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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247071, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285609

RESUMO

Abstract The present study was conducted to evaluate the chemical composition, antioxidant activity and hypoglycemic effects of whole kumquat (Ku) powder in diabetic rats fed a high-fat-high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet. The antioxidant activities were evaluated using stable 1,1-diphenyl 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method, 2,2´-azinobis (3-ethyl benzo thiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS) and Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Total phenolic content was (51.85 mg GAE/g) and total flavonoid content was (0.24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE/g). DPPH and ABTS values were 3.32 and 3.98 mg Trolox equivalent (TE)/g where FRAP value was 3.00 mM Fe2+/kg dry material. A total of 90 albino rats were used in the present study. Rats group were as follows: normal diet; normal treated (2, 4, and 6% Ku.), diabetic rats (non-treated), diabetic + HFHC diet (non-treated), HFHC (non-treated), Diabetic (treated), HFHC (treated) and Diabetic + HFHC (treated). The diets were followed for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment. Serum glucose was recorded and thyroid hormones (T4, Thyroxine and T3, Triiodothyronine) were conducted. Diet supplemented with Kumquat at different concentrations have a hypoglycemic effect and improve the thyroid hormones of both diabetic rats and HFHC diabetic rats.


Resumo O presente estudo foi conduzido para avaliar a composição química, a atividade antioxidante e os efeitos hipoglicêmicos do pó de kumquat (Ku) em ratos diabéticos alimentados com uma dieta rica em gordura e colesterol (HFHC). As atividades antioxidantes foram avaliadas usando o método de eliminação de radicais livres de 1,1-difenil 2-picrilhidrazil (DPPH), 2,2'-azinobis (ácido 3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-sulfônico) radical cátion (ABTS) e antioxidante redutor férrico potência (FRAP). O conteúdo fenólico total foi (51,85 mg GAE / g) e o conteúdo total de flavonoides foi (0,24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE / g). Os valores de DPPH e ABTS foram 3,32 e 3,98 mg equivalente de Trolox (TE) / g, em que o valor de FRAP foi de 3,00 mM Fe2 + / kg de material seco. Um total de 90 ratos albinos foi usado ​​no presente estudo. O grupo dos ratos foi o seguinte: dieta normal: tratados normais (2, 4 e 6% Ku.), ratos diabéticos (não tratados), diabéticos + dieta HFHC (não tratados), HFHC (não tratados), diabéticos (tratados), HFHC (tratados) e diabéticos + HFHC (tratados). As dietas foram seguidas por 8 semanas. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas ao final do experimento. A glicose sérica foi registrada e os hormônios tireoidianos (T4, Tiroxina e T3, Triiodotironina) foram conduzidos. A dieta suplementada com kumquat em diferentes concentrações tem um efeito hipoglicêmico e melhora os hormônios tireoidianos tanto de ratos diabéticos quanto de ratos diabéticos com HFHC.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Rutaceae , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Pós , Hormônios Tireóideos , Glicemia , Frutas
2.
Horm Metab Res ; 54(2): 84-93, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130569

RESUMO

Long-term glycemic fluctuation has been associated with cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the findings are inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to summarize the association between parameters of long-term glycemic variability and risk of cardiovascular events in T2DM patients. Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched for longitudinal follow-up studies comparing the incidence of cardiovascular events in T2DM patients with higher or lower long-term glycemic variability. A random-effect model incorporating the potential heterogeneity among the included studies was used to pool the results. Twelve follow-up studies with 146 653 T2DM patients were included. The mean follow-up duration was 4.9 years. Pooled results showed that compared to those with the lowest glycemic variability, patients with the highest glycemic variability had significantly increased risk of cardiovascular events, as evidenced by the standard deviation of glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c-SD: relative risk (RR)=1.44, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.23 to 1.69, p<0.001; I2=70%], HbA1c coefficient of variation (HbA1c-CV: RR=1.46, 95% CI: 1.19 to 1.79. p<0.001; I2=83%), standard deviation of fasting plasma glucose (FPG-SD: RR=1.33, 95% CI: 1.07 to 1.65, p=0.009; I2=0%), and FPG coefficient of variation (FPG-CV: RR=1.29, 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.64, p=0.04; I2=47%). In conclusion, increased long-term glycemic variability may be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events in T2DM patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Glicemia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Jejum , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
3.
Horm Metab Res ; 54(2): 94-103, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130570

