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1.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 42(11): 826-831, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694092

RESUMO

Objectives: Long-term use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) was reported as a risk factor for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicated with nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTM-LD). But it was not reported often in China. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients who were diagnosed with COPD and NTM-LD in our department from January 1(st) 2017 to December 31(th) 2018. Results: This study consisted of 10 male and 5 female patients with a mean age of (66±7) years. The detailed clinical data and radiological images were reviewed systemically. There were 4 current smokers (26.7%) and 6 past smokers (40%). All cases were current ICS users, with a mean duration of (27.3±9.7) months, ranging from 3 months to 61 months. Among them, 8 cases (53.3%) used inhaled fluticasone and 7 cases (46.7%) used inhaled budesonide. Aggravated coughing (15 cases, 100%), expectoration (15 cases, 100%) and dyspnea (10 cases, 66.7%) were the common clinical manifestations, although fever was only reported in 4 cases (26.7%). All cases showed normal white blood cell count and lymphocyte count, and some of them (7 cases, 46.7%) showed elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein. Most of them (14 cases, 93.3%) had normal TB-SPOT results. Multiple focal bronchiectasis (9 cases, 60%) and significant emphysema (12 cases, 80%) were the common manifestations of basic high-resolution CT (HRCT) prior NTM infection. The occurrence of bronchiectasis (15 cases, 100%), "tree in bud" sign (12 cases, 80%) and tiny cavities (8 cases, 53.3%) were the common HRCT abnormalities for the NTM-LD cases. According to the 2007's NTM-LD diagnosis criteria, most of them (13 cases, 86.7%) were diagnosed with positive sputum samples at least twice, and 2 cases were diagnosed with positive CT-directed bronchial alveolar lavage fluid. NTM-PCR analysis was performed routinely for the isolated NTM samples to identify the NTM species. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) was the most common NTM species (8 cases, 53.3%). After treatment with proposed anti-NTM strategies, most cases improved (9 cases, 60%), and some of them (4 cases, 26.7%) were cured and a few cases (2 cases, 13.3%) relapsed. Conclusions: When COPD patients treated with ICS showed aggravated cough, expectation and/or dyspnea, and new occurrence of bronchiectasis and/or "tree in bud" sign in the recent HRCT, the differential diagnosis of NTM-LD should be considered. Respiratory samples should be arranged for NTM cultures and PCR analysis as soon as possible. Earlier antimicrobial strategies according to the identified NTM species would improve the clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Micobactéria não Tuberculosa/complicações , Infecções por Micobactéria não Tuberculosa/microbiologia , Micobactérias não Tuberculosas/isolamento & purificação , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos do Sistema Respiratório/administração & dosagem , Administração por Inalação , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Micobactéria não Tuberculosa/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Sistema Respiratório/microbiologia , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , Fármacos do Sistema Respiratório/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17194, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study will systematically investigate the efficacy and safety of methylprednisolone for treatment of persistent vertigo (PV). METHODS: All following electronic databases will be searched from inception to the June 30, 2019 without language restrictions: MEDILINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database. All randomized controlled trials focusing on assessing the efficacy and safety of methylprednisolone for patients with PV will be fully considered for inclusion. Cochrane risk of bias tool will be used for assessing methodological quality, and RevMan 5.3 software (Cochrane Community, London, UK) will be utilized for statistical analysis. RESULTS: This study will assess the efficacy and safety of methylprednisolone for PV via assessing primary outcome of vertigo, and secondary outcomes of somatization, depression, anxiety, health-related quality of life, and adverse events. CONCLUSION: This study will provide a high-quality evidence to judge whether methylprednisolone is an effective and safety therapy for patients with PV. DISSEMINATION AND ETHICS: No individual data will be utilized in this study, thus, it does not need ethical approval. The results of this study will be published at peer-reviewed journals. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019138890.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Vertigem/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
An Bras Dermatol ; 94(4): 470-472, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644624

RESUMO

Paracoccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that occurs in immunocompetent patients and are classified into two forms: the acute-subacute form, predominantly in young patients, and the chronic adult form that may present classic ulcerated lesions to rare sarcoid ones. We present the case of a boy whose infection began with sarcoid lesions but, after being mistakenly diagnosed with cutaneous sarcoidosis and treated (for three years) with prednisone, developed painful ulcerations throughout the body. After the correct diagnosis, with evidence of the fungus in histopathological and mycological examinations, the patient was properly treated with itraconazole for eight months and evolved with total remission of the disease.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Paracoccidioidomicose/etiologia , Paracoccidioidomicose/patologia , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Itraconazol/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Paracoccidioidomicose/diagnóstico , Paracoccidioidomicose/tratamento farmacológico , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico , Sarcoidose/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Postepy Biochem ; 65(3): 227-230, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31643171

