Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 11.111
Filtrar
1.
Commun Biol ; 6(1): 92, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690695

RESUMO

Nearly half of American adults suffer from gum disease, including mild inflammation of gingival tissue, known as gingivitis. Currently, advances in therapeutic treatments are hampered by a lack of mechanistic understanding of disease progression in physiologically relevant vascularized tissues. To address this, we present a high-throughput microfluidic organ-on-chip model of human gingival tissue containing keratinocytes, fibroblast and endothelial cells. We show the triculture model exhibits physiological tissue structure, mucosal barrier formation, and protein biomarker expression and secretion over several weeks. Through inflammatory cytokine administration, we demonstrate the induction of inflammation measured by changes in barrier function and cytokine secretion. These states of inflammation are induced at various time points within a stable culture window, providing a robust platform for evaluation of therapeutic agents. These data reveal that the administration of specific small molecule inhibitors mitigates the inflammatory response and enables tissue recovery, providing an opportunity for identification of new therapeutic targets for gum disease with the potential to facilitate relevant preclinical drug efficacy and toxicity testing.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Microfluídica , Adulto , Humanos , Células Endoteliais , Citocinas , Inflamação
2.
J Feline Med Surg ; 25(1): 1098612X221148577, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of early-onset gingivitis (EOG) and periodontitis in cats. METHODS: The medical records database was searched for cats diagnosed with histologically confirmed EOG or periodontitis from 1997 to 2022. Information such as medical history, lifestyle factors, clinical presentation, radiographic and histopathologic features were included for 27 client-owned cats. Response to treatment and long-term follow-up was also recorded. RESULTS: Moderate-to-severe periodontal disease was radiographically confirmed in 78% (21/27) of cats with moderate-to-severe EOG, compared with the evidence of periodontal disease noted in 30% (8/27) of cases during awake oral examination. Horizontal bone loss, along with missing teeth, were the predominant radiographic features noted in 89% (24/27) of cases. The predominant histopathologic feature was moderate-to-severe, erosive-to-ulcerative, neutrophilic and lymphoplasmacytic inflammation with varying degrees of epithelial and stromal hyperplasia. Two cats developed feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS)-like lesions, and seven cats exhibited worsening of aggressive periodontitis (AP). Lack of improvement in the severity of gingivitis or clinical signs evident at the first follow-up appointment was significantly associated with progression of disease (P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The results of this study demonstrate the importance of oral evaluations in cats as early as 6 months of age. For cats exhibiting substantial gingivitis, an anesthetized evaluation, periodontal treatment and long-term monitoring are recommended. Given the high frequency of moderate-to-severe periodontitis encountered in these cats, clients should be informed about the potential need for tooth extractions. EOG may progress to AP. Finally, this study suggests that there could be a link between EOG and FCGS; however, further studies are needed to better characterize this condition and establish any potential link between the two entities.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato , Gengivite , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Estomatite , Gatos , Animais , Periodontite/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodontite/terapia , Periodontite/veterinária , Gengivite/veterinária , Doenças Periodontais/veterinária , Estomatite/veterinária , Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
J Periodontal Res ; 58(1): 195-203, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been stated that microRNA (miRNA) plays an important role in development, homeostasis, and immune functions, and abnormal miRNA expression may cause faster disease progression. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine miR-203, miR-142-3p, miR-146a, miR-146b, miR-155, and miR-29b gene expressions in the saliva of smokers and non-smokers with the periodontal disease before and after non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT). METHODS: A total of 90 individuals, 30 with periodontitis, 30 with gingivitis, and 30 periodontally healthy (control group), were included. These three groups were divided into subgroups as smoking and non-smoking individuals, with 15 people in each group. NSPT was applied to patients with periodontitis and gingivitis. Saliva samples and clinical parameters were obtained at baseline and repeated 6 weeks after NSPT. RESULTS: Saliva miR-203, miR-142-3p, miR-146a, miR-146b, and miR-155 gene expressions were significantly upregulated in patients with periodontal disease compared to the control group both in smokers and non-smokers, and also these miRNAs' gene expressions were significantly higher in the periodontitis group than in the gingivitis group at baseline (p < .05). A significant increase in saliva miR-142-3p expression was detected in all groups of smokers compared to non-smokers (p < .05). Although there was a decrease in salivary miRNAs gene expressions with the treatment, it was not statistically significant (p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that salivary miR-146a, miR-146b, miR142-3p, miR-155, and miR-203 gene expressions increased with the progression of periodontal disease, but unchanged after periodontal treatment. Moreover, smoking may contribute to an increase in the levels of salivary miR-142-3p in the periodontal health and disease.


