Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 12.427
Filtrar
1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(35): 9950-9957, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403788

RESUMO

Protein glycosylation is a ubiquitous posttranslational modification that modulates protein properties, thereby influencing bioactivities within a system. Duck egg white (DEW) proteins exhibit diverse biological properties compared with their chicken egg white (CEW) counterparts, which might be related to glycosylation. N-Glycoproteome analysis of DEW was conducted, and a total of 231 N-glycosites from 68 N-glycoproteins were identified. Gene ontology analysis was used to elucidate the biofunctions of DEW N-glycoproteins and compare them with those of CEW, which showed that the differences mostly involved molecular functions and biological processes. The biological functions of DEW N-glycoproteins were illuminated through bioinformatics analysis and comparison with CEW orthologues, which showed different allergenicities and antibacterial abilities. These divergences might be initiated by specific alterations in glycosylation, which can enhance the proteolysis resistance and protein steric hindrance. These results provide new insights for discovering the effects of N-glycosylation on biofunctions during the divergence of homologous proteins.


Assuntos
Galinhas/genética , Patos/genética , Proteínas do Ovo/química , Glicoproteínas/química , Animais , Evolução Biológica , Galinhas/metabolismo , Patos/metabolismo , Proteínas do Ovo/genética , Proteínas do Ovo/metabolismo , Clara de Ovo/química , Glicoproteínas/genética , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Glicosilação , Proteômica
2.
Cell Prolif ; 52(5): e12651, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297902

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It is essential to characterize underlying molecular mechanism associated with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and identify promising therapeutic targets. Herein, we explored role of homeobox transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) in HNSCC to regulate stanniocalcin-2 (STC2) by sponging microRNA-206 (miR-206). METHODS: HNSCC-related differentially expressed genes and regulation network amongst HOTAIR, miR-206 and STC2 were identified. Next, effect of HOTAIR on cell biological functions of HNSCC was identified after transfection of cells with HOTAIR overexpressed plasmids or siRNA against HOTAIR. PI3K/AKT signalling pathway-related gene expression was measured after miR-206 and STC2 were suppressed. Cell invasion, migration and proliferation were assessed. Finally, tumour growth was assessed to determine the effects of HOTAIR/miR-206/STC2 axis in vivo. RESULTS: HOTAIR specifically bound to miR-206 and miR-206 targeted STC2. Downregulated HOTAIR or upregulated miR-206 suppressed HNSCC cell proliferation, invasion and migration. miR-206 inhibited PI3K/AKT signalling pathway by down-regulating STC2. Besides, silenced HOTAIR or overexpressed miR-206 repressed the tumour growth of nude mice with HNSCC. CONCLUSION: HOTAIR regulated HNSCC cell biological functions by binding to miR-206 through STC2.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicoproteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Glicoproteínas/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , RNA Longo não Codificante/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(7): 662-665, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302906

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To screen for MYOC gene variants among sporadic patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). METHODS: For 398 patients with POAG, Sanger sequencing was applied to detect potential variants of the MYOC gene. RESULTS: Eight patients (2.0%) were found to harbor variations of the MYOC gene. These included five types of variants, among which c.667C>T (p.Pro223Ser) and c.1138G>T (p.Asp380Tyr) were novel. c.382C>T (p.Arg128Trp), c.1109C>T(p.Pro370Leu) and c.1130C>A (p.Thr377Lys) were previously associated with POAG. Alignment of amino acid sequences of MYOC proteins of various species revealed that the two novel variants have occurred at highly conserved positions. c.1138G>T was predicted to be possible pathogenic by Bioinformatic analysis. CONCLUSION: Two novel variants of the MYOC gene were detected among sporadic POAG patients, which enriched its variant spectrum.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteínas do Olho/genética , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/genética , Glicoproteínas/genética , Humanos , Mutação
4.
Vet Parasitol ; 271: 45-50, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303202

