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1.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46983

RESUMO

Considerada a enfermidade mais antiga da humanidade, a hanseníase tem cura, mas ainda hoje representa um problema de saúde pública no Brasil. Doença tropical negligenciada, infectocontagiosa de evolução crônica, se manifesta principalmente por meio de lesões na pele e sintomas neurológicos como dormências e diminuição de força nas mãos e nos pés.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Doenças Transmissíveis , Hanseníase
2.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(9): e0007646, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The country of Kiribati is a small Pacific island nation which had a new case detection rate of 191 per 100,000 in 2016, and is one of the few countries yet to reach the WHO leprosy elimination goal. Chemoprophylaxis of household contacts of new cases, or to the whole population in a highly endemic areas have been found to be effective in reducing new case rates. This study investigated the potential impact of different chemoprophylaxis strategies on future cases in South Tarawa, the main population centre of Kiribati. METHODOLOGY: The microsimulation model SIMCOLEP was calibrated to simulate the South Tarawa population and past leprosy control activities, and replicate annual new cases from 1989 to 2016. The impact of six different strategies for delivering one round of single dose rifampicin (SDR) chemoprophylaxis to household contacts of new cases and/or one or three rounds of SDR to the whole population was modelled from 2017 to 2030. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Our model predicted that continuing the existing control program of high levels of public awareness, passive case detection, and treatment with multidrug treatment would lead to a substantial reduction in cases but this was less effective than all modelled intervention scenarios. Mass chemoprophylaxis led to a faster initial decline in cases than household contact chemoprophylaxis alone, however the decline under the latter was sustained for longer. The greatest cumulative impact was for household contact chemoprophylaxis with three rounds of mass chemoprophylaxis at one-year intervals. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that control of leprosy would be achieved most rapidly with a combination of intensive population-based and household chemoprophylaxis. These findings may be generalisable to other countries where crowding places social contacts as well as household contacts of cases at risk of developing leprosy.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Quimioprevenção , Criança , Busca de Comunicante , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Hansenostáticos/administração & dosagem , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Masculino , Micronésia/epidemiologia , Modelos Teóricos , Rifampina/administração & dosagem , Rifampina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
3.
Int J Infect Dis ; 88: 65-72, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of single-dose rifampicin (SDR) after bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination in preventing leprosy in contacts. METHODS: This was a single-centre, cluster-randomized controlled trial at a leprosy control programme in northwest Bangladesh. Participants were the 14988 contacts of 1552 new leprosy patients who were randomized into the SDR-arm (n=7379) and the SDR+arm (n=7609). In the intervention group, BCG vaccination was followed by SDR 8-12 weeks later. In the control group, BCG vaccination only was given. Follow-up was performed at 1year and 2 years after intake. The main outcome measure was the occurrence of leprosy. RESULTS: The incidence rate per 10000 person-years at risk was 44 in the SDR-arm and 31 in the SDR+arm at 1year; the incidence rate was 34 in the SDR-arm and 41 in the SDR+arm at 2 years. There was a statistically non-significant (p=0.148; 42%) reduction for paucibacillary (PB) leprosy in the SDR+ arm at 1 year. Of all new cases, 33.6% appeared within 8-12 weeks after BCG vaccination. CONCLUSIONS: In the first year, SDR after BCG vaccination reduced the incidence of PB leprosy among contacts by 42%. This was a statistically non-significant reduction due to the limited number of cases after SDR was administered. To what extent SDR suppresses excess leprosy cases after BCG vaccination is difficult to establish because many cases appeared before the SDR intervention. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register: NTR3087.


Assuntos
Vacina BCG/administração & dosagem , Hansenostáticos/administração & dosagem , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Rifampina/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Bangladesh , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Hanseníase/tratamento farmacológico , Hanseníase/microbiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium leprae/efeitos dos fármacos , Mycobacterium leprae/fisiologia , Vacinação , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Dermatol ; 46(10): 853-858, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432529