Assuntos
Gengivite , MicroRNAs , Periodontite , Humanos , não Fumantes , Saliva/metabolismo , Periodontite/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Gengivite/genética , Gengivite/metabolismo
4.
J Dent ; 129: 104390, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526085

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the association between 11 oral conditions and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a multistage sampling strategy to draw a representative sample of adults aged ≥35 years living in Porto Alegre, Brazil. OHRQoL was assessed using OHIP-14. Oral examinations were conducted to assess gingivitis, dental calculus, tooth loss, gingival recession (GR), dentine hypersensitivity (DHS), dental caries (DFT), dental erosion, and non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL). Questionnaires recorded the following self-reported oral variables: xerostomia, halitosis, and perceived need for dental treatment. Structural Equation Models were used to assess the associations adjusting to demographic and behavioral variables. RESULTS: 1022 individuals were analyzed. The overall OHIP mean equaled 9.2 ± 9.7 points. Xerostomia [coefficient (coef)=0.10], halitosis (coef=0.28), DFT (coef=0.16), and DHS (coef=0.19) were significantly and directly associated with negative impacts of OHIP-14. GR was significantly and indirectly associated with poor OHRQoL due to higher DHS. Perceived need for dental treatment was significantly and directly associated with higher OHIP-14 (coef=0,40). CONCLUSIONS: Poor OHRQoL was observed in a sample of Brazilian adults and old people. Five important oral conditions were associated to poor OHRQoL. Tooth loss, gingivitis, calculus, dental erosion and NCCL did not associate with OHRQoL. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Poorer oral health related quality of life is observed in a Brazilian urban area compared to other parts of the world. Xerostomia, halitosis, dental caries, gingival recession, and dentine hypersensitivity may be targeted to improve oral health and consequently oral health related quality of life.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Retração Gengival , Gengivite , Halitose , Doenças da Boca , Perda de Dente , Xerostomia , Adulto , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Qualidade de Vida , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Xerostomia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Arch Oral Biol ; 145: 105574, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Salivary statherin and alpha-amylase play significant roles in biofilm formation and pathogenic bacteria adhesion. Examination of these proteins may provide information on their roles in periodontal diseases. The present study was based on the hypothesis that; the salivary proteins -statherin and alpha-amylase- effective on biofilm formation, may play important roles in the etiology of periodontal disease. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the differences in periodontal diseases compared to periodontal health in order to search their roles in periodontal disease. METHODS: Patients with gingivitis (n = 26) and periodontitis (n = 20), and periodontally healthy individuals (n = 21) were included in this study. Unstimulated whole saliva samples were obtained from a total of 67 individuals. Salivary statherin level and alpha-amylase activity were determined using ELISA and enzymatic methods, respectively. RESULTS: Statherin levels in saliva were significantly higher in the periodontitis group compared to the gingivitis group (p = 0.014), while alpha-amylase activities and total protein levels were slightly higher in the periodontitis and gingivitis groups compared to controls, without significant differences among the groups (p = 0.295 and p = 0.019, respectively). Statherin levels showed positive correlations with gingival and plaque indices in the disease groups. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that statherin level in saliva increase to provide a protective effect against periodontitis, and higher salivary statherin level is related to the degree of gingival inflammation and plaque accumulation.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Humanos , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo , Aderência Bacteriana , Gengivite/metabolismo , Doenças Periodontais/metabolismo , Periodontite/metabolismo , Saliva/metabolismo
6.
Probl Radiac Med Radiobiol ; 27: 363-373, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Ucraniano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36582101

