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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645897

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Periodontal disease causes tooth loss if not treated early, and advanced periodontitis can cause a decline in various oral functions. These results diminish the health-related quality of life (QOL) for various populations. Thus, early detection and management of the disease, as well as a systematic strategy for the prevention of periodontal disease, are necessary. METHODS: Adults, 19 years of age or older and diagnosed with chronic gingivitis or chronic periodontitis under the ICD-10 codes, were selected to participate in the study. A total of 20 participants were informed of the purpose of the study and gave consent to participate in in-depth interviews. RESULTS: The treatment of periodontal disease improved health-related QOL and enabled the participants to have positive dental care health behaviors. Furthermore, the participants recognized the severity of periodontal disease and the importance of dental examinations. It enabled them to be aware of the societal need for dental care awareness. CONCLUSIONS: This study was an in-depth examination of the health-related QOL of periodontal patients through a qualitative research methodology. We expect that this study will expand research on health-related QOL due to periodontal disease and revitalize the dental health system and practices.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica/psicologia , Gengivite/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Periodontite Crônica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Gengivite/fisiopatologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
2.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200051, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520102

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is affected by different clinical conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of gingivitis on OHRQoL in adolescents. METHODOLOGY: This cohort study consisted of a random sample of 1,134 schoolchildren enrolled during 2012, in Santa Maria, Brazil. After two years, 743 adolescents were follow-up (response rate: 65.5%). Clinical, socioeconomic and OHRQoL data were collected. OHRQoL was assessed by the short Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14), and gingival bleeding through Community Periodontal Index. Gingivitis was considered with the presence of 15% or more bleeding sites. Poisson regression models were used to evaluate the association between gingivitis and overall and domain-specific CPQ11-14 scores. Prevalence of gingivitis at baseline was considered the main predictor for the OHRQoL at follow-up. RESULTS: Gingivitis at baseline was associated with higher overall CPQ 11-14 score (RR = 1.07; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.14), and emotional well-being (RR = 1.17; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.31), independently of other oral conditions and socioeconomic variables. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that gingivitis negatively impacts the adolescents' OHRQoL. Moreover, gender, maternal schooling and household income were also associated with OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Gengivite/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Feminino , Hemorragia Gengival/psicologia , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traumatismos Dentários/psicologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18338, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to explore the effectiveness of vitamin D for the management of adult patients with gingivitis. METHODS: We will perform a comprehensive search from the following electronic databases: Cochrane Library, PUBMED, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL, WANGFANG, VIP, CBM, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. All databases will be searched from their inceptions to the present without language limitation. We will also search for unpublished data to avoid missing more potential studies. Two authors will carry out study selection, data extraction, and methodological quality evaluation, respectively. RevMan 5.3 software will be utilized for statistical analysis. RESULTS: This study will summarize the up-to-date evidence about the anti-inflammatory effect of vitamin D for the management of adult patients with gingivitis through assessing modified gingival, gingival bleeding indices, inflammatory factors, plaque, quality of life, and any adverse events. CONCLUSION: This study may provide helpful evidence of vitamin D for the management of adult patients with gingivitis for clinical practice. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019156561.


Assuntos
Gengivite/tratamento farmacológico , Gengivite/psicologia , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Gengivite/patologia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitamina D/efeitos adversos
4.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 23: e200051, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101588

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is affected by different clinical conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of gingivitis on OHRQoL in adolescents. Methodology: This cohort study consisted of a random sample of 1,134 schoolchildren enrolled during 2012, in Santa Maria, Brazil. After two years, 743 adolescents were follow-up (response rate: 65.5%). Clinical, socioeconomic and OHRQoL data were collected. OHRQoL was assessed by the short Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14), and gingival bleeding through Community Periodontal Index. Gingivitis was considered with the presence of 15% or more bleeding sites. Poisson regression models were used to evaluate the association between gingivitis and overall and domain-specific CPQ11-14 scores. Prevalence of gingivitis at baseline was considered the main predictor for the OHRQoL at follow-up. Results: Gingivitis at baseline was associated with higher overall CPQ 11-14 score (RR = 1.07; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.14), and emotional well-being (RR = 1.17; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.31), independently of other oral conditions and socioeconomic variables. Conclusions: The findings indicate that gingivitis negatively impacts the adolescents' OHRQoL. Moreover, gender, maternal schooling and household income were also associated with OHRQoL.


