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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5081-5090, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878796

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive type of breast cancer with limited targets for chemotherapy. This study evaluated the inhibitory effects of novel imidazo[2,1-b]oxazole-based rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma (RAF) inhibitors, KIST0215-1 and KIST0215-2, on epithelial cell transformation and TNBC tumorigenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunoblotting, BrdU incorporation assay, reporter gene assay, and soft agar assay analyses were performed. In vivo effects were studied using the BALB/c mouse xenograft model. RESULTS: KIST0215-1 and KIST0215-2 inhibited the RAFs-MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signalling pathway induced by EGF in MDA-MB-231 cells, which inhibited c-fos transcriptional activity and activator protein-1 transactivation activity. KIST0215-1 and KIST0215-2 also prevented neoplastic transformation of JB6 C141 mouse epidermal cells induced by EGF and consistently suppressed the growth of tumours formed by 4T1 cells in BALB/c mice. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of RAF kinases using KIST0215-1 and KIST0215-2 is a promising chemotherapeutic strategy to treat TNBC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/etiologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Imidazóis/química , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
2.
Virology ; 548: 226-235, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771769

RESUMO

Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is a global problem that results in significant economic losses to the livestock industry. We developed three virus strains by inserting the HiBiT reporter tag from NanoLuc luciferase (NLuc) into limited sites within BLV molecular clones. Initial analysis for site selection of the tag insertion revealed a permissible site immediately downstream of the viral envelope gene. Therefore, NLuc activity could be used to measure virus copy numbers in the supernatant and the levels of cell infection. Productivity and growth kinetics of the reporter virus were similar to those of the wild-type strain; therefore, the reporter virus can be used to characterize the replication of chimeric viruses as well as responses to the antiviral drug, amprenavir. Collectively, our results suggest that the BLV reporter virus with a HiBiT tag insertion is a highly versatile system for various purposes such as evaluating virus replication and antiviral drugs.


Assuntos
Vírus da Leucemia Bovina/genética , Animais , Antivirais/farmacologia , Genes Reporter , Vírus da Leucemia Bovina/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Leucemia Bovina/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Vírus da Leucemia Bovina/fisiologia , Luciferases/análise , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/metabolismo , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0233583, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735619

RESUMO

Mutations that cause Huntington's Disease involve a polyglutamine (polyQ) sequence expansion beyond 35 repeats in exon 1 of Huntingtin. Intracellular inclusion bodies of mutant Huntingtin protein are a key feature of Huntington's disease brain pathology. We previously showed that in cell culture the formation of inclusions involved the assembly of disordered structures of mHtt exon 1 fragments (Httex1) and they were enriched with translational machinery when first formed. We hypothesized that nascent mutant Httex1 chains co-aggregate during translation by phase separation into liquid-like disordered aggregates and then convert to more rigid, amyloid structures. Here we further examined the mechanisms of inclusion assembly in a human epithelial kidney (AD293) cell culture model. We found mHttex1 did not appear to stall translation of its own nascent chain, or at best was marginal. We also found the inclusions appeared to recruit low levels of RNA but there was no difference in enrichment between early formed and mature inclusions. Proteins involved in translation or ribosome quality control were co-recruited to the inclusions (Ltn1 Rack1) compared to a protein not anticipated to be involved (NACAD), but there was no major specificity of enrichment in the early formed inclusions compared to mature inclusions. Furthermore, we observed co-aggregation with other proteins previously identified in inclusions, including Upf1 and chaperone-like proteins Sgta and Hspb1, which also suppressed aggregation at high co-expression levels. The newly formed inclusions also contained immobile mHttex1 molecules which points to the disordered aggregates being mechanically rigid prior to amyloid formation. Collectively our findings show little evidence that inclusion assembly arises by a discrete clustering of stalled nascent chains and associated quality control machinery. Instead, the machinery appear to be recruited continuously, or secondarily, to the nucleation of inclusion formation.