RESUMO

Cryptosporidium parvum is a protozoan parasite of the phylum Apicomplexa responsible for cryptosporidiosis in calves, a disease that causes significant diarrhea and impairs gain of body weight, generating important production losses. As to now, no effective drugs or vaccines are available for the treatment or prevention of bovine cryptosporidiosis. Several reports suggest that development of a vaccine to prevent cryptosporidiosis is feasible, but relatively few vaccine candidates have been characterized and tested. The most prominent C. parvum antigen is gp60, an O-glycosylated mucin-like protein tethered to the parasite membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Gp60 has been shown to be involved in essential mechanisms for the survival of C. parvum, such as recognition, adhesion to, and invasion of host cells. This work was aimed at expressing gp60 in Tetrahymena thermophila, a ciliated protozoon with numerous advantages for the heterologous expression of eukaryotic proteins, as a first approach for the development of a recombinant vaccine for bovine cryptosporidiosis. T. thermophila-expressed gp60 localized to the protozoon cell surface and oral apparatus, and partitioned into the Triton X-114 detergent phase. This indicates that the protein entered the reticuloendothelial system of the ciliate, and suggests it contains a GPI-anchor. Homogenates of gp60-expressing T. thermophila cells were recognized by sera from calves naturally infected with C. parvum demonstrating their immunoreactivity. In summary, the heterologous expression of gp60, a C. parvum-encoded GPI-anchored protein, has been successfully demonstrated in the ciliate T. thermophila.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Protozoários/genética , Antígenos de Protozoários/imunologia , Glicoproteínas/genética , Glicoproteínas/imunologia , Tetrahymena thermophila/genética , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle , Criptosporidiose/imunologia , Criptosporidiose/prevenção & controle , Cryptosporidium parvum/genética , Vacinas Sintéticas/sangue , Vacinas Sintéticas/genética
5.
Parasitol Res ; 118(7): 2079-2086, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187226

RESUMO

Cryptosporidiosis of calves is caused by the enteroprotozoan Cryptosporidium spp. The disease results in intense diarrhea of calves associated with substantial economic losses in dairy farming worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine calf, herd, and within-herd Cryptosporidium prevalence and identify Cryptosporidium species and subtypes in calves with diarrhea in intensive dairy herds in central Argentina. A total of 1073 fecal samples were collected from 54 randomly selected dairy herds. Cryptosporidium-oocysts were isolated and concentrated from fecal samples using formol-ether and detected by light microscopy with the modified Ziehl-Neelsen technique. Overall prevalence of oocyst-excreting calves was found to be 25.5% (274/1073) (95% C.I. 22.9; 28.1%). Of the herds studied, 89% (48/54) included at least one infected calf, whereas within-herd prevalence ranged from the absence of infection to 57% (20/35). A highly significant association was found between the presence of diarrhea and C. parvum infection (χ2 = 55.89, p < 0.001). For species determination, genomic DNA isolated from oocyst-positive fecal samples was subjected to PCR-RFLP of the 18S rRNA gene resulting exclusively in Cryptosporidium parvum identification. C. parvum isolates of calves displaying diarrhea and high rate of excretion of oocysts were subtyped by PCR amplification and direct sequencing of the 60 kDa glycoprotein (GP60) gene. Altogether five GP60 subtypes, designated IIaA18G1R1, IIaA20G1R1, IIaA21G1R1, IIaA22G1R1, and IIaA24G1R1 were identified. Interestingly, IIaA18G1R1 and IIaA20G1R1 were predominant in calves with diarrhea and high infection intensity. Notably, IIaA24G1R1 represents a novel, previously unrecognized C. parvum subtype. The subtype IIaA18G1R1, frequently found in this study, is strongly implicated in zoonotic transmission. These results suggest that calves might be an important source for human cryptosporidiosis in Argentina.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Criptosporidiose/epidemiologia , Cryptosporidium parvum/classificação , Cryptosporidium/classificação , Diarreia/veterinária , Animais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia , Criptosporidiose/parasitologia , Criptosporidiose/transmissão , Cryptosporidium/genética , Cryptosporidium/isolamento & purificação , Cryptosporidium parvum/genética , Cryptosporidium parvum/isolamento & purificação , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/parasitologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Glicoproteínas/genética , Humanos , Oocistos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Prevalência , Zoonoses
6.
Vet Microbiol ; 233: 113-117, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176396

