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2.
JAMA ; 323(3): 285, 2020 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961407
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 435-441, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892598

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of the Imadje study was to confirm the efficacy and safety of imatinib, following resection of kit-positive gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST), in the adjuvant setting in the Greek population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 34 adult patients already receiving imatinib were enrolled. Recurrence-free (RFS) and overall survival, as well as time to treatment failure and safety were assessed. RESULTS: Overall survival could not be estimated in the present study, as no death occurred. Overall, 91.2% of patients were recurrence-free at 36 months, while the median time to treatment failure was 35 months. No new or unexpected safety findings were observed. Mutation analysis in 14 patients showed that the most frequent mutations were located in KIT exon 11 (64.3%) and exon 9 (28.6%). Univariate analysis showed that only surgical resection with a margin classification of R0 was associated with better RFS. CONCLUSION: Adjuvant treatment with imatinib for 3 years in patients with intermediate to high risk of recurrence was proven to prolong RFS, while being well-tolerated and not exhibiting a negative impact on patient compliance with therapy.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Forensic Sci Int ; 306: 110072, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812819

RESUMO

Methods for estimating sex from a variety of skeletal elements is vital in forensic anthropology as many of the traditionally studied bones are often fragmented upon recovery. The current study examined the seven cervical vertebrae to establish an accurate sex estimation method for Europeans. Discriminant functions were developed from the seven cervical vertebrae using the maximum body height (CHT), vertebral foramen anterior-posterior diameter (CAP), and vertebral foramen transverse diameter (CTR). To date, no study has used these variables to estimate sex from human remains. Two hundred and ninety-five adult individuals (157 males, 138 females) from the University of Athens and the Luis Lopes skeletal collections were studied. No population differences were exhibited between the contemporary Greek and historic Portuguese skeletons, indicating that discriminant functions for sex estimation from the cervical vertebrae may not be population- or temporally-specific. The results of this study indicate that only CHT and CTR exhibited statistically significant sexual dimorphism. Seven multivariate discriminant functions were developed with accuracy rates between 80.3% and 84.5%. Cross-validation studies showed that five of the seven functions exhibited strong statistical algorithms. This study will assist with estimating the sex of unknown Europeans from the cervical vertebrae especially in cases where more accurate predictors of sex, such as the skull or the pelvis, are unavailable.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/anatomia & histologia , Determinação do Sexo pelo Esqueleto/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise Discriminante , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Antropologia Forense , Grécia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Portugal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
5.
Food Chem ; 307: 125518, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644976

RESUMO

The Greek vineyard is home to many minor, indigenous grape cultivar whose diverse polyphenolic content has remained largely unexploited. The study aimed at assaying and assessing the polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity of: (a) five obscure cultivars; (b) Six biotypes of cultivar 'Liatiko'; (c) Five prominent cultivars; and (d) three French varieties included for comparison reasons. Results revealed all samples exhibiting high polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity levels. 'Vertzami' recorded the highest concentrations in berry skins total anthocyanins, flavanols, flavonols, antioxidant capacity. 'Mandilaria' scored the highest value in seed total flavanols compared to all biotypes and cultivars. All 'Liatiko' biotypes scored the highest concentrations in seed total flavonoids and flavonols. 'Liatiko' and its biotypes exhibited different polyphenolic profiles between them. Owing to the climate change, those indigenous varieties' substantial polyphenol amounts, and the differences between biotypes, will allow viticulturists to select the varieties/biotypes most appropriate for obtaining higher quality products.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Polifenóis/química , Vitis/química , Antocianinas/análise , Mudança Climática , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonóis/análise , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Grécia , Polifenóis/análise , Sementes/química , Sementes/metabolismo , Vitis/metabolismo
6.
Water Res ; 171: 115386, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865127