RESUMO

In patients with lepromatous leprosy, Mycobacterium leprae is often observed inside the human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC) surrounding Schwann cells (SC) at the site of lesions in the peripheral nerves. Based on this observation, it is considered that the nasal mucous may be the invasion pathway for M. leprae and HMVEC serve as an important reservoir for the bacteria before they invade SC. In light of previous research which revealed that Mce1A protein mediates bacterial invasion into nasal epithelial cells and HMVEC, we conducted a study to determine whether the invasion of M. leprae into HMVEC can be suppressed by blocking the Mce1A protein. In this study, we analyzed bacterial invasive activity by adding recombinant Escherichia coli, which express the active region (InvX:72 a.a.) of Mce1A protein on their external membrane, into cultured HMVEC, using the adhesin involved in the diffuse adherence mechanism. The number of bacteria that invaded into the cells was then measured by a colony counting method. The active region of Mce1A was divided into four sections, and hyperimmune antisera was prepared for each section for analyzing the inhibitory effect against invasion. The invasive activity was suppressed by antibodies against InvX regions 1-24 a.a., 25-46 a.a. and 58-72 a.a. This suggests that the InvX regions 1-24 a.a., 25-46 a.a. and 58-72 a.a. of Mce1A protein play an important role in the invasion of M. leprae into HMVEC and that it may be possible to suppress entry of M. leprae in HMVEC with antibodies against these regions.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Células Endoteliais/microbiologia , Hanseníase/imunologia , Mycobacterium leprae/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Linhagem Celular , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Humanos , Soros Imunes/imunologia , Soros Imunes/isolamento & purificação , Hanseníase/microbiologia , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Mycobacterium leprae/patogenicidade , Coelhos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 61, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390430

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the temporal trend of leprosy indicators in a hyperendemic state of Brazil, from 2001-2015. METHODS: This is a time-series study of leprosy indicators in the state of Maranhão, Northeastern region of Brazil. The study used data from the Brazilian National System of Reportable Diseases, for the period between 2001 and 2015. The following indicators were evaluated: (i) detection coefficient in the general population; (ii) detection coefficient in people under 15 years old; (iii) rate of cases with grade 2 physical disability in the diagnosis; (iv) rate of examined contacts, and (v) proportion of healing . The Prais-Winsten regression model was used for trend analysis. Analyses were performed for the state and by each health region. RESULTS: 77,697 leprosy cases were analyzed in the general population and 7,599 in individuals under 15 years old. The detection coefficient in the general population ranged from 80.7/100 thousand inhabitants in 2001 to 51.2/100 thousand inhabitants in 2015. The coefficient in the general population presented a downward trend (annual percentage variation [APV] = -2.98; 95%CI -4.15- -1.79). For the population under 15 years old, the rate was 24.9/100 thousand inhabitants in 2001, and 19.9/100 thousand inhabitants in 2015, with downward trend (APV = -3.07; 95%CI -4.95- -1.15). It was observed upward trend in rate of contacts examined (APV = 2.35; 95%CI 0.58-4.15) and rate of cases with grade 2 disability (APV = 2.19; 95%CI 0.23-4.19). Stationary trend was observed in the proportion of healing (APV = -0.10; 95%CI -0.50-0.30). Regional differences were found in the performance of the indicators. CONCLUSIONS: A downward trend for the detection coefficients in the general population and in individuals under 15 years old was found in Maranhão. Despite this result, the rates are still very high, demanding efforts from all spheres of public administration and health professionals to reduce the burden of the disease in the state.


Assuntos
Doenças Endêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Doenças Negligenciadas/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Geografia , Humanos , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Hanseníase/transmissão , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância da População , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
6.
Fontilles, Rev. leprol ; 32(2): 87-104, mayo-ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-FGT-2504

RESUMO

Se realizó una investigación observacional descriptiva prospectiva con el objetivo de determinar la eficacia del uso de la rifampicina como tratamiento profiláctico en los contactos de primer orden de los casos de lepra en el municipio Camagüey, durante los años 2000 al 2010. Predomino el grupo de 40 a 49 años, sin diferencias significativas en cuanto al sexo. En más de la mitad de los contactos el per cápita familiar fue malo y tenían hacinamiento. La madre resultó ser la fuente de infección más probable, con más de 10 años de convivencia con los contactos en la mayoría de los casos. Un mínimo por ciento de los contactos desarrolló lepra, con serología UMELISA HANSEN reactiva y examen dermato-neurológico con lesiones sugestivas de la enfermedad y uno solo con baciloscopia positiva. Los enfermos presentaron lepra paucibacilar, dentro de esta, la indeterminada. Se concluyó que la quimioprofilaxis con rifampicina en dosis única no fue totalmente efectiva