RESUMO

Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) variability is emerging as an indicator of long-term glycemic control, which may play a significant role during vascular complications. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between the scope of HbA1c variability and vascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. PubMed and Embase were searched for studies that evaluated the association of HbA1c variability with vascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes. Two reviewers independently completed data extraction. Random-effects meta-analysis was conducted with stratification according to the type of vascular complications. Nine studies were eligible for inclusion in our systematic review and meta-analysis. Six studies evaluated the impact of the standard deviation of HbA1c (HbA1c-SD) on cardiovascular events and showed an association of HbA1c-SD with cardiovascular events (HR: 1.25, 95% CI 1.18-1.32, 5 studies). Six studies evaluated renal disease associated with HbA1c-SD and showed that HbA1c-SD was correlated with an increased risk of renal disease (HR: 1.19, 95% CI 1.13-1.24). Two studies evaluated HbA1c-SD and the risk of retinopathy and showed that no significant association was found between retinopathy and HbA1c-SD (HR 1.08, 95% CI 0.92-125). For HbA1c-SD ranging from 0.6 to 0.8%, HbA1c-SD was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events (HR: 1.25, 95% CI 1.15-1.35) and renal disease (HR: 1.16, 95% CI 1.11-1.22). For individuals with index HbA1c variability greater than or equal to 0.6%, HbA1c variability was significantly associated with vascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Glicemia/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Horm Metab Res ; 54(2): 104-112, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130571

RESUMO

Some studies have suggested that diabetes may be a risk factor for osteoarthritis. However, whether prediabetes is also associated with osteoarthritis has not been comprehensively examined. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between prediabetes and osteoarthritis. This meta-analysis included relevant observational studies from Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases. A random-effect model after incorporation of the intra-study heterogeneity was selected to pool the results. Ten datasets from six observational studies were included, which involved 41 226 general adults and 10 785 (26.2%) of them were prediabetic. Pooled results showed that prediabetes was not independently associated with osteoarthritis [risk ratio (RR): 1.07, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.00 to 1.14, p=0.06, I2=0%]. Sensitivity limited to studies with adjustment of age and body mass index showed consistent result (RR: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.14, p=0.09, I2=0%). Results of subgroup analyses showed that prediabetes was not associated with osteoarthritis in cross-sectional or cohort studies, in studies including Asian or non-Asian population, or in studies with different quality scores (p for subgroup difference>0.10). Besides, prediabetes was not associated with osteoarthritis in men or in women, in studies with prediabetes defined as impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or HbA1c (approximately 39-46 mmol/mol). Moreover, prediabetes was not associated with overall osteoarthritis, and knee or hip osteoarthritis. Current evidence does not support that prediabetes is independently associated with osteoarthritis in adult population.


Assuntos
Intolerância à Glucose , Osteoartrite , Estado Pré-Diabético , Adulto , Glicemia/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
5.
BMC Prim Care ; 23(1): 193, 2022 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronotype and chrononutrition, both are emerging research interests in nutritional epidemiology. However, its association with glycemic control in the Asia population is less clear. A better understanding of how activity/eating time can influence glucose levels in Asian prediabetic individuals may improve strategies for blood glucose control in Asian countries. The present paper describes the research protocol which aims to determine the associations of chronotype and chrononutrition with glucose tolerance among Malaysian prediabetic individuals. METHODS: This is a prospective longitudinal study named Chrono-DM™, that targets to recruit 166 newly diagnosed prediabetic individuals from the community clinics in Malacca, Malaysia. Respondents will be followed-up for 6 months: (1) baseline (1st oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)); (2) second visit (at 3rd month); and (3) third visit (2nd OGTT at 6th month). Data collection includes sociodemographic and anthropometry measurements (weight, height, body fat, visceral fat, waist and hip circumference). Dietary intake and meal timing are collected using the 3-day dietary record while data on sleep pattern, light exposure, chronotype and chrononutrition will be collected using validated questionnaires. Physical activity will be recorded using a validated IPAQ questionnaire and pedometer during periods of using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) sensor. CGM, fasting blood sugar (FBS), OGTT and HbA1c are performed to assess glycemic outcomes. DISCUSSION: The Chrono-DM™ study represents a novel approach to determining the association of chronotype and chrononutrition with glycemic control. We anticipate that this study will not only review the association of chronotype with glycemia measure but also provide greater insight into optimal meal time for glycemic control among prediabetic individuals in the Asian population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT05163964 (Clinicaltrial.gov). Trial registration date:  20 December 2021.