RESUMO

Groundwater resources are the main supply of freshwater for human activities. However, in the last fifty years aquifers have become more susceptible to chemical pollution due to human activities. The concept of groundwater vulnerability constitutes a worldwide accepted tool for water protection and planning. However, the existing methods and modified versions do not account for all the hydrogeochemical processes that drive anthropogenic pollution. The hydrogeochemical processes occurring within an aquifer can be determined using multivariate statistical analysis. In this study a specific vulnerability method named SVAP (Specific Vulnerability to Anthropogenic Pollution) is proposed. The index is based on seven quantitative parameters: depth to groundwater, recharge, nitrate losses, hydraulic resistance of the vadose zone, aquifer thickness, hydraulic conductivity of the aquifer, and slope. Weights of anthropogenic factors were determined by factor analysis and used to validate the SVAP methodology. The parameters' classification was selected according to the highest Pearson's correlation coefficient with factor weights and then grouped via a linear combination. The new index was applied in two watersheds: the Florina basin (Greece) and the Garigliano River basin (Italy), both of which possess complex hydrogeochemical regimes. The main hydrogeochemical processes acting in the study areas were identified via factor analysis, which revealed that the anthropogenic pollution in both sites was due mainly to chemical fertilizers and manure. Verification of the SVAP method produced correlation coefficients with nitrate concentrations of 0.75 and 0.62 in Florina and Garigliano, respectively. The proposed SVAP method is more reliable and flexible than standard vulnerability assessment methods and can be easily adapted for complex aquifers.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Grécia , Humanos , Itália , Análise de Regressão
7.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(1): 14, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811395

RESUMO

The potential influence of short-period (May-June 2012) dredging activities (for the installation of a submarine gas pipeline) on physical properties of the marine environment of two shallow-water sites in the Aliveri and Varnavas areas of South Euboean Gulf (Greece) has been evaluated. During the dredging operation in Varnavas, the induced dredge plume traveled up to ~ 750 m from the shoreline, featured by light attenuation coefficient (cp) maxima of 4.01-4.61 m-1 and suspended particulate matter (SPM) concentrations up to 6.01 mg L-1. After dredging the previous parameters reduced to the ambient seawater condition, ~ 0.45 m-1 and < 2.8 mg L-1 on average, respectively. Likewise in Aliveri, the dredging-associated sediment plume drifted offshore up to ~ 400 m from the shoreline, characterized by cp maxima of 2.11-4.86 m-1 and SPM concentrations up to 13.07 mg L-1. After the completion of the excavation and trenching activities, the cp and SPM values were restored to the pre-disturbance condition, ~ 0.6 m-1 and < 2.2 mg L-1 on average, respectively. The migration of the dredge plume in both dredging sites was accomplished through the formation of intermediate and benthic nepheloid layers, whose development and evolution were governed by seawater stratification and flow regime. The dredging-derived SPM levels appeared to increase within a distance of no more than 300 m from the shoreline (near-field zone). Based on data from the literature, this SPM enhancement together with the deposition of a post-dredging residual mud veneer in the near-field zone could deteriorate local marine biota, but in a reversible way.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Material Particulado/análise , Água do Mar/química , Grécia , Mar Mediterrâneo , Indústria de Petróleo e Gás/normas , Navios , Tempo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 694: 133681, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756796

RESUMO

Understanding the distribution of wild medicinal plants and areas that are suitable for cultivation of these plants is important for both conservation and agriculture. Here, we study ten taxa with known ethnopharmacological uses, which have been used extensively in traditional medicine and as culinary supplements. We aim to (1) predict and map the potential habitat suitability for these taxa across the study area, (2) investigate spatial patterns that could have management implications, such as niche similarities among the taxa and suitability "hotspots" with the use of novel indices, and (3) develop a platform where parts of this information can be accessed and utilized by all interested groups, from the policy-maker level to the individual practitioner level. Ecological Niche Models developed for each study taxon, based on topographic, bioclimatic, soil, and land use variables had high predictive power and were used as the basis for suitability visualization. A series of informative indices were also calculated and mapped, revealing spatial patterns not readily observable from the single-taxon predictions, and providing valuable information to managers. Finally, a web-based, easy-to-use application was also created, where the predicted suitability scores for the study area can be made accessible to anyone interested. The application can provide information both in a visual form (i.e. maps of predicted suitability) and in a numerical form (i.e. estimated suitability scores for all taxa in a given geographical location). This study provides the scientific tools to make a step towards cultivating a group of economically important wild medicinal plants in Crete, as well as the tools to disseminate this information to decision makers and practitioners, and eventually integrate the research findings in local agricultural practices.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Plantas Medicinais , Grécia , Medicina Tradicional
9.
Environ Manage ; 64(6): 675-688, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748947