A prospective, descriptive, observational investigation was carried out with the aim of determining the effectiveness of the use of the rifampicin as a preventive treatment in household contacts of leprosy in Camagüey city, from 2000 to 2010. The majority of the contacts were in the age group from 40 to 49 years, without significant gender differences. In more than half of the contacts, the family income rate was poor and they lived in harsh conditions. In the majority of cases, the mother turned out to be the source of infection. A very small percent of the contacts developed leprosy, with positive ELISA serology and dermal - neurological examination with suggestive lesions of the illness and only one case with positive skin smear. The affected individuals presented indeterminate leprosy a form of paucibacillary leprosy. The study concluded that Chemoprophylaxis with only one dose of rifampicin was not totally effective


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Busca de Comunicante/estatística & dados numéricos , Hansenostáticos/uso terapêutico , Rifampina/uso terapêutico , Hanseníase/transmissão , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Profilaxia Pós-Exposição , Estudos Prospectivos , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Cuba
7.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 40: e20180258, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31188975

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze contextual relations of health care in the discharge of leprosy. METHOD: An analytical, reflexive study based on the theoretical framework of context analysis, elaborated through an integrative review of literature in the databases SCOPUS, PUBMED, LILACS, SCIELO and BDENF, with uncontrolled descriptors Leprosy and Patient Discharge, obtaining 14 publications. RESULTS: The immediate context addresses health care at discharge in leprosy; the specific context treats leprosy as a public health problem; the symbolic conceptions and marks involving leprosy are encompassed by the general context; and in the metacontext are described the health programs and policies that subsidize the care of leprosy patients. CONCLUSION: The contextual elements emphasize the need to guarantee universal coverage of cases of leprosy, from diagnosis to the post-discharge, reinforcing leprosy as a public health problem. Despite the limitations of the bibliographic studies, these have relevance for the health area.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde , Hanseníase/tratamento farmacológico , Alta do Paciente , Saúde Pública , Brasil , Diagnóstico Tardio , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Hansenostáticos/uso terapêutico , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle
9.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(4): e0007329, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leprosy elimination defined as a registered prevalence rate of less than 1 case per 10,000 persons was achieved in Kenya at the national level in 1989. However, there are still pockets of leprosy in some counties where late diagnosis and consequent physical disability persist. The epidemiology of leprosy in Kenya for the period 2012 through to 2015 was defined using spatial methods. METHODS: This was a retrospective ecological correlational study that utilized leprosy case based data extracted from the National Leprosy Control Program database. Geographic information system and demographic data were obtained from Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS). Chi square tests were carried out to check for association between sociodemographic factors and disease indicators. Two Spatial Poisson Conditional Autoregressive (CAR) models were fitted in WinBUGS 1.4 software. The first model included all leprosy cases (new, retreatment, transfers from another health facility) and the second one included only new leprosy cases. These models were used to estimate leprosy relative risks per county as compared to the whole country i.e. the risk of presenting with leprosy given the geographical location. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Children aged less than 15 years accounted for 7.5% of all leprosy cases indicating active leprosy transmission in Kenya. The risk of leprosy notification increased by about 5% for every 1 year increase in age, whereas a 1% increase in the proportion of MB cases increased the chances of new leprosy case notification by 4%. When compared to the whole country, counties with the highest risk of leprosy include Kwale (relative risk of 15), Kilifi (RR;8.9) and Homabay (RR;4.1), whereas Turkana had the lowest relative risk of 0.005. CONCLUSION: Leprosy incidence exhibits geographical variation and there is need to institute tailored local control measures in these areas to reduce the burden of disability.


