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1.
Bioresour Technol ; 323: 124601, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385627

RESUMO

The present study revealed biosurfactants production by a novel oil-degrading Pseudomonas sp. S2WE isolated from hydrocarbon enriched water sample, where the genus Pseudomonas (48.65%) was dominated amongst several other genera. Biosurfactants produced by this strain showed the great potential for surface tension reduction (SFT) and emulsification. The extracted crude biosurfactants were characterized using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (UHPLC-MS) and identified various mono-and di-rhamnolipids homologs from the mixture. Moreover, the lowest SFT 33.05 ± 0.1 mN/m and highest emulsification of 60.65 ± 0.64% were achieved from rhamnolipids produced from glycerol with urea. Compared to initial screening, almost (>87%) higher emulsification was observed. In addition, the biosurfactants were found highly stable at different environmental factors i.e. temperature (4 °C-121 °C), pH (3-10) and NaCl conc. (1-9%). The high stable rhamnolipids produced by new Pseudomonas sp. S2WE in this study could widely be used in enormous industrial as well as environmental applications.


Assuntos
Bioprospecção , Lagos , Glicolipídeos , Pseudomonas , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Tensoativos
2.
Bioresour Technol ; 323: 124605, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388600

RESUMO

Differences in the rhamnolipid structures must result in its different activities, thus affecting its application effect. The rhlC gene in Pseudomonas aeruginosa SG was knocked out to construct strain P. aeruginosa SGΔrhlC. Rhamnolipid production was enhanced by 23.3% through knocking out rhlC gene. P. aeruginosa SGΔrhlC produced 14.22 g/L of rhamnolipid using glycerol and nitrate. Five kinds of mono-rhamnolipid but no di-rhamnolipid were produced by strain SGΔrhlC. The main rhamnolipid homologues were Rha-C10-C10, Rha-C10-C12:1 and Rha-C10-C12. Mono-rhamnolipid exhibited better antimicrobial activity to Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Aspergillus niger and Penicillium chrysogenum. Rhamnolipid produced from strain SGΔrhlC showed greater emulsifying activity to crude oil with EI24 of 84.73%. Rhamnolipid produced from strain SGΔrhlC efficiently washed oily sludge at 35 °C. High-producing strain P. aeruginosa SGΔrhlC and its produced mono-rhamnolipid are more promising in agriculture and petroleum industry. This study is a step forward to the tailor-made biosynthesis and application of rhamnolipid.


Assuntos
Petróleo , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Agricultura , Decanoatos , Glicolipídeos , Indústria de Petróleo e Gás , Ramnose/análogos & derivados , Tensoativos
3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111621, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396141

RESUMO

The study explored the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon tolerance of indigenous biosurfactant producing microorganisms. Three bacterial species were isolated from crude oil contaminated sites of Haldia, West Bengal. The three species were screened for biosurfactant production and identified by 16S rRNA sequencing as Brevundimonas sp. IITISM 11, Pseudomonas sp. IITISM 19 and Pseudomonas sp. IITISM 24. The strains showed emulsification activities of 51%, 57% and 63%, respectively. The purified biosurfactants were characterised using FT-IR, GC-MS and NMR spectroscopy and found to have structural similarities to glycolipopeptides, cyclic lipopeptides and glycolipids. The biosurfactants produced were found to be stable under a wide range of temperature (0-100 °C), pH (4-12) and salinity (up to 20% NaCl). Moreover, the strains displayed tolerance to high concentrations (275 mg/L) of anthracene and fluorene and showed a good amount of cell surface hydrophobicity with different hydrocarbons. The study reports the production and characterisation of biosurfactant by Brevundimonas sp. for the first time. Additionally, the kinetic parameters of the bacterial strains grown on up to 300 mg/L concentration of anthracene and fluorene, ranged between 0.0131 and 0.0156 µmax (h-1), while the Ks(mg/L) ranged between 59.28 and 102.66 for Monod's Model. For Haldane-Andrew's model, µmax (h-1) varied between 0.0168 and 0.0198. The inhibition constant was highest for Pseudomonas sp. IITISM 19 on anthracene and Brevundimonas sp. IITISM 11 on fluorene. The findings of the study suggest that indigenous biosurfactant producing strains have tolerance to high PAH concentrations and can be exploited for bioremediation purposes.