Assuntos
Éxons/genética , Proteína Huntingtina/genética , Elongação Traducional da Cadeia Peptídica , Agregados Proteicos/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Células Epiteliais , Genes Reporter , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Proteína Huntingtina/biossíntese , Corpos de Inclusão/genética , Corpos de Inclusão/metabolismo , Repetições Minissatélites , Peptídeos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo
4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3847, 2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737299

RESUMO

Reporter systems are routinely used in plant genetic engineering and functional genomics research. Most such plant reporter systems cause accumulation of foreign proteins. Here, we demonstrate a protein-independent reporter system, 3WJ-4 × Bro, based on a fluorescent RNA aptamer. Via transient expression assays in both Escherichia coli and Nicotiana benthamiana, we show that 3WJ-4 × Bro is suitable for transgene identification and as an mRNA reporter for expression pattern analysis. Following stable transformation in Arabidopsis thaliana, 3WJ-4 × Bro co-segregates and co-expresses with target transcripts and is stably inherited through multiple generations. Further, 3WJ-4 × Bro can be used to visualize virus-mediated RNA delivery in plants. This study demonstrates a protein-independent reporter system that can be used for transgene identification and in vivo dynamic analysis of mRNA.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Brassica/genética , Engenharia Genética/métodos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Tabaco/genética , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Compostos de Benzil/química , Brassica/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Imidazolinas/química , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Tabaco/metabolismo , Transformação Genética
5.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3834, 2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737309

RESUMO

The transcriptional inducer anhydrotetracycline (aTc) and the bacteriostatic antibiotic tetracycline (Tc) are commonly used in all fields of biology for control of transcription or translation. A drawback of these and other small molecule inducers is the difficulty of their removal from cell cultures, limiting their application for dynamic control. Here, we describe a simple method to overcome this limitation, and show that the natural photosensitivity of aTc/Tc can be exploited to turn them into highly predictable optogenetic transcriptional- and growth-regulators. This new optogenetic class uniquely features both dynamic and setpoint control which act via population-memory adjustable through opto-chemical modulation. We demonstrate this method by applying it for dynamic gene expression control and for enhancing the performance of an existing optogenetic system. We then expand the utility of the aTc system by constructing a new chemical bandpass filter that increases its aTc response range. The simplicity of our method enables scientists and biotechnologists to use their existing systems employing aTc/Tc for dynamic optogenetic experiments without genetic modification.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Optogenética/métodos , Biossíntese de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Síntese de Proteínas/farmacologia , Tetraciclina/farmacologia , Tetraciclinas/farmacologia , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Clonagem Molecular , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Vetores Genéticos/química , Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Fotólise , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Raios Ultravioleta
6.
PLoS Biol ; 18(8): e3000762, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760088

RESUMO

Centrosomes, the main microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs) of metazoan cells, contain an older "mother" and a younger "daughter" centriole. Stem cells either inherit the mother or daughter-centriole-containing centrosome, providing a possible mechanism for biased delivery of cell fate determinants. However, the mechanisms regulating centrosome asymmetry and biased centrosome segregation are unclear. Using 3D-structured illumination microscopy (3D-SIM) and live-cell imaging, we show in fly neural stem cells (neuroblasts) that the mitotic kinase Polo and its centriolar protein substrate Centrobin (Cnb) accumulate on the daughter centriole during mitosis, thereby generating molecularly distinct mother and daughter centrioles before interphase. Cnb's asymmetric localization, potentially involving a direct relocalization mechanism, is regulated by Polo-mediated phosphorylation, whereas Polo's daughter centriole enrichment requires both Wdr62 and Cnb. Based on optogenetic protein mislocalization experiments, we propose that the establishment of centriole asymmetry in mitosis primes biased interphase MTOC activity, necessary for correct spindle orientation.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Centríolos/metabolismo , Centrossomo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Mitose , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Centríolos/ultraestrutura , Centrossomo/ultraestrutura , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/citologia , Drosophila melanogaster/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Genes Reporter , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Interfase , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Optogenética/métodos , Fosforilação , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
7.
Extremophiles ; 24(5): 773-785, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749548

RESUMO

Haloarchaea have evolved to thrive in hypersaline environments. Haloferax volcanii is of particular interest due to its genetic tractability; however, few in vivo reporters exist for halophiles. Haloarchaeal proteins evolved characteristics that promote proper folding and function at high salt concentrations, but many mesophilic reporter proteins lack these characteristics. Mesophilic proteins that acquire salt-stabilizing mutations, however, can lead to proper function in haloarchaea. Using laboratory-directed evolution, we developed and demonstrated an in vivo luciferase that functions in the hypersaline cytosol of H. volcanii.