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to determine the severity of gingivitis in children with teeth formation disorders - residents of the ter-ritories contaminated with radionuclides as a result of Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) accident. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The object of the study is 1470 children aged 6-14 years with dental malformations, 528 amomg them are residents of areas contaminated with radionuclides as a result of the ChNPP with the identified types of disorders of teeth formation (DTF) (systemic enamel hypoplasia (SEH) and molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH)), and different stages of the severity of gingivitis. RESULTS: Determining of the degree of severity of gingivitis in children with DTF indicates the presence of its lesion of a moderate degree of the severity with a prevalence in persons with SEH or MIH and chronic diseases of internal organs suffered after the ChNPP accident. CONCLUSIONS: In irradiated children with DTF, an average degree of severity of gingivitis was established (РМА = (43.03 ± 19.64) %, p > 0.001), which may be due to the effect of a complex of negative factors, in particular the influence of low doses of ionizing radiation, the peculiarities of the social status of the examined persons (imbalanced nutrition), unsatisfactory oral hygiene. In children suffered after the ChNPP accident with SEH, the indicators of the PMA index were reliable (p > 0.05) higher compared to individuals with MIH, which indicates a more pronounced degree of periodont damage. Revealed damage to periodont, in particular gingivitis, in children with DTF residents of the contaminated territories, probably caused by the action of a complex of negative environmental factors, in particular the influence of low doses of ionizing radiation, and the peculiarities of the social status of children, which requires a comprehensive approach to the prevention of complications of defects of hard tissues of the teeth.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Chernobyl , Gengivite , Humanos , Criança , Radioisótopos , Prevalência , Radiação Ionizante , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Gengivite/etiologia
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 623, 2022 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to epidemiological studies, gingivitis is a common disease. However, its morbidity, considerably varies among individual. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics of gingivitis, including prevalence, severity, intraoral distribution, and associated risk factors, in children aged 6-12 years in Jinzhou, China. METHODS: A multistage, whole-group, randomized sample of 2880 children aged 6-12 years in Jinzhou City, China, was selected and clinically examined. Each selected child completed a questionnaire on sociodemographic factors and oral health behaviors in cooperation with the investigator and teacher. Gingival bleeding refers to the bleeding of 10% or more teeth under the condition of ingivitis. Gingivitis was further categorized into localized gingivitis (30% ≥ number of teeth positive for gingival bleeding ≥ 10%) and generalized gingivitis (number of positive for gingival bleeding > 30%). The score of gingival bleeding was recorded using the Gingival Index. RESULTS: The prevalence of gingivitis in children aged 6-12 years in Jinzhou was 28.58%, including 701 cases of localized gingivitis (24.3%) and 122 cases of generalized gingivitis (4.2%). There were 429 cases (28.3%) of gingivitis in males and 394 cases (28.9%) in females, with no statistically significant difference in prevalence between males and females (P > 0.05). Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression analysis showed that aging, dental calculus, plaque, and dental crowding were significantly associated with a high prevalence of gingivitis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that dental calculus, large amount dental plaque, poor oral health behavior, and oral health awareness are associated with the prevalence of gingivitis and maintaining children's oral health requires professional guidance and regular preventive care.


Assuntos
Cálculos Dentários , Gengivite , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Cálculos Dentários/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Saúde Bucal , Hemorragia Gengival/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Placa Dentária
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 626, 2022 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: School children are in a developmental period in which permanent teeth replace primary dentition. It is also a period with a high incidence of gingivitis and caries, which can be improved with adequate tooth brushing. Advances in information technology have led to the development of smart health devices that assist in tooth brushing. We compared the effectiveness of computer-assisted toothbrushing using a toothbrushing instruction (TBI) method called the smart toothbrush and smart mirror (STM) system with that of conventional TBI (verbal instructions) for plaque control in school children. METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial analyzed and compared the reduction of the modified Quigley-Hein plaque index between the two methods in 42 school children. The participants were randomly assigned to the STM system group (n = 21) or conventional-TBI group (n = 21). The plaque indices were evaluated at baseline, immediately after TBI (day 0), and 1 week and 1 month after TBI. RESULTS: The STM system and conventional TBI led to an average reduction of 40.50% and 40.57%, respectively, in whole mouth plaque. Reductions in the plaque indices within each tested time period were observed in both groups (P < 0.001), and the mean plaque reduction did not differ between the two groups (P = 0.44). CONCLUSIONS: The present study tested a computer assisted system for TBI, more studies are needed to confirm its usefulness in different objectives. Clinical relevance The computer-assisted STM system may be an alternative of TBI for children. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT04627324) Registered 13/11/2020-Retrospectively registered, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04627324 .