Assuntos
Antracenos/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Fluorenos/metabolismo , Tensoativos/metabolismo , Antracenos/química , Bactérias/metabolismo , Fluorenos/química , Glicolipídeos , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Cinética , Petróleo/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Tensoativos/química
4.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124213, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254448

RESUMO

Bio-based rhamnolipid production from waste streams is gaining momentum nowadays because of increasing market demand, huge range of applications and its economic and environment friendly nature. Rhamnolipid type biosurfactants are produced by microorganisms as secondary metabolites and have been used to reduce surface/interfacial tension between two different phases. Biosurfactants have been reported to be used as an alternative to chemical surfactants. Pseudomonas sp. has been frequently used for production of rhamnolipid. Various wastes can be used in production of rhamnolipid. Rhamnolipids are widely used in various industrial applications. The present review provides information about structure and nature of rhamnolipid, production using different waste materials and scale-up of rhamnolipid production. It also provides comprehensive literature on various industrial applications along with perspectives and challenges in this research area.


Assuntos
Glicolipídeos , Pseudomonas , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Tensão Superficial , Tensoativos , Resíduos
5.
Food Chem ; 337: 128019, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927227

RESUMO

In this study, the nanocomplexes as a novel delivery system for curcumin, were successfully fabricated using high methoxyl pectin (HMP), individual surfactants (rhamnolipid (Rha), tea saponin (TS) and ethyl lauroyl arginate hydrochloride (ELA)) and pea protein isolate (PPI). The optimum mass ratio between PPI and curcumin was 40:1. The HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur, HMP-TS-PPI-Cur and HMP-ELA-PPI-Cur complexes which had particle sizes of 453, 422 and 587 nm, exhibited encapsulation efficiencies of curcumin with 93.46, 92.05 and 86.73%, respectively. The analysis of FTIR revealed that HMP-surfactant-PPI-Cur complexes were formed mainly by hydrogen bonding and electrostatic attraction. XRD result showed that curcumin exhibited a non-crystallized state in the ternary complexes. Moreover, the curcumin within the HMP-Rha-PPI ternary complexes showed better stability under UV-light, thermal and simulated gastrointestinal conditions.


Assuntos
Curcumina/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Ervilha/química , Polissacarídeos/química , Tensoativos/química , Curcumina/química , Glicolipídeos , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Modelos Biológicos , Nanopartículas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Pectinas/química
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351741

RESUMO

A prosthecate bacterial strain, designated G-192T, was isolated from decaying biomass of a haloalkaliphilic cyanobacterium Geitlerinema sp. Z-T0701. The cells were aerobic, Gram-negative, non-endospore-forming and dimorphic, occurring either as sessile bacteria with a characteristic stalk or as motile flagellated cells. The strain utilized a limited range of substrates, mostly peptonaceous, but was able to degrade whole proteins. Growth occurred at 5-46 °C (optimum, 35-40 °C), pH 7.3-10.3 (optimum, pH 8.0-9.0), 0-14 % NaCl (v/w; optimum, 2.0-6.0 %, v/w). The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain G-192T was 66.8%. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain G-192T formed a distinct evolutionary lineage within the family Hyphomonadaceae. Strain G-192T showed the highest 16S rRNA sequence similarity to Glycocaulis profundi ZYF765T (95.2%), Oceanicaulis stylophorae GISW-4T (94.2%) and Marinicauda salina WD6-1T (95.5%). The major cellular fatty acids (>5% of the total) were C18:1 ω9c, C18:0 and 11-methyl-C18:1 ω7c. The major polar lipids were glycolipids and phospholipids. The only respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). Based on polyphasic results including phylogenomic data, the novel strain could be distinguished from other genera, which suggests that strain G-192T represents a novel species of a new genus, for which the name Alkalicaulis satelles gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G-192T (=VKM B-3306T=KCTC 72746T). The strain is the first representative of the stalked bacteria associated with a haloalkaliphilic cyanobacterium. Based on phylogenomic indices and phenotypic data, it is proposed to evolve two novel families Maricaulaceae fam. nov. and Robiginitomaculaceae fam. nov. out of the current family Hyphomonadaceae. In addition, it is proposed to place the first two families in the novel order Maricaulales ord. nov. and novel order Hyphomonadales ord. nov. is proposed to accommodate the family Hyphomonadaceae.