Assuntos
Haloferax volcanii , Proteínas Luminescentes , Salinidade , Genes Reporter , Haloferax volcanii/metabolismo , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo
8.
Life Sci ; 258: 118176, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771556

RESUMO

AIMS: We investigated the anti-inflammatory activity of 3ß-hydroxycholest-5-en-7-one from Hippocampus trimaculatus leach and provided a theoretical basis for identifying its therapeutic targets. MAIN METHODS: Small-RNA libraries were constructed for untreated control RAW 264.7 cells and cells treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1.0 µg/mL) or 10 µM 3ß-hydroxycholest-5-en-7-one +1.0 µg/mL LPS. We constructed and tested a miR-98-5p-interfering lentivirus to evaluate the role of miR-98-5p in the 3ß-hydroxycholest-5-en-7-one-dependent regulation of inflammatory responses in LPS-induced macrophage and murine inflammation models. The small-RNA libraries were analyzed using high-throughput sequencing. KEY FINDINGS: Among the differentially expressed microRNAs, miR-98-5p showed the most significant difference. Bioinformatics tools were used to identify the potential regulatory targets of miR-98-5p, which were tested using dual-luciferase reporter assays. Our results demonstrated that 3ß-hydroxycholest-5-en-7-one exerted an anti-inflammatory effect via miR-98-5p, which negatively regulated the expression of its target gene TNFAIP3. The results indicate that miR-98-5p interference and 3ß-hydroxycholest-5-en-7-one treatment significantly upregulated the low TNFAIP3 expression induced by LPS stimulation, thereby inhibiting TRAF6, RIP, NF-κB, IL-1ß, and TNF-α secretion. SIGNIFICANCE: 3ß-Hydroxycholest-5-en-7-one alleviates inflammation by downregulating miR-98-5p and upregulating TNFAIP3, thereby blocking NF-κB pathway activation. These results reveal the specific anti-inflammatory mechanism of 3ß-hydroxycholest-5-en-7-one, providing a foundation for developing new drugs and identifying drug targets.


Assuntos
Colestenonas/farmacologia , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Inflamação/patologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Smegmamorpha/metabolismo , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Animais , Colestenonas/química , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Genes Reporter , Inflamação/genética , Lentivirus/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Luciferases/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , MicroRNAs/genética , Células RAW 264.7 , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
PLoS Biol ; 18(8): e3000792, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745129

RESUMO

A ubiquitous feature of the circadian clock across life forms is its organization as a network of cellular oscillators, with individual cellular oscillators within the network often exhibiting considerable heterogeneity in their intrinsic periods. The interaction of coupling and heterogeneity in circadian clock networks is hypothesized to influence clock's entrainability, but our knowledge of mechanisms governing period heterogeneity within circadian clock networks remains largely elusive. In this study, we aimed to explore the principles that underlie intercellular period variation in circadian clock networks (clonal period heterogeneity). To this end, we employed a laboratory selection approach and derived a panel of 25 clonal cell populations exhibiting circadian periods ranging from 22 to 28 h. We report that a single parent clone can produce progeny clones with a wide distribution of circadian periods, and this heterogeneity, in addition to being stochastically driven, has a heritable component. By quantifying the expression of 20 circadian clock and clock-associated genes across our clone panel, we found that inheritance of expression patterns in at least three clock genes might govern clonal period heterogeneity in circadian clock networks. Furthermore, we provide evidence suggesting that heritable epigenetic variation in gene expression regulation might underlie period heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Proteínas CLOCK/genética , Relógios Circadianos/genética , Ritmo Circadiano/genética , Epigênese Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Animais , Proteínas CLOCK/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Clonais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Padrões de Herança , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Processos Estocásticos
10.
Int Heart J ; 61(4): 806-814, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728001