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are a group of diseases which concern an increasing number of patients and are more and more often recognized at a young age. Because of unknown etiology, IBD treatment involves mainly non-specific suppression of inflammatory condition and is based among others on steroids. Glucocorticosteroids display anti-inflammatory action by affecting the course of immune responses, but they also possess several side effects which manifest predominantly during a long-term therapy. These concern, among others the eye and manifest by impaired vision; if left untreated, can lead to blindness. The glucocorticosteroid induced cataract is one of the most common complications of treatment with glucocorticosteroids. In the absence of pharmacological options which have a protective effect, the glucocor­ticosteroid induced cataract is a major problem not only for patients but also clinicians and needs immediate solutions.


Assuntos
Catarata/induzido quimicamente , Catarata/complicações , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Catarata/prevenção & controle , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/imunologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/patologia
7.
Z Rheumatol ; 78(8): 775-788, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535201

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids (GC) have been proven drug substances in rheumatology for more than 70 years. They act very rapidly in high doses through membrane stabilizing effects. Genomic therapeutic effects of GC even in very low doses are mainly due to inhibition of the functions of the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NFkB), which promotes the synthesis of proinflammatory mediators, adhesion molecules and other regulatory proteins. Indications for the use of GC in high doses in rheumatology are always given when a life-threatening, dangerous or treatment-resistant situation is involved. Lower doses of GC, usually administered orally, are particularly used in rheumatoid arthritis, vasculitis and collagenosis. In clinical practice the general principle is to use the smallest possible effective dose of GC for the shortest possible time in order to achieve the therapeutic effect of GC without running the risk of unacceptably severe side effects.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Doenças Reumáticas , Reumatologia , Artrite Reumatoide , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Febre Reumática , Fatores de Transcrição
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17162, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517866

RESUMO

Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is a common comorbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the coexistence of COPD and temporomandibular disorder (TMD) has been clinically noted. The present study aimed to investigate whether VCF increases the risk of TMD in patients with COPD.With a follow-up period of 15 years, this retrospective, population-based longitudinal cohort study enrolled sex- and age-matched COPD patients with and without VCF (1:3) who were identified from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database from 2000 to 2015. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to determine the risk of TMD in COPD patients with and without VCF. The cumulative risk of TMD between groups was estimated using Kaplan-Meier analysis.The risk factors for TMD in patients with COPD were VCF, osteoporosis, and winter season. The COPD with VCF group was more likely to develop TMD (adjusted hazard ratio = 3.011, P < .001) than the COPD without VCF group after adjustment for sex, age, variables, and comorbidities. In the subgroup analysis, the COPD with VCF group had a higher risk of TMD than the COPD without VCF group in almost all stratifications.COPD patients with VCF are at a higher risk of developing TMD. Clinicians taking care of patients with COPD should be aware of the occurrence of TMD as a comorbidity.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Fraturas por Compressão/epidemiologia , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/complicações
9.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 25, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384340

RESUMO

Psychiatric side effects secondary to corticosteroids have been described for a long time. Some reactions are severe, occurring in approximately 5% of patients. These side effects are more difficult to evaluate when corticosteroids are assumed without medical supervision, practicing self-medication influenced by some cultural factors. We here report the case of a young woman with acute corticosteroid-induced psychotic episode. The patient had assumed corticosteroids in an attempt to gain weight. We here highlight the role of diagnostic tests and early management of patients as well as of an effective multidisciplinary strategy, in particular when cultural involvement of patients occurs, as in the case of our patient.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Psicoses Induzidas por Substâncias/etiologia , Automedicação/efeitos adversos , Cultura , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Psicoses Induzidas por Substâncias/diagnóstico , Automedicação/métodos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16682, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393368

