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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906604

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic poses a threat to global public health due to home confinement policies impacting on physical activity engagement and overall health. This study aimed to explore physical activity participation, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and levels of perceived stress among Chinese adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. An online survey was conducted between 25 February and 15 March 2020. A total of 645 surveys were completed. Participants reported increased sedentary time from pre-COVID-19 period to the COVID-19 pandemic period (p < 0.05). Over 80% of the sample engaged in either low or moderate intensity physical activity. Participants' average physical component summary score (PCS) and mental component summary score (MCS) for HRQoL were 75.3 (SD = 16.6) and 66.6 (SD = 19.3), respectively. More than half of participants (53.0%) reported moderate levels of stress. Significant correlations between physical activity participation, HRQoL, and levels of perceived stress were observed (p < 0.05). Prolonged sitting time was also found to have a negative effect on HRQoL (p < 0.05). During such periods of home confinement, public health strategies aimed at educating Chinese adults to enhance home-based physical activity may be necessary to maintain health on a population level.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Exercício Físico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created challenges that have caused profound changes in health behaviors. This study aimed to explore how COVID-19 is affecting the health-related quality of life (QoL) among Chinese adults. METHODS: The data of health-related behaviors and QoL were collected via online surveys from 2289 adults (mean age = 27.8 ± 12 years) who had been isolated at home for an average of 77 days. RESULTS: More than 50% of the respondents reported that their time engaged in daily physical activity (PA) decreased, while sedentary behavior (SB) time increased compared with that before the lockdown. Only 20% of the respondents reported engaging in moderate-to-vigorous PA, 23% of adults reported changed their diets to be healthier, and 30% reported consuming more vegetables, fruits, and milk products than before home-isolation. During home-isolation, 75.2% of the adults rated their sleep quality as very good, and 65% reported that they were satisfied with their QoL. Sleep quality mediated the relationship between PA and QoL. CONCLUSION: The two-to-three-month home-isolation has had mixed effects on adult health behaviors in China. The participants were found to have focused more on their eating quality and patterns, which had a positive influence on their QoL. However, people should be encouraged to exercise at home with limited space to maintain a generally healthy lifestyle during a prolonged quarantine.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Exercício Físico , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Sono , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Qualidade de Vida , Quarentena/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sedentário , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Anxiety Disord ; 75: 102291, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827869

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: COVID-19 is rearranging our society with fear and worry about the novel coronavirus impacting the mental health of Americans. The current study examines the intersection of COVID-19 fear, worries and perceived threat with social vulnerabilities and mental health consequences, namely anxiety and depressive symptomatology. METHODS: Using an online platform, a national sample (n = 10, 368) of U.S. adults was surveyed during the week of March 23, 2020. The sample was post-strata weighted to ensure adequate representation of the U.S. population based on population estimates for gender, race/ethnicity, income, age, and geography. RESULTS: Fear and worry are not distributed equally across the country; rather they are concentrated in places where the largest number of confirmed COVID-19 cases is found. Additionally, data highlight significant differences in the subjective perception of distress across groups with varying social vulnerabilities. Women, Hispanics, Asians, families with children under 18, and foreign-born respondents reported higher levels of subjective fear and worry compared to their counterparts. Finally, even after controlling for social vulnerability, subjective assessments of distress were positive, and significantly related to anxiety and depressive symptomatology; prior mental health research from China and Europe confirm what others have begun to document in the United States. CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary work provides practitioners with a glimpse of what lies ahead, which individuals and communities may be the most vulnerable, and what types of strategic interventions might help to address a wide range of mental health consequences for Americans in the months and years ahead.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Medo , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Depressão/epidemiologia , Grupos Étnicos/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Mulheres/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Am J Prev Med ; 59(4): 481-492, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829968