RESUMO: Introdução: Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) é afetada por diferentes condições clínicas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da gengivite na QVRSB de adolescentes. Metodologia: Este estudo de coorte consistiu em uma amostra aleatória de 1.134 escolares iniciado em 2012, na cidade de Santa Maria, Brasil. Após dois anos, 743 adolescentes foram acompanhados (taxa de resposta: 65,5%). Dados clínicos, socioeconômicos e de QVRSB foram coletados. A QVRSB foi avaliada pela versão brasileira curta do Child Perceptions Questionnaire 11-14 (CPQ11-14) e o sangramento gengival foi coletado através do Índice Periodontal Comunitário. Gengivite foi considerada com o indivíduo apresentando 15% ou mais locais de sangramento. Os modelos de regressão de Poisson foram utilizados para avaliar a associação entre gengivite e os escores total e específico do domínio do CPQ11-14. A prevalência de gengivite na primeira avaliação foi considerada o preditor principal para a QVRSB no acompanhamento. Resultados: A gengivite no baseline foi associada à maior pontuação geral do CPQ 11-14 (RR = 1,07; IC95% 1,01 - 1,14) e ao domínio de bem-estar emocional (RR = 1,17; IC95% 1,04 - 1,31), independentemente das outras condições orais e variáveis socioeconômicas. Conclusão: Os achados indicam que a gengivite impacta negativamente a QVRSB de adolescentes. Além disso, sexo, escolaridade materna e renda familiar mensal também foram associados à QVRSB.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Qualidade de Vida , Gengivite/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Gengival/psicologia , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Longitudinais , Traumatismos Dentários/psicologia , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Gengivite/epidemiologia
5.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e112, 2018 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379213

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to verify if clinical signs of gingivitis such as color changes, edema, and bleeding in the anterior region influence the OHRQoL of adolescents. We followed a cross-sectional convenience sample of 67 adolescents aged 11 to 16 years receiving dental treatment at the Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM), in southern Brazil. The participants were evaluated for the following clinical variables: edema, gingival color alteration, and marginal bleeding of the gingival tissues, collected at 6 sites per tooth in the anterior region of the mouth. Socioeconomic variables were collected through questionnaires and OHRQoL was evaluated through the Brazilian version of the Children Perception Questionnaire (CPQ 11-14) short form. A Poisson regression model was used to verify associations between clinical variables and general CPQ11-14 scores. In the unadjusted analysis, edema, color alterations, and marginal bleeding in the anterior region were associated with worse scores of OHRQoL. Edema and marginal bleeding remained associated after adjusting for clinical and sociodemographic variables. Adolescents with higher levels of marginal bleeding and edema in the anterior region had higher mean CPQ11-14 scores. Therefore, the presence of bleeding and gingival edema in the anterior region can be considered clinical signs of gingivitis that are associated with a worse OHRQoL in adolescents.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Gengival/epidemiologia , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Edema/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hemorragia Gengival/patologia , Hemorragia Gengival/psicologia , Gengivite/patologia , Gengivite/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Distribuição de Poisson , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 76(1): 48-57, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28950739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This research aims to study the relationship between personality traits and periodontal clinical outcomes by taking into account the level of anxiety and depression, periodontal health and oral hygiene behaviour of patients affected with gingivitis or moderate periodontitis requiring periodontal therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The periodontal data of 40 systemically healthy patients affected by gingivitis or moderate periodontitis were collected at baseline and 18 months later. The psychological variables, dental awareness and adherence intent of the patients were assessed through questionnaires, and only those patients that exhibited a higher degree of compliance were included in the study. The personality traits (cluster A: paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal; cluster B: borderline, antisocial, narcissistic, and histrionic; cluster C: avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive) and the level of anxiety and depression of the patients were assessed. Patients were instructed with oral hygiene measures and were treated with periodontal therapy. RESULTS: Clusters A and B showed a consistent tendency for reduced levels of oral hygiene (increased full-mouth plaque score - FMPS). The results from cluster B were found to be significantly related to deep periodontal pockets at baseline. On the contrary, cluster C seemed to be linked to clinically better indices, particularly in terms of full-mouth-bleeding-score and pocket depth, both at baseline and 18 months later. The results collected from clusters B and C were directly correlated with anxiety, depression and FMPS. Moreover, anxiety was directly correlated with the patient's need for professional oral-care. CONCLUSIONS: Personality traits appear to play a significant role in determining the therapeutic outcomes of periodontal therapy in themselves. Thus, it is ideal for several important psychological, affective or behavioural factors to be associated with various personality traits so as to orient the outcome of periodontal therapy.