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Humanos , Criança , Escovação Dentária , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Índice de Placa Dentária , Método Simples-Cego , Desenho de Equipamento
9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 6551-6560, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575697

RESUMO

Objective: Mid-to-long term use of provisional crowns in the oral cavity is associated with bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation, thus necessitating provisional crowns exhibiting antibacterial properties to prevent the occurrence of gingivitis and periodontal disease. This study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial effect of zirconia nanoparticle-containing polyethyl methacrylate (PEMA) resin for provisional restorations. Methods: Zirconia nanoparticles were added to the monomer of PEMA resin for provisional restorations, and the mixture was stirred for 2 h using a magnetic stirrer. Disk-shaped specimens were prepared by mixing the polymer with the nanoparticle solution. The control group contained pure PEMA resin samples, and the experimental groups Group Z2, Group Z4, and Group Z8 included PEMA resin specimens containing 2, 4, and 8% w/v zirconia nanoparticles, respectively. After analyzing the sample surfaces, the antibacterial effect of the specimens was evaluated using Streptococcus mutans. Statistical analysis was performed using Tukey's test and Mann-Whitney U-test, according to the normality result in the Shapiro-Wilk test. Results: FE-SEM and EDX analyses revealed the successful addition of zirconia nanoparticles. Results showed no significant difference in the measured values for surface roughness and contact angle between the experimental and control groups; however, adhesion and biofilm thickness of S. mutans were significantly decreased in Group Z2, Group Z4, and Group Z8 compared to the control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.01, respectively). Conclusion: The addition of zirconia nanoparticles can lower the incidence of adhesion and biofilm thickness of S. mutans on PEMA resin used for provisional crowns. Thus, incorporating zirconia nanoparticles in repair materials for provisional crowns and PEMA resin can produce an antibacterial effect and prevent gingivitis, periodontal disease, and dental caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Gengivite , Nanopartículas , Doenças Periodontais , Humanos , Metacrilatos , Zircônio/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resinas Vegetais , Coroas , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497639

RESUMO

Institutionalized children, regardless of their age, are prone to psychiatric disorders, compared to those who live in two-parent families, due to the unfavorable physical and psychological conditions in which they develop. Unpropitious psychological conditions affect the child's general health and induce local manifestations that can be found in the oral cavity, affecting both soft tissues and teeth. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to assess and diagnose a series of pathological manifestations of the oral mucosa associated with poor living conditions or closely related to psychological stress. The clinical examination was performed by 4 specialist dentists, who consulted 150 children representing the study group and 52 children representing the control group, all having ages between 14 and 18 years old and meeting the same inclusion criteria. From the control group, 62.5% presented plaque-induced gingivitis (26.6% girls, 35.8% boys), 26.6% presented mucosal lesions produced by lip and cheek biting (23.3% girls, 35.8% boys), and 11.7% presented geographic tongue (6.6% girls, 5% boys), herpes simplex eruptions (3.3% girls, 4.2% boys) and oral ulcerations (12.5% girls, 10.8% boys). Morsicatio buccarul is a chronic, self-mutilating habit, currently becoming one of the most common tics encountered among institutionalized children. Furthermore, these children do not benefit from constant support and guidance to perform their dental hygiene, so the incidence of gingivitis induced by bacterial plaque and calculus is very high.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Mucosa Bucal , Masculino , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Romênia/epidemiologia
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497687

