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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 2912-2922, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467681

RESUMO

The dried fruit body of Phylloporia ribis(Hymenochaetaceae), which prefers to live on the stumps of Lonicera japonica(Caprifoliaceae), has a variety of activities, whereas its pharmacodynamic material basis is not completely clear and there are few reports on its quality control and evaluation. In this study, an UPLC-Q-TOF-MS method was used to analyze the nucleosides and nucleobases in P. ribis and a HPLC method was established for simultaneous determination of 10 nucleosides and nucleobases. MS and MS/MS data were acquired in positive ion mode. Based on the data comparison of the sample and the reference substance, the literature data and the compound databases of ChemSpider and PubChem, 18 nucleosides and nucleobases were identified qualitatively from the water extract of P. ribis for the first time. After optimization, the HPLC was performed using a Welch Ultimate AQ C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 µm) by gradient elution with acetonitrile and water as mobile phase, the flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1), the detection wavelength of 260 nm, and the column temperature of 30 ℃. Through the investigation of the extraction method, solvent and time, it was determined that the test solution should be obtained by cold water extraction for 18 h. At the present HPLC conditions, 10 components of uracil, cytidine, hypoxanthine, uridine, thymine, inosine, guanosine, 2'-deoxyinosine, 2'-deoxyguanosine and thymidine could be well separated(R > 1.5) and showed good linearity(r > 0.999 9) in the concentration ranges of 0.247-24.7, 0.283-28.3, 0.273-27.3, 0.256-25.6, 0.257-25.7, 0.318-31.8, 0.245-24.5, 0.267-26.7, 0.250-25.0 and 0.267-26.7 mg·L~(-1), respectively. The average reco-veries of 10 components were 95.78%-104.5%, and the RSDs were 2.2%-5.2%(n=6). The contents of 10 nucleosides and nucleobases in different samples of P. ribis varied greatly, which were 0.021-0.122, 0.004-0.029, 0.014-0.226, 0.009-0.442, 0.003-0.014, 0.002-0.146, 0.007-0.098, 0-0.054, 0.005-0.069, 0.004-0.081 and 0.072-1.28 mg·g~(-1) for uracil, cytidine, hypoxanthine, uridine, thymine, inosine, guanosine, 2'-deoxyinosine, 2'-deoxyguanosine, thymidine and total 10 components, respectively. These results demonstrated that the components had significant differences in the internal quality, and good quality control was needed to ensure the medical efficacy. This study provides a scientific basis for the discovery of pharmacodynamic ingredients, quality control and evaluation of P. ribis.


Assuntos
Nucleosídeos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Basidiomycota , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Guanosina
2.
Analyst ; 146(19): 5866-5872, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570847

RESUMO

DNA-tuned dye assemblies have received considerable attention toward developing various devices. Owing to easy conformation implementation, G-quadruplexes (G4s) have been extensively used as initiators to grow dye assemblies with controllable chiralities. However, programmed chirality regulation of dye assemblies for a given G4 sequence has not been realized in a straightforward manner. In this work, we replaced a middle guanine in the G-tracts of a human telomeric G4 with an apurinic site (AP site) to meet the programmed dye assemblies. Although all of the AP site replacements altered the G4 conformation from the hybrid to the antiparallel folding, the handedness of pinacyanol (PIN) assemblies grown on the AP site-containing G4 was programmably regulated. The G4 with the AP site at the 5'-most G-tract grew right-handed assemblies, while that with the AP site at the 3'-most G-tract grew left-handed assemblies. The handedness of assemblies almost totally mirrored each other within 450-700 nm. Interestingly, we found that the AP site provided a specific binding site for guanosine and guanine, and this binding event sensitively broke the chiral assemblies. Thus, dye assembly-based sensors can be easily established based on the chiral responses with a high selectivity and sensitivity. Our work first demonstrates the AP site programmed chirality regulation of G4-grown dye assemblies and will find wide application in chiral devices.