Assuntos
Gengivite/psicologia , Higiene Bucal/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia , Periodontite/psicologia , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Personalidade , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gengivite/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/terapia , Transtornos da Personalidade/complicações
7.
J Public Health Manag Pract ; 23(2): e1-e7, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27606887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the extent of self-awareness of gum disease among adults in the United States. METHODS: Data were from the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The outcome variable is self-awareness of gum disease. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between self-awareness and clinically diagnosed periodontitis. The analytical sample included 6876 participants. RESULTS: Among those participants (30 years or older) who were classified as having periodontitis, 27% (95% confidence interval [CI], 24.4-29.8) were self-aware of the disease (positive predicted value = 25%). Of those who self-reported having gum disease, 14.1% had a diagnosis of periodontitis (sensitivity = 75%). Older adults were less likely to be aware of gum disease (P < .05). Non-Hispanic blacks (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 0.67; 95% CI, 0.53-0.85) were less likely to be aware of the disease than non-Hispanic whites. Adults with diabetes (AOR = 1.61; 95% CI, 1.25-2.06), or with lung disease (AOR = 1.61; 95% CI, 1.25-2.08), or current smokers (AOR = 1.72; 95% CI, 1.29-2.31) were more likely to be aware of the disease. CONCLUSION: The study showed that self-awareness of gum disease among adults was low. Our study findings suggest that there is a great need to improve oral health knowledge and awareness among the adult population in the United States.


Assuntos
Conscientização , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Gengivite/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Gengiva/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
8.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 44(6): 523-530, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27430870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of using an intra-oral camera (IOC) during supportive periodontal therapy (SPT), on the psychological, behavioral, and clinical parameters of patients with gingivitis, outlined by evidence and a theory-based framework. METHODS: A group of 78 adult patients with gingivitis receiving an SPT was randomized into two groups: IOC and control. Bleeding on Marginal Probing (BOMP), self-reported dental hygiene behaviors, and psychological determinants of behavior change (outcome expectancies, self-efficacy, and planning) and IOC opinion were evaluated 1 week before or during the appointment and 4 months later. Repeated-measures anova was used to compare groups over time. RESULTS: Almost all the patients brushed their teeth daily, while 78% either never or hardly ever used dental floss. The IOC group showed significant improvements in BOMP index (P < 0.001), self-reported flossing (P < 0.05), and self-efficacy (P < 0.05) compared to the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The use of IOC significantly improves clinical, behavioral, and psychological determinants of periodontal health 4 months after treatment.