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the function of miR-24 in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) -induced cardiomyocyte injury.We constructed a cardiomyocyte model of H/R using the primary cardiomyocytes isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats. To explore the role of miR-24, cells were transfected with a miR-24 mimic or miR-24 inhibitor. The RNA expression levels of miR-24 and Mapk14 were determined using qRT-PCR. The proliferation and apoptosis of cells were determined using a CCK8 assay and a flow cytometer. The TargetScan website was used to predict the targets of miR-24. A dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was conducted to verify whether Mapk14 is indeed a target of miR-24. A Western blot was applied for protein detection.H/R exposure decreased the expression of miR-24 in rat cardiomyocytes. Transfection of the miR-24 mimic into cardiomyocytes reduced H/R-induced injury as evidenced by an increase in proliferation and a decrease in the apoptotic rate. By contrast, transfection of the miR-24 inhibitor aggravated H/R-induced injury. The expression of Bcl-2 was increased while the levels of Bax and Active-caspase 3 were reduced in the H/R+miR-24 mimic group compared to those in the H/R group. H/R+miR-24 inhibitor group showed the opposite results. Mapk14 was identified as a target of miR-24. The mRNA level of Mapk14 and its protein (p38 MAPK) level were negatively affected by miR-24. Furthermore, we discovered that depletion of Mapk14 reduced the promoting effect of the miR-24 inhibitor on cell apoptosis.Overall, our results illustrated that miR-24 could attenuate H/R-induced injury partly by regulating Mapk14.


Assuntos
Hipóxia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Genes Reporter/genética , Genes bcl-2/genética , Humanos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transfecção/métodos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(30): 17965-17976, 2020 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651277

RESUMO

Mobile genetic elements have significantly shaped our genomic landscape. LINE-1 retroelements are the only autonomously active elements left in the human genome. Since new insertions can have detrimental consequences, cells need to efficiently control LINE-1 retrotransposition. Here, we demonstrate that the intrinsic immune factor TRIM5α senses and restricts LINE-1 retroelements. Previously, rhesus TRIM5α has been shown to efficiently block HIV-1 replication, while human TRIM5α was found to be less active. Surprisingly, we found that both human and rhesus TRIM5α efficiently repress human LINE-1 retrotransposition. TRIM5α interacts with LINE-1 ribonucleoprotein complexes in the cytoplasm, which is essential for restriction. In line with its postulated role as pattern recognition receptor, we show that TRIM5α also induces innate immune signaling upon interaction with LINE-1 ribonucleoprotein complexes. The signaling events activate the transcription factors AP-1 and NF-κB, leading to the down-regulation of LINE-1 promoter activity. Together, our findings identify LINE-1 as important target of human TRIM5α, which restricts and senses LINE-1 via two distinct mechanisms. Our results corroborate TRIM5α as pattern recognition receptor and shed light on its previously undescribed activity against mobile genetic elements, such as LINE-1, to protect the integrity of our genome.


Assuntos
Elementos Nucleotídeos Longos e Dispersos , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Animais , Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Macaca mulatta , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ligação Proteica , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas , Transporte Proteico , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética
12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3394, 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636383

RESUMO

The hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) are the principal mammalian circadian timekeeper, co-ordinating organism-wide daily and seasonal rhythms. To achieve this, cell-autonomous circadian timing by the ~20,000 SCN cells is welded into a tight circuit-wide ensemble oscillation. This creates essential, network-level emergent properties of precise, high-amplitude oscillation with tightly defined ensemble period and phase. Although synchronised, regional cell groups exhibit differentially phased activity, creating stereotypical spatiotemporal circadian waves of cellular activation across the circuit. The cellular circuit pacemaking components that generate these critical emergent properties are unknown. Using intersectional genetics and real-time imaging, we show that SCN cells expressing vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) or its cognate receptor, VPAC2, are neurochemically and electrophysiologically distinct, but together they control de novo rhythmicity, setting ensemble period and phase with circuit-level spatiotemporal complexity. The VIP/VPAC2 cellular axis is therefore a neurochemically and topologically specific pacemaker hub that determines the emergent properties of the SCN timekeeper.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Receptores Tipo II de Peptídeo Intestinal Vasoativo/metabolismo , Núcleo Supraquiasmático/fisiologia , Peptídeo Intestinal Vasoativo/metabolismo , Animais , Relógios Circadianos , Criptocromos/genética , Feminino , Genes Reporter , Teste de Complementação Genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurônios/fisiologia , Optogenética , Oscilometria , Transdução de Sinais , Núcleo Supraquiasmático/citologia
13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3387, 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636417

