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1.
Genebra; Organización Mundial de la Salud; maio 1, 2020. 4 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol, Português | Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1095982

RESUMO

Conforme declarado pela OMS, o surto de COVID-19 e a resposta a ele têm sido acompanhados por uma enorme infodemia: um excesso de informações, algumas precisas e outras não, que tornam difícil encontrar fontes idôneas e orientações confiáveis quando se precisa. A palavra infodemia se refere a um grande aumento no volume de informações associadas a um assunto específico, que podem se multiplicar exponencialmente em pouco tempo devido a um evento específico, como a pandemia atual. Nessa situação, surgem rumores e desinformação, além da manipulação de informações com intenção duvidosa. Na era da informação, esse fenômeno é amplificado pelas redes sociais e se alastra mais rapidamente, como um vírus


Según ha declarado la OMS, el brote de COVID-19 y la respuesta correspondiente han estado acompañados de una infodemia masiva, es decir, de una cantidad excesiva de información ‒en algunos casos correcta, en otros no‒ que dificulta que las personas encuentren fuentes confiables y orientación fidedigna cuando las necesitan. El término infodemia se refiere a un gran aumento del volumen de información relacionada con un tema particular, que puede volverse exponencial en un período corto debido a un incidente concreto como la pandemia actual. En esta situación aparecen en escena la desinformación y los rumores, junto con la manipulación de la información con intenciones dudosas. En la era de la información, este fenómeno se amplifica mediante las redes sociales, propagándose más lejos y más rápido, como un virus


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Gestão da Informação/educação , Gestão da Informação/instrumentação , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Comunicação , Comunicação em Saúde/classificação , Comunicação em Saúde/tendências
2.
BMJ Open ; 9(3): e025460, 2019 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess health informatics (HI) training in UK postgraduate medical education, across all specialties, against international standards in the context of UK digital health initiatives (eg, Health Data Research UK, National Health Service Digital Academy and Global Digital Exemplars). DESIGN: A mixed methods study of UK postgraduate clinician training curricula (71 specialties) against international HI standards: scoping review, curricular content analysis and expert consultation. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A scoping literature review (PubMed until March 2017) informed development of a contemporary framework of HI competency domains for doctors. National training curricula for 71 postgraduate medical specialties were obtained from the UK General Medical Council and were analysed. Seven UK HI experts were consulted regarding findings. OUTCOMES: The International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) Recommendations for Biomedical and Health Informatics Education were used to develop a framework of competency domains. The number (maximum 50) of HI competency domains included in each of the 71 UK postgraduate medical specialties was investigated. After expert review, a universal HI competency framework was proposed. RESULTS: A framework of 50 HI competency domains was developed using 21 curricula from a scoping review, curricular content analysis and expert consultation. All 71 UK postgraduate medical curricula documents were mapped across 29 of 50 framework domains; that is, 21 domains were unrepresented. Curricula mapped between 0 (child and adolescent psychiatry and core surgical training) and 16 (chemical pathology and paediatric and perinatal pathology) of the 50 domains (median=7). Expert consultation found that HI competencies should be universal and integrated with existing competencies for UK clinicians and were under-represented in current curricula. Additional universal HI competencies were identified, including information governance and security and secondary use of data. CONCLUSIONS: Postgraduate medical education in the UK neglects HI competencies set out by international standards. Key HI competencies need to be urgently integrated into training curricula to prepare doctors for work in increasingly digitised healthcare environments.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Informática Médica/normas , Currículo , Prova Pericial , Humanos , Gestão da Informação/educação , Gestão da Informação/normas , Tecnologia da Informação/normas , Capacitação em Serviço , Informática Médica/educação , Reino Unido
3.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 10(2)jul.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1042894

RESUMO

Introducción: El aula invertida resulta una modalidad educativa utilizada en la actualidad, donde el estudiante no es un agente pasivo en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje, en esta modalidad juega un papel importante la selección adecuada de los temas por parte de los docentes. Objetivo: Diseñar una estrategia utilizando la modalidad Aula Invertida, aplicada a los estudiantes de primer año de medicina, para el desarrollo de competencias en Software Libre para la Gestión de Información de los contenidos teóricos de los temas I y II de la asignatura Informática Médica. Material y método: Se le aplicó a la totalidad de los estudiantes matriculados en el primer año del curso escolar 2017-2018, previa selección por parte del colectivo docente de los temas a tratar y la preparación de materiales al efecto. Resultados: Se alcanzaron resultados favorables y de calidad por parte de los estudiantes. Conclusiones: La utilización de esta modalidad permitió en el momento de la clase el debate y resumen de los temas y el mejor aprovechamiento del tiempo disponible, así como el logro de habilidades prácticas. Favorece la independencia y autonomía de los estudiantes en la adquisición de conocimientos y habilidades(AU)