Assuntos
Estado Pré-Diabético , Glicemia , Automonitorização da Glicemia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Trials ; 23(1): 633, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of exercise trials examining cardiometabolic outcomes in spinal cord injury (SCI) is low, and prescribed exercise is often inconvenient for individuals with SCI to perform within their community. Individuals with SCI experience a myriad of barriers to exercise participation, which can include a lack of time, accessible or usable equipment and facilities, and transportation. Thus, it is imperative to identify effective modes of exercise that provide the greatest overall health benefits but do not require a significant time commitment. Low-volume high intensity interval training (HIIT) has demonstrated the same improvements in cardiometabolic health as moderate intensity exercise training (MIT), despite only requiring 20% of the total time commitment in adults without disabilities and more recently in individuals with SCI. OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study is to integrate a 16 week home-based telehealth HIIT arm crank exercise training program in individuals with SCI and assess changes in cardiometabolic health. METHODS: Men and women between the ages of 19 and 60 with a confirmed diagnosis of SCI between C7 and T12 will be recruited for this study. Participants will be randomized to 16 weeks of telehealth HIIT exercise two days per week or a no-exercise control group. Aerobic capacity, muscular strength, blood lipids, glucose tolerance, resting energy expenditure, blood pressure, and body composition will be assessed at baseline and 16 weeks post-training. DISCUSSION: Inactivity associated with SCI leads to chronic cardiometabolic health conditions. The majority of exercise interventions to date show that exercise is capable of increasing physical function, aerobic capacity, and muscle mass, and strength. Additionally, we have recently shown the ability of HIIT to improve blood lipid and glucose concentrations. Advances in telehealth exercise approaches have improved the capability to prescribe home-based exercise programs. Therefore, we hypothesize that the utilization of a home-based telehealth HIIT program will improve cardiometabolic health markers, yield high adherence (> 75%), and will be more enjoyable in individuals with SCI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Telehealth High-Intensity Interval Exercise and Cardiometabolic Health in Spinal Cord Injury NCT04940598.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Terapia por Exercício , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Telemedicina , Adulto , Glicemia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 894559, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928891

RESUMO

Background and Aims: In patients with congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI), recurrent hypoglycaemia can lead to longstanding neurological impairments. At present, glycaemic monitoring is with intermittent fingerprick blood glucose testing but this lacks utility to identify patterns and misses hypoglycaemic episodes between tests. Although continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is well established in type 1 diabetes, its use has only been described in small studies in patients with CHI. In such studies, medical perspectives have been provided without fully considering the views of families using CGM. In this qualitative study, we aimed to explore families' experiences of using CGM in order to inform future clinical strategies for the management of CHI. Methods: Ten patients with CHI in a specialist centre used CGM for twelve weeks. All were invited to participate. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine families in whom patient ages ranged between two and seventeen years. Transcripts of the audio-recorded interviews were analysed using an inductive thematic analysis method. Results: Analysis revealed five core themes: CGM's function as an educational tool; behavioural changes; positive experiences; negative experiences; and design improvements. Close monitoring and retrospective analysis of glucose trends allowed for enhanced understanding of factors that influenced glucose levels at various times of the day. Parents noted more hypoglycaemic episodes than previously encountered through fingerprick tests; this new knowledge prompted modification of daily routines to prevent and improve the management of hypoglycaemia. CGM use was viewed favourably as offering parental reassurance, reduced fingerprick tests and predictive warnings. However, families also reported unfavourable aspects of alarms and questionable accuracy at low glucose levels. Adolescents were frustrated by the short proximity range for data transmission resulting in the need to always carry a separate receiver. Overall, families were positive about the use of CGM but expected application to be tailored to their child's medical condition. Conclusions: Patients and families with CHI using CGM noticed trends in glucose levels which motivated behavioural changes to reduce hypoglycaemia with advantages outweighing disadvantages. They expected CHI-specific modifications to enhance utility. Future design of CGM should incorporate end users' opinions and experiences for optimal glycaemic monitoring of CHI.


