunologia , Humanos , Íleo/citologia , Íleo/imunologia , Íleo/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/citologia , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Receptores de Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Adulto Jovem
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2239-2246, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043957

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, moderately halophilic and facultatively aerobic bacterium, designated strain GTF13T, was isolated from a sea tidal flat. Cells were curved rods and motile by a single polar flagellum showing catalase and oxidase activities. Growth was observed at 20-37 °C, pH 5.0-8.5 and 1.0-6.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain GTF13T contained C16:0, summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1 ω6c/C16 : 1 ω7c), summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : 1 ω6c/C18 : 1 ω7c) and C12 : 0 3-OH as major fatty acids and ubiquinone-9 and ubiquinone-8 as major quinones. Phosphatidylethanolamine and two unidentified phospholipids were detected as major polar lipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 59.8 mol%. Strain GTF13T was most closely related to Simiduia agarivorans SA1T, Endozoicomonas montiporae CL-33T and Pseudomonas segetis FR1439T, belonging to different families or orders of the class Gammaproteobacteria, with less than 92.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain GTF13T formed a phylogenetic lineage with the family Litoricolaceae, but the genome-based phylogenomic tree showed that strain GTF13T formed a distinct phylogenetic lineage within the order Oceanospirillales. The very low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities and distinct phylogenetic relationships, together with distinct phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties, served to differentiate strain GTF13T from phylogenetically closely related families. Here, strain GTF13T is proposed as a novel genus and species, for which the name Aestuariirhabdus litorea gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed, within a new family Aestuariirhabdaceae fam. nov. of the order Oceanospirillales. The type strain is GTF13T (=KACC 19788T=JCM 32043T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2194-2203, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100687

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, motile by gliding, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain GH4-78T, was isolated from the tidal mudflat of a beach in the Republic of Korea. Cells were aerobic, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and produced cream-coloured colonies. Q-8 was the only isoprenoid quinone. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c and/or C16 : 1 ω7c) and C16 : 0. The major polar lipids are phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Results of phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain GH4-78T formed a distinct lineage with Halioglobus sediminis (98.2 % sequence similarity). The DNA G+C content was 59.9 mol%. The average nucleotide identity value with the closest relative was 82.90 %. On the basis of the results from phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses, strain GH4-78T (=KCTC 62383T=DSM 106349T) represents a novel species of a new genus in the family Halieaceae, for which the name Seongchinamella unica gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. Moreover, the transfers of Halioglobus sediminis Han et al. 2019 to Seongchinamella sediminis comb. nov. and Halioglobus lutimaris Shi et al. 2018 to Pseudohalioglobus gen. nov. as Pseudohalioglobus lutimaris comb. nov. are also proposed, with the emended description of the genus Halioglobus.


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(4): 2388-2394, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100688

RESUMO

A cellulolytic, aerobic, gammaproteobacterium, designated strain Bs02T, was isolated from the gills of a marine wood-boring mollusc, Bankia setacea (Bivalvia: Teredinidae). The cells are Gram-stain-negative, slightly curved motile rods (2-5×0.4-0.6 µm) that bear a single polar flagellum and are capable of heterotrophic growth in a simple mineral medium supplemented with cellulose as a sole source of carbon and energy. Cellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, xylan, cellobiose and a variety of sugars also support growth. Strain Bs02T requires combined nitrogen for growth. Temperature, pH and salinity optima (range) for growth were 20 °C (range, 10-30 °C), 8.0 (pH 6.5-8.5) and 0.5 M NaCl (range, 0.0-0.8 M), respectively when grown on 0.5 % (w/v) galactose. Strain Bs02T does not require magnesium and calcium ion concentrations reflecting the proportions found in seawater. The genome size is approximately 4.03 Mbp and the DNA G+C content of the genome is 47.8 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, and on conserved protein-coding sequences, show that strain Bs02T forms a well-supported clade with Teredinibacter turnerae. Average nucleotide identity and percentage of conserved proteins differentiate strain Bs02T from Teredinibacter turnerae at threshold values exceeding those proposed to distinguish bacterial species but not genera. These results indicate that strain Bs02T represents a novel species in the previously monotypic genus Teredinibacter for which the name Teredinibacter waterburyi sp. nov. is proposed. The strain has been deposited under accession numbers ATCC TSD-120T and KCTC 62963T.