RESUMO

Some patients have poor response to adult-onset Still disease (AOSD) traditional treatment, which easily recurs during the reduction of prednisone. We observed the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab combined with methotrexate (MTX) in the treatment of refractory AOSD, and to explore the possibility of reducing the dosage of tocilizumab after disease control.A total of 28 refractory AOSD cases who had an inadequate response to corticosteroids combined with at least 1 traditional immunosuppressive agent, and even large-dose prednisone could not relieve their conditions after recurrence, were selected in this study. They were treated with tocilizumab (intravenous 8 mg/kg) combined with MTX (oral 12.5 mg once a week). In detail, tocilizumab was firstly given every 4 weeks and after 6-month remission, it was then given every 8 weeks. Some items including body temperature, skin rash, joint swelling and pain, hepatosplenomegaly, blood routine, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), serum ferritin, and dosage of prednisone were observed before treatment as well as 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 36, and 48 weeks after treatment. The adverse reactions occurring during the treatment were recorded.The body temperature was normal, the skin rash as well as joint swelling and pain disappeared, and laboratory indexes including CRP, ESR, white blood cell, neutrophilic granulocyte, platelet, hemoglobin, and ferritin were significantly improved after 8-week treatment (all P < .05). The clinical symptoms and laboratory indexes above mentioned were continuously improved 12, 24, 36, and 48 weeks after treatment. The mean dosage of prednisone was reduced from 71.4 ±â€Š20.7 mg/day to 55.0 ±â€Š11.1 mg/day after 2-week treatment, and to 3.3 ±â€Š2.1 mg/day after 48-week treatment (all P < .05). Prednisone was discontinued in 5 cases after 36-week treatment and in 7 cases after 48-week treatment. No serious adverse reactions occurred during the treatment.Tocilizumab can rapidly and markedly improve the clinical symptoms and laboratory indexes and contribute to reduction and discontinuation of prednisone in refractory AOSD. The patients' conditions are stable after reduction or discontinuation of prednisone and the tocilizumab possesses good safety.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/farmacologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16811, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415396

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are associated with cytotoxicity and obesity. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of high-proportion medium chain triglyceride (MCT) on body fat distribution and levels of leptin and adiponectin during chemotherapy of children with ALL.New-onset ALL children treated at the Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center between March 2016 and March 2017 were enrolled. Children were divided into the MCT and control groups. For the MCT group, high-proportion MCT nutrition preparation was added to the diet, while no MCT was added for the control group. The MCT group was further divided into subgroups A and B based on the amount of supplement. Waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, bone marrow concentrations of leptin and adiponectin, and leptin-to-adiponectin ratio were measured before and on days 19 and 46 of chemotherapy. Body weight and body mass index (BMI) were measured on admission and discharge.Waist circumference in the control group increased by day 46 (P = .047), but did not change in the MCT group. The BMI of the children in the control group was higher than those in the MCT group on admission (P = .003), but not different at discharge. No significant differences in hip circumference, leptin levels, adiponectin levels, and body weight were observed between the 2 groups.This preliminary study suggests that short-term supplementation of high-proportion MCT nutrition preparation may help reduce the centripetal distribution of adipose induced by the application of glucocorticoids in children with ALL. This will have to be confirmed in future studies.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Adiposidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/fisiopatologia , Triglicerídeos/farmacologia , Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Obesidade/induzido quimicamente , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/sangue , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Circunferência da Cintura
12.
Cornea ; 38(8): 955-958, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276459

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features, risk factors, and treatment outcomes after supratarsal injection of triamcinolone for vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients treated with supratarsal triamcinolone for VKC between February 2002 and May 2017 at the Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital and Our Lady's Children Hospital Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland, was performed. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients, 46 eyes, and 145 injections were included for analysis. The mean age at first injection was 9.1 ± 5.7 years. Ninety-six percent of the patients were male. A seasonal variation was noted, with 59 injections (41%) of triamcinolone administered for acute and refractive cases of VKC in the summer compared with 35 (24%), 35 (24%), and 16 (11%) in the spring, autumn, and winter months, respectively. The most common presenting complaint was red eye, which was seen in all cases. Hay fever (64%) was the most common associated systemic disease. Each eye required, on average, 3.2 injections (range 1-9 injections), and the mean duration from the onset of symptoms to final treatment was 3.03 years (range 0-7.9 years). The mean presenting and final visual acuities were 0.33 and 0.11 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, respectively (P < 0.0001). During our study period, no patient experienced intraocular pressure rise requiring treatment, development of lenticular opacity, or ptosis after supratarsal injection of triamcinolone. CONCLUSIONS: In this case series, supratarsal triamcinolone was used in cases of VKC in which topical medications had failed to control the disease process. All patients reported improvement after treatment. There were no cases of intraocular pressure rise, lenticular opacity, or ptosis development after treatment.