Assuntos
Alphaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Alphaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Cianobactérias , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Laboratórios , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 207: 111514, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254394

RESUMO

The present study investigated the stability and efficacy of a biosurfactant produced by Klebsiella sp. KOD36 under extreme conditions and its potential for enhancing the solubilization and degradation of phenanthrene in various environmental matrices. Klebsiella sp. KOD36 produced a mono-rhamnolipids biosurfactant with a low critical micelle concentration (CMC) value. The biosurfactant was stable under extreme conditions (60 °C, pH 10 and 10% salinity) and could lower surface tension by 30% and maintained an emulsification index of > 40%. The emulsion index was also higher (17-43%) in the presence of petroleum hydrocarbons compared to synthetic surfactant Triton X-100. Investigation on phenanthrene degradation in three different environmental matrices (aqueous, soil-slurry and soil) confirmed that the biosurfactant enhanced the solubilization and biodegradation of phenanthrene in all matrices. The high functional stability and performance of the biosurfactant under extreme conditions on phenanthrene degradation show the great potential of the biosurfactant for remediation applications under harsh environmental conditions.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Klebsiella/fisiologia , Fenantrenos/metabolismo , Tensoativos/metabolismo , Meios de Cultura , Emulsões , Glicolipídeos , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Klebsiella/metabolismo , Micelas , Petróleo/metabolismo , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
8.
Anim Sci J ; 91(1): e13464, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021004

RESUMO

Methyl-mannosylerythritol lipid (MEL), a new sugar esterified lipid synthesized by Pseudozyma aphidis, was assessed for its functionality in modulating rumen fermentation and microbiota toward more propionate and less methane production. A pure culture study using rumen representatives showed that MEL selectively inhibited the growth of most Gram-positive bacteria including Streptococcus bovis, ruminococci, and Fibrobacter succinogenes, but not Gram-negative bacteria such as Megasphaera elsdenii, Succinivibrio dextrinosolvens, and Selenomonas ruminantium. A batch culture study revealed that MEL significantly decreased methane production in a dose-dependent manner with accumulation of hydrogen, while propionate production was enhanced. A continuous culture (Rusitec) study confirmed all of these changes. A feeding study revealed that sheep fed a MEL diet showed an increased proportion of propionate, while proportions of acetate and butyrate were decreased without affecting total VFA level. These changes disappeared after cessation of MEL feeding. Based on these results, dietary application of MEL can favorably modify rumen fermentation in terms of the efficiency of dietary energy utilization.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Antibacterianos , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Fermentação/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicolipídeos/administração & dosagem , Glicolipídeos/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Rúmen/metabolismo , Rúmen/microbiologia , Tensoativos/farmacologia , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Metabolismo Energético , Masculino , Metano/metabolismo , Propionatos/metabolismo , Ovinos
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5561-5566, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924915

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, yellow-pigmented, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated zrk23T, was isolated from a deep-sea cold seep. The strain was characterized by a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed zrk23T within the genus Sphingosinithalassobacter and showed the highest similarity to Sphingosinithalassobacter portus FM6T (97.93 %). Growth occurs at temperatures from 16 to 45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH values between pH 6.0 and 8.5 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in 0-5.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1.5 %). The major fatty acids were C16 : 0, C14 : 0 2-OH and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). The major isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-10. Predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified phosphoglycolipid, three unidentified glycolipids and three unidentified phospholipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 64.69 %. The average nucleotide identity values between zrk23T and the most closely related available genome, of Sphingosinithalassobacter portus FM6T, was 82.21 %, indicating that zrk23T was clearly distinguished from S. portus. The analysis of genome sequence of zrk23T revealed that there were many genes associated with degradation of aromatic compounds existing in the genome of zrk23T. As a result of the combination of the results of phylogenetic analysis and phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data, zrk23T was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Sphingosinithalassobacter, for which the name Sphingosinithalassobacter tenebrarum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is zrk23T (=KCTC 72896T=MCCC 1K04416T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Temperatura Baixa , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Glicolipídeos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5576-5585, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941125

