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1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3323-3327, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375986

RESUMO

The Gram-strain-negative, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic, non-motile bacterial strain, designated S1-10T, was isolated from marine sediment. Strain S1-10T grew at 4-42 °C (optimally at 30-35 °C), at pH 7.0-10 (optimally at pH 9) and in the presence of 0.5-8 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain S1-10T was related to the genus Aequorivita and had highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Aequorivita viscosa 8-1bT (97.7%). The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The main respiratory quinone was menaquinone 6 (MK-6). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain S1-10T was 34.6 mol%. The polar lipid profile of strain S1-10T contained phosphatidylethanolamine, two aminolipids, two glycolipids, one phosphoglycolipid and three unidentified polar lipids. In addition, the maximum values of in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (isDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) between strain S1-10T and A. viscosa CGMCC 1.11023T were 15.4 and 75.7 %, respectively. Combined data from phenotypic, phylogenetic, isDDH and ANI analyses demonstrated that strain S1-10T is the representative of a novel species of the genus Aequorivita, for which we propose the name Aequorivita sinensis sp. nov. (type strain S1-10T=CGMCC 1.12579T=JCM 19789T). We also propose that Vitellibacter todarodis and Vitellibacter aquimaris should be transferred into genus Aequorivita and be named Aequorivita todarodis comb. nov. and Aequorivita aquimaris comb. nov., respectively. The type strain of Aequorivita todarodis comb. nov. is MYP2-2T (= KCTC 62141T= NBRC 113025T) and the type strain of Aequorivita aquimaris comb. nov. is D-24T (=KCTC 42708T=DSM 101732T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
2.
Chemosphere ; 253: 126617, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278905

RESUMO

Remediation of wetland soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons is a challenging task. Biosurfactant and biochar have been used in oil remediation. However, little is known about the ecotoxicity of these materials when applied in wetland ecosystems. In this study, the ecotoxicity of biochar and rhamnolipid (RL) biosurfactant as crude oil remediation strategies in a Louisiana wetland soil was investigated. A pot experiment was set up with wetland soil treated with/without crude oil followed by subjecting to application of 1% biochar and various levels of RL ranging from 0.1% to 1.4%. The ecotoxicity was evaluated regarding to high plant (S. Alterniflora), algae, and soil microbes. Specifically, after a 30-day growth in a controlled chamber, plant biomass change as well as shoot/root ratio was measured. Algae growth was estimated by quantifying chlorophyll by spectrometry following separation, and soil microbial community was characterized by phospholipid fatty acids analysis. Results showed that plant can tolerate RL level up to 0.8%, while algae growth was strongly inhibited at RL > 0.1%. Algal biomass was significantly increased by biochar, which offset the negative impact of oil and RL. Additionally, soil microbial community shift caused by crude oil and RL was alleviated by biochar with promoting Gram-positive bacteria, actinomycetes, and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Overall, this study shows that integrated treatment of biochar and RL has the lowest ecotoxicity to plant and algae when used in oil remediation of contaminated wetland soils.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal/química , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Glicolipídeos/química , Petróleo/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Áreas Alagadas , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biomassa , Ecossistema , Hidrocarbonetos , Louisiana , Micorrizas , Petróleo/análise , Solo/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/química
3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 192: 110298, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061986

RESUMO

Phytoremediation using economic crops is an alternative treatment option for contaminated areas that are being utilized by people. In this study, phytoextraction with a local economic crop (corn) that allows simultaneous Cd contamination reduction and corn biomass utilization is proposed. Biosurfactants, rhamnolipid (RL) and saponin (SP), were introduced to enhance Cd phytoextraction. The optimum RL and SP dose was 4 mmol kg-1. Cd uptake and corn biomass were higher with biosurfactant addition than in the control (without biosurfactants addition), by 2.7 and 2.3-fold, respectively, on the 30th day of corn plantation. The optimum biosurfactant doses were applied to phytoextraction experiments with corn at different corn growth stages (7th, 45th, and 80th day). The highest Cd uptake levels were recorded on day 45, and the maximum uptake was achieved with RL addition (39.06 mg Cd kg-1). These results were confirmed by bioaccumulation factors, which indicated that RL enhanced soil Cd uptake by corn plants to the highest extent. However, Cd concentration in corn kernels from RL-assisted phytoextraction exceeded the standards for animal feed. On the other hand, although Cd uptake by corn plants in the presence of SP was lower, Cd content in the resulting corn kernels were within the allowable standard limit for animal feedstock. Moreover, compared to RL and control treatments, SP treatment resulted in higher Cd levels in the shoot than in the root, as confirmed by translocation factors. Meanwhile, SP could significantly promote soil Cd removal efficiency; Cd removal efficiencies on day 80 were in the order of SP (18.80%) > RL (11.33%) > control (4.59%). In addition, Cd leaching after addition of RL and SP was investigated. The two surfactants caused much lower Cd leaching from soil than ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). The results of this study indicate that SP-assisted Cd phytoextraction using corn is applicable for the remediation of Cd-contaminated areas in Mae Sot District.