Introduction: The flipped classroom turns out to be an educational modality used nowadays, where the student is not a passive agent in the teaching-learning process, in this modality the appropriate selection of the topics by the teachers plays an important role. Objective: Design a strategy using the Flipped Classroom modality, applied to first-year medical students, for the development of Free Software competencies for the Information Management of the theoretical contents of the Medical Informatics subject. Method: I was applied to all students enrolled in the first year of the school year 2017-2018, after selection by the faculty of the topics to be treated and the preparation of materials to that effect. Results: Favorable and quality results were achieved by the students. Conclusions: The use of this modality allowed the debate and summary of the topics and the best use of the available time, as well as the achievement of practical skills. It favors the independence and autonomy of students in the acquisition of knowledge and skills(AU)


Assuntos
Informática Médica , Design de Software , Gestão da Informação/educação , Práticas Interdisciplinares
5.
Gac méd espirit ; 19(3)sept-dic. 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-69165

RESUMO

En la actualidad se vive en un mundo marcado por el vertiginoso avance tecnológico y el incremento de las redes sociales; esta compleja dinámica que desarrolla la sociedad cubana, impone desafíos en el Sistema Interno de Propiedad Intelectual como soporte en la gestión del conocimiento. La gestión del conocimiento constituye un nuevo enfoque gerencial, que utiliza el recurso humano y su conocimiento en función del desarrollo de entidades y empresas. La innovación tecnológica, como una de las vertientes de estos saberes, se encuentra entre los factores que contribuyen al aumento de la productividad y el crecimiento económico sostenido, sin embargo, los resultados de la innovación requieren de protección jurídica diseñada en la Propiedad Intelectual(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Propriedade Intelectual , Gestão da Informação/educação , Cuba
6.
J Nurses Prof Dev ; 33(3): 138-141, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28471996

RESUMO

E-learning provides an alternative approach to traditional professional development activities. A learning management system may help nursing professional development practitioners deliver content more efficiently and effectively; however, careful consideration is needed during planning and implementation. This article provides essential information in the selection and use of a learning management system for professional development.


Assuntos
Gestão da Informação/educação , Internet , Aprendizagem , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Educação Continuada em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Humanos , Gestão da Informação/normas , Modelos Educacionais , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/normas
8.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 27(4)oct.-dic. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-67098

RESUMO

Una ontología constituye una herramienta útil para trabajar la heterogeneidad de los datos y su semantización, para elevar la calidad en los procesos de organización, búsqueda y recuperación de la información en los sistemas de gestión institucionales, especialmente de aquellos implementados en la Web de una universidad. Por lo general, las universidades cuentan con un acervo de conocimientos pluridisciplinarios, registrados en diferentes formatos, por lo que se propone UH-Ontology para el manejo de sus datos, tomando a la Universidad de La Habana como ejemplo de su implementación. En el artículo se presentan las características y condiciones de los datos heterogéneos que actualmente se gestionan desde los diferentes sistemas de gestión de información en la universidad, lo que ha motivado la presentación de una propuesta de marco metodológico para el diseño de una ontología para el manejo de datos heterogéneos en esta institución. Se presenta la propuesta de diseño de la ontología, sus clases, anotaciones, lenguajes ontológicos y esquema de anotación semántica siguiendo la metodología de Noy and McGuinness y ProtegÞ como herramienta para su construcción(AU)


An ontology is a useful tool to deal with the heterogeneity of data and their semantization, with a view to raising the quality of processes of organization, search and retrieval of information in institutional management systems, particularly those implemented in a university web. In view of the wealth of multidisciplinary knowledge treasured by the Universities, a UH Ontology is proposed for the management of data. The paper describes the characteristics and conditions of the heterogeneous data currently managed by various information management systems at the Universities, and proposes a methodological framework for the design of an ontology for the management of heterogeneous data at the institution. The proposal includes the design of the ontology, its classes, annotations, ontological languages and semantic annotation scheme, based on the methodology developed by Noy and McGuinness and the software Protégé as a construction tool(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Gestão da Informação/educação , Metodologias Computacionais , Metodologia , Semântica
9.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 228: 359-63, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27577404

RESUMO

The terminology for the management of health information systems is characterized by complexity and polysemy which is both challenging for medical informatics students and practitioners. SNIK, an ontology of information management (IMI) in hospitals, brings together IM concepts from different literature sources. Based on SNIK, we developed a blended learning scenario to teach medical informatics students IM concepts and their relationships. In proof-of-concept teaching units, students found the use of SNIK in teaching and learning motivating and useful. In the next step, the blended learning scenario will be rolled out to an international course for medical informatics students.