Assuntos
Automonitorização da Glicemia , Hiperinsulinismo Congênito , Adolescente , Glicemia/análise , Automonitorização da Glicemia/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Hiperinsulinismo Congênito/diagnóstico , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272042, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, an increased incidence of ROCM was noted in India among those infected with COVID. We determined risk factors for rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) post Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among those never and ever hospitalized for COVID-19 separately through a multicentric, hospital-based, unmatched case-control study across India. METHODS: We defined cases and controls as those with and without post-COVID ROCM, respectively. We compared their socio-demographics, co-morbidities, steroid use, glycaemic status, and practices. We calculated crude and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) through logistic regression. The covariates with a p-value for crude OR of less than 0·20 were considered for the regression model. RESULTS: Among hospitalised, we recruited 267 cases and 256 controls and 116 cases and 231 controls among never hospitalised. Risk factors (AOR; 95% CI) for post-COVID ROCM among the hospitalised were age 45-59 years (2·1; 1·4 to 3·1), having diabetes mellitus (4·9; 3·4 to 7·1), elevated plasma glucose (6·4; 2·4 to 17·2), steroid use (3·2; 2 to 5·2) and frequent nasal washing (4·8; 1·4 to 17). Among those never hospitalised, age ≥ 60 years (6·6; 3·3 to 13·3), having diabetes mellitus (6·7; 3·8 to 11·6), elevated plasma glucose (13·7; 2·2 to 84), steroid use (9·8; 5·8 to 16·6), and cloth facemask use (2·6; 1·5 to 4·5) were associated with increased risk of post-COVID ROCM. CONCLUSIONS: Hyperglycemia, irrespective of having diabetes mellitus and steroid use, was associated with an increased risk of ROCM independent of COVID-19 hospitalisation. Rational steroid usage and glucose monitoring may reduce the risk of post-COVID.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus , Hiperglicemia , Mucormicose , Doenças Orbitárias , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Glicemia , Automonitorização da Glicemia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Hiperglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Índia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucormicose/tratamento farmacológico , Mucormicose/epidemiologia , Doenças Orbitárias/tratamento farmacológico , Pandemias
9.
Food Res Int ; 159: 111408, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940747

RESUMO

Diabetes is a major public health concern with a high risk of onset. It can lead to glycometabolism disorders. Improvement in diet is an effective way to regulate metabolic disorders. The fruits of Lycium barbarum, an ancient tonic and a traditional Chinese medicine, have shown beneficial effects against chronic metabolic diseases. Lycium barbarum polysaccharides, polyphenols, carotenoids and amino acids are the major natural bioactive compounds in the fruits of Lycium barbarum. They have many physiological activities and medicinal value and have shown significant anti-diabetic effects. This article reviews the effective actions of the main bioactive compounds in Lycium barbarum fruits in reducing blood glucose, intestinal and renal inflammation, retinal damage and other complications, discusses the possible metabolism of these bioactive compounds in the pathogenesis of diabetes, and explains the basic mechanism of regulation of blood glucose. Although the current research is limited to animal experiments and in vitro cell experiments, we have provided reliable evidence for our reports based on previous studies. Lycium barbarum fruits is a beneficial food that can interfere with carbohydrate metabolism in vivo, a significant direction for the development of Lycium barbarum, and can be used as a potential target for treating diabetes.