Assuntos
Cádmio/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Tensoativos/química , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biomassa , Glicolipídeos/química , Brotos de Planta/metabolismo , Saponinas/química , Sementes/metabolismo
4.
Chemosphere ; 250: 126261, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109701

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of rhamnolipid (RL) and ferric ions on the performance of a biotrickling filter (BTF) for the removal of gas-phase 1,2-dichlorobenzene (o-DCB). A comprehensive investigation of microbial growth, pollutant solubility, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and enzymatic activity in o-DCB degradation by an isolated strain Bacillus cereus DL-1 with/without RL and Fe3+ were carried out using batch microcosm experiments. In addition, o-DCB removal performance, biofilm morphology, and microbial community structures in two identical lab-scale biotrickling filters (named BTF1 and BTF2) inoculated with strain DL-1 were studied. The batch microcosm experiments demonstrated that 120 mg L-1 RL and 4 mg L-1 Fe3+ could enhance the biodegradation of o-DCB, which may be due to promotion on bacterial growth, o-DCB solubilization, C12O enzyme activity, and polysaccharide (PS) and protein (PN) in EPS. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra indicated that the addition of RL with Fe3+ had notable effects on the functional groups of PS and PN in EPS. The experimental results in BTFs indicate that the removal efficiency of o-DCB decreased from 100% to 56.4% for BTF1, which was not fed with RL and Fe3+, and from 100% to 80.3% for BTF2, which was fed with RL and Fe3+, when the inlet loading rate increased from 4.88 to 102 g m-3 h-1 at an empty bed residence time of 60 s. In addition, the microbial adhesive strength and the microbial community structure were different among both BTFs, highlighting the positive effects of RL and Fe3+.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/química , Clorobenzenos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biofilmes , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Filtração/métodos , Íons , Ferro
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 2108-2114, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32038004

RESUMO

The Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, oxidase- and catalase-positive, rod-shaped yellow-coloured bacterial strain MG-N-17T was isolated from a water sample of Lake Ferto/Neusiedler See (Hungary). Results of phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that the strain forms a distinct linage within the family Verrucomicrobiaceae of the phylum Verrucomicrobia, and its closest relatives are Verrucomicrobium spinosum DSM 4136T (94.38 %) and Roseimicrobium gellanilyticum DC2a-G7T (91.55 %). The novel bacterial strain prefers a weak alkaline environment and grows optimally between 22-28 °C in the absence of NaCl. The major isoprenoid quinones are MK-10, MK-11, MK-12 and MK-9. The major cellular fatty acids are anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0, C16 : 1ω5c and iso-C14 : 0. The polar lipid profile contains phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids and four unidentified glycolipids. The assembled draft genome of strain MG-N-17T had 44 contigs with an N50 value 348255 nt, 56.5× genome coverage, total length of 5 910 933 bp and G+C content of 56.9 mol%. Strain MG-N-17T (=DSM 106674T=NCAIM B.02643T) is proposed as the type strain of a new genus and species in the family Verrucomicrobiaceae, for which the name Phragmitibacter flavus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Verrucomicrobia/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hungria , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Verrucomicrobia/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1918-1923, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100694