Assuntos
Gestão da Informação/educação , Informática Médica/organização & administração , Ensino , Vocabulário Controlado
10.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 228: 369-73, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27577406

RESUMO

The increasing number of terms used in textbooks for information management (IM) in hospitals makes it difficult for medical informatics students to grasp IM concepts and their interrelations. Formal ontologies which comprehend and represent the essential content of textbooks can facilitate the learning process in IM education. The manual construction of such ontologies is time-consuming and thus very expensive [3]. Moreover, most domain experts lack skills in using a formal language like OWL [2] and usually have no experience with standard editing tools like Protégé http://protege.stanford.edu [4,5]. This paper presents an ontology modeling approach based on Excel2OWL, a self-developed tool which efficiently supports domain experts in collaboratively constructing ontologies from textbooks. This approach was applied to classic IM textbooks, resulting in an ontology called SNIK. Our method facilitates the collaboration between domain experts and ontologists in the development process. Furthermore, the proposed approach enables ontologists to detect modeling errors and also to evaluate and improve the quality of the resulting ontology rapidly. This approach allows us to visualize the modeled textbooks and to analyze their semantics automatically. Hence, it can be used for e-learning purposes, particularly in the field of IM in hospitals.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Vocabulário Controlado , Sistemas de Informação Hospitalar , Gestão da Informação/educação , Internet , Informática Médica/educação , Semântica , Livros de Texto como Assunto
11.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 27(3)jul.-set. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-67106

RESUMO

El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo identificar en qué medida los programas de los diplomados en Gestión de la Información y Gestión del Conocimiento desarrollan un conjunto de competencias profesionales para sus graduados, en función de las necesidades de sus organizaciones. Se elaboró un cuestionario para valorar la importancia de 30 competencias agrupadas en cuatro dimensiones (gestión de información, relaciones interpersonales y la comunicación, tecnologías de la información, y gestión organizacional), validadas con el método Delphi. Fue aplicado a profesores, estudiantes y representantes de sus organizaciones de procedencia. Se analizó el grado de satisfacción con el aprendizaje de estas competencias percibida por los alumnos y el grado de inclusión en los programas por parte de los profesores. Para valorar el grado de importancia de las competencias se utilizaron la mediana y la desviación estándar obtenidas en el tratamiento estadístico de las respuestas. Se obtuvo para las tres muestras y con escasa diferencia significativa que el programa de los diplomados es valorado como bueno. La dimensión más importante, así como la percepción de la satisfacción del aprendizaje por los estudiantes y el grado de inclusión en los programas de estudios por los profesores, está relacionado con las competencias de la dimensión relaciones interpersonales y la comunicación y la menos valorada fue la relacionada con las tecnologías de la información. El modelo de evaluación presentado permitió identificar las deficiencias en los programas de estudio y establecer las recomendaciones para su mejora en cuanto a las competencias profesionales en sus nuevas ediciones(AU)


The purpose of the present study is to identify the degree to which syllabuses for diploma courses on information management and knowledge management develop a number of professional competencies in their graduates in keeping with the needs of their organizations. A questionnaire was developed to evaluate the importance of 30 competencies distributed into four categories: information management, interpersonal relationships and communication, information technologies and organizational management, all of which were validated with the Delphi method. The questionnaire was applied to teachers, students and representatives from the students' organizations. An analysis was performed of the degree of satisfaction with the learning of these competencies as perceived by the students, and the extent to which teachers included them in the syllabuses. Assessment of the importance of the competencies studied was based on the mean and standard deviation obtained from the statistical analysis of responses. The result obtained for the three samples was that the diploma syllabus is perceived as good, with an insignificant difference between them. The most important category, as well as the one with the highest student satisfaction and degree of inclusion into syllabuses was interpersonal relationships and communication. The least favored was information technologies. The evaluation model herein presented made it possible to identify the deficiencies present in syllabuses and make recommendations for their improvement in relation to professional competencies in future editions(AU)


Assuntos
Competência Profissional , Gestão da Informação/educação , Gestão do Conhecimento , /métodos
12.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 27(3)jul.-set. 2016. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-67105

RESUMO

El presente estudio tiene como objetivo proponer acciones estratégicas que encaminen y articulen la investigación científica en el campo de conocimiento de la Comunicación Social desde las funciones fundamentales de la gestión, particularmente en los centros universitarios cubanos. Para esto se utilizaron técnicas como el análisis documental, la entrevista a expertos y la herramienta estratégica Matriz DAFO. Se considera que la investigación en Comunicación Social en el dicho contexto de análisis tiene elementos distintivos como: insuficiente cultura investigativa de los actores, no existen pautas que rijan la gestión de la investigación y bajo nivel de prioridad para la actividad científica. Se ayuda a visualizar la importancia de la gestión de la investigación y a aumentar una cultura científica necesaria en los investigadores a partir de un marco estratégico que permita reconocer al campo de estudio no solo como campo profesional sino también como espacio científico y académico(AU)


The purpose of the present study is to propose strategic actions aimed at steering and articulating scientific research in the field of Social Communication from the perspective of core management functions, particularly in Cuban university institutions. Use was made of techniques such as document analysis, expert interviews and SWOT analysis. In this context of analysis, Social Communication research is considered to have the following distinctive features: insufficient research culture among researchers, lack of guidelines governing research management, and low priority awarded to scientific research. The study helps visualize the importance of research management and improve scientific culture among researchers in a strategic framework enabling perception of the field of study not only as a professional field, but also as a scientific and academic space(AU)


Assuntos
Comunicação Social , Gestão da Informação/educação , Pesquisa Científica e Desenvolvimento Tecnológico
13.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 27(2)abr.-jun. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-67112

RESUMO

El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar los elementos, procesos y sistemas de información relacionados con la gestión documental, la gestión de información, la inteligencia organizacional y la gestión del conocimiento que inciden en la toma de decisiones estratégicas de instituciones de información. Se utilizó el análisis documental para examinar los componentes y características particulares de cada uno de estos procesos gerenciales y el modo en que inciden en los máximos niveles de decisión organizacional de las instituciones de información. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo para esclarecer y precisar los recursos, los procesos y los sistemas informacionales que intervienen en la toma de decisiones estratégicas de bibliotecas, archivos y centros de información de amplio reconocimiento para el sector de las Ciencias de la Información en Cuba. Los documentos archivísticos, la información organizacional interna y externa y el conocimiento constituyen recursos clave para la toma de decisiones estratégicas. Entre los componentes asociados a estos procesos gerenciales se destacan los sistemas de gestión documental y los sistemas de información organizacional. Los procesos informacionales y cognitivos que inciden en la toma de decisiones son la identificación de necesidades de información y los flujos informativos, la búsqueda y selección de información, al análisis, así como la creación y uso de conocimiento organizacional. La toma de decisiones ha adquirido una marcada dependencia hacia los procesos gerenciales relacionados con la información y el conocimiento; de ahí su carácter informacional, por lo que se requiere una adecuada proyección e interrelación de estos para garantizar decisiones efectivas sobre la base de un buen uso de estos recursos estratégicos(AU)


The study is aimed at identifying the information systems, elements and processes related to record, information and knowledge management and organizational intelligence which influence strategic decision making at information institutions. Document analysis was used to examine the particular characteristics and components of each of these management processes, as well as their influence on the top levels of organizational decision making at information institutions. A descriptive analysis was performed to clarify and accurately determine the information systems, resources and processes involved in strategic decision making at libraries, archives and information centers of broad recognition in the sector of information sciences in Cuba. Archival documents, internal and external organizational information, and knowledge are key resources in strategic decision making. Document management and organizational information systems stand out among the components associated to these management processes. The information and cognitive processes influencing decision making are the identification of information needs and information flows, the search for and selection of information, and the creation, analysis and use of organizational knowledge. Decision making has become heavily dependent on management processes related to information and knowledge, hence its informational nature. Therefore, these strategic resources should be appropriately projected and interrelated to ensure the effectiveness of decisions(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Tomada de Decisões Gerenciais , Gestão da Informação/educação , Inteligência , Eficiência Organizacional , Gestão do Conhecimento
16.
MULTIMED ; 20(6)2016.
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-72441

RESUMO

Se realizó un cuasi experimento pedagógico durante el periodo de septiembre del 2014 a enero de 2016, durante la impartición de la Informática Médica, con estudiantes de las carreras de Medicina y Estomatología en la Filial de Ciencias Médicas de Bayamo, para lograr mayores niveles de eficiencia en el desarrollo de la habilidad gestionar información, a partir del trabajo conjunto del colectivo de profesores y especialistas del centro de información. Se desarrollaron actividades de preparación conjunta y la impartición de los contenidos de Infomed y sus servicios con los especialistas del centro de información provincial. Se utilizó la observación, entrevistas y la aplicación de pruebas pedagógicas. El estudio permitió demostrar que el trabajo conjunto del colectivo de profesores y los especialistas del Centro de Información, contribuye de manera favorable al desarrollo de la habilidad gestionar información en los estudiantes(AU)