Assuntos
Gengivite/psicologia , Higiene Bucal/psicologia , Fotografia Dentária/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Gengivite/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Índice Periodontal , Fotografia Dentária/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 74(5): 368-73, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27244670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sense of Coherence (SOC) has been associated with perceived oral health measures, but the contribution of SOC to clinical measures is still unclear. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate the potential association between periodontal health outcomes, such as periodontal clinical parameters and perceived periodontal health, and SOC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample comprised 276 individuals, aged 18-60 years, from Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Participants answered questionnaires covering sociodemographic variables, self-perceived periodontal health and SOC. Full-mouth periodontal examinations were performed. The sample was divided into three groups according to SOC score: (a) SOC1 = weak (24-46); (b) SOC2 = moderate (47-51); (c) SOC3 = strong (52-65). Multivariate analyses including appropriate logistic or linear regression models were performed to evaluate the association between periodontal health outcomes and biological, sociodemographic and behavioural variables. RESULTS: Perceived general oral health was associated with family income bracket (p = 0.010), smoking (p = 0.004), dental flossing (p = 0.017) and SOC (weak SOC: p = 0.005). Perceived gum disease and perceived periodontal disease were associated with SOC (weak SOC: p = 0.001 and p = 0.015, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, perceived periodontal health outcomes were associated with SOC. However, no association between clinical periodontal health outcomes and SOC were observed.


Assuntos
Periodontite/psicologia , Senso de Coerência , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Gengivite/classificação , Gengivite/psicologia , Gengivite/terapia , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/classificação , Índice Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal/classificação , Periodontite/classificação , Periodontite/terapia , Autoimagem , Fumar/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 74(5): 343-7, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26881848

RESUMO

Objective The aim of the study was to investigate oral health-related knowledge, attitudes and habits and their relationship to perceived oral symptoms among 12-year-olds and differences between boys and girls. Material and methods The study population consisted of children (n = 588) in 15 randomly selected elementary schools in Turku, Finland. Associations between oral health-related habits, knowledge and attitudes with perceived oral symptoms and gender differences were evaluated with χ(2)-test, Mann-Whitney U-test and logistic regression analysis. Results Oral health promoting habits but not knowledge or attitudes associated significantly with absence of oral symptoms. Girls reported a higher percentage of several health promotional habits than boys. Girls reported more frequently gingival bleeding and less frequently dental calculus than boys did. The most common oral symptom was gingival bleeding. Conclusions The present findings suggest some gender-related differences in oral health habits, attitudes, as well as perceived oral symptoms in 12-year-olds. There seems, however, not to be gender differences in relation to knowledge or the association of health habits with perceived oral symptoms. It is important to maintain health promotion at schools and additional efforts should be aimed at translating knowledge into action.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Cálculos Dentários/psicologia , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia Gengival/psicologia , Gengivite/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Assunção de Riscos , Autorrelato , Fatores Sexuais , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Uso de Tabaco/psicologia , Odontalgia/psicologia , Escovação Dentária/psicologia
11.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 74(4): 285-90, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26609892