RESUMO

Two novel Gram-stain-positive bacteria, designated as SCSIO 52909T and SCSIO 52915T, were isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected at about 3448 m water depth of the South China Sea. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic characteristics were investigated. These strains were aerobic and tested positive for catalase activity, oxidase activity and nitrate reduction. Optimal growth occurred at 28 °C, pH 7 and 3% salinity over 14 days cultivation. Its peptidoglycan structure was type A3α (l-Lys-l-Ala) and the only menaquinone was MK-8. Both strains possessed diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phosphoglycolipid, an unidentified glycolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. Their major fatty acids differed, but both contained iso-branched components of C16 : 0 12-methyl. Genome sequencing revealed two large genomes of 4.58 Mbp with G+C content of 67.0 mol% in SCSIO 52909T and of 4.42 Mbp with G+C content of 69.1 % in SCSIO 52915T. The two novel strains encoded genes for metabolism that are absent in most other Rubrobacter species, and possessed many more gene copy numbers of alkaline phosphatase and thioredoxin reductase. Results of gANI and 16S rRNA gene analyses suggested that the two strains represent two new species, with 74.9, 95.0 % pairwise similarity between each other, and less than 74.3 and 93.5 % to other recognized Rubrobacter species, respectively. In the phylogenetic analysis, strains SCSIO 52909T and SCSIO 52915T were separately clustered together and formed a well-separated phylogenetic branch distinct from the other known species in the genus Rubrobacter. Based on the data presented here, these two strains should be recognized as two new species in the genus Rubrobacter, for which the names Rubrobacter tropicus sp. nov., with the type strain SCSIO 52909T (=KCTC 49412T=CGMCC 1.13853T), and Rubrobacter marinus sp. nov., with the type strain SCSIO 52915T (=KCTC 49411T=CGMCC 1.13852T), are proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5280-5286, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881678

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, whitesmoke-coloured and aerobic bacterium, designated strain Co35T, was isolated from the intestine of Collichthys lucidus collected from the Jiangmen Guangdong Chinese White Dolphin Provincial Nature Reserve. Strain Co35T was able to grow at 15-35 °C (optimal 28 °C), at pH 7.0-8.5 (optimal 8.0) and with 0-9 % (w/v) NaCl (optimal 0.5-1 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain Co35T was a member of the genus Aeromicrobium within the family Nocardioidaceae. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain Co35T was 68.4 mol%. Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that the sole respiratory quinone was menaquinone 9 (MK-9), and the major fatty acids included 10-methyl C18 : 0. The polar lipids were found to consist of phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylinositol (PI), two unidentified phospholipids (PL1-2) and two unidentified glycolipids (GL1-2). On the basis of its phylogenetic, phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genotypic and genomic characteristics presented in this study, strain Co35T represents a novel species in the genus Aeromicrobium, for which the name Aeromicrobium piscarium sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Co35T (=KCTC 49280T=MCCC 1K03754T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Perciformes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Intestinos/microbiologia , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
12.
Life Sci ; 259: 118375, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Short-chain fatty acids were reported to be the precursors of milk fat and can stimulate the de novo synthesis of fatty acids in bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMECs). However, the mechanism has not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sodium butyrate (NaB) on milk fat synthesis in bMECs and explore its potential mechanism. METHODS: Bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMECs) were isolated for subsequent experimental uses. BODIPY staining and triglyceride kit were used to detect the milk fat synthesis in bMECs. Western blotting and RT-PCR assays were performed to detect the expression of related genes in bMECs. Immunoprecipitation was used to detect the acetylation of SREBP1 in bMECs. RESULTS: The results showed that NaB significantly promoted milk fat synthesis, promoted the activity of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and S6 kinase (S6K), inhibited the activity of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and promoted the gene expression of G protein-coupled receptor 41 (GPR41). Knockdown of GPR41 and sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and overexpression of sirtuin1 (SIRT1), mTOR inhibitor (rapamycin), and AMPK activator (AICIR) eliminated these effects. These results indicated that NaB increased the nuclear translocation of SREBP1 via the GPR41/AMPK/mTOR/S6K signalling pathway, promoted the acetylation of mature SREBP1a via GPR41/AMPK/SIRT1, and then promoted milk fat synthesis. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results demonstrated that NaB increased nuclear translocation and acetylation of SREBP1 to promote milk fat synthesis by activating GPR41 and its downstream signalling pathways.


