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1.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 363-367, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437946

RESUMO

Methods for cardiac tissue engineering and application in experiments are core technologies developed at the Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology in Göttingen. As is the case in many academic research laboratories data capture and documentation may be improved to latest methods of digital research. A comprehensive information system infrastructure is the foundation of further advances toward automation of lab processes. A data management system concept is proposed and prototypically deployed that enables traceability of assets within the lab and reproducibility of published assays and results. The prototype integrates existing electronic lab notebook, experiment result database, and a newly introduced research data management system by means of a custom developed portal and integration component. The architecture concept and developed integration tools explore connection of routine experimental work in a biomedical research lab to a universal infrastructure of data.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Engenharia Tecidual , Gestão do Conhecimento , Laboratórios , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 20(1): 164, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For large international research consortia, such as those funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 programme or the Innovative Medicines Initiative, good data coordination practices and tools are essential for the successful collection, organization and analysis of the resulting data. Research consortia are attempting ever more ambitious science to better understand disease, by leveraging technologies such as whole genome sequencing, proteomics, patient-derived biological models and computer-based systems biology simulations. RESULTS: The IMI eTRIKS consortium is charged with the task of developing an integrated knowledge management platform capable of supporting the complexity of the data generated by such research programmes. In this paper, using the example of the OncoTrack consortium, we describe a typical use case in translational medicine. The tranSMART knowledge management platform was implemented to support data from observational clinical cohorts, drug response data from cell culture models and drug response data from mouse xenograft tumour models. The high dimensional (omics) data from the molecular analyses of the corresponding biological materials were linked to these collections, so that users could browse and analyse these to derive candidate biomarkers. CONCLUSIONS: In all these steps, data mapping, linking and preparation are handled automatically by the tranSMART integration platform. Therefore, researchers without specialist data handling skills can focus directly on the scientific questions, without spending undue effort on processing the data and data integration, which are otherwise a burden and the most time-consuming part of translational research data analysis.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Gestão do Conhecimento , Biologia de Sistemas , Pesquisa Médica Translacional/métodos , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Proteômica , Software , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
3.
Medisan ; 23(2)mar.-abr. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002641

RESUMO

Los profesionales de la salud desempeñan un papel clave en la utilización racional y la regulación de los recursos sanitarios disponibles. En este artículo se presentan los fundamentos teóricos y las tendencias históricas que caracterizan la formación de posgrado de los gestores de ciencia, tecnología e innovación en salud para la gestión de la evaluación de tecnologías sanitarias. Asimismo, se define el concepto de formación de posgrado para la gestión de la evaluación de tecnologías sanitarias y se determinan las tres etapas que han caracterizado la evolución de este proceso, asociadas con las demandas que provienen del contexto histórico del desarrollo de esta actividad en las instituciones de salud. Se constató que no existe una propuesta teórico-metodológica que permita la apropiación, actualización y profundización en los conocimientos y las habilidades para la gestión de la evaluación de tecnologías sanitarias.


Health professionals play a key role in the rational use and regulation of the available health resources. The theoretical bases and the historical tendencies that characterize the postgraduate training of the science, technology and innovation in health agents for the management of the health technologies evaluation are presented in this work. The training postgraduate concept for the management of the health technologies evaluation is defined. The three stages which have characterized the course of this process, associated with the demands coming from the historical context of the development of this activity in the health institutions are determined. It was verified that a methodological theoretical proposal that allows the appropriation, updating and deepening in the knowledge and skills for the management of the health technologies evaluation doesn't exist.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gestão de Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação em Saúde , Programas de Pós-Graduação em Saúde , Gestão do Conhecimento , Conhecimento , Tecnologia Biomédica , Papel Profissional
4.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 258: 158-162, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942736