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate smokers' perceptions of and motivation for smoking cessation activities in dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS PATIENTS: who smoked were consecutively recruited from general as well as specialist dental care clinics in Sweden. After a dental visit the patients completed a questionnaire about self-perceived oral health, smoking habits, motivation, reasons to quit and not to quit smoking, support to quit, smoking cessation activities and questions about smoking asked by dentists and dental hygienists. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 167 adult patients (≥ 20 years) who smoked daily. During the last 6 months, 81% of the patients had experienced oral health problems. The most common complaints were discolourations of the teeth, periodontal problems and dry mouth (38%, 36% and 33%, respectively). Improved general health was a major reason to quit smoking (89%). It was also stated that it was important to avoid oral health problems. 71% of the patients preferred to quit by themselves and 16% wanted support from dentistry. High motivation to quit smoking was reported by 20%. Occurrence of periodontitis during the last 6 months was significantly associated with being highly motivated to stop smoking (OR = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.03-8.55). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that, although it was important to quit smoking to avoid oral health problems, the patients were not aware that tobacco cessation activities can be performed in dentistry. Periodontal problems seem to be the most motivating factor among the patients who were highly motivated to stop smoking.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Motivação , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia , Fumar/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Clínicas Odontológicas , Higienistas Dentários , Relações Dentista-Paciente , Feminino , Gengivite/etiologia , Gengivite/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/psicologia , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Tabagismo/complicações , Tabagismo/psicologia , Tabaco sem Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Descoloração de Dente/etiologia , Xerostomia/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 74(4): 265-71, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26599291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that certain individual, environmental and lifestyle factors are positively associated with beneficial health investment behaviours and oral/periodontal health among adolescents. METHODS: Five hundred and six randomly selected 19-year old subjects living in two different areas (Fyrbodal and Skaraborg) in the county council of Västra Götaland, Sweden participated in a clinical examination and answered questionnaires covering psycho-social and health behavioural issues. Two oral-health models were estimated with gingivitis score as an objective and self-perceived oral health as a subjective indicator. Three health- investment behaviour models were designed with indicators directly related to oral health and two with indicators related to general health as well. The explanatory variables included gender, upper secondary education programme, native country, living area, general self-efficacy and parents' education level. RESULTS: In the objective oral-health model, theoretical studies and living in the Skaraborg area were both positively associated with a lower gingivitis score. For the subjective oral-health indicator, none of the explanatory variables showed statistical significance. In the investment-behaviour model with 'tooth-brushing ≥ 2 times daily' as a health indicator, female gender and theoretical studies showed statistically significant associations. With the indicators 'no/few missed dental appointments', 'no tobacco use' and 'weekly exercise', theoretical studies were statistically significant and positively associated. In the investment model with 'perceived oral health care attention' as an indicator, a high score of general self-efficacy was significantly associated with the feeling of taking good care of the teeth. CONCLUSIONS: Individual, environmental and lifestyle factors are associated with young individuals' oral health investment behaviours and gingival health conditions.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica , Escolaridade , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Gengivite/classificação , Gengivite/psicologia , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , Pais/educação , Características de Residência , Autoeficácia , Fatores Sexuais , Suécia , Uso de Tabaco , Escovação Dentária , Adulto Jovem
13.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 14(2): 137-48, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26669656

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the factors associated with the perceptions of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children and preadolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 167 students aged 8-14 years were recruited from the public schools of Piracicaba, Brazil. Participants were examined for caries, gingivitis, fluorosis, malocclusions and signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). OHRQoL was measured using the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ 8-10 and 11-14), where higher scores indicate worse OHRQoL. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were evaluated using self-applied questionnaires. Sociodemographic characteristics, dental history and oral hygiene habits were evaluated using a questionnaire. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the variables associated with CPQ scores. RESULTS: Higher CPQ 8-10 scores were associated with fluorosis, TMD and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Higher CPQ 11-14 scores were associated with females, TMD and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Younger children (OR=0.32, p<0.05) with signs and symptoms of TMD (OR=4.38, p<0.01) and anxiety (OR=4.97, p<0.001) were more likely to present higher CPQ 8-10 scores. Poor OHRQoL was associated with TMD (OR=4.29, p<0.01) and depressive symptoms (OR=4.50, p<0.001) in preadolescents. CONCLUSIONS: The data indicate that experience of oral diseases and disorders as well as psychological phenomena, such as anxiety and depression, influenced oral health outcomes in this group of children and preadolescents.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Ansiedade/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Escolaridade , Características da Família , Feminino , Fluorose Dentária/psicologia , Gengivite/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Mães/educação , Higiene Bucal/psicologia , Autoimagem , Fatores Sexuais , Classe Social , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/psicologia
14.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 25(5): 366-74, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26211395