Assuntos
Conjuntivite Alérgica/tratamento farmacológico , Pálpebras/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Triancinolona Acetonida/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Conjuntivite Alérgica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lactente , Injeções , Irlanda , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Triancinolona Acetonida/efeitos adversos , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Am J Vet Res ; 80(8): 743-755, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinicopathologic, hemodynamic, and echocardiographic effects of short-term administration of anti-inflammatory dosages of prednisolone to systemically normal cats. ANIMALS: 10 cats with allergic dermatitis and 10 healthy control cats. PROCEDURES: Cats with allergic dermatitis were randomly allocated to 2 groups and received 2 dosages of prednisolone (1 and 2 mg/kg/d, PO, for 7 days) in a crossover design followed by 9-day tapering and 14-day washout periods. Each prednisolone-treated cat was matched to a healthy control cat on the basis of sex, neuter status, age (± 1 year), and body weight (± 10%). Control cats received no treatment during the 35-day observation period. Clinicopathologic, echocardiographic, and hemodynamic variables were measured at baseline (day 0) and predetermined times during and after prednisolone administration and compared within and between the 2 treatment groups. RESULTS: Prednisolone-treated cats had expected clinicopathologic alterations (mild increases in neutrophil and monocyte counts and serum concentrations of albumin, cholesterol, and triglycerides) but systolic arterial blood pressure; blood glucose, serum potassium, and cardiac biomarker concentrations; urinary sodium excretion; and echocardiographic variables did not differ significantly from baseline at any time. Statistically significant, albeit clinically irrelevant, increases in blood glucose and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations were observed between baseline and the prednisolone pharmacokinetic steady state (7 days after initiation) only when the 2-mg/kg dosage was administered. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results indicated short-term oral administration of anti-inflammatory dosages of prednisolone did not cause relevant hemodynamic, echocardiographic, or diabetogenic effects in systemically normal cats with allergic dermatitis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Gatos , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Prednisolona/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças do Gato/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatite/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatite/veterinária , Ecocardiografia/efeitos dos fármacos , Ecocardiografia/veterinária , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Prednisolona/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Distribuição Aleatória
14.
Z Rheumatol ; 78(7): 636-644, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In juvenile idiopathic arthritis and related chronic inflammatory diseases, proinflammatory cytokines inhibit bone formation and stimulate bone resorption. Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as glucocorticoids and nonsteroidal antirheumatic drugs (NSARD) have as a side effect the potential to inhibit growth and maintenance of bone. These issues are of particular importance for the growing skeleton in childhood and adolescence. OBJECTIVE: This article presents a narrative overview about the dimension of the problem, a critical evaluation of diagnostic procedures and a discussion of available countermeasures. METHODS: A systematic literature search was carried out and the available evidence was evaluated based on the authors' knowledge and clinical experience as experts in the field. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In recent years solid data have been accumulated with respect to the interpretation of bone mineral density (BMD) measurements in children and adolescents. Based on these data from the literature and given that the radiation exposure is also very low, it is now possible to clinically apply BMD measurements in this population using dual energy X­ray absorption (DXA) technology for risk evaluation and diagnosis, taking the respective phase of development and body length into consideration. Dynamic measurements over time appear to be especially valuable in the context of individual clinical data. Hence, BMD measurements can be helpful in monitoring bone health, especially in juvenile idiopathic arthritis and other related inflammatory diseases. Apart from the specific indications for extended diagnostics and bone targeted pharmacological treatment, this method can also contribute to the management of preventive measures, such as sufficient calcium and vitamin D intake and targeted exercise interventions. Even in times of extremely effective antirheumatic drugs, children with chronic inflammatory diseases still bear a risk for bone health.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil , Densidade Óssea , Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adolescente , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Osso e Ossos/fisiologia , Criança , Fraturas Ósseas , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Radiografia
15.
J Dermatol ; 46(9): 770-776, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270853