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study examines COVID-19-associated discrimination regardless of infection status. It evaluates the contribution of various risk factors (e.g., race/ethnicity and wearing a face mask) and the relationship with mental distress among U.S. adults in March and April 2020, when the pandemic escalated across the country. METHODS: Participants consisted of a probability-based, nationally representative sample of U.S. residents aged ≥18 years who completed COVID-19-related surveys online in March and April (n=3,665). Multivariable logistic regression was used to predict the probability of a person perceiving COVID-19-associated discrimination. Linear regression was used to analyze the association between discrimination and mental distress. Analyses were conducted in May 2020. RESULTS: Perception of COVID-19-associated discrimination increased from March (4%) to April (10%). Non-Hispanic Black (absolute risk from 0.09 to 0.15 across months) and Asians (absolute risk from 0.11 to 0.17) were more likely to perceive discrimination than other racial/ethnic groups (absolute risk from 0.03 to 0.11). Individuals who wore face masks (absolute risk from 0.11 to 0.14) also perceived more discrimination than those who did not (absolute risk from 0.04 to 0.11). Perceiving discrimination was subsequently associated with increased mental distress (from 0.77 to 1.01 points on the 4-item Patient Health Questionnaire score). CONCLUSIONS: Perception of COVID-19-associated discrimination was relatively low but increased with time. Perceived discrimination was associated with race/ethnicity and wearing face masks and may contribute to greater mental distress during early stages of the pandemic. The long-term implications of this novel form of discrimination should be monitored.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Infecções por Coronavirus , Máscaras , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Discriminação Social , Percepção Social , Adulto , Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/etnologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/etnologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Saúde Pública/métodos , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Discriminação Social/prevenção & controle , Discriminação Social/psicologia , Discriminação Social/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Niger Postgrad Med J ; 27(3): 224-229, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687123

RESUMO

Background: Tension-type headache (TTH) is one of the most common reasons patients seek medical treatment. Psychiatric co-morbidities such as anxiety and depression have been commonly observed in patients with TTH. Objective: The objective was to study the prevalence and severity of co-morbid generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) in patients with TTH. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in the Tertiary Health Care Centre in Central Rural India, with a sample size of 85. Data were recorded in the predesigned, semi-structured questionnaire. Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) were used to categorise the co-morbid anxiety and depression. Results: About 48.2% of the study participants were in the age group of 31-40 years with a mean age of 36.8 ± 7.1 years. Higher proportions of female study participants (64.7%) were observed. Majority of the study participants were literate (76.5%), employed (57.7%), married (78.8%) and had rural residence (54.1%). The prevalence of co-morbid GAD was 70.6%, whereas the prevalence of co-morbid MDD was 54.1%. According to HAM-A, 31.8% had mild, 21.2% had moderate, while 17.6% had severe anxiety levels. According to HDRS, 34.1% had mild, 16.5% had moderate and 3.5% had severe co-morbid depression. Conclusion: TTH is frequently associated with co-morbid GAD and MDD.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia , Cefaleia do Tipo Tensional/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Prevalência , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , População Rural , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cefaleia do Tipo Tensional/diagnóstico , Centros de Atenção Terciária
6.
J Health Psychol ; 25(9): 1164-1175, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627606

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the relationship between psychological distress and post-traumatic stress disorder among Chinese participants as the result of COVID-19 outbreak. This study was conducted within 1 month after COVID-19 appeared in China, it included 570 participants age from 14 to 35. The results indicated that 12.8% of all participants with the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and the effects of psychological distress on post-traumatic stress disorder was mediated by negative coping style. Gender moderated the direct effect between psychological distress and post-traumatic stress disorder, which is a significant discovery for relevant departments to take further measures.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Angústia Psicológica , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 42(3): 486-492, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus infection Disease 19 impacted every part of the world and routine life. Recent report from the Office of national statistics in UK reported disproportionate death among Black Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) population. NHS is heavily relied on the BAME work force both in front line and in the community. We attempted to explore the beliefs and perception about reported worrying issue among BAME health work force in a Diverse city of Leicester. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey using 20 questions in an electronic format. The target population was identified through Leicester Asian Doctors Society and Leicester Asian Nurses Society. The questionnaire was then distributed electronically to the members. Survey questionnaire was accessed by 372, incomplete response (172) were excluded and 200 completed responses were analysed. RESULTS: Majority of BAME workforce are routinely involved in front line duties. More than 70% were anxious about their role during this pandemic. The Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) supply was adequate, and the support received from the local healthcare providers was more than satisfactory. The work force perceived co-morbidity, lack of PPE and testing were one of the few reasons for increased death in BAME. BAME group felt adequate provision of PPE, increased testing and improving mental health well-being is required to alleviate concerns and improve BAME working life in NHS. CONCLUSION: BAME workforce are routinely involved in front line work and current anxiety level is very high. Adequate provision of mental health support with clear risk stratification for return to work is required urgently.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/psicologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Grupos Minoritários/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
8.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235761, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628738