Assuntos
Lycium , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Frutas/química , Lycium/química
10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 21(1): 151, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are adversely associated with the development and worsening of heart failure (HF). Herein, we sought to investigate the effect of canagliflozin on insulin concentrations and the associations of changes in insulin concentrations with HF-related clinical parameters in patients with T2D and HF. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of the investigator-initiated, multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled CANDLE trial for patients with T2D and chronic HF (UMIN000017669). The endpoints were the effects of 24 weeks of canagliflozin treatment, relative to glimepiride treatment, on insulin concentrations and the relationship between changes in insulin concentrations and clinical parameters of interest, including New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification. The effects of canagliflozin on those parameters were also analyzed by baseline insulin level. RESULTS: Among the participants in the CANDLE trial, a total of 129 patients (canagliflozin, n = 64; glimepiride, n = 65) who were non-insulin users with available serum insulin data both at baseline and week 24 were included in this analysis. Overall, the mean age was 69.0 ± 9.4 years; 75% were male; the mean HbA1c was 6.8 ± 0.7%; and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 59.0 ± 14.1%, with parameters roughly balanced between treatment groups. Canagliflozin treatment significantly reduced insulin concentrations at week 24 (p < 0.001), and the between-group difference (canagliflozin minus glimepiride) in those changes was - 3.52 mU/L (95% confidence interval, - 4.85 to - 2.19; p < 0.001). Decreases in insulin concentrations, irrespective of baseline insulin level, were significantly associated with improvement in NYHA class in patients treated with canagliflozin. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that canagliflozin treatment in patients with T2D and HF ameliorated excess insulin overload, contributing to the improvement of clinical HF status. TRIAL REGISTRATION: University Medical Information Network Clinical Trial Registry, number 000017669, Registered on May 25, 2015.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Idoso , Glicemia , Canagliflozina/efeitos adversos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
11.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 21(1): 149, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the coronary artery is a difficult problem in clinical practice. The triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index is an effective risk predictor of cardiovascular risk. However, the relationship between the TyG index and the prognosis of CTO patients remains unstudied. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the TyG index and cardiovascular risk in CTO patients. METHODS: This was a single-centre, retrospective cohort study. We retrospectively enrolled 652 patients with CTO lesions diagnosed by angiography and who underwent revascularization through PCI. Patients were routinely followed up for 24 months unless meeting the endpoint. The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, unplanned revascularization, and nonfatal ischaemic stroke. To test the association of the TyG index with cardiovascular risk, the categorized TyG index and Cox proportional hazards regression models were utilized. RESULTS: A total of 652 patients were enrolled in the final analysis (male: 83.7%, age: 58.2 ± 10.49 years). The average TyG index was 8.8 ± 0.57. CTO PCIs were procedurally successfully completed in 503 (77.15%) patients. During the follow-up period of 22.8 ± 3.84 months, 73 (11.19%) major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCEs) occurred. When fully adjusted, there was a 2.09-fold risk for MACCEs among patients with the highest TyG index compared with those with the lowest TyG index [T2 vs. T1: hazard ratio (HR) 1.24, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.65-2.38, P = 0.057; T3 vs. T1: HR 2.09, 95% CI 1.14-3.86, P = 0.018; P for trend = 0.036]. The restricted cubic spline (RCS) analysis showed that the HR for MACCEs increased as the TyG index increased over 8.71 [HR per standard deviation (SD) 1.740, 95% CI 1.23-2.46, P = 0.002]. The risk of MACCEs increased with increasing tertiles of TyG index in successful CTO PCI patients and nondiabetes mellitus (DM) patients (P < 0.05) but not in patients with failed CTO PCI and DM patients. CONCLUSION: The study revealed that the TyG index had significant relevance to cardiovascular risk in CTO patients and suggests that the TyG index is feasible for predicting cardiovascular risk in CTO patients.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Oclusão Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Glicemia , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Glucose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Triglicerídeos
12.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 21(1): 152, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) has been related to adverse cardiovascular outcomes. We investigated the added value of 1-h plasma glucose (PG) at the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in predicting admission and peak cardiac high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) and NT-proBNP values in IGT patients admitted for an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Among 192 consecutive ACS patients, 109 had Hb1Ac and fasting plasma glucose negative for newly diagnosed diabetes. Upon OGTT performed > 96 h after admission, 88, conventionally diagnosed as IGT, were divided into: "full glucose tolerance" (1-h PG-OGTT < 155 mg/dL and 2-h PG-OGTT < 140 mg/dL, N = 12);"early IGT" (1 h-PG-OGTT ≥ 155 mg/dL and 2-h PG-OGTT < 140 mg/dL, N = 33);"late IGT" (1-h PG-OGTT < 155 mg/dL and 2-h PG-OGTT ≥ 140 mg/dL, N = 8); and "full IGT" (1-h PG-OGTT ≥ 155 mg/dL and 2-h PG-OGTT ≥ 140 mg/dL, N = 35). The 4 groups were compared for cardiac markers. RESULTS: The first three groups had similar cardiac marker values, but only full IGT patients had significantly higher admission hs-TnT compared with the 3 other groups [median (interquartile range): 911 (245-2976) vs 292 (46-1131), P < 0.001]. Full IGT patients also had higher hs-TnT peak compared with fully glucose tolerant and early IGT patients. Only full IGT patients had longer hospitalization and higher NT-proBNP vs fully glucose tolerant patients (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Among non-diabetic ACS patients, only those with both 1-h PG ≥ 155 mg/dL and 2-h PG ≥ 140 mg/dL had more severe myocardial injury and longer hospitalization. One-h PG-OGTT importantly contributes to assessing post-ACS cardiac risk.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Intolerância à Glucose , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Biomarcadores , Glicemia , Glucose , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Humanos
13.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 22(1): 198, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941681