RESUMO

Clinical trials form the backbone of evidence-based medicine. They are indispensable tools that make it possible to compare medical interventions or test medical devices for their efficacy and safety. Each study design exactly defines which data is to be collected. Case report forms (CRFs) are used to document the collected data. Preparing CRFs is complicating, time consuming and requires extensive knowledge in the fields of medicine, data management and statistics. In addition, there are no global standards for CRF design, which means that each research institution produces CRF data definitions at its own discretion. This hampers the exchange of data definitions among different research groups and variants of CRFs might be created for a similar study design. To address these problems, we developed a concept for a freely accessible portal in the form of a web application in which definitions for CRFs, variables and tables can be created. The created data definitions can be exported from the portal to be transferred to common electronic data capture systems (EDC) that can then generate CRFs using the definition. The overall objective of the project is to develop a data dictionary system that is used during the entire workflow of a study and that enables sharing and re-use of metadata.


Assuntos
Metadados , Projetos de Pesquisa , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Coleta de Dados , Gestão do Conhecimento , Fluxo de Trabalho
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30925750

RESUMO

Despite the increasing emphasis placed on knowledge management (KM) by the business sector and the common belief that creating, acquiring, sharing, and the use of knowledge enable individuals, teams, and communities to achieve superior performance, within the healthcare context, there is still room from improvements from both the theoretical and empirical perspectives. The purpose of this paper is to outline the contribution of KM process to the social- and economic-related outcomes in the context of health organizations. Given the theoretical approach on the considered concepts and their relationships, a conceptual model and seven research hypotheses were proposed. The empirical data were provided by a cross-sectional investigation including 459 medical and nonmedical employees of Romanian heath organizations, selected by a mixed method sampling procedure. A partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) approach was selected to provide information on the relevance and significance of the first- and second-order constructs, test the hypotheses, and conduct an importance performance matrix analysis. The PLS-SEM estimation showed positive and significant relationships between KM process and quality of healthcare, and organizational-level social and economic outcomes. Moreover, the research results provided evidences for the complex complementary mediation of the quality of healthcare and social-related outcomes on the relationships between KM process and social and economic outcomes. The theoretical and managerial implications are discussed and suggestions for future research are provided at the end of the paper.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Gestão do Conhecimento , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/métodos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30759728

RESUMO

Investing in a sustainable future has no alternative; the healthcare sector in developing countries has failed to achieve sustainability objectives. Knowledge management (KM) is a concrete application of sustainability in healthcare, as organizations (hospitals) that manage their knowledge assets will gain sustainable competitive advantage. Several organizations in developed countries are moving towards the adoption of knowledge management so that they can manage their knowledge well and improve their performance. Due to the effective implementation of KM in developed countries, developing countries are also considering adopting KM in their healthcare. In this study, an attempt has been made to identify the drivers of KM adoption in public and private hospitals of Pakistan. With the help of an extensive literature review and expert opinion, the drivers were identified and a hierarchical structure was developed. Nineteen drivers were identified and screened out by experts. The experts identified the contextual relationships between the drivers during a brainstorming session. The hierarchical model of the drivers for KM in the healthcare of Pakistan was eventually developed using interpretive structural modeling (ISM). The structure has 10 levels, in which "developed competitive advantage" formed the foundation of the structure and "job creation" and "improvement in the reputation of healthcare" formed the topmost level. The "Matrices d'Impacts Croises Multiplication Appliqué a un Classement" (MICMAC) analysis classified the drivers by categorizing them according to their driving and dependence powers. One driver is identified as autonomous, six drivers as dependent, seven drivers as linkage, and five drivers as independent. The analysis of KM drivers will provide a good understanding of the interdependence and interactions between them and support the effect adoption of KM in developing countries especially in Pakistan.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Administração Hospitalar , Hospitais/classificação , Gestão do Conhecimento , Países em Desenvolvimento , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Paquistão , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30781625