RESUMO

The Women's Experience with Battering (WEB) scale is a self-report instrument that uses a 10-item Likert-type scale to measure IPV victims' cognitive and affective experience of battering. This study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the WEB scale using gender-neutral questions, Experience of Battering Scale (Chinese) (EBS-C), to assess the psychological vulnerability of victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). The study adopted a range of methods, including translation and back translation, expert reviews, cognitive debriefing, and test-retest reliability assessment. The EBS-C was validated in a purposive convenience sample of 718 Chinese-speaking participants (male = 362; female = 356) aged 18-24 (mean age = 21.4) in Hong Kong. The results of CFA showed a good model fit: CFI = .97, TLI = .96, RMSEA = .05, SRMR = .03. The EBS-C was also found to be significantly associated with the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2; r = .13-.17, p < .01), depression (BDI-II: r = .15, p < .01), anxiety (GAD-7: r = .17, p < .01), interpersonal support (ISEL-12: r = -.27, p < .01), relationship satisfaction (RAS: r = -.36, p < .01), and self-esteem (RSES: r = -.22, p < .01). The study demonstrated the EBS-C to be a reliable and valid measure for assessing the psychological vulnerability of IPV victims. It is thus useful for identifying the risks such individuals face by assessing their experience of fear, danger, and disempowerment in the intimate relationship relative to abusive incident-based measures alone. The EBS-C will also be useful for developing effective treatments to address the psychological vulnerability resulting from IPV and will facilitate cross-cultural comparative research aimed at enriching our knowledge of IPV victimization.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Mulheres Maltratadas/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Autorrelato , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Mulheres Maltratadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Int J Public Health ; 65(6): 747-754, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728852