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore the factors associated with the fall risk in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients with a lacunar stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compiled data of 146 T2D patients (mean age 68 years), including the Morse fall scale data (MFS), nutrition score, self-care scale, laboratory data, and data from continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) from 2019 to 2021 in Shanghai Pudong Hospital. Thereby, we evaluated the associations between MFS and other clinical parameters. RESULTS: The analyses showed that there were significantly increased size and numbers of lacunar infarction (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the greater risk group had an older mean age (p < 0.05), and significant decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), total triglyceride (TG), while increased microalbuminuria, magnesium, lipoprotein A (LP(a)), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) (p < 0.05). However, the time in range (TIR) was very comparable (p > 0.05). The correlational study revealed the higher score of MFS was associated with the age (r = 0.41), number of lacunar infarction (r = 0.18), nutrition score (r = 0.20), self-care score (r = - 0.43), serum creatine level (r = 0.19), eGFR (r = - 0.26) (p < 0.05). The total numbers of lacunar infarction were associated with age (r = 0.36), eGFR (r = - 0.40), homocysteine level (r = 0.33) (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Age, nutrition, self-care ability, and renal function are all critical factors associated with the risk of fall in T2D with lacunar infarction. The age, eGFR, and homocysteine are closely associated with lacunar infarction, suggesting that in T2D, evaluation of kidney dysfunction, homocysteine level in the elderly can predict lacunar infarcts and falls.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Acidente Vascular Cerebral Lacunar , Acidentes por Quedas , Idoso , Glicemia , Automonitorização da Glicemia , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Homocisteína , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral Lacunar/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral Lacunar/etiologia
14.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 406, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been demonstrated in both preclinical and clinical studies. MSCs that have been used in research on T1D are derived from various tissue sources, with bone marrow (BM) and umbilical cord (UC) tissues being the most commonly used. However, the influence of tissue origin on the functional properties and therapeutic effects of MSCs in T1D remains unclear. This study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy of UC-MSCs and BM-MSCs in a mouse model of T1D as well as in patients with T1D. METHODS: In non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice, the development of diabetes was accelerated by streptozotocin injections. Thereafter, diabetic mice were randomized and treated intravenously with UC-MSCs, BM-MSCs or phosphate-buffered saline as a control. Blood glucose and serum insulin were measured longitudinally after transplantation. At 14 days post-transplantation, pancreatic tissues were collected to assess insulitis and the ß-cell mass. Flow cytometry was performed to evaluate the composition of T lymphocytes in the spleen and pancreatic lymph nodes of the NOD mice. In our retrospective study of patients with T1D, 28 recipients who received insulin therapy alone or a single transplantation of UC-MSCs or BM-MSCs were enrolled. The glycaemic control and ß-cell function of the patients during the first year of follow-up were compared. RESULTS: In NOD mice, UC-MSC and BM-MSC transplantation showed similar effects on decreasing blood glucose levels and preserving ß cells. The regulation of islet autoimmunity was examined, and no significant difference between UC-MSCs and BM-MSCs was observed in the attenuation of insulitis, the decrease in T helper 17 cells or the increase in regulatory T cells. In patients with T1D, MSC transplantation markedly lowered haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and reduced insulin doses compared to conventional insulin therapy. However, the therapeutic effects were comparable between UC-MSCs and BM-MSCs, and they also exerted similar effects on the endogenous ß-cell function in the patients. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, both UC-MSCs and BM-MSCs exhibited comparable therapeutic effects on improving glycaemic control and preserving ß-cell function in T1D. Considering their abundance and higher cell yields, UC-MSCs appear to be more promising than BM-MSCs in clinical applications. Trial registration NCT02763423. Registered on May 5, 2016-Retrospectively registered, https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov/ .


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Insulinas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Glicemia , Medula Óssea , Células da Medula Óssea , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cordão Umbilical
15.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 1215097, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941904

RESUMO

The present study evaluated the polyphenolic contents and hypoglycemic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects of the diethyl ether fraction of Thespesia garckeana using various in vitro and in vivo models. Total phenol and flavonoid contents of the extract were 613.65 ± 2.38 and 152.83 ± 1.56 mg/100 g dry weight, respectively. The extract exhibited in vitro antioxidant activities against DPPH, FRAP, LPO, and ABTS with respective half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of 30.91 ± 0.23, 16.81 ± 0.51, 41.29 ± 1.82, and 42.39 ± 2.24 µg/mL. In vitro anti-inflammatory studies using membrane stabilization, protein denaturation, and proteinase activities revealed the effectiveness of the extract with respective IC50 values of 54.45 ± 2.89, 93.62 ± 3.04, and 56.60 ± 2.34 µg/mL, while in vitro hypoglycemic analysis of the extract revealed inhibition of α-amylase (IC5064.59 ± 3.29 µg/mL) and enhancement of glucose uptake by yeast cells. Interestingly, the extract demonstrated in vivo hypoglycemic and anti-inflammatory effects in streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced diabetic and xylene-induced ear swelling models, respectively. In addition, the extract improved insulin secretion, attenuated pancreatic tissue distortion and oxidative stress, and increased the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and reduced glutathione (GSH), while reducing the concentration of LPO in the diabetic rats. A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis identified the presence of catechin (6.81e - 1 ppm), rutin (8.46 e - 1 ppm), myricetin, apigenin (4.019 e - 1 ppm), and luteolin (15.09 ppm) with respective retention times (RTs) of 13.64, 24.269, 27.781, 29.58, and 32.23 min, and these were subjected to a pharmacoinformatics analysis, which revealed their drug-likeness and good pharmacokinetic properties. A docking analysis hinted at the potential of luteolin, the most abundant compound in the extract, for targeting glucose-metabolizing enzymes. Thus, the present study provides preclinical insights into the bioactive constituents of T. garckeana, its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, and its potential for the treatment of diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Malus , Malvaceae , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Luteolina/farmacologia , Luteolina/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Estreptozocina/uso terapêutico
16.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 957369, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942178