RESUMO

Biosynthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) is required for anchoring proteins to the plasma membrane, and is essential for the integrity of the fungal cell wall. Here, we use a reporter gene-based screen in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the discovery of antifungal inhibitors of GPI-anchoring of proteins, and identify the oligocyclopropyl-containing natural product jawsamycin (FR-900848) as a potent hit. The compound targets the catalytic subunit Spt14 (also referred to as Gpi3) of the fungal UDP-glycosyltransferase, the first step in GPI biosynthesis, with good selectivity over the human functional homolog PIG-A. Jawsamycin displays antifungal activity in vitro against several pathogenic fungi including Mucorales, and in vivo in a mouse model of invasive pulmonary mucormycosis due to Rhyzopus delemar infection. Our results provide a starting point for the development of Spt14 inhibitors for treatment of invasive fungal infections.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Glicosiltransferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Policetídeos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fermentação , Genes Reporter , Glicosilfosfatidilinositóis/biossíntese , Células HCT116 , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Células K562 , Pulmão/microbiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Mucorales , Família Multigênica , Rhizopus , Saccharomyces cerevisiae
14.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234086, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658928

RESUMO

Based on microRNA (miR) microarray analysis, we previously found that miR22-5p expression is decreased in the mid-luteal endometrium of women with minimal/mild endometriosis. Bioinformatics analysis predicted that miR22-5p targets ten-eleven translocation (TET2) 3'-untranslated region. This study aimed to determine the regulation and roles of miR22-5p in the pathogenesis of minimal/mild endometriosis-associated infertility. MiR22-5p and TET2 expression in the mid-luteal endometrium from women with or without minimal/mild endometriosis was analyzed. After transfection with miR22-5p mimics or inhibitor, TET2 expression was analyzed by quantitative reverse transcription (RT-q) PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine was determined by immunofluorescence and dot blotting. Expression and promoter methylation of estrogen receptor 2 (ESR2) was measured by RT-qPCR and western blotting, and by bisulfite sequencing, respectively. We first established that miR22-5p expression decreased and TET2 expression increased in minimal/mild endometriosis during implantation window. TET2 was found to be a direct target of miR22-5p. MiR22-5p regulated the expression of ESR2, but did not directly affect methylation of its promoter region (-197/+359). Our results suggest that an imbalance in miR22-5p expression in the mid-luteal endometrium may be involved in minimal/mild endometriosis-associated infertility.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/biossíntese , Implantação do Embrião , Endometriose/complicações , Endométrio/metabolismo , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/biossíntese , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Fase Luteal/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/biossíntese , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , 5-Metilcitosina/análogos & derivados , 5-Metilcitosina/análise , Adulto , Células Cultivadas , Metilação de DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/genética , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Transporte Proteico/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
15.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235530, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding complex mechanisms of human transcriptional regulation remains a major challenge. Classical reporter studies already enabled the discovery of cis-regulatory elements within the non-coding DNA; however, the influence of genomic context and potential interactions are still largely unknown. Using a modified Cas9 activation complex we explore the complexity of renin transcription in its native genomic context. METHODS: With the help of genomic editing, we stably tagged the native renin on chromosome 1 with the firefly luciferase and stably integrated a programmable modified Cas9 based trans-activation complex (SAM-complex) by lentiviral transduction into human cells. By delivering five specific guide-RNA homologous to specific promoter regions of renin we were able to guide this SAM-complex to these regions of interest. We measured gene expression and generated and compared computational models. RESULTS: SAM complexes induced activation of renin in our cells after renin specific guide-RNA had been provided. All possible combinations of the five guides were subjected to model analysis in linear models. Quantifying the prediction error and the calculation of an estimator of the relative quality of the statistical models for our given set of data revealed that a model incorporating interactions in the proximal promoter is the superior model for explanation of the data. CONCLUSION: By applying our combined experimental and modelling approach we can show that interactions occur within the selected sequences of the proximal renin promoter region. This combined approach might potentially be useful to investigate other genomic regions. Our findings may help to better understand the transcriptional regulation of human renin.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Edição de Genes , Sequências Reguladoras de Ácido Nucleico/genética , Genes Reporter , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Luciferases de Vaga-Lume/genética , Luciferases de Vaga-Lume/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Guia/metabolismo , Renina/genética
16.
Toxicol Lett ; 332: 14-19, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619634