RESUMO

The enactment of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) initiated scientific efforts to develop reliable methods for comparing prevailing lake conditions against reference (or nonimpaired) states, using the state of a set biological elements. Drawing a distinction between impaired and natural conditions can be a challenging exercise. Another important aspect is to ensure that water quality assessment is comparable among the different Member States. In this context, the present paper offers a constructive critique of the practices followed during the WFD implementation in Greece by pinpointing methodological weaknesses and knowledge gaps that undermine our ability to classify the ecological quality of Greek lakes. One of the pillars of WDF is a valid lake typology that sets ecological standards transcending geographic regions and national boundaries. The national typology of Greek lakes has failed to take into account essential components. WFD compliance assessments based on the descriptions of phytoplankton communities are oversimplified and as such should be revisited. Exclusion of most chroococcal species from the analysis of cyanobacteria biovolume in Greek lakes/reservoirs and most reservoirs in Spain, Portugal, and Cyprus is not consistent with the distribution of those taxa in lakes. Similarly, the total biovolume reference values and the indices used in classification schemes reflect misunderstandings of WFD core principles. This hampers the comparability of ecological status across Europe and leads to quality standards that are too relaxed to provide an efficient target for the protection of Greek/transboundary lakes such as the ancient Lake Megali Prespa.


Assuntos
Lagos , Fitoplâncton , Monitoramento Ambiental , Europa (Continente) , Grécia , Região do Mediterrâneo , Portugal , Espanha , Água
10.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 519, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Troglostrongylus brevior is a lungworm of wild felids that recently has been recognized as agent of severe respiratory disease in domestic cats in Mediterranean and Balkan countries. Nevertheless, the information on treatment options for feline troglostrongylosis is still poor. The aim of this pilot field trial was to evaluate the efficacy of the spot-on formulation containing 1% w/v moxidectin and 10% w/v imidacloprid (Advocate® spot-on solution for cats, Bayer Animal Health GmbH) in the treatment of T. brevior infection in naturally infected cats in Greece. METHODS: The trial was a negative control, multicentre, clinical efficacy study conducted according to the standards of Good Scientific Practice (GSP). Sixteen cats in two study sites, naturally infected with T. brevior, were allocated to an untreated control group (G1, n = 8) or a treatment group (G2, n = 8), according to a randomization list. Animals assigned to G2 were treated with Advocate® for cats on days 0 and 28 at the recommended dose rate and animals assigned to G1 received a rescue treatment with the same product on days 56 and 84. Efficacy was assessed on days 28 and 56 in G2 and on days 84 and 112 in G1 by faecal larval counts. The primary efficacy criterion was the absence of T. brevior first-stage larvae (L1) following treatment. Other efficacy parameters were the quantitative comparison of L1 presence before (baseline) and after one or two treatments in both groups. RESULTS: All G2 cats were negative for T. brevior L1 at the first post-treatment evaluation (100% efficacy) while G1 cats were persistently shedding L1. The difference of the mean number of L1 per gram between G2 and G1 was statistically significant (P < 0.001). All G1 cats were negative (100% efficacy) for T. brevior L1 at the first post-rescue-treatment evaluation. Therefore, treatment efficacy at study completion was 100% in both groups in terms of stopping the L1 shedding in the faeces of the animals. No adverse effects were observed during the study. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that Advocate® spot-on solution for cats represents an option for treating cats naturally infected with T. brevior.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato/tratamento farmacológico , Macrolídeos/uso terapêutico , Metastrongyloidea/efeitos dos fármacos , Neonicotinoides/uso terapêutico , Nitrocompostos/uso terapêutico , Infecções Respiratórias/veterinária , Infecções por Strongylida/veterinária , Animais , Doenças do Gato/parasitologia , Gatos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Grécia , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Metastrongyloidea/isolamento & purificação , Infecções Respiratórias/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Respiratórias/parasitologia , Infecções por Strongylida/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Strongylida/parasitologia
11.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(4): 465-472, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recommendations of the European Association for Palliative Care have been proposed to strengthen the provision of palliative care and it is clear that people with dementia can benefit from palliative care, but no research so far addresses the beliefs of university students and professionals in the social, medical and other science fields in South East Europe regarding the need from palliative care. The objective of this study is to explore when students and professionals consider a person with dementia in need of palliative care and to compare their opinions in three South East European countries. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: An anonymized questionnaire was used based on van Riet Paap et al. (2015) case-vignette. A sample of 1287 participants (student nurses, professional nurses, psychology students, professional psychologists, student doctors, professional doctors, and students and professionals from other non-relevant to medical and social care sciences) was examined in Greece, Bulgaria and Romania. RESULTS: The open responses to the "when" question revealed the categories: after her diagnosis/after the first symptoms; when she and her family cannot cope; at the advance of symptoms; all the time; when she behaves aggressively; I am not sure/there is no specific point. Unexpectedly, age, professional status and field of studies were not found to be significant predictors, but only the country of origin was found to contribute to the differences in the participants' answers regarding the start of palliative care. CONCLUSION: Although professional-student status and relevancy of subject did not predict opinions, the country of origin predicted controversies for the proposed time point of considering a person with dementia in need of palliative care.