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This paper empirically examines whether and how COVID-19 may be activating bias and discrimination toward individuals of Asian descent. METHODS: In March 2020, we used a national online survey to collect data from 1141 US residents. Using descriptive statistics and multivariate regression, we estimated the prevalence and COVID-19-related predictors of bias toward people of Asian descent. RESULTS: We found over 40% of our sample reported they would engage in at least one discriminatory behavior toward people of Asian descent. Respondents who were fearful of COVID-19 (b = .09, p < 0.001) and had less accurate knowledge about the virus (b = - .07, p < 0.001) reported more negative attitudes toward Asians as did respondents with less trust in science (b = - .06, p < 0.001) and more trust in President Trump (b = .04, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Public health leaders must confront fear of the virus, improve knowledge, and bolster trust in science as these factors may evoke negative attitudes toward Asians and increase prejudice and discrimination. Specifically, our findings warrant the adoption of public health campaigns that provide health information and build trust in scientific knowledge.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública , Racismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pesquisa Empírica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 815, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data were available on smoking and smokeless tobacco use in South Asian migrants in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This study aimed to identify the prevalence and correlates of cigarette smoking and smokeless tobacco use in male South Asian migrants in the UAE. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional study to recruit a random representative sample of male South Asian migrants, including Indian (n = 433), Pakistani (n = 383) and Bangladeshi (n = 559) nationalities. We used multivariable logistic regression analysis to identify significant correlates of cigarettes smoking and smokeless tobacco use. RESULTS: 1375 South Asian migrant adult males participated in the study (response rate 76%) with a mean age of 34 years (SD ± 10). The overall prevalence of cigarette smoking was 28% (95%CI 25-30%) and smokeless tobacco use was 11% (95%CI 10-13%). The prevalence of current cigarette smoking was 21, 23, and 37% among participants from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, respectively. The prevalence of current smokeless tobacco use was 6, 12, and 16% for Indian, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi participants, respectively. Among study participants, Bangladeshi nationality, hypertension, and alcohol use were significant correlates of current cigarette smoking. Significant correlates of smokeless tobacco use included increased age, less than college level education, alcohol use, and Pakistani or Bangladeshi nationality. CONCLUSIONS: Current smoking and smokeless tobacco use in South Asian migrants represent a significant public health burden in the UAE. Effective public health measures are needed to reduce tobacco use in this migrant population.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/etnologia , Fumar Cigarros/psicologia , Fumantes/psicologia , Uso de Tabaco/etnologia , Uso de Tabaco/psicologia , Tabaco sem Fumaça/estatística & dados numéricos , Migrantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Bangladesh , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paquistão , Prevalência , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Uso de Tabaco/epidemiologia , Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Emirados Árabes Unidos/epidemiologia , Emirados Árabes Unidos/etnologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 194, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to an ageing population, multimorbidity is becoming more common. Treatment burden (the effort required of patients to look after their health and the impact this has on their wellbeing) is prevalent in patients with multimorbidity. The Multimorbidity Treatment Burden Questionnaire (MTBQ) is a patient-reported outcome measure of treatment burden that has been validated amongst patients with multimorbidity in the UK. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the MTBQ into Chinese and to assess its reliability and validity in elderly patients with multimorbidity in hospital. METHODS: The original English version of the MTBQ was translated into Chinese using Brislin's model of cross-culture translation. The C-MTBQ was piloted on a sample of 30 elderly patients with multimorbidity prior to being completed by 156 Chinese elderly patients with multimorbidity recruited from a hospital in Zhengzhou, China. We examined the proportion of missing data, the distribution of responses and floor and ceiling effects for each question. Factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, intraclass coefficient and Spearman's rank correlations assessed dimensional structure, internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability and criterion validity, respectively. RESULTS: The average age of the respondents was 73.5 years (range 60-99 years). The median C-MTBQ global score was 20.8 (interquartile range 12.5-29.2). Significant floor effects were seen for all items. Factor analysis supported a three-factor structure. The C-MTBQ had high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient, 0.76) and test-retest reliability (the intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.944), the correlations between every item and global scores scored > 0.4. The scale content validity index(S-CVI) was 0.89, and the item level content validity index(I-CVI)was 0.83 ~ 1.00. The criterion validity was 0.875. CONCLUSION: The Chinese version of MTBQ showed satisfactory reliability and validity in elderly patients with multimorbidity, and could be used as a tool to measure treatment burden of elderly patients with multimorbidity in hospital.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Pacientes Internados/psicologia , Multimorbidade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções
12.
J Anxiety Disord ; 73: 102233, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-154879

RESUMO

The COVID-19 public health crisis has led to extensive recommendations by officials to contain its spread. Anxiety regarding contracting the virus is prominent in the public. Specific routes to anxiety over disease contraction are under studied. It is expected that a contributory feature of fear of contracting COVID-19 involve disgust propensity and sensitivity, emotional reactions that are part of a broader behavioral immune system (BIS). A total of N = 908 Chinese adults (mean age = 40.37 years, SD = 9.27; n = 752 female) participated in a survey distributed between February 24 and March 15, 2020. Participants completed measures of anxiety sensitivity, disgust propensity and sensitivity, and fear of contracting COVID-19. Results support a moderating relationship between both disgust propensity and sensitivity in the relationship between physical concerns associated with anxiety sensitivity and fear of contracting COVID-19. These results lend support for individual variation in the activation of the BIS. Recommendations for public education to target individuals who may experience mental health consequences from pandemics are provided.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Asco , Medo/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Sensação , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Anxiety Disord ; 73: 102233, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32442880