RESUMO

Bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV) causes an acute febrile disease in cattle and water buffalo. The disease has an impact on dairy and beef production in tropical and subtropical countries. Vaccination is used for disease prevention and control. In this study, we developed a recombinant lentivirus to produce mammalian stable cells expressing histidine-tagged BEFV G protein with a deleted transmembrane domain (GΔTM) as a secretory protein. In addition, guinea pigs were immunised with the purified GΔTM protein and booster immunised at a 3-week interval. The mammalian stable cells were able to continuously produce GΔTM protein for a minimum of 25 passages. All of the mammalian stable cells expressing GΔTM protein could react specifically with a BEFV convalescent bovine serum. Serum samples from the immunised guinea pigs could react strongly and specifically with the purified GΔTM protein. Moreover, post-immunised guinea pig sera contained antibodies that could neutralise BEFV. These results indicate that the G protein without a transmembrane domain can be used as a subunit vaccine for the prevention and control of BEFV. The availability of the mammalian stable cells, which constitutively express GΔTM protein, could facilitate the potential use of the secretory protein for BEFV diagnosis and vaccine development.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Febre Efêmera/prevenção & controle , Glicoproteínas/genética , Glicoproteínas/imunologia , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Proteínas Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Bovinos , Linhagem Celular , Febre Efêmera/imunologia , Vírus da Febre Efêmera Bovina , Feminino , Cobaias , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Transfecção , Vacinação , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
7.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 181(2): 103-119, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200363

RESUMO

Context: Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) is a rare condition caused by GnRH deficiency. Several genes have been associated with the pathogenesis of CHH, but most cases still remain without a molecular diagnosis. The advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has allowed the simultaneous genotyping of several regions, faster, making possible the extension of the genetic knowledge of CHH. Objective: Genetic characterization of a large cohort of Brazilian CHH patients. Design and patients: A cohort of 130 unrelated patients (91 males, 39 females) with CHH (75 normosmic CHH, 55 Kallmann syndrome) was studied using a panel containing 36 CHH-associated genes. Results: Potential pathogenic or probably pathogenic variants were identified in 43 (33%) CHH patients. The genes ANOS1, FGFR1 and GNRHR were the most frequently affected. A novel homozygous splice site mutation was identified in the GNRH1 gene and a deletion of the entire coding sequence was identified in SOX10. Deleterious variants in the IGSF10 gene were identified in two patients with reversible normosmic CHH. Notably, 6.9% of the patients had rare variants in more than one gene. Rare variants were also identified in SPRY4, IL17RD, FGF17, IGSF1 and FLRT3 genes. Conclusions: This is a large study of the molecular genetics of CHH providing new genetic findings for this complex and heterogeneous genetic condition. NGS has been shown to be a fast, reliable and effective tool in the molecular diagnosis of congenital CHH and being able to targeting clinical genetic testing in the future.


Assuntos
Hipogonadismo/congênito , Hipogonadismo/genética , Mutação , Adulto , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Brasil/epidemiologia , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Testes Genéticos , Glicoproteínas/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Hipogonadismo/diagnóstico , Hipogonadismo/epidemiologia , Imunoglobulinas/genética , Síndrome de Kallmann/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Kallmann/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Kallmann/genética , Fator de Transcrição MSX1/genética , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Otx/genética , Linhagem , Receptores de Grelina/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas/genética , Adulto Jovem
8.
Mol Cell ; 74(3): 598-608.e6, 2019 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31051140

RESUMO

RNA flow between organisms has been documented within and among different kingdoms of life. Recently, we demonstrated horizontal RNA transfer between honeybees involving secretion and ingestion of worker and royal jellies. However, how the jelly facilitates transfer of RNA is still unknown. Here, we show that worker and royal jellies harbor robust RNA-binding activity. We report that a highly abundant jelly component, major royal jelly protein 3 (MRJP-3), acts as an extracellular non-sequence-specific RNA-aggregating factor. Multivalent RNA binding stimulates higher-order assembly of MRJP-3 into extracellular ribonucleoprotein granules that protect RNA from degradation and enhance RNA bioavailability. These findings reveal that honeybees have evolved a secreted dietary RNA-binding factor to concentrate, stabilize, and share RNA among individuals. Our work identifies high-order ribonucleoprotein assemblies with functions outside cells and organisms.