Assuntos
Quadruplex G , DNA , Guanina , Guanosina , Humanos , Telômero
3.
J Chem Phys ; 155(9): 094305, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496579

RESUMO

DNA strands are polymeric ligands that both protect and tune molecular-sized silver cluster chromophores. We studied single-stranded DNA C4AC4TC3XT4 with X = guanosine and inosine that form a green fluorescent Ag10 6+ cluster, but these two hosts are distinguished by their binding sites and the brightness of their Ag10 6+ adducts. The nucleobase subunits in these oligomers collectively coordinate this cluster, and fs time-resolved infrared spectra previously identified one point of contact between the C2-NH2 of the X = guanosine, an interaction that is precluded for inosine. Furthermore, this single nucleobase controls the cluster fluorescence as the X = guanosine complex is ∼2.5× dimmer. We discuss the electronic relaxation in these two complexes using transient absorption spectroscopy in the time window 200 fs-400 µs. Three prominent features emerged: a ground state bleach, an excited state absorption, and a stimulated emission. Stimulated emission at the earliest delay time (200 fs) suggests that the emissive state is populated promptly following photoexcitation. Concurrently, the excited state decays and the ground state recovers, and these changes are ∼2× faster for the X = guanosine compared to the X = inosine cluster, paralleling their brightness difference. In contrast to similar radiative decay rates, the nonradiative decay rate is 7× higher with the X = guanosine vs inosine strand. A minor decay channel via a dark state is discussed. The possible correlation between the nonradiative decay and selective coordination with the X = guanosine/inosine suggests that specific nucleobase subunits within a DNA strand can modulate cluster-ligand interactions and, in turn, cluster brightness.


Assuntos
DNA de Cadeia Simples/química , Guanosina/química , Inosina/química , Prata/química , Sítios de Ligação , Fluorescência
4.
Methods Enzymol ; 658: 25-47, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517949

RESUMO

Precise and reliable mapping of modified nucleotides in RNA is a challenging task in epitranscriptomics analysis. Only deep sequencing-based methods are able to provide both, a single-nucleotide resolution and sufficient selectivity and sensitivity. A number of protocols employing specific chemical reagents to distinguish modified RNA nucleotides from canonical parental residues have already proven their performance. We developed a deep-sequencing analytical pipeline for simultaneous detection of several modified nucleotides of different nature (methylation, hydroxylation, reduction) in RNA. The AlkAniline-Seq protocol uses intrinsic fragility of the N-glycosidic bond present in certain modified residues (7-methylguanosine (m7G), 3-methylcytidine (m3C), dihydrouridine (D) and 5-hydroxycytidine (ho5C)) to induce cleavage under heat combined with alkaline conditions. The resulting RNA abasic site is decomposed by aniline-driven ß-elimination and creates a 5'-phosphate (5'-P) at the adjacent N+1 residue. This 5'-P is the crucial entry point for a highly selective ligation of sequencing adapters during the subsequent Illumina library preparation protocol. AlkAniline-Seq protocol has a very low background, and is both highly sensitive and specific. Applications of AlkAniline-Seq include mapping of m7G, m3C, D, and ho5C in variety of cellular RNAs, including in particular rRNAs and tRNAs.


Assuntos
Citidina , Guanosina , Citidina/análogos & derivados , Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , RNA/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA
5.
Psychopharmacology (Berl) ; 238(9): 2555-2568, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342672

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Guanosine has been shown to potentiate ketamine's antidepressant-like actions, although its ability to augment the anxiolytic effect of ketamine remains to be determined. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the anxiolytic-like effects of a single administration with low doses of ketamine and/or guanosine in mice subjected to chronic administration of corticosterone and the role of NLRP3-driven signaling. METHODS: Corticosterone (20 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered for 21 days, followed by a single administration of ketamine (0.1 mg/kg, i.p.), guanosine (0.01 mg/kg, p.o.), or ketamine (0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) plus guanosine (0.01 mg/kg, p.o.). Anxiety-like behavior and NLRP3-related targets were analyzed 24 h following treatments. RESULTS: Corticosterone reduced the time spent in the open arms and the central zone in the elevated plus-maze test and open-field test, respectively. Corticosterone raised the number of unsupported rearings and the number and time of grooming, and decreased the latency to start grooming in the open-field test. Disturbances in regional distribution (increased rostral grooming) and grooming transitions (increased aborted and total incorrect transitions) were detected in corticosterone-treated mice. These behavioral alterations were accompanied by increased immunocontent of Iba-1, ASC, NLRP3, caspase-1, TXNIP, and IL-1ß in the hippocampus, but not in the prefrontal cortex. The treatments with ketamine, guanosine, and ketamine plus guanosine were effective to counteract corticosterone-induced anxiety-like phenotype, but not disturbances in the hippocampal NLRP3 pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides novel evidence that low doses of ketamine and/or guanosine reverse corticosterone-induced anxiety-like behavior and shows that the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway is likely unrelated to this response.