RESUMO

The COVID-19 public health crisis has led to extensive recommendations by officials to contain its spread. Anxiety regarding contracting the virus is prominent in the public. Specific routes to anxiety over disease contraction are under studied. It is expected that a contributory feature of fear of contracting COVID-19 involve disgust propensity and sensitivity, emotional reactions that are part of a broader behavioral immune system (BIS). A total of N = 908 Chinese adults (mean age = 40.37 years, SD = 9.27; n = 752 female) participated in a survey distributed between February 24 and March 15, 2020. Participants completed measures of anxiety sensitivity, disgust propensity and sensitivity, and fear of contracting COVID-19. Results support a moderating relationship between both disgust propensity and sensitivity in the relationship between physical concerns associated with anxiety sensitivity and fear of contracting COVID-19. These results lend support for individual variation in the activation of the BIS. Recommendations for public education to target individuals who may experience mental health consequences from pandemics are provided.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Asco , Medo/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Sensação , Adulto Jovem
15.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 627, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the accelerated ageing of the population in China, the health problems of elderly people have attracted much attention. Although religious belief has been shown to be a key way to improve the health of elderly people in various studies, little is known about the causal relationship between these variables in China. This paper explores the effect of religious belief on the health of elderly people in China, which will provide an important reference for China to achieve healthy ageing. METHODS: Balanced panel data collected between 2012 and 2016 from the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) were used. Health was assessed using self-rated health, and religious belief was measured by whether the respondents believed in a religion. The DID+PSM method was employed to solve the endogeneity problem caused by self-selection and omitted variables. In addition, the CESD score (replacing self-rated health) and different matching methods (the method of PSM after DID method) were used to perform the robustness test. RESULTS: The results show that religious belief has no significant effect on the health of elderly people. With the application of different matching methods (one-to-one matching, K-nearest neighbour matching, radius matching and kernel matching) and replacing the health indicator (the CESD score) with the above matching methods, the results are still robust. CONCLUSION: In China, religious belief plays a limited role in promoting "healthy ageing", and it is difficult to improve the health of elderly people only via religious belief. Therefore, except for focusing on the guidance of religion with regard to healthy lifestyles, multiple measures need to be taken to improve the health of elderly people.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Envelhecimento Saudável/psicologia , Religião e Psicologia , Religião , Idoso , China , Feminino , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Masculino
16.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 720, 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diet-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (KABs) are important for building healthier dietary patterns. We conducted this study to (a) investigate diet conditions of Chinese adult residents from the perspective of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors, and (b) assess the association between diet-related KABs and self-rated health. METHODS: We analyzed the 2015 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) data. Individuals aged 18 years and older were included as study subjects (n = 12,814), assessing their diet-related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and self-rated health. Comparison of diet-related KABs in urban and rural residents was conducted using chi-square test. Ordinal logistic regression analysis was adopted to examine the association between diet-related KABs and self-rated health. RESULTS: The proportion of knowing about the Chinese Food Pagoda (CFP) or the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (DGCR) was 27.1%. 34.3% of the participants were assessed as having adequate dietary knowledge literacy. 24.3% reported a positive attitude towards healthy eating. 27.6 and 65.9% of the participants reported proactively looking for nutrition knowledge and preferring eating fruits & vegetables, respectively. Chi-square test indicated that rural people experienced poorer diet-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors than urban residents (all p-values < 0.01). Regression analysis revealed that participants who knew about CFP/DGCR (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.08-1.15), had adequate dietary knowledge literacy (OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.10-1.15), held positive attitude towards healthy eating (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.09-1.19), proactively looked for nutrition knowledge (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.08-1.15), and preferred eating fruits & vegetables (OR = 1.09, 95% CI = 1.07-1.12) had significantly better self-rated health. CONCLUSIONS: Chinese adult residents experienced poor diet-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Rural people had significantly worse diet conditions than urban residents. Better diet-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors were associated with higher self-rated health in Chinese adult residents.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Política Nutricional , Inquéritos Nutricionais , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Psychiatry Res ; 288: 112992, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-46087

