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1.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 31, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There has been a paucity of literature revealing the discrepancy between self-recognition about hallux valgus (HV) and radiographically-evaluated foot configuration. Knowing this discrepancy will help to make a comparative review of the findings of previous literatures about epidemiological studies about the prevalence of HV. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is there a discrepancy between radiographically-assessed and self-recognized HV in the general population? (2) What factors affect the self-recognition of HV in the general population? METHODS: The fifth survey of the Research on Osteoarthritis/Osteoporosis against Disability study involved 1996 participants who had undergone anterior-posterior radiography of bilateral feet and answered a simple dichotomous questionnaire on self-recognition of HV. Measurements of the HV angle (HVA), interphalangeal angle of the hallux (IPA), and intermetatarsal angle between 1st and 2nd metatarsals (IMA) were performed using radiographs. Radiographic diagnosis of HV was done using the definition of hallux valgus angle of 20° or more. After univariate comparison of the participant backgrounds and radiographic measurements between participants with or without self-recognition of HV, multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted in order to reveal independent factors affecting self-recognition. RESULTS: Significant difference was found between the prevalence of radiographically-assessed and self-recognized HV (29.8% vs. 16.5%, p <  0.0001). The prevalence of self-recognized HV increased with the progression of HV severity from a single-digit percentage (normal grade, HVA < 20°) up to 100% (severe grade, HVA ≥ 40°). A multivariable logistic regression analysis demonstrated that HVA, IMA, and female sex were independent positive factors for self-recognition of HV (HVA [per 1° increase]: OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.15-1.20; p <  0.0001; IMA [per 1° increase]: OR, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.09-1.20; p <  0.0001; and female sex [vs. male sex]: OR, 3.47; 95% CI, 2.35-5.18; p <  0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant discrepancy between radiographically-assessed and self-recognized HV which narrowed with the progressing severity of HV. HVA, IMA, and female sex were independent positive factors for self-recognition of HV. Attention needs to be paid to potentially lowered prevalence of HV in epidemiological studies using self-reporting based on self-recognition.


Assuntos
Joanete , Hallux Valgus , Hallux , Ossos do Metatarso , Feminino , , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 1043, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain syndrome (CPS) is a common complication after operative procedures, and only a few studies have focused on the evaluation of CPS in foot-forefoot surgery and specifically on HV percutaneous correction. The objective of this study was to compare postoperative pain levels and incidence of CPS in two groups of patients having undergone femoral-sciatic nerve block or ankle block regional anaesthesia before hallux valgus (HV) percutaneous surgery and the association between postoperative pain levels and risk factors between these patient groups. METHODS: A consecutive patient series was enrolled and evaluated prospectively at 7 days, 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery. The participants were divided into two groups according to the regional anaesthesia received, femoral-sciatic nerve block or ankle block, and their outcomes were compared. The parameters assessed were postoperative pain at rest and during movement by the numerical rating scale (NRS), patient satisfaction using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), quality of life and return to daily activities. Statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-five patients were assessed, 127 females and 28 males. Pain at rest (p < 0.0001) and during movement (p < 0.0001) significantly decreased during the follow-ups; at 6 months, 13 patients suffered from CPS. Over time, satisfaction remained stable (p > 0.05), quality of life significantly increased and patients returned to daily activities and work (p < 0.0001). No significant impact of type of anaesthesia could be detected. ASA 3 (p = 0.043) was associated to higher pain during movement; BMI (p = 0.005) and lumbago (p = 0.004) to lower satisfaction. No operative-anaesthetic complications were recorded. Postoperative pain at rest and during movement improved over time independently of the regional block used, with low incidence of CPS at last follow-up. Among risk factors, only a higher ASA was associated to higher pain during movement, while higher BMI and lumbago to lower satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: Both ultrasound-guided sciatic-femoral and ankle blocks were safe and effective in reducing postoperative pain with low incidence of CPS at last follow-up. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial NCT02886221 . Registered 1 September 2016.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Hallux Valgus , Bloqueio Nervoso , Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tornozelo/cirurgia , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Feminino , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Bloqueio Nervoso/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
3.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(12): 1182-5, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of local infiltration anesthesia of ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone for postoperative analgesia in patients with hallux valgus. METHODS: From September 2019 to December 2020, 48 patients with hallux valgus were treated surgically. According to different postoperative analgesia methods, the patients were divided into combined local infiltration group and intravenous analgesia pump group. There were 24 cases, in the combined local infiltration group including 2 males and 22 females;the age ranged from 21 to 78 years old, with an average of (58.3±7.7) years old;soft tissue release and chevron osteotomy were performed in 15 cases and metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in 9 cases;immediately after operation, 20 ml of ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone mixed diluent was used for local infiltration anesthesia once. There were 24 patients in intravenous analgesia pump group, including 3 males and 21 females;the age ranged from 23 to 81 years old, with an average of(56.8±8.3) years old;soft tissue release and Chevron osteotomy were performed in 17 cases and metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in 7 cases;immediately after operation, intravenous analgesia pump was used for analgesia. The basic flow was 2 ml / h;the self control dose was 0.5 ml;and the locking time was 15 min. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was recorded at 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after operation;and the VAS was recorded at 24 hours after operation. The occurrence of adverse drug reactions at 0 to 12 hours, 12 to 24 hours and 24 to 48 hours after operation were recorded;and the healing of incision was recorded. RESULTS: All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 14 to 17 days, with a mean of (14.60±0.92) days. There was significantdifference in VAS at 12, 24 and 48 hours between the combined local infiltration group and the intravenous analgesia pump group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS between the two groups 72 hours after operation (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the number of adverse drug reactions between the two groups at 0 to 12 hours after operation (P>0.05);there was significant difference in the number of adverse drug reactions 12 to 24 hours after operation (P<0.05). No adverse drug reactions occurred in both groups 24 to 48 hours after operation. There was no significant difference in the grade of knife edge healing between the two groups after suture removal (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with intravenous analgesia pump group, ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone can significantly reduce postoperative wound pain without increasing adverse drug reactions, and does not increase wound infection.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Joanete , Hallux Valgus , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia Local , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948877