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the relationship between children's perception of caries and gingivitis and their oral health behaviours. DESIGN: Participants in this cross-sectional study were children aged 11-14 years. A questionnaire for measuring children's perceptions and behaviours was developed, validated and applied. Perceptions were analysed as predictors for behaviours using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 434 children (57% males) participated in the study. Half of them perceived caries as a disease and believed in visiting the dentist regularly regardless of dental need. More than 60% were unaware that gum bleeding is a sign of disease and only 60.7% believed that it requires a management. Being aware that gum bleeding is a sign of disease and that it requires treatment increased the odds of brushing 2.83 (OR = 2.83, 95% CI:1.33-6.12) and 2.1 (OR = 2.1, 95% CI:1.05-5.55) times, respectively. Children aware of importance of dental visits even without dental decay were 2.9 times more likely to visit the dentist regularly (OR = 2.86, 95% CI:1.25-5.75) and were 77% more likely to never miss a dental appointment (OR = 1.77, 95% CI:1.03-3.37). CONCLUSION: Being aware that bleeding gum requires treatment was a determinant of toothbrushing habit. Improved perceived need for dental check-up regardless of dental problem may promote children's preventive dental attendance.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Gengivite/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Feminino , Hemorragia , Humanos , Masculino , Higiene Bucal , Percepção , Inquéritos e Questionários , Escovação Dentária
15.
BMC Res Notes ; 8: 251, 2015 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26087661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain is considered a key symptom associated with possible impairment of oral-health-related quality of life and its assessment is important for the planning and evaluation of preventive and treatment effort. The tools for assessing pain must therefore be valid and consistent. The objective of this study was to assess dental patients' level of pain based on the clinical diagnosis of their dental condition and the correlation between two pain assessment scales, Visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Full Cup Test (FCT), for the assessment of pain among dental patients. METHODS: A total of 185 patients presenting at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital dental outpatient clinics with various forms of orofacial pain were included in this study. The mean VAS scores and mean FCT scores for the different dental conditions were compared. Agreement between VAS and FCT was evaluated using the Intra-class correlation (ICC) coefficients and Cronbach alpha coefficient was also calculated to assess consistency of the two pain scales. RESULTS: Majority i.e. 95.1, 96.2 and 100% who presented with acute pulpitis, acute apical periodontitis and pericoronitis respectively, presented with moderate to severe pain levels (p < 0.05). Only 25.9 and 4% who presented with chronic marginal gingivitis and chronic pulpitis respectively presented with no pain (p < 0.05). A large proportion (75%) of patients with no pain had single diagnosis while more than half (52.1%) of those who presented with severe pain had multiple diagnoses (p = 0.025). The mean VAS and FCT scores for acute pain were 6.1 ± 2.1 and 5.9 ± 2.4 respectively and for chronic pain 3.9 ± 2.7 and 3.7 ± 2.7 respectively (P = 0.001). The interclass correlation coefficient revealed that the mean VAS and FCT scores were statistically correlated and reliable with a Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.85. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that patients who presented with either acute or chronic dental conditions may experience moderate to severe level of pain, with patients with multiple diagnoses experiencing more severe pain, and there is a correlation between the VAS and FCT for pain assessment among dental patients.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/psicologia , Gengivite/psicologia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Pericoronite/psicologia , Periodontite/psicologia , Pulpite/psicologia , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Dor Crônica/complicações , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Dor Crônica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Gengivite/complicações , Gengivite/diagnóstico , Gengivite/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Percepção da Dor , Pericoronite/complicações , Pericoronite/diagnóstico , Pericoronite/fisiopatologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/fisiopatologia , Pulpite/complicações , Pulpite/diagnóstico , Pulpite/fisiopatologia
16.
Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; 16(2): 191-7, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25367819