RESUMO

The efficacy of lauromacrogol injection therapy and intralesional triamcinolone for infantile hemangiomas (IH) has been well documented recently, but with an increase in serious or rare adverse reactions. The aim of this study is to investigate the safety concerns regarding intralesional injection of lauromacrogol combined with triamcinolone for IH and to study its effect on infant growth and development. A total of 1039 IH patients who were subjected to intralesional injection of lauromacrogol combined with triamcinolone in the Plastic Surgery Department of Shandong Provincial Hospital between 1 January 2015 and 31 May 2018 were enrolled in this study. When the dose of lauromacrogol and triamcinolone was less than 3.5 and 2.0 mg/kg respectively, no serious side-effects were observed. The adverse event rate reported was 7.7%. Among the 405 patients not subjected to propranolol before the last injection, the study included three modes of treatment response: regression (82.7%), stabilization (13.8%) and failure (3.5%). By comparing height and weight to the reference standards and also by comparisons between the same-sex groups, our results confirmed that there was no significant effect on children's height and weight, regardless of whether the injection therapy was combined with oral propranolol at the appropriate dose and with more than 4-week intervals. Intralesional injection of lauromacrogol combined with triamcinolone in the treatment of IH was highly safe and effective.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemangioma/tratamento farmacológico , Polidocanol/efeitos adversos , Soluções Esclerosantes/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/efeitos adversos , Estatura/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lactente , Injeções Intralesionais , Masculino , Polidocanol/administração & dosagem , Propranolol/administração & dosagem , Propranolol/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Soluções Esclerosantes/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Triancinolona/administração & dosagem , Triancinolona/efeitos adversos
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16239, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent clinical trials have shown that adjunctive glucocorticoids is associated with inhibiting excessive inflammatory response and modulating cytokines release offering several advantages over conventional therapy on relieving clinical symptoms, reducing mortality, and improving prognosis. However, given the severe complications triggered by glucocorticosteroid, whether similar benefits may be achieved by patients undergoing glucocorticosteroid intervention remains controversial. Our meta-analysis aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of adjunctive glucocorticoids in the treatment of severe community acquired pneumonia. METHODS: A search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, EBASO, Medline, Google Scholar, Science Dicet, CBM, and CNKI databases was performed to analyze all relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of corticosteroids in patients with severe community acquired pneumonia (CAP) up to January 2018. All-cause mortality, C-reactive protein (CRP) level, incidence of septic shock, and requirement of mechanical ventilation were selected as efficacy outcomes. Major adverse events involving super infection, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, and hyperglycemia were safety outcomes. Meta-analysis was conducted with RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: A total of 10 RCTs comprising 665 patients were included for analysis. Regarding efficacy outcomes, adjunctive corticosteroid seemed to be superior compared with conventional treatment in terms of all-cause mortality (relative risk [RR]: 0.47, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.3-0.74, P = .001), CRP level on day 8 after administration (standard mean difference [SMD]: -0.8, 95% CI, -1.11 to -0.5, P < .001), incidence of septic shock (odds ratio [OR] 0.15, 95% CI, 0.07-0.29, P < .001) and requirement for mechanical ventilation (OR: 0.32, 95% CI, 0.20-0.52, P < .001). Meanwhile, we found that low dose (≤86 mg) (RR: 0.41, 95% CI, 0.21-0.82, P = .01) and prolonged (>5 days) (RR: 0.35, 95% CI, 0.15-0.81, P = .01) use of corticosteroids in dosage modus of a maintenance dose after a bolus (RR: 0.28, 95% CI, 0.14-0.55, P = .002) obtained better results in death through subgroup analysis. Regarding safety outcomes, no difference was observed between 2 groups in terms of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (OR: 0.83, 95% CI, 0.27-2.52, P = .74), hyperglycemia (OR: 1.3, 95% CI, 0.68-2.49, P = .42), and super infection (OR: 1.11, 95% CI, 0.14-9.13, P = .92). CONCLUSION: Adjunctive corticosteroid yielded favorable outcomes in the treatment of severe community acquired pneumonia (SCAP) as evidenced by decreased all-cause mortality, incidence of septic shock, and requirement for mechanical ventilation without increasing risk of adverse events. Low dose (≤86 mg/d), prolonged use (>5 days) of corticosteroid in dosage modus of a maintenance dose after a bolus can be recommended as preferred regimen to guard against SCAP.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
BMJ ; 365: l1800, 2019 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335316