Assuntos
Ketamina , Animais , Ansiedade/induzido quimicamente , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Comportamento Animal , Corticosterona , Depressão , Guanosina , Hipocampo , Inflamassomos , Ketamina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR
6.
Mol Cell ; 81(16): 3339-3355.e8, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352206

RESUMO

Cancer cells selectively promote translation of specific oncogenic transcripts to facilitate cancer survival and progression, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we find that N7-methylguanosine (m7G) tRNA modification and its methyltransferase complex components, METTL1 and WDR4, are significantly upregulated in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and associated with poor prognosis. We further reveal the critical role of METTL1/WDR4 in promoting ICC cell survival and progression using loss- and gain-of-function assays in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, m7G tRNA modification selectively regulates the translation of oncogenic transcripts, including cell-cycle and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway genes, in m7G-tRNA-decoded codon-frequency-dependent mechanisms. Moreover, using overexpression and knockout mouse models, we demonstrate the crucial oncogenic function of Mettl1-mediated m7G tRNA modification in promoting ICC tumorigenesis and progression in vivo. Our study uncovers the important physiological function and mechanism of METTL1-mediated m7G tRNA modification in the regulation of oncogenic mRNA translation and cancer progression.


Assuntos
Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Metiltransferases/genética , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Animais , Carcinogênese/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Receptores ErbB/genética , Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Guanosina/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética
7.
Mol Cell ; 81(16): 3323-3338.e14, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352207

RESUMO

The emerging "epitranscriptomics" field is providing insights into the biological and pathological roles of different RNA modifications. The RNA methyltransferase METTL1 catalyzes N7-methylguanosine (m7G) modification of tRNAs. Here we find METTL1 is frequently amplified and overexpressed in cancers and is associated with poor patient survival. METTL1 depletion causes decreased abundance of m7G-modified tRNAs and altered cell cycle and inhibits oncogenicity. Conversely, METTL1 overexpression induces oncogenic cell transformation and cancer. Mechanistically, we find increased abundance of m7G-modified tRNAs, in particular Arg-TCT-4-1, and increased translation of mRNAs, including cell cycle regulators that are enriched in the corresponding AGA codon. Accordingly, Arg-TCT expression is elevated in many tumor types and is associated with patient survival, and strikingly, overexpression of this individual tRNA induces oncogenic transformation. Thus, METTL1-mediated tRNA modification drives oncogenic transformation through a remodeling of the mRNA "translatome" to increase expression of growth-promoting proteins and represents a promising anti-cancer target.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Metiltransferases/genética , Neoplasias/genética , tRNA Metiltransferases/genética , Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Guanosina/genética , Humanos , Metilação , Neoplasias/patologia , Oncogenes/genética , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética
8.
Nat Cell Biol ; 23(7): 684-691, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253897

RESUMO

Members of the mammalian AlkB family are known to mediate nucleic acid demethylation1,2. ALKBH7, a mammalian AlkB homologue, localizes in mitochondria and affects metabolism3, but its function and mechanism of action are unknown. Here we report an approach to site-specifically detect N1-methyladenosine (m1A), N3-methylcytidine (m3C), N1-methylguanosine (m1G) and N2,N2-dimethylguanosine (m22G) modifications simultaneously within all cellular RNAs, and discovered that human ALKBH7 demethylates m22G and m1A within mitochondrial Ile and Leu1 pre-tRNA regions, respectively, in nascent polycistronic mitochondrial RNA4-6. We further show that ALKBH7 regulates the processing and structural dynamics of polycistronic mitochondrial RNAs. Depletion of ALKBH7 leads to increased polycistronic mitochondrial RNA processing, reduced steady-state mitochondria-encoded tRNA levels and protein translation, and notably decreased mitochondrial activity. Thus, we identify ALKBH7 as an RNA demethylase that controls nascent mitochondrial RNA processing and mitochondrial activity.


Assuntos
Enzimas AlkB/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/enzimologia , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA , RNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/metabolismo , Enzimas AlkB/genética , Citidina/análogos & derivados , Citidina/metabolismo , Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Guanosina/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Biossíntese de Proteínas , RNA Mitocondrial/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo
9.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(14): 8247-8260, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244755

RESUMO

Transfer RNAs (tRNAs) are key players in protein synthesis. To be fully active, tRNAs undergo extensive post-transcriptional modifications, including queuosine (Q), a hypermodified 7-deaza-guanosine present in the anticodon of several tRNAs in bacteria and eukarya. Here, molecular and biochemical approaches revealed that in the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, Q-containing tRNAs have a preference for the U-ending codons for asparagine, aspartate, tyrosine and histidine, analogous to what has been described in other systems. However, since a lack of tRNA genes in T. brucei mitochondria makes it essential to import a complete set from the cytoplasm, we surprisingly found that Q-modified tRNAs are preferentially imported over their unmodified counterparts. In turn, their absence from mitochondria has a pronounced effect on organellar translation and affects function. Although Q modification in T. brucei is globally important for codon selection, it is more so for mitochondrial protein synthesis. These results provide a unique example of the combined regulatory effect of codon usage and wobble modifications on protein synthesis; all driven by tRNA intracellular transport dynamics.