Assuntos
Ácido Butírico/farmacologia , Glicolipídeos/biossíntese , Glicoproteínas/biossíntese , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Western Blotting , Carbazóis , Bovinos , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Imunoprecipitação , Gotículas Lipídicas , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/metabolismo , Naftalenos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/metabolismo
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5445-5452, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886595

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, non-mycelium-forming, motile, rod-shaped with one polar flagellum actinobacterium, designated E918T, was isolated from a desert soil collected in Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain E918T belonged to the genus Arthrobacter and was most closely related to Arthrobacter deserti CGMCC 1.15091T (97.2 % similarity). The peptidoglycan was of the A3α type and the whole-cell sugar profile was found to contain galactose. The major menaquinone was MK-9(H2). The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and two unidentified glycolipids. The major fatty acids identified were anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 68.69 mol%. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between strain E918T and A. deserti CGMCC 1.15091T were 28.0 and 83.4%, respectively. On the basis of its phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic features, strain E918T was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Arthrobacter, for which the name Arthrobacter mobilis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Arthrobacter mobilis is E918T (=JCM 33392T=CGMCC 1.16978T).


Assuntos
Arthrobacter/classificação , Clima Desértico , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Arthrobacter/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paquistão , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4774-4781, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744986

RESUMO

Three strains of a Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative, facultative anaerobic, and coccoid species were isolated from German bulk tank milk. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the three strains (WS4937T, WS4759 and WS5303) constitute an independent phylogenetic lineage within the family Aerococcaceae with Facklamia hominis CCUG 36813T (93.7-94.1 %) and Eremococcus coleocola M1831/95/2T (93.5 %) as most closely related type species. The unclassified strains demonstrated variable growth with 6.5 % (w/v) NaCl and tolerated pH 6.5-9.5. Growth was observed from 12 to 39 °C. Their cell-wall peptidoglycan belongs to the A1α type (l-Lys-direct) consisting of alanine, glutamic acid and lysine. The predominant fatty acids were C16 : 1 ω9c, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω9c and in the polar lipids profile three glycolipids, a phospholipid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphoglycolipid and diphosphatidylglycerol were found. The G+C content of strain WS4937T was 37.4 mol% with a genome size of ~3.0 Mb. Based on phylogenetic, phylogenomic and biochemical characterizations, the isolates can be demarcated from all other genera of the family Aerococcaceae and, therefore, the novel genus Fundicoccus gen. nov. is proposed. The type species of the novel genus is Fundicoccus ignavus gen. nov., sp. nov. WS4937T (=DSM 109652T=LMG 31441T).


Assuntos
Aerococcaceae/classificação , Leite/microbiologia , Filogenia , Aerococcaceae/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5271-5279, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833615

RESUMO

A psychrotolerant actinobacterium, designated strain J5903T, was isolated from an alkaline soil sample from the rhizosphere of Suaeda salsa collected in desertification land surrounding Jiuliancheng Nur in Hebei Province, PR China. Cells of the isolate were Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-motile and non-spore-forming cocci. Strain J5903T grew optimally at 20‒25 °C, at pH 7.0‒7.5 and with <1 % (w/v) NaCl. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was B2γ with d-2,4-diaminobutyric acid and l-2,4-diaminobutyric acid as diagnostic amino acids. The muramyl residue was acetyl type. The menaquinones were MK-11, MK-12, MK-10 and MK-13. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified glycolipid. The major whole-cell fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The genomic DNA G+C content was 69.1 mol%. It shared the highest average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values with Planctomonas deserti 13S1-3T. Phylogenies based on genome sequence showed that strain J5903T and P. deserti 13S1-3T formed a robust cluster with high bootstrap support. Strain J5903T shared typical chemotaxonomic characteristics with P. deserti 13S1-3T. Combining the polyphasic taxonomic evidence, strain J5903T represents a novel species of the genus Planctomonas, for which the name Planctomonas psychrotolerans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is J5903T (=DSM 101894T=CGMCC 1.15523T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Chenopodiaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Chemosphere ; 261: 127685, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771713