Assuntos
Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Análise Espacial , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Quênia/epidemiologia , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Vigilância da População , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Adulto Jovem
10.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(4): e0007302, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the introduction of new interventions to prevent leprosy, such as post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) given to contacts of leprosy patients, it is necessary to update our understanding of knowledge and perception of leprosy among the populations where these interventions will be introduced, in order to tailor communication optimally to the current situation. This study is a baseline study of the PEP++ project and aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding leprosy in Fatehpur, India. METHODOLOGY: The study used a community-based cross-sectional design with a mixed-methods approach. We assessed knowledge, attitudes, and practices with the KAP measure, and stigma with the Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue community stigma scale (EMIC-CSS) and the Social Distance Scale (SDS). In addition, semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with all participant groups. The quantitative data were analysed using stepwise multivariate regression. The qualitative data were analysed using open, inductive coding and content analysis. FINDINGS: A total of 446 participants were included in the study: 100 persons affected by leprosy, 111 close contacts, 185 community members and 50 health care workers. In addition, 24 in-depth interviews were conducted and 35 people were included in focus group discussions. 12.5% of the participants had adequate knowledge of leprosy, while 22% had poor knowledge. Knowledge on cause (answered correctly by 10% of the participants), mode of transmission (5%) and symptoms of leprosy (16%) was especially poor. The mean EMIC-CSS score was 15.3 (95%CI 14.6-16.0) and mean SDS score 7.2 (95%CI 6.6-7.8). Better knowledge of leprosy was associated with lower levels of social distance towards persons affected by leprosy. CONCLUSION: This study revealed poor knowledge regarding leprosy and high levels of stigma and fear and desire to keep social distance towards persons affected by leprosy. Community education that takes cultural beliefs, knowledge gaps and fears into consideration could improve knowledge, reduce misconceptions and positively influence the perception of leprosy.


Assuntos
Erradicação de Doenças , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Percepção Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Hanseníase/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estigma Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(3): 739-747, abr.-maio 2019. tab, il
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-987983

RESUMO

Objective: The study's target has been to analyze the causes and solutions strategies for leprosy in children using the Ishikawa Diagram. Methods: It is a literature review based on the Ishikawa Diagram production, which was carried out over April 2017 in the databases of PubMed, Virtual Health Library (VHL), EBSCO and SciELO. Results: It was identified that the prevalence of leprosy in children is due to social, environmental and cultural factors, where: socioeconomic conditions, population cluster and lack of professional qualification correspond to 70% of the mentioned causes. Conclusion: It was evidenced the need for intensifying epidemiological surveillance, promoting larger investments in preventive actions, such as health education, including the adoption of professional training towards the professionals directly responsible the disease diagnosis


Objetivo: Analisar por meio do Diagrama de Ishikawa as causas e as estratégias de soluções para hanseníase em crianças. Método: Revisão da literatura baseada na construção do Diagrama de Ishikawa, realizado em abril de 2017, nos bancos de dados do Pubmed, Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS), Scielo e Ebsco. Resultados: Identificou-se que a prevalência da hanseníase em crianças se dá por fatores sociais, ambientais e culturais, onde: condições socioeconômicas, aglomerado populacional e ausência de capacitação profissional correspondem a 70% das causas apontadas. Conclusão: Evidenciou-se a necessidade de intensificar a vigilância epidemiológica, realizar maiores investimentos nas ações preventivas, como a educação em saúde, incluindo também a adoção de capacitações dos profissionais responsáveis pelo diagnóstico


Objetivo: Analizar por medio del diagrama de Ishikawa las causas y estrategias de las soluciones para la lepra en los niños. Método: Revisión de la literatura basada en la construcción del Diagrama de Ishikawa, realizado en abril de 2017 en los bancos de datos del Pubmed, Biblioteca Virtual de Salud (BVS), Scielo y Ebsco. Resultados: Se identificó que la prevalencia de la hanseniasis en niños se da por factores sociales, ambientales y culturales, donde: condiciones socioeconómicas, aglomerado poblacional y ausencia de capacitación profesional corresponden al 70% de las causas señaladas. Conclusión: Se evidenció la necesidad de intensificar la vigilancia epidemiológica, realizar mayores inversiones en las acciones preventivas, como la educación en salud, incluyendo también la adopción de capacitaciones de los profesionales responsables del diagnóstico


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Hanseníase/terapia , Saúde Pública/educação , Saúde Pública , Fortalecimento Institucional
14.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(1): e594, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-985590