Assuntos
Demência/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Cuidados Paliativos , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Bulgária , Grécia , Humanos , Romênia , Universidades
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6379-6387, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In the present retrospective study, we assessed the molecular profile and clinicopathological correlations of Greek colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 157 CRC patients were collected. High Resolution Melting Analysis and Pyrosequencing/Sanger sequencing were applied to identify KRAS, BRAF, NRAS mutations and microsatellite instability (MSI) status. Immunohistochemistry was performed to characterize the associated Mismatch Repair Protein loss. Statistical calculations were performed using the statistical package SPSS v21.0. RESULTS: KRAS mutations were detected in 39.3% of cases, BRAF in 10.9% and NRAS in 4.9%. MSI status was recognized in 11.5% of CRC patients and was associated with right colon tumors. MSI phenotype was inversely correlated with stage, N status and KRAS mutations and positively correlated with BRAF mutations. CONCLUSION: MSI positive CRCs in the Greek population are more often right-sided, free of metastasis, KRAS wild type and BRAF mutated. Providing more detailed clinicopathological and molecular data for specific populations will enable better clinical management and individualized therapy in the future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/genética , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/genética , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide/patologia
13.
Zootaxa ; 4612(2): zootaxa.4612.2.3, 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717065

RESUMO

Limnephilus minos Malicky 1970 is a micro-endemic caddisfly restricted to the Greek island of Crete. Mesophylax impunctatus aduncus (Navás 1923) is known from Turkey and the southern Balkan peninsula; Greek records range from islands close to the mainland and Skiros to the northern mainland, and Attica. This paper describes the previously unknown larvae of both taxa. Information on the morphology of the 5th larval instar of each taxon is given, and the most important diagnostic characters are illustrated. A discriminatory matrix for the Greek limnephilid larvae with multifilament gills is also provided. In the context of existing identification keys, the larva of L. minos belongs to the group of Limnephilini larvae where face setae are lacking on the mid- and/or hind femora; the species keys together with L. auricula Curtis 1834 and can be separated from the latter species by setae present between the primary setae on the distal section of mid- and hind trochanters. In contrast, face setae are present on the mid- and/or hind femora in M. impunctatus aduncus. Its larva can be easily identified by the fact that 3 or more ventral-edge setae are present on the midfemur, by setae present on both sides of the anal slit, and by its grazer-type mandible lacking terminal teeth.