RESUMO

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that the Corona Virus (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic. This study aimed to investigate the psychological symptoms of ordinary Chinese citizens during the Level I Emergency Response throughout China. From January 31 to February 2 2020, an online questionnaire, Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) was designed, and differences in GSI T-scores among subgroups were examined by ANOVA. Based on a cut-off point of the GSI T-scores of 63, the overall sample was divided into high and low-risk groups. of the 1,060 participants investigated in China, more than 70% of them have moderate and higher level of psychological symptoms specifically elevated scores for obsessive compulsion, interpersonal sensitivity, phobic anxiety, and psychoticism. There were no significant differences between males and females. Those who were of over 50 years old, had an undergraduate education and below, were divorced or widowed, and agricultural workers had significantly more symptoms. However, significantly more minors and medical staff were in the high-risk group. These results show that COVID-19 has a significant adverse socio-psychological influence on ordinary citizens. Therefore, governments should equip psychological health departments and pay attention to the people who are in high-risk groups, providing psychological interventions and assistance.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emergências , Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Emergências/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Psychiatry Res ; 288: 112992, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302816

RESUMO

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that the Corona Virus (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic. This study aimed to investigate the psychological symptoms of ordinary Chinese citizens during the Level I Emergency Response throughout China. From January 31 to February 2 2020, an online questionnaire, Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) was designed, and differences in GSI T-scores among subgroups were examined by ANOVA. Based on a cut-off point of the GSI T-scores of 63, the overall sample was divided into high and low-risk groups. of the 1,060 participants investigated in China, more than 70% of them have moderate and higher level of psychological symptoms specifically elevated scores for obsessive compulsion, interpersonal sensitivity, phobic anxiety, and psychoticism. There were no significant differences between males and females. Those who were of over 50 years old, had an undergraduate education and below, were divorced or widowed, and agricultural workers had significantly more symptoms. However, significantly more minors and medical staff were in the high-risk group. These results show that COVID-19 has a significant adverse socio-psychological influence on ordinary citizens. Therefore, governments should equip psychological health departments and pay attention to the people who are in high-risk groups, providing psychological interventions and assistance.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emergências , Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Emergências/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32325783

RESUMO

: Objective: To determine the characteristics of members of online diabetes communities as well as those factors affecting the provision and acceptance of social support. Methods: A cross-sectional STAR questionnaire survey was conducted among patients with diabetes who were members of online diabetes groups. Univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis were adopted to explore the relative analysis of providing and accepting social support compared with the characteristics of members in virtual diabetics' groups. Results: A total of 1297 respondents were collected. The map distribution of patients in China was mainly located in the Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, Henan, and Hebei provinces. As for their demographic characteristics, respondents had diabetes or prediabetes and were between the ages of 21 and 50 years (Median age was 35.0 (interquartile range from 28.0 to 44.0)). Most respondents were married and lived in cities. The education level of patients was mainly distributed throughout junior high, technical secondary, high school, junior college, and undergraduate levels. Age, marital status, and education level varied by gender, and the total score of the patients aged 41 to 50 for social support had a statistical significance between male and female. In addition, when group members were in junior high school or below, or were undergraduate students, their total social support scores varied by gender. Binary logistic regression showed that in 21 independent variables the total score and the total score grade of relationship intensity in the online group and reorganize of age were significant. The patients' social support acceptance of the map of respondents score grading of relationship intensity in the online group was 5.420 times higher than that of the lower score grading of relationship intensity in the group. At the same time, the patients' social support acceptance of the patients at the age of less than or equal to 31 years old was 19.608 times higher than that of group members aged more than 31 years old. Conclusion: Age and education background of the patients affects scores of social supports between males and females. The higher the total score and the score grade of relationship intensity in the online group, the higher the patients' social support acceptance. The younger patients had a better utilization of social support.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Diabetes Mellitus/etnologia , Apoio Social , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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