RESUMO

AIM: To develop a socio-dental impact locus of control scale (SILOC) and to study its relationship with oral health status as well as dental attendance. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study design. METHOD: A seven-item SILOC scale based on locus of control and the WHO international classification of diseases' criteria for "Disability" in relation to oral health was developed. In the pilot study, 100 adolescent school children returned completed forms containing the multidimensional health locus of control (MHLC) and the (SILOC) scale. After confirmation of reliability and validity, 509 adolescent school children returned completed SILOC questionnaires and were examined for caries, plaque and gingivitis. A history of postponement of needed dental treatment was also elicited. RESULTS: The SILOC scores were highly correlated with the MHLC scores. Factor analysis revealed a two-factor solution accounting for 59 % of the variance. A Cronbach's alpha of 0.75 showed its internal consistency. Those with higher SILOC scores had greater levels of caries, plaque, gingivitis, and a history of postponing needed dental visits. Multiple logistic regression analysis after adjusting for potential confounders showed that those with high SILOC scores were more likely to have caries (OR = 3.32, p < 0.001), plaque (OR = 1.83, p = 0.026), gingivitis (OR = 1.80, p = 0.012) and a history of 'Postponement of needed dental treatment' (OR = 4.5, p < 0.001) as compared with the others. CONCLUSIONS: The SILOC scale showed satisfactory reliability and validity in measuring locus of control orientation in an Indian adolescent population.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Controle Interno-Externo , Saúde Bucal , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Cárie Dentária/classificação , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Placa Dentária/classificação , Placa Dentária/psicologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Gengivite/classificação , Gengivite/psicologia , Humanos , Renda , Índia , Masculino , Ocupações , Projetos Piloto , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Classe Social
17.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 13(3): 227-35, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25019107

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the associations between gingivitis, emotional status and quality of life in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four Brazilian students (11 to 12 years old) were examined for clinical and self-reported gingivitis. The participants were divided into two groups: those with gingivitis (n = 21) and controls (n = 43). Quality of life, anxiety and depression were measured using self-administered questionnaires. Saliva was collected 30 min after waking and at bedtime to measure the diurnal decline in salivary cortisol. The results were analysed using bivariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: There were significantly more female participants in the control group. Approximately 90% of the children with gingivitis had good oral hygiene and 10.5% had satisfactory oral hygiene. There was a significant positive correlation between anxiety and depression in both clinical groups. Anxiety was negatively correlated with quality of life in the control group. Depression was negatively correlated with quality of life and cortisol concentrations in the group with gingivitis, and with quality of life in the control group. Children with gingivitis were more likely to be older and males. CONCLUSIONS: Older children are more likely to experience gingival bleeding. The presence of gingivitis in children may be associated with worse psychological well-being, possibly compromising the quality of life.


Assuntos
Emoções , Gengivite/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Etários , Ansiedade/psicologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Criança , Ritmo Circadiano , Estudos Transversais , Cálculos Dentários/classificação , Índice de Placa Dentária , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Hemorragia Gengival/psicologia , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/análise , Masculino , Higiene Bucal/classificação , Índice de Higiene Oral , Saliva/química , Autoimagem , Fatores Sexuais , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Escovação Dentária
18.
J Periodontol ; 85(11): 1557-65, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24942231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Child oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL) has been increasingly assessed. However, the full relationship between gingivitis and COHRQoL has been assessed by only a small number of studies. This study aims to assess the association between gingival bleeding and how a child perceives its OHRQoL. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used multistage random sampling to enroll 1,134 12-year-old schoolchildren from Santa Maria, a southern city in Brazil. Participants were examined for gingival bleeding according to the community periodontal index criteria, a full-mouth clinical examination of six sites per tooth. COHRQoL was assessed by the Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for 11- to 14-Year-Old Children (CPQ11-14), and data on socioeconomic status were collected. Multilevel Poisson regression models fitted the association of gingivitis with overall and domain-specific CPQ11-14 scores. RESULTS: In general, children with bleeding in ≥15% of sites had higher total CPQ11-14 scores and domain-specific scores than their counterparts. This association persisted after adjustment for other potential confounders. The presence and extent of gingival bleeding was associated mainly with emotional limitation domains of the CPQ11-14; those with extended levels of gingivitis had a 1.20 times higher mean score than those with low-level/no gingival bleeding (rate ratio = 1.20; 95% confidence interval = 1.10 to 1.31). CONCLUSION: The present results indicate that the presence of extensive levels of gingivitis might be negatively associated with how children perceive their oral health and their daily life.