RESUMO

Based on human estrogen receptor α ligand binding domain (hERα-LBD) as recognition element, a fluorescence polarization assay was developed for the determination of bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE), bisphenol F diglycidyl ether (BFDGE), and their derivatives. Fluorescence polarization assay showed that BADGE, BFDGE and their derivatives exhibited dose-dependent binding to the receptor protein. The results of reporter gene assay indicated that all the tested bisphenol diglycidyl ethers show no agonistic activities, but some of them exhibit anti-estrogenic activities toward ERα. All the tested bisphenol diglycidyl ethers fitted into the hydrophobic binding pocket and adopted the conformation that resembled 4-hydroxytamoxifen, a selective antagonist of ERα. Quantitative structure-activity relationship analysis showed that the binding potencies of bisphenol diglycidyl ethers with hERα-LBD might be structure-dependent. This work may provide insight into the in silico screening of ER ligands from unsuspected chemicals.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Compostos de Epóxi/toxicidade , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Simulação por Computador , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Antagonistas de Estrogênios/farmacologia , Imunoensaio de Fluorescência por Polarização , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Chemosphere ; 258: 127332, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554009

RESUMO

Prioritizing chemicals posing threats to drinking water resources is crucial for legislation considering the cost of water treatment, remediation, and monitoring. We profiled in vitro potential endocrine disrupting activities (both agonistic and antagonistic) of 18 contaminants most prevalent in Walloon raw water resources intended for drinking water production, including several compound groups: pesticides, perfluorinated compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, a corrosion inhibitor, and bisphenol A. Mixtures thereof relevant for human realistic exposure were also investigated. Seven luciferase reporter gene cell lines were used i.e. three (human and rat) responsive to dioxins through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and four (human) responsive to steroids through the estrogen (ER), androgen (AR), progesterone (PR), and glucocorticoid (GR) receptors. Among the 18 compounds, ten caused at least one response in at least one receptor. Specifically, chlorpyrifos, bisphenol A, fluoranthene, phenanthrene, and benzo [a]pyrene displayed significant activities on several receptors. Bisphenol A agonized ER, but abolished the cells' response to androgen and progesterone. While fluoranthene and phenanthrene strongly reduced human AhR and AR transactivation, benzo [a]pyrene strongly activated AhR and ER, but inhibited GR and AR. In human breast cancer cells, benzo [a]pyrene dramatically activated AhR, inducing a 10-fold higher response than 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) at concentrations possibly found realistically in human blood. The mixture of the 18 compounds exerted both ER and rat AhR agonism, with the main contribution being from benzo [a]pyrene or its combination with bisphenol A. Moreover, the mixture significantly inhibited TCDD-induced CYP1A activity (detected only by EROD assays) in human hepatoma cells.


Assuntos
Água Potável/química , Disruptores Endócrinos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Animais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Benzo(a)pireno/metabolismo , Estrogênios , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Praguicidas , Fenóis , Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Ratos , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/metabolismo , Recursos Hídricos
18.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(13): e76, 2020 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32479612