Assuntos
Abelhas/genética , Ácidos Graxos/genética , Transferência Genética Horizontal/genética , Glicoproteínas/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Animais , Ácidos Graxos/biossíntese , Transição de Fase , RNA/genética , Transporte de RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
9.
Life Sci ; 231: 116459, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075234

RESUMO

AIM: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most prevalent types of cancer worldwide with unfavorable patient outcomes and relatively low survival rates. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to participate in the progression of HNSCC. The present study aimed to investigate the functional mechanism of lncRNA LINC00460 in HNSCC by mediating microRNA-206 (miR-206)/stanniocalcin-2 (STC2) axis. METHODS: The interactions among miR-206, LINC00460 and STC2 were identified, and the expression of LINC00460, miR-206 and STC2 in tissues and cells was determined. Gain- and loss-of function experiments were conducted to analyze effects of LINC00460, miR-206 and STC2 on the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, autophagy-related proteins, and the extents of AKT, ERK phosphorylation. Cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and the production of autophagosomes after transfection were evaluated to further explore the role of LINC00460/miR-206/STC2 axis in HNSCC. RESULTS: LINC00460 and STC2 were highly expressed while miR-206 was poorly expressed in HNSCC. Besides, miR-206 was found to bind to both LINC00460 and STC2. After the transfection of HNSCC cells with miR-206 mimic or si-LINC00460, the expression of STC2, AKT, ERK, as well as the extent of AKT, ERK phosphorylation all decreased, which facilitated the apoptosis and autophagy of HNSCC cells. CONCLUSION: Collectively, the apoptosis and autophagy of HNSCC can be facilitated by downregulating LINC00460, which highlights a novel target in the treatment of HNSCC.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apoptose/genética , Autofagia/fisiologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Carcinogênese , Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Feminino , Glicoproteínas/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transdução de Sinais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Ativação Transcricional , Regulação para Cima
10.
Arch Virol ; 164(7): 1781-1791, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079214

RESUMO

Introduction of animal group A rotavirus (RVA) gene segments into the human RVA population is a major factor shaping the genetic landscape of human RVA strains. The VP6 and NSP4 genes of 74 G/P-genotyped RVA isolates collected in Rawalpindi during 2010 were analyzed, revealing the presence of VP6 genotypes I1 (60.8%) and I2 (39.2%) and NSP4 genotypes E1 (60.8%), E2 (28.3%) and E-untypable (10.8%) among the circulating human RVA strains. The typical human RVA combinations I1E1 and I2E2 were found in 59.4% and 24.3% of the cases, respectively, whereas 5.4% of the RVA strains were reassortants, i.e., either I1E2 or I2E1. The phylogeny of the NSP4 gene showed that one G2P[4] and two G1P[6] RVA strains clustered with porcine E1 RVA strains or RVA strains that were considered to be (partially) of porcine origin. In addition, the NSP4 gene segment of the unusual human G6P[1] RVA strains clustered closely with bovine E2 RVA strains, further strengthening the hypothesis of an interspecies transmission event. The study further demonstrates the role of genomic re-assortment and the involvement of interspecies transmission in the evolution of human RVA strains. The VP6 and NSP4 nucleotide sequences analyzed in the study received the GenBank accession numbers KC846908- KC846971 and KC846972-KC847037, respectively.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/genética , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Glicoproteínas/genética , Infecções por Rotavirus/transmissão , Rotavirus/genética , Rotavirus/isolamento & purificação , Toxinas Biológicas/genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Bovinos , Pré-Escolar , Gastroenterite/virologia , Genoma Viral/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Paquistão , Filogenia , Infecções por Rotavirus/virologia , Alinhamento de Sequência , Suínos , Zoonoses/virologia
11.
Mol Vis ; 25: 222-236, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31057322