RESUMO

The coexistence of insulinoma and type 2 diabetes is rare and the diagnostic process is often challenging. Continuous glucose monitoring system devices, which are more readily available nowadays, provide a useful tool for the diagnosis and evaluation of treatment response. Curative surgery is often the mainstay of treatment for insulinoma. Here, we report a Chinese patient with insulinoma diagnosed simultaneously with type 2 diabetes. His insulinoma was managed with endoscopic ultrasound guided-radiofrequency ablation (EUS-RFA) and the patient achieved complete resolution of hypoglycaemic episodes. The case illustrates that while EUS-RFA is an emerging non-invasive treatment modality for pancreatic lesions, limitations exist especially when histological confirmation is essential.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insulinoma , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Glicemia , Automonitorização da Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Humanos , Insulinoma/complicações , Insulinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Insulinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
17.
J Diabetes Res ; 2022: 4758042, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942330

RESUMO

Background/Aim: We aimed to examine beneficial and adverse outcomes of basal insulin titration performed with different fasting plasma glucose (FPG) titration targets (TT). Methods: A PubMed literature search retrieved 43 reported prospective clinical trials introducing basal insulin in 17643 insulin-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes reporting fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, target achievement, hypoglycemic events, and insulin doses. 61 individual study arms were grouped by fasting plasma glucose titration target (TT; 1: ≤5.0 mmol/l/90 mg/dl; 2: 5.01-5.6 mmol/l/90-100 mg/dl; and 3: ≥5.61 mmol/l/101 mg/dl). Weighted means and their standard deviations were calculated for baseline and end-of-treatment FPG (primary endpoint), HbA1c, target achievement, hypoglycemic events, insulin doses, and body weight gain and compared over a duration of 31 ± 10 weeks. Results: Achieved FPG and HbA1c at the end of the study were significantly lower (by up to 0.8 mmol/l or 0.23%, respectively) with more ambitious TTs (p < 0.0001), leading to better HbA1c target achievement with more ambitious TTs (by up to 14.6% for HbA1c ≤ 6.5%), without increasing the risk for hypoglycemic episodes. Conclusions: Aiming for a lower FPG TT improves glycemic control without increasing the risk for hypoglycemia.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hipoglicemia , Glicemia , Jejum , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Hipoglicemia/induzido quimicamente , Hipoglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Insulina Glargina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 2743679, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937384

RESUMO

Background: Time in range (TIR) is one of the basic indicators to assess glycemic control. In this study, the TIR of DPN patients was used as the observation index to further evaluate the correlation between TIR and DPN, so as to provide new ideas for preventing the occurrence of DPN and delaying its disease progression. Methods: A total of 120 patients with T2DM (T2DM) who were hospitalized in the Endocrinology Department of our hospital from October 2018 to February 2020 were included and divided into two groups according to whether the nerve conduction velocity was normal or not, the diabetic peripheral neuropathy group (DPN) and the other groups. No diabetic peripheral neuropathy group (NDPN). According to the corresponding inclusion and exclusion criteria, the baseline data were recorded, and test indicators such as homocysteine and blood lipids were collected at the same time, and TIR was collected by a transient blood glucose meter. To explore the relationship between TIR and other indicators and peripheral neuropathy in T2DM. Results: A total of 120 T2DM patients participated in the study, including 82 in the DPN group and 38 in the NDPN group. There were no statistically significant differences in basic indicators such as age, height, and weight between the two groups. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and homocysteine (Hcy) in DPN group were higher than those in NDPN group, while TIR and HDL-C were lower than those in NDPN group (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that HbA1c and Hcy were risk factors for DPN, and TIR and HDL-C were protective factors for DPN, with statistical significance (P < 0.05). The prediction results of TIR, Hcy, HDL-C, and HbA1c on diabetic peripheral neuropathy were analyzed by ROC curve, and the prediction results of the five variables were all statistically significant (P < 0.05) and have a better prediction effect. Conclusion: (1) The results of TIR level suggest that the longer the blood sugar is in the good control range, the more beneficial it is to reduce the occurrence of DPN. (2) TIR and HDL-C are protective factors for DPN, and HbA1c and Hcy are risk factors for DPN. (3) The results of ROC curve analysis showed that TIR, Hcy, HbA1c, and HDL-C had a good predictive effect on the occurrence of DPN.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Neuropatias Diabéticas , Glicemia/análise , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Homocisteína , Humanos , NAD , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 963070, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937810