Assuntos
Bivalves/microbiologia , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Brânquias/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Madeira
14.
J Microbiol ; 58(2): 92-98, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993984

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative strictly aerobic, short-rod-shaped, and non-motile bacterial strain designated HSLHS9T was isolated from surface seawater collected from the South China Sea. Strain HSLHS9T could grow at 15-41°C (optimum 28°C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum 6.0-7.0), and in 0-7% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2-3%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain HSLHS9T shared high identities with the closely related Parahaliea aestuarii S2-26T (98.6%) and Parahaliea mediterranea 7SM29T (97.8%) and formed a distinct lineage within the genus Parahaliea. Wholegenome sequencing of strain HSLHS9T revealed the size of 4.8 Mbp and DNA G + C content of 61.8 mol%. Strain HSLHS9T shared the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of 22.4% and 23.0%, and the average nucleotide identities of 79.7% and 79.9%, respectively, with the two type strains above. The predominant cellular fatty acids of the strain were summed feature 8 (C18:1ω6c and/or C18:1ω7c), summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), C17:1ω8c, and C16:0. The sole isoprenoid quinone was identified as Q-8. The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, aminolipid, and two glycolipids. Based on taxonomic data obtained in this study, it is suggested that strain HSLHS9T represents a novel species of the genus Parahaliea, for which the name Parahaliea maris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HSLHS9T (= MCCC 1A06717T = KCTC 52307T). An emended description of the genus Parahaliea is also provided.


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Classificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/metabolismo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1868-1875, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985391

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, non-flagellated, chemoheterotrophic bacterium, designated IMCC14385T, was isolated from surface seawater of the East Sea, Republic of Korea. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that IMCC14385T represented a member of the genus Halioglobus sharing 94.6-97.8 % similarities with species of the genus. Whole-genome sequencing of IMCC14385T revealed a genome size of 4.3 Mbp and DNA G+C content of 56.7 mol%. The genome of IMCC14385T shared an average nucleotide identity of 76.6 % and digital DNA-DNA hybridization value of 21.6 % with the genome of Halioglobus japonicus KCTC 23429T. The genome encoded the complete poly-ß-hydroxybutyrate biosynthesis pathway. The strain contained summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and C17 : 1 ω8c as the predominant cellular fatty acids as well as ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) as the respiratory quinone. The polar lipids detected in the strain were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, five unidentified phospholipids, an unidentified aminolipid, an unidentified aminophospholipid and four unidentified lipids. On the basis of taxonomic data obtained in this study, it is suggested that IMCC14385T represents a novel species of the genus Halioglobus, for which the name Halioglobus maricola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is IMCC14385T (=KCTC 72520T=NBRC 114072T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Tamanho do Genoma , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
16.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(5): 707-717, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950303

RESUMO

Here we investigated the diversity of bacterial communities from deep-sea surface sediments under influence of asphalt seeps at the Sao Paulo Plateau using next-generation sequencing method. Sampling was performed at North São Paulo Plateau using the human occupied vehicle Shinkai 6500 and her support vessel Yokosuka. The microbial diversity was studied at two surficial sediment layers (0-1 and 1-4 cm) of five samples collected in cores in water depths ranging from 2456 to 2728 m. Bacterial communities were studied through sequencing of 16S rRNA gene on the Ion Torrent platform and clustered in operational taxonomic units. We observed high diversity of bacterial sediment communities as previously described by other studies. When we considered community composition, the most abundant classes were Alphaproteobacteria (27.7%), Acidimicrobiia (20%), Gammaproteobacteria (11.3%) and Deltaproteobacteria (6.6%). Most abundant OTUs at family level were from two uncultured bacteria from Actinomarinales (5.95%) and Kiloniellaceae (3.17%). The unexpected high abundance of Alphaproteobacteria and Acidimicrobiia in our deep-sea microbial communities may be related to the presence of asphalt seep at North São Paulo Plateau, since these bacterial classes contain bacteria that possess the capability of metabolizing hydrocarbon compounds.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Metagenoma , Microbiota/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Alphaproteobacteria/genética , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Biodiversidade , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Deltaproteobacteria/classificação , Deltaproteobacteria/genética , Deltaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Metagenômica/métodos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Microbiologia da Água
17.
J Appl Microbiol ; 128(6): 1703-1719, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950553

RESUMO

AIMS: Dickeya species are high consequence plant pathogenic bacteria; associated with potato disease outbreaks and subsequent economic losses worldwide. Early, accurate and reliable detection of Dickeya spp. is needed to prevent establishment and further dissemination of this pathogen. Therefore, a multiplex TaqMan qPCR was developed for sensitive detection of Dickeya spp. and specifically, Dickeya dianthicola. METHODS AND RESULTS: A signature genomic region for the genus Dickeya (mglA/mglC) and unique genomic region for D. dianthicola (alcohol dehydrogenase) were identified using a whole genome-based comparative genomics approach. The developed multiplex TaqMan qPCR was validated using extensive inclusivity and exclusivity panels, and naturally/artificially infected samples to confirm broad range detection capability and specificity. Both sensitivity and spiked assays showed a detection limit of 10 fg DNA. CONCLUSION: The developed multiplex assay is sensitive and reliable to detect Dickeya spp. and D. dianthicola with no false positives or false negatives. It was able to detect mixed infection from naturally and artificially infected plant materials. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The developed assay will serve as a practical tool for screening of propagative material, monitoring the presence and distribution, and quantification of target pathogens in a breeding programme. The assay also has applications in routine diagnostics, biosecurity and microbial forensics.