RESUMO

Purpose: Glaucoma is characterized by optic nerve damage and retinal ganglion cell loss. The glycoprotein neuromedin B-associated (Gpnmb) gene is well-known to be involved in the glaucoma disease process. The purpose of this study is to identify a downstream gene through which Gpnmb affects the glaucoma phenotypes using a systems genetics approach. Methods: Retinal gene expression data for the BXD recombinant inbred (RI) strains (n=75) have previously been generated in our laboratory for a glaucoma study, and these data were used for genetic and bioinformatics analysis. Expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) mapping and genetic correlation methods were used to identify a gene downstream of Gpnmb. Gene-set enrichment analysis was used to evaluate gene function and to construct coexpression networks. Results: The level of Gpnmb expression is associated with a highly statistically significant cis-eQTL. Stanniocalcin 1 (Stc1) has a significant trans-eQTL mapping to the Gpnmb locus. The expression of Gpnmb and Stc1 is highly correlated in the retina and other tissues, as well as with glaucoma-related phenotypes. Gene Ontology and pathway analysis showed that Stc1 and its covariates are highly associated with apoptosis, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial activity. A generated gene network indicated that Gpnmb and Stc1 are directly connected to and interact with other genes with similar biologic functions. Conclusions: These results suggest that Stc1 may be a downstream candidate of Gpnmb, and that both genes interact with other genes in a network to develop glaucoma pathogenesis through mechanisms such as apoptosis and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Olho/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Glaucoma/genética , Glicoproteínas/genética , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Animais , Apoptose , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas do Olho/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Glaucoma/metabolismo , Glaucoma/patologia , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Humanos , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Estresse Oxidativo , Fenótipo , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Transdução de Sinais
12.
Microb Pathog ; 132: 243-253, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075428

RESUMO

Ebola virus (EBOV), a non-segmented single-stranded RNA virus, is often-most transmitted through body fluids like sweat, tears, saliva, and nasal secretions. Till date, there is no licensed vaccine of EBOV is available in the market; however, the world is increasingly vulnerable to this emerging threat. Hence, it is the need of time to develop a vaccine for EBOV to hinder its dissemination. The current study has been designed for identification and characterization of the potential B and T-cell epitopes using the Immuno-informatics tools, and it helped in finding the potent vaccine candidates against EBOV. Prediction, antigenicity and allergenicity testing of predicted B and T cells' epitopes was done as well to identify their potential as a vaccine candidate and to measure their safety level respectively. Among B-cell epitopes "WIPAGIGVTGVIIA" showed a high antigenicity score and it would play an important role in evoking the immune response. In T-cell epitopes, peptides "AIGLAWIPY" and "IRGFPRCRY" presented high antigenicity score, which binds to MHC class-I and MHC class-II alleles respectively. All predicted epitopes were analyzed and compared with already reported peptides carefully. Comparatively, Peptides predicted in the present study showed more immunogenicity score than already reported peptides, used as positive control, and are more immunogenic as compared to them. Peptides reported in the present study do not target only Zaire EBOV (ZEBOV), as in previous studies, but also other species, i.e. Tai Forest EBOV (TAFV), Sudan EBOV (SUDV), Bundibugyo EBOV (BDBV), and Reston EBOV (RESTV) and would bring the promising results as potent vaccine candidates.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Ebola/imunologia , Ebolavirus/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito B/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito T/imunologia , Glicoproteínas/imunologia , Alelos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Vacinas contra Ebola/genética , Ebolavirus/genética , Genes MHC Classe I , Genes MHC da Classe II , Glicoproteínas/química , Glicoproteínas/genética , Antígeno HLA-B7 , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
13.
Vet Microbiol ; 232: 79-83, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030849

RESUMO

Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) envelope glycoprotein Erns has been shown to bind to cell surface sulphated-heparin-like glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), which participate in cell attachment of the virus. In this study, the CSFV Erns gene was codon optimized for expression in the yeast Pichia pastoris. A C-terminally truncated Erns recombinant protein lacking the previously identified heparin-binding domain (HBD) bound to heparin column, suggesting the presence of another HBD in CSFV Erns. Sequence analyses of the CSFV Erns coding region revealed a common potential N-terminal HBD at residues 301-311. Site-directed mutagenesis of the basic amino acids at K303 and K306 significantly reduced the heparin-binding affinity of the protein. Further mutations of both T310 and H311 had little effect. Thus, a novel potential heparin-binding site near the N-terminus of CSFV strain TD96 Erns has been detected, and the two basic amino acids K303 and K306 are crucial for binding activity to heparin matrix and cell-surface GAGs.