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the effect of individualized oral health care training (IndOHCT) administered to 6-16-year-old psychiatric in-patients on dental plaque removal. METHODS: 74 in-patients with mental health disorders (49 males) aged 6-16 years with a mean age of 10.4 ± 2.3 years, were randomly divided into two equal groups. At the start of hospitalization, one calibrated dentist assessed the oral health status in the hospital setting. In-patients of the intervention group (IG) received IndOHCT, while those of the control group (CG) got an information flyer. Dental plaque was assessed by the Turesky modified Quigley-Hein-Index (TI) at the start (t0) and at the end of hospitalization before (t1a) and after (t1b) autonomous tooth brushing. RESULTS: During hospitalisation, the TI was reduced in both groups (t0→t1a: IG = -0.1; CG = -0.2, p = 0.71). However, in-patients receiving IndOHCT achieved significantly higher plaque reduction rates than the controls when plaque values before and after autonomous tooth brushing were compared (t1a→t1b: IG = -1.0; CG = -0.8; p = 0.02). The effect size (ES) demonstrates the efficacy of IndOHCT (ES = 0.53), especially in children with mixed dentition (ES = 0.89). CONCLUSIONS: IndOHCT enabled hospitalized children and adolescents with mental health disorders to achieve a better plaque reduction by tooth brushing but failed to improve self-controlled routine oral hygiene.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Criança , Masculino , Adolescente , Humanos , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Escovação Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Atenção à Saúde , Método Simples-Cego
12.
Evid Based Dent ; 23(4): 152-153, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526841

RESUMO

Data sources Searches were performed using broad search terms and suitable Boolean operators and Medical Subject Headings terms on the electronic databases PubMed (US National Library archive), EBSCOHost (Dentistry and Oral Sciences) (US Corporate Research Database), Scopus (Elsevier Archive) and the Cochrane Database for Systematic Reviews with no relevant time limit.Study selection Randomised control trials were included where adults were participants and using miswak sticks to brush was the independent variable. The primary outcome reviewed was the effect on periodontal health, with secondary outcomes including oral health practices. Exclusion criteria were applied to studies including patients with orthodontic appliances.Data extraction and synthesis Data extraction was led by a single author, with further authors (where necessary) assessing accuracy and appropriateness. Data extracted included first author, publication year, study design and setting, sample size, description of the participant, the intervention and comparison, clinical measurements, assessment interval and wash-out period. An I2 test with confidence intervals was performed, showing the included studies to display heterogeneity in methodology and outcome measures. As such, a random effects model was used for the meta-analysis of effect size. Further subgroup analysis of the included papers was completed and presented in a forest plot format. The Cochrane risk of bias tool was employed.Results In total, 150 abstracts were screened, with ten RCTs included and nine utilised in a descriptive meta-analysis. The findings claimed that miswak offered similar outcomes to toothbrushing when considering mean plaque score (p = 0.08; SMD: 0.39 and 95% CI: 0.05-0.83) and mean gingivitis score (p = 0.37; SMD: 0.13, and 95% CI: 0.16-0.43). A further significant secondary outcome was noted, showing reduced mean plaque scores (p = 0.01; SMD: 0.68, and 95% CI: 0.14-1.22) and reduced gingivitis score (p = 0.04; SMD: 0.66, and 95% CI: 0.03-1.29) when miswak was used in addition to toothbrushing.Conclusions Miswak sticks may offer similar plaque reduction to brushing and may reduce plaque-induced gingivitis when used as an adjunct to toothbrushing. However, more evidence is required in this area.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Doenças Periodontais , Humanos , Adulto , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/complicações , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Placa Dentária/complicações , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(3)dic. 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1406164

RESUMO

Abstract The objective of this study was to determine the gingival state and presence of red complex bacteria in saliva samples of 12-year-old schoolchildren. A calibrated periodontist evaluated biofilm index (BI) (Silness and Löe, 1964), presence of calculus, and gingival index (GI) (Silness and Löe, 1967) in sixty two 12-year-old students of Carmen Lyra School. Saliva samples were collected from each student. The DNA of each sample was extracted and amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique, using specific primers. The BI was 1.18. Calculus was present in 40.40% of the schoolchildren examined; 19.4% was supragingival calculus and 21% both supragingival and subgingival calculus. The GI was 0.97, which according to Silness and Löe is mild gingivitis. Gingivitis was present in 96.8% of the children examined. Regarding the PCR tests: 18 of the samples (31.58%) did not present any of the bacteria analyzed and the remaining 39 samples (68.42%) were positive for at least the presence of red complex bacteria. Within the limitations of this study, it is concluded that the prevalence of gingivitis and calculus is high in the sample examined, and the gingival state observed in the study population, may be related to the presence of red complex bacteria.