RESUMO

Virtual reality (VR)-guided exercise therapy using mediVR KAGURA has been reported to improve gait function by extending the arm to spatial targets while sitting. We aimed to investigate toe and trunk-pelvic function and plantar sensation during gait in a postoperative patient with hallux valgus. A 60-year-old woman, whose foot deformities had improved 6 months earlier, participated in the study. The exercise therapy interventions were performed twice weekly for 15 min. This study used an A-B-A design: 1-week pre-phase, 3-week intervention phase, and 2-week post-phase. The plantar pressure distribution and thoracic and pelvic displacements during gait were recorded at the end of each phase. The tactile pressure thresholds of the foot were determined before and after each exercise. The maximum force and impulse under the hallux increased after the intervention. The sensory threshold of the hallux was reduced. The amplitude of the thoracic and pelvic displacement was shortened in lateral and extended in the vertical and progressional directions after the intervention. We found that a 3-week VR-guided exercise improved toe function, plantar sensation, and postural adjustment of the trunk and pelvis during gait in a patient who had undergone surgery for hallux valgus, and the effects continued for 2 weeks.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Realidade Virtual , Feminino , , Marcha , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Postura Sentada
5.
Foot (Edinb) ; 49: 101863, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763225

RESUMO

Hallux varus is a rare foot deformity due to iatrogenic, post-traumatic, idiopathic, inflammatory, spontaneous, or congenital pathologies. Acquired hallux varus, in particular, iatrogenic type, is the commonest. The primary pathology is the abnormal musculotendinous forces secondary to soft tissue or bony imbalance exerting varus deforming force. Understanding the anatomy of the hallux stabilisers and the pathophysiology of hallux varus is vital in its management. It would be helpful to understand the potential surgical pitfalls leading to iatrogenic hallux varus. This literature review summarises all the published facts about hallux varus, focussing on anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical and radiological assessment, and management.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Hallux Varus , Hallux , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Hallux Varus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Varus/etiologia , Humanos , Transferência Tendinosa
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown the relationship between poor footwear fit and the risk of feet deformities. The available evidence seems to show that the development of hallux valgus deformity in the feet of schoolchildren may be related to the use of shoes that are poorly fitting in length. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the relationship between poor footwear fit in length and risk of developing hallux valgus. METHODS: Using an instrument that was designed and calibrated for this purpose, maximum foot length was obtained and compared to the inner length of the shoe in 187 schoolchildren. Hallux valgus angle (HVA) was measured on weight-bearing podogram image obtained from the longest foot in 188 schoolchildren. RESULTS: By default, the footwear was poorly fitting in length (too short or close-fitting) in 38.5% of the schoolchildren, with boys having the worst footwear fit; though no significant differences stood out. (p = 0.276). Regarding the HVA, no significant differences were recorded according to age or gender (p = 0.573). A strong correlation was observed between too-short footwear and the increase in HVA in 10-year-old boys (r = 0.817; p = 0.025) and in 9-year-old girls (r = 0.705; p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Inadequate footwear fit in length may be a predisposing extrinsic risk factor for the development of hallux valgus in schoolchildren of both sexes. Results of the present study demonstrate the need to adapt the sizes of footwear to the rapid increase in foot-length that occur at puberty to avoid the risk of developing hallux valgus, especially at the ages of onset pubertal foot growth.