RESUMO

Strains Sr36T and TMT4-23T were isolated from No. 1 glacier in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Toumingmengke glacier in Gansu Province, PR China, respectively. They were Gram-stain-positive and rod-shaped micro-organisms. The optimum growth temperature of the two strains was 10-14 °C. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the two strains were related to members of the genus Cryobacterium. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain Sr36T and its close relatives Cryobacterium luteum Hh15T, Cryobacterium aureum Hh31T, Cryobacterium levicorallinum Hh34T and Cryobacterium flavum Hh8T were 81.16-87.24 and 28.0-32.5 %, respectively. The ANI and dDDH values between strain TMT4-23T and its close relative Cryobacterium psychrotolerans 0549T were 81.16 and 22.3 %. The polar lipids of strain Sr36T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified glycolipid and three unidentified lipids. The polar lipids of strain TMT4-23T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified glycolipid, one unidentified phospholipid and six unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids of strain Sr36T were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 1. The major fatty acids of strain TMT4-23T were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 1 and iso-C15 : 1. Both strains contained 2,4-diaminobutyric acid and their predominant menaquinone was MK-10. On the basis of the phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic data, two novel species Cryobacterium ruanii sp. nov. (type strain = Sr36T=CGMCC 1.9275T=NBRC 113797T) and Cryobacterium breve sp. nov. (type strain =TMT4-23T=CGMCC 1.9556T=NBRC 113800T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Camada de Gelo/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
J Dairy Sci ; 103(4): 3017-3024, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32089302

RESUMO

Xinong Saanen goat milk is a major source of milk in the Chinese dairy industry. Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) proteomes of goat colostrum and mature milk were analyzed and compared using proteomic technology. A total of 543 and 585 proteins were identified in goat colostrum and mature milk, respectively. Functional category analyses revealed that most of the MFGM proteins in both colostrum and mature milk were related to phosphoprotein and acetylation. The biological process of translation, cellular component of extracellular exosome, and molecular function of poly(A) RNA binding were the main gene ontology annotations of both colostrum and mature milk. Pathways associated with disease and genetic information processing involved large number of proteins in colostrum and mature milk, and more metabolism-related pathways were observed in mature milk. Protein-protein interaction network analyses showed that ribosome was abundant in both colostrum and mature milk. Colostrum showed more functions associated with protein processing in the endoplasmic reticulum, whereas mature milk had more oxidative phosphorylation functions. The results could provide further understanding of the unique biological properties of MFGM proteins of goat colostrum and mature milk.


Assuntos
Colostro/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Glicoproteínas/química , Cabras , Leite/química , Proteoma , Animais , Feminino , Ontologia Genética , Cabras/metabolismo , Membranas , Proteínas do Leite/análise , Gravidez , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
J Microbiol ; 58(2): 105-112, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993986

RESUMO

Two halophilic archaeal strains, SHR37T and NEN6, were isolated from salt lakes located in the Tibet and Xinjiang regions of China. The two strains were found to form a single cluster (99.9% and 99.3% similarity, respectively) separating them from the six current members of Natronorubrum (94.7-96.9% and 86.1-90.8% similarity, respectively) on the basis of the 16S rRNA and rpoB' gene sequence similarities and phylogenetic analysis. Diverse phenotypic characteristics differentiate strains SHR37T and NEN6 from current Natronorubrum members. Their polar lipids are C20C20 and C20C25glycerol diether derivatives of PG, PGP-Me, and a major gycolipid chromatographically identical to disulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether (S2-DGD). Four minor unidentified gycolipids are also present. The OrthoANI and in silico DDH values of the two strains were 97.3% and 76.1%, respectively, which were much higher than the threshold values proposed as a species boundary (ANI 95-96% and in silico DDH 70%), which revealed that the two strains represent one species; the two values (ANI 79.0-81.9% and in silico DDH 23.5-25.7%) of the strains examined in this study and the current members of Natronorubrum are much lower than the recommended threshold values, suggesting that strains SHR37T and NEN6 represent a genomically different species of Natronorubrum. These results showed that strains SHR37T (= CGMCC 1.15233T = JCM 30845T) and NEN6 (= CGMCC 1.17161) represent a novel species of Natronorubrum, for which the name Natronorubrum halophilum sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Halobacteriaceae/classificação , Halobacteriaceae/genética , Halobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , China , Classificação , DNA Arqueal , Genoma Arqueal , Glicolipídeos/química , Halobacteriaceae/metabolismo , Lagos , Fenótipo , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Tibet
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1720-1728, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913112