Assuntos
Gengivite/psicologia , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Saúde da Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Hemorragia Gengival/psicologia , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Mães/educação , Índice Periodontal , Fatores Sexuais , Classe Social , Traumatismos Dentários/psicologia
19.
Pediatr Dent ; 36(1): 24-8, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24717705

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the impact of sickle cell disease (SCD) on oral health and examine its impact on quality of life. METHODS: Fifty-four study subjects were recruited from the sickle cell clinic and 52 control subjects from the adolescent medicine clinic at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio. A dental exam was performed to determine each participant's caries burden. The Child Oral Health Impact Profile survey was used to assess their oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). RESULTS: Most subjects in both the SCD and control groups rated their overall health and oral health as "good" or "excellent." There was no statistically significant difference in OHRQoL between these groups. Additionally, no significant relationship was found between white blood cell count, medication intake, or the number of sickle cell crises as related to the caries burden. Statistically significant differences were detected in caries burden between the control group and the sickle cell hemoglobin C disease (HbSC) group (P<.02) and between the sickle cell anemia and HbSC subjects (P=.04). CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with sickle cell hemoglobin C disease had fewer caries than peers with sickle cell anemia or controls, though the cause of this finding is not clear.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/psicologia , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Anemia Falciforme/tratamento farmacológico , Anemia Falciforme/fisiopatologia , Antidrepanocíticos/uso terapêutico , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Criança , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Emoções , Feminino , Gengivite/classificação , Gengivite/psicologia , Nível de Saúde , Doença da Hemoglobina SC/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Hemoglobina SC/fisiopatologia , Doença da Hemoglobina SC/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Higiene Bucal , Autoimagem , Meio Social
20.
J Periodontol ; 85(8): e287-94, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24669848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to examine whether anxiety and depression scale scores change with regard to clinical periodontal status and to investigate the association between the levels of stress-related hormones in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and extent/severity of periodontal disease. METHODS: One hundred twenty participants who fulfilled the study inclusion criteria were chosen. Patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) and those with healthy periodontal tissues/mild gingivitis were included. The clinical examinations were performed on the day after the psychologic evaluations which included anxiety and depression measurements. GCF sampling was undertaken the following day. Commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits were used to determine GCF cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels. Study groups were assigned as follows: group 1, non-periodontitis; group 2, localized CP; and group 3, generalized CP. RESULTS: There were no significant differences with respect to age, sex, education, income level, occupation, or smoking history among the groups (P >0.05). There were no significant differences between the non-periodontitis and CP groups for any of the psychosocial scales (P >0.05). Group 3 had significantly higher mean DHEA scores compared with group 1 (P <0.05); however, the median cortisol scores showed no statistically significant differences among the three groups (P >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety/depression scores and GCF cortisol levels did not show any difference with regard to clinical periodontal status. However, a significant association was found between elevated levels of GCF DHEA and the severity of periodontitis.


Assuntos
Desidroepiandrosterona/análise , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Hidrocortisona/análise , Índice Periodontal , Adulto , Ansiedade/metabolismo , Ansiedade/psicologia , Periodontite Crônica/metabolismo , Periodontite Crônica/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice de Placa Dentária , Depressão/metabolismo , Depressão/psicologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Gengivite/metabolismo , Gengivite/psicologia , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/metabolismo , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/psicologia , Bolsa Periodontal/metabolismo , Bolsa Periodontal/psicologia , Fumar , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
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