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , , Hallux Valgus/epidemiologia , Hallux Valgus/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Sapatos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Joint-preserving surgery for the forefoot has been increasingly performed for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We compared joint-preserving surgeries with resection arthroplasty for RA in the forefoot. METHODS: Forefoot surgeries were performed on 62 toes in 42 patients with RA (men: 2; women: 40) between 2002 and 2018. Three groups were compared: PP-31 toes treated with joint-preserving surgery involving the modified Mann method for the big toe and offset osteotomy for lesser toes, PR-15 toes treated with joint-preserving surgery for the big toe and resection arthroplasty for lesser toes, and RR-16 toes treated with resection arthroplasty for all the toes. RESULTS: The PP group had significantly higher mean scores on a scale for RA in the foot and ankle at the latest follow-up than the RR group (86 vs. 75 points; p < 0.05). Hallux valgus (angle > 20°) of the big toe at the latest follow-up recurred in 10 (32%), 9 (60%), and 16 (100%) patients in the PP, PR, and RR groups, respectively. A revision surgery was performed in one patient each in the PP and PR groups. CONCLUSIONS: Joint-preserving surgery is superior to resection arthroplasty in preventing function loss and the recurrence of hallux valgus.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Hallux Valgus , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Artroplastia , Feminino , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Mãos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Oper Orthop Traumatol ; 33(6): 495-502, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this technique is the treatment a severe hallux rigidus deformity by reorientation of an elevated first metatarsal using arthrodesis of the first tarsometatarsal joint and performing a one-step transplantation of an osteochondral graft, which is harvested from the first cuneiform, to the head of the first metatarsal bone. INDICATIONS: Severe arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) stage 3 and 4 in the Vanore classification. CONTRAINDICATIONS: General contraindications for a foot surgery; ankylosis of MTP joint; severe arthritis of the sesamoid joint; osteonecrosis; short first metatarsal; previous infection in the metatarsophalangeal joint; large cysts at the head of the first metatarsal. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The first step is the preparation of the metatarsophalangeal and the first tarsometatarsal joint. After mobilizing the first metatarsal in a medioplantar direction, a cartilage-bone cylinder is removed from the articular surface of the medial cuneiform using special osteochondral autograft transfer system (OATS) instruments (Small Joint OATS, Arthrex medical instruments GmbH, Munich, Germany). This is followed by the arthrodesis of the first tarsometatarsal joint with reorientation of the position of the first metatarsal bone. Then the removed osteochondral cylinder is implanted into the articular surface of the first metatarsal head. After that the capsule is closed and the skin sutured. POSTOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT: Postoperative management is guided mainly by the requirements of the first tarsometatarsal arthrodesis. When a plantar plate is used pain orientated full weightbearing is allowed in a postoperative shoe with a stiffened sole for 6-8 weeks. Physiotherapy is prescribed to exercise the first metatarsophalangeal joint. RESULTS: In the study, 5 patients were treated with the method described in the years 2011-2012 and were followed up for a period of 2 years. All of these patients were subjectively satisfied with the outcome of the operation. There were no relevant surgery-associated complications.