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, coccoid-shaped, catalase- and oxidase-positive, non-denitrifying, neutrophilic bacterium designated as strain JC501T was isolated from an epiphytic rhizosphere of an orchid, Aerides maculosa, growing in the Western Ghats of India. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain JC501T belonged to the genus Paracoccus and had the highest levels of sequence identity with Paracoccus marinus KKL-A5T (98.9 %), Paracoccus contaminans WPAn02T (97.3 %) and other members of the genus Paracoccus (<97.3 %). Strain JC501T produced indole-3 acetic acid and other indole derivatives from tryptophan. The dominant respiratory quinone was Q-10 and the major fatty acid was C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c, with significant quantities of C18 : 1ω9c, C17 : 0 and C16 : 0. The polar lipids of strain JC501T comprised phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, diphosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified glycolipid, two unidentified aminolipids, two unidentified lipids and four unidentified phospholipids. The genome of strain JC501T was 3.3 Mbp with G+C content of 69.4 mol%. For the resolution of the phylogenetic congruence of the novel strain, the phylogeny was also reconstructed with the sequences of eight housekeeping genes. Based on the results of phylogenetic analyses, low (<85.9 %) average nucleotide identity, digital DNA-DNA hybridization (<29.8 %), chemotaxonomic analysis and physiological properties, strain JC501T could not be classified into any of the recognized species of the genus Paracoccus. Strain JC501T represents a novel species, for which the name Paracoccus aeridis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JC501T (=LMG 30532T=NBRC 113644T).


Assuntos
Orchidaceae/microbiologia , Paracoccus/classificação , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Índia , Ácidos Indolacéticos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paracoccus/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1931-1939, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967955

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile and non-spore-forming bacterium, designated HAL-9T, was isolated from oil-contaminated soil in Daqing oilfield, Heilongjiang Province, PR China. Strain HAL-9T was able to degrade quizalofop-p-ethyl and diclofop-methyl. Growth was observed at 10-35 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and salinity of 0 %-5.0 % (w/v; optimum 1.0 %). The results of phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene indicated that strain HAL-9T belongs to the genus Sphingobacterium and showed the highest sequence similarity (98.3 %) to Sphingobacterium alkalisoli Y3L14T, followed by Sphingobacterium mizutaii DSM 11724T (95.1 %) and Sphingobacterium lactis DSM 22361T (95.1 %). Menaquinone-7 (MK-7) was the only isoprenoid quinone. The predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), iso-C15: 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, three phosphoglycolipids and three unidentified lipids. The draft genome of strain HAL-9T was 5.41 Mb. The G+C content of strain HAL-9T was 40.6 mol%. Furthermore, the average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain HAL-9T and S. alkalisoli Y3L14T were 86.2 % and 32.8 %, respectively, which were below the standard thresholds for species differentiation. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic evidence, strain HAL-9T represents a novel species in the genus Sphingobacterium, for which the name Sphingobacterium olei sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HAL-9T (=ACCC 61581T=CCTCC AB 2019176T=KCTC 72287T).


Assuntos
Poluição por Petróleo , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Sphingobacterium/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1805-1813, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971497

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, mesophilic Ktedonobacteria strain, W12T, was isolated from soil of the Mt Zao volcano in Miyagi, Japan. Cells were filamentous, non-motile, and grew at 20-37 °C (optimally at 30 °C), at pH 5.0-7.0 (optimally at pH 6.0) and with <2 % (w/v) NaCl on 10-fold diluted Reasoner's 2A (R2A) medium. Oval-shaped spores were formed on aerial mycelia. Strain W12T hydrolysed microcrystalline cellulose and xylan very weakly, and used d-glucose as its sole carbon source. The major menaquinone was MK-9, and the major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 1 2-OH, iso-C17 : 0, summed feature 9 (10-methyl C16 : 0 and/or iso-C17 : 1ω9c) and anteiso-C17 : 0. Cell-wall sugars were mannose and xylose, and cell-wall amino acids were d-glutamic acid, glycine, l-serine, d-alanine, l-alanine, ß-alanine and l-ornithine. Polar lipids were phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified glycolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. Strain W12T has a genome of 7.42 Mb with 49.7 mol% G+C content. Nine copies of 16S rRNA genes with a maximum dissimilarity of 1.02 % and 13 biosynthetic gene clusters mainly coding for peptide products were predicted in the genome. Phylogenetic analysis based on both 16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequences indicated that strain W12T represents a novel species in the genus Dictyobacter. The most closely related Dictyobacter type strain was Dictyobacter alpinus Uno16T, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and genomic average nucleotide identity of 98.37 % and 80.00 %, respectively. Herein, we propose the name Dictyobacter vulcani sp. nov. for the type strain W12T (=NBRC 113551T=BCRC 81169T) in the bacterial class Ktedonobacteria.