RESUMO

Introducción: Los niños contactos de pacientes con lepra se consideran las personas con mayores posibilidades de desarrollar la enfermedad. Objetivo: Valorar la utilidad del seguimiento serológico de anticuerpos contra el glicolípido fenólico I para el diagnóstico de lepra en niños. Métodos: Investigación prospectiva. Se incluyeron todos los niños contactos de pacientes diagnosticados con lepra en las provincias de La Habana, Santiago de Cuba y Guantánamo entre enero 2013-junio 2015. Los menores se evaluaron clínicamente mediante examen dermatoneurológico y se determinó la presencia de anticuerpos contra el glicolípido fenólico I de Mycobacterium leprae para el estudio serológico. Los niños con serología positiva se siguieron, con estos dos métodos, cada seis meses durante dos años. La confirmación de un caso nuevo de lepra se realizó mediante baciloscopía y biología molecular. Resultados: Se estudiaron 151 niños, de ellos 44 (29,13 por ciento) resultaron positivos al glicolípido fenólico I. Se diagnosticaron durante el período 12 casos, de los cuales 11 tuvieron serología positiva. Presentaron sospecha clínica 10 niños de los estudiados, solo se confirmó un caso nuevo, el cual tuvo serología negativa. En ocho de los niños diagnosticados se detectó presencia de bacilos ácido alcohol resistente en la lámina de baciloscopía. En los restantes cuatro niños el diagnóstico se confirmó por la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa. Conclusiones: Los resultados de esta investigación denotan la utilidad del seguimiento serológico de anticuerpos contra el glicolípido fenólico I en el diagnóstico de lepra en niños, en apoyo a la vigilancia clínica(AU)


Introduction: Children having contact with leprosy patients are considered the contacts with greater possibilities of developing the disease. Objective: To assess the usefulness of antibodies´ serologic follow up against the phenolic glycolipid I (PGL-1) for the diagnosis of leprosy in children. Methods: Prospective study in which were included all children contacts of patients diagnosed with leprosy in Havana, Santiago de Cuba and Guantanamo provinces between January 2013 and June 2015. They were evaluated clinically by the dermato-neurological examination and the presence of antibodies against the PGL-1 of M. leprae was determined. Children with positive serology were followed up using these same two methods every six months for two years. The confirmation of a new case of leprosy was made by smear microscopy and molecular biology / PCR-Rlep. Results: A total of 151 children were studied. Of these, 44 children (29.13 percent) were positive for phenolic glycolipid I. A total of 12 children were diagnosed during this period, of which 11 had positive serology. Only 10 children of the studied ones presented clinical suspicion and of these only one new case was confirmed, which had negative serology. In eight of the diagnosed children, the presence of acid-fast bacilli was detected in the smear microscopy. In the remaining four children, the diagnosis was confirmed by the PCR result. Conclusion: The results of this investigation show the usefulness of the antibodies´ serologic follow up against the phenolic glycolipid I in the diagnosis of leprosy in children as a support to clinical surveillance(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Busca de Comunicante/métodos , Compostos Fenólicos/métodos , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Hanseníase/transmissão , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Diagnóstico Precoce
15.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(1)ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-73693

RESUMO

Introducción: Los niños contactos de pacientes con lepra se consideran las personas con mayores posibilidades de desarrollar la enfermedad. Objetivo: Valorar la utilidad del seguimiento serológico de anticuerpos contra el glicolípido fenólico I para el diagnóstico de lepra en niños. Métodos: Investigación prospectiva. Se incluyeron todos los niños contactos de pacientes diagnosticados con lepra en las provincias de La Habana, Santiago de Cuba y Guantánamo entre enero 2013-junio 2015. Los menores se evaluaron clínicamente mediante examen dermatoneurológico y se determinó la presencia de anticuerpos contra el glicolípido fenólico I de Mycobacterium leprae para el estudio serológico. Los niños con serología positiva se siguieron, con estos dos métodos, cada seis meses durante dos años. La confirmación de un caso nuevo de lepra se realizó mediante baciloscopía y biología molecular. Resultados: Se estudiaron 151 niños, de ellos 44 (29,13 por ciento) resultaron positivos al glicolípido fenólico I. Se diagnosticaron durante el período 12 casos, de los cuales 11 tuvieron serología positiva. Presentaron sospecha clínica 10 niños de los estudiados, solo se confirmó un caso nuevo, el cual tuvo serología negativa. En ocho de los niños diagnosticados se detectó presencia de bacilos ácido alcohol resistente en la lámina de baciloscopía. En los restantes cuatro niños el diagnóstico se confirmó por la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa. Conclusiones: Los resultados de esta investigación denotan la utilidad del seguimiento serológico de anticuerpos contra el glicolípido fenólico I en el diagnóstico de lepra en niños, en apoyo a la vigilancia clínica(AU)