Assuntos
Hallux Rigidus , Hallux Valgus , Articulação Metatarsofalângica , Artrodese , Hallux Rigidus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Rigidus/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/cirurgia , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Georgian Med News ; (319): 7-12, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749314

RESUMO

Hoffmann-Clayton procedures appears to be promising surgical treatment in severe rheumatoid forefoot deformities. It has been reported that 80% to 90% of foot deformities in adults are due to rheumatoid arthritis. Despite of various surgical approaches, early functional and cosmetic results have been the greatest concern among patients. Thus, optimal surgical approach in correction of severe rheumatoid forefoot deformities is of vital importance for better subjective and clinical results. Clinical study was conducted on 56 painful chronic rheumatoid foot who were treated by arthrodesis of 1st metatarsophalangeal (MTP) and lesser metatarsal head resections. They were divided into 2 groups based on surgical approach in lesser metatarsal head resections. 1st group had 25 feet with dorsal approach (Clayton) and 2nd group - 31 feet with plantar approach (Hoffmann). Subjective and clinical outcomes were evaluated in both groups. The mean post-operative AOFAS scores were 67.82 (range: 32 - 82) and mean post-operative Foot Function Index (FFI) was 0.51 (range: 0.23 to 0.63) in both groups. Eighty seven percent (48/56 feet) reported early pain relief, improved cosmetic appearance, and improved footwear comfort in Hoffmann group. The mean hallux valgus angles improved from 37 to 15 degrees and the 1st intermetatarsal angle from 17 to 8 degrees in both groups. Four feet had non-union of the 1st MTP joint arthrodesis and three among them were re-operated. Hoffmann and Clayton procedures are optimal methods for excision arthroplasty of lesser metatarsal heads. However, Hoffmann (plantar approach) serves to be more convenient resulting in early recovery, adequate functional stability, rehabilitation and better cosmetic results.


Assuntos
Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé , Hallux Valgus , Articulação Metatarsofalângica , Adulto , , Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé/etiologia , Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé/cirurgia , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/cirurgia , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Foot Ankle Clin ; 26(4): 807-828, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752239

RESUMO

Treatment of juvenile hallux valgus can be challenging. Initial treatment with conservative measures is appropriate until exhausted. Surgical treatment should be delayed until after skeletal maturity when possible. Before any intervention, a thorough understanding of the whole patient and any underlying systemic contributors to their hallux valgus, in addition to the radiographic foot parameters, is imperative. Careful and individualized surgical planning should be done to optimize results and decrease the risk for recurrence.


Assuntos
Joanete , Hallux Valgus , Joanete/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteotomia , Radiografia , Recidiva
11.
Acta Ortop Mex ; 35(2): 132-136, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731912

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hallux valgus is a high frequency disorder, affecting the first ray. Operative correction techniques have grown popularity lately. One of them is the Reverdin-Isham technique (first metatarsal medial incomplete osteotomy). Recently, a protection and osteotomy cutting guide has been developed: the BARU system. OBJECTIVE: To test the usefulness of the BARU system as a protective factor for soft structures adjacent to the surgical site and guidance for osteotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Experimental cadaveric study. Six cadaveric feet (two fresh-frozen and four in formaldehyde solution), unapproached. Feet were numbered and intervened with RI technique, three of them with BARU system and three without it. Afterwards, dissection by two dissectors who did not know whether the BARU system had been used or not, establishing a single-blinded model. 13 structures were evaluated in each foot. Data was recovered into Microsoft Office Excel and processed with SPSS. 2 test (significative if p value < 0.05) and relative risk were calculated. RESULTS: Approach using BARU system was satisfactory, with usual-size operation-ports. BARU system colocation was simple and radiological control showed adequate spatial location. The device contributed as reference for cutting direction and depth. 65 out of the 78 searched structures were found (83.3%). Six injuries were found among the assessed structures: plantar medial nerve (one injury), plantar medial artery (one injury), flexor brevis muscle (three injuries), abductor muscle (one injury). Five of these injuries occurred in non-utilizing BARU system feet. CONCLUSION: Promising results in terms of protection of nearby structures, cutting guide, and ease of intervention. Avoids X-rays exposure. Not significant statistical calculations, the sample should be enlarged.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Ossos do Metatarso , Cadáver , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639247