Assuntos
Chloroflexi/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , Chloroflexi/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Japão , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química , Erupções Vulcânicas
12.
Food Chem ; 314: 126160, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958749

RESUMO

Lipolysis products released during digestion exert positive metabolic impacts on the nutrition of newborns. However, the lipolysis behavior of yak milk lipids during digestion remains unknown. In this study, the simulated in vitro infant gastrointestinal digestion of cow, yak and standardized yak milk fat globules the same size as those from cow milk (Cow MF, Yak MF and Yak SMF) were compared. Although Cow MF showed a higher lipolysis rate at the beginning of gastric digestion, Yak MF and Yak SMF exhibited a higher lipolysis level during later gastrointestinal digestion. Higher hydrolysis efficiency of yak milk lipids was due to their lipid properties, including their composition and structure. Furthermore, yak milk lipids released more unsaturated fatty acids than Cow MF throughout digestion. This study highlights the crucial role of lipid characteristics in the efficient digestion of milk lipids and provides new insight for the design of yak milk infant diets.


Assuntos
Digestão , Glicolipídeos/farmacocinética , Glicoproteínas/farmacocinética , Leite/química , Animais , Bovinos , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/farmacocinética , Feminino , Glicolipídeos/química , Glicoproteínas/química , Humanos , Hidrólise , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Lipídeos/química , Lipólise
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1684-1690, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913113

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain, designated KGMB04484T, was isolated from healthy human faeces sampled in the Republic of Korea. Cells of strain KGMB04484T were strictly anaerobic, Gram-stain-positive, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, non-motile coccobacilli and formed tiny colonies on Columbia agar with 5 % horse blood. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain KGMB04484T was affiliated with the genus Senegalimassilia in the family Coriobacteriaceae and its closest relative was Senegalimassilia anaerobia JC110T (96.28 % sequence similarity). The DNA G+C content of strain KGMB04484T was 61.2 mol%. The polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phospholipid, an unidentified aminolipid and three unidentified glycolipids. The predominant cellular fatty acids (>10 %) of strain KGMB04484T were C14 : 0, C16 : 0 and C16 : 0 dimethyl acetal. Based on its phylogenetic, physiological and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain KGMB04484T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Senegalimassilia, for which the name Senegalimassilia faecalis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KGMB04484T (=KCTC 15721T=CCUG 72347T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Anaerobiose , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Humanos , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1648-1655, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913115

RESUMO

Three halophilic archaeal strains, YJ-53T, ZS-5 and DYF38, were isolated from marine solar salterns located in different provinces of China. The three strains formed a single cluster (99.7-99.8 and 97.9-99.2 % similarities, respectively) that was separate from the current two members of Salinigranum (96.7-98.0 and 89.8-92.9 % similarities, respectively) on the basis of 16S rRNA and rpoB' gene sequence comparisons and phylogenetic analysis. Diverse phenotypic characteristics differentiated strains YJ-53T, ZS-5 and DYF38 from Salinigranum rubrum GX10T and Salinigranum salinum YJ-50-S2T. The major polar lipids of isolated strains were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester and two major glycolipids chromatographically identical to mannosyl glucosyl diether and sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether, detected in the current members of Salinigranum. The OrthoANI and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) values between the three strains were in the range of 97.7-98.4 % and 80.3-86.1 %, respectively, much higher than the threshold values proposed as species boundaries (average nucleotide identity 95-96 % and in silico DDH 70 %), revealing that the three strains represent one species. Results of comparative OrthoANI and in silico DDH analyses of the strains described in this study with validly described members of the genus Salinigranum supported that strains YJ-53T (=CGMCC 1.12860T=JCM 30238T), ZS-5 (=CGMCC 1.12867=JCM 30240) and DYF38 (=CGMCC 1.13779=JCM 33557) represent a novel species of the genus Salinigranum, for which the name Salinigranum halophilum sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Euryarchaeota/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , China , DNA Arqueal/genética , Euryarchaeota/isolamento & purificação , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Microbiologia da Água
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1888-1894, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967953