RESUMO

The control of gene expression noise is important for improving drug treatment and the performance of synthetic biological systems. Previous work has tuned gene expression noise by changing the rate of transcription initiation, mRNA degradation, and mRNA translation. However, these methods are invasive: they require changes to the target genetic components. Here, we create an orthogonal system based on CRISPR-dCas9 to tune gene expression noise. Specifically, we modulate the gene expression noise of a reporter gene in Escherichia coli by incorporating CRISPR activation and repression (CRISPRar) simultaneously in a single cell. The CRISPRar uses a single dCas9 that recognizes two different single guide RNAs (sgRNA). We build a library of sgRNA variants with different expression activation and repression strengths. We find that expression noise and mean of a reporter gene can be tuned independently by CRISPRar. Our results suggest that the expression noise is tuned by the competition between two sgRNAs that modulate the binding of RNA polymerase to promoters. The CRISPRar may change how we tune expression noise at the genomic level. Our work has broad impacts on the study of gene functions, phenotypical heterogeneity, and genetic circuit control.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Escherichia coli/genética , Expressão Gênica/genética , RNA Guia/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter/genética
19.
Cancer Sci ; 111(7): 2499-2507, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476221

RESUMO

DNA damage-induced apoptosis suppressor (DDIAS) facilitates the survival of lung cancer by suppressing apoptosis. Moreover, DDIAS promotes tyrosine phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) via their interaction. Here, we identified miconazole as an inhibitor of DDIAS/STAT3 interaction by screening a chemical library using a yeast two-hybrid assay. Miconazole inhibited growth, migration and invasion of lung cancer cells. Furthermore, miconazole suppressed STAT3 tyrosine Y705 phosphorylation and the expression of its target genes, such as cyclin D1, survivin and snail but had no suppressive effect on the activation of ERK1/2 or AKT, which is involved in the survival of lung cancer. As expected, no interaction between DDIAS and STAT3 occurred in the presence of miconazole, as confirmed by immunoprecipitation assays. Mouse xenograft experiments showed that miconazole significantly suppressed both tumor size and weight in an NCI-H1703 mouse model. Tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT3 at Y705 and expression of its targets, such as cyclin D1, survivin and snail, were decreased in miconazole-treated tumor tissues, as compared with those in vehicle-treated tumor tissues. These data suggest that miconazole exerts an anti-cancer effect by suppressing STAT3 activation through inhibiting DDIAS/STAT3 binding.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Dano ao DNA , Miconazol/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Camundongos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 201: 110817, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512417

RESUMO

Cellular exposure to xenobiotic human-made products will lead to oxidative stress that gives rise to DNA damage, as well as chemical or mechanical damage. Distinguishing the chemicals that will induce oxidative stress and predicting their toxicity is necessary. In the present study, 4270 compounds in the ARE-bla assay were investigated to predict active and inactive compounds by using simple algorithms, namely, recursive partitioning (RP) and binomial logistic regression, and to develop the quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models of chemicals that activate the ARE pathway to induce oxidative stress and exert toxic effects on cells. A decision tree based on scaffold-based fragments obtained through RP analysis showed the best identification accuracy. However, the overall identification accuracy of this model for active compounds was unsatisfactory due to limited fragments. Furthermore, a binomial logistic regression model was developed from 638 active compounds and 3632 inactive chemicals. The model with a cutoff of 0.15 could predict chemicals that were active or inactive with the prediction accuracy of 69.1%. Its area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve metric (AUROC) was 0.762, which indicated the acceptable predictive ability of this model. The parameters nBM (number of multiple bonds) and H% (percentage of H atom) played dominant roles in the prediction of the activity (inactive or active) of chemicals. A global QSAR model was developed to predict the toxicity of active chemicals. However, the model displayed an unsatisfactory result with R2 = 0.316 and R2ext = 0.090. Active chemicals were then classified on the basis of structure. A total of 79 compounds with carbon chains could be predicted with acceptable performance by using a QSAR model with six descriptors (R2 = 0.722, R2ext = 0.798, Q2Loo = 0.654, Q2Boot = 0.755, Q2ext = 0.721). The simple models established here contribute to efforts on identification compounds inducing oxidative stress and provide the scientific basis for risk assessment to organisms in the environment.


Assuntos
Compostos Orgânicos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Algoritmos , Elementos de Resposta Antioxidante/genética , Bioensaio , Bases de Dados Factuais , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Compostos Orgânicos/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , beta-Lactamases/genética
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