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether extending initial prednisolone treatment from eight to 16 weeks in children with idiopathic steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome improves the pattern of disease relapse. DESIGN: Double blind, parallel group, phase III randomised placebo controlled trial, including a cost effectiveness analysis. SETTING: 125 UK National Health Service district general hospitals and tertiary paediatric nephrology centres. PARTICIPANTS: 237 children aged 1-14 years with a first episode of steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome. INTERVENTIONS: Children were randomised to receive an extended 16 week course of prednisolone (total dose 3150 mg/m2) or a standard eight week course of prednisolone (total dose 2240 mg/m2). The drug was supplied as 5 mg tablets alongside matching placebo so that participants in both groups received the same number of tablets at any time point in the study. A minimisation algorithm ensured balanced treatment allocation by ethnicity (South Asian, white, or other) and age (5 years or less, 6 years or more). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was time to first relapse over a minimum follow-up of 24 months. Secondary outcome measures were relapse rate, incidence of frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome and steroid dependent nephrotic syndrome, use of alternative immunosuppressive treatment, rates of adverse events, behavioural change using the Achenbach child behaviour checklist, quality adjusted life years, and cost effectiveness from a healthcare perspective. Analysis was by intention to treat. RESULTS: No significant difference was found in time to first relapse (hazard ratio 0.87, 95% confidence interval 0.65 to 1.17, log rank P=0.28) or in the incidence of frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (extended course 60/114 (53%) v standard course 55/109 (50%), P=0.75), steroid dependent nephrotic syndrome (48/114 (42%) v 48/109 (44%), P=0.77), or requirement for alternative immunosuppressive treatment (62/114 (54%) v 61/109 (56%), P=0.81). Total prednisolone dose after completion of the trial drug was 6674 mg for the extended course versus 5475 mg for the standard course (P=0.07). There were no statistically significant differences in serious adverse event rates (extended course 19/114 (17%) v standard course 27/109 (25%), P=0.13) or adverse event rates, with the exception of behaviour, which was poorer in the standard course group. Scores on the Achenbach child behaviour checklist did not, however, differ. Extended course treatment was associated with a mean increase in generic quality of life (0.0162 additional quality adjusted life years, 95% confidence interval -0.005 to 0.037) and cost savings (difference -£1673 ($2160; €1930), 95% confidence interval -£3455 to £109). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical outcomes did not improve when the initial course of prednisolone treatment was extended from eight to 16 weeks in UK children with steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome. However, evidence was found of a short term health economic benefit through reduced resource use and increased quality of life. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN16645249; EudraCT 2010-022489-29.


Assuntos
Assistência de Longa Duração , Síndrome Nefrótica , Prednisolona , Qualidade de Vida , Prevenção Secundária , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Custo-Benefício , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Glucocorticoides/economia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Assistência de Longa Duração/economia , Assistência de Longa Duração/métodos , Masculino , Síndrome Nefrótica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Nefrótica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Nefrótica/economia , Síndrome Nefrótica/psicologia , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Prednisolona/efeitos adversos , Prednisolona/economia , Prevenção Secundária/economia , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
HNO ; 67(8): 639-648, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321448

RESUMO

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is not an emergency, but an urgency. Depending on severity, the disease may have a major impact on quality of life. Gold standard in Germany is a systemic, high-dosage glucocorticoid therapy. During oral or intravenous therapy with glucocorticoids, systemic side effects may occur. Especially in diabetics, this therapy may cause acute prominent disorders in glucose metabolism and therefore may be contraindicated. An alternative therapeutic option is intratympanic injection of steroids into the middle ear. Hereby the systemic side effects are absent and only local otologic complications may occasionally occur.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Dexametasona , Complicações do Diabetes , Alemanha , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/terapia , Perda Auditiva Súbita , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Membrana Timpânica
20.
Clin Interv Aging ; 14: 797-804, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31123397

RESUMO

Purpose: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), both medication-related and non medication-related, mainly occurs in aged patients. It needs surgical intervention. Refractory healing after an operation of ONJ can significantly lower the quality of life of elderly patients. The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors associated with refractory healing in aged patients. Patients and methods: We performed a retrospective study of ONJ in aged patients who underwent surgical treatments in a single institute during a 12-year period. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine independent risk factors associated with refractory healing. Results: A total of 122 patients were included. Of them, 25 patients were identified as the refractory group and 97 patients as the control group. Diabetes mellitus (DM) (AOR=5.03, 95% CI: 1.74-14.52) and glucocorticoid administration (AOR=7.97, 95% CI: 2.52-25.23) were found to be significant risk factors for refractory healing of ONJ. Conclusion: DM and medication of glucocorticoid might be risk factors for refractory healing of ONJ.


Assuntos
Doenças Maxilomandibulares/fisiopatologia , Doenças Maxilomandibulares/cirurgia , Osteonecrose/fisiopatologia , Osteonecrose/cirurgia , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/fisiopatologia , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/cirurgia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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