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio era determinar el estado gingival y la presencia de bacterias del complejo rojo en muestras de saliva de niños de 12 años de la Escuela Carmen Lyra. Una periodoncista calibrada evaluó en 62 estudiantes de 12 años de la Escuela Carmen Lyra, el índice de biofilme (IB) (Silness y Löe, 1964), la presencia de cálculo y el índice gingival (IG) (Silness y Löe, 1967). Se recolectaron muestras de saliva de cada estudiante. El ADN de cada muestra fue extraído y amplificado por medio de la prueba PCR, empleando primers específicos, para determinar la presencia de bacterias del complejo rojo. El IB fue de 1.18. El cálculo estuvo presente en el 40.40% de la muestra, se encontró 19.4% de cálculo en supragingival y 21% tanto en supragingival como en subgingival. El IG fue de 0.97, que de acuerdo con Silness y Löe es una gingivitis leve. La gingivitis estuvo presente en el 96.8 % de los niños examinados. Con respecto a las pruebas PCR: 18 de las muestras (31.58 %) no presentaron ninguna de las bacterias analizadas y las 39 muestras restantes (68.42%) fueron positivas por lo menos a la presencia de las bacterias del complejo rojo. Dentro de las limitaciones de este estudio, se concluye que la prevalencia de gingivitis y cálculo es alta en la muestra examinada y el estado gingival observado puede estar relacionado con la presencia de bacterias del complejo rojo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Doenças da Gengiva , Gengivite/diagnóstico , Costa Rica
14.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(3)dic. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1406158

RESUMO

Resumen En la cavidad oral se pueden presentar lesiones en gíngiva que no están asociadas a placa bacteriana, las cuales requieren de un adecuado diagnóstico y tratamiento. La gingivitis descamativa está usualmente relacionada con desórdenes mucocutáneos, como el pénfigo vulgar (PV), donde las lesiones orales incluyendo las lesiones gingivales, pueden preceder las lesiones cutáneas. El manejo es multidisciplinario y el tratamiento incluye terapia farmacológica tópica y sistémica, se requiere un adecuado control de la placa bacteriana por parte del paciente y una estricta supervisión en el tiempo por parte del profesional para el mantenimiento y estabilidad de los tejidos gingivales. Se presentan dos casos clínicos de pacientes con diagnóstico de PV los cuales fueron manejados de manera oportuna e integral para controlar y estabilizar el factor sistémico y local.


Abstract In the oral cavity, gingiva lesions may occur that are not associated with bacterial plaque, which require adequate diagnosis and treatment. Desquamative gingivitis is usually related to mucocutaneous disorders, such as pemphigus vulgaris (PV), where oral lesions, including gingival lesions, may precede skin lesions. Management is multidisciplinary and treatment includes topical and systemic pharmacological therapy, require adequate control of dental plaque by the patient and strict supervision over time by the professional for the maintenance and stability of the gingival tissues. Two clinical cases of patients with a diagnosis of PV are presented, which were managed in a timely and integral way to control and stabilize the systemic and local factor.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pênfigo/tratamento farmacológico , Gengivite/tratamento farmacológico , Higiene Bucal , Costa Rica
15.
Am J Dent ; 35(6): 297-307, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36508185