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias/genética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Nucleosídeo Q/genética , RNA de Transferência/genética , Anticódon/genética , Núcleo Celular/genética , Núcleo Celular/ultraestrutura , Códon/genética , Citoplasma/genética , Citoplasma/ultraestrutura , Guanosina/genética , Biossíntese de Proteínas/genética , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA/genética , RNA de Transferência/ultraestrutura , Trypanosoma brucei brucei/genética
10.
J Org Chem ; 86(15): 9970-9978, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279932

RESUMO

The hierarchical self-assembly of various lipophilic guanosines exposing either a phenyl or a ferrocenyl group in the C(8) position was investigated. In a solution, all the derivatives were found to self-assemble primarily into isolated guanine (G)-quartets. In spite of the apparent similar bulkiness of the two substituents, most of the derivatives form disordered structures in the solid state, whereas a specific 8-phenyl derivative self-assembles into an unprecedented, cation-free stacked G-quartet architecture.


Assuntos
Quadruplex G , Cátions , Guanina , Guanosina
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298953

RESUMO

A novel siphovirus, vB_PagS_MED16 (MED16) was isolated in Lithuania using Pantoea agglomerans strain BSL for the phage propagation. The double-stranded DNA genome of MED16 (46,103 bp) contains 73 predicted open reading frames (ORFs) encoding proteins, but no tRNA. Our comparative sequence analysis revealed that 26 of these ORFs code for unique proteins that have no reliable identity when compared to database entries. Based on phylogenetic analysis, MED16 represents a new genus with siphovirus morphology. In total, 35 MED16 ORFs were given a putative functional annotation, including those coding for the proteins responsible for virion morphogenesis, phage-host interactions, and DNA metabolism. In addition, a gene encoding a preQ0 DNA deoxyribosyltransferase (DpdA) is present in the genome of MED16 and the LC-MS/MS analysis indicates 2'-deoxy-7-amido-7-deazaguanosine (dADG)-modified phage DNA, which, to our knowledge, has never been experimentally validated in genomes of Pantoea phages. Thus, the data presented in this study provide new information on Pantoea-infecting viruses and offer novel insights into the diversity of DNA modifications in bacteriophages.


Assuntos
DNA Viral , Genoma Viral , Guanosina , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Pantoea/virologia , Siphoviridae , Proteínas Virais , DNA Viral/genética , DNA Viral/metabolismo , Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Guanosina/química , Guanosina/metabolismo , Siphoviridae/genética , Siphoviridae/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
12.
Anal Chem ; 93(31): 10825-10833, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324303

RESUMO

DNA/RNA synthesis precursors are especially vulnerable to damage induced by reactive oxygen species occurring following oxidative stress. Guanosine triphosphates are the prevalent oxidized nucleotides, which can be misincorporated during replication, leading to mutations and cell death. Here, we present a novel method based on micro-Raman spectroscopy, combined with ab initio calculations, for the identification, detection, and quantification of oxidized nucleotides at low concentration. We also show that the Raman signature in the terahertz spectral range (<100 cm-1) contains information on the intermolecular assembly of guanine in tetrads, which allows us to further boost the oxidative damage detection limit. Eventually, we provide evidence that similar analyses can be carried out on samples in very small volumes at very low concentrations by exploiting the high sensitivity of surface-enhanced Raman scattering combined with properly designed superhydrophobic substrates. These results pave the way for employing such advanced spectroscopic methods for quantitatively sensing the oxidative damage of nucleotides in the cell.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos , Análise Espectral Raman , Guanosina , Nucleotídeos , Estresse Oxidativo
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199004