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Genômica , Limite de Detecção , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Solanum tuberosum/microbiologia , Especificidade da Espécie
18.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 43(2): 126052, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932140

RESUMO

Acute oak decline (AOD) affects native UK oak species causing rapid decline and mortality in as little as five years. A major symptom of AOD is black weeping stem lesions associated with bacterial phytopathogens, Brenneria goodwinii and Gibbsiella quercinecans. However, there is limited knowledge on the ecological and environmental reservoirs of these phytopathogens. Rainwater and soils are common reservoirs of plant pathogens in a forest environment; therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the survival of B. goodwinii and G. quercinecans in vitro when inoculated into rainwater and forest soil using a combination of agar-based colony counts and gyrB gene-targeted quantitative PCR (qPCR). Brenneria goodwinii lost viability on inoculation into soil and rainwater, but was detectable at low abundance in soil for 28 days using qPCR, suggesting a limited ability to persist outside of the host, potentially in a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state. Conversely, Gibbsiella quercinecans, was re-isolated from rainwater for the entire duration of the experiment (84 days) and was re-isolated from forest soil after 28 days, with qPCR analysis corroborating these trends. These data demonstrate that B. goodwinii is unable to survive in forest soils and rainwater, suggesting that it may be an endosymbiont of oak trees, whereas G. quercinecans remains viable in soil and rainwater biomes, suggesting a broad ecological distribution. These data advance understanding of the potential epidemiology of AOD-associated bacteria and their ecological reservoirs, thus increasing the overall knowledge of the pathology of AOD, which assists the development of future management strategies.


Assuntos
Enterobacteriaceae/fisiologia , Florestas , Gammaproteobacteria/fisiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Quercus/microbiologia , Chuva/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Enterobacteriaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Enterobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Gammaproteobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Viabilidade Microbiana , Especificidade da Espécie
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1079-1085, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860426

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, flagellated and spiral-shaped bacterium, designated WDS2A16AT was isolated from a marine solar saltern in Weihai, PR China. Growth was observed at 20-40 °C (optimal 33-37 °C), 1-15 % (w/v) NaCl (optimal 3-4 %) and pH 6.0-9.0 (optimal pH 7.5). Major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were C18 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0. Phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified glycolipid were detected as the predominant polar lipids. The sole respiratory quinone was Q-8. The DNA G+C content of strain WDS2A16AT was 48.5 mol%. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of WDS2A16AT with other species were less than 91 %. The average nucleotide identity, in silico DNA-DNA hybridization and amino acid identity of strain WDS2A16AT with the most related strain Gynuella sunshinyii YC6258 T were 66.1, 19.3 and 48.1 %, respectively. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences and phenotypic characterization indicated that strain WDS2A16AT represents a novel species in a new genus, for which the name Salinibius halmophilus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is WDS2A16AT (=KCTC 52225T=MCCC 1H00139T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Salinidade , Microbiologia da Água , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
20.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(4): 449-458, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701358

RESUMO

A Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-weakly positive bacterial strain with polar or subpolar flagellum, designated RZ04T, was isolated from an intertidal sand sample collected from a coastal area of the Yellow Sea, China. The organism was observed to grow optimally at 25 °C and pH 6.5-7.0 with 2% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain RZ04T was closely related to Colwellia asteriadis (similarity 96.9%) and Litorilituus sediminis (similarity 96.8%), and 94.4-96.4% sequence similarities to other type strains of species of the genera belonged to the family Colwelliaceae. The dominant fatty acids of strain RZ04T were determined to be C17:1ω8c, C15:1ω8c, C16:0 and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c), and the predominant isoprenoid quinone was determined to be quinone 8 (Q-8). Phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified aminophospholipid and four unidentified lipids were determined to be the major constituents of the polar lipids. The genome of strain RZ04T is 4.14 Mbp with a G + C content of 37.4 mol%. A total of 3631 genes are predicted, with 3531 protein-coding genes, 75 RNA genes and 25 pseudogenes. Based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analysis, strain RZ04T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Litorilituus, for which the name Litorilituus lipolyticus is proposed. The type strain is RZ04T (= MCCC 1K03616T = KCTC 62835T). An emended description of Colwellia asteriadis is also provided.


Assuntos
Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Alteromonadaceae/genética , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Oceanos e Mares , Filogenia , Areia , Especificidade da Espécie
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