RESUMO

The present study aims to evaluate changes in plantar pressure distribution after joint-preserving surgery for rheumatoid forefoot deformity. A retrospective study was performed on 26 feet of 23 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who underwent the following surgical combination: modified Mitchell's osteotomy (mMO) of the first metatarsal and shortening oblique osteotomy of the lateral four metatarsals. Plantar pressure distribution and clinical background parameters were evaluated preoperatively and one year postoperatively. A comparison of preoperative and postoperative values indicated a significant improvement in the visual analog scale, Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot scale, and radiographic parameters, such as the hallux valgus angle. A significant increase in peak pressure was observed at the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) (0.045 vs. 0.082 kg/cm2; p < 0.05) and a significant decrease at the second and third MTPJs (0.081 vs. 0.048 kg/cm2; p < 0.05, 0.097 vs. 0.054 kg/cm2; p < 0.05). While overloading at the lateral metatarsal heads following mMO has been reported in previous studies, no increase in peak pressure at the lateral MTPJs was observed in our study. The results of our study show that this surgical combination can be an effective and beneficial surgical combination for RA patients with mild to moderate joint deformity.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Hallux Valgus , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteotomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639772

RESUMO

With the progress of medical treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), several joint-preserving forefoot surgical procedures have been established and performed. In this situation, we have been choosing the combined surgery: modified scarf osteotomy for the great toe and metatarsal shortening offset osteotomy for the lesser toes in RA cases. A retrospective observational study of 53 RA patients (mean follow-up period: 4.6 years) who underwent the surgery was completed. RA foot ankle scores were assessed, using the Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) standard rating system, and a self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire (SAFE-Q) was also checked to evaluate clinical outcomes. For radiological evaluations, deformity parameters were measured using radiographs of the feet with weight-bearing. JSSF hallux and lesser toes scores and the SAFE-Q score showed significant improvement in all indices. HVA, M1-M2A, M1-M5A, M2-M5A, and sesamoid position were significantly improved after surgery. At the final follow-up, the hallux valgus deformity had recurred in 4 feet (7.5%), and hallux varus deformity had developed in 8 feet (15.1%). No case of recurrent hallux valgus deformity required revision surgery. Recurrence of dorsal dislocation/subluxation of the lesser toe MTP joint was seen in 6 feet (11.3%) after surgery. A combination of modified scarf osteotomy for the great toe and modified metatarsal shortening offset osteotomy for the lesser toes is one of the novel surgical procedures for rheumatoid forefoot deformity. Preoperative disease activity of RA negatively affected the clinical score of the hallux. The spread of M2-M5A was a risk factor for resubluxation of the lesser toe MTP joint.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Ossos do Metatarso , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Mãos , Humanos , Osteotomia , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of scarf and Akin osteotomy with intra-articular lateral soft tissue release for the correction of hallux valgus (HV) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been elucidated. METHODS: A total of 36 feet in 28 patients with RA who had scarf and Akin osteotomy with intra-articular stepwise lateral soft tissue release between 2015 and 2020 at a single institute were investigated retrospectively, with a mean follow-up period of 32.0 ± 16.9 months. Radiographic evaluations including the HV angle, intermetatarsal angle, and sesamoid position were performed preoperatively and postoperatively. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Japanese Society of Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) hallux scale and self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire (SAFE-Q). RESULTS: The procedure resulted in significant HV correction, with a recurrence rate of 13.9%. The JSSF scale and all five SAFE-Q subscale scores significantly improved (p < 0.05), with no major complications. More than 90% of cases achieved adequate lateral soft tissue release without sacrificing the adductor tendon of the hallux. CONCLUSIONS: Intra-articular stepwise lateral soft tissue release in combination with scarf and Akin osteotomy provided satisfactory radiographic and patient-reported outcomes for the correction of HV in patients with RA with minimum lateral soft tissue release.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Hallux Valgus , Hallux , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteotomia , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Oper Orthop Traumatol ; 33(6): 487-494, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709414