RESUMO

Guanosine (Guo) is a nucleotide metabolite that acts as a potent neuromodulator with neurotrophic and regenerative properties in neurological disorders. Under brain ischemia or trauma, Guo is released to the extracellular milieu and its concentration substantially raises. In vitro studies on brain tissue slices or cell lines subjected to ischemic conditions demonstrated that Guo counteracts destructive events that occur during ischemic conditions, e.g., glutaminergic excitotoxicity, reactive oxygen and nitrogen species production. Moreover, Guo mitigates neuroinflammation and regulates post-translational processing. Guo asserts its neuroprotective effects via interplay with adenosine receptors, potassium channels, and excitatory amino acid transporters. Subsequently, guanosine activates several prosurvival molecular pathways including PI3K/Akt (PI3K) and MEK/ERK. Due to systemic degradation, the half-life of exogenous Guo is relatively low, thus creating difficulty regarding adequate exogenous Guo distribution. Nevertheless, in vivo studies performed on ischemic stroke rodent models provide promising results presenting a sustained decrease in infarct volume, improved neurological outcome, decrease in proinflammatory events, and stimulation of neuroregeneration through the release of neurotrophic factors. In this comprehensive review, we discuss molecular signaling related to Guo protection against brain ischemia. We present recent advances, limitations, and prospects in exogenous guanosine therapy in the context of ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Guanosina/farmacologia , AVC Isquêmico/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Sistema Nervoso Central/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Gerenciamento Clínico , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Humanos , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , AVC Isquêmico/etiologia , AVC Isquêmico/patologia , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
14.
Mol Cell Biol ; 41(9): e0030321, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228493

RESUMO

Germline mutations in the mismatch repair (MMR) genes MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, and PMS2 are linked to cancer of the colon and other organs, characterized by microsatellite instability and a large increase in mutation frequency. Unexpectedly, mutations in EXO1, encoding the only exonuclease genetically implicated in MMR, are not linked to familial cancer and cause a substantially weaker mutator phenotype. This difference could be explained if eukaryotic cells possessed additional exonucleases redundant with EXO1. Analysis of the MLH1 interactome identified FANCD2-associated nuclease 1 (FAN1), a novel enzyme with biochemical properties resembling EXO1. We now show that FAN1 efficiently substitutes for EXO1 in MMR assays and that this functional complementation is modulated by its interaction with MLH1. FAN1 also contributes to MMR in vivo; cells lacking both EXO1 and FAN1 have an MMR defect and display resistance to N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) and 6-thioguanine (TG). Moreover, FAN1 loss amplifies the mutational profile of EXO1-deficient cells, suggesting that the two nucleases act redundantly in the same antimutagenic pathway. However, the increased drug resistance and mutator phenotype of FAN1/EXO1-deficient cells are less prominent than those seen in cells lacking MSH6 or MLH1. Eukaryotic cells thus apparently possess additional mechanisms that compensate for the loss of EXO1.


Assuntos
Proteínas Aviárias/metabolismo , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Endodesoxirribonucleases/metabolismo , Exodesoxirribonucleases/metabolismo , Enzimas Multifuncionais/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular , Galinhas , Endodesoxirribonucleases/química , Exodesoxirribonucleases/química , Exodesoxirribonucleases/deficiência , Exodesoxirribonucleases/genética , Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Metilnitronitrosoguanidina , Enzimas Multifuncionais/química , Mutação/genética , Tionucleosídeos
15.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207872

RESUMO

Five new compounds including three pairs of enantiomeric xanthine analogues, parvaxanthines D-F (1-3), two new guanosine derivatives, asponguanosines C and D (6 and 7), along with two known adenine derivatives were isolated from the insect Cyclopelta parva. Racemic 1-3 were further separated by chiral HPLC. Their absolute configurations were assigned by spectroscopic and computational methods. It is interesting that all of these isolates are natural product hybrids. Antiviral, immunosuppressive, antitumor and anti-inflammatory properties of all the isolates were evaluated.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Guanosina/química , Insetos/química , Xantinas/química , Animais , Produtos Biológicos/química , Células Cultivadas , Chlorocebus aethiops , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estrutura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo
16.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 413(19): 4855-4863, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110440