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the antiplaque effects for 0.454% bioavailable gluconate chelated stannous fluoride (SnF2) dentifrices versus controls by clinical model, plaque index, tooth surface and tooth type in a pooled analysis. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were conducted to evaluate plaque effects of SnF2 dentifrices from the same formulation family over the past 30 years. Forty-four 4-day and longer-term (≥ 2 weeks) RCTs conducted in six countries with 3,336 subjects using Turesky Modified Quigley-Hein Plaque Index, Rustogi Modification of the Navy Plaque Index, Digital Plaque Imaging Analysis, and Silness and Löe Plaque Index were included. RESULTS: In 13 and 11 longer-term studies assessing SnF2 dentifrice versus a negative or positive control, respectively, standardized differences in average plaque score of -1.15 (95% CI: -1.61, -0.69) and -0.74 (95% CI: -1.20, -0.28) were observed (P ≤ 0.011), favoring SnF2. Reductions represented a 19% and 16% benefit versus the negative and positive control, respectively. In 18 and five 4-day studies assessing SnF2 dentifrice versus a negative (NaF/SMFP) or positive (triclosan/chlorhexidine) control, respectively, differences in average 4-day plaque score of -0.27 (95% CI: -0.31, -0.23) and -0.15 (95% CI: -0.25, -0.06) were observed (P≤ 0.001) favoring SnF2. Reductions represented a 14% and 11% benefit versus the negative and positive control, respectively. Significant antiplaque benefits for SnF2 dentifrice were seen regardless of clinical model, plaque index, tooth surface or type, including brushed and unbrushed surfaces (P≤ 0.049). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Bioavailable gluconate chelated SnF2 dentifrices showed consistent plaque inhibition versus negative and positive controls across all conditions evaluated. Importantly, the effect on unbrushed surfaces illustrated the significant plaque inhibition benefit of SnF2 beyond mechanical plaque removal.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Dentifrícios , Gengivite , Triclosan , Humanos , Fluoretos de Estanho/uso terapêutico , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Placa Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Fluoreto de Sódio , Método Duplo-Cego
16.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 609, 2022 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the utilization of dental care in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and compare the incidence of common dental disorders in patients with and without RA. METHODS: This data used in this study was from the population-based Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. We identified 1337 patients with newly diagnosed RA between January 2000 and December 2012. We also identified 13,370 individual without a diagnosis of RA using frequency matching on 5-year age intervals, sex, and index year. Patients with a diagnosis of primary Sjögren's syndrome were excluded. Dental disorders were identified using respective ICD-9-CM codes confirmed by dentists. The incidence and incidence rate ratio [IRR] of each dental disorders were calculated using Poisson regression. RESULTS: Compared with the comparison cohort, the prevalence of dentist visits in the RA cohort were significantly higher (70.3% vs. 66.7%, p = 0.008) and the frequency of dentist visits in the RA cohort were also significantly higher (median 2.67 vs. 1.78 per year, p < 0.001). In addition, the incidence of visits for dental caries (adjusted IRR 1.16, p < 0.001), pulpitis (adjusted IRR 1.12, p = 0.044), gingivitis (adjusted IRR 1.13, p = 0.027), periodontitis (adjusted IRR 1.13, p = 0.004), and oral ulcer (adjusted IRR 1.24, p = 0.003) were higher in patients with RA. CONCLUSIONS: An elevated prevalence and frequency of dental visits were associated with patients with RA. In addition, elevated incidence of dental disorders, including dental caries, pulpitis, gingivitis, periodontitis, and oral ulceration, were observed. Oral health should be accessed regularly in patients with RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Cárie Dentária , Gengivite , Periodontite , Pulpite , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 461, 2022 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36324127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This single-center, randomized controlled trial aimed to determine the effectiveness of a novel, biofilm-disrupting, mouth rinse that combines Cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) and essential oils in preventing re-accumulation of supragingival plaque and supragingival microbiome in patients with gingivitis after dental prophylaxis. METHODS: One hundred eighteen participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive twice-daily test mouth rinse (59) or carrier rinse control (59) for 12 weeks after dental prophylaxis. RESULTS: In a per-protocol analysis that included patients who completed the intervention, the treatment group (39) had significantly lower supragingival plaque scores at 6 and 12 weeks compared to the control group (41; p = 0.022). Both groups showed similar improvement in gingivitis score, but neither group had improvement in bleeding score or probing depth. Thirty-eight (29%) patients did not complete the study due to loss of follow-up (17) or early discontinuation of the assigned intervention (21). Microbiome sequencing showed that the treatment rinse significantly depleted abundant and prevalent members of the supragingival plaque microbiome consortium. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with gingivitis, the novel mouth rinse significantly reduced re-accumulation of supragingival plaque following dental prophylaxis by depleting supragingival plaque microbiome. However, long-term adherence to the rinse may be limited by adverse effects ( ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03154021).