Assuntos
Vírus da Febre Suína Clássica/química , Glicoproteínas/química , Heparina/metabolismo , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/química , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Vírus da Febre Suína Clássica/genética , Glicoproteínas/genética , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Mutação , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Pichia/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética
14.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(4): e0007309, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986220

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The agents of paracoccidioidomycosis, historically identified as Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, are in fact different phylogenetic species. This study aims to evaluate associations between Paracoccidioides phylogenetic species and corresponding clinical data. METHODS: Paracoccidioides strains from INI/Fiocruz patients (1998-2016) were recovered. Socio-demographic, epidemiological, clinical, serological, therapeutic and prognostic data of the patients were collected to evaluate possible associations of these variables with the fungal species identified through partial sequencing of the ADP-ribosylation factor (arf) and the 43-kDa-glycoprotein (gp43) genes. RESULTS: Fifty-four fungal strains were recovered from 47 patients, most (72.3%) infected in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. Forty-one cases were caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and six by Paracoccidioides americana (former PS2). P. brasiliensis was responsible for severe lymph abdominal forms, whereas patients infected with P. americana presented a high rate of adrenal involvement. However, no statistically significant associations were found for all variables studied. P. americana presented 100% reactivity to immunodiffusion, even when tested against antigens from other species, while negative results were observed in 9 (20%) cases caused by P. brasiliensis, despite being tested against a homologous antigen. CONCLUSIONS: P. brasiliensis and P. americana are sympatric and share similar clinical features and habitat, where they may compete for similar hosts.


Assuntos
Patrimônio Genético , Paracoccidioides/classificação , Paracoccidioides/genética , Paracoccidioidomicose/microbiologia , Paracoccidioidomicose/patologia , Simpatria , Fatores de Ribosilação do ADP/genética , Adulto , Antígenos de Fungos/genética , Brasil , Feminino , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Glicoproteínas/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paracoccidioides/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 89: 516-524, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986537

RESUMO

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) leads to serious disease and economic losses in the salmonid aquaculture industry. The present study aimed to develop an effective and efficient vaccine to protect rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) against IHNV infection. Administered via the immersion route, a live vector vaccine containing the regions of the IHNV glycoprotein (G) induced immune responses in rainbow trout. Use of the immersion route induced more-efficient mucosal immunity than intramuscular injection vaccination. IHNV G gene expression was detected in the spleens of rainbow trout at 3, 7 and 15 days post-vaccination (dpv). The G gene expression continuously decreased between 3 and 15 dpv. In addition, the expression of TLR-3, TLR-7 and TLR-8 was upregulated after vaccination, and the highest expression levels of IFN-1, Mx-1, Mx-3, Vig-1 and Vig-2 were observed at 3 dpv. Four markers of the adaptive immune response (CD4, CD8, IgM and IgT) gradually increased. When experimental fish were challenged with IHNV by immersion, significant differences in cumulative percentage mortality were observed in the vaccinated fish and the unvaccinated (empty-plasmid-vaccinated) fish. The relative survival rate was 92% and 6% in the vaccinated group and empty-plasmid group, respectively. Serum antibody levels gradually increased in the vaccinated fish, unlike in the unvaccinated fish, after 7 dpv. Our results suggest there was a significant increase in fish immune responses and resistance to infection with IHNV following administration of the live vector vaccine. Therefore, this live vector vaccine is a promising vaccine that may be utilized to protect rainbow trout against IHNV.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa , Doenças dos Peixes/prevenção & controle , Vírus da Necrose Hematopoética Infecciosa/fisiologia , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Glicoproteínas/genética , Glicoproteínas/imunologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/prevenção & controle , Baço/imunologia , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia , Proteínas Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/imunologia
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(8)2019 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010077