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Joint-preserving procedure with plantarization of the 1st metatarsal and improvement of range of motion. INDICATIONS: Mild and moderate arthrosis of the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint with pain and shoe discomfort due to elevation of 1st ray and failed conservative treatment. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Severe degenerative conditions 1st metatarsophalangeal joint with significant loss of range of motion preoperatively. General contraindications for surgical treatment/anesthesia. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Dorsomedial approach to 1st metatarsophalangeal joint, mild cheilectomy and arthrolysis, v­shaped osteotomy of metatarsal 1 from dorsal with plantarization of the metatarsal head, screw fixation from proximal dorsal to distal plantar. POSTOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT: Full weightbearing in rocker bottom shoe for 6 weeks. RESULTS: Improvement of range of motion from 35° dorsal extension to 50° in all cases after 6 months. Reduction of painful movement from VAS 6-7 to VAS 2-3 in 80% of patients.


Assuntos
Hallux Limitus , Hallux Valgus , Ossos do Metatarso , Articulação Metatarsofalângica , Humanos , Ossos do Metatarso/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos do Metatarso/cirurgia , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Metatarsofalângica/cirurgia , Metatarso , Osteotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Ortop Traumatol Rehabil ; 23(4): 287-293, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study was done to evaluate short term clinico-radiological results of distal chevron oste-otomy without lateral soft tissue release in mild to moderate hallux valgus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study consisting of a total of 35 cases with mild to moderate hallux valgus deformity. All these patients were treated by distal chevron osteotomy without lateral soft tissue release. RESULTS: In our study, the average value of hallux angle preoperatively was 32° (range, 24°-40°) and at final follow-up it was 14° (range, 8°-31°). The average reduction was 18°. The average intermetatarsal angle showed mean reduction of 5.3° at the final follow-up. Average range of motion of the first metatarsophalyngeal joint preoperatively and at final follow-up showed a small reduction of 5 degrees. The average preoperative AOFAS score was 49, which improved by 35 points to 84 at the final follow-up. 11.42% of the patients in the study group had a recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: 1. Based on our experience with distal chevron osteotomy without lateral soft tissue release, we found the procedure easy to perform with good procedural outcomes. 2. The possible complications of lateral soft tissue release are avoided.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Hallux , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteotomia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Ortop Traumatol Rehabil ; 23(4): 295-303, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus is the most common deformity of the forefoot. It has a multifactorial aetiology, with hindfoot valgus considered one of its causes. The aim of this study was to evaluate hindfoot position and loading pattern after a treatment of Kinesiology Taping (KT) for the mechanical correction of hallux valgus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 25 feet with hallux valgus deformity and hindfoot valgus. The hallux valgus angle (HVA) and hindfoot angle were assessed with a 3D scanner. Hindfoot loading pattern was examined with a baropodometric platform while standing and during gait. Measurements were taken on the following three occasions: before and immediately after KT placement as well as after a month of taping. RESULTS: The KT treatment had a significant influence on the hindfoot angle (p<0.001) and HVA (p<0.001) measured while standing and on lateral heel loading in dynamic conditions during gait (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: 1. KT decreased HVA and improved hindfoot position while standing in the pilot study participants. 2. KT exerted a corrective influence on the foot loading pattern in patients with hallux valgus and hindfoot pronation. 3. The foot position correction and normalisation of foot loading achieved in the pilot study provide a basis for further research on KT effectiveness in patients with hallux valgus and hindfoot pronation.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Hallux , , Marcha , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
18.
Iowa Orthop J ; 41(1): 103-109, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552411