RESUMO

Acyclic guanosine analogues, a class of widely used antiviral drugs, can cause chronic toxicity and virus resistance. Therefore, it is essential to establish rapid and accurate methods to detect acyclic guanosine analogues. In this study, five acyclic guanosine analogues (acyclovir, famciclovir, ganciclovir, penciclovir, and valaciclovir) were used as positive targets to obtain broad-spectrum aptamers through Capture-SELEX technology. Real-time quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) was used to monitor the aptamer SELEX process. After the sixteen rounds of selection against mixed targets, sequences were obtained by high-throughput sequencing (HTS). Furthermore, a broad-spectrum aptamer, named CIV6, was found as the higher performance aptamer that was suitable for five acyclic guanosine analogues by graphene oxide (GO) polarization and fluorescence assay. Finally, the aptamer CIV6 was used to construct GO fluorescence assay to detect five acyclic guanosine analogues. The limits of detection (LOD) of acyclovir, famciclovir, ganciclovir, penciclovir, and valaciclovir were 0.48 ng·mL-1, 0.53 ng·mL-1, 0.50 ng·mL-1, 0.56 ng·mL-1, and 0.38 ng·mL-1, respectively.


Assuntos
Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Técnica de Seleção de Aptâmeros/métodos , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , DNA de Cadeia Simples , Biblioteca Gênica , Guanosina/química , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2298: 77-95, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085239

RESUMO

Epitranscriptomics is an emerging field where the development of high-throughput analytical technologies is essential to profile the dynamics of RNA modifications under different conditions. Despite important advances during the last 10 years, the number of RNA modifications detectable by next-generation sequencing is restricted to a very limited subset. Here, we describe a highly efficient and fast method called AlkAniline-Seq to map simultaneously two different RNA modifications: 7-methyl-guanosine (m7G) and 3-methyl-cytosine (m3C) in RNA. Our protocol is based on three subsequent chemical/enzymatic steps allowing the enrichment of RNA fragments ending at position n + 1 to the modified nucleotide, without any prior RNA selection. Therefore, AlkAniline-Seq demonstrates an outstanding sensitivity and specificity for these two RNA modifications. We have validated AlkAniline-Seq using bacterial, yeast, and human total RNA, and here we present, as an example, a synthetic view of the complete profiling of these RNA modifications in S. cerevisiae tRNAs.


Assuntos
Citosina/análogos & derivados , Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , RNA/genética , Linhagem Celular , Citosina/metabolismo , Guanosina/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Metilação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos
18.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2298: 97-104, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085240

RESUMO

m7G-seq detects internal 7-methylguanosine (m7G) sites within mRNAs and noncoding RNAs by misincorporation signatures. A chemical-assisted sequencing approach selectively converts internal m7G sites into abasic sites, triggering misincorporation at these sites in the presence of a specific reverse transcriptase. The further enrichment of m7G-induced abasic sites by biotin pull-down reveals hundreds of internal m7G sites in human mRNA. The misincorporation ratio before pull-down enrichment can be used for estimating the methylation fraction of some highly methylated m7G sites.


Assuntos
Guanosina/análogos & derivados , Transcriptoma/genética , Guanosina/genética , Humanos , Metilação , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética
19.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2298: 247-259, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085250

RESUMO

The recent discovery of reversible chemical modifications on mRNA has opened a new era of post-transcriptional gene regulation in eukaryotes. Among these modifications identified in eukaryotic mRNA, N7-methylguanosine (m7G) is unique owing to its presence in the 5' cap structure. Recently, it has been reported that m7G also exists internally in mRNA. Here, we describe a protocol of combining differential enzymatic digestion with liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) analysis to detect internal m7G modification in mRNA. This protocol can also be used to quantify the level of m7G at both the 5' cap and internal positions of mRNA.


Assuntos
Guanosina/análogos & derivados , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Eucariotos/genética , Guanosina/genética , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Metilação , Interferência de RNA/fisiologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
20.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 172: 350-357, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166769

RESUMO

Among markers for oxidative stress urinary excretion 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGuo) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-guanosine (8-oxoGuo) have been widely used in controlled and epidemiological studies, and are considered to represent intracellular markers of oxidation of DNA and RNA in the entire organism, respectively. Although being non-invasive, urinary methods have shortcomings. There is no established method for analysis of 8-oxodGuo and 8-oxoGuo in plasma and the few plasma values presented in the literature vary greatly. We here present a liquid chromatography mass spectrometry method with full validation for analysis of 8-oxodGuo and 8-oxoGuo in plasma. Further, we investigated the basis for our previously physiological model and show that a single plasma sample can be used to estimate the 24-h production of 8-oxoGuo, whereas we challenge the use of urinary 8-oxodGuo/creatinine ratio or plasma 8-oxodGuo as measures of oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Desoxiguanosina , Guanosina , 8-Hidroxi-2'-Desoxiguanosina , Biomarcadores , Cromatografia Líquida , Estresse Oxidativo
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