Assuntos
Brânquias , Insetos , Animais , Península Balcânica , Grécia , Ilhas , Larva , Turquia
14.
Zootaxa ; 4609(3): zootaxa.4609.3.5, 2019 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717095

RESUMO

Larvae of three leptocerid caddisfly subspecies described in the present paper were sampled in Greece and the North Aegean island of Gökceada (Turkey). Information on the morphology of the final larval instar of each is given and the most important diagnostic features are illustrated. The subspecies are integrated into a synoptic discriminatory matrix including the currently known larvae of Greek species of genus Athripsodes. The species can be easily separated by head coloration; the morphology of the ventral apotome; setal and spinal patterns on the metadorsum, foretibiae, and anal prolegs; and by distribution. With respect to distribution, Athripsodes longispinosus longispinosus is known from Bulgaria, the Caucasus area, Turkey, the northern Greek mainland, and the Greek islands of Thasos, Lesbos, Andros, Ikaria, Naxos, and Rhodes. Athripsodes longispinosus paleochora is an endemic of the Greek island of Crete, and A. bilineatus aegeus has been recorded from the Peloponnese; the Greek islands of Euboea, Skiathos, Kithira, Andros; and Turkey.


Assuntos
Insetos , Animais , Bulgária , Grécia , Larva , Turquia
15.
Zootaxa ; 4688(3): zootaxa.4688.3.6, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719440

RESUMO

Two new species of Pseudamaurops Jeannel, 1948 are described, P. hristovskii sp. n. from North Macedonia and P. tymficus sp. n. from Greece. Redescriptions of P. albanicus (Apfelbeck, 1907) and P. muellerianus (Ravasini, 1923) are provided, and an identification key for the genus is provided.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Grécia
16.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1197: 1-9, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732930

RESUMO

The 1st International Conference on Oral Mucosal Immunity and the Microbiome (OMIM) took place at the Avra Imperial Hotel, Chania, Crete, Greece, between 26th and 30th September 2018, under the auspices of the Aegean Conferences. This was the first Aegean Conference of its kind in thematic oral research, and a unique blend of immunological and microbiological perspectives, which attracted leading scientists from around the world to discuss the latest advances in the field. The Conference was divided into eight sessions that spanned across 4 days and included the following topics: (a) mucosal barrier immunity; (b) host response and inflammation; (c) microbiome in homeostasis and dysbiosis; (d) fungal and viral pathogenesis; (e) oral microbiome and proteome; (f) microbial virulence and biofilms; (g) microbiome, cancer, and systemic disease; and (h) microbiota and inflammation. There was substantial thematic overlap among all sessions, which promoted constant involvement of the participating scientists. An important hallmark was the active debate between oral microbiologists and oral immunologists, who explored new ideas and potential research collaborations, a crucial aspect for bridging our understanding of oral diseases in the context of the whole body. Key findings are highlighted and thematically presented in the following sections.


Assuntos
Imunidade nas Mucosas , Microbiota , Mucosa Bucal , Disbiose , Grécia , Humanos , Inflamação , Mucosa Bucal/microbiologia
17.
Zootaxa ; 4576(1): zootaxa.4576.1.2, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715773

RESUMO

Eleven species of aquatic true bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) are newly recorded for Cephalonia Island (Greece)-Gerromorpha: Hydrometra stagnorum (Linnaeus, 1758), Microvelia pygmaea (Dufour, 1833), Velia mariae Tamanini, 1971, Gerris argentatus Schummel, 1832, G. costae (Herrich-Schäffer, 1850), G. lacustris (Linnaeus, 1758); Nepomorpha: Corixa affinis Leach, 1817, Anisops crinitus Brooks, 1951, A. sardeus Herrich-Schäffer, 1849, Notonecta maculata Fabricius, 1794, Plea minutissima Leach, 1817-where only a few species have been recorded. The most notable records are: Anisops crinitus, which in Europe was known only from the island of Corfu (Greece) and Spain (until recently under the name A. marazanofi Poisson, 1966), and Velia mariae, whose distribution is still poorly known. Velia rivulorum (Fabricius, 1775), V. currens (Fabricius, 1794), and Anisops canariensis Nouahlier, 1893 (currently A. debilis canariensis), from old literature records, are excluded from the fauna of the Ionian Islands. Similarly, N. glauca glauca Linnaeus, 1758 is excluded from the fauna of Cephalonia and Corfu. The first record of Hydrometra gracilenta Horváth, 1899 from Corfu and for the Ionian Islands is provided. Microvelia pygmaea and Gerris maculatus Tamanini, 1946 are newly recorded for Lefkada Island. An annotated list of the Gerromorpha, Nepomorpha, and Leptopodomorpha of the Ionian Islands also is given.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Animais , Europa (Continente) , Grécia , Ilhas , Espanha
18.
Zootaxa ; 4568(2): zootaxa.4568.2.11, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715865