Introduction: Children having contact with leprosy patients are considered the contacts with greater possibilities of developing the disease. Objective: To assess the usefulness of antibodies´ serologic follow up against the phenolic glycolipid I (PGL-1) for the diagnosis of leprosy in children. Methods: Prospective study in which were included all children contacts of patients diagnosed with leprosy in Havana, Santiago de Cuba and Guantanamo provinces between January 2013 and June 2015. They were evaluated clinically by the dermato-neurological examination and the presence of antibodies against the PGL-1 of M. leprae was determined. Children with positive serology were followed up using these same two methods every six months for two years. The confirmation of a new case of leprosy was made by smear microscopy and molecular biology / PCR-Rlep. Results: A total of 151 children were studied. Of these, 44 children (29.13 percent) were positive for phenolic glycolipid I. A total of 12 children were diagnosed during this period, of which 11 had positive serology. Only 10 children of the studied ones presented clinical suspicion and of these only one new case was confirmed, which had negative serology. In eight of the diagnosed children, the presence of acid-fast bacilli was detected in the smear microscopy. In the remaining four children, the diagnosis was confirmed by the PCR result. Conclusion: The results of this investigation show the usefulness of the antibodies´ serologic follow up against the phenolic glycolipid I in the diagnosis of leprosy in children as a support to clinical surveillance(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Hanseníase/transmissão , Busca de Comunicante/métodos , Compostos Fenólicos/métodos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46381

RESUMO

“Hanseníase. Identificou. Tratou. Curou”. Lançamento de uma nova campanha de conscientização do Ministério da Saúde do Brasil sobre a doença.


Assuntos
Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Hanseníase/complicações
17.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46386

RESUMO

Crianças estão entre as mais vulneráveis à hanseníase, e enfrentam desafios como deficiências físicas e estigmatização associadas à doença negligenciada


Assuntos
Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Bem-Estar da Criança
18.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46387

RESUMO

A hanseníase é uma doença infecciosa crônica, que causa, sobretudo, lesões de pele e danos aos nervos


Assuntos
Hanseníase , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle
20.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(1): 211-215, jan.-mar. 2019. graf., tab.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-968500

RESUMO

Objetivo: Avaliar os aspectos referentes as limitações físicas, psicossociais e qualidade de vida das pessoas atingidas pela hanseníase. Método: Estudo quantitativo, transversal. Foram aplicadas as escalas Screening Activity Limitation and Safety Awareness (SALSA), Participação Social e World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-bref) com 31 sujeitos. Resultado: Evidenciou-se que a maioria dos participantes apresentava algum grau de restrição física e social. Correlacionando com o grau de incapacidade, destaca-se que os pacientes que apresentaram restrições também possuíam grau II de incapacidade. Quanto à qualidade de vida, o domínio psicológico e o de relações sociais apresentaram as médias mais altas, enquanto o físico e o ambiental tiveram as mais baixas. Conclusão: Afirma-se a necessidade de priorização e intensificação das ações de prevenção de incapacidades da hanseníase


Objective: Analyze the aspects related to the physical, psychosocial and quality of life of people affected by leprosy. Method: Quantitative, crosssectional study. The Screening Activity Limitation and Safety Awareness (SALSA), Social Participation and e World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-bref) scales were applied with 31 subjects. Result: The majority of the participants presented some degree of physical and social restriction. The correlation with the degree of disability highlighted that the patients who presented restrictions also had degree of disability II. About the quality of life, the psychological domain and the social relations showed the highest averages, while the physical and the environmental had the lowest ones. Conclusion: It is necessary to prioritize and intensify actions to prevent disability in leprosy


Objetivo: Evaluar los aspectos referentes a las limitaciones físicas, psicosociales y calidad de vida de las personas afectadas por la lepra. Método: Estudio cuantitativo, transversal. Se aplicaron las escalas Screening Activity Limitation and Safety Awareness (SALSA), Participación Social y World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-bref) con 31 sujetos. Resultado: Se evidenció que la mayoría de los participantes presentaba algún grado de restricción física y social. Correlacionando con el grado de incapacidad, se destaca que los pacientes que presentaron restricciones, también poseían grado II de incapacidad. En cuanto a la calidad de vida, el dominio psicológico y el de relaciones sociales presentaron las medias más altas, mientras que el físico y el ambiental tuvieron las más bajas. Conclusión: Se afirma la necesidad de priorización e intensificación de las acciones de prevención de incapacidades de la lepra


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Hanseníase/psicologia , Hanseníase/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Autocuidado , Perfil de Impacto da Doença
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