RESUMO

The effects of two representative surfactants, Rhamnolipids and Tween 80, on the microbial diversity of a PCE-degrading consortium during surfactant-enhanced biodegradation, were explored. The biodegradation efficiency was increased from 47.25% to 73.44%, and 47.25%-66.69%, with the addition of Rhamnolipid at 10 mg/L and Tween 80 at 50 mg/L, respectively. PCE biodegradation kinetics can be described by the pseudo-first-order reaction model for both scenarios. Analyses of alpha and beta indices of the microbial consortium showed that the microbial diversity of both groups exposed to either surfactant was not significantly different from the PCE only group. However, the bacterial abundance in the consortium changed significantly at both the phylum and genus levels. The results demonstrated that the composition of the PCE-degrading consortium is relatively stable, but the exposure to both surfactants results in the enrichment of some genera, which could contribute to the increased biodegradation efficiency.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Tensoativos/toxicidade , Glicolipídeos , Cinética , Consórcios Microbianos , Polissorbatos , Tetracloroetileno/metabolismo
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 5106-5114, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804604

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain, designated 15TR583T, was isolated from a waterlogged acidic soil collected near the town of Trebon, Czech Republic, and was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic characterization. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences revealed that the organism forms an individual line of descent related to the order Streptosporangiales, class Actinomycetia. The strain shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, yet of only 92.8%, with Actinocorallia aurea IFO 14752T. The strain grew in white colonies of aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, unbranching substrate mycelium bearing single spores at hyphae tips. The major fatty acids (>10%) were iso-C16 : 0, C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 1ω9 and 10-methyl-C17 : 0. The fatty acid pattern differed from all patterns currently described for actinobacterial genera. The organism contained as major menaquinones MK9(H6) and MK9(H8), which differentiated it from other actinobacterial families. Polar lipids were composed of six unidentified glycolipids, an unidentified phosphoglycolipid, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified aminolipids. Whole-cell sugars contained galactose, xylose and arabinose as major components. The peptidoglycan type was A1γ meso-diaminopimelic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 69.7 mol%. The distinct phylogenetic position and unusual combination of chemotaxonomic characteristics justify the proposal of Trebonia gen. nov., with the type species Trebonia kvetii sp. nov. (type strain 15TR583T=CCM 8942T=DSM 109105T), within Treboniaceae fam. nov.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , República Tcheca , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0235404, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785222

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the role of selected serum inflammatory cytokines and berberine in the insulin signaling pathway among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Selected serum inflammatory cytokines were analyzed in the particle cells, which were interfered by berberine, from 78 infertile women who were to be treated with In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) /Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection-Embryo Transfer (icsi-et). Among them, 49 patients had PCOS infertility, and 29 were non-PCOS patients whose infertility resulted from fallopian tube and male factors. The elisa method was used to detect the changes in the expression levels of inflammatory factors in the cells. The correlations between the serum inflammatory cytokine expression levels and the corresponding clinical hormones were analyzed. The changes in the expression (mRNA and protein) levels of the serum inflammatory cytokines were studied by real-time quantitative PCR and protein printing. Fluorescence microscope and flow cytometry were used to detect the glucose uptake capacity of ovarian granulosa cells in PCOS patients under the action of insulin after berberine. RESULTS: In the PCOS group, IL-17a (P = 0.001), IL-1Ra (P<0.0001), and IL-6 (P = 0.035) were significantly higher than those in the non-PCOS group. In the non-PCOS group, AMH level was negatively correlated with inflammatory cytokines IL-17a (r = -0.819;P = 0.004), IL-1a (r = -0.716;P = 0.0.02), IL-1b (r = -0.678;P = 0.031), IL-2 (r = -0.765;P = 0.01), and IL-8 (r = -0.705;P = 0.023). However, in the PCOS group, AMH levels were not significantly correlated with the levels of the examined inflammatory cytokines. Berberine significantly reduced the expression level of mTOR mRNA (P = 0.001), and increased the expression level of IRS-1 mRNA (P = 0.009) in the PCOS granule cells. CONCLUSION: In this study, we find that the elevated levels of serum inflammatory factors IL-17a, IL-1Ra, and IL-6 cause women to be in a subclinical inflammatory state for a long time. Abnormal changes in inflammatory factors alter their original negative correlations with AMH levels, thereby weakening the metabolism of glycolipids, promoting insulin resistance, destroying the normal ovulation and fertilization system of women, leading to polycystic ovary syndrome characterized by menstrual thinning and abnormal ovulation. Berberine can improve the sensitivity of insulin by regulating the signal pathway of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in PCOS patients and achieve a therapeutic effect of treating PCOS.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Insulina/sangue , Interleucinas/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Hormônio Antimülleriano/metabolismo , Berberina/administração & dosagem , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Glicolipídeos/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/genética , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/sangue , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 5115-5122, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32809927