RESUMO

This paper describes the previously unknown larva of Plectrocnemia renetta Malicky 1975. Information on the morphology of the final instar larva is given and the most important diagnostic features are illustrated. A preliminary discriminatory matrix for the Greek larvae of Plectrocnemia Stephens 1836 is also provided. Plectrocnemia renetta and P. conspersa conspersa (Curtis 1834) belong to the group where the inner and outer dorsal secondary setae on abdominal segment IX are strongly different in length. These two species can be separated from each other by the arrangement of muscle attachment spots on the head capsule, number and length of setae on abdominal sternum IX, and by distribution patterns. With respect to zoogeography, Plectrocnemia renetta has been reported from Cyprus, Turkey, and from the Greek islands of Ikaria and Samos.


Assuntos
Insetos , Animais , Chipre , Grécia , Larva , Turquia
19.
Zootaxa ; 4674(2): zootaxa.4674.2.1, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716009

RESUMO

The present contribution revises the taxonomy of the Pygopleurus Motschulsky, 1860 species from the mainland Greece, introducing substantial changes to the last taxonomic work by Baraud (1989). Pygopleurus humeralis (Brullé, 1832) is recognized as a junior synonym of P. apicalis (Brullé, 1832). Specimens up to date identified as P. humeralis actually belong to five different taxa, of which two are new: P. brullei brullei Bollino, Uliana Sabatinelli, new species and P. brullei taygetanus Bollino, Uliana Sabatinelli, new subspecies, two are resurrected from synonymy: P. viridisuturatus (Reitter, 1903) from Greece, and P. isikdagensis (Petrovitz, 1963) from Turkey, and one species, P. bulgaricus (Nedelkov, 1905) is resurrected. Pygopleurus pseudopsilotrichius (Petrovitz, 1958) is resurrected from unwarranted synonymy with P. anemoninus (Brullé, 1832). Pygopleurus chrysonotus (Brullé, 1832) is removed from the synonymy with P. anemoninus and treated as senior synonym of Pygopleurus diffusus (Petrovitz, 1958). Pygopleurus anemoninus, P. chrysonotus and P. hirsutus (Brullé, 1832) are endemic to Greece, and absent from the fauna of Turkey. Previous records of these species from Turkey result from misidentifications. Neotypes of Pygopleurus chrysonotus and P. bulgaricus are designated. Neotype of Amphicoma apicalis designated by Baraud (1989) and lectotype of A. humeralis selected by Baraud (1989) in 1988 are considered invalid and set aside. For all species, ecological notes are presented and geographical distributions are mapped.


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , Ecologia , Grécia , Turquia
20.
Br J Nurs ; 28(21): 1388-1392, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: the choice of the appropriate tool for assessing level of medication adherence is a significant barrier in scientific research. AIMS: to translate into Greek and test the reliability of the Hill-Bone and A-14 scales among patients with hypertension. Also, to compare patients' responses in the Hill-Bone scale, A-14 scale and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS). METHODS: data collection occurred between February 2016 and March 2016 at a general hospital in Athens, Greece. The sample consisted of hypertensive patients (n=34) and non-hypertensive patients (n=34). FINDINGS: the coefficient alpha in hypertensive patients was 0.76 for Hill-Bone, 0.64 for MMAS and 0.91 for the A-14 scale. In non-hypertensive patients, the Cronbach's alpha for MMAS was 0.81 and 0.78 for A-14. A statistically significant difference was found among the mean scores of the scales, whereas strong correlation was found only between two pairs of questions with similar meaning. CONCLUSION: all tools are appropriate to assess the level of medication adherence in Greek hypertensive patients. However, careful translation of the scales is essential since items with the same meaning could be understudied in a different way.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Feminino , Grécia , Hospitais Gerais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções
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