RESUMO

Introduction: Postoperative hypoparathyroidism (POH) is the most common and important complication for thyroid cancer patients who undergo total thyroidectomy. Intraoperative parathyroid autotransplantation has been demonstrated to be essential in maintaining functional parathyroid tissue, and it has clinical significance in identifying essential factors of serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels for patients with parathyroid autotransplantation. This retrospective cohort study aimed to comprehensively investigate influential factors in the occurrence and restoration of POH for patients who underwent total thyroidectomy with intraoperative parathyroid autotransplantation (TTIPA). Method: This study was conducted in a tertiary referral hospital, with a total of 525 patients who underwent TTIPA. The postoperative serum PTH levels were collected after six months, and demographic characteristics, clinical features and associated operative information were analyzed. Results: A total of 66.48% (349/525) of patients who underwent TTIPA were diagnosed with POH. Multivariate logistic regression indicated that Hashimoto's thyroiditis (OR=1.93, 95% CI: 1.09-3.42), P=0.024), the number of transplanted parathyroid glands (OR=2.70, 95% CI: 1.91-3.83, P<0.001) and postoperative blood glucose levels (OR=1.36, 95% CI: 1.06-1.74, P=0.016) were risk factors for POH, and endoscopic surgery (OR=0.39, 95% CI: 0.22-0.68, P=0.001) was a protective factor for POH. Multivariate Cox regression indicated that PTG autotransplantation patients with same-side central lymph node dissection (CLND) (HR=0.50; 95% CI: 0.34-0.73, P<0.001) demonstrated a longer time for increases PTH, and female patients (HR=1.35, 95% CI: 1.00-1.81, P=0.047) were more prone to PTH increases. Additionally, PTG autotransplantation with same-side CLND (HR=0.56, 95% CI: 0.38-0.82, P=0.003) patients had a longer time to PTH restoration, and patients with endoscopic surgery (HR=1.54, 95% CI: 1.04-2.28, P=0.029) were more likely to recover within six months. Conclusion: High postoperative fasting blood glucose levels, a large number of transplanted PTGs, open surgery and Hashimoto's thyroiditis are risk factors for postoperative POH in TTIPA patients. Elevated PTH levels occur earlier in female patients and patients without CLND on the transplant side. PTH returns to normal earlier in patients without CLND and endoscopic surgery on the transplant side.


Assuntos
Hipoparatireoidismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidite , Glicemia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipoparatireoidismo/epidemiologia , Hipoparatireoidismo/etiologia , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/complicações , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Tireoidite/complicações , Tireoidite/cirurgia , Transplante Autólogo/efeitos adversos
20.
Diab Vasc Dis Res ; 19(4): 14791641221113784, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index is a surrogate marker of insulin resistance. Its role in chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is unclear. We investigated the association between TyG index and CKD progression, and possible mediation of the association by pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF). METHODS: This was a prospective study on 1571 patients with T2DM. CKD progression was defined as worsening across KDIGO estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) categories with ≥25% reduction from baseline. PEDF was quantitated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to assess the relationship between TyG index and CKD progression. RESULTS: Over a follow-up period of up to 8.6 years (median 4.6 years, IQR 3.0-3.6), 42.7% of subjects had CKD progression. Every unit increase in TyG was associated with hazards of 1.44 (95%CI 1.29-1.61; p < 0.001) in unadjusted analysis and 1.21 (1.06-1.37; p = 0.004) in fully adjusted model. Compared to tertile 1, tertiles 2 and 3 TyG index were positively associated with CKD progression with corresponding hazard ratios HRs 1.24 (1.01-1.52; p = 0.037) and 1.37 (1.11-1.68; p = 0.003) in fully adjusted models. PEDF accounted for 36.0% of relationship between TyG index and CKD progression. CONCLUSIONS: Higher TyG index independently predicted CKD progression in T2DM. PEDF mediated the association between TyG index and CKD progression.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Biomarcadores , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Proteínas do Olho , Glucose , Humanos , Fatores de Crescimento Neural , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , Serpinas , Triglicerídeos
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