RESUMO

A novel, Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-endospore-forming, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium designated RB2T was isolated from sap of Populus euphratica collected in Mulei county, Xinjiang province, PR China. RB2T was able to grow at 10-45 °C (optimum 35 °C), pH 6.0-12.0 (optimum 8.0) and with 0-12 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1 %). The genomic DNA G+C content was 63.5 % (from the genome sequence). The results of the chemotaxonomic analysis indicated that the predominant isoprenoid quinones were MK-8 and MK-9. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The major polar lipids of RB2T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and two glycolipids. The peptidoglycan type of RB2T was A4α, l-Lys-Gly-l-Glu. The results of the phylogenetic analysis, along with the phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, indicate that strain RB2T represents a novel species of the genus Nesterenkonia, for which the name Nesterenkonia muleiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RB2T (=MCCC 1K03528T=KCTC 49017T).


Assuntos
Micrococcaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Populus/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Micrococcaceae/isolamento & purificação , Peptidoglicano/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1729-1737, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967954

RESUMO

A novel thermophilic bacterium, designated CFH 72773T was isolated from the enrichment of a Jinze hot spring sample which was collected from Dientan town, Tengchong county, Yunnan province, south-western PR China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and non-sporulating. The taxonomic position of the strain was investigated by using a polyphasic approach. Growth occurred at 37-75 °C, pH 6.0-8.0 and with 0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated the strain represented a member of the genus Thermus and showed close relationships to the type strains Thermus caliditerrae YIM 77925T (96.3 % similarity) and Thermus igniterrae RF-4T (96.2 % similarity). The whole genome of CFH 72773T consisted of 2.25 Mbp and the DNA G+C content was 69.5 mol%. A total of 2262 genes, including a variety of enzymes for chemolithotrophy and anerobic respiration, were predicted. The strain had a unique negative oxidase activity and could hydrolyze starch at high temperature. Furthermore, various genes related to methane, sulfur, fumarate and nitrate metabolism were found, all these indicated that it is worth studying the novel strain. The predominant menaquinone is MK-8. The predominant cellular fatty acids included iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0. The major polar lipids were comprised of aminophospholipid, glycolipid and two phospholipids. On the basis of low ANI values, different phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characters and phylogenetic analysis, we made a proposal that strain CFH 72773T represents a novel member of the genus Thermus, for which the name Thermus thermamylovorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CFH 72773T (=CCTCC AB2018244T=KCTC 43129T).


Assuntos
Fontes Termais/microbiologia , Filogenia , Thermus/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Thermus/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1969-1976, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971500

RESUMO

Three rod-shaped halophilic archaeal strains, DL-M4T, LYG-109 and DLLS-108T, were isolated from the salted brown alga Laminaria produced in different marine areas of PR China. Cells of strains were motile, formed red-pigmented colonies on agar and lysed in distilled water. The three strains grew optimally with 2.6 M NaCl, with 0.05-0.3 M MgCl2, at 37 °C and at pH 7.0-7.5. The results of phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA and rpoB' genes differentiated these strains into two clusters belonging to the genus Halostella, which currently contains Halostella salina CBA1114T and Halostella limicola LT12T. Strains DL-M4T and LYG-109 formed a single cluster separate from the current two members of Halostella (94.4-95.7 and 90.0-90.9 % similarities, respectively) while strain DLLS-108T had Hsl. salina CBA1114T as its nearest neighbour (97.7-97.8 and 95.9 % similarities, respectively) and was separated from Hsl. limicola LT12T (94.4-95.8 and 93.4 % similarities, respectively). These clusters represented two distinct novel species as indicated by phenotypic characteristics, polar lipid compositions and whole-genome comparisons. Diverse phenotypic characteristics, morphology and growth characteristics, nutrition and miscellaneous biochemical tests differentiate strains DL-M4T, LYG-109, DLLS-108T from Hsl. limicola LT12T and Hsl. salina CBA1114T. Strains DL-M4T and LYG-109 contained phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester and three unidentified glycolipids, while strain DLLS-108T contained these polar lipids and two unidentified phospholipids. The major respiratory quinones detected in the three isolates were menaquinone MK-8 and MK-8(H2). The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (isDDH) values between the isolated strains and the current two members of Halostella were found to be 79.3-86.6 (ANI) and 22.9-49.8 % (isDDH). All these results showed that the three isolates represent two novel species of the genus Halostella for which the names Halostella pelagica sp. nov. [type strain dl-M4T (=CGMCC 1.13603T=JCM 32954T)] and Halostella litorea sp. nov. [type strain DLLS-108T(=CGMCC 1.13610T=JCM 32955T)] are proposed.