RESUMO

Purple acid phosphatase (PAP) encoding genes are a multigene family. PAPs require iron (Fe) to exert their functions that are involved in diverse biological roles including Fe homeostasis. However, the possible roles of PAPs in response to excess Fe remain unknown. In this study, we attempted to understand the regulation of PAPs by excess Fe in tea plant (Camellia sinensis). A genome-wide investigation of PAP encoding genes identified 19 CsPAP members based on the conserved motifs. The phylogenetic analysis showed that PAPs could be clustered into four groups, of which group II contained two specific cysteine-containing motifs "GGECGV" and "YERTC". To explore the expression patterns of CsPAP genes in response to excessive Fe supply, RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analyses were performed to compare their transcript abundances between tea plants that are grown under normal and high iron conditions, respectively. 17 members were shown to be transcribed in both roots and leaves. When supplied with a high amount of iron, the expression levels of four genes were significantly changed. Of which, CsPAP15a, CsPAP23 and CsPAP27c were shown as downregulated, while the highly expressed CsPAP10a was upregulated. Moreover, CsPAP23 was found to be alternatively spliced, suggesting its post-transcriptional regulation. The present work implicates that some CsPAP genes could be associated with the responses of tea plants to the iron regime, which may offer a new direction towards a further understanding of iron homeostasis and provide the potential approaches for crop improvement in terms of iron biofortification.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Ácida/genética , Camellia sinensis/enzimologia , Glicoproteínas/genética , Ferro/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Fosfatase Ácida/classificação , Fosfatase Ácida/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Camellia sinensis/genética , Genes de Plantas , Glicoproteínas/classificação , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Folhas de Planta/enzimologia , Folhas de Planta/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/classificação , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/enzimologia , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Processamento de RNA , Alinhamento de Sequência , Transcriptoma
17.
Oncol Rep ; 41(6): 3270-3280, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002347

RESUMO

Leucine­rich­alpha­2­glycoprotein 1 (LRG­1) has been reported to be associated with multiple malignancies. However, its participation in thyroid carcinoma progression remains unclear. In the present study, the biological function and underlying molecular mechanisms of LRG­1 in thyroid carcinoma were investigated. It was found that LRG­1 was overexpressed in thyroid carcinoma tissues, and high LRG­1 expression predicted poor patient survival and late tumor stage. As shown in the mouse xenograft study, knockdown of LRG­1 significantly attenuated thyroid cancer growth in vivo. Based on wound healing, Transwell, proliferation and apoptosis assays, it was found that the knockdown of LRG­1, using shLRG­1, inhibited cell migration and invasion, but did not affect proliferation and apoptosis in thyroid cancer cells. Furthermore, LRG­1 also induced epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT) in thyroid carcinoma cells. Western blot analysis revealed that this tumor­promoting bioactivity of LRG­1 was attributed to its selective activation of MAPK/p38 signaling. All of these findings indicate that LRG­1 plays a deleterious role in the progression of thyroid carcinoma. LRG­1 may serve as a promising biomarker for predicting prognosis in thyroid carcinoma patients, and LRG­1­based therapy may be developed into a novel strategy for the treatment of thyroid carcinoma.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Glicoproteínas/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glicoproteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Adulto Jovem , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética
18.
Virol J ; 16(1): 31, 2019 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30845963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV), a fish rhabdovirus belonging to the Novirhabdovirus genus, causes severe disease and mortality in many marine and freshwater fish species worldwide. VHSV isolates are classified into four genotypes and each group is endemic to specific geographic regions in the north Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Most viruses in the European VHSV genotype Ia are highly virulent for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), whereas, VHSV genotype IVb viruses from the Great Lakes region in the United States, which caused high mortality in wild freshwater fish species, are avirulent for trout. This study describes molecular characterization and construction of an infectious clone of the virulent VHSV-Ia strain DK-3592B from Denmark, and application of the clone in reverse genetics to investigate the role of selected VHSV protein(s) in host-specific virulence in rainbow trout (referred to as trout-virulence). METHODS: Overlapping cDNA fragments of the DK-3592B genome were cloned after RT-PCR amplification, and their DNA sequenced by the di-deoxy chain termination method. A full-length cDNA copy (pVHSVdk) of the DK-3592B strain genome was constructed by assembling six overlapping cDNA fragments by using natural or artificially created unique restriction sites in the overlapping regions of the clones. Using an existing clone of the trout-avirulent VHSV-IVb strain MI03 (pVHSVmi), eight chimeric VHSV clones were constructed in which the coding region(s) of the glycoprotein (G), non-virion protein (NV), G and NV, or G, NV and L (polymerase) genes together, were exchanged between the two clones. Ten recombinant VHSVs (rVHSVs) were generated, including two parental rVHSVs, by transfecting fish cells with ten individual full-length plasmid constructs along with supporting plasmids using the established protocol. Recovered rVHSVs were characterized for viability and growth in vitro and used to challenge groups of juvenile rainbow trout by intraperitoneal injection. RESULTS: Complete sequence of the VHSV DK-3592B genome was determined from the cloned cDNA and deposited in GenBank under the accession no. KC778774. The trout-virulent DK-3592B genome (genotype Ia) is 11,159 nt in length and differs from the trout-avirulent MI03 genome (pVHSVmi) by 13% at the nucleotide level. When the rVHSVs were assessed for the trout-virulence phenotype in vivo, the parental rVHSVdk and rVHSVmi were virulent and avirulent, respectively, as expected. Four chimeric rVHSVdk viruses with the substitutions of the G, NV, G and NV, or G, NV and L genes from the avirulent pVHSVmi constructs were still highly virulent (100% mortality), while the reciprocal four chimeric rVHSVmi viruses with genes from pVHSVdk remained avirulent (0-10% mortality). CONCLUSIONS: When chimeric rVHSVs, containing all the G, NV, and L gene substitutions, were tested in vivo, they did not exhibit any change in trout-virulence relative to the background clones. These results demonstrate that the G, NV and L genes of VHSV are not, by themselves or in combination, major determinants of host-specific virulence in trout.