RESUMO

Canada regularly faces environmental public health (EPH) disasters. Given the importance of evidence-based, risk-informed decision-making, we aimed to critically assess the integration of EPH expertise and research into each phase of disaster management. In-depth interviews were conducted with 23 leaders in disaster management from Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia, and were complemented by other qualitative methods. Three topics were examined: governance, knowledge creation/translation, and related barriers/needs. Data were analyzed through a four-step content analysis. Six critical success factors emerged from the analysis: blending the best of traditional and modern approaches; fostering community engagement; cultivating relationships; investing in preparedness and recovery; putting knowledge into practice; and ensuring sufficient human and financial resources. Several promising knowledge-to-action strategies were also identified, including mentorship programs, communities of practice, advisory groups, systematized learning, and comprehensive repositories of tools and resources. There is no single roadmap to incorporate EPH expertise and research into disaster management. Our findings suggest that preparation for and management of EPH disaster risks requires effective long-term collaboration between science, policy, and EPH practitioners at all levels in order to facilitate coordinated and timely deployment of multi-sectoral/jurisdictional resources when and where they are most needed.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres/estatística & dados numéricos , Desastres , Saúde Ambiental , Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Gestão do Conhecimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Pública , Canadá , Modelos Teóricos
8.
J Med Syst ; 43(2): 41, 2019 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30637593

RESUMO

Conservative practices, such as manual registry have limited scope regarding preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative decision making, knowledge discovery, analytical techniques and knowledge integration into patient care. To maximize quality and value, perioperative care is changing through new technological developments. In this context, knowledge management practices will enable future transformation and enhancements in healthcare services. By performing a data science and knowledge management research in the perioperative department at Hospital Dr. Nélio Mendonça between 2013 and 2015, this paper describes its principal results. This study showed perioperative decision-making improvement by integrating data science tools on the perioperative electronic system (PES). Before the PES implementation only 1,2% of the nurses registered the preoperative visit and after 87,6% registered it. Regarding the patient features it was possible to assess anxiety and pain levels. A future conceptual model for perioperative decision support systems grounded on data science should be considered as a knowledge management tool.


Assuntos
Ciência de Dados/organização & administração , Hospitais , Gestão do Conhecimento , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
BMC Public Health ; 18(1): 1412, 2018 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30594155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The public health sector is moving toward adopting evidence-informed decision making into practice, but effort is still required to effectively develop capacity and promote contextual factors that advance and sustain it. This paper describes the impact of an organization-wide knowledge translation intervention delivered by knowledge brokers on evidence-informed decision making knowledge, skills and behaviour. METHODS: A case study design was implemented with the intervention and data collection tailored to the unique needs of each case (health department). A knowledge broker provided training workshops and mentored small groups through a seven step process of evidence-informed decision making. The intervention was delivered over 22 months; data related to evidence-informed decision making knowledge, skills and behaviour were collected at baseline and follow-up. Mixed effects regression models were developed to assess the impact of involvement in the intervention on the evidence-informed decision making outcomes. RESULTS: Data from a total of 606 health department staff were collected during baseline: 207 (33%) staff from Case A, 304 (28%) from Case B, and 95 (47%) from Case C. There were a total of 804 participants at follow-up: 258 (42%) from Case A, 391 from Case B (37%), and 155 (50%) from Case C. Statistically significant increases in knowledge and skills were observed overall, and in all three health departments. An increase in evidence-informed decision making behaviour was observed among those intensively involved in the intervention from all cases (statistically significant in Case A). The organizational characteristics of strategic priority, leadership, readiness, and choice of staff emerged as important factors in the change process. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge brokering is a promising organizational knowledge translation intervention to support evidence-informed decision making. The intervention appeared to have the greatest impact on those who became actively engaged with the knowledge broker in the intervention. Active participation in face-to-face training activities with a knowledge broker, focused specifically on evidence-informed decision making skill development, led to the greatest impact on associated behaviours, knowledge, and skills. Several organizational factors emerged as integral to success of the knowledge translation intervention.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Gestão do Conhecimento , Administração em Saúde Pública , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Ontário
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30544770

RESUMO

Knowledge is considered to be an important resource; it is the source of competitive advantage. However, if knowledge is managed well with Knowledge Management (KM), then it becomes a source for sustainable competitive advantage for organizations. If KM is implemented in an organization, it would improve the organizational competitiveness, performance, and productivity, and facilitate the efficient use of resources. Due to intense competition in the global market, many organizations are moving towards the adoption of KM. The healthcare sectors of many developed countries have moved towards the implementation of KM because it can improve the procuring of knowledge from ongoing activities by the effective use of data repositories. Developing countries have now realized the potential and benefits of KM adoption. Pakistan is one of the developing countries that have recently shown an inclination towards the adoption of KM in its healthcare sector to improve performance of its healthcare. This study was composed of two main research phases. Firstly, the enablers of KM were reviewed from earlier studies. Secondly, interpretive structural modeling (ISM) and MICMAC (Cross-Impact Matrix Multiplication Applied to Classification) techniques were used to show the interrelationships between KM enablers and driving and dependence power of each enabler. The application of ISM and MICMAC technique shows that policy incentive, long-term strategic planning, Information Technology (IT), and alignment of KM efforts with business strategy are the main enablers of KM adoption in the healthcare of Pakistan. Focusing on the identified enablers will help in the implementation of KM. Policy incentives can work as a catalyst to promote KM adoption in the healthcare of Pakistan.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Gestão do Conhecimento , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Paquistão
11.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 36(3): [e05], Diciembre 15 de 2018. Tab 1., Tab 2., Tab 3.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-967083

RESUMO

Objective. To investigate the relationship between knowledge management and creativity in undergraduate compared with master degree nursing students.Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted with nursing students of the faculty of nursing and midwifery in an urban area in the southeast of Iran from August 2017 to January 2018. In this study, 180 students were selected using a simple random sampling method (Bachelor degree=120 and Master degree=60). Data was collected using the Nonaka and Takeuchi's knowledge management and Randsip's Creativity questionnaires. Results. There was a direct and significant relationship between knowledge management and creativity in the students (r=0.47 in Bachelor degree and r=0.36 in Master degree). The mean scores of knowledge management dimensions and creativity were higher in the master degree students. Conclusion. There was a relationship between knowledge management and creativity in the bachelorand master degree students. It is necessary to corroborate the Efforts for the implementation of strategies for the knowledge management in all its dimensions. Therefore, the education environment can help with the development of students' knowledge and skills.(AU)


Objetivo. Investigar la relación entre la gestión del conocimiento y la creatividad en los estudiantes de pregrado en comparación con los alumnos de Maestría de Enfermería. Métodos. Este estudio de corte transversal se realizó con estudiantes de la Facultad de Enfermería y Partería en un área urbana en el sureste de Irán. Para el efecto, se seleccionaron 180 alumnos mediante un método de muestreo aleatorio simple (pregrado=120 y maestría=60). Los datos se recolectaron utilizando la escala de gestión del conocimiento de Nonaka y Takeuchi y el cuestionario de Creatividad de Randsip. Resultados. Hubo una relación directa y significativa entre la gestión del conocimiento y la creatividad en los dos grupos de estudiantes (r=0.47 en Pregrado y r=0.36 en Maestría). Las puntuaciones medias de los instrumentos de gestión del conocimiento y de creatividad fueron más altas en los estudiantes de Maestría. Conclusión. Hubo una relación directa entre la gestión del conocimiento y la creatividad en los estudiantes de pregrado y Maestría en Enfermería, por lo tanto, el entorno educativo puede ayudar con el desarrollo del conocimiento y habilidades de los estudiantes (AU)


Objetivo. Investigar a relação entre a gestão do conhecimento e a criatividade nos estudantes de graduação em comparação com os estudantes de Mestrado de Enfermagem. Métodos. Este estudo de corte transversal se realizou com estudantes da Faculdade de Enfermagem e Parteira em uma área urbana no sudeste de Irão. Foram selecionados 180 alunos mediante um método de amostragem aleatório simples (graduação=120 e mestrado=60). Os dados se coletaram utilizando a escala de gestão do conhecimento de Nonaka e Takeuchi e o questionário de Criatividade de Randsip. Resultados. Houve uma relação direta e significativa entre a gestão do conhecimento e a criatividade nos dois grupos de estudantes (r=0.47 em graduação e r=0.36 em Mestrado). As pontuações médias dos instrumentos de gestão do conhecimento e de criatividade foram mais altas nos estudantes de Mestrado. Conclusão. Houve uma relação direta entre a gestão do conhecimento e a criatividade nos estudantes de graduação e Mestrado em Enfermagem, por tanto, o entorno educativo pode ajudar com o desenvolvimento do conhecimento e habilidades dos estudantes.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Criatividade , Educação em Enfermagem , Gestão do Conhecimento
12.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 10(2)jul.-dic. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003904

RESUMO

Introducción: La generación de mecanismos de aplicación del conocimiento en el desarrollo de nuevos productos y procesos e incluso de nuevas formas de organización social es el recurso fundamental en la Sociedad de la Información -Conocimiento. Objetivo: Proponer tareas para concertar, a través de IMIA-LAC, los atributos de las herramientas informáticas y los procesos que caracterizan la Gestión del Conocimiento. Método: Se revisaron los sitios de IMIA e IMIA-LAC para obtener información sobre el desarrollo de esa organización en el mundo. Utilizando estrategias de búsqueda se obtuvo la información necesaria para vincular la estrategia gerencial de gestión del conocimiento con el desarrollo alcanzado, de las aplicaciones informáticas y de los procesos de informatización de los servicios de salud. Resultados: Se argumenta una propuesta de Planes de Acción para potenciar el desarrollo a través de IMIA-LAC: a) Estrategias dirigidas desde la organización, por ejemplo mejorar la identidad corporativa de esta b) Estrategias dirigidas a la búsqueda de mejoras en los servicios de salud, usando los vínculos efectivos con organizaciones claves en el sector Conclusiones: Se proponen un conjunto de acciones para concertar los procesos que caracterizan la Gestión del Conocimiento a través de IMIA-LAC utilizando las herramientas informáticas(AU)


Introduction: Generating mechanisms for applying knowledge in the development of new products, processes and new forms of social organization is the fundamental resource in the Information-Knowledge Society. Objective: Propose tasks to arrange, through IMIA-LAC, the attributes of IT tools and processes that characterize Knowledge Management. Methods: The IMIA and IMIA-LAC sites were reviewed to obtain information about the work of that organization in the world. Using search strategies the necessary information was obtained to link the managerial strategy of knowledge management with the development achieved of the computer applications and of the computerization processes of the health services. Results: A proposal of Plans of Action is argued to promote the development through IMIA-LAC: a) Strategies directed from the organization, for example to improve the corporate identity of this b) Strategies directed to the search of improvements in the health services, using effective links with key organizations in the sector. Conclusions: A set of actions are proposed to coordinate the processes that characterize the Knowledge Management through IMIA-LAC using the computer tools(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Aplicações da Informática Médica , Software/normas , Gestão do Conhecimento
13.
Recurso educacional aberto em Inglês | ID: oer-3768

RESUMO

Programa de Monitoreo sobre Enfermedades Crónicas No Transmisibles Es un curso para Fortalecer el sistema de atención de pacientes con enfermedades crónicas no Transmisibles, dado por el Equipo de la Secretaría de Salud Pública y Ambiente de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de la UNC. y Equipo de la Red integrada de salud del Hospital Italiano de Córdoba. Competencia Central Regional para la Salud Pública (RCCFPH) es un instrumento que define los conocimientos esenciales, habilidades y actitudes relacionadas con la salud pública que la salud la fuerza de trabajo como un todo debería poseer. Esta herramienta ha sido desarrollada en respuesta a una necesidad en las Américas por una herramienta simple que facilita el desarrollo de la excelencia, la colaboración y coherencia, teniendo en cuenta la gran diversidad de la fuerza de trabajo y la variada salud pública Infraestructuras y sistemas que existen en la región de las Américas. estrategias clave de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS), la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) y las Naciones Unidas (ONU), como la Atención Primaria de Salud (APS), el Público Esencial Funciones de salud (EFH) (1, 2) y los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM).


Assuntos
Pessoas Cisgênero , Educação Baseada em Competências , América Latina , Gestão do Conhecimento , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde
14.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 29(3): 1-18, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-978363

RESUMO

Objetivo: aprofundar a compreensão sobre o processo de produção e disseminação de informação no âmbito organizacional, recorrendo à análise de uma organização intensiva em conhecimento. Métodos: a organização escolhida foi um Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento na área de Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação. Tal organização é referência em seu segmento, por possuir um dos maiores programas de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento da América Latina em sua área de atuação, sendo seus processos de produção e disseminação de informação passíveis de serem aplicados em outras organizações intensivas em conhecimento, como instituições de pesquisa no campo das ciências da saúde. Para tanto, foi realizada uma pesquisa qualitativa de campo, empregando a técnica de entrevistas. Foram entrevistados três profissionais de unidades organizacionais cujas atividades-fim relacionavam-se diretamente com a produção e a disseminação de informação organizacional. Resultados: apenas uma das unidades organizacionais possuía as atividades de produção e disseminação de informação descritas como um processo formal da organização. Conclusão: os resultados apontaram que as maiores dificuldades das unidades organizacionais foram a definição do público-alvo e, principalmente, a avaliação do uso da informação. Também indicaram a adoção de boas práticas na organização, como definição clara das necessidades informacionais e adequação do uso das Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação no processo de produção e disseminação de informação(AU)


Objetivo: profundizar en la comprensión sobre el proceso de producción y diseminación de información en el ámbito organizacional, mediante el análisis de una organización intensiva en conocimiento. Métodos: la organización elegida fue un Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en el área de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación. Tal organización es referencia en su segmento, por poseer uno de los mayores programas de Investigación y Desarrollo de América Latina en su área de actuación. Sus procesos de producción y diseminación de información pueden ser aplicados en otras organizaciones intensivas en conocimiento, como instituciones de investigación en el campo de las ciencias de la salud. Se realizó una investigación cualitativa de campo, empleando la técnica de entrevistas. Se entrevistaron a tres profesionales de unidades organizativas cuyas actividades se relacionaban directamente con la producción y la diseminación de información organizacional. Resultados: solo una de las unidades organizativas poseía las actividades de producción y diseminación de información descritas como un proceso formal de la organización. Conclusión: los resultados apuntaron que las mayores dificultades de las unidades organizacionales fueron la definición del público objetivo y, principalmente, la evaluación del uso de la información. También indicaron la adopción de buenas prácticas en la organización, como definición clara de las necesidades informacionales y adecuación del uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en el proceso de producción y diseminación de información(AU)


Objective: the purpose of the study was to broaden understanding of the process of production and dissemination of information in the organizational environment by means of the analysis of a knowledge intensive organization. Methods: the organization chosen was a Research and Development Center from the field of information and communication technologies. This center is a reference organization in its sector, for it has one of the largest research and development programs for this field in Latin America. Its processes for production and dissemination of information may be applied in other knowledge intensive organizations, as may be the case of health sciences research institutions. To achieve this aim, a qualitative field study was conducted which was based on interviews. The interviewees were three professionals from organizational units whose work was directly related to production and dissemination of organizational information. Results: in only one of the organizational units activities related to the production and dissemination of information were described as a formal process of the organization. Conclusion: the results pointed out that the main difficulties in organizational units have to do with the definition of the target audience, and mainly the evaluation of the use of information. They also point to the adoption of best practices in the organization, such as a clear definition of the information needs, and the adequacy of the use of information and communication technologies in the process of production and dissemination of information(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Gestão da Informação/tendências , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Tecnologia da Informação/tendências , Gestão do Conhecimento/normas , Sistemas de Informação/organização & administração
15.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 29(3): 1-12, jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-978364

RESUMO

Objetivos: reflejar los principales elementos de una auditoría de conocimiento que combine los procesos principales con los indicadores de desarrollo profesional que podrían identificar aquellos componentes del capital humano que deberían ser favorecidos. Métodos: se analizaron los principales elementos sobre una auditoría de conocimiento que combina los procesos principales con los indicadores de desarrollo profesional. Se propone un enfoque que permite la identificación de los componentes del capital humano que deben ser potenciados. No se ha identificado ninguna otra metodología con esta orientación. Resultados: la imagen de las fortalezas y debilidades de las organizaciones, así como el conocimiento necesario en cada proceso, proporcionan la base para la regulación de los procesos organizacionales y los componentes humanos y tecnológicos necesarios. Contribuye a la identificación de vacíos de conocimiento así como de los elementos culturales que deben ser tratados. Es una orientación sólida para programar acciones de desarrollo profesional que podrían solidificar el diseño futuro de estos procesos y contribuir a las competencias profesionales de los miembros de estas comunidades de práctica. Conclusiones: esta es una guía sólida para la práctica de desarrollo profesional, orientada hacia el desarrollo futuro de procesos organizacionales y contribuye al crecimiento de las competencias profesionales de estas comunidades de práctica. La plataforma estratégica de la organización se ha enriquecido con la identificación de las fortalezas y debilidades de sus procesos desde diferentes puntos de vista. Este enfoque metodológico se aplicará en diferentes casos a posibles ajustes analizados en su diseño(AU)


Objectives: to reflect the principal elements of a knowledge audit that combines principal processes with professional development indicators that could identify those human capital components that should be favored. Methods: the main elements about a knowledge audit that combines principal processes with professional development indicators were analyzed. This approach allows the identification of those components of human capital that should be raised. No other methodology with this orientation has been identified. Results: the image of strengths and weaknesses of the organizations, as well as knowledge needed in each process gives the base for the regulation of organizational processes and necessary human and technological components. It contributes to the identification of knowledge gaps as well as cultural elements that should be treated. This is a solid orientation for programming professional development actions that could solidify the future design of these processes and contribute to professional competences of the members of these communities of practice. Conclusions: this is a solid guidance for executing professional development practice, oriented towards the future development of organizational processes and contribute to the growth of professional competences of these communities of practice. The strategic platform of the organization has been enriched with the identification of strengths and weaknesses of its processes from different views. This methodological approach will be applied in different cases to analyze possible adjustments in its design(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Competência Profissional/normas , Modelos Organizacionais , Gestão do Conhecimento/normas
17.
Rev. int. androl. (Internet) ; 16(3): 107-111, jul.-sept. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-178036

RESUMO

La clasificación del conocimiento es fundamental para el entendimiento entre los investigadores y el avance de la ciencia. En el presente artículo se presenta una breve clasificación de los métodos de investigación clínica. Se recuerdan las ventajas que presenta el hecho de que los investigadores utilicen una misma nomenclatura: mejora la comunicación entre los investigadores, facilita la replicabilidad de los estudios y la búsqueda de artículos en las bases de datos, y ayuda a conocer los aspectos que pueden afectar a los diferentes modelos de investigación. Se agrupan en 4 grandes categorías: artículos epidemiológicos, artículos de metodología cualitativa, artículos de metodología mixta y artículos de revisión


The classification of knowledge is essential for understanding between researchers and the advancement of science. In this article a brief classification of clinical research methods is presented. The advantages that researchers use the same nomenclature are recalled, which enables improved communication among researchers, facilitates replication of studies and searches in databases, and helps to establish the aspects that can affect the different research models. They are grouped into four broad categories: epidemiological articles, articles of qualitative methodology, mixed methodology articles and review articles


Assuntos
Humanos , Sistemas de Avaliação das Publicações , Relatório de Pesquisa/normas , Gestão do Conhecimento/normas , Indicadores de Produção Científica , Controle de Qualidade
18.
Curr Med Sci ; 38(2): 372-378, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30074199

RESUMO

The implementation of knowledge management (KM) in hospitals affects efficiency and outcomes of hospitals. However, few studies explored the implementation of KM in China. Twenty-two questions were designed concerning KM implementation status in over 50 hospitals. In order to understand the KM level and attitude to KM of the hospital's managers, a random sampling survey was conducted among 138 managers from 50 different scales of hospitals in 15 provinces of China. The survey showed that overall level of KM implementation in Chinese hospitals was still low and differed among different scales of hospitals (P<0.05, or P<0.01). In all the hospitals investigated, 63.8% did not implement KM yet, among which 46% even had not planned for that. 49.8% of the hospitals investigated had no training program about KM ever and the main source of hospital staff to get knowledge was internet. It suggested that hospital managers should make much more efforts to get to know and understand theories on KM, so that hospital KM could be promoted more rapidly.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Gestão do Conhecimento , China , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Administração Hospitalar , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 251: 121-124, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29968617

RESUMO

Nowadays Brazil has a complex cancer care scenario. There are nearly 600.000 new cancer cases each year in Brazil, and the huge majority of patients have some contact with hospital services. However, long waiting queues for diagnostics and treatments have become common. One of the critical success factors in a cancer treatment is early diagnosis. The reduction of waiting time to start therapeutic procedures is one of the main issues for improvement of patient's quality of life and possibilities of cure. The objective of this work is to describe the development of a decision support system that improves the identification of access alternatives, appointment scheduling and employment of available resources. The Theory of Constraints was used to identify bottlenecks in patient treatment flow and a Discrete Events Simulation model was used to reduce patients' waiting time to start cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Gestão do Conhecimento , Neoplasias/terapia , Brasil , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Software
20.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 29(2): 0-0, abr.-jun. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-960296

RESUMO

En un contexto actual, la información, el conocimiento y la innovación son factores indispensables para la sociedad, la economía y el desarrollo territorial y organizacional. Por tales razones, Cuba ha implementado desde el año 1995 un sistema de ciencia, tecnología e innovación con el propósito de lograr la vinculación entre la comunidad científica, la comunidad empresarial y el gobierno. Con la finalidad de identificar las capacidades y las limitaciones que tienen las estructuras del Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente de Pinar del Río para gestionar el conocimiento, se realizó un diagnóstico utilizando el método científico histórico-lógico y el dialéctico para conocer los fundamentos históricos que existen sobre la gestión del conocimiento y su articulación en el sistema de ciencia, tecnología e innovación. Se aplicó un cuestionario para la recolección de los datos y el análisis documental que comprendió el estudio de textos de la especialidad y de las principales experiencias reportadas. Los principales resultados muestran que estas organizaciones no logran transferir con efectividad la información, el conocimiento y las innovaciones disponibles en la comunidad académica hacia la comunidad empresarial. Se propone un programa de acciones que contempla el diseño de un modelo de gestión del conocimiento, crear capacidades para el trabajo en red, renovar el conocimiento, articular la estrategia de comunicación social que permita una mayor visibilidad y fomentar el desarrollo del potencial científico en función de las prioridades del territorio(AU)


In the current context, information, knowledge and innovation are essential to society, the economy, and territorial and organizational development. It is for this reason that ever since the year 1995 Cuba has implemented a science, technology and innovation system to establish links between the scientific community, the business community and the government. A diagnostic study was conducted based on the scientific historical-logical and dialectical method with the purpose of becoming acquainted with the historical foundations of knowledge management and their relationship to the system of science, technology and innovation, as well as with the knowledge management capacities and limitations of structures from the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment in Pinar del Río. A questionnaire was applied to collect the data, and document analysis was performed which comprised the study of texts on the specialty and reports about the main lessons learned. Results show that these organizations do not manage to effectively transfer the information, knowledge and innovations available in the academic community to the business community. An action program is proposed which includes designing a knowledge management model, building networking capacities, renewing knowledge, articulating the social communication strategy so that it permits greater visibility, and fostering the development of the scientific potential in keeping with territorial priorities(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Coleta de Dados/estatística & dados numéricos , Redes de Informação de Ciência e Tecnologia , Gestão do Conhecimento/normas
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