It was developed a quasi pedagogical experiment during the period from September 2014 to January 2016, during the teaching of the subject of medical informatics on students of Medicine and Dentistry in Bayamo Filial of Medicine University, to achieve better efficiency levels in the development of information management skills. It was carried out from the idea of the joint work of the collective of professors and specialistsof the provincial Health Information Center were developed activities together and the teaching of the contents of Infomed and its services with the specialists of the Health Information Center. It was used the observation interview, and pedagogical test. The study allowed demonstrating that the joint work of the collective of professors and specialists of the Health Information Center, contributes favorably to the development of the management information skills on students of Medicine and Dentistry Careers


Assuntos
Gestão da Informação/educação , Estudantes de Odontologia , Estudantes de Medicina , Centros de Informação , Aptidão
17.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 7(2): 144-152, July.-Dec. 2015.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-769430

RESUMO

La gestión de la información constituye un elemento fundamental en las empresas. La intranet garantiza que la información se encuentre centralizada y se logre una mayor comunicación. El Centro Nacional de Genética Médica (CNGM) cuenta con una intranet para mantener informados a los usuarios. Este trabajo se realizó con el objetivo de describir la estructura de la intranet e identificar necesidades de información y conocimientos entre los trabajadores. Se utilizó el sistema de gestión de contenido Drupal para la confección del sitio web y se aplicó una encuesta para determinar y mejorar las necesidades de información. El análisis realizado permitió mejorar el diseño y la calidad de los temas publicados en el portalAU)


The management of information is a key element in companies. The intranet ensures that the information is centralized and more communication is achieved. The National Centre for Medical Genetics (CNGM) has an Intranet to keep users informed. This work was performed with the aim to describe the structure of the Intranet and identify information needs and knowledge among workers. System Drupal content management was used for making the website and a survey was used to determine and improve the information needs. The analysis made possible to improve the design and quality of the topics posted on the website(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Informática Médica , Linguagens de Programação , Design de Software , Gestão da Informação/educação
18.
J Registry Manag ; 42(2): 70-2, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26360108

RESUMO

The role of the cancer registrar is essential in the effort to gather essential information on most types of cancer diagnosed or treated within a health care institution or within a defined population. These data are used to inform a variety of public health decisions and provide information for cancer diagnosis, treatment, and prevention programs. Effective January 1, 2015, all abstraction of medical records for cancer cases at Commission on Cancer (CoC)-accredited facilities must be performed by cancer registrars who have achieved the Certified Tumor Registrar (CTR) credential. There is a national shortage of CTRs; the National Cancer Registrars Association (NCRA) registration directory, accessed in January 2013, listed just 70 CTRs for Wisconsin. Based on the average annual number of over 29,000 invasive, consolidated cancer cases in Wisconsin (diagnosed in 2006-2010), the average number of cases per CTR was 415, while the US average was 328 cases per CTR. Using this workload estimate, in comparison with other states, Wisconsin was burdened with the sixth highest caseload per CTR in the United States and the highest in the Midwest. Further, there were only 6 Wisconsin candidates for the NCRA CTR-certification exam in 2013.


Assuntos
Certificação/normas , Gestão da Informação/educação , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Seleção de Pessoal/normas , Sistema de Registros/normas , Comitês Consultivos , Humanos , Wisconsin/epidemiologia
19.
Pan Afr Med J ; 20: 334, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26175824

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Reliable health information is essential for decision making in the healthcare system. Information management in Kenya was considered the weakest area under the Health Information System pillar mainly due to inadequate health workers capacity. The study therefore aimed at assessing health workers skills and current training needs for information management in the selected healthcare facilities. METHODS: Cross-section research design was adopted and both purposive sampling technique and censuses were used to establish the study participants. Analysis was done using SPSS version 20 and results were presented in tables, charts and graphs. RESULTS: It was established that capacity building was usually undertaken through on-job trainings i.e. 85.1% (103) health workers had on-job training on filling of data collection tools and only 10% (13) had received formal classroom training on the same. Further, only 9.1% (11) health workers had received information management training while 90.9% (110) had not received such training. Health workers demonstrated below average skills on information management i.e. only 17.4% (21) could check for data accuracy, only 16.5% (20) could compute trends from bar charts and only 16.5% (20) could transform the data they collected into meaningful information for use. CONCLUSION: The researcher recommended that healthcare facilities management teams develop a competency based framework for defining the desired skill mix for information management and have a yearly Training Needs Assessment for assessing training needs for information management among the health workers.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional/métodos , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Gestão da Informação/educação , Saúde Pública , Estudos Transversais , Instalações de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Quênia
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