Assuntos
RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/genética , Glicoproteínas/genética , Septicemia Hemorrágica Viral/patologia , Novirhabdovirus/enzimologia , Novirhabdovirus/patogenicidade , Oncorhynchus mykiss/virologia , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , DNA Complementar , Genoma Viral , Genótipo , Especificidade de Hospedeiro/genética , Novirhabdovirus/genética , Fenótipo , Genética Reversa , Virulência
19.
Plant Mol Biol ; 100(1-2): 151-161, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30840202

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Rice leucine-rich repeat extensin-like protein OsPEX1 mediates the intersection of lignin deposition and plant growth. Lignin, a major structural component of secondary cell wall, is essential for normal plant growth and development. However, the molecular and genetic regulation of lignin biosynthesis is not fully understood in rice. Here we report the identification and characterization of a rice semi-dominant dwarf mutant (pex1) with stiff culm. Molecular and genetic analyses revealed that the pex1 phenotype was caused by ectopic expression of a leucine-rich repeat extension-like gene, OsPEX1. Interestingly, the pex1 mutant showed significantly higher lignin content and increased expression levels of lignin-related genes compared with wild type plants. Conversely, OsPEX1-suppresssed transgenics displayed low lignin content and reduced transcriptional abundance of genes associated with lignin biosynthesis, indicating that the OsPEX1 mediates lignin biosynthesis and/or deposition in rice. When OsPEX1 was ectopically expressed in rice cultivars with tall stature that lacks the allele of semi-dwarf 1, well-known green revolution gene, the resulting transgenic plants displayed reduced height and enhanced lodging resistance. Our study uncovers a causative effect between the expression of OsPEX1 and lignin deposition. Lastly, we demonstrated that modulating OsPEX1 expression could provide a tool for improving rice lodging resistance.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Lignina/biossíntese , Oryza/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Glicoproteínas/genética , Mutação/genética , Oryza/genética , Oryza/fisiologia , Fenótipo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Caules de Planta/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
20.
Viruses ; 11(3)2019 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30836694

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that wild-type (wt) rabies virus (RABV) evades the host immune response by restricting expression of glycoprotein (G), which blocks activation of dendritic cells (DCs) and induces production of virus-neutralizing antibodies (VNAs). In the present study, wt RABVs not only restricted G expression but also reduced incorporation of G into mature virions compared with laboratory-adapted viruses. A recombinant RABV expressing triple G was used to further determine whether G expression relates to incorporation. The recombinant virus showed higher expression and incorporation of G and activated more DCs than the virus that expressed a single copy of G. Removal of G from viruses using subtilisin or Dithiothreitol (DTT)/ Nonidet P-40 (NP40) almost completely abolishes DC activation and VNA production. Consequently, these G-depleted viruses cause lethal infection in mice. Thus, wt RABVs can subvert DC-induced antiviral immune response and maintain pathogenicity by decreasing G expression in infected cells and G incorporation into virions.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Glicoproteínas/imunologia , Evasão da Resposta Imune , Vírus da Raiva/imunologia , Vírus da Raiva/patogenicidade , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glicoproteínas/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Vírus da Raiva/genética , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética , Vírion , Ativação Viral
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA