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2.
Psychiatr Pol ; 54(3): 421-436, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038878

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 poses a particular risk to the elderly and people with many comorbidities. In the case of people with dementia, the compliance with sanitary recommendations and the necessary physical isolation can have far-reaching negative consequences in terms of limiting the continuation of tailored care, support and treatment. The recommendations related to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic must take into account not only the medical consequences of lack of access to medical care, but also their long-term effects and the disease progression in accordance with the concept of social health. A plan of action for the psychoeducation of informal carers, adapted to the elderly group (including people with dementia), is also necessary. Prepared under the auspices of the Polish Psychiatric Association, the recommendations for people living alone, with their family and in long-term care facilities are intended to draw attention to key epidemiological issues that can be planned by medical staff within the organization of patient care. However, mental and social needs of patients, whose fulfilment is particularly significant in times of restrictions related to everyday activities, are of equal importance. Further monitoring of the epidemiological situation and scientific reports related to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic are necessary to verify and update the guidelines.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Demência/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Cuidadores/educação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Polônia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Isolamento Social , Sociedades Médicas
3.
Br J Community Nurs ; 25(Sup10): S12-S16, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030379

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic of 2020 has led to considerable changes in how healthcare is delivered, as it has pushed people to think outside the box technologically. Mobile working is becoming more widespread, useful and valuable in this innovative period in the NHS. Point-of-care (POC) technology encompasses mobile devices and systems that support health professionals in their daily activities of patient care. It allows the user to safely assess and diagnose individuals at the point of care, providing actionable information to allow rapid clinical decision-making. POC technology also has the ability to support and educate patients with health needs, encouraging patients and their carers to assume greater more control of and responsibility over their health. Providing patients individual care plans to maintain their health will help realise the future of self-care. This article describe the development of a mobile app-Juzo Care-designed to enhance the management of chronic oedema and lymphoedema in mobile working settings.


Assuntos
Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária , Edema/enfermagem , Linfedema/enfermagem , Aplicativos Móveis , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Autocuidado , Betacoronavirus , Doença Crônica , Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Medicina Estatal , Reino Unido
4.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 275, 2020 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among several potential transmission sources in the spreading of the COVID-19, dental services have received a high volume of attention. Several reports, papers, guidelines, and suggestions have been released on how this infection could be transmitted through dental services and what should be done. This study aimed to review the guidelines in order to develop a practical feasibility protocol for the re-opening of dental clinics and the reorientation of dental services. METHODS: This study systematically reviewed the published literature and the guidelines of international health care institutions on dentistry and COVID-19. We searched Pubmed, Web of Science, and SCOPUS electronic databases using MESH terms. The recommendations identified were tested with a convenience sample of experienced practitioners, and a practical step-by-step protocol is presented in this paper. RESULTS: To the date this paper was drafted, 38 articles were found, of which 9 satisfied our inclusion criteria. As all the nine studies were proposed in a general consensus, any elective non-emergency dental care for patients with suspected or known COVID-19 should be postponed for at least 2 weeks during the COVID-19 pandemic. Only urgent treatment of dental diseases can be performed during the COVID-19 outbreak taking into consideration pharmacological management as the first line and contagion-reduced minimally invasive emergency treatment as the secondary and final management. CONCLUSIONS: While the currently available evidence has not demonstrated a clear and direct relationship between dental treatment or surgery and the possibility of the transmission of COVID-19, there is clearly the potential for transmission. Therefore, following the protective protocols in the COVID-19 crisis is of utmost importance in a dental setting.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Odontologia/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
5.
Z Gastroenterol ; 58(10): 982-1002, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036052

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic is a global outbreak of new onset infections with the SARS-CoV-2 virus. To date, more than 3.4 million people have been infected throughout the world. In Germany, approximately 450,000 patients suffer from inflammatory bowel disease; these patients generally require continuous expert care and support. Against the background of a rapidly accumulating knowledge base on SARS-CoV-2, 68 expert authors of the current DGVS guidelines for Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis took part in a virtual meeting to compile up-to-date, practice-orientated recommendations aimed at improving the care of patients with IBD. These recommendations address the risk of infection, including the risk for specific patient groups, the possible course of the disease, and consequences for pharmacological and surgical therapies of the underlying disease, as well as general measures for infection prevention and adjuvant prophylactic and therapeutic options.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Infecções por Coronavirus , Doença de Crohn , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Pneumonia Viral , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Betacoronavirus , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Colite Ulcerativa/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/terapia , Alemanha , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
6.
G Ital Nefrol ; 37(5)2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026198

RESUMO

We report the brief experience of the Nephrology Center located in a "no-COVID" Hospital in Massa Marittima. We describe the actions taken to prevent the transmission of the virus SARS-CoV-2 among hemodialysis patients and healthcare workers and the methods for diagnosing COVID-19, with particular attention to serological tests and nasopharyngeal swabs in asymptomatic subjects. The detection of IgM and IgG antibodies through the serological test performed on 34 patients, all negative for nasopharyngeal swabs, showed positivity in 41,18% of cases. These have been classified as false positives following repeated negative nasopharyngeal swabs, the evaluation of clinical and epidemiological history and of clinical manifestations and, finally, a second serological test performed after 18 days, which resulted negative for all patients. Interpreting serological tests is not easy; the strategies for diagnosis should include clinical and epidemiological history and clinical manifestations, as well as the results of confirmation tests and the evaluation over a precise observation period. Otherwise, there is a risk of considering as protected by antibodies subjects that are in fact false positives.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Unidades Hospitalares de Hemodiálise/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Assintomáticas , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nasofaringe/virologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
G Ital Nefrol ; 37(5)2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026201

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 is an infectious respiratory syndrome caused by the virus called SARS-CoV-2, belonging to the family of coronaviruses. The first ever cases were detected during the 2019-2020 pandemic. Coronaviruses can cause a common cold or more serious diseases such as Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndromes (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). They can cause respiratory, lung and gastrointestinal infections with a mild to severe course, sometimes causing the death of the infected person. This new strain has no previous identifiers and its epidemic potential is strongly associated with the absence of immune response/reactivity and immunological memory in the world population, which has never been in contact with this strain before. Most at risk are the elderly, people with pre-existing diseases and/or immunodepressed, dialyzed and transplanted patients, pregnant women, people with debilitating chronic diseases. They are advised to avoid contacts with other people, unless strictly necessary, and to stay away from crowded places, also observing scrupulously the recommendations of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità. In this article we detail the recommendations that must be followed by the nursing care staff when dealing with chronic kidney disease patients in dialysis or with kidney transplant patients. We delve into the procedures that are absolutely essential in this context: social distancing of at least one meter, use of PPI, proper dressing and undressing procedures, frequent hand washing and use of gloves, and finally the increase of dedicated and appropriately trained health personnel on ward.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Transplante de Rim/enfermagem , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Diálise Renal/enfermagem , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/enfermagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Desinfecção , Desinfecção das Mãos , Humanos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Profissional para o Paciente/prevenção & controle , Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde , Processo de Enfermagem/normas , Registros de Enfermagem , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Isolamento de Pacientes , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Precauções Universais
9.
Ital J Pediatr ; 46(1): 149, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032650

RESUMO

The rapid spread of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy has dramatically impacted the National Healthcare System, causing the sudden congestion of hospitals, especially in Northern Italy, thus imposing drastic restriction of almost all routine medical care. This exceptional adaptation of the Italian National Healthcare System has also been felt by non-frontline settings such as Pediatric Orthopaedic Units, where the limitation or temporary suspension of most routine care activities met with a need to maintain continuity of care and avoid secondary issues due to the delay or suspension of the routine clinical practice. The Italian Society of Pediatric Orthopaedics and Traumatology formulated general and specific recommendations to face the COVID-19 outbreak, aiming to provide essential care for children needing orthopaedic treatments during the pandemic and early post-peak period, ensure safety of children, caregivers and healthcare providers and limit the spread of contagion.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Ortopedia/normas , Segurança do Paciente , Pediatria/normas , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Traumatologia/normas
10.
Colomb Med (Cali) ; 51(2): e4271, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012886

RESUMO

Coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) is an airways infection caused by the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) which has been quickly disseminated all over the world, affecting to the general population including women in pregnancy time. As being a recent infection, the evidence that supports the best practices for the management of the infection during pregnancy is limited, and most of the questions have not been completely solved yet. This publication offers general guidelines focused on decision-making people, managers, and health's teams related to pregnant women attention and newborn babies during COVID-19 pandemic. Its purpose is to promote useful interventions to prevent new infections as well as prompt and adequate attention to avoid serious complications or deaths, trying to be adapted to the different contexts in which attention to expectant mothers is provided. Guidelines are set within a well-scientific evidence and available recommendations up to date.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/virologia
11.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 44(6): 371-388, ago.-sept. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187189

RESUMO

El 11 de marzo de 2020 el director general de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaró la enfermedad causada por el SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) como una pandemia. La propagación y evolución de la pandemia está poniendo a prueba los sistemas sanitarios de decenas de países y ha dado lugar a una miríada de artículos de opinión, planes de contingencia, series de casos e incipientes ensayos. Abarcar toda esta literatura es complejo. De forma breve y sintética, en la línea de las anteriores recomendaciones de los Grupos de Trabajo, la Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva, Crítica y Unidades Coronarias (SEMICYUC) ha elaborado esta serie de recomendaciones básicas para la asistencia a pacientes en el contexto de la pandemia


On March 11, 2020, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) as a pandemic. The spread and evolution of the pandemic is overwhelming the healthcare systems of dozens of countries and has led to a myriad of opinion papers, contingency plans, case series and emerging trials. Covering all this literature is complex. Briefly and synthetically, in line with the previous recommendations of the Working Groups, the Spanish Society of Intensive, Critical Medicine and Coronary Units (SEMICYUC) has prepared this series of basic recommendations for patient care in the context of the pandemic


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia Viral , Pessoal de Saúde/normas , Transferência de Pacientes/normas , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Espanha/epidemiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Segurança do Paciente , Pandemias , Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração
12.
Pharm. pract. (Granada, Internet) ; 18(3): 0-0, jul.-sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194187

RESUMO

Low back pain (LBP) is a common and costly condition and a leading cause of disabilities across the globe. In Australia and other countries, there has been changes in LBP management guidelines and evidence in recent years, including the use of pharmacotherapy. Inadequately treated LBP is a burden with significant health and economic impacts. Although there is some variability, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have largely replaced paracetamol as the first-choice analgesic for non-specific LBP in many international clinical guidelines, including the current Australian Therapeutic Guidelines. More recent clinical evidence also supports that targeting LBP with the use of NSAIDs can provide superior and more effective relief of LBP symptoms compared with paracetamol. Community pharmacists are one of the most accessible and frequently visited health professionals that offer vital primary healthcare services aimed to provide enhanced clinical outcomes for patients. The position of a community pharmacist is pivotal in LBP assessment and management, from both a pharmacological and non-pharmacological standpoint, including the use of clinical guidelines, yet their roles are often not fully utilized in LBP therapy. Studies investigating the community pharmacist's views, practices, knowledge, and roles, specifically in LBP management in Australia are variable and limited. This narrative review will briefly cover the impacts of LBP, and to provide a summary on recent evidence, updates and a comparison of the Australian and international low back pain management guidelines on paracetamol vs NSAIDs in LBP, as well as pharmacists' roles and interventions in a primary healthcare setting in this context


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Papel Profissional , Farmacêuticos , Dor nas Costas/diagnóstico , Dor nas Costas/tratamento farmacológico , Acetaminofen/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
13.
San Salvador; MINSAL; sept.16, 2020. 12 p. ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1121036

RESUMO

La presente guía se elaboró siguiendo los lineamientos del Manual para la elaboración de guías de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. De forma general, se creó un grupo desarrollador multidisciplinario, compuesto por expertos temáticos, epidemiólogos, metodólogos y pacientes. Con base en la evidencia proveniente de la guía para el uso de uterotónicos para la prevención de hemorragia posparto, se desarrolló una adaptación para el contexto del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud de El Salvador. Se incluyó de evidencia local y la contextualización de sus recomendaciones. Las recomendaciones fueron graduadas en un panel de expertos conformado por profesionales en estadística, enfermería, materno infantil y médicos generales y especialistas en las siguientes áreas: ginecología y obstetricia, perinatología, anestesiología, medicina familiar, economía de la salud, epidemiología, además se incluyó la participación de pacientes siguiendo el enfoque Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE)


This guide was prepared following the guidelines of the Manual for the preparation of guidelines of the World Health Organization. In general, a multidisciplinary development group was created, composed of thematic experts, epidemiologists, methodologists, and patients. Based on the evidence from the guide for the use of uterotonics for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage, an adaptation was developed for the context of the National Integrated Health System of El Salvador. Local evidence and the contextualization of their recommendations were included. The recommendations were graded by a panel of experts made up of professionals in statistics, nursing, maternal and child health, and general practitioners and specialists in the following areas: gynecology and obstetrics, perinatology, anesthesiology, family medicine, health economics, epidemiology, and it was also included patient participation following the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE)


Assuntos
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Obstetrícia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21811, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a disease with a high prevalence and low treatment rate, which poses a serious threat to the lives of patients and brings a heavy economic burden. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) provide vital guidance for disease management. Up to now, different countries, regions, and organizations have issued a certain number of CPGs for osteoporosis, but the recommendations in different guidelines are inconsistent. This protocol plans to evaluate the quality of the CPGs for osteoporosis and then make a comparative analysis of the recommendations in the CPGs. METHODS: Several databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library, as well as the official website of relevant organizations will be searched. Screen and data extraction will be performed by two reviewers independently, and the third reviewer help to resolve the divergence between them. Using the AGREE II instrument and RIGHT checklist to assess the methodological and reporting quality of the CPGs. The extracted recommendations, including but not limited to screening, diagnosis, evaluation and treatment, will be summarized and analyzed, and the results will be presented in tabular form. Bubble charts will be used to show quality differences between CPGs and to describe the correlation between methodological and reporting quality through regression analysis. Excel, EndnoteX9 and SPSS 25.0 will be used. RESULT: To evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the existing CPGs of osteoporosis and analyze the similarities and differences between the recommendations, the results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: This study will provide systematic evidence for existing CPGs of osteoporosis and to provide a reference for CPGs users. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: INPLASY 202070031.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Humanos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
15.
Ultrasound Q ; 36(3): 200-205, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890322

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus can be spread by close person-to-person contact primarily by respiratory droplets. Given the close proximity of the sonographer or sonologist with the patient during ultrasound examinations, special precautions should be taken to limit the exposure of radiology personnel to patients with coronavirus disease 2019 while still providing optimal patient care. Methods covered in this article include modified workflow, close scrutiny and prioritization of imaging orders, and design of targeted ultrasound protocols. These guidelines summarize the personal experience and insight of multiple colleagues who lead ultrasound sections or are experts in the field.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Serviço Hospitalar de Radiologia/normas , Ultrassonografia Doppler/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde do Trabalhador , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
16.
Rev Med Liege ; 75(9): 619-625, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909415

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. Abdominal TB is an uncommon presentation of TB and is challenging to diagnose due to its insidious onset. The most common forms in children are peritonitis and lymphadenitis. Diagnosis is based on radiological and histopathological findings. Specific PCR amplification confirms the diagnosis quicker than conventional cultures. The treatment includes a 6-month therapy and a close follow-up. This article describes the different methods allowing to confirm the diagnosis of abdominal TB.


Assuntos
Peritonite , Tuberculose , Criança , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Radiografia
17.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(705): 1618-1623, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914593

RESUMO

Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) performed by a cardiologist is the first choice for exploring cardiac function and anatomy. Its performance and availability increase the demand for this examination, but this is not always justified. According to criteria published in 2011, the practice of a TTE is classified as appropriate, inappropriate or of uncertain value, depending on the clinical indication. This article explores the frequent indications for which TTE by the cardiologist is considered useful and/or appropriate for patients hospitalized in an internal medicine department.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia/métodos , Medicina Interna/métodos , Hospitalização , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
19.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 28(3): 167-177, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997471

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study evaluates compliance with declared hygienic standards carried out by healthcare professionals in clinical practice within their scope of direct patient care and the maintenance of medical tools and devices in healthcare facilities in the Czech Republic. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire study focused on the standards of safe health care. All 80 addressed healthcare providers were also involved in the 2018 Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) pilot project. Responses were scored on a 6-level scale, from "always" (100 points) to "never" (0 points). The evaluation was performed according to the frequency of responses and the average index (max. 100 points). Data analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 22 (level of significance 1% and 5%). RESULTS: There were statistically processed 2,016 questionnaires (100%). Most respondents stated their job classification as non-medical healthcare professionals (NHP) working at a patient's bedside (73%), physicians (16%), or other NHP (11%). As per their medical specialty, 43% of the respondents practice internal medicine, 28% surgery, 14% psychiatry, 9% long-term inpatient care, and 6% stated other fields of medicine. The lowest declared compliance was registered in the statement "I use a face mask when exposure to air-transmitted pathogens is anticipated" (rating index 80 points). The highest compliance (99.4 points) was registered in the statement: "I discard used sharp materials into sharps containers." CONCLUSION: In the surveyed healthcare facilities within the Czech Republic, overall compliance with hygiene standards is at a good level. Declared differences in compliance with hygiene standards in the selected items of the questionnaire are influenced by multiple factors. Generally, a higher level of compliance is linked to increasing age, years of practice, and a higher level of education. When comparing professional groups, a higher level of compliance with hygiene standards was registered in the NHP group.


Assuntos
Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Transversais , República Tcheca , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Instalações de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
20.
Br J Sports Med ; 54(19): 1157-1161, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878870

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 is the causative virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic. This pandemic has necessitated that all professional and elite sport is either suspended, postponed or cancelled altogether to minimise the risk of viral spread. As infection rates drop and quarantine restrictions are lifted, the question how athletes can safely resume competitive sport is being asked. Given the rapidly evolving knowledge base about the virus and changing governmental and public health recommendations, a precise answer to this question is fraught with complexity and nuance. Without robust data to inform policy, return-to-play (RTP) decisions are especially difficult for elite athletes on the suspicion that the COVID-19 virus could result in significant cardiorespiratory compromise in a minority of afflicted athletes. There are now consistent reports of athletes reporting persistent and residual symptoms many weeks to months after initial COVID-19 infection. These symptoms include cough, tachycardia and extreme fatigue. To support safe RTP, we provide sport and exercise medicine physicians with practical recommendations on how to exclude cardiorespiratory complications of COVID-19 in elite athletes who place high demand on their cardiorespiratory system. As new evidence emerges, guidance for a safe RTP should be updated.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Transtornos Respiratórios/diagnóstico , Volta ao Esporte/normas , Atletas , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Miocardite/sangue , Miocardite/etiologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose/etiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Transtornos Respiratórios/etiologia , Medicina Esportiva/normas , Avaliação de Sintomas , Troponina/sangue
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