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Humanos , Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Placa Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Placa Dentária
18.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18357, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319677

RESUMO

This investigation aimed to quantitatively measure the changes in inflammation of subjects with healthy and unhealthy gums during a period of induced gingivitis. A total of 30 subjects (15 healthy, 15 with gum inflammation) were enlisted and given oral exams by a dental hygienist. Baseline measurements were acquired before a 3-week period of oral hygiene abstinence. The lobene modified gingival index scoring was used for inflammation scoring and hyperspectral spatial frequency domain imaging was used to quantitatively measure oxy- and deoxygenated blood volume fraction at two time points: at Baseline and after 3 weeks of oral hygiene abstinence. We found that abstaining from oral hygiene causes a near proportional increase in oxygenated and deoxygenated blood volume fraction for healthy individuals. For individuals who started the study with mild to moderate gingivitis, increases in blood volume were mainly due to deoxygenated blood.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Inflamação/complicações , Índice de Placa Dentária
19.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 512, 2022 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There has been a lack of qualitative work investigating the effects of the wide range of gum-related symptoms, and the perceived everyday impacts associated with these including on quality of life. While periodontal disease has been shown to have significant effects on quality of life, fewer studies have researched the perceived impacts of gingivitis and symptoms from across the entire gum health-disease continuum, despite evidence that these can also negatively affect quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate perceived everyday impacts and explore the subjective experiences of adults with a variety of symptoms from across the self-reported gum health-disease continuum, and how these may affect quality of life. METHODS: Participants were recruited at a large UK University using purposive sampling, for self-reported symptoms ranging from mild gingivitis to severe periodontal disease. Semi-structured interviews gathered details on symptom history, changes occurring over time and associated beliefs, as well as perceived impacts on everyday life, and links between these experiences and identity. Interviews were analysed using framework analysis based on the Wilson and Cleary health-related quality of life model. RESULTS: Twenty-seven participants were recruited - 15 with symptoms of gingivitis, 12 with more severe periodontal symptoms. Prominent themes included description of symptoms, changes in daily life, social impacts, psychological impacts, identity, and overall impacts and quality of life. Differences were noted in severity, extent and frequency of symptoms and participant experiences, with greater perceived impacts often felt by those with periodontal disease. However, participants from across the gum health-disease continuum often expressed similar experiences and concerns. CONCLUSION: Findings demonstrate the range of experiences from participants with a variety of gum-related symptoms; notably, gingivitis was reported to have a range of perceived impacts on quality of life alongside those reported by periodontal disease sufferers. Future work should look to include symptoms from across the entire gum health-disease continuum when considering quality of life, as well as considering a more patient-centred approach which could be valuable in both clinical and research settings.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Doenças Periodontais , Humanos , Adulto , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
20.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 477, 2022 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a group of autoinflammatory disorders, of which the primary extra-articular manifestation is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The oral cavity being a part of gastrointestinal tract, is significantly compromised in IBD, and in many cases, it is the first site of clinical manifestations of IBD. This study aimed to identify changes in the oral mucosa associated with the onset of IBD and their association with endoscopic/histological findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study assessed 80 patients with SpA and 52 healthy controls. Oral, rheumatological, and gastroenterological assessments were performed. The ileocolonoscopy was performed via digital magnification chromoendoscopy. The statistical analysis consisted of Chi-square, Fisher's exact, and multiple correspondence discriminant analysis tests. RESULTS: From the disease cohort, 63.0% patients showed oral lesions (p = 0.050). These manifestations ranged from gingivitis (55.0%, p = 0.001), aphthous stomatitis (3.8%, p = 0.091), angular cheilitis (2.6%, p = 0.200), and perioral erythema with scaling (1.3%, p = 0.300). All patients who presented with alterations in colonic mucosa also had oral lesions associated with IBD (p = 0.039), specifically gingivitis/aphthous stomatitis (p = 0.029). CONCLUSION: The patients with SpA without IBD present significant oral signs and symptoms. Gingivitis seems to be the most relevant because of its associations with early endoscopic and histological findings. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: An integral approach to the diagnostic tests that includes evaluations of oral, rheumatological and gastroenterological tissues may favor timely attention and improve patients' quality of life.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Úlceras Orais , Doenças Reumáticas , Espondilartrite , Estomatite Aftosa , Humanos , Estomatite Aftosa/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Espondilartrite/complicações , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Doença Crônica , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...