RESUMO

Background: Malrotation of medial column bones of the foot has been advocated as an important factor in foot conditions such as hallux valgus and progressive collapsing foot deformity. Although stated as a deformity component, variances of normality in the general population are not completely understood. This study intended to describe the rotational profile of all medial column bones using weightbearing computed tomography (WBCT) images in a cohort of patients with different foot and ankle problems. Methods: In this retrospective study, 110 feet of 95 consecutive patients that received a WBCT for assessment of different foot and ankle pathologies were included. Measurements were performed by a blinded fellowship-trained orthopedic foot and ankle surgeon. Rotation of the navicular, medial cuneiform, proximal and distal first metatarsal as well as proximal phalanx of the first toe were recorded. Positive values were considered pronation and negative values were considered supination. Rotational profile of each bone/ segment was assessed by ANOVA and comparison between each segment was performed using Wilcoxon Each-Pair analysis. P-values of less than 0.05 were considered significant. Results: On average, a rotational positioning in pronation (internal rotation) was observed for all medial column bones. The navicular (43.2°, CI 41.1°-45.3°) and the proximal metatarsal (33.9°, CI 31.8°-36.0°) showed the highest mean rotation values. The medial cuneiform presented the lowest mean pronation (6.1°, CI 4.0°-8.3°). Comparison between each bone segment demonstrated statistically significant differences of rotational alignment for the different bones (p<0.0001), with the exception of the distal metatarsal and proximal phalanx, that had similar amounts of pronation. A zig-zag rotational pattern of alignment was observed from proximal to distal, with relative supination/pronation of adjacent medial column bones. Conclusion: The overall rotational profile of medial column bones was found to be in absolute pronation, most pronounced at the navicular and proximal first metatarsal, with significant differences in the amount of pronation when comparing most of the medial column bones. The presented data may be utilized as reference/ baseline values of medial column rotation, supporting future prospective, comparative and controlled studies.Level of Evidence: IV.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Ossos do Metatarso , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Ossos do Metatarso/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Suporte de Carga
19.
J Am Podiatr Med Assoc ; 111(4)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus, one of the most common deformities of the great toe, may cause pain, dysfunction, and impaired gait pattern. In this retrospective study we report the results of a new type of distal metatarsal osteotomy combined with distal soft-tissue release in patients with mild-to-moderate hallux valgus deformity. METHODS: This new technique was used in the management of 32 feet of 31 patients (eight men and 23 women) with mild-to-moderate hallux valgus. Hallux valgus angle, intermetatarsal angle, and distal metatarsal articular angle were measured on preoperative, early postoperative (6-8 weeks), and late (1 year) postoperative radiographs. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society hallux metatarsophalangeal score was calculated. Sesamoid position, by considering medial sesamoid position, and metatarsal shortness were also measured. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were detected between the preoperative and late postoperative measurements of the hallux valgus angle, distal metatarsal articular angle, intermetatarsal angle, and sesamoid position parameters in patients operated on with this technique. Improvement was 14° for the hallux valgus angle, 4° for the distal metatarsal articular angle, and 4° for the intermetatarsal angle. Sesamoid position was also improved, and the mean American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score was significantly improved. Metatarsal shortness greater than 2 mm was observed in two patients without resulting in any clinical discomfort. CONCLUSIONS: This new technique was easy, safe, and promising in patients diagnosed as having mild-to-moderate hallux valgus deformity.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Ossos do Metatarso , Feminino , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ossos do Metatarso/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos do Metatarso/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Med Eng Phys ; 95: 90-96, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A thorough understanding of the influence of the foot skeletal structure on hallux valgus (HV) is required for HV prevention. We developed a system using a 3D foot scanner on a smartphone to clarify the relationships between foot features and HV risk. METHODS: Two-dimensional video images were recorded on a smartphone, sent to a computer or cloud server, and used to construct a 3D foot-feature model, considering 10 foot features associated with HV. The participants (419 individuals, aged 40-89 years) stood with their toes 12 cm apart and heels 8 cm apart during video recording. The height and weight were measured for body-mass index calculation. RESULTS: Age-dependent foot-feature variations were observed slightly for males and distinctively for females. For females, the great toe-first metatarsal head-heel (GFH) angle associated with HV increased with age, i.e., the GFH angle increased with age, suggesting that HV increased with age. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the features determining the GFH angle are the second toe-heel-navicular angle, bone distance axis, and transverse arch length and height. The adjusted coefficients of determination were 0.54 and 0.52 for males and females, respectively. CONCLUSION: This approach enables simple foot structure assessment for HV risk evaluation.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Ossos do Metatarso , Feminino , Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Regressão , Smartphone
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