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-spore-forming, irregular short rod-shaped actinobacterial strain, designated YIM 102482-1T, was isolated from the faeces of Macaca mulatta. Strain YIM 102482-1T grew optimally at 30-37 °C, at pH 8.0 and in the presence of 1.0-3.0% (w/v) NaCl. Similarly, analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain YIM 102482-1T was a member of the genus Gulosibacter and most closely related to Gulosibacter feacalis NBRC 15706T (97.6 %), Gulosibacter bifidus NBRC 103089T (97.6 %), Gulosibacter chungangensis KCTC 13959T (96.4 %) and Gulosibacter molinativorax DSM 13485T (96.0 %), respectively. Furthermore, phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and genomic sequences demonstrated that strain YIM 102482-1T formed a distinct branch with all type strains of the genus Gulosibacter. The major whole-cell sugars and cellular fatty acids (>10.0 %) were ribose and rhamnose, and anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C16 : 0, respectively. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9, and 2,4-diaminobutyric acid and ornithine were the diagnostic diamino acids in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The dominant polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and unidentified glycolipid. The DNA G+C content of YIM 102482-1T was 63.0 mol%. Based on analysis results of physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic data, strain YIM 102482-1T represents a novel species of the genus Gulosibacter, for which the name Gulosibacter macacae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 102482-1T(=DSM 102156T=CCTCC AB 2016023T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Macaca mulatta/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Glicolipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 4966-4977, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762801

RESUMO

The family Caulobacteraceae comprises prosthecate bacteria with a dimorphic cell cycle and also non-prosthecate bacteria. Cells of all described species divide by binary fission. Strain 0127_4T was isolated from forest soil in Baden Württemberg (Germany) and determined to be the first representative of the family Caulobacteraceae which divided by budding. Cells of strain 0127_4T were Gram-negative, rod-shaped, prosthecate, motile by means of a polar flagellum, non-spore-forming and non-capsulated. The strain formed small white colonies and grew aerobically and chemo-organotrophically utilizing organic acids, amino acids and proteinaceous substrates. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that this bacterium was related to Aquidulcibacter paucihalophilus TH1-2T and Asprobacter aquaticus DRW22-8T with 91.3 and 89.7% sequence similarity, respectively. Four unidentified glycolipids were detected as the major polar lipids and, unlike all described members of the family Caulobacteraceae, phosphatidylglycerol was absent. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c), summed feature 9 (iso-C17 : 1ω9c/C16 : 0 10-methyl), C16 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω6c/C16 : 1 ω7c). The major respiratory quinone was Q-10. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 63.5 %. Based on the present taxonomic characterization, strain 0127_4T represents a novel species of a new genus, Terricaulis silvestris gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Terricaulis silvestris is 0127_4T (=DSM 104635T=CECT 9243T).


Assuntos
Caulobacteraceae/classificação , Florestas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Caulobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Alemanha , Glicolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
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