Assuntos
Halobacteriaceae/classificação , Laminaria/microbiologia , Filogenia , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Arqueal/genética , Genes Arqueais , Glicolipídeos/química , Halobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1987-1992, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999238

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated N8T, was isolated from the interfacial sediment of Taihu Lake in PR China. The strain formed white to blue colonies on R2A agar. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain N8T represented a member of the genus Gemmobacter and was most closely related to Gemmobacter aquaticus A1-9T (97.97 %). The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNAhybridization values between strain N8T and G. aquaticus A1-9T based on their whole genomes were 78.8 and 21.7 %, respectively. Q-10 was the main predominant ubiquinone. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), C18 : 0 and C16 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 66.1 mol%. The polar lipids comprised phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, one unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified glycolipids and two unidentified lipids. Based on its physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain N8T represents a novel species of the genus Gemmobacter, for which the name Gemmobacter caeruleus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is N8T=(KACC 21307T=MCCC 1K04036T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1166-1171, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769751

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated strain 16Sb5-5T, was isolated from a sand sample collected in the Taklamakan desert in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. The strain was examined by a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Cells of the isolate were Gram-staining-positive, aerobic, non-motile and short-rod shaped. Strain 16Sb5-5T grew optimally at 37 °C, pH 7.0 and with 0‒2 % (w/v) NaCl. The cell-wall peptidoglycan was of the A3γ type and contained alanine, glycine, glutamic acid and ll-diaminopimelic acid (ll-DAP). Ribose, arabinose and glucose were detected in the whole-cell hydrolysates. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified phospholipid, three unidentified glycolipids and three unidentified lipids. The major whole-cell fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain 16Sb5-5T was closely related to Desertihabitans aurantiacus CPCC 204711T (99.8 % similarity) and formed a robust clade with D. aurantiacus in the phylogenetic trees. In silico genomic comparisons showed that strain 16Sb5-5T exhibited ANI values of 94.8-94.9 % and GGDC value of 59.5 % to D. aurantiacus CPCC 204711T. The genomic G+C content was 73.3 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses, strain 16Sb5-5T could be distinguishable from its closest phylogenetic relative and represents a novel species of the genus Desertihabitans, for which the name Desertihabitans brevis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 16Sb5-5T (=KCTC 49116T=CGMCC 1.16553T). The description of the genus Desertihabitans has also been emended.


Assuntos
Clima Desértico , Filogenia , Areia/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 43(1): 126039, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776051

RESUMO

Clinical and environmental-associated strains (n=17), genotypically related to Corynebacterium spp., yet distinct from any species of the genus Corynebacterium with validly published names, have been isolated during the last 20 years and tentatively identified as Corynebacterium sanguinis, although the combination, "Corynebacterium sanguinis" was never validly published. The comprehensive genotypic and phenotypic characterisations and genomic analyses in this study support the proposal for recognizing the species within the genus Corynebacterium, for which the name, Corynebacterium sanguinis sp. nov., is reaffirmed and proposed. Strains of Corynebacterium sanguinis are Gram-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, short, pleomorphic and coryneform bacilli, growing aerobically, with CO2. They contain mycolic acids, major respiratory menaquinones, MK-8 (II-H2) and MK-9 (II-H2), and polar lipids, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphoglycolipid, glycolipids and a novel lipid that remains to be characterized and identified. Strains of Corynebacterium sanguinis are genotypically most similar to Corynebacterium lipophiliflavum, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 98.3% and rpoB sequence similarities of 94.9-95.2%. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis were able to clearly differentiate Corynebacterium sanguinis from the most closely related species. The genome size of Corynebacterium sanguinis is 2.28-2.37Mbp with 65.1-65.5mol% G+C content. A total of 2202-2318 ORFs were predicted, comprising 2141-2251 protein-encoding genes. The type strain is CCUG 58655T (=CCM 8873T=NCTC 14287T).


Assuntos
Infecções por Corynebacterium/microbiologia , Corynebacterium/classificação , Microbiologia Ambiental , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Composição de Bases , Corynebacterium/química , Corynebacterium/citologia , Corynebacterium/fisiologia , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Tamanho do Genoma , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Glicolipídeos/química , Humanos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie , Vitamina K 2/química
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